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El Paso Herald Post (Newspaper) - July 17, 1947, El Paso, Texas Paso Herald-Post U. if. Weather Forecast: Scattered showers; warmer. (Details on Page 8) Home Edition PRICE FIVE CENTS VOL.LXVII.NO. 170 EL PASO, TEXAS, THURSDAY, JULY 17. 1947 DELIVERED BY CARRIER JOc PER WEEK Greeks Shatter Guerrilla Drive > > 4525 PetitiN For tap of SonUiD Past Officials of the Veterans Unity Club, fortified with a petition bearing 4525 signature«, today appealed to City Council for application of municipal building and health regulations In South £1 Paso. The petition was presented to the CouncU by Joe Davila, club president, who charged that "tenement conditions in the southern section of the City are insanitary in every respect. “Hie tenements lack a sufficient number of toilets,” Mr. Davila stated. Garbage Is Menac* "The screens, doors, and windows are wholly inadequate. The stairways are worn out and dilapidated. Many of the walls are cracked. Garbage disposal presents another unspeakable menace. Unpaved sidewalks, streets and alleys add to the discomfort of the people.” Also appearing before the Council in behalf of the petitioners was Ed-mundo Norte, a member of the Latin-American Progressive Union “There are municipal laws covering the welfare of the people,” Mr. Norte contended. Says Welfare Neglected “As far as South El Paso is concerned, welfare has been neglected Many buildings in that area have been condemned, but they are still being used for living quarters. Mr. Davila took the floor as soon as Mayor Ponder called the Council into session. He began by citing in sanitary conditions which exist in South El Paso. “When these conditions are called to the attention of the owners or agents of tenements,” he asserted, "they show indifference and offer a* « solution the removal of the complainant to some other place of habitation. OPA Rents Cited “The occupants of these tenements have little choice in the betterment of their living conditions. Therefore, we as • gwwip petition the city administration to properly look into the matter at the earliest possible convenience and direct the proper authorities to improv« conditions at once.” “Of course, Joe,** Mayor Ponder said, “the petitioners know that the two basic conditions which provide the owners with a loophole are the (Continued on Page S, Col. S) Committee Favors Cow Plague Fund ■•Mlt-FMt W»thinirton Bimi WASHINGTON, July 17. — The House Appropriations Committee, probably tomorrow, will recommend that Congrtfss appropriate the $60,000,000 the Agriculture Department has asked to continue the fight against the foot and mouth disease among cattle in Mexico, Representative George Gillie, Republican, of Indiana, said today. Gillie is chairman of the special subcommittee which lately returned from an inspection of the areas in Mexico where the disease exists and where the campaign financed by this Government and Mexico Is go ing on. Gillie was to file with the House today the formal report of the in-' quiry and the committee’s recom mendations. ’ The report will say, in part: “Operations (in Mexico) must be speeded up. “Funds should be made available immediately to enabSe the campaign to be pursued at the highest speed and Intensity with which it can be operated. "The Department of Agriculture should immediately assign the best man available to the job of getting existing packing plants in Northern Mexico into operation and assisting the operators of those plants in finding export markets for their meat.” The report will also recommend that the whole American part of the campaign be put under the super vision of an executive director. Cre ation of this post of executive dlrec $ tor, the Gillie report will say, “i: absolutely essential to the success of this program." * _ ■ ■ City Bans Drink Stands on Drive City Council today approved a Plan Commission recommendation against granting franchises to vendors for erection of ^ soft drink stands along Scenic drive. E. P. Artist Paints Buses by Day, Wins Praise For Work Depicting Regional History Jose Cisneros paints buses and street cars for El Paso City Lines during the day. At night he collects his pens, black India ink, and illustration board and draws pictures of historical events of the Southwest. A book, “The Journey of Three Englishmen Across Texas in 1568,” by E. DeGolyer of Dallas, just published by Carl Hertzog, El Paso printer, was illustrated by Mr. Cisneros. Mr. Cisneros was born in Durango, Mexico, 37 years ago. Never Had a Lesson He has never taken an art lesson in his life. ‘I’ve always wanted to draw, ever since I can remember,” said the slender, quiet-spoken artist. “I like history. When I read a book on history of the Southwest, I think about it when I’m at work. I get an idea in mind, then I make a pencil sketch. Later I trace over the pencil lines with ink.” “The Journey” is Mr. Cisneros’ first big commercial job. He once had an art exhibition at El Paso Public Library. Knows History Tom Lea, El Paso artist, and Mr. Hertzog, who offer Cisneros advice and encouragement, term his work "excellent.” “His knowledge of history is un canny,” Mr. Hertzog said. “He is extremely good at catching ideas of what we want.” Mr. Hertzog was introduced to Mr. Cisneros about seven years ago. He employed the artist to do some small jobs. Five' years passed. One day, thinking about a new book, Mr. Bert zog glanced out the window* And saw Mr. Cisneros walking by. “I called him in and asked if he •n Page S. Col. 1) Mayor Appoints First Menber of Rnt Board Mayor Dan Ponder today said he had recommended appointment of Richard R. Vanden Heuvel to a proposed local rent control board. The recommendation, he said, has been forwarded to Governor Jester. Other appointees will be suggested tomorrow, the mayor added. Mr. Vanden Heuvel is manager of the rent department of Eckford & Jackson, real estate firm. BOOK ILLUSTRATION—Jose Cisneros, who paints buses for a living, In off hours turns out work like this frontispiece for “The Journey of Three Englishmen Across Texas in 1568,*' a Carl Hertzog book. ‘ By MARSHALL M’NEIL Heratd-Poat Washington CorreivonStnt WASHINGTON, July 17. — Acting on nominations to be made by Governor Jester, the House Expediter here will appoint a rent advisory board for the El Paso defense rental area, as provided in the new law recently passed by Congress and reluctantly signed by the President. The board will be composed of not more than five representative citizens, who will advise the local rent director, as well as the office of Housing Expediter here. The board will be empowered to make three classes of recommendations: 1—As to de-control of rents in all or part of the area; 2—Adequacy of the recent level in the area, this meaning presumably, adequacy to the landlords; and 3—Operation of the local rent office, especially in reference to how it handles local “hardship" cases. The Housing Expediter is responsible for furnishing the board with office space and stenographic assistance. Members are not paid salaries. The new law provides that 30 days after the Housing Expediter receives a recommendation from a local ad-(Continued on Page 8, Col. 5) PAINT JOB—Artist Cisneros uses a spray gun to paint a bus at City Lines car Stn Sinks Ship; Fear 700 Are Dead Hv Associated Press BOMBAY, July 17.—The Coastal Steamship Ramdas sank today in a monsoon storm 11 miles south of Bombay and a Bombay shipping executive said nearly 700 persons perished. C. A. Buch. general manager of the Bombay Steam Navigation Co., who assisted in rescue work, said “not more than 15 or 20 persons have been saved.’’ The dead included both passengers and crew men. Survivors reported that “two tremendous waves” capsized the Ramdas, Buch said. The vessel, of about 400 tons, was making her regular daily trip to the fishing village of Rewa*, 13 miles south of Bombay, when she went under. Police Replace Traffic Lights In Speedup Plan Truman Is Against Going To Europe for fjrtf; ImradeTS n • vi if o ' v Big-Three Meetmg Into Hills Truman Indicates Board Will Act On S. P. Strike By Associated Prest WASHINGTON, July 17.—President Truman indicated today an emergency board may be appointed to hear a dispute involving the Southern Pacific Railroad. Mr. Truman was told at a news conference that a strike is threatening and was asked if an emergency panel might be appointed. He replied that he imagined the administration would follow that usual procedure. Bit United Press SAN FRANCISCO, July 17.- -Lo- Officials Move to Halt Indonesia War Inside Your Herald-Post Comte« ..... ••• CroMword Puiil« »r. ». V. lu. I«»#» Editarte!» Eleanor Ko»wvelt ... Foreica Scene ..... Market* r«j Fegler Ka4U Clock Slde-Br Remark* »Mrt* Stoke* ■ Women’* New* fate . It . « . 4 . 4 . & . 4 . IS 4 . IS 4 1 Bu Astociat$d Pren BATAVIA, Java., July 17.—Acting Foreign. Minister Tamsil of the Indonesian Republic flew to the republican capital of Jogjakarta today in an effort to resolve new differences between his government and Netherlands authorities which threatened to precipitate war in Indonesia. He left Batavia in a Dutch plane are requested from Hubertus J. Van Mook, acting governor general, in a conference this morning in line with negotiations for a joint national government for the United States oi Indonesia. Tamsil indicated he would ask Republican Premier Amir Sjari-foeddin to clarify the policy connotations of a radio speech earlier today which the Dutch interpreted as meaning that Sjarifoeddin had rejected their compromise plan for the government. One high-level Netherlands informant said the Dutch were expected to decide before nightfall whether to undertake military action against the republic. He indicated that such action was extremely likely. This informant declared a new crisis of “extraordinary gravity grew out of Premier Sjarifoeddin’s refusal to issue a cease-fire order to Indonesian forces last midnight. He said this broke a pledge the premier made yesterday. In a radio speech earlier from his capital of Jogjakarta, the premier told Indonesians the situation was critical. He said the Dutch attitude showed ‘they want to avoid the ; ways of peace.” Paralyzed Alien Crawls Across River For Aid Miguel A. Vasquez of Juarez, paralyzed from the waist down, wanted medical attention. So he crawled across the shallow Rio Grande from Juarez to the American side, and then crawled to Washington Park, more than a mile. Exhausted and ill, the 30-year-old cripple was found by a boy on a bicycle. He was taken to City-County Hospital. Vasquez told U, S. Immigration Border patrolmen he was released recently from Liberty Hospital in Juarez. He said he is unable to work and that his wife became ill and unable to support their three children. “I didn’t want to be a burden, and I was desperate,” Vasquez said. “I hired a man with a horse and wagon to take mi 1 to the edge of the river in Juarez." As an alien Vasquez faces deportation back to Mexico, but meanwhile he is receiving medical attention. Parents’ Landlord By International News Service SALL1SAW, Okla., July 17.-The biggest landlord in Sallisaw hung out a big welcome sign for the, stork today. D. F. Sisemore announced that from now on he would rent to no one without children. And he added he would give a month's free rent to any family having a Poles Blame Greece For Balkan Trouble iiy Associated Press LAKE SUCCESS. July 17,—Poland joined Russia today in blaming Greece for the current Balkan disorders and demanded formation of a new coalition government in Greece, new elections and the immediate withdrawal of foreign military personnel. Poland’s views were stated by Dr. Oscar Lange, United Nations Security Council president, as the council met in extraordinary session in an atmosphere intensified by the fighting in northern Greece. “It is necessary that Greece be extricated from the network of international power politics,*’ Lange said in demanding the withdrawal of foreign troops. Lnnge said the primary trouble in the Balkans must be attributed to the internal situation in Greece aggravated by the presence of foreign troops. The present government in Greece is a coalition of the major parties, with the Communists and other leftist groups excluded. Lange vigorously opposed the American proposal for a semi-per manent U. N. commission in the Balkans on the ground that this seemed to be based on the as sumption that the three Soviet satel lites—Albania, Bulgaria and Yugoslavia—were to blame for the Balkan trouble. Alderman Karl Wyler announced today that signal lights in the center of the business district will be turned off rrom 4:30 to 6 p. m. daily for a week shvting Monday, During that time policemen—stationed at each corner—will be given complete charge of traffic direction, to test a plan which officials hoi» will move traffic faster in afternoon hours. “This will be purely an experiment,” Mr. Wyler said. "There is possibility that by handling individual Kituatiuns as they arise, the officers will be able to do a better job.” The plan will be tested in the area bounded on the east by Stanton, on the south by San Antonio on the west by South El Paso, and on’the north by Mills. A survey last week showed that a total of 48,224 cars entered and 45,914 left the downtown area during a 10-hour peak traffic period. The count wag taken from 8 to 9 a. m. and 5 to 6 p. m. for five days. comotive engineers announced today they will strike the sprawling Southern Pacific Railroad at 9 p. m., Monday, unless the company agrees in mediately to grant 19 demands. The strike would halt Southern Pacific operations over a large part of the West, from Portland, Ore., to Los Angeles, Cal., and east to Ogden, Utah, to Tucumcari, N. M., and El Paso. It would also tie up the carrier’s California subsidiaries, the Northwestern Pacific and the San Diego and Arizona Eastern. 25,000 Affected Some 25,000 of the carrier’s 60,000 employes would be affected. Farm ers and businessmen would face a tremendous economic loss if ship ments of perishable foods and other goods were held up. Southern Pacific, the longest railroad in the United States, runs 150 passenger trains and 1000 freight trains daily over its 16,000 miles of track. 7-Year Negotiations Harrison C. Hobart, assistant grand chief of the Brotherhood, said that negotiations between the union and the company, which had their beginnings seven years ago, were broken off. Government officials, acting under, terms of the National Railway Act, prepared a complete report on the threatened tie-up for President Truman. A. T. Mercier, S. P. president, claimed the Brotherhood ignored recommendations of a special presidential emergency board. Technical Changes Railroad workers are exempted specifically from the provisions of the recently-passed Taft - Hartley Labor Bill. Most of the 19 demands of the Brotherhood were for technical changes in working rules. But among them was a demand for a daily minimum wage of $12.95 compared to the present minimum of $10.02. In 1940, when the negotiations began, the union presented 74 major demands which were broken down into some 480 items. They called for such changes in working rules as cleaning of engines, providing of seat cushions, equipping engines with respirators for traveling in tunnels in mountainous areas. Civilians Join Bp United Pres» WASHINGTON, July 17.—President Truman is still adamantly opposed to another big three meeting unless Josef Stalin and Clement Attlee come here to confer with him, it was learned today. This was disclosed on the second anniversary of the ill-fated Potsdam Conference—a Big Three meeting which was * President Truman’s first and probably last sally into high-level secret international negotiation. Mr. Truman and his advisers think it is inadvisable and inconsistent with the American system for the head of state to enter secret negotiations in peacetime. They frankly blame the late Franklin D. Roosevelt’s secret agreements for much of the trouble in the world today. Unfulfilled Agreements Very few of the Potsdam agreements have been fulfilled because the big powers have.failed to find an acceptable way for putting them into operation, especially th^sc on Germany, After two years of fruitless bickering and negotiation, the Potsdam agreements are in the process of bei’ i junked—cither in practice or formally—although each big power claims it still clings to their overall objectives. American officials concede that the U. S. and the USSR are now engaged in an all-out diplomatic and economic war, Soviet-American relations have been deteriorating at an alarmingly rapid rate and may be headed for further nose-dives in the near future. Here is the picture: By-Pass Plan 1. The United States has proposed by-passing the Potsdam plan for treaty-making in the Far East and has issued a call for a preliminary “peace conference” of 11 nations on a Japanese treaty next month, either here or in San Francisco, in which no one would have a veto, (Continued on Page 13, Col. 7) Forty El Paso members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers will be affected by the South ern Pacific walkout scheduled to start Monday at 6 p.m., A. F. How-ird. chairman of Local 591, said to day. Mr. Howard said the strike will affect between 150 and 200 members of the brotherhood within a 175-mile radius of El Paso. WINS 2400-MILE RACE Hv A&snriatfit Prett HONOLULU, July 17. — The speedy yawl Chubasco owned by Will Stewart Jr., of Los Angeles, won the 2400-mile California to Hawaii yacht race today, rounding Diamond Head to sail across the fiinsh line shortly after midnight. New Valley Water District Studied A survey of water and sewage needs of Lower Valley areas between Ysleta and Clint is being made by the El Paso County Water Control and Improvement District No. 1, Fred D. Bunsen, president, said today. Mr. Bunsen said the survey will be completed in about two weeks. It was started because of numerous requests of Valley residents, he said. The district is Installing water and sewage services from the eastern City limits of El Paso through Ysleta. The new district, if it is decided to form one, would be separated from the present district financially, Mr. Bunsen said. It might be possible, after taking the necessary legal action, to combine operations, he said. The survey includes the area to Clint, south of Highway 80 and north on the North Loop road, he said. “So far, the new district is just in the ‘talking stage,” Mr. Bunsen said. Bv United Press ATHENS, July 17. — Greek Government forces, aided by civilians, have shattered a guerrilla drive on Ioannina, but most of the “invaders” have escaped into thickly-wooded hills, Government sources reported today. Members of other guerrilla bands were reported trickling through government lines toward Mt. Gram-mos, where guerrillas have been able to hold off government forces. On nearby Mt, Gamila, guerrillas were reported under heavy strafing from Government planes. Guerrilla Casualties (Exchange Telegraph reported that guerrilla casualties in eight days totaled 210 killed. 150 wounded and 140 captured. In the fight north of lonniana, 54 guerrillas were killed, (55 wounded and 115 captured. (A guerrilla radio operating under the name of "Free Greece" went on the air for the first time, and said a ‘‘mountain government’’ would be formed, Exchange Telegraph said. As guerrillas control such a small area of Greece, there was speculation that the broadcast came from outside the country. Ask Allied Troops (Mayors of 39 villages in the Ko-nitsa area were reported to have telegraphed the United Nations and the United States, Great Britain, France and Russia a protest against the “invasion.” They asked for allied troops to safeguard the frontier, the dispatch said. Defense Minister Napoleon Zervas announced that 300 guerrillas driving southward with shouts of “on to Ioannia!" at one time had a clear path to the town, the largest In northwestern Greece, near the Albanian border. Civilians Enter Fight Civilians, however, turned out to harass the irregulars until Government troops arrived and scattered the band, Zervas said. War Minister Antoine Stratos said that the “invasion” of 2500 guerrillas from Albania Sunday caught the Government by surprise, as the army had kept its eye on the Yugoslav frontier. When the attack came, he said, the Greek Army had available only one company of soldiers at Konitsa and somo non-combat units at Ioannina. Stratos said the United States could speed peace in Greece by furnishing enough equipment for a standing Greek Army of 150,000 men, with 50.000 additional reserves. Fear New Enemies He cautioned, however, that even with such a well-equipped army he could not predict when peace would be restored because of the possibility of fresh enemies arriving from across the border. A correspondent for the London Daily Telegraph, the first reporter to reach the battle area, reported from Ioannina that the town had been greatly alarmed by the approach of the guerrillas. Government charges that the guerrillas came from Albania, the Daily Telegraph correspondent reported, have aroused the spirits of Government troops to defend their homeland. He said that heretofore, Greek soldiers had shown some indifference toward a fight with fellow Greeks operating solely within their own country. House Unit Approves Arms Standardization By International Neti’S Service WASHINGTON, July 17. — The House Foreign Affairs Committee today approved legislation calling for arms standardization and military co-operation between the countries of the Western Hemisphere The committee action limited the United States expenditure to $50, 000,000 for a five-year program. Chances of the bill’s passage at this session of Cofigress appear slight in view of the drive for ad journment by the end of the next week. The measure thus will prob ably lie over for action early next year. Before stamping its approval on the bill, the committee wrote in an amendment to provide that exec ution of the program must be con sistent with the United States "good neighbor" program. Heat Sends El Pasoans to Park Pools; New Tank at Washington Park Is Opened GIRL DRINKS OIL Juarez police reported today that a 15-year-old Juarez girl, scolded by her mother for swimming in the Rio Grande, tried to commit suicide aby while living in one of his[ by swallowing motor oil. She will houses, 1 recover, (Picture on Page 12) City swimming pools moved into the ranks of big business this week as hot weather sent El Pasoans in search ot comfort. Pools at both Memorial and Wash-ington Parks have been thronged daily since they were opened for the summer. The new swimming tank at Washington Park, which had its opening Monday, already can pass for a well-established attraction. Vacationing youngsters from El Paso schools begin flocking to the pools at opening ttfrie each morning. By mid-afternoon, m the heat of day reaches its peak, the cement borders take on the appearance of a resort bathing beach. Pleasure seeking parents join in during the early evening hours, trying to forget the day spent in sweltering offices and kitchens. The two wading pools at Armijo Park have not been ignored, either. The youngest set crowds them at the rate of 500-800 head each day. The Washington Park pool is 150 feet long and 65 feet wide. It was whittled down from the old Washington Park tank, which was 200 by 90—too large for efficient operation under local condition.-; and dangerous, having a minimum depth of seven feet. The 1 ! to 6 », m. new pool has a continuous water flow of 42,000 gallons per hour. The City Swimming Team, coached by Tony Carvajal, is in daily practice at the southside pool. They have their sights set on the Texas Amateur Athletic Federation tournament at Tyler, July 28-28, and the National AAU meet, also at Tyler, July 29-Aug. 3. Mr. Carvajal Is in charge of both city pools under Ernest Craigo, City recreation director. The Memorial pool U open daily from 9 a. m. to 9 p. m. Hours at the Washington Park pool are 9 a. m. to 10 p. m. The Armijo Park wading ponds are open from Weatherman Says We Will Have More Rain! The weatherman looked a shade abashed as he ruefully acknowledged that his promised “afternoon thundershowers” yesterday had degenerated into a “trace” by the time they got here around 2 a. m. today. He brightened, however, on pulling today’s forecast out o fhis pocket for all to see; Widely scattered thundershowers late this afternoon. "Nut much precip., though,” he added. But El Paso temperatures, rain or not, were still scheduled to stay below the 100 mark. Following yesterday’s 91, a high of 98 is expected today and 95 tomorrow, Low in the morning will be 72; today’s was 73. HEDY LAMARR GETS DIVORCE Uv Amur-luted Pren LOS ANGELES, July 17.~Film Actress Hedy Lamarr was granted a divorce from John Loder, British-born screen player, today when she testified "he was extremely Indifferent to me.” Congress Holds Fate Of Europe Failure of Congress to back the Marshall Plan for European re* eovery would topple governments right and left, says WILLIAM PHILIP SIMMS. React bis article on Page 4.
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