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Daily Court Review (Newspaper) - June 7, 1972, Houston, Texas PUBLISHED SINCE 1889 HARRIS TEXAS WEDNESDAY AFTERNOON JUNE 1972 FEATURING REAL PROFESSIONAL AND GENERAL NEWS SINGLE COPY Thirtyfive Cento Tough Enforcement of Law Causes Uproar By Bert Mills Few laws passed by Congress have become so controversial in so short a time after enactment as the Oc cupational Safety and Health which topk effect on April This law declares it to be na tional policy to assure so far as possible every working man and woman in the nation safe and healthful working Nobody quarrels with that laud able objective but tough enforce ment by a small army of zeal ous inspectors has caused a na tional At least 87 bills are now pend ing in Congress to amend some with as many as 25 spon The outcry has been par ticularly loud from farmers and small m o s t of whom never heard of OSHA until they were visited by a grpvern ment Several members of Congress have told horror stories about what happened to constituents of theirs when they encountered OSHA and fined for non compliance for such violations as not having a coathook on the bathroom A distributer of specialty prod ucts in Texas had two employ one man and one An OSHA inspector ruled the employer must prpvide a separ ate rest room for the a retiring Unable to com ply for lack of he dis charged Hearings to be Held Flooded with the House Subcommittee on Environ mental Problems Affecting Small Business will hold hearings on OSHA starting June Chair Events In the News Trade Winds When State Senator Barbara Jordan of Houston becomes Gov ernor of the State of Texas for a day June some of Houstons finest junior high and college musical groups will beon hand to parti cipate in the Topping the list will be the internationally known Texas Southern University This choir will provide special music for the inauguration ceremonies scheduled for Annual Muleshoe Celebration July include World Championship Muleshoe Pitching old settlers pony express relay from Need more to Muleshoe 15 hobby and art ridein breakfast and fireworks Continued on Page 8 Despite Recent Pressure Increasing for Total Tax Reform By Lou Schneider Despite two major Federal tax revisions in two years Tax Re form Act of 1969 and the Rev enue Act of 1971 pressure is again building for tax reform total tax Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Tax Policy Edwin Cohen already insists that all talk of tax reform and the clos ing of loopholes to produce larg er revenues are vastly exag Presidential Assistant John Ehrlichman says the Administra tion opposes any increase in Fed eral taxation that planned cuts in the 197273 Federal budget will make any new taxes unneces The Daily Investor Leftover Bond Revised Maturity Terms Cause Confusion By Charles Elia I bought a Series E savings bond last marked with a maturity of five 10 About a week I bought a E bond but it read maturity in seven Is this a mistake Have they issued me the wrong bond If it makes a what should I do No mistakes only Uncle Sam using up some certificates Inside the Daily Court Review ITEM PAGE Abstract of Assignment of Liens 8 Assumed Birth Building Court of Civil Appeals 1st 8 Court 7 Divorce to will bear no indi cation of the maturity eliminating this possible left over from the time before the maturity period was The Treasurys savings bond people say it wont matter at all when you redeem in future years because the real guide fol lowed by the Treasury is the is sue date the month and year you bought the Ive heard from other readers about this while it may be confusing on first its really The gov from time to has had to increase the yield on sav ings bonds and it has done this by shortening the When the maturity period dropped to five 10 months a couple of years banks and other vendors of the bonds had old certificates on hand which the treasury hasnt yet completely I under stand new certificates being sup Domestic Relations Docket of Civil 7 Federal Tax Harris County Land Transaction 6 Beer Permits 8 Marriage MaterialmensMechanics 3 Plumbing 3 Public 5 Suits Filed in Civil Courts 2 District Courts 7 Whats the source of confusion in the Your bond is just as much governed by the prevailing five 10 months maturity as the bond you bought at about the same The issue date is what counts thats the point on which the prevailing yield cal culation is not the out dated maturity But business leaders know that Ehrlichman and anyone who is anybody in the Adminis tration knows that the Federal government is being pushed to ward not taxes and that big tax changes to in crease revenues are in the mak man William Hungate said We want to identify the specific problems small business men are facing with the safety and health These hearings should prove useful in exposing the OSHA sit uation but chances for new legis lation to soften the impact of the law are The Hungate subcommittee is part of the Se lect Committee pn Small Busi which can only recommend legislation for processing by an other The committee with legislative powers in the safety and health area is the House Education and Labor which pro duced OSHA in the first The Labor Committee is dom inated by prolabor members not inclined to do any favors for busi particularly when the un ions are quite happy with their part in enacting those objecting to OSHA and its strict enforcement will get a chance to tell their story to the Small Business sub committee and perhaps build a record that could lead to legis lation in 1973 or some subsequent There appears to be no chance for any of the pending bills to be adopted in OSHA Constitutionality Upheld OSHA has already survived one Constitutional Four con struction companies cited and penalized under OSHA charged the law was unconstitutional be cause socalled civil penalties were really criminal penalties and those penalized should be ac corded Constitutional including trial by Federal Court in Atlanta dis missed the agreeing with the Department of Labor that the plaintiffs had failed to exhaust their administrative The law established an independent Occupational Safety and Health Review whose decisions may be appeal ed to the Circuit Court of The Review by the is a new bureaucracy in its own Its staff already includes 25 new judges serving in various major and soon the total will climb to These judges do nothing but rule on appeals from those penalized by At last nearly cases were When a new law results in appeals in its first year of something would seem to be wrong either with the law or its The Congres sional investigation of OSHA seems to have come none too soon People in the tax know have heard about the 90minute closeddoor visit of House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Wilbur with Pres ident Nixon on May Mills in formed Nixon there is no chance of a comprehensive new tax bill this But what isnt except to intheknowtax is that Mills told the President he is planning a bill to re peat all provisions of the present Internal Revenue Code in 1974 and thus force a to tal new tax Nixon argued against saying it would upset the economic re better known as Tax on Capitol is In Nixon knows the Mills tax staff has been working on this tax code complete over haul matter for some Reevaluation of Restrictions Needed to Assist Mentally Deficient By Harley Schwadron Noting the current emphasis among social service agencies to avoid institutionalization of t h e mentally a University of Michigan law professor sug gests that such practices under line the need for a reevaluation of laws restricting sexual and childrearing activities of the re Speaking at a conference on rights of the mentally Robert Burt asserted that compulsory sterilization laws and other restrictive stat utes in many states clearly vio late the constitutional rights of the retarded and are likely to be overthrown by the Su preme But court action on these laws are not likely to affect numer ous other statutes because of their broad pose the constant threat of victimiz ing the mentally retarded on the basis of irrational Burt In the case of child abuse and neglect for the UM law professor observed that virtually every state has statutes that are sufficiently broad gaged to authorize compulsory removal of a child on grounds that the parents are mentally Unless those who specially care for the mentally retarded can convincingly attest to the Continued on Page 8 The Houston Association of Legal Secretaries installed 1972 73 officers during their May meeting held at the Plantation Room of the Texas State Officers pictured are Catherine treasurer Nancy governor Sondra 2nd vice president Bea president Joyce 1st vice president Shirley recording secretary and Dorothy correspond ing The installing officer was NALSs 2 nd vice president Barbara Ham She is associated with Bracewell Outgoing president Edythe Gutter was
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