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Galveston Daily News Newspaper Archive: November 16, 1921 - Page 1

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   Galveston Daily News (Newspaper) - November 16, 1921, Galveston, Texas                                80TH 220. TEXAS' OLDEST NEWSPAPER GALVESTON. TEXAS WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 16. 1921. TEXAS' OL.DEST NEWSPAPER ESTABLISHED 1842. QUESTION OF TWENTY YEARS' STANDING STILL REMAINS TO BE ANSWERED. ITS DEFECTS HE Plans That May Be Agreed Upon; Batting Record of Legislature on Amendments. BY TOM FIXTY JIU In November. 1919. only two years ago, the people of Texas voted down a proposal to hold a constitutional convention in ordvr that a nc-w con- stitution might be made for this state. Nevertheless agitation for a new constitution is heard. There is marvelous in tMs. nor pecu- liar. Mr. Jefferson said that every senc-ration ought to write its own constitution. Two generations have passed since the constitution of Tex- as was written. "VVi'.hin recent years a number of tho states have adopted new constitutions or have revised the old constitutions through con- ventions. Constitutional conven- tions arc now sitting In Illinois and Louisiana. In many other states agitation for constitutional conven- tions is in progress. Responsive to these movements, the National Civic Federation a year ago set up a committee to draft a state constitution. This com- mittee is lo make a tentative report at the annual meeting of the asso- ciation In Chicago this week. This model constitution as It now stands, is almost wholly confined to netting up the framework of the government and la devoid of legislation. Aside from the reservations contained in the bill of rights, it contains only one limitation and but one direction. Notwithstanding the vote of 1519. there seems to bo warrant for as- serting that the need of a new con- stitution in Texas is universally felt, and that the proposal was rejected because of the manner in which the legislature went at the thingr. Of this, more anon. Efforts have been made to patch up the existing constitution through the amendment process, but most of these have proven futile. Criticism of the constitution, much of it war- ranted, has brought about a con- tempt for the constitution that is ncf warranted. Why the The clamor for a new constitution In Texas began at a special session of ths legislature In 19dl. It waa said then and It is yet said, that the constitution is archaic, that !t does not fit conditions as It did tho conditions of 1ST6, the year of Its adoption. Students who have looked deeper aver that It did not well fit the conditions of 1876. for evidence of what they point to the fact that many of its limitations were not sound in the earlier con- When the constituticnal convention of JS7S assembled! Texas had just emerged from reconstruc- tion and carpetbag dnys, when pow- er had been abupeu and extrava- gnnc'.' ran riot. The delegates, fear- ful that the government might again be wrested from the people, loaded the new constitution with limita- tions lo hoptle the carpetbagger! should they regain power._ Governor Cnko. in his sooond inaugural ad- dress, shortly following the adopt- IMTIATIVE IN FAR EAST PROBLEM TO BE TAKEN BY U. S. AT PARLEY STATE COMMISSIONER ASSS NEARLY IS IN-! THEY FORGET DIFFER- VOLVED IN REDUCTIONS ENCES AWHILE. OF HATT. PAY. (Continued on Page 2, Column .1) Inspectors Find That All Is Not Rosy in Some Factories They Visit. Special to The News. Austin, Tex., Nov. 15.- -Joseph FLfiT II PER CENT Notices Sent Out by Mail by 75 Lines; "Big Five" Plans Opposition. ONE FRIEND, AT LEAST By the United News. Chicago, 111.. Nov. S. Myers, commissioner of labor, j road oxecutives. East and West, today made public an appeal to all Texas employers and employes to forego all labor disputes between Thanksgiving and Christmas to the end that there be no strikes, no lockouts and no trouble, and. that on the morning of the festival of the Nativity there be in fact "peace on earth, good will toward men." Mr. Myers shapes his appeal in the form of a resolution that he asks all neutral organizations to adopt, r.s well as the employers and the employes, asking for this industrial armistice. Also, in the end, he thinks, there will be a much better feeling between capi- tal and labor in Texas; that the hiatus in labor disputes will en- able both sides to better under- stand the problems of the other. Mr. Myers does not ask that his exact resolution be adopted, but that its substance be approved. He also asks that the press and the ministers lend their aid in pro- ara sending out notices of pro- posed wage cuts totaling approxi- mately These .notices were put in the mails today by seventy-five class A lines, including all the big transcontinental and sectional sys- tems. The notices call for a flat 10 per cent cut on current wages of all train service big five reduc- tions of from 15 to 40 per cent on other classes, of labor, which, it is planned, are' to be paid at the prevailing rate of like trades in outside industry- The executives plan to cut com- mon labor, now paid from 35c to 48c an hour, to from 20c to ,30c per depending- on current rates for labor in various parts of the country. "Bis Five" Pinna "War. "While the executives were taking- this action, executives and general chairmen of two were In session big brotherhoods here evolving a method .of combating this latest move of their employers. Details of .a resolution notifying the ISbor moting the proposed era of statements of SHERIFF FEARS LYNCHING AND RACE RIOT AFTER MAN IS KILLED. Is TTir NVws. Austin, Tox., Nov. a race riot will result from the murder of a white man ;iy a negro. (who is still at large, the sheriff of Smith County today wired the adjutant general's department for rangers to aid la keeping down nny disorder that may occur. The nopro is helnc closoly pursued hy a posse of armed citizens, and the sheriff fears that the Mack will be lynched should lie taken by a mob. In that event thcro. may ho an upris- ing by the negroes, the sheriff tears. Rangers have heon ordored to the scene. and good will. What Dispute Would Do. In discusing tho situation Mr. Myers said: "Our Inspectors have been going into a aumber of pi ants- in Texas and we find that all Is not rosy: that the present depression is being felt In industry to such an ex- tent that some -of the factories are barely running. Regardless, of and grievances of the past the employer and the employes should know any jar today. might close the doors of the" institu- tion and thereby deny meat and bread to all Involved' irom the floor sweeper to the general manager. "We cannot consider the past now. It Is tho present and the future that concerns us most and that Is what I am endeavoring to impress j upon nil those who will aid us in bringing about a better feeling." "It Is true." continued Mr. Myers. "that most of the factories did make big money during the war, but the. war is over and they have not been making money since. It Is also true that some branches of labor were ac- of being exacting' and avaric- ious and suspicious of their employ- ers. but that time has passed to a large extent and the men are more and more realizing the change in commercial conditions. But, -unfort- unately, some on both sides have not appreciated the fact that the war' is at an end and have kept up the bick- erings and accusations. That agita- tion should stop, in fact, should nave been stopped some time ago. "N'early every mail brings litera- to my office showing that in numbers of places the employers and the employes arc still suspicious of the other and stand ready to wage nn Industrial fight that could only Injure both sldos and mean suffering to all concerned. It is a most un- fortunate situation during this par- ticular period when business is not what It wns and my purpost in ap- pealing is to bring those people to a sense of the actual conditions so thnt they may compose their differ- j onccs and find a common ground to live and work together." I Stipcontx ThlK Rmotution. The form of resolution suggested by Mr. Myers for general adoption in Texas is as follows: j "We hold that strikes between ia- bor and capital are like wars be- twetm they both bring suf- fvrinsr and privation to the parties often injury to the in- liocont public. "Wo view with alarm the growing unrest and bitterness In our indus- trial llfo. Charges and counter clinrRos of wrongdoing nro bring hurled back and forth between em- ployers and employes, causing in- distrust and hatred, and giv- ing agitators and extremists greater opportunity to harm to peaceful and efficient industrial conditions. "We respectfully and earnestly nugprcflt that fcr the period begin- ning wHh Thanksgiving Day and ending Christmas Day that there be no strikes, lockouts or labor dis- pute's in Texas. That efforts be put forth by individual employers and employes to have friendly got-to- gothor meetings, nnd thereby bring the minimum that will b6 Acceptable to the men, as well as working rules, being worked out. emphasis is laid by the ex- ecutives on wages.- In the notices mailed employes, are also asked to meet with the rail chiefs on working rules. Xo' immediate application of the .wage scales contained in the notices "of the-carriers is intended. The em- ployes are given formal thirty-day notice that the railroads intend to put .the. reductions into effect. The employes will appeal "to the railroad labor and the question will then be a controversy and within the jurisdiction of the board. Hearings will have to bo held and a decision rendered, but the quick action the roads are taking in pushing their demands makes it obvious that they expect action at a' comparatively early date. Cut Reaches If the roads had asked a flat 10 per cent cut on all classes of labor it would total annually. But, according- to railroad experts, the added reductions to be asked In the shop, maintenance of way and common labor classes will easily add another hundred million to the total. This sum does not take into con- sideration the hundreds of millions of dollars the roads hope to escape paying through the medium of work- ing rules governing overtime and other questions. If the roads were successful on ail points in conten- tions before the labor board within the next six months, the sum they are seeking to slice from operating expenses would easily total half a billion. It is for this reason that the broth- erhoods are already starting their machinery to plans of the carriers. lint Galvopton. Tex.. Nov. Forecast till 7 p. m., Wodnos- Uay: For Gnlvonton and Cloudy and somewhat nnH'-t- tlod Wednesday. part- ly rlmnly, continued warm; Thursday, unsettled, roldor In north portion. Ba.it un- ?oulcd. cloudy, continued wnrm; Thursday, unscltlod, colder in the Interior. part cloudy, rold.-r in tin- I'nnlinn- dlo; Thursday, partly cloudy, colder, TIIHY N'KVRR COME. rpHE brldgos Uml. I've often I ornsso.-] Fio.fr.ro thoi- onmo In night. Havo noon of mimy, many ItJnds; Boon irrny nr black, or whlto, I fnnrlrd mnny brutish ones. Ai.'fl mnny cmtld nut nnmc. I'vo hod my troubles, hut Tho. worm imos never inmo1 V. Riish. CHARGES MADE AGAINST AT- TORNEY GENERAL AND SUPREME JUSTICE, By Associated Press. Boston, Mass.. Nov. 15. Attorney General J. Weston Allen, a justice of the state supreme court, whose name has not been officially an- nounced. and "W. Edin Ulmer, an at- torney of this city, were named in secret indictments returned today by the Suffolk County grand jury. about more harmonious rolntlons. "Wo furthermore inquest the press, _. and ministers to lend their influence general Is larceny of and is The charge against tho attorney to the movement. "Wo earnestly hope that it bo said on tho morning of that mn.st sacred day. n few weeks hence, that thoro Is 'peace on earth, good will to inoii' rruciiASKs TWO TA.MC FAIIMR MSAII MBXIA Special t.n The Ncwn. Moxla. Tex., Nov. Mag- nolia Petroleum Company has pur- chased two moro. tank farms. One farm of 17f. acroa joins tho Wells tank farm just to tho south of Moxia on which tho Magnolia already h.as completed a number of tanks. Tho other tract of 150 ncrrs Joins Its Shlpp tank farm near IIAI.K IXTKI1KST B5 ACHKS AT MttXIA. VALUED AT to Tho Moxia, Tex., Nov. C. Tur- man and Roy .tonkins have boon of- toroil J.inn.OOO for a half Inlo.roat In tholr flrty-cvo-acro. Inglrhart loase located at tho ochool by tlm Texas Company. said to bo. based on a case in which he actud as counsel several years ago. Tho olhor indictments wore on ovi- doncc distinct from that -against the attorney gonoral. They resulted from a grand jury investigation of charges of bribery nnd graft in con- nection with tho of the "Wa- bnn Rose conservatories tho Honry Woods Sons Company, paint manufacturers in Wellosloy. Tho cnsc? wore presented to the grand through the office of District Attorney Josoph C. Felle- who was himself in court to- day as a defendant In disbarment proceedings, brought by tho attor- now general. Tho disbarment action nr.il s petition also filed by Attorney Oonor.il Allon for Pcllotlor's ro- nioval for nllogod imprpper use of his official position, nro' now pend- ing boftvro tho .supi'cmo court. The district attorney asked for postponement of both actions until after tho municipal elections nn Doc. 13, on tho. ground thnt Ire would bo grontly occupied until that timo by his activities ns a candidate for mayor of Boston CHEHR. UP, I'M YOUR FRIEND" AMERICAN PLAN i FUNDAMENTAL IS MADE DISCUSSION OF PROBLEM BE- POnCY .I GINS DELEGATES THIS MORNING. WITH RESERVATIONS. Japs Want Bigger Navy; English Desire Fewer Snips; Far East Is Looming. By Associated Press. Washington, Nov; 15. The sleeping American proposal for reduction of naval armament' be- came the accepted fundamental policy of the -armament confer- ence today by the unanimous as- sent of the five great povers. Seconding the bold lead of the United States, the accredited spokesmen of Great Britain, Ja- pan, Italy and France rose in iheir places at today's plenary session of the conference and one after an- other declared the readiness of their governments to accept- the American proposal in spirit and in principle, but with .the reservation Japan Declines to Take Initiative Because It Might Wreck Conference. BY ItOBEKT J. HEXDER, United News Staff Correspondent .Washington, Nov. right, 19-21, by the United News.) will take the initiative" in setting forth principles for so- lution of Far .Eastern questions, even as she'did in the matter of armament limitation.. Secretary Hughes' procedure, .how.ever, will. be different in .that the advance; at least toward this intricate prob-J. lem will be made behind doors. Discussion begins Wed- nesday morning among the dele- gates of all nine powers interested of a right to suggest-modifications i in the' Pacific. of detail. I Expectancy over a Far Eastern Then the problem of these de- tails, which everyone realizes may yet occupy ,the prolonged atten- tion of the conference and involve the success or the failure of the formula, aroused from Hughes', bold stroke of Saturday, was fol-r" lowed by disappointment and un-'. certainty in some quarters -when, Says Dispenser Of Beer to 111! By the United N'ows. pily. she said, "was simply immense." Mrs. Piszchzek owns a drug store and it was there Tuesday that the first line formed at the right for medicinal beer. Jack Scheiderer, an invalid of sin- gular cheeriness, was the first pa- tient. in the United States to re' ceive a twenty-four-bottle case of real beer. The price was Behind Scheiderer was a lint of. ailing, who. despite their infirmi- ties, showed considerable alacrity in u-Mrs. PARTIAL COMMITTEE REPORTS MADE; .WORK ORGANIZED ON-MAINLAND. pushing forward with their pre- scriptions. "WTien the supply ran out, thirty- five, persons holding prescriptions, and who had been partially conva- lescent until Informed that "that's all there is; there isn't any seemed on the verge of complete col- lapse. UBGAL BATTLE ox WILL BE STAGED BY "Washington, Nov. new le- ga.1 battle over prohibition Is in prospect. This time it will be about beer. Big brewers are preparing to contest the legality of the anti-beer bill, passage of which is expected in congress on Friday. They will argue that nothing in the eighteenth amendment confers on congress the authority to of beer as medicine any more than wine or whisky may be prohibited by statute for similar use. The treasury, meantime, is pre- paring a new set of beer regula- tions, forbidding Its use as medi- cine. These will trke the place of those recently issued telling under ons beer r prescrlptl WOMEN ARK CHOSKX Official Red Cross headquarters in the Tremont Hote'l ha ye enrolled to date 500 members in the fifth annual roll call of the.American Red Cross. Ordinarily this .would seem- a small number to register their .faith in.the "greatest little mother in the in view of the and the desired goal, but committees are working steadily toward 100 per cent reports and but few partial re- ports .have been received. According 'to Robert Tevis. in charge of the home office, the num- .ber tabulated at headquarters does not mean that only that number of Galvestonians have affiliated with the Red Cross, but it shows that there is lots of work ahead of the Red Cross volunteers, and that there are many who could answer .the'roll call who have not yet done so. Committees are anxious to expe- dite the local appeal as much as pos- sible, and to that end urge a readv response.' -Added yesterday to the names of the 100 per cent organiza- tions enrolled was that of Hutchinprs Scaly making the fourth 100 per cent organization in the city. Many of the women's organizations are working hard to this end. and are expected to report soon. Mr. Tevis also declares that it is surprising how many families are enrolling 100 per cent, being, he said, a forceful recollection of war time days, when each member considered it an obligation to be a Red Cross member. J. A. Boddeker. county chairman, M. C. St. John and Tom B. Black- stone visited mainland points yester- day armed with Red Cross literature, supplies and instructions, and or- ganized in the various county towns. The campaign has been somewhat rhs.t conditions beer might be made delayed 'because of the lack of suf- nd sold on prescription. ficient supplies. An -S. .O. S." call v has been sent to Southwestern head- quarters for additional literature and buttons atid it is expected that those will arrive within a few days. Pawnbrokers Say Prohibition Has ss delegates re- tee of five technical naval advis- j mained silent on this phase'of ers, one from each, of the big five I conference at Tuesday's open ses- powers.. Within this committee, j sion .__i. :_ .__.ill J _ It develops, however, Hughes understands this, and that there is a strong belief among .the three powers. mainly 'concerned.'' thai-' the approach-.'shpuid not be. made in a public gathering. Mig-ht Upset Conference. Reports that japan would take the initiative on this question met with i the- reply that' Japan could not af- ford to. put forth her offer before Hughes, because, however tory it'might be on the distressing, there would; be the chance that It might create a ask the limit proposed on submarine ton- nage, Japan will endeavor to prove her right to a greater ratio of na- val strength. has been; Bug-, 'gestei- 'VFrah'ce" and' IjEaly .that; their naval along witH those of the stronger naval pow- ers the American plan. First Victory'Won. Thus the diplomacy of the lean delegation' has won its first victory in the conference, but still finds itself confronted .with ques- people .of the-United -States'tions of .admitted importance and furore of opposition and wreck the OX PATTY AnnUCKLE JURY By Associated San Francisco. C-i end of the second (Jziy in Lhe man- slaughter trial of Roscoe C. (Fatty) Arbucklc, saw eleven temporary' jurors In the box, and the general interest in the jury selection dwin- dling. Five of those selected were women. Them was nothing in the sessions to give them more interest j than the ordinary criminal action.' Arbuckle's attitude was of such i doep apparent dejection that he ro-j malncd almost aloof. Ho did not consult with counsel and at the re- cess periods remained by himself. I Tho supplies received Monday al- ready have been exhausted. Becoming more'.prosperous as a result, .of -prohibition; if statements made .by Galvestoh pawnbrokers may taken as indicative of the general condition existing'through- out the.nation. Since July 1, when the Volstead regime of sup- posed went into -effect loan business conducted in Galves- ton-has shown a decided decrease and some of; the pawnbrokers say that unless more people drift into hard luck very soon, the loan busi- ness will become a shadow on the dim horizon of the past. In Galveston today there are seven shops displaying the three -golden balls, which in addition to making advances on jewelry and other goods, carry a stock of new goods in order _ that by their sale they may main- i tain an existence. Formerly there were, more than a dozen pawnbrok- ers here, engaged exclusively in making- loans. But the world moves continually, especially under the im- petus of prohibition, and pawnbrok- ers nowadays declare themselves ex- ceedingly lucky if they can make as many loans in one week as they did during a day two or three years ago. Small loans still are sought from Galveston pawnbrokers, and al- though business conditions are con- sidered to be at a low ebb at the present time due to unemployment, very few people are pawning their jewels. Most of those who hav-B pa- tronize'd loan shops in the past, year have sold their articles outright, pawnbrokers say. If the latter statement of tha pawnbrokers is to be considered as consistent with the other statement, that prohibition has affected their business, it would soem to show that the amount that one formerly received when he pawned his jewels is not sufficient to pay the cost of liquid refresh- ments today; rather, it takes the en- tire value of the articles to purchase the bootlegger's product. I delicacy, whose solution Is requi- (Continued on Page 2, Column 2) REDUCTION IN LAND FORCES WOULD LEFT HEAVY BUR- DEN "OF TAXES. KKSOLttTIOX TO STOP XAVAI, COX.STRUCTIOX IXTROIHTKU By Press. Washington, Nov. resolu- tion directing the secretary of the navy to stop all work and expendi- tures on nine battleships and six battle cruisers now in various singes of construction at private gov- ernment shipyards was introduced today by Representative Brit.ton, Il- linois, ranking republican on the house, naval committee. DEED OF TRANSFER TO BABY IS ANNULLED BY MOTHERS' AGREEMENT Special to The News.. Houston, Tex.. Nov. deed filed yesterday through which nil rights and interests in a 3-weoka-old baby wore transferred from its mother for S1Q and other considerations was today canceled. The adopted mother and the boy's renl mother called on Judge Walter K. Monteith this morning and requested that tho order of the court, papers of adoption and the "hill of sale" used to mnke triply the transfer of the care anO custody of the baby, be canrolctj, sivins n.s their renaons thnt the trans- action had received HO much publicity that they feared tho child's future would suffer, n.s ho would go through life with tho of having boon sold for Judge Mont.'i'.h 'rr-mpliod v-lth tho request, nml now the bnfcy Is back in his mother's arms. JTULSAMAN TRADES OVERCOAT AT MEXTA FOR OIL LEASE Special to The News, Mexia, Tex.. Nov. leases are paid for with money or with oil, but here is a deal In which the consideration was an overcoat. ultimate settlement- Delicate questions more or less embarrassing to all the powers con- cerned clutter up the whole 'Pacific phase of the conference, and such is the extreme gratification among the delegates at the warm reception and assurance of co-operation given in connection with the Hughes naval proposal that all are concerned lest I unnecessary friction! be created in approaching: Par Eastern questloris- As one authority expressed him- self to the writer, "There exists to- day as good a chance for a satisfac- tory solution of Pacific problems as for a successful working: out of the naval proposal if disr cussion is to quiet ex- change of views and there is not too much fireworks. All interested parties to this troublesome phase of the conference are ready, with i concessions to Insure Its success, providing there is no outside inter-: ference." BY. MARK 1. GOODWIST, Staff Correspondent of The Washington, Nov. of congress who contended for a standing army in the United States, following the war. no larger than see possibilities in the arms In conference resulting in reductions desire of the delegates to keep ap- In other countries to the point of proach at least to the Far Eastern meeting their national police, rims questions in star chamber sessions.. only. I Once there Is an understanding and It is pointed out that this would j agreement on principles, these prob- lift no small load off the people, j ably will be openly announced by which, with the hoped-for, naval re- Hughes in plenary session. Star Chamber Sessions. a word, this will explain the ductlons. would reduce the world's war bill materially. One of the chief arguments, however, of the small army advocate's in congress has been that co long as the nation has a navy of sufficient size to guarantee protection from the. outside, there was no need %f a large land force. It is realized that the require- of some of the European countries, France for instance, can not be applied to the United States, and, as pointed out today, these The American delegation, it may- be said, had just as concrete an idea of its solution of the Pacifjc. phase of the conference as it has In proaching armament limitation. Its i framework is said to comprise a sett of principles providing for the poll- j tical integrity of Russia and the "open door" or, equal commercial' rights and opportunities for all na- tions in the Orient. Once this set: of principles is agreed .to "in spirit" as the American naval program r countries will probably require some has now been agreed to by all the' new proirram. This would throw a large number of people back into the world's pro- ductive avenues, added to which would result the thoughts of peace place of war. This idea was brought forward by Representative Marvin Jones of Texas, one of the chief contenders of the army appropriation bill and of a resolution directing the admin- istration to reduce the land forces. "Anything that will take the minds of the people off of war is of material aid to the general peace movement." said Mr. Jones. "In other words, if we can get the six- shooter once unloaded, the people I plication of these principles. Because such application, how- ever, would involve relaxation by- Japan of certain political and com- i mercial holds she now has upon China and Russia, the problem Is one of extreme international deli- cacy and can not be approached with the abruptness, it is contend- Last-evening being very cool. f Karstetter, an oil operator from the moral force of the world made ry Tulsu, Ok., walked into the lobby of a local hotel wearinfr an expen- rive: overcoat and with the natural disposition of an oil man to trade when a bargain is offered, cncoun- trred L. C. Turman, who is drilling I the InRlehart lease and who also owns some leases located near the Meador well. Turman. In the need of an ovei- I coat for the evening, pointed out on his map a lease where prices are ranging about nn acre and of- fered a one-acre lease for the over- coat. The deal promptly con- summated and both operators went on their way. to abandon the ulterior purpose. "A nation does not need an over- whelming force on its frontier if the other nation will ntar.A fast in an international gentlemen's agree- ment. Witness the situation along the Canadian line, where there has not been pointed a gun in our di- rection for more tbnn n century. That Is the outgrowth of a treaty between tho United States nnd Eng- land and is a practical Illustration of the policy hoped for through the arms conference. On the other hand v.-ltncss tho Mexican bord'r. Suffi- cient to say of that if tho United States -vas to withdraw its force oveiyone knows what would happen. The nnly difference in the iwo situa- tions is thnt tho people of Canada want enduring. pnace. and the peo- I pic of Mexico apparently do not. ed, that instituted the naval pro- gram, which was relatively free from any such delicate matters. To Reassure Japan. The principles themselves would have to be cai-eTully studied by Japan. If they were suddenly launched she might be placed in the embarrassing position of witnessing acceptance by Kngland and the oth- er powers while she was unable to respond so readily because of her vastly greater vital Interests. This would make her ap.pcar hesitant on such a program at the outset and might, it is contended, wreck all chance of solution. So the producer in discussion Pacific problems will be established with an eye to reassuring Japnn of the full co-operation of all the pow- ers in meeting questions which Jcpan feels place hor very oxlstcnoD as a first-clsu's power at atake.   

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