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Civilian And Gazette: Tuesday, January 26, 1858 - Page 1

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   Civilian And Gazette (Newspaper) - January 26, 1858, Galveston, Texas                                J*-..�-�/�......-    �00 .. ... ,�rta�,�Hif�tteiw* raaskSWlseqssat Insertion-i mad* ob yearly ad>artfiwz*�BtSAnd wtitaa wy thefaaftar or year. BoUpMttodu en. ______Jveljfertae" Weekly will be 4w�uAon; and* liberal discount made on |WTarU�aineourorboUitk*eit7aad�oanti7pap�r( ' *�jJaMb�6rtb�ra at a dWaaee nay auk* remittance* I oar rl�k, by�aU- TUESDAY, JANUARY 19, 1858. The steamer Neptune, P. J. Menard, master, ar-rifci lest nlgfat from Houston with the following pmepgtn . Messrs. Stanley fleer, Oopen, Feirman, Strong, Saber, Feltoo, Ewen, Hooper, Beed, Whitney, Frenob, Kendall, Banna, Grlss, Wiliken,Dickinson, Hoggins, Charles, Miss Fuller, Boltin and lady, Bydnor, Jenny, Ball, 1 on deck and 2 horses. , pfT the steamship Charles Morgan, H. Place commander, arrived last (Monday) evening, in 84 boon from New Orleans, with the United States mail.     _ _m _ Th� Texas Baptist.-The first cambers of this Sew organ of the Baptist Church In Texas have some to hand. The editor is Bev. Geo. W. Bainee; Assistant editors, Bev. B. H. Taliaferro and W. E. Stokes. The Baptist is a large, well-filled, and finely printed paper, and reflects credit upon editors, printers," and the Church to whose interest it is devoted. Hinia.-Tie receipts from Texas, at Boston, week ending December 81, were only 367, and for the half month 1,609. Texas hides were quoted at Boston at 18@14ota. on aix months time. We nptlce sales at New York of 600 Texas and Western 88fta'.,iSo. 6 mos., rejecting bad hides; also 2,076 Texas, S6 lbs., 18Ji@14c., 6 mos., rejecting bad hides.1 ., atmptrae Cotton Is now 8&cts. per Ib. leas than it was a year ago, at New Orleans; bnt three fourths of a cent more than it was two yean ago. Boon and Show.-Tie total oleared from Boston for Galveston in all Deoember was bnt 60 cues, and for New Orleans 12. 1 We receive, occasionally, some rlob specimens of lelter-writeing and hnmorons notices. We append the following, from an individual to whom we have furnished the Civilian for three years and who has never paid a cent of subscription. He oom-plalns of high charges 11 Moscow Tins. January 6 1888 Messrs Editors Sirs your need not send your paper to me any longer for I am not a going to stand your way of charging so you need not send me any more copies if you do I will not take them ont of the offioe JOHN BEEKIN8 ty The barque Golden Age, arrived at New Jttrk the 18th and the brig Empire the 12th inst. r� i ��� i        - BESOJLVTIONS. Adopted hy the Demoeratie State Convention of Texas. Suolved, That the Democratic party of the State of Texas heartily concur in, and unanimously reaffirm the principles of the Democratic party of the Union and the Constitution, as embodied in the platform of the National Democratic Convention, held In Cincinnati, tn June, 1866, and the State Convention of Texas,-at Waoo,1 on the 4th of May, 1867, as a true expression of their political faith and opinion, believing tbem to embrace the only doctrines which can preserve the integrity of the Union and the equal rights of the States. Siuolvtd, That recent events in the United StateB Senate create in our minds a serious apprehension that the great doctrine of Non-intervention, as set forth in that platform, is in danger of being repudiated by Congress throoch the instrumentality of members of the National Democratio Party, distinguished alike for their politioal Influence over tbe public sentiment of the North, and their past declarations in favor of said doctrine, and that we now oonsider it our duty to set forth to the country the Course that we shall be compelled to take in tbst serious and deplorable emergency. Resolved, That we request tbe representatives of the people of Texas, in Legislature assembled, to provide, at the present session, for the Executive of the State appointing suitable Delegates to a Convention of Southern States, whioh may be hereafter assembled for the purpose of consultation and advice for the general welfare of tbe institutions of the South. Tbe Brownsville Case. This esse came up in New York, before tbe Supreme Conrt, on the' 6th instant. We extract the � �foi!l"'',*'"ff('t' fro*** the Herald. "HMrf'"* Mussina and Simon Muuina vs. Charles JPiShltmiinr Samuel A- Melden and others.-This was a Bait to test the title to a large tract of laud in Texas, on which the town of Brownsville is now located. It appears that in 1846 the United States army encamped on the left bank of the Bio Grande, sear Port Brown, whioh is now called Brownsville. Tbe plaintiffs purchased a site, deeming it to be likely to prove one that wonld be, at a future day,  oommeroial focus.  They subsequently formed a copartnership with the defendants. The parties then set up a newspaper, called tbe American Flag, on whioh the plaintiffs expended a great deal of money, in order to keep it in existence, and by it to advanoethe interests of tbe embryo city of Brownsville. The agreements were not, however, In -Writing, and It 1t alleged that two of the defendants, lawyers in TexeBj named Basse and Hord, together with another defendant, named Belden, induced a Mexican, | named Geradozaa, and his wife, to contest the title in the United States Court of Texas. By some sharp Sraotioe 1h the Conrt of Texas, as it is alleged, a J efault was taken and plaintiffs were outsted out of the property, which is said to be worth *6u0,000.- The plaintiffs commenoed their, suit in Louisiana ; bnt. the Judge before whom the case had been in Teias Issued an attachment against them for oon- j tsmptXand It was disconlinoecU JudgSiPavies said if that was a case ef contempt, this notion was still more so. CounstVfer plaintiff did not fear in New York a writ Of'attachment from Texas. The plaintiffs, be aaid, now seek a restitution of their property and an aooOunt of the sales and the profits of tbe copartnerships and also $600,000 damages for the frauds put-upon tbem by the defendants. For the defense it is set op that this Court can not entertiln jurisdiction of s question of title to real estate which liesbeyond thebounds of our own State; nor can.tWfcCourt review  decision made by a Judge "SeJfcrfieTStetes Court In Texas, hecase is still before the Court. A Notxl wat to Collect a Debt.-On Sunday last, daring divine service, an honest appearing man arose and asked permission to say a iew words. The gentleman in tbe desk gave him permission to �peak, when he said that "he wished to inform tbem that1 he bad worked for a member of his oburch (pointing his finger'at and naming the indi-vldeal). for three months at thirteen dollars per month, and that he had refused to pay him." Tbs Bev, gentleman then informed him that it was no plane for entering such complaints,' but said he wonld see what could be done. Many were impressed with the belief that tbis was a better plan than goto* before a Justice to collect debts.-Port Bvron GateUe. \  -� .�. �- Fifty.years ago Hayti was noted for its extensive plantations of soger, coffee, and cotton, but they have now almost entirely disappeared, except those of ooffe*, which are much reduced. At present tbe principal wealth of the island Ib derived from the forests whioh cover the greatest part of tbe mountains-(he timber consisting chiefly of mahogany trees ana the different kinds of dyewoods. BolLKlCotMB Bnt.-The two ohief errors are frtt in net cooking it long enough, and second in losing a b>ge proportion of its real nutriment. We always, prner it prepared as follows;-Soak in warm, bOthot water, just long enough to take out all ixcesW' v salt. Then cover it so that the steam wiUcimdeije uporr the under side of the cover and fallback. This will prevent boiling away, and also theloasolriuchof the nutriment which goes off wit| the iteap. Boil the meat several hours or unU it is so ttoro.ugbly done that it will not bold tog4h*r'fob|Kfted with a fork. If there be any bonk'ttke tfeem out, since if oooked enough the meaiwUl cleave from them readily. Pack the meat by Hetfina dtep dish, mixing well together the lean tbe it wi la' the and larL nien^t edln beef and tlon of the sUoesf leahi esMi Jlatdaoilya Ovartb�'�en tw�iMao#khe mm, SM^ad'.pr� portions. Next skim the fat and boil Iowa so that when poured over the meat fill tie spaces between the pieces. Then ie whole a flat cover which will fit into ut oo a dozen or twenty pounds weight, 1 and until cold.   Several flat ironB or a will answer for the weight, or if conve-be set under a cheese-press. Prepar-iy, die poorest piece of tough corned -ade tender and jufcy.' Boiling down liquid, saves the miott nutritious por-uaually thrown away. Tbe gelatine ised gravy, when cold forms a solid meat, which may then be cat up in igHipon the table.  If the tat and mixed, when cut op cold, the pie-a beautiful marbled appearance, pared in this way will not only be iperier relish, but will not on ao-bnees,be swallowed half nastioa-irritattoo in the stomach, and 'on or its substance as nutriment, process, there is only the 'extra donal boiling and pressing which by the saving of nutriment, while * beef will be rendered whole-Try this mode and you will to the hard boiled "inevita- rhaiborAi of flleaamsje �f tbe President tat relatlea to the irmt *t oen. walker. In submitting to the Senate tbe papers for whioh tbey have called, 1 deem it proper to make a few observations. In capturing Gen. Walker and his command, after tbey had landed on the soil of Nicaragua, Com modore Paulding has, in my opinion, committed i grave error. It is quite evident, however, from the communications herewith transmitted, that this was done from pure and patriotic motives, and in the sincere conviction that be was promoting the interests and vindicating the honor of his country. In regard to NioaragBS,-ehe has sustained no injury by tbe acts of Commodore Paulding. This has enured to her benefit, and relieved ber from a dreaded invasion. She alone would have any right to complain of the violation of ber territory; and it is quite certain she will never exercise this right. It unquestionably does not lie in the mouth of her invaders to complain ib her name that she has been rescued'by Com. Paulding from their assaults. The error of this gallant officer consists in exceeding his instructions, and landing his sailors and marines in Nicaragua, whether with or without her consent, for the purpose of making war upon any military force whatever, which be might find in the country, no matter from whence tbey came. This power certainly did not belong to him. Obedience to law and conformity to instructions are tbe best and safest guides for all officers, civil and military, and when they transcend these limits and act upon their own personal responsibility, evil oon sequences almost inevitably follow. Under these oiroumstanoeB, when Marshal Byn me trjje, and as the profit is but little, sbe is waited on with reluctance, if not with positive contempt. She leaves, offended. A few days afterwards, she wishes to buy a costly dress, an expensive bracelet, or some other article that any dealer wouli be glad to sell, il in bis line; but she remembers the incident tbat happened a few days before, and studiously avoids the store where she was intuited. It is the little things in life, after all, tbat do tbe most mischief. A werm bores a whole in a sMp's bottom, aod sbe sinks; a Louis Napoleon is stubbed by Russia, and the Crimean war follows. So fortunes are made, or not, very often from the presence or absence of tbat little thing, civility. Eve-y aspirant for political honors knows how invaluable oonrtesey Is. An eminent physician Baid that politness was more indispensable, for suc-cesi in the medical profession, than perhaps even skill. Civility, in any pursuit, indeed, constantly makes friendB, as incivility prevents it. One of the largest fortunes in this oity had its origin, it is rn mored, in tbe courtesy with which a manufacturer of locomotives reoeived some strangers, wbo, one day, visited his shop; for those strangers happened to be Bassian officers, who had beeD sent to America to inspect tbe machine shops, and who caat*ed the affable manufacturer to be invited to St. Petersburg, where he rapidly became a millionaire. Tbe history of tbe world is full of names, which would never have been celebrated if the courtesy of tbeir owners had not laid the firBt foundations of fame and wealth. Disguise it as we may, we all like best those who are most civil to us ; and if we like others, like them in spite of their civility. If men wish either to be esteemed, or push their fortunes, tbey sbou'id practice oourtesy. Be civil and obliging, whether you Bell a paper of pins, or aim at the Presidency.-Phil. Ledger. t�f~ Considerable quantities of goods are now brought down by steamers from Houston-probably for shipment up the Trinity. Taa Slavs Tradk.-The Charleston Courier says tbat "the reason why slaves are not imported' into this country from Africa, is not because such importation is prohibited by an aot oi Congress, but because the planters of the South do not demand iu A cargo of slaves could not be sold in Charleston if they were brought here. But it tbe people of the South, should offer tbe money for the negroes, the Northern ship owners would take the risk and bring tbem in spite of tbe law, just as tbey now, in defiance of the cruisers and of the laws of her most Christian and Catholic Majesty, are landed on the coast of Cuba. In other words, it is the public sentiment oi the Sooth, and not the philanthropy of the North, which forbids the introduction of foreign slave labor." It is j:miet�k^i sotion tfo' - � .-�tttwg^-r�^5^.-�a . ion that hnsabtunarr aac- ^kjBOlOM ^iW.M^jttajMlwl Suspension or Labob.-The Providence Journal publishes t tabular statement of tbe number of sub pensions of cotton and woolen mills in the manufacturing regions of which Providence ib tbe centre. From these figures the conclusion is reached tbat more than three-quarters of the cotton machinery is idle. Tbe suspension of the woolen machinery ie col so general, but Ib very large and constantly increasing. Tbe reduced production of cotton goods is estimatedat 77,000 pieces and 2,644,000 yards per week, of tbe value of $1.*>0,400 ; and that the reduced pro-At.eUuii cf woolen goods is equal to 1127,915 per week, raakitg a total reduction in these two departments of ourindustry of (378,815 per week. DAKOTNa-lTbe Alabama Methodist Protestant Annual Conference has adopted the following resolution : "That any parents or guardians belonging to our aburch\wfao shall patronise that school of Sin, the dandle school, by sending their children wards, shafbesubject to trial and reproof,a or txptlskm,as tbeffae fxtay demand." TSBBaMJ k Vm Ja InWthe ptrpit aftha eye; Galveston aa a Wholesale MarKet. A writer in the Banger proposes to give tbe reasons why retail merchants in the interior wbo go North for their stocks of goods, should make their purohaBes in Galveston, instead of the oities of the North.  At the outset he remarks as follows : Southern, and State pride, should at least, induce us to give the rnerohants of Galveston a trial. If they will do as well by us as the Northern merchant, I do not see why they should not have an opportunity extended to them to show them what they can do. I have been told that some of the wholesale rnerohants of Galveston, will duplicate any bill from any of tbe regular houses of New York, or Philadelphia. If they can and will do this we should think every inducement of interest and patriotism would be combined to induoe us to give them a trial. Let us, then, try her, and if we find we can do as well there as in the Northern cities, after counting all tbe costs, why, then let us continue to trade there, and let us build np a great commercial emporium for all Texas. If we hayo any pride of section left, or any spirit of independence remaining, we should cease to be tributary to the North.-We have been taxing ourselves long enough for the benefit of tbe North, in order that she might grow strong and trample upon us. Let us reverse our policy awhile and endeavor lo grow strong ourselves, that we may be independent at home, and respected abroad Galveston has also been muoh to blame in tbe matter tbat sbe has not let ber advantages be known. Men do not, in these days, "light a oandle and put it under a bushel." She baa no drummers through tbe State seeking patronage-sbe has no advertisements abroad showing what she could do if called upon. If she would seize upon the opportunity now held out to her to secure the trade of the whole State, she must awake and bestir herself. Tbis is a fast age, aDd old fogies, and slow fogies, stand no ohance of success. Whilst they stand considering, the flood-tide passes them with tbe velocity ef steam-tbe tide that leads to fortune; if we would keep pace witb tbat, we must jump upon it at a moment's warning, and be off witb railroad apeed. We assure the retail merchants, that if they will go to Galveston to buy goods, the goods will certainly come to Galveston to be sold. And we further hazard the opinion, to be verified by eur Gslves-ton friends, that goods can be brought there and sold on as good terms as we oan get tbem at New York or Philadelphia. Now let na see whether we are right, and to prove that fact, let us all give Galveston a fair trial. Tbe Demtn aama the UaUaa. The late Democratic convention adapted a resolution, which we published yesterday, requesting the Legislature ,to "provide, at the present session "for the Executive of the State appointing suitable "Delegates to a Convention of Southern BUtes, which may be hereafter assembled for the purpose "of consultation and advice for the general welfare of the institutions of the South." The reason given in the preceding resolution, for this measure, Js that "recent events in tbe United States Senate have oreated-in tbe minds of the members of the convention a serious apprehension that the doctrine of non-intervention, as set forth in the Cincinnati Platform," "is in danger of being repn. "diated by Congress through the instrumentality of 'members of the National Democratic Party, die "tingnished alike for their politioal influence over "the publio sentiment of tbe North, and their past "declarations in favor of said dootrina." With the censure implied towards Senator Dong-las we are not disposed to take issue-though it would perhaps be more diffioult than many suppose to point out a direct disorepanoy between his recent course and his past declarations. If he has not been ioJayox*fSquatter Sovereignty all along we are yet at a loss for a definition of tha pbrase. He still professes only to be in favor of allowing the people of Kansas to regulate their own domestic institu tions in tbeir own way, as contemplated by tbe bill establishing tbe Territory. He objected to tbe recent constitution (wbioh now appears to bave been voted down) that it did not appear to be tbe work, or have the sanction, of a majority of the people ; and was therefore void. His present object professes only to be to enable the people to determine on their own constitution., When California applied for admission into tbe Union, Senators, Mason and Hunter of Virginia ; Butler and Barnwell of S. Carolina ; Tnrney of Tenn. ; Souleof La. ; Jefferson Davis of. Miss.; Atchison of Mo.; and Morton and Yulee of Fla.-all Democrats-signed a protest, which was entered upon tbe journals of the Senate-objecting to tbe passage of tbe bill admitting her as a state into the Union, for the following reasons :- First. Tbat it gave tbe sanction of law, and thus imparted validity to an unauthorized action by a �portion of the inhabitants of California.'" "Second. Without any legal census, or other evidence of their possessing the number of citizens ne cesssry to authorize tbe representation they may claim." Third. Without any of thou safeguards about the ballot-box, which ean only be provided by law and, wbiob abb niosbbast to as0s&ta1h tbs tbcb bxk8b ot a psoplx." Fourth. As "not having snffieient evidence of its (.the Constitution) having the assent of a majority of the people for whom it was signed." Tbe Little Giant is wary enough to keep within similar limits in bis speeches; and professes still to stand on tbe old ground where tbe South stood by him, although a great gulf has since opened between him and many of bis Southern admirers. Kansas if it is any oonsolation to know it, is to be lost to tbe Soutb under the same arguments which were used to retain it.  Tbey ukeep the word of promise to the oar, "To break it to the hope." In the mean time, wbat do we propose by a Con vention of Southern States, under legislative B&no-tion 1 " Consultation and advice for the general welfare of the institutions of the South 1 " Thug far, no further shalt thou go. Tbe Constitution of tbe United States declares that "no State shall enter into any agreement or compact with any other State," any more than with a foreign power. The members of tbe Legislature are required to take an oath, or affiimatlon, to support tbe Conststntion of tbe United StateB. It is to be presumed, therefore, that tbe convention does not contemplate any movement beyond tbat specifically declared in the resolutions quoted; yet it is not to be doubted tbat many will desire, and many others fear, tbat Southern convention of the kind contemplated, would be dlBposed to recommend ulterior measures, looking beyond tbe peaceful remedies of the Constitution for the redress of Southern grievances. Tbe time may oome, but we oonfess that we do not yet see any imminent necessity, for such a course. It is well to be prepared for the worst; but, on the other band, the anticipation of an evil, often pre. cipitatee it. For ourselves, we mnst confess tbat we regard the rights of the South, and the permacenoy of the Union, aa muoh more secure than tbey were two years since, and quite as safe as they have been at any within the past fifteen years. Crown Jewels.-When Hanover was severed from tbe united kingdom by the accession of Queen Victoria to the throne, a claim was made by the late Kicg of Hanover, formerly the Duke of Cumberland, to nearly tbe whole of tbe jewels usually woin on state occasions by the English Sovereign, on tbe ground that part of them, whioh had been biooght over to England by George I., belonged inalienably to tbe Crown of Hanover ; and tnat tbe remainder bad been purchased by George III. out of his privy purse, and had been left by him and his Queen Charlotte to the Boyal Family of Hanover. As tbe jewels thus claimed are supposed to be worth considerably more than �1,000,000 a single stone having cost nearly �20.000, they were not to be relinquished without a struggle. Ultimately, in tbe life-lime of the late King, tbe importunity of the Hanoverian Minister in London drove the English Ministry of the day to consent tbat tbe rights of the two Sovereigns Bbould be submitted to a commission com posed of three English Judges; but the proceedings of the Commission were so ingeniously protracted that all the Commissioners died without arriving at any decision ; and until Lord Clarendon received the seals of tbo British Foreign Office all tbe efforts of the Court of Hanover to obtain a fresh Commission were vain. Lord Clarendon, however, seems to have perceived tbat such attempts to Btifle inquiry were unworthy of his countTy, for he consented that a fresh Commission should be issued to three English Judges of the highest eminence, who after investigation, found tbe Banoveriaa claim to be indisputably just, and reported in its favor. Dxxpkst Wxix is tdx World.-The Louisville Courier says the Artesian well of the Messrs. Du-pont, of that city, has now reached tbe depth of 1900 feet   It adds: This is the deepest well now known to us in the world. The next in depth is the well st Grenoble, near Paris, which is 1800 feet. Louisville has, therefore, the deepest well in the world, and the tallest steeple in tbe United States-tbe cross on the St. Louis Cathedral being 286 feet high, while the summit of Trinity, New York, is only 264 feet high. Tbe same paper thinks tbat Messrs. Dupont bave now tbe means of deciding a moat interesting scientific question: We allude to tbe Plutonic theory of tbe earth. There are many wise men who contend that the external portion of the earth is a mere crust about fifty miles thick, and tbat all beyond this crust is an incandescent red hot mass of melted matter. By a number ol experiments the explorers have ascertained that after descending into tbe earth 100 feet, feet of progress, the temperature in-degree-, that a depths 6962 feet would "id a depth of 48 miles would attain a ' to Matt all known rofka. Earth-Mtltf M^hatim fJm urged Sn for every creases oi boil wi anffleient: Geoloqioal Subvet.-We are pleased to learn that the bill to provide for a Geological Survey of the State of Texas is likely to become a law. An amount of useful information oan hardly fail to be derived from such a measure, more than equal to the labor and expense which will be incurred in obtaining it. Thus far, but little is known of the Geology of tbe state, save suah information as has been accidentally picked up, and casually given to tbe public. The only man that we know of in Texas, who has turned his attention mainly to tbe subject is our old friend Dr. Francis Moore, formerly of the Houston Telegraph. We recollect to have seen specimens in his office, and his descriptions of tbe same, twenty years ago; and from that time until tbe present he has been greatly in teres ted in the subject; not only making all the examination praotical in Texas> but visiting tbe most learned geologist* and tbair cabinets at tbe North. He is, we believe now thoroughly versed in tbe practical as well as theore tical departments of this modern scienoe ; and from his long residence in Texas, and bis knowledge of the geography and geology of the state, lie would doubtless be better prepared to prosecute promptly researches under the patronage of the state, than any one, however well qualified in other respects, who might now come first into Texas. The Doctor also, as the Mexicans say, deserves well of his ooun-try, on many other accounts ; and we believe that his appointment to the post of State Geologist would be highly satisfactory and popular. Teaoalavs *f tke Ortalaw New York ia, or has been, tha gTaaVoastrt . regulate* of tbe United States, and other fital have bean in tha habit of reftrrlngall  or I may say nation, it standa aloqe without prectftnt, and without apparent reason, derived from P** experience. Upon carrfully reviewing tbe banking �ystem 6t the city and State as it existed' at the jm* of the suspension. tb^npwrq�mfanta�m�j^s conoid sion that the great error of tbe day �te " in considering that a specie basis of one to 'Ifht or nine of immediate liabilities, sufficient to attain specie payment, unless entire confidence wi* maintained between the debtor and creditor," tha* contradicting tbe experience of former years, which appeared to prove the proportion named was smple for any contingency other than for a demand for coin The cause which have led to thistbange are said to be the following :-The diversion ottbe industry of the 8tate from agriculture to trade and oommer-c�; extravagance in personal expenditure; the great extension of oredit, both by individuals and corporations ; the increase in the number ofc banks ; speculation in Western lands, by wiic$ the interior banks sustained a steady reduction of their deposits; and the payment of interest on deposits by the banks. Tbe Superintendent remarks: Tbe idea tbat deposits were a dangerous element to tbe banker six months ago, would have stamped its promulgator as a tyro in basking. The lesson that tbis suspension has taughtiPannot and will not be lost upon tbe bank officers and directors wbo feel tbe responsibility of the trust committed to them- The test of successful banking hereafter will be as it should, not in large araonnt of dividends declared, but in the ultimate safety of the capital invested in tbe business. Witb (Secured enrrecoy like that issued by tbe free banks of tbis State, no suspension of specie payment araring from an excess of paper money, ever will or oac take place. Tbe element of weakness in banking lies in what has heretofore been considered its strength, its deposits. This baa been cherished and concentrated by tbe pernicious system before referred to, of paying interest upon individual deposits, as well as for balance between tbe banks tbsmeelves, Tbis practice, particularly in individual Hoonnts, has been'lbstru-meutal in cbanging-the vtry basis of banking, or rather tbe liabilities of tbs banker himself, and, tbis too in so quiet a way that however vigilant he may have been, bis experience furnished no warning of bis position. Tbe measures which tbo Superintendent deems necsaary for tbe stability of the bank capital, and the security of the publio, both as debtors and creditors of the bank, are as follows :- Tbe establisment of i country clearing-house in the city of New York or Albany, by the interior banks. THUBSDAY, JAN, 81, 1858. To amend tbe baok Jaws so tbat bonds and mortgages shall be no longer received as security for tbe issue of circulating notes. To compel all bankt to maintain a specie reserve in tbeir vaults of twenty per cent upon tbe amount due dispoeitors. Tbe great evil of tbe times in tbe banking system in his view is tbe payment of interest on deposits, and tbe remtdy is to make that unprofitable by compelling the banks to keep a large reserve of specie on haods^tbo amount to be regulated by tbat of the deposits. Without returning to tbe peculiar causes that produced such a jesnlt in October last, it appears to tbe Superintendait, that a categorical answer to the plain question", Why did the banks suspend specie payments! will teach what is necessary to prevent its repetition. Tbat answer is, they did not bave coin enough to pay the demands made upon tbem. If .the truth of the answer be admitted, tbe remedy for tbe future is dearly apparent, In other words, it is not safe for bank capital or the publio, to permit the banks of this state to owe, Bay eight or nine dollars of demand loans to one dollar of specie in tbeir vaults. ST The rtaamer Qrapsabot, Cape Jenkins, fro0 TriB% river, arrived lastniffht with 896 bales eotr toTAaad tke following passenger*: Maarta.Btnart, Ferry, Mom, Stephens, Calhoun,, ^Inoo^e^Bartly, Gills, TubervUU, Woo tan, Burnea, BurBner, Jobnaon lady and four children. f The steamer Neptune, Capt. P. J.Menard, arrived last night from Houston with the following paatangera. Messrs. Eaathan), Hatch, Paugett,Buell, English, Fonsboy, Soatary, Walklnshaw, fiufly, Harm an, BoUttger, Ennis, White, Gideon, Roddick, MoPhnil, Wotte, Battier, Fenin, Glenn, Goodwin, WUlikeo, Jones, Look eur, Beeves, Bodman, Grimes, Walker, Smith. Mrs. Stavana and child, Mlaa More, Mrs. Done and daughter, Miss Brnnnell, Mrs. Mather, Miss Mntten, Thompson,' Mrs. Beevely and Miss Beevery. ' Fixnra'B BrniR.-To-night haa been eet apart by Mr. Neltch,- Manager of tbe Theatre; for the Benefit of Island City Engine Company No 8. The pieces selected are Faxio and Grimshaw, Bagabaw, and Bradsbaw. The effioient service rendered by this company of Firemen t*w,tbe dry, m times of past danger and oalamity, manifest Im- portance of sustaining and ene\|nr*\ing this meri-> torious class, are alone suffloi bring oat all good eiUaena who and wbo have no insuperable lee against play-going. Snoh an Oocaaion presents a first-rate excuse for theatrically-inolined church members to indulge their love of the stage under cover of a benevolent object, and we anticipate a brimming house, where both manager and players may "win golden opinions from all sorts of people." Nusettente to ^ we the time, Ions sorup. MATAeoBDA.-We learn from the Chroncile that the receipts Of ootton at Matagorda from Sept. 1 to Dec. 1 were 600 bales. Owing to the very bad state of tbe roads since tbe commencement of the late rains, hauling has been, to a great extent, suspended. The folio wins; are tbe munioipal officers elect of Matagorda for the present year. A. Wadswortb, Mayor.; John Plunkett, S. W. Fisher, Galen Hodges, ' W. McCamly, M. Talbot, E. A. Peareson, D.E. E. Braman, W. L. Sartwell, Aldernmen ; D. J Parks, Marshall ; J. H. Selkirk, Secretary and Treasurer ; D. J. ParkB, Clerk of Market. The office of the Chroniole of the Timea ia offered for sale. v Prism, i Weharcaaw ~ tMetbaaeo   ' ">w�m, ai        ___ doUara bevobaeaexpea ._____lOoBal i wUehtecMaer^wl%ariargajtoaav) la eWat&c aa^awathlrti'iwviJ^Tii 1 Tfca Houston Telegraph     intake of tbanpa^ Baaa;oi.tna State GOB*o&tfop,; Mr,Grah*�hga�araU*l ha ia a man of ability ai Mr. John's aoquattttarjeea speJMC'Ofi moat flattsrug terms aaageadenaa affable in his manners, an aaoellent i withal a good sound party organiaatioa} Of Jndge Wheeler it la useless tojuy i He ia too well known tQ need any aniogluTa 1 ub. ��'.'. Judge C. W. Buoklsy, tha laat of tha nomtoaie, ia wellknown to be a good le*yer and a good Democrat. < The Anatln Intelligencer appearato beeef-isfled that there is no proapaot of advantage boat continuing to discuss tha question of calling aetata Convention. It says that it merely wishes to plant itself right npon tha record-having no r�eaant feopa that a Convention will be called, ft says-      v "We proposed that the Legialature should calt a oon vention, allowing every three or four hundred voters to send om dMagatO. In this way we ooold-see bow a just .apportionment could be made. Whereas, to transfer tha power from the small oonnUea, wbioh now have the power, to the populous ones, whioh now have oonwaratively no relative stiengtb, sefima to us aim^t impossible through any legjajativa aot; a�d we r^edkt thattt wUfooat more than three oonventiona would cost Nor ban it ever be fair, since, as heretofore, it will be made to depend vary much npon legislative log rolling." The InteUigenoer still falls to inform ua why tha Legialature would be governed by different motives, in appointing members of a convention, from those which would control it in providing for the election of Legislators. Tbe same causes would, it seems to us, produce similar effects, in both oases. Thank too roa Nothing.-The Eastern Texian, in acknowledging the receipt of publio dooumsnta from members and officera of the Legislature, and returning, thanks to its attentive friends says- "Our only regret is that so far we find nothing accomplished by tbat Honorable body, of sufficiently general importance to merit a notice. Some important measures are before them, but nothing has passed as yet, save bills of a private oharaoter. If there was less gas and more work, we fanoy more business would be accomplished." The Dinbbo.-The Corpus Cbristl paper says "tbat persons wishing tbeir names to appear in the "Valley" as candidates for office, muii fork over the dinero with their announcement." A good rule, which every paper in the State should adopt. HF" The Lavaoa Herald states that the railroad now transports goods some three miles from tbat town, towards Viotoria, thus avoiding a very bad portion of the road for hauling. The Herald says: During tbe present year tbe Bailroad will be completed from Lavaca to Viotoria, thereby delivering goods in two or three hours instead of a week as heretofore, and passengers will be enabled to go from town to town between meals, instead of remaining in a wet and boggy prairie uil night.- The Bailroad Ib in excellent condition, notwithstanding the heavy and continued rains for months. By the Be vised Statutes of Maine, whioh will take effect from and after the 1st day of January next, all marriages solemnized out of tbe State, with intent to evade the new ptrolishment law, will be void in tbat State, if the parties return and reside there. Cokpolknok a Chime.-Tbe ancient Spartans paid as much attention to the rearing, of men as tbe cattle-breeders in modern England do to the breeding of cattle. Tbey took charge of the firmness and looseness of men'b flesh, and regulated tbe degree of fatness to wbioh it was lawful, in a free state, for any citizen to extend his body. Those who dared to grow too fat or too soft for military exercise and the service of Sparta, were Boundly whipped. In one particular instance, tbat of Nauolis, son of Poly-bins, the offender was brought before the EphoriJ and a meeting of tbe whole people of Sparta, at whioh bis unlawful fatness was publicly exposed, and be was threatened with perpetual banishment if be did not bring his body within tbe regular Spartan compass,and give up his culpable mode of Hying, which was declared to be worthier of an Ionian han a aon of LacedtemoD.-[Bruce. Salt ok Aspabasus.-In order to produce the largest and best asparagus, the bed mnst be so heavily Baited as to kill all other vegetation. The gardners around tbe oity of New York made it a practice of covering tbeir asparagus '.beds witb salt every Bpring- Salt is also recommended to be placed around tbe roots of quince bushes-a half pint to each. Take off a few inches of the soil, apply the salt and replace tbe earth. Proceeding* of tbe City council. Galveston, Jan. 18th, 1S58. Rebclab MxETDia-Present, Mayor L. A. Thompson, Aldermen Atchison, Beissner, Franklin, JnlfS, Lufkin, Lidstone, League and Sydnor, Menard and Sorley. Tbe Minutes of tbe last Begulsr Meeting and of the Speclalof the 14th inst, were read and approved. Tbe Petition of Messrs. Schneider, Wilms and others, wis read and referred to the Street Committee. The Sport of the City Marshal was read and referred to the Finance Comraitte. The Keport of the Street Inspector was read and approvid and accompanying bills passed tor payment. The Petition of Oscar FariBb, S. Herman and others was read and referred to the Street Committee. Tbi election of M. Frederiob, as 2d Assistant Engineer of the Fire De^trtment, was unanimously approved by the Council. The Beport of tbe Committee on Finance was recoiled and adopted. On motion of Aid. Sorley, it was Resolved, That'f 600, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same is hereby appropriated to fill np boles on Market street between 16th and IStb, to repair and curb the ditches on 14tb, 15th and 1 ttb streets from Mechanic street to the Bay. On motion of Aid. Sorley, it was Resolved, That the City Marshal ba Instructed to notify all persons wbo bave erected wooden buildings within the fire limits, in violation of the Ordinance in relation thereto, that they abate the ^nuisance by their removal, ^within thirty  days subject to tbe penalty provided in the Ordinance. The Marshal made tbe follow Beport of sale of Lots heretofore bought in at Tax Sales for the use and benefit of this city, viz : Thi AntiCAN Slave Tbadk.-A despatob te the Government of Great Britain from the south coast of Africa,dated Ootober 17,1857, Bays : "TbSBlave trade is assuming a new aspect. Tbe French Government has gone boldly Into it, and the British equardron ordered not to verify the colors of aFrench vessel, whether legal trader or not. Amerioan ships, on the contrary, aresearohed, seized, and confiscated, in a manner violative of onr doctrine of the right of search." The subject has been laid before tbe Cabinet.- Washington States. The Tbicks or Law.-At tbe recent term of the Circuit Court of Tazewell, Tenn., a fellow was arraigned for stealing a rawhide. He alleged tbat be had purchased it from s negro. The attorney for the commonwealth admitted bis statemeit, aud be was acquitted, but was immediately indicted for trading with a negro. Thereupon the accused introduced two witnesses to prove that be bad stolen the bide, when he was of course discharged, and having already been tried for stealing, ha could not be tried a second time for the same offense and was turned loose unpunished. Such is tbe perfection of human wisdom. Fakalkl Philosophy.-A sailor being about to sail for India, a oitizen asked, where his father died. "In ship wreck." "And where didwour grandfather die ?" "As he was fishing a storm arose, and be witb his companions perished by shipwreck."- "Then if I were yon, I would never go to sea." "Pray, my philosopher, where did ymr father die?' "My father, grand-Iither and great grand-father died in bed." "Then, if I were you, I would never go to bed." Nahis.	Lots.	Blocks.	Amount. Alex. Pitt........	...4	876	$ 50 00 Jas Penny.......	. ..9	884	105 00 J Corbett........	....7	44S	81 00 (i	....2	438	25 00 (t	...3	488	88 00 �'    S. W. % out lot		65	82 00 Chas E Thompson	...1	488	82 00 E P Morgan......	...7	672	58 00 E T Jaokson.....	....�	672	140 00 G W Beisner.....	..14	674	110 00 J L McEean.....	.. S	675	71 00 u	....7	675	70 00 W and J J Hendl'ey..5		677	105 00 F Marcbant, S % out lot C Brinkhoff,  "		78	6 48 		96	6 48 B M Elkes     "		141	5 88 Whereupon, on motion, it was resolved tbat tbe said sales be approved and ratified; and tbat the Marshal exeoute such aots of sale and transfer as will convey to tbe purchasers respectively, all tbe right, title, interest, claim and demand of the city in and to the said lots. The following bills were audited and passed for payment: Hitcbcocks, Fire Department F. Beitling, office............ Dink & Joe, office........... Wm. Shields, Market........ On motion, Council adjourned till next Begular Meeting CHS. E. THOMPSON, Sio't. ........�9 20 ........    50 ........ 8 60 ........28 25 'Sea Islamd Cotton-Geowmfi in Texas.-A Texas correspondent of tbe Savannah Georgian writes that the sea island ootton does well it tbat 8tate, yielding not less than a bale to the acre in good seasons. Some of it sold last year brought forty-five cents per pound. Jokes-"Mr. Smith, I wish to speak to you privately : pemut me to take you apart for a few momenta." Surra-  comparison to tbe benefits which would result from the destruction of tbis pest. smitten Vessels In Sevastopol Harteri SUAsropor., November 80,1857. It is generally known that Mr. John E. Gowen of Boston succeeded,against many competitors,in obtaining from the Bussian Government a contraot for raising the sunken fleet In this harbor, consist-' ing of one hundred vessels, forty of which are line-of-battle ships of from 80 to 120 guns, and tbe balance frigates, war steamers and transports. This you will admit is a nice little job, and if successfully oompleted will yield a nice little sum. If yon oould, by some sort of magio, be brought over to 8e-bastopol, so that you could look down, upon us, yon would behold the richest scene, probably, that you have ever seen or read of. Near the Admiralty landing, and stretching along nearly a fourth of a mile on the west side of South Bay, you would see a range of low wooden buildings, with several others somewhat detached, some of whioh are occupied, by our men, and others for storehouses, blacksmith snd machine shops. A little farther along, the caissons ready for launching; a little to the left at the end of the wharf, a caisson receiving her engine and maobinory; near by, a gang of Bussians discharging' a heavy loaded scow containing the heavy timbers of the lino-of-battle ship Yagodlel, which we are tearing to pieces with gunpowder, in fourteen fathoms of water; you would perceive in this little spot a soeno of activity tbafwould really delight you. Then about two hundred yards out upon the water yon wonld see three hulks, prepared with hoisting apparatus, for lifting the broken timbers into tbe scows; they would remind you of three enormous condors over a dead carcass. Perhaps, though,you would like to know bow the ship is broken up under suoh a depth water. Yon see tbat Bmall boat yonder, a short distance from the bulks; that is the powder boat, containing usually a ton of gunpowder, in gutta per-oha bags, each holding two hundred pounds. One or two of these bags are previously prepared with a galvanio wire, then taken down and placed under the ship by an experienced diver, and when all ia ready it is Ignited, and a terrible havoo ensues below. Now, if you please, just oast your eye around upon the magnificent ruins on every side. Yonder is the broken site of the once pronud Malakoff encompassed by one vast graveyard, where more tban two hundred tho^~"ud poor fellows lie beyond the reach of human m     �. Pass down into that deep valley, bleb, durL . .no war, was called the Valloy of Death. Asoeou the next hill and you are in the Sedan, where fourteen thousand bodies lay the morning after the battle. I tbink I have never seen a -place that afforded a richer scene for phbtographlo views than the ruined oity of Sebastopol presents.- There are many, perhaps, wbo suppose, from wbat tbey have read of Bussistbat tbe manners, customs and social society of tbe Bossians, would be far from agreeable to an Amerioan; but such Is not the fact; for in no country that I have ever visited, have I seen more politeness and refinement, than exists in tbe respectable circles of Sebastopol. Although there are many points where etiquette differs from ours, yet, rather tban diminishing, It adds to the sociability of tbe company. For instance it might possibly shook the sensibilities of an Amerioan lady to be told that, during the recess of a ball, tbe ladies retire to their apartment, (where no gentleman dares to enter,) light their paper cigars, smoke away, and ohat most merrily, Also, at tbe dinner table after the dessert, ladies, as well as gentlemen, smoke theirjejgars and take tbeir glass of wine, and while the Bmoke is tsprling up, their beautiful black eyes shine with additional lustre. Of course, there are many little comfofifi.tyhtch we bave been used to at borne, wbioh oan not be i tained here. Yet, during the summer, wo have al^ most every species of tbe finest fruit, and in the winter plenty of game and most excellent meats. The Crimean climate is lovely during the entire year. We have no money panics here-no suspending banks. All we require Is a few roubles and a handful of copecs, and we are far happier than many of the upper tens of Boston or New York. Alotone.-M. Maedlor, the author of the recent investigations with reference to the central sun, has long been ; known to tbe astronomical world as tbe successor of AI, Strove in the direction of the observatory at Dorpat. His computations of tbe orbital movements of tbe double stars have given to him a deservedly high celebrity ; and tbe great theory whioh he has propounded is only given to the world after a long and patient examination, extending through many years. Assuming Alcyone as the great centre of the millions of stars composing our astral system and the direction of tbo sun'a motion, as determined by Argelander and Struve, he investigates these consequent movements of all tbe stars in every quarter of the heavens. Just wberetbe swiftest motions should be found, there they actually exist, which demonstrates either the truth of the theory, or exhibits.the most remarkable and incredible oolnoldenoes. After a profound examination Maedler reaches tbe conclusion, tbat Alcyone, tbe principal star in the group Pleiades, now occupies tbe centre of gravity, and is at present, the sun about wbiob the universe of Btars composing our astral system are all revolving.-Scient\fie American. The ordinary circulation of Hamburg-by which its retail business, tbe oasb transactions, from hand to band-are effected, Ib composed of coin entirely, tbe ooin of tbe country and of tbe adjoining States of Europe. But commerce is carried on with the marc bacon-a silver standard of that denomination, which Is not coined but consists of an amount of Bilver of given weight and fineness-which is deposited in the Bank of Hamburg as silver bullion. It is not coined, and the bank issues no notes upon it. Tbe silver is held in deposit, and is transferred by oheoks from one depositor to another, rftod may be withdrawn in bullion ; but it never goes into tbe common enrrency, either aa coin or in bank notes, as the representative of specie. A merchant pays bis bills snd makes bis purchases by a transfer of bis right to bo mnob silver, which the Bank of Hamburg has in bulk, deposited by himself or by some previous dealer, from whom the transfer has come to bim. Inddstbt.-Every young man should remember tbat tbe world bas and always will honor industry. The vulgar and useless idler, whose energies of mind snd body are rusting for want of exercise-the mistaken being who pursues amusement as a relief to his enervated muscles, or engages in exercises that" produce no useful end, may look witb scorn on tbe smutty laborer engaged in bis toil. But his scorn is praise. His contempt- Is an honor. Honest industry will secure tbe respect of the wise and good among men. and yield the rich fruit of an easy conscience, and give that heart self-respect which ia above all price. Acoidents prom the oss or Caxpbenc.-Mr. M-errUro, of Brooklyn, N Y., the indefatigable 1�-Horer in the cause o> practical peience, ban been turnifhing tbe New York papers witb some very inturoBlUig ikCts collected from the records of the past year. He mentions that fifty-nine persons were killed and seventy-five persons wounded In the United States by fire resulting from the use of I campbeoe and other burning fluida of a kindred preparation. Tbe loee of property from conflagrations resulting from fire from oamphene and ita kindred oompounds are stated in tha various published acoounta to amount to $10>AM. and betid- these was the loss of the sohoooar fieaida, baornt at BCey Waat,�if^)00. Whir* Cuban Slavers abe Bipittzd.-A correspondent of tbe Mexican Extraordinary �ays there were four slave trading vessels in the port of Cam-peachy, Yucatan, the 1st ult.; refitting after having successfully landed cargoes of slaves on the Island of Cuba. The writer adds: It is now a common practice in Cuba to order tbe slave vessel to fit out at Cam peachy. New Yobx Dbt Goods Business.-According to a statement of tbe Joqrnal of Commerce, the total imports of dry goods at New York for the past year is $90,584,129, being $2,823,764, less than tor the year 1856; but $25,560,067 more tban for 1S56, and $6,691,198 more than tbe total for 1854. Take a Papeb job toob Wipe.-A friend, says an exchange, tells us a story in -relation to one of our subscribers which contains a good moral for husbands, and furnishes sn example for wives which is not unworthy of imitation under similar circumstances: I JChe subscriber referred to said it had been his Intention to call at tbe office, pay his arrears and discontinue his paper. His wife very promptly asked : " Why do yon intend to discontinue yonr paper?" "Because," said the Msband, "I am tso much sway from home on business, and bave so little time to read, there seems to be little use in my taking the paper." "Yes," replied she, "it may be but little use to yea, bnt it ia of great use to me. I remain at home, while yon discontinue the paper. I will go straight to town and subscribe for it myeeli." , ... ,_ � Thi Bxtubsed FnJBOBTEJts.-The Norfolk Ai informs na that orders have been received, front capital, to set at liberty the fillboeters hft home on the Saratoga. The Herald aaya that refuse to ba dteekarged front     ' Argue, however, aaya they ba' tlatnri the v-el, and era 1   

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