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El Paso Herald-Post (Newspaper) - April 16, 1948, El Paso, Texas El Paso HeraldPost IT S Weather Forecast Fair and warm Details on Page 2 VOL LXVIII NO 92 EL PASO TEXAS FRIDAY APRIL 16 1948 DELIVERED Bt CARRIER 20c PER WEEK r WHERE DEATH this smokefilled waterfront 512 persons were killed one year ago in the Texas City Texas disaster Buildings of the Monsanto ChemicaF Co were crushed or stripped of all material that would burn Every facility on the waterfront including a huge grain was ruined Texas City Booming Year After Disaster fff I s t f r f r t TEXAS CITY WATERFRONT smokehas cleared but some rubblestill remains This aerial photograph was taken a year after the cfis aster At right are buildings new and reconstructed of the Monsanto Chemical Co House Group Okays Farm Price Supports My Associated Prest WASHINGTON April House Agriculture Committee Voted unanimously today to extend gov ernment farm price supports to June 30 1950 The legislation now goes to the House floor for action Generally farm commodities now selling at prices above sup port levels The bill would reduce the sup port of from 925 per cent of parity to 90 per pent of par ity Parity is an artificial price base designed to giva farmers a purchasing power equal to that in some previous favorable period usually 19091914 This is what the committee proposes supports at BO per cent of par ity for the bmsio commodities cotton wheat corn tobacco rice and pea nuts These supports now are at 90 per cent with the exception of cot ton which Is at 925 uer cent socalled nonbasic commodities ranging from 60 per tent of parity to the highest support level in force Jor 1JM8 with the ex ception of milk and milk products on which tbe support shall not be less than 90 per cent government authority to im pose acreage restrictions and to set marketing Quotas However Chairman Hope Kansas Republican said that because of the large demand for food aud fiber there is little like lihood of any marketing quoifts in the next year and a half Without Ihft legislation price supports of nonbasic commodities will end Dec 31 Water Runoff Is Best in Six Years Bit Associated Press RENO Nev April A water forecast cOniiiiUiee report says con ditions on the Colorado river water shed in New Mexico are at their best in six years It also found conditions excellent in Colorado Utah and Wyoming but predicted severe water shortages in Arizona Nevada and much of Cali fornia Water forecast committeemen an nounced their findings yesterday at a snow conference drawing repre sentatives from 11 western states British Columbia also is represent ed The New Mexico outlook is for flows well above normal in Rio Grande tributaries with the exception of the Chama river the committee said Early runoffs are expected to swell sugstantianlly the present low storage in El Vado and Elephant Butte reservoirs Condi tions are pronounced the best since 1942 Striking Financial Workers Return to Job Rv United Press NEW YORK April Sinking employees of the New York Curb Exchange returned to their jobs this morning following the granting of a 10 per cent wage increase 12 Deathless Days In El Paso The Record Is 101 Lets Have a New One Br John F HARTZELL TJnited Press Staff Correspondent TEXAS CITY April is a boom town Scars still show on itsindustrial face from one of the worst explosions in United States history but the wounds are closing On April 16 1947 when the French freight vessel SS Grand camp blew up in the harbor Texas Citys population was estimated at 18000 A year later the population 3s 25000 perhaps more Economically Texas City has re covered from its ordeal by blast and fire Mayor W C Steed whose tenure is expiring leaves office with the confident prediction that 1950 will see Texas City with 50000 population Confident of Future Such is the proof of Texas Cityans confidence in their future It is planly shared by industrial concerns who have within thepast 12 months poured out many millions of dol lars to replace and even expand their plans which were erased last April What of thehuman wounds in flicted in the terrible two days More than 512 human beings perished at Texas Citys devastated waterfront Thereis no pinpoint count of the 3000 or more maimed and injured who survived and no one has yet said how many widows and orphaned childrenlived to cry for lost husbands and fathers Followed By Fires There is in truth no accurate count of thosewho died Many per sons disappeared in the great ex plosions and defiant fires The Red Cross has spent in Texas City for human care main ly and is continuing to spend 15000 a month to care for 150 families As the Grandcamps cargo of ammonium nitrate blew fire and tidal wave were born When the great upheaval ended 217 businessestablishments and 3382 residences had been destroyed or damaged riants Rebuilt A year later morelhan 457 houses have been bifilt from the ground up 712 have been repaired at a cost of more than 53000000 the S19000 000 Monsanto Chemical plant dev astated then is rising anew worth 550000000 other chemical and oil firms which lostheavily in the dis aster are investing other millions to repair and expand Exclusive of Monsantos outlay building permits from April 1947 through March 1948 totaled The Tin Processing Corp one of the Isrgjst tin smelters in the world recovered 513000000 worth of tin ore scattered along Galveston Bay in the disaster and now is spending on new facilities Scars Remain A visitor to the Texas City water front today can find graphic evi dence of the titantic force unleashed 12 months ago in the ragged rust ing mounds of concrete and steel that mark some of the Texas City Terminal Railway Cos docks and warehouses These have not been rebuilf TCTR has however pro vided three docks for tanker ships and announced plans to begin con structing dry cargo and loading facilities within the next three months The railway company has taken a lead in legal action against the Federal government It claims S8r 000000 damages alleging negligence in labeling and packaging the ex plosive fertilizer compound am monium nitrate Damage Suits Mount Other suits against the Govern ment brought by insurance com panies to recover compensation and death benefits total more than 000000 and their number is in creasing R B Cousins manager of the Continued on Page 2 Col 4 Coal Strike Closes General Motors Plants By United Press DETROIT April 16 General Motors Corp announced today that it will close alflts automobile fab ricating plants idling 200000 work ers by April 23 because of the ef fects of the coal strike GM said it was running out of pig iron and steel supplies as a re sult of the coal strike but that its automotive assembly plants would remain in operation as long as available material permits Work Next Week on Rerouting of Tracks Work on the initial phase of the downtown track depres sion project will begin next Fri day The Hugh McMillan Construc tion Co will start installing tem porary tracks to route all trains around the depression area The work will open the way for letting of a contract May 11 for erection of steel retain ing walls construction of six bridges over the trainway and ex cavating Project Engineer Harlan Hugg explained the rerouting program this way Spur lines connecting the two double sets of tracks running through the business district will be built at the West Main street crossing Similar ooivnscling will be installed in the western edge of ihe Southern Pacific yards near Camp bell street All trackage on the project route alley between Main and Franklin be torn up All trains then will proceed along the tracks on Main street until work in the project area is completed The rerouting job will require about 75 days Mr Hugg said Next Thursday City Council will take another step toward prepar ing for the major portion of the project work A contract will be awarded for signal and in terlocking track equipment to be used along the new route The Council yesterday agreed to purchase 511397 pounds of stsel pilings for bridfie foundations from CirnesieIllinoii Sleel Corp for Jaycees Told to Quit Advertising Reds Sell U S Quit advertising Commu nismand join a crusade to sell the American way of life Paul Bagwell of East Lansing Mich vice president of the U S Junior Chamber of Commerce told Texas Jaycees to day Mr Bagwell delivered the key note address at a luncheon of the Texas Junior Chamber of Com merce at Hotel Cortez The conven tion opened yesterday and will end tomorrow Director of Training Mr Bagwell is director of execu tive training for sales personnel of the Ford Motor Co and is head ofthe department of English and speech at Michigan State College One of our American weaknesses is to be agin something he told delegates Instead of talking about Communismall the time and being merely against it let is advertise and work for the American Way Let us advertise the things that have made America great Let us not fight windmills Mr Bagwell said that in the field of human society three young men were the backbone of West ern civilization Christ crucified at the age of 33Vz contributed1 the Christian phi losophy which is a basis of the American way of life he said Civilization Challenged Jefferson at S3 wrote the Dec laration of Independence to give us our political democracy Adam Smith at 31 gave a lecture in Glas gow stating principlesfrom which we developed our ideas of a regu lated capitalistic society These three philosophies makej up what we call Western civilization Western civilization is now being challenged in a cold cold war that is warming Hussian totalitarianism Mr Bagwell said Jaycees should meet the challenge he added Today young men have the same opportunity to stand for something outside themselves he said Examples to Follow He urged Jaycees who as an or ganization are nonpartisan to take an active part individually inprac tical politics He cited two former Stassen of Minne sota and Ellis Araall of examples for Jaycees to follow Mr Bagwell said in a redefini tion of the Junior Chamber of Commerce that the organization stands for constructive action by a groupof young men who devote part of their nonvocational time to community service At a general assembly thisafter noon Gwynn Edmonds of Hunting ton W Va a national vice presi dent gave an inspirational talk on what young men 17 million of Continued on Page 2 Col 2 Wrong Pills Send Mrs Roosevelt To Hospital By Associated Press BEVERLY HILLS Calif April the wrong pills from a bedside box in the early morning darkness sent Mrs James Roose velt to a hospital today for treat ment for an overdose of sleeping pills her physician reported Her condition was described as ood several hours later Dr Blake Watson family doctor for the wife of the late Presidents eldest son gave this account He said Mrs Roosevelt 32 awoke about 5 a m with a cold and a headache reached for a box of pills on the bedside stand which she thought were headache tablets In stead she swallowed several sleep ing pills She quickly awakened her husband who called police She was rushed to Emergency Hospital then to St Johns Hospital in near by Santa Monica Roosevelt state Democratic chair man was with her at the hospital but could not be reached for com ment The police said Roosevelt told them his wife the former Romelle Theresa Schneider a native of In dependence Wis had been suffer ing from insomnia since the birth of their third child three months ago 5Day Weather Forecasts APRIL 17 TO 21 DISTRICT 13 Temperatures will average 6 to 8 decrees above normal Little or no rain DISTRICT 12 Temperatures will average 6 to 8 degrees above normal Rain light scattered showers Tuesday DISTRICT 28 No rain indicated Temperatures will average much above seasonal DISTRICTS 32 AND 33 Temperatures above normal low ering to nenr normal after mid period Little or no rain Home Edition PRICE FIVE CENTS Telephoto VIOLENCE IN in Bogota Colombia wave machetes and garrofes during the recent revolt in the South American capital The rioters had previously set fire to the government building in the background which was destroyed Taxes Up 60 Per Cent In E P Since 1939 By VERNON SMYLIE El Paso home for another ad valorem tax loss last week when City Council approved a 40 per cent in crease in residential ground were confront ed with this fact Since 1939 their payments for operation of and Frenchman Named Aid Plan Director By United Press PARIS April na tions allied themselves today in a block under the European recovery program selected Paris as head quarters and named Robert Marjo rin youthful French economic ex pert permanent secretary general The antiCommunist alliance of Western Europe was founded on aid from the United States under the Mashall Plan It came into being formally when representa tives of the 16 countries signed a convention which will serve as a guide to European recovery The convention was signed at a midday session Later the Organi zation for European Economic Co operation met at the Foreign Office to choose permanent headquarters and name a permanent secretary general The naming of Marjorin 36 as sistant director of Frances own economic rehabilitation program climaxed more than a month of diplomatic bickering over posts in the organization which will be the watchdog on use of SEP funds and goods Tennessee Democrats Told to Vote as Unit By Associated Press NASHVILLE Tenn April 16 Tennessee Democratic delegates will go to the national convention in Philadelphia free to cast the states 28ballots as they choose But they must vote as a unit The state convention rejected a strong antiTruman resolution and voted instead to leave the dele gates to the national conclave un instructed on the presidential nomi nation but instructed to vote as a unit N Y Demo Committee Seen as ProTruman v Associated NEW YORK April 16 The newly elected State Democratic Committee today commended Presi dent Truman in a resolution view ed as committing the states con vention delegation to his candidacy New York will have 98 votes in the Democratic convention at Phila delphia LEAVES RUSSIA SUNDAY By United Prrss MOSCOW April Ma gidoff National Broadcasting Co correspondent accused by the So viets of espionage activity applied today for passage to Berlin on a Soviet plane Sunday morning the municipal government school system have increased about 60 per cent Business property owners are feel ing an even more severe pinch In many cases their tax bills have doubled during the past decade For a closerangs view of the dollarandcents effect of the tax boosts on residences take the case of this sixroom brick home in Kern Place In 1939 the owner paid combined municipal and school taxes of 11750 That was when the full valuation of the property was of which 70 per taxable The rate was per valua tion In 1945 a school tax boost lifted the rate to The owners tax 12361 A year later there was a double barrel hike The assessed valuation was upped from 70 to 85 per cent of the full value frcin to Continued on Page 5 Col 1 School Contests Winners Chosen Winners in the first contests in the El Psso district meet of the Texas Interscholastic League today were announced Contests are be ing held at El Paso High School They will be concluded tomorrow In the senior girls debate division Ysleta Team No 1 won over their Team No 2 Austin forfeited to El Paso High In the senior boys debate divi sion Ysleta won overEl Paso Senior girls declamation Louise Pitch ford Austin first Elizabeth Byrne El Paso High second Charlsa Guynes Aus tin third Junior sirls declamation Ruth Beltran del Rio Bowie first Carolyn Phillips Austin second Joyce Godwin Yslcta third Senior boys declamation Jacob Sitters Tsleta first Ted Quillen Austin sec ond Jimmy Walker Ysleta third Junior boys declamation Charles Bran denberg Austin first Jack Mischcn Ysleta second Charles Steinmann Aus tin third Anderson Denies Dempsey Statement Bv Associated Press SANTA FE April of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson denied today he had ever told John J Dempsey he would not be a candidate for the Senate Anderson and Dempsey are oppo nents for the Democratic senatorial nomination Anderson took issue with a state ment today from Dempsey in which the former governor quoted Ander son as saying I am not going to be a senatorial candidate You can bet 50 to 1 on that I am going to remain in the Cabinet Italy Mobilizes Troops to Halt Special o The HcraldPnst ROME April shot down a leafletdropping plane in northern Italy today The plane an Americanbuilt Piper Cub was beingused to scatter political pamphlets over the town of Spilimburtto in providence not far from Trieste The pilot was not hurl Colombian Workers End Protest Strike Ry United Press BOGOTA April workers ended their weeklong pro test strike today and streamed back to their jobs of supplying services food and transportation to the sea of the ninth InterAmerican Confer ice Banks opened street cars ran automobiles appeared in the streets milk and food began flowing into the capital from the countryside anc newspapers published again after a week of virtual paralysis in this riotwrecked mountain capital The weeklong strike was callec off late yesterday by the Colombian Workers Confederation upon the apeal of Dario Echandia new min ister of the interior in the coalition cabinet The Confederation CTC also agreed to join the leadership of the Liberal Partys National Committee The return to work alleviated the fear of epidemic from the 250 bodies still unburied because grave diggers were on strike Delegates of the InterAmerican Conference continued their work under handicaps and set the stage for ah expected agreement today which Avouldestablish the Western Hemispheres high command Under a compromise it appeared probable that real power for direct ing the military strategy of the Western Hemisphere will be re tained by the foreign ministers of the 21 nations Report State Department Censored Bogota Reports By United Press WASHINGTON April 16Repre sentative Clarence J Brown Ohio Republican disclosed today that House investigators are checking whether the State Department censored confidential reports from American intelligence agents abroad Brown who heads a House execu tive expenditures subcommittee made the statement after Adm R H Hillenkoetter chief of the central intelligence agency told Browns committee his agents kept the State De partment fully informed on events in Colombia leading up to the outbreak which inter rupted the InterAmerican Con ference in Bogota White State Depart ment press officer conceded that Marshall was aware of threat ened unrest in Bogota but con sidered it a gesture of defiance to the Communists to go ahead with the conference anyway Brazil Charges Explosion Was Start of Second Bogota By ASSOCIATED PRESS Brazils federal police charged to day the explosion in an army ar senal which killed 23 persons yester day was intended as the beginning of a Communist plot for a second Bogota in Rio De Janeiro May 1 Police said the Communists in tended to kill Brazils minister of war Gen Canrobcrt Pereira Da Costa who left the scene 50 minutes before the blast Officials said he was saved only by an unexplained delay in the blast Police said 26 Communists have been arrested and directly implicat ed The Communist Party is out lawed in Brazil Bit United Press ROME April AI cide de Gasperi mobilized 330000 troops carabinicri and police to day putting them on an emer gency footing for Italys fateful elections beginning Sunday He told his forces to remain on emergency call until final election returns are known next Wednes day or Thursday By PARKER LA MOORE ScriptsHoward StafJ Writer ROME April tion violence took an ominous turn in the Po River valley when a mob assaulted a state police barracks demanding re lease of the Communist mayor ot Serravalle who had been arrested for illegal possession of firearms carabineri captain four Newton La Moore On Spot in Italy Valley Boy Chained 5 Years To Small House In Yard County authorities today were in vestigating the strange case of a youth who has been chained for the last five years to a small dog house in the back yard of his home in San Juan in East El Paso The youth a native of El Paso was 17 years old today His mother said he has been mentally deficient since he was two years old Five years ago we built him a casita in the back yard said the mother We put a chain on his leg because he was setting too strong We were afraid he would run away orhurt somebody The back yard casita is a rick ety wood affair partly covered by sheet iron and open on one side It is slightly Jarffer than a house and just largo enough for Lhe young man to sit in Usually he stands in thn open barefooted just ouUids the hut A short chain anchored to the ground beneath the crude shelter is fastened around his left ankle with a padlock His legs are scaly with dirt and grime He is tall and slender He wears dirty denim overalls and a blue shirt His eyes are black and hiy teeth look startling white beneath a mop of black unkempt hair When visitors approach the youth makes strange animallike sounds and bares his teeth canine fashion He can hear but is in capable of speech Sometimes a grin spreads over his face and he laughs with a clucking sound He will lie on his stomach for a while in the dirt then crawl into the shade of hi cisili Now and then dogs wander into the yard and decide to occupy the dog house He seems to resent these interlopers Hs grabs them by the tail and twirls them in the air Food is taken to the young man in the yard and he eats it with his hands When offered candy he will eat wrapper tinfoil and all He doesnt like to stay in the yard at night being afraid of the dark so he is chained to a bed inside Before he was chained he tried to beat his mother and father Hes hottempered his mother ex plained Mrs Eloisa Carvalho acting coun ty probation officer and Bill White assistant urged the mother to try to place her son in the state home for feebleminded at Austin This is terrible said Mrs Car vnlho Surely the boy the fam ily and the community would be better off with him in an institu tion La Moore On Sunday the Italians vote in an election which may indicate the political trend of all West ern Europe and the Success or failure of the Marshall Plan Two ScrippsHoward Newspaper staff writers are in Italy to cov er the elections Parker La Moore will write Irom Rome in a general survey of the results andWilliam H Newton will cover Bologna and the surrounding industrial towns mostly Communistdominated and three police were wounded in the attack Immediately after the mayors arrest sound trucks toured the area summoning the people to arms and in a matter of hours some 2000 join ed ia the revolt The speed with which the mobilization of the Com munist sympathizers was effected suggested that careful preparation had been made for just such an emergency Reinforcements Move In Today police reinforcements were moving into the area in anticipation of further disorders An attack on the Jewish quarter in Rome by members of the neo fascist Italian social movement the previous day also caused govern ment authorities grave concern be cause of threats that it will be re peated Four persons were seriously injured in the rioting there The Italian social movement which claims 200000 party members is a rapidly growing organization which could disrupt existing politi cal alignments if it obtained a foot hold in the government It is both antiAmerican and antiCommunist Should this group obtain minority representation in the new parlia ment and its members refuse to join the nonCommunist coalition con trol of the government might pass to the Communists even if they fail of a majority at Sundays election Movement Is Threat The movement is a real threat be cause there is a great deal of latent Fascist sentiment in Italy awaiting only a little encouragement to come out in the open It is perhaps on this account that the De Gasperi government has treated Fascism and Communism as twin threats to the new Italian re public throughout the present cam paign And at times it has seemed that the two totalitarian groups might be working together at least in a common effort to undermina representative government In the Rome area for instance where the Communists have ben losing ground steadily ihe new Fascists have shown increasing activity Italy Looks Like Circus Is Coming By WILLIAM H Scrlppsilouard Writer FLORENCE Italy April 16 Iialy looks as if a circus were com ini to town Here in the Comrmiiistconlrolled city of Florence every toot of wall space is decorated with flaming Continued on PaRe 2 Col 1 Inside Your HeraldPost Comics Irossworrt ruzrlr Or n I Conner KAilnrMs Ivtranor KooscvfU Markets OthniMi Radio rrnffrAmft Rimrk SlrtrBar Rrmarks Face li Ill 4 4 Snorls Stoics Womens News
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