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Avalanche-Journal (Newspaper) - May 17, 1973, Lubbock, Texas Simmering Battle Still On For Future Control Of Laos VIENTIANE AP The ceasefire in Laos seems o be working But in the view of diplomats and bureaucrats the prospects for longterm peace and recon ciliation aie no better than in the other nations of Indochina Some say it is possible Laos may wind up with Korea and Vietnam on the list of divided Asian nations Negotiations have stalled on the formation of a coalition be tween the govern ment of Prince Souvanna Phouma and the proCommu nist Pathet Lao headed in name by his halfbrother Prince Souphanouvong The Laotian ceasefire was signed Feb 22 nearly a month after the Vietnam ceasefire was worked out in Paris Incidents Minor Reported ceasefire violations are down to one or two minor incidents a day sometimes none One source here says though that fighting could resume in the Laotian panhandle area where enemy forces have pushed to within a few miles of Nakhon Phanom in neighboring Thailand Nakhor Phanom is headquarters for air oper ations in Laos and Cambodia B52 bomber strikes were unable to reverse enemy push es into contested areas last month Sources say the Pathet Lao and their North Vietnam and to Pathet Lao The ceasefire agreement alls for removal of all foreign forces within 60 days after the coalition government is formed I dont think the North Viet namese are prepared for start of a 60day period to get their troops out of said one source They dont want any moves made until they are satisfied things will go their way in Cambodia They are simply securing their other po sitions in Indochina before tak ing on South Merchant Tralfic Up The decline in hostilities has encouraged a small increase in commerce through Pathet Lao territory between Vientiane and the governmentheld royal capi tal of Luang Prabang 135 miles to ETC north A dozen mer chants instead of three are re ported plying the road and riv er route with watches cloth and transistor radios Otherwise the ceasefire has changed little Only a handful of Laos esti mated refugees have re turned to their homes Reasons vary Lack of faith in the ceasefire a remaining month before riceplanting season fear or hate ot the North Viet namese and Pathet Lao In Vientiane life ambles on The capital is a sprawling vil lage of where even the poor have elbow room Among its dirt side streets and twosto can presence would presum ably be reduced once a coali ion is formed but they add that the numbers remaining vouJd have to be worked out Western diplomatic sources say the two Laotian parties are very close to agreement on spe cifics of a coalition Cabinet in vhidh the Pathet Lao would get half the government in ex change for virtually nothing A more serious obstacle is the Laos reported insist nce on bringing three battal ons of troops to Vientiane and wo to Luang Prabang for se Losing Air Support Souvanna will lose his air support after the coalition i formed and he might be in no rush for this to happen The prince still vigorous at Uiical party no similar problem with and no constituency but nonetheless the only man in Laos with acceptability to all NEWS Lubbock AvalancheJournal THURSDAY MAY 17 1973 72 stands more than ever at the center of Laotian politics A force without a one Western official calls him A political leader with no po Scuvannas image as a neu tralist has been tarnished by long association with the Amer icans but the Pathet Lao have North Vietnamese connections versus their nationalist profes sions The Vientiane government has controlled about twothirds of the countrys three million people and observers say it would be some time before the Pathet Lao could organize and effect a political takeover Must Improve Some Western observers feel I Laos vihere agriculture is The rocky kingdom is shaped primitive industry is prac tically nonexistent and 80 p e r cent of commerce is barter One Western official says It would be a nightmare to try to collectivize agriculture in this But other sources say the Vietnamese are re ported to have had some suc cess organizing cooperatives in their area of control Even if and when a coalition the Pathet Lao must improve is formed an effective and vi their image as a true nation alist movement of Laos rather than puppets of the North Viet namese As for communism it would have to be a special kind able administration is some dis tance says another West em official Any political set tlement will just define more specifically the partition of like a cavemans hammer poised to strike either at North Vietnam to the east or Thailand to the south and west This for some years has been its mis fortune for the Laotians dis trust the Thais and detest the Vietnamese and each of t h e neighbors dislikes and distrusts the other If the situation worsens some sources say Thailand might de cide to press its longstanding claim to territories west of the Mekong River in northern Laos and the southern panhandle The kingdom of Laos might thus be compressed into an en clave on the Vientiane plain ese allies now control SO perjry buildings the large inter cent of Laos square miles leaving the government a sdender strip sometimes only a few miles wide along the western panhandle and a wedgeshaped area of the north that protrudes into Thailand Prince Souvanna the pre mier is reported to have ac cepted the results of this land grab as another of the harsh realities he has to face after a long string of military defeats But disagreements over appor tioning of Cabinet posts and se curity measures for the Pathet Lao still stand in the way of a political settlement Each Blames Other Each side blames the other for the delay but Western sources say they believe the Tvorth Vietnamese are holding back the Pathet Lao Informants say there are 000 to North Vietnamese troops in Laos The State De partment in Washington claims to In any case the North Vietnamese both in numbers and in fighting ability overshadow the to effective government troops national set can find Indian cot tons French pastries Filipino cockfights Lao opium Peking duck and American rock records Americans are plentiful Hir sute young men in beH bottoms bearing handicraft tokens of their passage through other drugtolerant cities of Asia gather in cafes where 70 cents a meal is big spending sport shirted officials and wives in sundresses patronizing restau rants boutiques and furniture shops Living In Suburbia Many of the Americans live in an imported suburbia set among rice paddies three miles outside Vientiane It is com plete with ranch houses station wagons tennis courts a swim club and a school About Americans are employed in Laos by the Embassy the Central In telligence Agency the AID mis sion and civilian contractors like Air America officials say They have some 800 de pendents in the country officials sav the Amen Can your cigarette pass these 5 simple tests If youVe ever had second thoughts about the brand of cigarette you smoke heres a quick way to find out if it really delivers what you want These five simple tests will tell you a lot about quality freshness and taste And if you make these tests with aWinston they 11 tell you why Winston smokers can point to their brand and say How good it is l Test Sniff It Test Feel It TOY PANDA Tendayold Arier a vervet monkey who was abandoned by his mother at birth clings to a toy panda given him by the animal superintendent at the Chessington Zoo at Surrey England The monkey was named Arfer because of his six inches tall AP Wirephoto Value Of School For Tinv Tots Doubted By Expert HOUSTON AP An au thority on early childhood de velopment in Texas says it probably would be amistake to start children in school at the age of three or four I dont think early childhood development can be taken care of by simply extending the cur rent structure of the school said Richard Or ton associate director of the of fice of Early Childhood Devel opment Orton who directed Head Start from 196S until June of 1972 is on loan to the state of fice He is hclpincr draft a com prehensive plan for early child hood development in the state A plan is being readied for pre sentation to the governor Never Implemented The Houston School Board voted in November of 1971 to make public education avail able to all 4year old chil dren in steps starting the fol lowing September The plan was never implemented be cause funds were unavailable for that purpose from sources outside the district Orton told a regional meeting that Head Stan findings re vealed that any good efforts ac cumulated from the program tend to disappear without reini forcement particularly from j the family of what the children i might have learned The family is undoubtedly j the most efficient most effec tive and most economical sys tem for bringing about care and development for j said I j Federal Program I I If for some reason the par cnts cannot assume full rcsponi sibilily for the care and dcvclj opment of their children then the persons who work for them as surrogates must be trained ito do j Head Start is a federal pro jgram to prepare culturally dcj prived presehool children for entry into the regular school I system I Orton desrihed early child hood development as a unique field requiring specialized training even for qualified elej mentary school Take a whiff of the tobacco Does it smell rich and fresh and appealing If your ciga rette is Winston youll recog nize the aroma of costly Vintage Leaf Tobaccos Winston chooses the most nearly perfect leaves money can buy Then we age these rare tobaccos in wooden casks We do it for the same reason youd age a fine wine Aging makes our tobaccos mellow and brings out that extra dimension of natural goodness Test Light It Docs it bum evenly Heres a critical test ot the way your cigarette is made A cigarette rolled fresh packed full and made with care will burn evenly draw easily always does How does your brand shape up f Roll the cigarette in your hand Pinch it slightly Does it feel stale A cigarette thats been wait ing in a warehouse or on a shelf can lose some of its freshness And some of its taste But because Winston sells so fast every pack comes to you fresh The tact is on any given day Winston is likely to be the freshest cigarette vour monev can buv Test Take a before lighting Take a lighting it Thats a good way to learn about the tobacco and the filter If you can taste the tobaccos without lighting up you know theres rich ness up front And that the filter doesnt get in the way of the taste Winstons exclusive FilterBlend a topsecret blend of different tobaccos works with Winstons modem white filter to deliver satisfying taste in every puff Test Smoke It What could be simpler Thats the real test of a cigarette Can it deliver good taste and real satisfaction cnvry time you light up Winston can Ask a Winston smoker Any time Hell tell you in four simple words How good it is CASIIEW PROFITS NEW DELHI AP Indias foreign exchange earnings from the export of cashew nuts reached a record high of million during an 11month pe riod ended early this year the government announced Ask a Winston smoker Hell tell you HOW GOOD IT IS RED CARPET CARWASH Quaker at 19th St New Summer Hours 8 to 8 MON thru SAT WED til 9 SUN 9 Jerry washes you Better than anyone in towiis Warning The Surgeon General Has Determined That Cigarette Smoking Is Dangerous to Your Health 20 Report
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