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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - April 12, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas 4 New Braunf els HmeAdZeitung April Opinions HwaMZtitunf Dave General Manager James Kilpatrick Catfish and all perception Ward writing in the Washington turned out a delightful piece the other day on He was down in where he interviewed catfish and he came away with a blooming affection and a growing respect for this humblest of Moved by the proper I too could compose a rhapsody to the but Sinclairs piece set a train of thought in motion down a spur The problem the catfish far mers must if they would grow to a billiondollar industry in the next is a problem not of but of It is the same kind of problem faced by politicians and by public institutions all the Let me say a word about the There is much to be said for if it isnt cooked too dry a man can enjoy fresh mountain though most restaurants smother its delicate flavor in a blanket of slivered almonds given a lively pompano and red snapper are ac ceptable But these familiar offerings pale to insignificance beside the perfection of the Southern Imagine Helen of Now imagine Tugboat This will give you an approximate idea of the relative beauty of the catfish compared to other Another word or two will suffice The catfish is easily cleaned it gives itself to matchless fillets the flesh is firm and superbly It requires no elaborate French or Washington Today MX vulnerability a theoretical topic ByTIMAHERN Associated Press WASHINGTON AP When President Reagans study panel sends Congress its recommendations this week for basing the MX supporters of the new nuclear weapon will argue that it is needed to over come the vulnerability of Americas landbased Reagan and Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger have said that the Minuteman missiles the backbone of Americas landbased nuclear deterrent are vulnerable to Soviet Top Pentagon officizls and private defense experts have voiced similar The first warnings about missile vulnerability were sounded almost a decade ago by James defense secretary for Presidents Nixon and The reason the Soviet like the United has continued to improve its guidance systems for thus perfecting their ac Tests of the Soviet missiles that would be used against the Minuteman are tracked by radars and spy The Minuteman is the main land based leg of the nuclear which also includes manned bombers and submarinelaunched The United States also has a land based force of Titan aging weapons which are being There are no similar worries about bombers and submarine Pentagon officials have been asuring Congress in recent months that the submarines are relatively invulnerable to Soviet attack and are likely to remain so for the rest of the When they discuss the vulnerability of the nuclear experts usually caution that it is No of has ever launched a largescale nuclear attack and strategic experts agree that such an known in the argot of nuclear war scenarios as a bolt from the is highly Thats because the vulnerability of the Minuteman missiles involves a large number of unknown defense officials say they must follow a worst case scenario in their For their the Soviets would have to overcome a series of obstacles to mount a first strike one that takes out at least 90 percent of the Soviets would have to fire a large number of their 300 SS18 the giant intercontinental weapons that carry 10 warheads The according to a recent Brookings Institution are grouped at five different bases strung along a path in the south central Soviet The firings would have to be coordinated within split seconds so the missiles would hit southern silos in Arizona and Arkansas and then walk north so that radiation and debris thrown up from the first explosions did not knock later missiles off In operational the Soviets have reportedly fired at least a dozen ICBMs at but the question whether they have the technological sophistication to make a largescale launching work is A second problem is that the hun dreds of Soviets missiles would travel a polar which no missile has ever The as does the United test their missiles on an EastWest It is unknown whether the Soviets have the ability to correct their ICBM guidance systems to offset the known atmospheric and magnetic anomalies in the polar In the Soviets would have to use crosstargeting to make sure they knocked out In each of the warheads on an SS18 is aimed at a different Minuteman each of which also is targeted by a separate warhead from another This provides a nuclear insurance policy in case the first Soviet missile went off course or didnt reach its target for some such a Soviet attack would be based on a major assump tion that the United States would not use a launchonwarning Launch on warning means that a country launches its missiles when its spy satellites and radars begin tracking enemy missiles in The strategy is considered risky because of the however of a false alarm caused by computer nuclear policy is a closely held but generally it is believed to call for absorbing a first strike and then the Pentagon has discounted but not flatly ruled out a launch on Would an American confronting evidence that a wave of Soviet missiles was heading over the North withhold his landbased weapons Or would he order a launch on warning Another obstacle in the way of a successful Soviet first strike is that the Soviets can never be sure what the United States would really Your representatives Edmund Kuempel Texas House of Representatives Box 2910 Texas 78769 Gov Mark White Governors Office Room 200 State Capitol Texas 78701 John Traeger Texas Senate Capitol Station Texas 78711 Lloyd Bcntun United Stales Senate Room 240 Russell Building 20610 Tom Loeffler of Representatives 1213 Longworth House Building 20616 John Tower United Suites Senate Room 142 Russell Building 20610 Spanish Accompanied by a strip of a handful of hush and a side order of black eyed peas and unsugared stewed a lightly fried catfish provides a repast for the But the perception is something and here we go on the spur The carfish popularly is perceived as something else With its bulging oversized mouth and sinister the catfish is thought to be Though the catfish is as clean as a Polident the catfish is widely regarded as Most significant in the marketing the catfish is per ceived as the fare of po It is not sophisticated it lacks elan and all those other French Its got no This perception has depressed the catfish market for We see the same kind of thing at work in the ponds of Jimmy Carter came to be perceived as a but no wimp could have achieved the Camp David or risked a rescue effort for the hostages in Richard Nixon still is perceived as sinful in a more accurate he was merely Abe the man who freed the is perceived as a saint in point of he freed only a portion of the slaves and he voiced some racist notions that might have come from the Citizens What is the current perception of Ohios John Glenn He is per ceived as a dullwhitted fellow but no one who heard him at last months Gridiron dinner in Washington would accept that perception as the Colorados Gary another presidential is thought to offer nothing but craggy good looks the reality is something too with faceless The Washington bureaucrat is per ceived as an odious concerned with tasks at once needless and wasteful far more the bureaucrat provides the sturdy shoulders on which government We have unkind perceptions of labor leaders and and more often than not the perceptions are far from the To be perception and reality often Every reporter has known politicians who were in truth tinpot tyrants and publicity But 40 years in the news business have taught me to develop reservations about those first impressions easily copied by the Xerox get to be lasting im What the catfish farmers need is a new perception of the Olympian reality in their If they marketed their product as chatte du maybe the toniest restaurants of New York and Washington would come to The delectable reality would soon be discovered a catfish fad would become a catfish Think it John Realities but images often count for AND WATT AND THE Guest viewpoint The trucking deregulation pros and cons By EDMUND KUEMPEL State 48 Members of this Texas Legislature will consider several measures which would repeal laws affectiong both consumers and special interest groups One of these is the im portant issue of trucking The trucking industry plays an important role in Texas virtually all the towns and cities in Texas rely on the trucking industry to transfer their and a large percentage of goods shipped out of the state are sent by Because of the high economic fluctuation of an industry such as demands for transportation of goods vary greatly with agricultures economic This mutual reliance creates a variety of High and low demand situations make and consequently very transient In in an effort to stablize this link between agriculture and tucking and en courage the young trucking Texas regulated the transportation of agricultural The Texas Railroad Commission now grants in the form of certificates of public convenience and to persons to carry freight within the It also sets rates and insurance and safety As of August 117 common carrier certificates and specialized motor carrier certificates were in To receive a one must prove financial capability of providing the He must also show a need exists for the service and that an adequate service is not being provided by current certificate Because of the magnitude of agricultures effect on the Texas the effects on regulation on both trucking and agriculture remain a heated While regulation has its a number of people favor Regulation in Texas was based originally on several that ease of entry into the market would result in price wars and that a monopolistic situation would It was also believed that regulation was necessary for safety These assumptions form the basis of the major points being One of the main aspects of the issue which incorporates arguments from both sides is the question of whether regulation encourages Deregulation supporters claim that current entry restrictions allow for Any company which currently services an area can protest another truckers application for a certificate in that Because of proving necessity and obtaining the license may be very This limitation of the competition in the business can mean greater costs to consumers than an competitive The RRC also controls but in they granted percent of the rate adjustments Of those they turned most were requests for decreased Those in favor of regulation first point out that restriction is necessary because the demand for motor carriers is dictated by the amount of goods the economy they the restricted entry had prevented a glut of motor carriers from producing a deterioration of the They also suggest that competition exists because the RRC exercises flexibility in granting According to the Texas Motor Transportation roughly percent of requested certificates were granted by the They also maintain the position that regulation has actually prevented price gouging by setting standard Another important point to examine is Under the current truckers must meet safety and insurance requirements before receiving Opponents to deregulaton efforts cite this as a major advantage with Allowing ease of entry into the market would encourage marginal motor carriers to engage in Competition in force these carriers to reduce most likely in the area of safety They also suggest that service to unprofitable now services under would decline drastically under Proponents say that natural competition would encourage ef ficient service at reasonable They cite deregulation in which had regulation laws similar to those in Rural areas and small cities do not appear to have suffered from In cost penalties currently paid by Texas ag currently higher than in deregulated would HB by is currently under consideration as a means of alleviating the It would deregulate contract and specialized A renewable operating permit and compliance with safety and other regulations would still be the RRC would no longer set changes of schedules and and certificates of public convenience and necessity would not be This seems to take into account the issue of while trying to eliminate any problems which have arisen under This issue of great importance to any agriculture and trucking I would appreciate your input on this which my staff and I are currently
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