Sunday, January 9, 1983

New Braunfels Herald Zeitung

Location: New Braunfels, Texas

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New Braunfels Herald-Zeitung (Newspaper) - January 9, 1983, New Braunfels, Texas New Braunfels January 6A Historians probeMetnam War WASHINGTON AP American contempt for the people of South Vietnam as corrupt and cowardly and Incapable of fighting their own war was the key factor in the communist victory a former CIA analyst said Scholars examining lessons to be learned from the Vietnam War were also told that two crippling factors were the failure of American leaders to take the people into their confidence in making war decisions and the leaders lack of confidence that escalation of the conflict would do any More than 80 academic and military historians and analysts spent 11 hours during two clays at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in one of the most ambitious efforts yet to assess what one speaker called the most costly and least suc cessful war in American An unspoken theme running through the conference was that Americas involvement had been a and another was in the long the United States could not have won the war within the limits imposed by American The contempt between American and South Vietnamese officials was and undercut their ability to said Allan who served as presidential briefing coordinator for the director of the Central Intelligence Another frequently made point was that every time policy makers escalated Americas they acted with no confidence that the action would win the Civilian leaders at critical that expanding commitment offered no assurance of said Richard Belts of the Brookings Yet at each juncture they saw no acceptable alternative to pressing Most participants questioned whether American democracy is capable of winning a limited war against an enemy willing to Vietnam was the first war in which America sought to impose an ideology on another said historian Russell Weigley of Temple Betts said It is clear that the war effort was not subverted by moral objections or distaste for use of but by a gradually building public perception that all the blood and treasure was simply being wasted to no visible The United States might be able to fight a limited war but only if it is not long and he Added Douglas who spent 15 years in Saigon as this countrys leading interpreter of Vietnamese communism No democracray can fight a protracted Gramm Kubiak Special election could be landslide By CHARLES RICHARDS Associated Press Writer A scheduled 12 special election mat ching Phil Gramrn and Dan Kubiak for the 6th Congressional District seat probably will be a runaway victory for but Kubiak will make it predicts a Texas Democrat who has served with Gramm in Congress and with Kubiak in the Texas I think Gramm will win and win But it will be Because Kubiak will come out He will not be afraid of And Gramm will come out said the i requested a seven tcnn veteran of the Texas House of is the most prominent of three Democrats who have said they will oppose Gramm in the made necessary by Gramms resignation and from D e m q c r a t t o I would was very well well But lie was not a team He was ace u s e d o f demagoguing every once in a It will be an interesting the lawmaker But Gramm will not run at He will run against Ti p President Reagan had encouraged Gramm to switch and Gramm could have taken the opportunity of staging his an nouncement at the White House with a rather smashing But Gramm had the results of a poll that showed not only that he could win as either a Democrat or Republican but also that sentiment in his district against House Speaker Tip ONeill to be even stronger than that for Gramms colleague That decided the So the election shapes up as one in which Kubiak will lash out against redink Reaganomics and Gramm will wail against the woes of House Majority Leader Jim D of Fort Worth and others who Gramm said have decided to continue on a spending course that has led the nation to the edge of financial ONeill and Wright led last weeks move to oust Gramm from the powerful Budget Committee as punishment for the role the 40yearold former Texas professor played as cosponsor of Reagans budget proposal in the Within two Gramm decided lie was in the wrong Republicans promised him one of their Budget Committee assignments if he moved to their side of the If everyone myself for example if I resigned every time I didnt get the committee I I would have resigned many But you have got to work and represent your constituents in whatever way you Kubiak During 14 years in the Texas Kubiak battled frequently with House Speaker Bill Clayton and was booted out of his position as chairman of the House Education Committee because I voted for the wrong But he didnt leave the Democratic Kubiak opting to continue pressing for his legislation from the He succeeded in getting virtually all of it he Gramm was a leader in the conservative Democratic Boll Weevil faction that combined with a bloc of Republican congress men to produce a vic tory for the president on his economic recovery legislation a year Colleagues in the group tried to use that logic on Had he remained in the they were arranging to designate Gramm to work the floor for the forums positions on budget thereby maintaining a key profile in his area of expertise even without the Budget Committee a former high school teacher at Vernon and teacher and coach at Cypress gave up the Legislature to make an unsuccessful attempt last year to become Texas land com Kubiaks dentist brother was elected to succeed In just missing a runoff in the Democratic Kubiak carried the counties of the th Congressional District by an overwhelming he Gramm held a news conference in his hometown of College Station Wednesday to announce his Kubiak formally an nounced for the seat also in College Kubiak lives in about 50 miles west of College and a few miles outside t h e i t h Congressional District b o u n cl a r i e A congressman is not required to live in the district he At least two other candidates have an nounced theyll pay the filing fee and get into the special They are Joe a plastic surgeon from and Bill P o w e r a businessman from Navasota who opposed Gramm when Gramm was first elected to Congress in Gramm and other Boll Weevils were a Kubiak particularly for far and many of the Texas members of the group represent far ming They placed themselves in the position they did without getting anything for They actually hurt the They could have gotten anything they wanted to cash these votes for the tax cut and the budget the president and they did not anything in return for the They sold the farmers clown the river in the name of Kubiak who served all of his 14 years in the Texas House on the Agriculture said he thinks thats one reason he will fare well in the I really think I have a strong chance to My background is agriculture which 90 percent of that district Although Kubiak cannot hope to match the campaign war chest that Gramm has built up largely because of Gramms support for tax cuts that favored the Kubiak con tends he hopes to benefit from the Democratic unity that manifested itself in the November Democratic I have my basic campaign structure already set up from the election I just That was still And other such as the land com called me up and said his campaign was still set And Jim Hightower the new agriculture com missioner said his was available to Kubiak The dominoes just started and we if this is happening Ive never seen such response and Kubiak Kubiak and his have three children Kelly 11 Alyssa 8 and Kody He was in the Falls County community of where his father was a and graduated from high school at nearby IT Often GALLERY FRAMING GIFTS 10t6 tbut JANUARY HIGHLIGHTS Jerry Weers Original watercolors and prints Windberg Open and limited edition prints Schmidt Signed and numbered prints Enroll for framing seminar By Masterframer Robert Pickett the owners Lewis and Sharon Steinberg And manager Valerie Smith Register for prizes and gift certificates Join us for coffee SHANOAH II 277 WEST SAN ANTONIO STREET NEW BRAUNFELS 10 530 Monday Saturday 6290238 Salyadoran officer defies defense head SAN El Salvador AP Sigifredo Ochoa Perez claimed to have the support of three garrisons Saturday in his mutiny against the defense minister and said we will make him Ochoa said Air Force Commander Juan Rafael Bustillo had telephoned to express his sup but Bustillo could not immediately be reached for Considered by fellow officers to be one of the best field commanders in the governments 3yearold war against leftist Ochoa announced the mutiny against Defense Minister Jose Guillermo Garcia Thursday He refused Garcias order to go to Uruguay as military saying it amounted to About 400 led by local heads of three political rallied Saturday morning to demand that Garcia rescind the transfer order for the The rally was held in 50 miles northeast of the where Ochoa is believed to have about 900 Military officers there said rallies continued through the Officers in the Atonal battalion confirmed Saturday that they supported but the Napoleon could not be reached for With the Air Force and San Miguel Ochoa would have about about oneninth of the armed including police and the national supporting Ochoa said he was sending a commission to the garrisons to gather support and collect signatures on a communique calling for Garcias The situation must define itself Ochoa told The Associated Press in 50 miles northeast of the If Garcia does not we will make him defense minister since met Friday with Ambassador Deane but it was not known what they Ochoa said Saturday he was not interested in the embassys position on his challenge to The United States is the main supporter of El Salvadors military campaign against leftist I dont care what decision the embassy although I admire the people for their Ochoa asked if he had consulted advisers about the he I have no reason to consult the Americans about what we have to They are our We respect but I want them to understand that we are a nation that has its Last Ochoa said he did not think the American military advisers based in El Salvador helped the army and that he never consulted About 55 advisers are based and several have expressed admiration for the He said he had more respect for the armies of Taiwan and Before the civil war lic ence attended a training course conducted here by Scientists study quake area MAMMOTH AP A continuing string of small earthquakes may signal volcanic activity in the rugged mountains around this high country ski a geologist who studies volcanoes said But Dan Miller and other scientists stressed at a news conference that no one is predicting an erup tion in this community along the eastern slopes of the Sierra across the mountains from Yosemite National Our level of concern about volcanoes is above our level before this last earthquake Miller Thats a very general Small quakes continued to jolt the region 200 miles east of San Francisco and 250 miles north of Los Angeles for the third straight day Were all wondering just whats going on at depth several miles beneath the surface and just what the mechanisms are that produced the quakes that began Thursday said geologist Roger Martin of the California Department of Mines and The lowlevel seismic activity is persisting with frequent small magnitude said geophysicist Mark Zoback at the Geological Survey offices in Menlo There have been several felt apr proximate magnitude 3 to on the Richter in the last 24 but there have no been larger events such as those which occurred Thursday he referring to quakes measured at and Zoback said scientists expect the lowlevel activity to but dont see that as a danger These things persist for a few he We imagine it will go on for a But we have no information that indicates the situation is becoming more Scientists had been concerned that similar previous earthquake swarms and other geologic changes might reflect molten rock moving several miles beneath the Nothing has We have no way of forecasting whether anything might happen on the said Dan a Geological Survey The latest swarm of quakes began Thursday af ternoon and continued well into hitting at a rate of more than one a While most were too small to be two moderate tremors late Thur sday did minor damage at Mammoth Lakes and caused the collapse of a hangar on a private plane at the nearby SALTOS Gymnastic Studio CLASSES FOR CHILDREN AGES 3 AND UP Registration 12 13 to CLASSES BEGIN 17th BOYS 5 6 GIRLS THRU 5 6 TOTS 3 to 5 BOYS GIRLS THRU 4 6 SPRING 1 TERM 1 DAY WEEK 8 WKS 2 DAY WEEK 8 WKS 18OO IH 35 San 3962166 WONDER WORLD EXIT MONTHLY MONITORING PER MONTH Guadmupe VaJHey Guadalupe Valley Security Systems is your local security systems company that knows the importance ot protecting your loved ones and valuables at an affordable Since your equipment is there are no large monthly chargesonly the per month monitoring Should an alarm a report is received at the monitoring station and the appropriate officials are 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