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Civilian And Gazette Newspaper Archive: September 1, 1857 - Page 1

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Publication: Civilian And Gazette

Location: Galveston, Texas

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   Civilian And Gazette (Newspaper) - September 1, 1857, Galveston, Texas                                rlMS,#J.Mf ,'trtvttkml dtoout--- rW�Mk*-�ftiru�fl��Bnfr papers 1 wJUUMwsas* W*�fMdMkn>M fa* MKi^lifaiptaMHM ^M�/��q, Capt. H. "^gSta^' a,, jrf^-*-eW Smiths. WaJkeV man/ dock. (Wi$ Mono**.-HHpkeock, i Sltobpook, Jift-DeHejsemie and 'feffl"^*' M�i Wileon, Mrs IMty, Mm Tattle, Thomas, if fledgewiek, Hoonera^Bloss-ob� tfowell and ion, and 11 on ipr Eclipse^ Capt. jj. H. SterriU irom Houston, wib 1 bale of oot-ring passengers: J Igs, Hnrlly, CampWll^ubsn, Mil-.M, BJo^dgOOd, ffiWts, Dukes, Me-, ,_ ,,,, , , ^ii�iftwt�n,Mo^nnell,fepoiill8( /���!!�'    H4hber�ei> gppfb*  ok, Kx, Fwlaiesnd lady, Smith andeerfant, s andsemnf ,P H Carey, H Carey, Siovej and rWanagan, :C M Martin, J S Martin, Wjillia, flner, (Jiddings, Bnok, and 10 on desk. The steamer Cbarlet Morgan took another tok at the T head of the wharf-when she can* in \c night, The wharf was somewhat worsted and LaMd Jarkeyu a good deal frigbteoedj but kboat d(|ri't seem to mind it. '! ':Qa^fld.and public-spirited fellow cijizea, . L. M._Hitchoook, with his family, reamed l^t, by the steamer Charles Moifan- jing as'yo^thful, pleasant, and full of litfaa he rtwejyy years since. WilliJL F. Weeks, late Beporler �f the of Representatives,- has been elected Chief oT Bexar oonnty, by a large majority! The City Council yesterday afternoon pass Jrdinance providing lor the constriptiou o< the ralroad bridge to Virginia Point.  Soisooo as .nroUifl and approved, probably to-mojrow, we JMUplbushit. to, case Gen. Henderson decline! being a CMdidaW, of which there is a probability, it is f MM Coliifatt Ward will be proposed is the suc-j Mttor of\Senator Busk,   No better r�n or purer [pajript than Col. Ward can be found. H�*W-i--- Skcohix Judicial DisiBicT.-The State Gazette [ives the official vote as lollowe: Alex. W. TeireU.  Jin A Travis, Hays, 121 Bastrop, 373 Guadalupe, 891 Caldwell, 818 Total, 1,R48 Majority loxlerrell, 8�2. Green. 602 67 272 146 295 1,281 ry Jadge^Bbam retires from f Texas, speaks as follows : " No doubt oi be felt teat Eastern Texas will bring forward atnitable candidate at the proper time, when no ejection can be made to the Middle and Western prtion of tie State naming a colleague. It is tkrefore the In tec t ion of the writer, at this time to ibmit for Consideration the nang| of jMark M. Potlr, Eaq.,ofGalveaton,and in doHp this I feel certah that no pntleman can be brougnt forward more eminently qaalifled in all respects to fill that hjgh abd| important station. We require Senators at this time' wib are competent to place Texas in her true an? proper light before the American Senate and tba world and who have the stamina to perform thit doiy. Mr. Potter is the man we want for that inportaut service, he, bus been tried in the oounoils cf the country and fonnd true and trusty. He has the confidence of tbe people who are willing to afford him an opportunity to vindicate tbe honor, dignity and rights of Texas in the Senate of the United States, and plaoe Texas right before tbe w#rld." We have also seen a letter Irom an old and prominent member of the Legislature from Eastern Texas, stating that Mr. Potter was regarded in tbe Eaat as eminently fitted for the position and would receive a hearty support from that section, in connection with whoever naigbt prove the ohoioe of the East for tbe other seat. We do not, however, propose disenssing tbe matter al this lime ; bnt merely to allude to the facts mentioned for tb^ information of all concerned. Thb Aoodst Elbotiom -We give below the names of the gentlemen elected to Congress at the recent elections. There is at present some oncer taiaty in regard to the result in the Seoond Distriet, Tennessee; but, with this exception, the list may be regarded as accurate : The names of the E. N. members are ia ltalio letters. bobtb oaxouha. Diet. 1 Henry M Sbaw. 2 Thomas Baffin. 8 Warren Winslow 4 LO'B Branoh. 6 John A Gilmer. 8 Alfred M Scales, Jr. 7 Burton Craig. 8 Tho*. L Cliogmac. XSNTCOKT. 1 Henry C Burnett. 2 Samuel O Peyton. !8 ff� Underwood. 4 Albert G Talbot. 6 Joshua H Jewett. 6 Joseph M Elliott. 7 Humphrey Marshall. 8 James B Clay. 9 John C Maaon. 10 J W Stevenson. rax as. 1 Guy M Bryan. 2 John H Regan. The above shows a Democrutio gain of eleven members, as compared with tbe delegation* from these States in tbe laBt Congreas Dist. 1 Albert G Watkins. 2 W W Wallaoe. 8 Samel A Smith. 4 John H Savage. 5 Charles Ready. 6 George W Jones. 7 J V Wright. 8 F KZoUilcqffer. t J CD Atkins. 10 W T Avery. alabama. 1 Jas A Stallworth. 2 Eli 8 Shorter. 8 James F Dowdell. 4 George 8 Houston. 5 Sydenham Moore. 6 W B W Cobb. 7 J L M Curry. Mibsoubi. 3 John B Clark, to fill a vacancy. Pabkee County. - We are glad to learn that things are improving in the new county of Parker, where tbe effects of bad Beasons have been severely felt. We have a letter from Weatherford, dated Aug. 15, whieb says- 'Oar town is still improving ; lived over the dry weather ; has got its hide wet, and, 1 think, will thrive. Grain enough, I think, to keep us from going to Egypt for bread, as we have been doing for three years past. It is in good time: money all ^one, and in many instances every hoof of stook. Think the Legislature will hear our prayer for relief in the extension of time on our land." ' Genj Ifes^e Combe has beet elected to the Vgislature.jof Kentucky. His laty died on the \h inst., after^along illness. ' New QiWob is reported to ke still exempt yellow fove^. ^ t^- We leant from the ludtanok Bulletin that, " st jleek, | g�ind" son of Capt. Place, of the Charlei Morgan, tell overboard frooUhe steamship While ittng at the.NWf at Powder\ori>,�nd w 4�wnel ^ tar-::    , sessional OoJo Win) frorn^e Citizen tba| the first commqice on the "Com';*"�t and " The Frontier Patriot," which is a decided improvement on the term Border Buffain, gives a good accouDt of tbe progress of Northern Texas :- Tbe county of Lamar has had an abundance of rain for all necessary purposes. Corn crops will be large this season-cotton, ditto. The surveying corps of tbe M El P & P R R Co. are now employed in making out theii maps of surveys, in Paris, Lamar county. The Board of Directors of tbe M El P & PRE C were in Paris. The Patriot says that th-i Southern Pacifle Railroad Company, some time since, landed their new Steam Car al Swanson's Landing, and in a r-hon time it will operate on their tem porary road from that point to Marshall. It is calculated that in 20 months the road will be built within seventy miles of Puris, on tbe 82d parallel Tebuantepee Route. Recent accounts from Mexico, represent public sentiment there as mucb elated at the prospect oi having art American company open the route across the Isthmus of Tebuantepeo, with ocean steamers to New York, New Orleans and California.   It is believed a treaty will aoon be formed grantirTg the right of way, in perpetuity, to the United States, for a consideration.  On tbe Golf side tbe Coat-zocoalcoa river is the horbor.    It has a t'ood bur, with 14 feet water, is half a mile wide and very deep for 24 miles to Minalitlan ; tbence navigable fof small Bleamers to Bachil, 100 miles.   Ou the Pi^cifieuicte a splendid harbor ia found at Ventosa, at the. mou\b of ^to_T*iliu�ntepeo river, uiu u�j ur>| Ventosa heiuffjjeeg and safe.   Therteen miles up A Soooebsfdl CBUiss.--The Rev. (J. W. Thomae of the Georgia Conference, M. E. Cbnrch, South, has returned borne after three years' cruise ae Chaplain on tbe U. S. sloop Jamestown, Commander Ward.   The Southern Christian Advacate says : He has returned In good health, excepting a nervous affection, the reanlt of long exposure to the beat of the tropics. After a oruise of 87,000 m iles, during whicli twenty-five foreign ports were visited, each twice and some three times, she bab returned, and that from some of the mot-t unheailhj tropicsl �tations, without the lose of a man, and with a crew among whom the good order and tbe unfre-quency of punishment were especially noteworthy. Much of tbis latter result is attributed to the example and teachings of the Chaplain, whom Com. W. characterizes as "peculiarly fitted" for this work. We hope that the readers of the Advocate may hear directly from Brother Thomas something of the varied experiences of bis Be a and foreign life. We clip the tollowing from tbe Mobile Register of tbe loth inst: Hon. Edwabd Stanley, Black Republican Candidate fob Governob of Califobnia.-Some men are ufilioted with an unconquerable thirst for notoriety. If it can be achieved legitimately and no temptation is offered for a sacrifice of principle, tbey pass through life with tbe reputation of patriots, but if on the other hand the road to honest preferment is obstructed, and by an unscrupulous surrend'-r of faith, or a shameless abandonment of friends and home, they oan purchase place, the world is not left in doubt long as to what intensity of public scorn and odium they deserve. Edward Stanley was a member of Congress from North Carolina, a slave State, and he must be meat stupidly credulous who believes that uuder such ciroumstancea, in becoming the representative of Black Republican doctrines in California, Mr. Stanley has not deliberately weighed tbe chances and deserted the South upon a careful calculation of "profit and loss.11 "Ob for a tongue to curse the slave Whose treason like a deadly blight Cornea o'er the counsels of the brave To blast them in their hour of might." Brief, however, is ihe irium^h and bitter the retribution which follows sueli apostuo\.   Men may "love the treason," hut they "hate the traitor " ^DHESDAY, APGD8T 28, 1857 Nsw 0*x�*jjs Mail.-The mail for New Orleans will olow ati� o'clock a. m. to morTOW (Thursday) and will \mmt en tha steamship o'oloek�i& . tar Tbe^Bteamer San Antonio, Capt. Menard, arrived last nigbt from Houston, with 18 bales cotton, 5 do wool, 5 do domestics, 18 hides, 10 sacks grain and the following passengers :-Jno. B. Syd-nor, Davis, Watson, Curl, 8 on deck and 1 hog. t3T The steamer Jenkins, Capt. N. P. Speers, arrived last night from the ship yard. She will hereafter run regularly in the Houston and Harris-burg trade. Our friend Henry Bebrman goes as 1st Purser and our young friend "Little Tschudy" as second Parser. Success to her. ST" The Railroad Bridge Ordinance appears in our oolnmns to-day. The Report of the oomm it-tee will appear to-morrow. I^ST The Canal Board met yesterday and adopted preliminary measures for improving tba Canal, as suggested by the S ate Engineer, in order t  justify the expenditure of tbe public money on the intermediate bays. SABrax Rivxb.-Tbe State Engineei haa advertised for proposals te improve the navigation of the Sabine river from tbe neighborhood of Madison to BacoWs Bluff in Bnsk county, a distance a little over 700 miles by water. The amount appropriated for that *trearn is something over $58,000. Bids will be received till tbe 5th of October. Tho Crockett Printer presents its readers with very fine likeneses of its editor, Mr. Dalton, and Matt Dale, of the Palestine Advooate- They are both strikingly accurate and handsomely embellished with printers' iuk. K,noxTille Convention. nd that no very decided results will tillow the meafcg of tbe nxwi Southern Conves-on at Knoxville. **^,patoil to the Augusta (Ga.) Constitutionalist, giwifc^ij,,,^ Itvon 0f the rooeedings on the third day �nhe session "The businesBoommitteereporn^^ointionadis-approving of free trade and direct '�'r�ui-i, nguinnt AN ORDINANCE, To proi/eam^aOU construction of a Bridge to emmet* the termi*uf&ikf Sail Bond, at Virginia Point, oft the Main land, �*k.t]u! Idand of Qoieesio*. W Haul as, The City CoVi^iLu aapeoist meeting held the seventh day of May laSv^JM antartain the project of extending aid aud,aesistailB�-totbe'Galveston, Houston & Henderson Bail Boad D�� in their enterprise of constructing a rail way      _ t            ~>    .!.. fc.m1a2----: 1 the oity of Galveston to the towa or Henderson in A Small Chanse, not fob the betteb. -- The papers state that a large number of counterfeit dimes are now in circulation In the city of Hudson. One firm in that city has taken within two days about a dozen . They are a good imitation of the genuine, having the ring and oolor. If we are not mistaken every Congressman in the south who voted agaiimt the Kansas-Nebraska bill, lias been defeated or laid on the shalf. The two K. N's. now elected from Tenueseee and the only one trom North Carolina, have always supported that bill, asitis stated. The only two southern Senator^ who voted against it, but whose terms have not expired, have been defeated in the selection of thb respective Legislatures which are to elect tbeir successors. tion of one slave to each slaveholder from seizure for debt-in favor of ereoting Arizonia into a territory, and in favor of recovering certain land lost by a certain treaty with Mexico. The committee also reported that, in their judg ment, tbe proper time had not arri vedfor the Southern Commercial Convention te express an opinion on the policy of reopening the African slave trade. A resolution was adopted recommending to the consideration of the Government tbe policy of withdrawing our squadron from the African coast. Tbe Convention determined that their next meeting should be held in Montgomery, Aia." The Knoxville Register, of the 18th inst., says : "As yet, we regret to say, the result of the labors of the convention have amounted to nothing at all that can in any wise be regarded as promotive of tbe commercial interests of tbe South. We have no idea when the convention will adjourn ; but we do think that the eight hundred men who constitute the convention are making up a barren record to go before the country as an evidence of the utility of tbeae gatherings. We have been struck with the fact that the most practical men on the floor of the convention, have, as yet, bad but little to say. Tbe time haB been mainly consumed by men whose only purpose seems to have been to divert tne business of tbe convention from its legitimate sphere. So we fear it will betUUhe hour of final adjournment." The New Orleans Picayune Bays' " The Register is not Si�ne in tbe opinion that tbe convention is "making ap a barren reoord to go before tbe country as an evidenced the utility of these gatherings." The Picayune, referring to the propositiom^on-cerning the slave trade, remarks : ^ �It i-i to be noted that neither of the projects upon which they are commenting is a commercial proposition. They are both of the moBt decided oharaeter of politics, and in that point of view, they show that the Knoxville. Convention-one of a series designed originally to be industrial-and commercial-is getting to be decidedly, if not entirely, political, to assume the existenoe of a crisis in the country, and to act as a committee of safety. This is a great expansion of the original design of these gatherings, and they have not had aueh suoeesB in either capacity, as to persuade us that they are likely to he productive of much good J.'re^sPeittt with the Island of Galveston. And did also, Kcontotmity with the charter of incor-porauon of b�w. Citj.^bmit to the qualified voters thereof, the quesft^ ot-a^ creat1oD If a debt of ono hundred thousand dWejs v**-^ on. said design and accomplish tbe BaWSittrkT^ om Bua ae8l�n And whereas, the qualified-voteii,.  . . an election held in Ward Meeting* -fe*""8 with law, and in pursuanoe of publio notRS?/T'r* 19th day of May last, did, by a nearly unaulnii^ vote, approve of and sanction the contract for, ana' creation of, the debt aforesaid, for tbe object and purpose aforesaid.   Therefore: Be it ordained by the Mayor and Aldeuneu of the City of Galveston in Counoilconvened, That the Mayor be authorized, and he is hereby requVed, to enter into a contract and agreement in the name and on the part and behalf ef "The Mayor, Aldermen and Inhabitants-of the City of Galveston* with the Galveston, Houston and Henderson Bail Soad Company concerning the. construction of a Blidge from the present terminus of the rail way of (aid Company at Virginia Point on the main lane, to some convenient and proper point on the ishtodo' Galveston, to be designated and located nnde�tie direction of said Company ; in which said coutrnt and agreement, tbe Mayor is authorized and em, powered to engage, undertake and stipulate that tht corporation of the City will construct and build thel said Bridge, or cause the same to be done, accord-' ing to, and in conformity with, suob plan as tbe jgteamer Texas, for past favors. Engineer of said Company, or other officer or agent designated and appointed by it, shall advise, devise and present, or approve of, and that the work of construction of tbe said Bridge shall progress, be carried on and performed undertheauperinteudance, supervision and inspection of said Engineer^ or other officer or agent of said oompany designated jSy it for the performance of suob duU ; provided bovver, that the cost of construction of the work aforeinid to be paid by the City of Galveston shall not exceM^the aforesaid Bum of one hundred dollars. And that rt-�hall be required of said Galveston. Houston and K�nderson Railroad Company by proper covenants,stl^intions and agreements, to be inserted in the said cdtiMyw that in consideration of tbe covenants, stipulatrv^a anc| undertakings of the Corporation of the City, atn cf tjje use, occupation and possession of tbe said bm^e when constructed and built, that the said Railroai Company ahall and will put the iron rails, and othe> necessary fix- TfcrjRsliAy, AUGUST 47, 1367. � toeaable '"wMtawwal .J2�M�fte Uaifew mo�U� �ett�r� aave bees expended tot u whiBB to�Mtier-wUh oorfortteriaii la eUlntiig �ap�rtoitJ.--~.^n,n, ,;a Without boash*^ the Civilian c'aims to have been in advance ol ��ery paper in the SUM in receiving and publfihihg to*, returns of this elec tion-in the number and cor*ec een very generally copied without credit. The Telegraph is tbe only paper which has even approximated, tbe fullness of our returns. Wo have been enabled to do so through tbe kindness of friends in sending u >c� �na '�ar. 33s Hughes, Miss Braman, Bradbery, Chubb, Hurll, Bennou, Demiap. |y The steamer Texas, CapV-C. C. Speers, arrived this morning from Houston, wTtk g bales cotton, 1 do moss, 112 hides, 5 boxes butter and eg^s- We return our thanks to Mr. J. Hooper of the Steamer Eclipse, and Mr. W. C. Carnes of the tures,  r taste r location dreotlyVfacfng about oily and in ole of tie most pros-r^heolty, esptaiallyin mechanics affordsa_li4, i ^tiuti, several Jallev^ry dfr and can |pftas can ho prodned in any f, and herejtter vi expect to hli cultivation of ^le^Cherry, fbe Dunn. ^BeJaldtthe �e whloh lQJhat offeol. Tbis appears to ave been a little too much for the sensitive nature F,f Briggs; and we are told thai he seized his shot- j gnn, remarking, " Brown, you bave had sour fun,1 now I'll have mine,* took deliberate aim at hi m and fired, hilling him almost instantly. Philosopher GreeV can put lis into the Bcale as a tompensation for ihe Burde!l�ff�ir, in his oom-pirison of Southern �nd Nortbei) society. ---i--j- The Souther^ Commerohl Convention, it appears, adopted 4e resolntito, expressing an -opinion^ft�t-the (featy stipaptiou with Great Britiun>forniainUi^Dg ajoinlnaval force ou the roaat'pf Afrfc*, ongb* to be abjogated. Yeas 66, B*JV*8� Cvi� : T�n^ssee, N�rh Carolina, and - A r��W1 ^n, deolSjing that j'it is inexpedient and oontSiij .to the seiled polio] of the country, to repeal tb�4J f,Wohibilng toe Atican slave trade," was reject*? ^r"-�\ote ft StSes rkas, 40, (Georgia, Maryland, oith Caro^ia, ^ndpenuessee ;) nays 5a,(Alabai�, Arkapi the river is tbe town of Tehuantepec, containing a Mexican population of 10,000 Tri� land travel between navigable point either aide, Is about 90 miles, over which a line of American stages is to be establUhgi.thia/"Hr *B'le the railroad wiU ]w-aerf��e5Try"'pro8eonted to^om pletlonr-- Tbe great advantages of this, over any otberlsth-mian route, are a saving of 2,000 miles sea Uavel; a high and healthy country from ocean to oioan ; and its adaptation, in consequence, to an Anerican or European population; and the ample guamnteea of protection to life and properly, under tbejoiDtas-surance of Mexioo and the United. This route, too, and its development, is a Southern enterprise, having its head quarters in New Orleans. We regard its Bucoesi'ul developement as of the highest importance to Galveston, which will be manifested whei-ever we get a railway connecli^a wi'.b the Missisi-ippi river, and, tb�' secure a line of steamers and an immense passenger and freight comraunici-liou direct from Galveston to Minatitlan, a distante of seven hundred miles. Perilous Aie Dance.-Mon. Marion announced a balloon ascension from Troy on Saturday afternoon.   He was to be accompanied-so said the bills by a young lady of that city, but fortunately for the young lady, she was not on hand. Tbe ascension was from the lot near the Onion depot. A little after the hour appointed the ropes were cut, and the balloon with its master gracefully-commenced tbeir vo\age. When some sixty feet up. the aeronaut threw out a bag of sand ballast, and in doing so came near throwing himself out, for  ~pfrouette, now spinning around like a top, uo� nearly turning a Enmmerset aud everybody dreading a final and fearful catastrophe. But on it went cutting up these antics, the voyagerc.ol apparently as one if not several cuenmhers. until it came down immediately on the Imi k of the river ju-t beyond the Olympus Mills, where the hundreds who were afoot, on horseback and in buggieB had givc-n excited chaise, found our hero stanliug erect and collected us the'moment be "'cut the ropes."- He was reconveyed to the oity in triumph, and the affair doubtless gave more satif-fic vn and made more talk aud excitement than had it U-t-n in the highest degree successful. - Albany Tmet> J^* Jolin Mitchell, tbe Irish exile, is publishing a series of able, erudite and scathing letters in ihe New York "Irish News," in advocacy ol southern negro slavery, and withering condemnation of the mock philanthropy oi both Old and New .England, lie writes from nis residence, Knoxvi , Tennessee. taking the ohair as President of the Convention, published in the Delta under the following caption, in full face type : 'The Condition and Resources of the South, and what she would be as a Separate Republic." We presume this to be the language of ihe Delta. We confess that we have some times been driven to contemplate the prospect of the South to maintain a separate existence from tho North, and that we do not despair of our ability to stand and pros- Railroad Company shall pay, satisfy, discharge and keep down the interest upon the funds of the City issued for the construction of the work, as the Bawe shall fall or accrue due, or shall, by other means; save, keep harmless and indemnify tbe Corporation of the City of and from any claim or demand thereof ; that the said Railroad Company Bhall, at all times keep and preserve the structure of the said bridge, in good and perfeot repair; and Anally, will ( acquire the right and property in the said bridge t, by paying and discharging or otherwise returning - I and canceling the bonds issued by the Corporation u . , . ,-, . i -1 ... of the City for the construction thereof at or before But we do not like to see the idea, with , ^^j, of the sarae; and shall also build with per alone all the solemn reflections and consequences which ! a|j reasonable despatch the line of the road from r uttered by j the end or termination of the bridge on the island This morning a negro man belonging to Cipt. C. C. Speers, took a fit and fell overboard frtm the Steamer Texas. His body was recovered in *bout five minutes; but life was extinct. We learn by a private letter that M' r Crockett Jones, son of Maryland Jones. ^"I-' �' Lavaca county, Texas, was recently ^bbed three times by a Mexican in Jackson co'~'x^'   ew   8X1 , . . i   i , ,^>'i of his left arm, co, which caused the amputal T" ^   The Mexican.�a- and left bis recovery doub:fui^\ caped by mounting Jones' horse. Mr. Jones is a n�phew of the junior rof the must attend it, rendered too familiar, or every flippant politician, � who desires agi tation.- j to the City^of SaU-ton^^ 00senants by the And the said contract -  J ' or agreement, shall also contain covenants by the The-e idle expressions of a desire to destroy tbe j Corporation of the city and the said Railroad Cornier        -     - -      ' � � "   " 1   " -1.-11   v - By the i owers, its meself that'the free, undisturbed use, occupation and posses-hopes to live to see the day when you will be i biyn ot lbe said bridge so long as it shall well and . ,       .,      ,, ,   , . ... ,     truly keep & peiform the engagements, covenants weepiu' over the cold turf that covers me hfeless j Stipulations specified and contained in the said body. Then we'll see how you get aloug without' contract, to be kept and performed hr it; but that me.'' . on failure thereof, the Corporation of the City of --*** 1- i Galveston, by its officers or ag�n�, shall b*ve the right, and may re-enter upoa tie said fridge, and dispossess the said Railroad Company thereof, any United States Sectors. - The Legislatures of Tennessee, Virginia, Texas, Kentucky and Alabama are to eiect United Stales Senators al tbeir next ressions. Tennessee ba~ to select two, and Texas will ptobably do ho like-vise, though lieu. Hc-u.-i u has still two winters lo serve. Of the fifty-tone members of the Senale during the last Congress, no less than five died since lbe adjournment, v iz : Messrs. C ayi"U, ut Delaw aro j iiuijj of lVcw Hampshire ; Adaina, ol Mississippi ; ButJer, ut South C*r-oliuti : uiid Hunk, of Texas. The Southern Convention, The \dW Orleans Time* thus speaks of   staodine. The proceeding, ol the delegates to the South- mSec-      That it is h.reby made tbe duty of the ,   K       . , .-? . e,       ,, ; Mayor, upoo consu-"ation wnb the Engineer, or em Commercial Convention al knoxville are now p'r0>er offi(wr or agent of Ihe said Railroad before our readers.   W e learn that there were as Compttnyi by a notice or advertisement, to he pub-many as a thousand    ersons  present-a larger ; lished in such newspapers as he may deem neees-number than at any previous meeiing of thesaine sary and proper, to invite proposals for the con h.idv.   The resolutions brought forward were, as'sanction of said bridge according to the plans pre numerous to be effective.   It is quite sented and approved; and he shall in said publi an assemhly to discuss aud properly \ cation give notice that the City Council reserves newh tilrv resolutions in'four davs, the more es- i anJ w'" exercise tbe right of awarding tho con inds of those present are of tract ,or the construction of said bridge to the proposal or bid which may be considered most eligible, Civilian, and � young man of blaruele�snr Vjnos^-never having had a difficulty before, to o^ .�  etrpr, tn his life. _ ' _f the [r~The Telegraph gives a present state of trade at Housi ties of bagging and rope "or daily.   There early opening of lb The . Corps of E^freers of tbe Sabine un  Paso Mail Teams Risoovkred.-The San Ansnio Tcxian state, that Capt. Whuiug of the 2djavalry, who went in pursuit of the Indians ths attacked Capt. Wallace and his party with the Sai Diego Mail, has overtaken the Indians and re cajtured all the mules and horses taken from the trim. ..-uai, too impossible for i although it may not be tbe lowest i&jirice ; or to ihall be deemed unsalisfne- THE" Crops of the Middle and Western S'a'.es were perhaps never so abundant as they are ihe present season. It seems also, from tbe last ue-oountr. that there are magnificent harvests iu England, France and Spain, together with a belter vintage in France than there has been for years. Breadstuff* will undoubtedly beoheap and abun dant. pecially when tbe the clas" that will waste a larfje portion of two days in deciding whether a Northern reporter shall "or TejeetTlT if the sam shall not take a seat at the table. 'tory.   And he shall require persons proposing and Due or two of the resolutions were equally ridi s bidding for the said work to state within what culous. but the Convention bad the good sense time they will complete tbe same; how, and when, speedily to smother them. We aliude to those the payment therefor will be required; and what complaining of emigraiiou .itid the inroads that had  amount and porti<.n0f the price, of any, may be C^Ho and Fdlton Railroad.-The SpringfieU (HI.) Journal says that "Mr. Bryman, President �f the Cairo and Fulton Railroad Company of Mil souri, has perfected negotiations for three thousand1 tons ot h,1 r�paratory to the letting our, of conir�ot�." Victoria.-The Advtx>�te says that th^ Gaada-, loupe river is exceedingly low, affording Capt. Dycus an excellent ormai'""'ij' " execute hia contract' He haa rigingof forty hands at work, and is mafc ing rapid progress. Heisuowat work, at Hunt) place, having removed every obstruction below] The Advocate says, the crops throughout a largj portion of Western Texas have turned out badly) (although in the vicinity of Victoria corn and colt ton have done well. "New England Cotton iMillb Stopped. - Tfe Providence Journal, of the 18th inst., says :       J The number of looms that have been stopped h New England, in consequence of the high price if �olton and the low price of goods, is abont six thoi-s�nd, and orders have been given to stop marj more, as fast as the yarn runs out.   We heai youerdkj of two large mills that will run only t|l thecotton now in process of manufacture is ei liawted.  Tbis is the only remedy.   We talk of tie short supply of cotlon.   The evil is not there-itfe the over supply of cotton machinery.   The loons now in operation aro not only too many for t|a supplj of cotton ; they are too many for thedemai for cotton goods at anything like the prices wbi4 alone, tt the present cost of the raw material, cm return a new dollar for an old one.   In Eugland thirty thousand looms have been stopped, aui prices hiveqnickly responded to the judicious coi-tailment �f production. Loins Napoleon's Secret Body Guard. - At Plombieres His Majesty, Louis IN'upoleon, is well prelected and is rarely seen on promenade. 411 the arrivals of foreigners al the Springs, ortlw neighboring villages are guarded by the police until their identity or intentions are satisfae^fy. In an isolated village the means of guarding The Emperor's person against danger **re much Ie-? difficult than ut Paris. The gen'lcmnn wh has charge of i'o-Police Dc Surtte. especially charged with the pr .-tecth-n of his MajestjV person, is said to be a num in whom Ihe utmost reliance is placed by the Government. The Emperor's onlv objection is, that he guards him too closely, -his movements are too much interfered with. Aud yet this body of police, from its chief officer down, is known to nobody. Ttie Emperor, himself, knows no more of this secret body, thBn the chief who directs It. Tbey are gentlemen in ordinary dress, bat gentlemen who are armed, and who carry on their persons an authority by which they can call to their aid the soldiers od guard, or even citizens, in a case of emergency. They are picked men from that wonderful organization, tbe secret police of Paris. His Majesty knowB that a ; body of these men aie always hovering about him wherever be goes, taking note of the BlighteBl movement, far aud near, and operating all under an intelligent but invisible chief.-Paris Letter. - -� � �--- ->u July Vesuvius.-A letter li om .'is^u&terranean noises says : "For soiuJ,t;_"V5-'Vesuvius indicated an ap-heord^j^-'jStfiption, and the inhabitants in the frifjfnborhood of tbe mountain were under considerable alarm. During tbe last fortnight the smoke thrown up from the crater has become much thicker than usual, and the evening before last a long train of liquid fire was Been descending on the side of Ottajuuo, at a place called Fosso del Faraone, an immense ravine opposite the sea, and out of reach to any danger to the inhabitants of Portici, Kesini and Torre del Greco. At Naples an immense crowd assembled to witness the spectacle, and at night a number of foreigners proceeded to the mountain, the torches of tbe guides being visible in every direction. The lava has already run a distance of abont half a mile." Tt.NNESfcicE Banks - Iu Tennessee the law- require that all bunks and branch banks shall make semi-antiuu1 return to the Governor of the State, verified l.\ the affidavit ,.f the President and Cashier of the Bunk, Bhowing the names of all its storkh-lders, the amount ot stock owned by each irulividuol or company, tho amount oi monej' actually paid into the funds ot each Bank on each ahare, respectively, mid "he anvoint of tlie discounts of each Bank. The law declares "that e�ch and every Bank or Branoh Bark, which mar be guilty of a violation of any of tie provisions cfthiB act. f-huli oe subject to presentment or indictmeDl f.,i every such "tiVnco, in the Circuit Court of the county in which such offending J?ank or Branch is located ; and upon conviction, shall be punished by a line of not less than five hundred nor more than ten thousand dollarB." These requirements are apparently very positive, and intended to be very strictly lollowed, yet we learn from the Naahvifle Union that the following Banks have not yet complied with the law : Bank of Claiborne, Bank of Tazewell, Bank of Knoxville, Bank   of  Chattanooga,  Union   Bank. Bank of the Union, Bank of Trenton, Bank of Fari^, and Bunk of West Tennessee, Memphis None of tho B^raj^cJifis.// , paid and discharged in trie bonds of the City authorized by this Ordinance to be issued. Sec. 3. That when tbe time limited and appointed by the Mayor in his notice f.o the reception -.f the proposals shall hi.ve expired, the proposals and bids for the constriirtion of said work which ma.7 j��-vs been received by him shall be reported and presented by him to the council, who will thereupon ex amine the same and award the contract t. de for t'hTeonslrue'ioo^?1 Southern spirit. It required very much time to ttaid work within the said sum of On** *T~�-wi pass Mr. Spratt's able amendment to the resolution  thousand Dollars ; or the most vK^rme proposal or il^. opratt, for many bid Bhould exceed that : or such changes, additions and improvements should be made 5*#o u toead>lea>�^L>! > ban art r - TwaidieA tort^e CSviUaa.} AsAimAs, Tbu, Ang. lata, US1 D. 8. HowABjt, Esq^ew York City. -Door Sir:-In aoeordan*, with yonr nqneat, I yesterday wurt on board you>TJredgingM*eni�*> now at work at the Mad Flats Setween and Corpus Christi baya, and measul^ itaverk. -1 oarefullychained one eighth of a mlMj)80 feet) on the dry btnk of the canal, and placed aU^a* �|, a definite diftanoe from the other bank, on �b^k the machint was working, by which I found- 4* width cut njlformly 8 ft. 2 Inohee. The depth wis 9 ft. 6 inoha below the surface of the water, 8 ft. � inches deep. The time occupied in cutting 660 i%-was 3 noun and 24 minutee. '     ^ The amcont of olay excavated, elevated ll_f*�\ above water, and by a spout depoeltioY* ft. abo*e,r*; water, at a lateral distance of 8*>ft. froj^aa^hrt- ' kete, 18.516 oubio yardB in the tine * equivalent to 53,049 oubio ft. or Slo^iuMftjanU, (say 8225 tons) per day of 10 hours, wVJJNm oori o| jggrt. ..l^tetha^lW�� Ifci |t|i|l.^li^ I find the oanal already out between * fMt.water~ on each side, nearly 4,000 feet long, S3*(let wide, with 7 to 10 feet water 1n depth. * ^      4 Vessels of 25 feet beam, and 6 feel draught can now pass from sea to corpH Caristi. I embrace this occasion, to"congratulate you en the very successful performance of yout raaahine. and reoiain Your moat ob>�erv't, Wrfrtl- JONES. We publish^* �hoSB-i�itf�rof Mr. William IJ. Jones, a reliable mi well intttfmed gentleman, with great pleasure. VornatCbrtgy may well rejoice at the earlj' remov^^KBt' jnoabua which hae weighed dow* her otherwise advantageous looality; while onr *hole coast is'deeply interested in the succe** o^all such #*peri��nta. Larkdo, Tkxa3, Aug. 6th, 1851. Eds. Ctviliaij :-We have suffered for the laat-six wiwks with intensely hot weather The-'l^er^ m^>rieter carefully registered, three timos at Mc Intosh, near this Town, baa shown at 4 o'clock p. m. on (our or five different days-108 * 118 degrees Fahrenhint. Being in the shade and in a draft of air.   This may be regarded as a very �ola,l -\SalT h � i Cine, '* Kmc i:L>. Fa iSTBV] H, . Sti F.Pa taprm taeoomi I & CO Calveal lair Li '"."TTWl*~-�li* �ut the same degree, so that there can be no incorrectness. On two of our hot days, the thermometer beirgj-'placed in the sun, went up at 2 p. m. to 140 and r^Ldegreea espectively^_Resp^ectiully, Freedom ol Oplnlo'TOKlt t: San Francisco Bullelin_J&�e�.�nd ""Ifrtor vemel, �omprll< r.   c       �   e �   if oetween Qalveiton md New Vc v. Dr. Scott, in h^*-Wharton, 7SO tone, O. Gate. son from tW Scriptures, lafs??flV^if^<|�AJMt -kl(ii�-'',nb eA!i0(fc)X9 mitation ot religious/toleration.   v, P � �! foofm^,, mgs of the Testajiient, and by tfin     JQ 0 J w By the last mail we received a printed circular as long as Kiuney'a letr, puifing some body's aiti-phlogistio salt, down in Boston, as u regular cire-all, with request to read, favorably notieo, &c. Ami 1 thought we, anti !-that means opposition t> Deonocracy. Phlogistic! i.e., inflammatory- that means Know Nothiugistii - then ihe fellow is opposed to Democracy and Know Nothingsira both, and ergo, must be an Abolitiouer-ao we can't respond. As to ihe salt, we knew Democracy was already the Salt of tho earth," and we had no use for any ulher sort. So Mr. An:i-PI.logistic Salt individual, down in Besting, you -an slide. and laws of the y'nited States, he saiv. -��  tor-and asi coercion has never been known to change an opinion, so its use is no where authorised. Therefore, however much it may grieve a Christian to see his neighbor an idolator, or an unbeliever-further than argument and persuasion- he cannot interfere. Tbe Mussulman is permitted to raise his mosque, and address his prayers to Mahomuied-and - Chinese idolator to dedicate his temple to hi? .leathen gods-with the same freedom that the Christian builds his church, and worships the Deity. But it must be recollected that this perfect liberty of religious belief does not mean the toleration of any act forbidden by law, which may be perpetrated uud.r the cloak of religion. A man has aright to believe what he pleases; butauoh belief does not eicuse him iu the doing of an aot that i- forbidden As an example, it is criminal to steal ; and though (if such a thing were posslbM) the Presbvieiiaii, or Methodist, or Baptist Churches should adopt ii as one ot its dogmas, that ita )"�?�  Ola scold led ag eir st Zeal without KsowLtniiE.- While tho recent Wesloyan Conference was in session at Liverpool the "Manchester Ladies' Anti-Slavery Soeio'y protested against ihe reception of Bishop Simpsojo^in. Dr. McCliutock. as delegates from  th " Episcopu|_J2iiu*-^* 'n tbe U 11^22- -j-etitrt these gentlemen vV�.J>_*-*mT'icl';'''1 Of slaveholding," and asking the C ml.-reuce to "exhort them to return and 1->>o' to free tbe Metho ChUf**       Aoi-ri.-v i i which they clie guilt of eonip [iroiitn tiarv  to snip and e m-t members nad a tight to steaU^,""^ �^*P��: ish lticm for would bave to J to the tw Sis I asserting the sin concerning the slave trade. years, as editor of' tbe Charleston Standard, has diligently labored to enforce upon the South the necessity of reviving the slave trade, lie was reviled and ridiculed for his opinions; even ihe Charleston Mercury looked upon bis views as ex travagant. Now, however, litJe ia turning; England and France are openly discussing me| ton, the Plan as at present agreed upon and fettled, aa would increase the cost of construction beyond the sum, and tbe said GalveBton. Huston and Henderson Rail Road Co^p-"? should desire the said proposals to >- *^*  Sen'i a I ristiao lellov as -:iry with slavo-y, eni'ivIll-illr. of in.o.i  with their question, and it is quit, popular to express one s ; ent= ml^ ^ ^ ^ pric6 opinion on this miptxtain matter. >hove the said pnm of Qae handred thoaB. We like men vA� bave the courage to speak ^ Do]larSi and upon tha agre9ment of the said ren in this country." TheTTdnieiem^-.-v--a^_uoti. of the memorial. The N. Y. Commercial Advertiser, IS n-A^m not enough, takes occasion to say, that Bishop Simpson and Dr. McCiiut.ick are two of the most earnest anti-slavery men in the Methodist Church North, aud have no connectioi wi'h the Methodist Church South. contractor, or eon tractors to accept and receive the plain truths, and accordingly we shall utter one now. Slavery without the Slave Tbade is an j u"nd"er"uking and liability of said Rail Road Co. iMP*afECT institution. When our fore-fathers . lheI.eforj and not to make any claim or demand blindly consented to destroy theone, they robbed I ,pon the City of Galveston for, or on account of the other of its vitality. It is quke impossible for; such excess the one to be wrong and the other rivjht.   Granted ;   Seo. --.-..Banks have Another Reorganization. - The Washington .orrespondent of tin New Orieabs Delta states that the Mexican Gulf and Henderson Railroad Company of Texas have determined to suffer a lor lei t o, their charter, and then apply to the. Lee islature to incorporate a new company. The writer says this is to be done with a view of iretting rid of certain obnoxious parties in New York, who now control the present charter. " The moneyed men of the corporation are not willing to risk their cash with these parties, and there seems to be but the one way to get rid ot them." Firidt, Louisiana, M.is- ajjsippi,Sofb. CaroUnMn  iWf^ JlheJSLUBtin papen atjte that Chief Justice Hemphll ha been seleotel \ deliver the oration upon 4i M �nd �fvloe8,tf^e;l�ta. Hon. Thomas J. Bo�. ate pleased t�}o the:,�nnounoement, and sfwthit Judge Hemptt wiii render such a just ibute ti the memory koe deceased, as wil? go d)rn to {Uterity w a psfc, the fame of bott \the;rator ank his anbjeot.  | ' Ittow F|vJ�o�-BoAJaD \T India Sikahebs, -4e yellow fever, we aw b|,r j;nglj8h fileg by t(Peraia^^r�kiDgdreadfufipagegon board the fctIn�Pfc SontbamptorLi)Bteamers. For mpleflLe1 Cly)le,whioh not^ gjnce ]eft Kin4. Ja.,for;8t. Thomas, to 0^ there with tba tinooo, had eight deaths out voyage, (of four layaonly,) with �*w�t m*0/igerously siok.- the paaaengan ware treneWpp|nt0 ^ Orinoco, kt St.ThoB>�ai but before they lyed at Liverpool tat of tbe seventy-�ve persons a^ed> ticenty-eigU � Bft Lov�,� aeaVJ The D��, L-Advil tbad ta W the - iwhi���woa ImhensbObgan.-Tbe great organ recently placid in the town hail of Liverpool is one of the marvafc of musical mechanism.   It consists of four rows if keys, sixty-thre� notes ; and two octavea�fld a half of pedals, thirty notes. There are 108 stops aof 8,000 pipes, varyiig in length from 82 feet to three eighths of an inck, ten octaves apart.  Tbe graoi source of wind ia ^om two immense bellows, eaci having three feeder*, placed in the vaults below tht floor of the hall. These are blown by a steam-erf gine, consisting ofptir of oscillating cylinders.T Tbere are besides twelve other bellowB, or reservoiri,: each giving its own appropriate- pffjjssure of air t� those stops or plpe� vthiob it supplies.   Tbe pneui. matic lever is appliedto each of the manuals dia^ tinolly, and also distinttly or separately to manual couplers.  To the peda^ organ there is a double set of pneomatio levers ; b%t the most elaborate use of of this power is found iujts application to the combination of stops-of bei&g exhibited in a compound form to etch organ individually, and 10 tho wjiolo collectively, where by"out operation the player is enabled to produce a combination of Btops upoiTthe entire Instrument at once. StbakInvention.-The Baton Kotige Gazette, under tbe above heading, has the lollowing : Wm. St. Martin, of this city, has invented an engine, which can be constructed, boiler and all for about$50. The machine is so simple thai wemight with propriety, say it is merely an escape pipe, tak ing up no more room. The steam is admitted into the centre of a drum or cylinder, in which theihaft works ; from this, the power ia applied directly without further friction. The other day we Baw\tbe perfected model of the engine, pumping water about twenty feet, and throwing it into a reservoir at Ihe brewery. This is the apparatus wanted^ for gettijg in a cheap manner, one or two horse power to dme small machinery. Free Neoboks.-Genit Smith, in arecently published letter, says that his expectations in regard to his gifts of land to colorod men have not been fully realized.  He Bays: Of the three thousand colored men to whom I gave land, probably less than fifty bave taken and continue to hold possession of their grants. What is worse, half the three thousand, as I judge, have either sold their land, or been so careless as to allow it to be sold for taxes. We have been presented with an ear of com containing about 1200 grains, grown by Mr. (iritiin on finey. Mr. G. says it is a lair sample 01 his crop, which we think m st be an ex raordinary one for tbisBeason.-Bastrop Advertiser. Our friend Griffin left the corn growing valley of theDes Moines in Iowa to try Texas. He ought to be satisfied with the change.- Civilian. that cruelties have been committed on slavers al most equal to those still perpetrated 00 Livrepool emigrant ships ; but this does not proie that the system is wrong. Brutal captains are very rare in comparison to brutal husbands, and yet we still lane a pnue in spesKTngor the sanctity of nnvrriage. In fact we can find flaws in the most pertectinsii-. utions whenever we choose to do so, but on ac count of those flaws it '8 very absurd to destroy ihe building and leave nothing in its place. Much of the abuse of Europe and the North we brought upon ourselves, by declaring the slave] trade illegal. We have done worse; we bave drained our frontier Slates ol the negroes to supply our wants, and left them to fall an easy prey to the Abolitionists. Had the slave trade coutinued,should we nee Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Virginia what (hey are to-day ? Should we have the editors of 1 heir journals standing ou the verge of freesoil-ism, ami dipping their pens daily in gall to wound Southern men ? No; both States and writers would I ave been tiue to the Souih instead of hybrids. The amendment of Mr. Spratt only asks lor an inquiry into (he workings ol slavery and the slave �tade. It will necessarily embiace the coiiditi-.ii ot the negro in Africa, and will bring him before us, as philanthropists would have him, sunk in barhaii-m, and then show us tbe same man civilized and made a useful member of the human tanillv, by means of slavery and her loster sister, the slave trade. That it shall be the duty ot the Mayor, whenever, after a contract shall be entered into for the construction of the aforesaid work, it shall be in his opinion, or that of the City Counoil, requisite and necessary so to do, to issue the bonds of the Corporation of the City, to the extent of One bund red thousand Dollars, or as much thereof as may be necessaay, for the construction of said Bridge, and cause th� same to be negotiated in such maEner, and bysuch means as he may deem most conducive to tHe interest of the City ; the said bonds to be in ^ams of not less than One Hundred nor more than One Thousand Dollars, to be payable iu not less than twelve nor more than twenty years from tbe date thereof, and to bear interest at and after the rate of not more than ten per centum per annum, which interest shall be payable semi-annually on presentation and surrender of the coupons to be thereto attached. Approved, August 26, 1957. JOHN HENRY BROWN. By   the Mayor. Ch>. E. Thompson, Secretary. yields more pounds of land than either wheat ..tton Chop.-The Mobile Mercury Alauama ( says- The verv laical news Irom ihe interior by letters and the newspaper-., indicate a very unpromising condition ol ihe cotton crop. The continuance of tbe w-et weaiher has materially marred the prospect. It is certain that ihe late rains have peue-trated fat into the interior. Tknnessivk.-The Nashville Unieu says that the Democratic majori'v on loint ballot, in theLegis lature ol Tennessee, is fourteen, eight Democrats eitcteil to Congress, and two Kuuw Nothings- and democratic majority for Governor about eleven thousand. Tennessee Election.-The Nashville Banner, referring to tbe recent State election, exprasses its belief that the Democrats w\U have a quorum in the Senate-two-thirds-aud & majority of about twenty on joint ballot. er vessel on the fever. ^ [from the Gila ilaoe between , in which thirty-live Nobth Cabolina Eleotion__ItisnowaaoerUin- ed that tbe Democrats have elected all the Congressional Bepresentatives in North Caroline, except one. In the Fifth Dietriot, 8. X, WiUiaps, Democrat, was beaten by John � Gilmer, American.  ,        -      mi �       . Lmi aud Lakd, well mixed, la one ofthi o�t remedies for  bi " " ~""f' of p*at%*ad apply it, A Pbopheoy SuosEsrwe New York as an Illcb-tbation.-I look upon the Bizeof certain American cities, and especially on the nature of their population, as a real danger which threatens the fnunre seourity of the democratic republics of the New World; and I venture lo predict they will perish from this . lrcumstance, unless the government snc-oeeds in oreating an armed force, which, while it remains under the control of the majority of the nation, will be independent of the town population, and able to repress its excesses.-De Tocqueville.  Movement of Taoops.-Orders have been issued for a body of four hundred and fifty recruits to march from Fert Leavenworth, Kansas Territory, on the 5lb proximo, to reinforoe the regiment of mounted riflemen and the third regiment of infan- j try serving in Mew Mexioo. Several officers of this regiment, now-on leave of absence, will avail themselves of this escort to return to their posts. We have no sympathy for a railway speculator who iB reduced to his last shilling-None for an Ill-tempered man with the toothache.-None for a stout man running after his hat,-Nona for an alderman who is laid up with the gout.-None for a dandy who is splashed by a mud cart1-Kone for a man who loses his umbrella. The Cost of India to Great Britain- Enormous Balance of Tbade aoainst England ~ When tig ures are made to represent tacts, the iruin they reveal sometimes becomes appalling. How much noble blood has already fl-wed to appease tbe demon of vengeance and wrath that seems to have pOBseeseed some of the best nalive troops in British India the di.ily arrivals in England trom thai quarter of the globe too truly announce. The untimely end of the Hon. Col. Finnis at Vleerut, the only brother of tbe Lord Mayor of Lore ion, changed lbe gay and splendid decoiations of the princely mansion of that functionary, designed to give eeiat lo his grand entertainment on the lot h July, into tile sad emblems of grief and domestic ftnic'.ion. U the Bengal Hurkaru of May 19th we find tbe reioltini! details of the mutiny at Meerut, and a list of the murdered, including men, women and child ren. This penalty, fearful and revolting as it has been ! _    , , m m ,___ and may probably continue to be, at least until;    .,     , T      T , pow*,uf reinforcements arrive from Great Britain.! , 1IHE.UC?JAL lB�N ^"V* Pennsylvania.-is not the only cost which the East India posses- � c-J  Lhilda, Esq., states that Pennsylvania contains sionatntail upon England. Her treasure is poured I "5 "e* of 45'000 'T^ mllea' ?f. wbtch upwards out almost profusely as her best blood. During the ! of 15,000 square miles, or one-third, is coal land, firet six months of this year (up to June 3u) there ; principally lying above.ornear high-water level, were ewted from the single port ol Southampton , England, bcotland, Wales and Ireland combined, to Britij, India, in silver coin the enormous sum according to the best authorities, contain only 11,-of $27,5ta 175, while, to meet the balance of trade ; u0�, "I0"/? miles ol coal in an area of 120,000 square :..  �----1 V ,e-__   .v.. ________, ,, L;i,., o�-r,,rt,ri ' miles of territory.   1 his coal, in many cases, is Corn for Feed.-Corn stnw and grain .>d poor rye barley or ..ate. Grinding corn and cobs together is found to pro-riue* an arliele of fodder ot superior  v-nlue.   The editor of tho Maine Farmer, in ranard to Ibis point, says that for those animals that chew the cud if is a most excellent fodder, or provender ; but for those that do not, it is not so valuable,   For oxen, cows, and sheep, it >s a capital feed.   These auinials, after what they swallow in tbe warm vat, called the first stornaeh or paunch, have the faculty of throwing it up agttin in small portions called cud, and chewing it over In a leisurely manner uut 1 it is ground very tine; Mid then alter being thus thorouh ly mingled with f-e ;-aiivu, swallowing il into an-other stomach, where all ita nutritive matter is ex traded by the proper organs created for that pur-pus. .   The hor.-e and the botr, having no such organs hy which to re-chew, do not derive ao much benefit from the ground cob as the animals named. Hens derive more benefit from corn and cob meal than they do from corn meal alone.   In lowls of this clas^ there is an apparatus analagous to animals that chew the cud.   First, they take dry food into their crops, and here it becomes soaked as if it were in a warm vat ; from this it r asses into the gizzard, which, lurnished with gravel-Btones, acts the part of grinding by aid of the strong muscles of that organ, whatever passes into it.   Here the particles of the cob meal, thoroughly pulverized, and ming led with the gastric juices, become dissolved, aud form nutrition for ihe body.   In this manner it is | made to possess a real value. Victoria.-The Advocate say.- that the work i.-being vigorously prosecuted bo; h on the river aud on the railroad. Csp'ain Dycus has lorty-odd hauds, and Mr. Dunn has between sixty and ono hundred. Both of these works point to Victoria ; and the Advocate expects great advantages to that place from their completion. The Advocate says a good word for the ea.use of temperance. Editors should not only 'give up brandy, rum, and wine," but spirits of all kinds. The Advocate says that the prospeot of a large yield of pecans in thatvicin-ity was never better than the present season. The trees are literally loaded, and the nut is nearly grown ; and unless it shall by some accident become blighted and fall ott', the yield will be abund I ant. Capt. J. B. Reid, in 1S4S, gathered 720 bushels, for which he received $2 por bushel-$f 440; 1250, gathered 60 bushels, at $:�> per bushel-$230; 1856, gathered 140 bushels at $3 per bushel-$420. Improvement of the Colorado.-The Matagorda Chronicle states that the work upon tbe Coloradjo is now progressing favorably, both on the Wharton and lower sections. That paper stat.-s that, in a few days, there will not be less than one hundred hands engaged in cleuring out the channel around the raft in tbe lower part ol the river, while the other obstructions are not denied very formidable ana are now being rem.ved. T ho Crir micle anticipates, that by the middle ot November next, the piauters will be enabled tn ship the enduing cro^ without any Beriou* obstruction to the navigation of the river at an ordinary st .ge of water. >. this dogma-but they cular and coufiue themselves if ihey carried it into practice leal, they would certainly be sent to the i'entiarv, with oiher thieves. So u heathen might with periect liberty entertaiu the opinion that it was a reli^'ous duty to make human sacrifices to his carved gods, aud burn widows with the hodies of their deceased husbands; but should t ev be convicted of performing ihe ritea would tie hung bv our laws lor murder. They would be punished, not for what they believe, but for what they did. The government will Dot permit any body of men, or sect, to set the laws at defiance, merely on pretence that they thought it was right, and claimed a freedom of conscience. Men may think as thev please, but cannot act as they please. If people come among us and set themselves atm-n. vho laws, and commit bigiiny, and undermine tlie peace of lamtiioc, and interfere with tbe social relations of husband and wife, or steal off our children-such people will be punished, and ought to be punished; notwithstanding they claim that all these thiugs are in accordance with their religious belief, and that their religion is entitled '0 toleration. We say to them, bold to what opinions you til use-but do not, under the pretense of these opinion?, impinge upon our rights. To adopt \elr gi nuat 'in bar, k to jh acc lutl ei *th�l itx or. iota li 0-, �RtOD "al r. D Hall Jan] re Oi >oox Oci, iova dec _Jden Inlar if pr lurte. 9   1 Tnde Bait �./. &t Jan. W. ices, sand rol-prally axes > the ties; Ire-for. ixai. d-w .my other course is impossible; lor we should soon have sects who held to robbery, to garroting, to murder-and claimed immunity from punishment on account of their peculiar belief. The Rev. Doctor admits that acts were the natural offspring of opinions ; and where the latter were nrong, it was unreasonable to expect the former to be always right. This, however, was only another incentive iu taking great care in forming our opinions on tbe basis of correct principles, and showed to those having the education of the young the necessity of 1 istilliug at an early period, into iheir minds, sound doctrines. For although false opinions do impel to bad acts, they never excuse a crime. Vote from the same port during the same Chinese y>rt� was $15,S55,570. these suraj exceeds by j20,000.000 the amonn ported to tho East Indies and China during the first six month�0t 1856.   Thus the Chinese war and the mutiny in tne East Indies will prove singularly disastrous ^ tr,e British treasury.-   Washington Union. tod, ii on� of Uggm A Severe Rebuke.-A Long Branch correspondent of the Trenton Gazette gives an account of a rebuke administered to a party of fashionables at that place.   Gov. Newell, of New Jersey, and his iu 'favolof China, the amount of silver exported �"'��' > "� T'' "i "-.Tu^v httvil^ urr'vt^ at tbe Mansion House just at �   �     ' . Bame period to 1 ,rom a0�101800 ,eet �elow tbesurface of the ground,! the dinner hour, entered ihe dining hall before Mrs. The aggregate ot I and rais"l by machinery. In relation to the j Newell changed her attire. The party alluded to, quantity of IroD ore, Dearly the Bame relative pro- immediately, not knowing her, made audible re-portion exists between Pennsylvania and Great. marks on her appearauce, and spoke indignantly, Britain. It will thus be seen that in these articles ' because the waiters, to whom Gov. N. was known, ot the first necessity, and iDdispensab e to a etate wailed on him. Various insulting allusions were of civilization, our State possesses three times as made in the table conversation. In the evening, o.uch as Great Britain.   If to the anthracite coal j when Mrs. N. appeared In the parlor in full dress, she was saluted by a gen'leman who happened to be a friend of the ladies in the fashionable party, and who, subsequently, on their inquiry, informed | remainder for Runnel trade of Pennsylvania, tbe bituminouB coal in tbe State be added, which is believed to exceed 1,800,-Veils lNJtjjOCS to the Etes. -Ladies, before ooo tone per annum, the total quantity would be _ you expend      8um-be it seventy-five cents or about 6.800,000 tons, worth at tide water $S 40 per ' them who Mrs. IN. was   They immediately sent seventy-five 4allars-for a bit of gossamer with j ton ; and we have the total of $20,000,000 as the abject apologies, which she refused to reeeive, not whioh to enbafc,, vour beauty by parially conceal   value of our coal trade for a single year.-Press. 00 account of personal resentment, but because their ing it, pause aiJftninb    Curtis, ajcelebrated scion- _ ... _ conduct exhibited them as persons not fitted to as-J tifio writer on9^M sight, objeots in toto to the     .. . ,   , .   , ,_______e____ sociato with genuine ladies, snd she would not re t h:l Ha�o...( ropv-the United States namela. San Elizabm. August s, 1557. Editors Civilian : -Our eleeti.-n passed oil*, as Usual, with the ex.-eplion of an etf Tt bei :,g made hy a f. w K, IVs. lioin Sun Antoni.. to effect something for their ticket for State officers, which reduced the vote of El Paso county to trom boO to 900 votes, instead of l.iOO as it ouurht t.. have been. Eunnels got nearly all the vote-, and so did Crosby for Commissioner ; but 1 cannot send you the figures, though no doubt thoy will go down by this mail. Josiah F. Crosby was elected District Judje. A. C. Hyde (the writer, was elected Senator without opposition; and Jefferson Hall. Representative, all Democrats. I hope lo meet my old friend Brown at Austin, not doubtiDg that the Democracy of Galveston have re-elected him. Our crops of wheat and corn are the h---t hy 50 per cent, that have ever been raised in this v alley, which will more thuii make op for the loss of fruits which were destroyed Ky frosts. Major Beall's party,  with J7 through thiB place on Ihe 25th Jo were a great curiosity to the nativ Very Truly, In addition to the above, the San ger of the 22d, says : The El Paso mail has just arrived ing to press.    We polled in the e'-ut.ty A Bank Panic.-Some of the leading banking houses iu Havana have been nearly ruined, all because a banker refused to pay a mechanic's bill. The man was a painter, and after having rendered service, was naturally desirous of being paid. The oauker, in his own plenty, not feeling tbe iucon-venience of the painter's want of cash, took bis own time, like a great many people who owe small bills to industrious mechanics. The painter sued him and got judgment. The magistrate who gave judgment was at tbe head of a banking house, and the banker whom he hud decided against sent a draft lor �>45,iiui) to the other banking house. This was refused, on the grouud that there was not that tuuch due the offended banker. Tbe news of the refusal of payment got abroad. The ever jealous public, fancying it beheld its deposits in danger, hastily withdrew them fiom the hands of the various places ot deposit. As a measuie ot sclf-de-lenceall the banks refused to discount all paper, no matter Imvv respectable or responsible might be the names upon it. Tne shares ol the various joint stock companies ttial were held as high as from 15 to 20 percent, premium, suddenly collapsed, and could only be disposed of at par, or a rifle below it Money that, was so abundant as1 to have been worth 3 per cent, per annual, suddenly became so scarce us lo be worth 12 to 15 per cent. Itles ;ioa In-der ,on-inu of or Ith - ve 1- *' The passen amel> A . C. HYDE. Antonio Led San Antonio.- Tne Ledger says : A little girl, luiizhtcr o| Mr. V. Liell'eriug, and a young negro if irl w .-re together i n the kitchen of one of our citi-j.-ris, where a loaded pistol had been carelsaajy lett. The little negro, ignorant of the fact of ifllAeing loaded, to.k up the piBtol and pulled the trigger, wnen tl.esh'.l took effect in the forehead ol Mr. Le if riot:'s child, who expired instantly. i )d Saturday last, a fine little boy, about three years "f utre. son ot Mr. Gibson, residing neur Mr. i.ytle's ranch on the Medina, wandered away from h..me. Mrs. Gibson was engaged in driving to the tenn a cow which had broken loose, so that the child was not missed for some time. The house I reini.-e.-, and all around, were searched in vain tor the link- one, aud parlies were dispatched in every direct'Oti, but no trace of the child could he dis c vetetl. Theseareh was continued all Sunday, f-ui to no purpose, and it was not till tbe evening of Monday that the poor little fellow'B body was found hy Mr. (has. Lytle and bis purty, at a distance ol little m re tlian a mile from the house. The b...ly was found lying face downwards, and from the fact that one of the eyes bad been torn out, without any ..tl er injury appearing upon thecorpse.it whs sup posed th.it tbe child bad been attacked and killed 1 by a hiizzurj. Dr. Merl D' Aubigne bas consented to prepare a Kcssian lHiaian�.-The London Post ( Lord PaVnereton's organ) of the 80th July contains a seoond article on the subject of Busaian intrigue in the Bast. Tha mishapa in India an attributed to this influence, and the writer assarts that Bnsna works aniast England in India, China and Japan, -     ^thaafanoy "of American bora employoetvr veHV eSDeciallv lace veils, as     H you wished to be released from a rash prom- cognize them aBsuch leavors'of inVeye to adjust itself ise of marriage, breathe vows of love  continualy , ---- irations of that too common ar- after eating onions. uamel Fansnaw, a widely-known printer of New ' ' , , � ,    i ,     . j lor* city, bag recently presented the TvDoeraDhi- ToCuRB hicc01tgh.-Ra1se one or both bands cal Society of that city with two TolnmJToTntrt practice of wi tbe continuous to tbe c-oseless tiele of ladies' The hurtful tondi _ mediately, will sc^J^. or iater be made apparent. Some physicians la go f�r � to ascribe much of tba near-aigbtednc.of children and adults to the fact that their doU^ w^ jn t*( constant habit of wearing laoe veil*. we are go-eurn'that uboot 300 votes were , about 15 for Honston-the j di-cour^e- on the Evangelical Alliance for the pro S. Crosby received Bbout j motion >l union, as compared with assemblies ii results in ita serious injury tenderly Gf tbe custom, if not felt im as high above your bead as you can. It is a certain English Atlas, printed in London in 1688-174years cure. ago-with a statement to the effect that the original Hiwts.-From the l.t of January to July 81st,|^Lll^l ^^V^^^J^.^ tiers were .J5Q..,votes, for-Commissioner; J.>iah Crosby e Jjudge; A. C. Hyde, Senator; Jeff. Hail, Eep tative To Keep a Stove Bright.-Take warm alum water, and mix your " British Lustre^' with ft; pnt two tea-spoonful to a gill of alum water ; let tbe store be cold, brush it with the mixture, then, lake a dry brush and lustre, and rub tbe stove till it is dry. Should any parts, before polishing, become so dry as to look gray, moisten it with a wet brush, aud proceed as before.- By two app!!~" Crosby elected j primitive times for lbe same purpose.   Rflp"^ resen- \ the sta'e-of Protestantism in different counir'" *. to be made, and a generel interehans�T men* enjoyed. Tbe subject of �&oa* V*rt* will be freely discussed; a* the protection in-perfect freedo, jpgjf, as all other strbjeot^ Wit Was Dr^Watts whonret 6g has promised ut speech on tbi* ai �irromtne isi oi January w-�J |pra�ent thne, woul
                            

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