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Valley Morning Star (Newspaper) - January 7, 1944, Harlingen, Texas EY '__ ___ _ A Hies Have Jet-Propelled'Fighter Plane secret fighter without has been perfected by the United States and Great Britain and will shortly be in production for both the British and American air a joint statement of the American Army Air Force and the Royal Air Force said Thursday night. Hundreds of successful flights have been made without accident in both the United States and Britain by the new capable of flying at enormous speed at great the statement said. The London Daily Mail said the planes probably have a top speed of between 500 and 600 miles an hour. Only a fragment of the story of a new and revolutionary apparently representing the greatest advance in years in can be told but behind it lies 11 years of experi- ment and three and one-half years of intensely seqret de- velooment and test flying. Xo details of performance or specification of the plane were made public even now because of the necessity of secrecy. But it was made known that the first test produced in tne unnea States by the Bell Aircraft was twin-engined._ Sufficient jet planes for training purposes both in tne united States and Britain have now been it was and the Army Air Forces have allotted a number of the planes to the United States Navy. Credit for the engine which possible the jet plane was in the to British Group Capt. Frank He began work on it in 1933 and in had his engine running satisfactorily for the first time. The first successful flight was made in by the late Flight Lieut. P. G. chief test pilot for Gloster Company of Britain. In the Royal Air Force gave full information regard- ing the engine to Gen. H. H. commanding the American Air and at'his request the engine which made the first flight was sent to the General Electric Company. General Electric had its first engine ready for test in less than six months. The first test flight in the United States was made October by Robert M. chief test pilot for the Bell Aircraft Company. The jet plane first came into prominence in 1941 when Italy published details of an alleged successful jet propulsion plane. According to the their plane took air in at the front of the heated it and forced it out at the tail in such a way as to provide a propulsive thrust. The called the Caproni- had a cigar-shaped fuselage and was bulkier toward the tail than in front. It flew from Milan to Rome. On August it was alleged that the Germans were developing a jet but the reports died down. Some Britons have been puzzled recently by the sight of what is now revealed as the jet plane. They thought at first it was P-38 Lightning. The P-38 is a twin-engined plane easily recognized because its construction makes it look as if it had a double fuselage. The authoritative Jane's All The World's Aircraft shows a pic- ture of the Italian Capronl-Campini a developed in collaboration with Secondo Campini. Jane's credits the plane with successful in and with a flight of 168 miles from Milan to December at the rate of 75 miles an hour. Thursday's joint statement said that Group Captain Whittle should get the greatest credit this fine for it was his genius and energy that made this Whittle is a pilot engineer whp has been working on jet propulsion since he was 22. AP and UP Two Complete Wire Services Appear In The Star Daily VALLEY MORNING STAR FINAL EDITION FIVE CENTS Vol. No. 215 Full Leased Wire ol the Associated Press JANUARY 1944 Complete United Press Wire Service Ten Pages Today Allied Fifth Army Opens New Drive Western Italy General Advances Are Scored Along 10-Mile Front Straddling Main Rome Battle 1 For Town Of San Vittore Is Still Raging ALLIED Allied Fifth Army troops catching the Germans off balance by attacking in a blinding sleet storm have opened a new offensive in western Italy and made general along a 10-mile front straddling the main Rome it was an Enounced Thursday. The advances of a mile or more all along the sector carried our forces into the town of San where house-to-house fighting of the greatest intensity was reported in progress. i Every house in San Vittore has bc.en turned into a according to a front-line dispatch from United Press Correspondent which said German machine gun nests were blasting from' street floor windows while snipers c'rouched behind mat- tressed balconies and attic openings. The German communique asserted the Allied attack WPS for local breaches which could be sealed Both British and Americans joined in the full-scale driving up the Liri Valley under a rolling artillery barrage and a hail of bullets from A-36 Invader planes and fighter bombers. The planes roared through the sleet at almost zero altitude to pound Ger- man fun positions guarding Cer- two miles west of San Vittore. The who had been percned yards outside San Vittore for thiee punched tneir way into the town through barbed mines and booby trees and carried the attack to the center of the village against desperate German resistance. Front reports said the battle still German Retreat In Poland Nears Rout U. S. Carrier Fleet Grows Sea Striking Power 9 Greatest In World OFFICERS Crawford of San lieutenant governor of Kiwanis Division is shown above pinning the president's pin on Gus newly elected president of the Harlingen Ki- wanis Club at installation services held Tuesday night. Ben vice president of the local is looking over Fry's shoulder. by C. W. RAF Feints At Berlin And Then Bombards Baltic Port Nazi Night Fighters So Confused They Fail To Interfere With Bomber Raid On Stettin Marines Push On Eastward Borgen Bay Area Is New Allied Objective By The Associated Press American meeting swift- ly-stiffening Japanese 20 are pushing forward from the Cape Gloucester area of New Britain eastward toward Borgen and 600 Japanese have fallen in the con- tinuing a communique from General MacArthur's headquarters said Friday. On neighboring New American invasion forces made con- tact with the enemy as far as ten miles up the coast from the beach- head at Saidor. Airdrome Is Cleared Clearing of an important air- was raging fiercely in the an attack on Berlin that hopelessly con- with the German defenders furious- fused Nazi fighter Royal Air Force night bombeis Thursday NEW Under- ly intent on holding the village made a concentrated pre-dawn assault on raining more than Secretary James Forrestal disclosed stronghold protecting their main 1.120 tons of bombs on the big Baltic supply port for the northern Rus- Thursday that 65 aircraft carriers defence point of Cassino. and combatant naval The attack was of equal lorce sian front wh.le plywood Mosquitos earned out a nuisance raid on the German capital. built in 1943 and said the Navy I On both sides of the Rome Carrying forward a 16-day-old aerial offensive apamst France RAF has in being fortes which the Americans leading the 1'Sht and fighter bombers and fighters attacked the invasion coast constitute the greatest sea and air drive a five-mile stretch Thmsday. striking nnurer i Vichy heard in New said Rouen had been lo the north anchored at Venafro and the British attacking- on a sector extending five miles south of the road to a point just west of Rocca D'Evandro. It appeared the assault caught power in the world.1 The carriers were six ton- ners of the nine of the converled cruiser 50 escort carriers winch smaller ships and have been used to hunl submarines in Ihe Atlantic off coming as completed in he told it did in the midst of the rain a Beekman Hospital Fund Drive j and sleet storm. It was to have tons of been aided by medium almost doubling that but weather grounded them and the which existed at the beginning of lighter planes took over in a shut- tle year and nearly tnree times the' tie service tonnage completed in 1942. The first flight surprised the Ger- built for the naval air force mans who apparently didn't expect total of combatant aerial activity of any kind in such drome area in the Cape Gloucester sector went while pre- parations already were well ad- vanced for far heavier air assaults on Japanese-held Rabaul to the newly-won on Bougainville in the Solomons.' A new fighter sweep over Ra- baul brought to more than 180 the number of Japanese planes downed WEEKLY DEATH RATE IN MAJOR CITIES PER EXCESS OVER NORMAL MORTALITY Other Mosquito bombers attacked western Germany and at that important enemy base since France during tie and as a result of Luftwaffe December 24. 15 RAF bombers were missing from the night's operations. Gen. Ralph whose In its third great raid in five oi them on South Pacific Air Force has been RAF hammered 75 miles northeast of Berlin and 75 miles bombing and strafing Rabaul Poland. It was the first raid on Stettin since April when more said won't be long before moon-lit 1U area of Baltic arnnrrf 9 jm en iato the an all-ut Final Reduction Certain Final reduction of Rabaul is cer- which gave us at the end of the a after all of nearly combat against m existence at the year's begin- Not Sure About Soldier Vote SAN W. Lee O'Daniel said Thurs- day that us fathers with sons the war think they should be Allowed to but it is such a big question I am not prepared to make a statemc.it at this The senalor also refused to com- ment on his conference Thursday with Marrs former chair- 'jfnan of the Texas Repuolican Fi- nance who was said to be largely responsible for Wen- cell Willkie's recent trip to Texas. Sermons Are Testing Type Air Defense Berlin ladio Thursday night that tne Ger- weather. Later were met with intense small arms fire from the ground while Fifth Army officeis marveled that even the invaders could get through. Only one plane was reported rr.iss- ing from all operations. The attack cracked the mam Ger- man defenses guarding the Liri Valley route to of which San Vittore appeared to be the key. Once the Fifth Army has routed the Germans from their Mississippi Highways Searched For Bandits Miss. South any rerun ed to land daylight after blasting the port tain' he added' its destruc- jfrom which war materials are tl0n alr may several shipped to the Baltic states and which contains important U-boat shipbuilding and aircraft part manufacturing plants and big railroad marshalling yards. Mississippi highways were Following the same tactic used late Thursday and the FBI an assault on Leipzig December aleited from Texas to the Atlantici3. Mosquito bombers bombed Ber- Coast to trap three armed I5 minutes befoie hundreds of who early Thursday held the some Halifax bomb- and guests of the Robert E. Lee Hotel at gunpoint while they loot- ed the hotel safe and cash drawers of an estimated to The bandits escaped in a Chrys- fortified houses the way toller car stolen from a when six miles stretches broad and flat across the valley floor. The British ot the 10- mile break-through swept to the Garigliano River and then side- stepped to the where the Garigliano bemlb to avoid the crossing. Canadian troops of the Eighth I Army front to the east held firmly I to tneir dominant position on a they tied up the manager and Negio helpers and bound them to bumpers of paiked cars on the second floor of the garage before taking from the cash register. Frank agent 'in charge of the FBI office said his of- fice was called in because the trio answered the description of three men who last week robbed a hotel m after stealing a car in San and later rob- their new vantage point the Can-1 adiar.s dominate high ground in the coastal sector. mans are testing a new type British destroyers in the Adriatic heavy shore battery designed both bombai ded 133 miles north shell targets at and to fire Ortona on the Adriatic. The de- at approach.ng bomber stroyers swept inshore to blast Ger- with newly-constructed communications at great range and altitude. with 500 lounds. Farther the Eighth Army ar.tillery opened up against the strongly held lateral road be- tween and Guardiagrele. American Spitfires of the coastal bombing shipping and Weather THE VALLEy MoiUy port installat-ons in nor riirs and 1'iiermiitciit light attacked eight German boats near Port Ercola and months. who have been shuggling up the interior of New Guinea in a drive on also have made a new landing on the north coast at Cape an un- TOLL CUT Strik- .vsduciiops from the mortality rate ot three previous influenza compared with the present are shown on this chart prepared from material supplied by the U. S. Census Bureau. Reduction is believed due to relatively mild form the disease has and im- proved treatment. Soviet Advance In Ukraine Develops German Broadcasts Say Still Another Soviet Offensive Has Started in Dnieper Bend Area Red army has smashed into pre-war Poland to a depth of 12 miles and thrown the Germans into disordered retreat in the Ukraine after 14 days of a crushing winter offensive that has carried Lhe front 148 miles west of the Russians revealed officially Thurs- jay night. The first officially reported crossing of the 1939 Polish frontier in a 19-mile advance northwestward from Olevsk in which Gen. Nikolai F. Vatutin's army captured 12 miles inside the Polish Ukraine. Rakitno is only 24 miles from Sarny and the Germans' last railroad east of 130 miles beyond. In a series of spectacular advances along a curving front lengthened to 275 the Russians also drove close to the old Polish frontier 30 miles south of where they captured three miles east of the and to the southeast slashed deeply into the rear of the last German positions along the lower Dnieper. Killing more than Germans in a day's the Russians had scored advances of more than 20 miles in three days and up to 12 miles Thursday alone. Under the terrific the Germans in and doning large part of their muni-'. tions and war the Rus- j sian Thursday midnight commu-11 nique listing huge booty1 captured as well as consider- able number of Season Citrus Total i AAA 14 I their advance t Past 12 000 Car Mark1 promised to FUJI lirVVV VUI I tory equivalenl tQ The communique did not report the crossing of the Polish fron- tier as as the Soviets have not recognized the 1939 frontier since they moved into eastern Po- land at the same time the Germans invaded from the west in Sep- tember of that year. Moscow dis- patches carefully pointed out that Rakitno is 12' miles west of the separating Zhitomir Province in Russia proper from Rovno Province in what was Poland. While the Soviets developed their offensive toward the south- western Ukraine escape routes through Vinnitsa and their advance toward Sarny eve them vic- cuiting those routes in much less time. uui in coast at L-ape an uu-i tr A TXTr-in.T nl confirmed Berlin radio broadcast HARLttGElv Shipments Captuie of Sarny would virtu- broaclcas' of Tokyo reported. On New the Japanese radio the defenders defi- nitely are inferior to the Allied in- vaders. Cheaper Shoes May Be Sold Point Free Valley citrus fruits shot past the 12 000-car mark Thursday _____ grapefruit shipments by rail setting to divert all north and move'- ers swept in to attack Stett.n. The Luftwaffe was double-crossed. Pack after pack ol Germsr. fighters streaked toward Berlin. The less as the air ministry termed prompted one RAF sta- tion commander to Germans have become rattled whenever our bombers ap-i DALLAS The Office of proach that Berl.n comes first andjPuce Administration announced the rest a long way j Thursday that from Janjary 19 to The sky was clear over 29 15 per cent of the re- tail stocks of shoes on hand Janu- WAIT 1 LaU SLUCttS Ui bllUCi UJL UcUlU ucuiu- so RAF pathfinders changer their 16 wbich retall for or less tJlftlfC atlrl I J tactics and dropped visual mark- ers which lit up the targets like daylight. i will be ration free. The action was said Harold a near record for the season. There were 134 cars of grape- j a circuitous route. At the fruit shipped out by rail Thursday Red army was only 260 miles air compared to a season record of 141 cars moved one day last month. A total of cars of citrus fruits have moved out by rail and truck as compared to to this date last season. A breakdown of the shipments for the two seasons 1943-44 1942-43 5.738 cars ca s Grapefruit Oranges Mixed Citrus. Total rail Total truck Grand total ..12.027 1.139 district OPA price having got the port light-' to permit stores to clear. Killed m ActlOn ed up target indicators1 broken special sizes were laid so tne main foice would' outmoded styles. Ordered To Evacuate Bessarabia Usually reliable diplomatic quarters said Thursday that Marshal Ion dic- tator of had ordered evacuation of all civilians from in the path of the Rus- sian and that a state ap- proaching panic was developing in both Rumanian and Bulgnan gov- know exactly where to flier said. At the same Carmicnael I witn permission I of may freeze and mark 15 _ secret radio station Allan-i per cent ot their stocks off shoes northwest ernmental lett one and hit on tne and otners wreck- Friday TIDES H'gh at 12 53 ___ _.__ at s 41 n m. and 10 24 p m. ed by near misses Little change is In- '.he rhcr dur.ng the next 12 8 19 am. FRIDAY. 6 54 p m. Franco Has Praise ritilJAY. 6 54 p m. r- PI f -II tempera- For Slav Guerrillas i inunst temperature1 law 24 rain during at 7 30 p.in MADRID Generalissimo Higher Potato Price Is Asked By Farmers County potato asserting that OPA base prices on potatoes did not al- low a sufficient margin of profit to pay Thursday called Ui old a----------41 Mo_ ______43 _5J D. c________41 heard in New York said that persons had been killed in the Stettin and that many other victims still were lying in collapsed air raid shelters. The homeless estimated to total 60.000 or Reports from Stockholm Thurs- day said that Berlin rescue squads after 30 hours had succeeded in freeing 300 persons who were traoped in the shelters of Adolf Hitler's Reichschancellor when it was blasted in Monday's RAF at- tack on Berlin. MERCEDES Jasper Anthony first U. S. has been killed in ac- Nazis Admit Reds Winning Situation In Russia Said Very Critical Switzerland The Berlin press openly acknowledged Thursday that the situation in Russia was as bomb-smashed German capital was rife with theories that a British. American invasion of the west might be timed to coincide with the peak of the Soviet winter of- fensive. The present Russian onslaught has not yet reached full scale be- cause of unfavorable man military commentators con- implying to the public that worse news is to follow the Ger- man retreats already in progress. Take Necessary Measures The Berlin correspondent of Swiss paper Tribune de Geneve wrote that military men already had announced taking all neces- sary means to the Rus- directloii'it but that if these Marshes to protect its right flank the Germans risked to all the way to Brest-Litovsk. i lose the gamed 'n German broadcasts said the Rus- 1 since 1941 sian Ukrainian armies had opened While th.s is one of the most direct still another offensive in the statements on the lighting yet per- Dnieper Bend and that the great- to come cut the Gerrian armies in for- mer Poland in forcing them ment through Brest-Litovsk along line from Warsaw and if it elected to concentrate its attacks in that esl tank battles of the winte-- were .11 Papers stressing the that situation is not for all raging on the approaches of Krivoii Rog and Kirovograd where Nazi garrisons now were in peril of saying reserves ing isolated. The Russian commu- stl11 were strong nique made no mention of this sec- it being the Soviets' policy not to report new operations until they are favorably under way. along the bulging main Reich. While Germans speculated when the Allies would invade in tho the Berlin radio an- lat Marshal Erwin Rom- stretching from Rakitno. 148 miles west of at its northwest cor- defenses in the it was practices and from the Navy Jasper Anthony the gajns_ whicn would at or less and sell to retailers who will be permitted to sell them ration-free after January 29. Tested Successfully DETROIT VPh- A new glider' ol Donna has been killed in action No other details were available. Donna Soldier Killed DONNA Pvt. Procopic Perez in the Mediterranean accord- capaoje 01 carrying su troops ana in me jvicun.ciioin.on with clearance to transport two ing to an announcement released jeeps was successfully tested at the Ford Airport in Deaiborn Thurs- day. by the War Department. Mrs. Teresa his is listed as nearest of kin. Greatest Sea-And-Sky Fleet In World To Continue Expanding Through Year 194-7 inni ivnrn-tprt new i again proved the high repoited new I Qf training and that the divisions are ready for the Other Invasion Items Other items The BBC broadcast in the name of the Allied command asking Bel- gians to stay at home when mili- tary operations lest they obstruct Allied air forces attacking German communications. The Bel- gians were advised to dig slit trenches and shelters for selves. A report from German-held Za- said strong units On the westernmost and widest segment of the stretch of 83 Red army captured Miropol in a 12-mile westward drive and seven intervening- sta- tions to clear out a 42-mile slretch of the railroad from fallen Berdichev toward Shepctovka. At Miropol the Russians were only 26 miles east of Shepetovka It- a funneling point of the German escape railroad from the Russian Bug River through Sarny. Francisco speaking to lead-i on the Department of Agriculture ers of the Spanish Army at El to investigate what they termed the Pardo Palace pointed to I price spread between producer and the Jugoslav Guerrilla forces fight-j ing Germany as an example ofj valor. who long suppoited Ger- many and has recently mov- ed from on the Axis side to the pur- ported to favor neither in the The Valley's sec-ition war. His government has carlot of frozen vegetables'more made some conciliatory shipped _ It_consist- three towards the Allies in recent including publication of Allied as well as Axis war news some weeks ago Second Cor Of Frozen Vegetables Is Shipped great- est sea-and-sky fleet in the world has plans to go on expanding through it was disclosed Thursday night shortly after a top Navy official called for post-war i maintenance of the Navy I guarantor of world peace. For reasons of military the 1944 program was not but it was stated that naval ship construction alone will total eight billion dollars according to present as H4 billion dollars moro The Office War Information that the I than in 1943. j The disclosures followed an ad- dress in York by Under-Sec- of the Navy James V. For- in which he I in Spanish newspapers. ables. A car of frozen spinach moved which the United States Navy is now in process of OWI included in a report on gen- eral munitions cutback a review of Navy plans which showed that ship construction plans have been pro- jected ahead through 1947. Air craft plans go through 1945. The Navy's 1944 cutbacks were mainly shifts from defensive to offensive as illustrated in a switch from destroyer-escorts A jump of 60 ii.maun.y. 11 consist- three years 1945 through 1947 and ed of a carload of mixed veget-' the same period about 405 pd_ I .Tal. into tne future our own to invasion craft. trol and more thrn 60PI national security must have as its per cent in fighter and bomber auxiliary and land-1 first foundation the maintenance output is projected for 1941 over 'of the great sea and air power 1943. Red army troops who arove the last Germans out of Berdichev Wednesday found that the Nazis in their tenure since 1941 had slaugh- tered all of the Jews which predom- inated in the city's popula- adding another vicious war crime to the massacres of Kiev and Kharkov. Pounding southwestward along a front grown to 90 the Soviets swept into 23 miles northeast of Vinnitsa and 41 miles northeast of junctions on the last two German railroads out of the Ukraine. Soviet spear- heads were reported In Moscow dispatches to be within 20 miles of Vinnitsa on the east after ad- vancing from Ocheretnya which ing was cautured Wednesday. In attacks toward thc ol the U. S. Seventh and British First Armies were concentrating at for an invasion of the Balkans. Turk Congratulated On His 54th Child By United Press A Turkish peasant of southeast married 12 times and still living with eight of his ii receiving congratulations on the birth of his 54th the German DNB agency said Thurs- day under an Istanbul dateline in a broadcast recorded by the United Press In New York. Reports did not indicate the sex of the child. Of his other chil- Vatutin's troops drove three miles I 18 were girls and 38 continued n c.L 1 newspapers said
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