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Corsicana Daily Sun (Newspaper) - January 6, 1959, Corsicana, Texas THE WEATHER LOCAL Cloudy with slowly rising temperatures through Wednesday occasional rain tonight and Thermometer Readings 8 8 10 11 1 I 38 Cottiolcte 39 41 43 44 45 46 Weather Report on Market fflHomeof Ihe OailySanandSemiWeeMy MOHWTJ lid LEASED WIRES OF THE ASSOCIATED PRESS UN ITED PRESS INTERNATIONAL PAGES MARKETS AT A GLANCE NEW corporates de commission house sell CHICAGO increased flour cold weather and with Stencly to weak top er steers steady to 25 cents higher ton AP TELEMATS 182 PRICE FIVE CENTS7 Find Cash r Mikoyan Berlin Demands Appear Milder DROPS HINTS SUMMIT TALK MAJOR GOAL Soviet Visitor Promises Allies Access To City officials said today that Soviet Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan is his talks here to be backing down on Russias Berlin who met Monday with Secretary of State John Foster Dulles and dined last night with congressional and business was reported to have assured officials that Russia has no intention of try ing to force France and the United States out of Berlin Access Promised Informants said the Kremlins number two man the din ner group Monday night that Russia was willing to promise continued Allied access to the Communist encircled city when the Russians turn over control of their sector and the supply lines to the East German Com munists June Mikoyan has insisted that Russia intends to go through with its promise to turn East Berlin over to the German Reds ftt the end of May and has urg ed anew that the Allies evacu ate West Berlin by that time and permit it to become a de militarized free No Isolation he appears to have made it clear that Russia does not intend to through the Page 2 Red Scientist Says Noon Shot First Attempt MOSCOW A lop Soviet scientist said today the Russians successfully fired their moon rocket the first time they Anatoly head of the technical sciences department of the USSR Acade my of said the moon shot launched Friday was the first of its kind ever tried in The statement that the Soviet Union has known no launching failures such as those suffered by the United States in its moon rocket efforts was made at a news conference for foreign and Soviet Scientists at the conference al so said the which was launched in the direction of the moon and bypassed it by 5000 miles Sunday is now miles from the It is now entering into its psr manent orbit around the they Boris a lead Ing Soviet said there was a possibility the artificial planet might come within com paratively small distance of the a development which would make its tracking possi Blagonravov said this launch ing had not been preceded by See Page 2 grip on Texas was broken Tues but freezing air was still thrust deep into the Belowfreezing temperatures were reported at Laredo on the Rio Grande early Tuesday and a freezing drizzle fell for a the freeze line extended from the Pan handle down to the Wink and El Paso Pre drawn readings ranged from 12 degrees at Dalhart to 40 at PRETTY The men with beards are not being re placed in the Castro but additions to the forces such as this pretty girl will not hurt the popular appeal of the forces now in command in Cubas capita She was on patrol other members of the rebel forces a headquarter build She to give her AP Wirephoto Council Head Finds Brighter Cotton Outlook 6 UPI A brighter era for the nations cotton industry is fore seen for 1959 by Harry Bak president of the National Cotton Baker reported new farm legislation has erased the pro spect of a drastic cotton acre age reduction of nearly one fourth this year and cleared the way for individual farmers to increase their acreage in return for acceptance of lower price The new Baker also has brought a major adjustment in government price policies which had helped push the industry to the brink of He claimed it allow ed a move toward a one price system for Under the new there can be a significant down ward adjustment in the price of cotton over the new few Baker And we through our market that this can give cotton new competitive strength in many of the end use markets for tex tile The lower price also will help prevent major losses especially in markets where cot ton has been at big price dis advantage against See Page 2 Rayburn Renamed But Martin Faces Fight Cold Wave Causes Destruction By The Associated Press Winters coldest blasts buffet id the Northeastern states to day causing widespread death and The bitter cold brought freez ing temperatures to portions of orthern but the Miami weather bureau said indications pointed to only slight damage to The northers terrible chill Rain or light drizzle fell from Southwest Texas down the Rio Grande Valley to Brownsville and up the coast and center of the state to Hous ton and Subzero powered by gale and sometimes hurricane force spread across wide areas of the At least 19 person perished in flaming Blazes also raced through office stores and The fire deaths brought the nations storm death toll in the See Page 9 Home Rule On Malta Lifted 6 Britain has suspended home rule on strategic creat ing the threat of a new colonial crisis like the one that has soaked Cyprus in The colonial office announced Monday night that it has revok ed the Malta em powering Sir Robert Lay cock to rule the island indef initely by The announcement said a new restoring home will be drawn up as soon as some solution is found to the dispute that has left Malta without a government for near ly nine Laborite expremier Dom Mint of the Maltese opposi tion to is expected to react sharply to the suspension of home He has already hinted that he is ready to back up his demands for independ Can Seal Subs 6 UP The re tiring NATO commander in southern Europe said today that Allied forces could seal off the Mediterranean against Soviet submarines in the event of Robert Briscoe spoke to a press conference en route He said the subma rine problem in the Mediterrane an could be handled by block ing Gibraltar and the Dar Study AShots On Oil Shale 6 UPI Some of the smartest men in the oil and chemical industries met in Dallas today to consider whether they can use atomic blasts to recover nearly a tril lion barrels of oil in Utah and If it is feasible to use under ground nuclear detonation to break up oil shale it could change the whole out look for the petroleum The meeting in Dallas follows earlier one at In which scientists and engi neers for the Atomic Energy the Ernest Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at and the Bureau of Mines agreed that application of nuclear energy In the recovery of oil has con siderable In a paper prepared for de livery today to the meeting of the Bureau of Mines and the petroleum Charles Violet of the University of reported on the first completely contained nuclear explosion at the Nevada test site on and on additional underground detona tions in It would be or types of nuclear explosions that would be employed in the new method of oil Violet said in his technical paper that in the underground explosion in codenamed that no radioactivity was discovered in the tunnel in excess of the natural back ground as measured prior to the In Violet said the energy released by the nuclear explosions was equivalent to tons of high The blast was in a room six by seven 899 feet under a rocky mountain and 79 feet back from the face of Violet said the shock was suf ficiently strong to vaporize the rock for the first three feet and to melt it out to 15 The rock was crushed on further out to a radius of 130 The scientist said the radio with negligible excep was trapped in 700 tons of melted The entrapment of activity in such experiments in oil recovery is of obvious im Violet said in a con cluding section of his report that it is clear the complete See Page 2 Bureau of Mines detailed today plans for releasing with an atomic explosion the trillion of barrels of oil held in West ern shale Gooding of the Bureau of Mines said no specific target date has been set for such e He said this depends on the oil industrys cooperation and conferences with the Atom ic Energy indus try and the In an Gooding ex plained the agencies and indus try hope to 1 puverize the oil bearing shale with an under ground shot and 2 then free the oil from the shale by man controlled fires under assistant chief of pe troleum engineering of the agen was in Dallas for a confer ence of leaders of the the AEC and He said the initial experiment al atomic explosion is expected to produce barrels of oil and 10 million cubic feet of gas at the Then the man made fires would continue to produce quantities of oil and See Page 3 41 Jt Polio Shot Helpful Panel Nears Finish Revision Task The Corsicana charter in session Monday made plans to conclude its work on the drafting of a proposed new city charter in two more the nights of Monday 12 and In last nights attended by 10 of the 15 three sections were These were 1 Taxation 2 referendum and recall 3 Allied Secretary Julius Jacobs reported Tuesday that the matter which brought on the most extensive discussion was whether or not a ceiling should be placed on the general operating tax and it was the majority consensus that a ceiling of should be In order to complete the drafting of the charter and turn it over to the City Commission by Jacobs said it would be necessary to hold meetings on successive Monday nights to cover the two remaining phases of work the section pertaining to utilities and general and a final review of issues not completely settled prior ock S With these two the commission expects to complete COMPULSORY IMMUNIZATION ANN UP Jonas who developed the antipolio vaccine that bears his today recommended a fourth shot to increase immunization against crippling infantile But Gordon a University of Michigan scientist said that while a fourth dose undoubtedly would be beneficial to many what is most needed is complete threeshot immunization of the larger number who have as yet had no vaccine at The president of the American Medical Gunnar declared there is no time to lose in the 1 PROPOSED plusbooster campaign that partial immunization is not enough and that doctors must see that the the indigent and the complacemenl are And Thomas Francis on whose 1955 findings Salks vaccine was accepted as potent and effective suggested from the same platform today that Americans be made to comply with a code of just as they must with electrical and plumbing All four appeared on a symposium sponsored by the University of Michigan School of Public Health in connection with the kickoff of the National Polio Foundations 1959 March of Dimes campaign to raise 65 million dollars to combat arthritis and birth defects as well as sff 7JT SJ Mail Appeals For Support Dimes March All post office boxlv lders in Corsicana have mailed out appeals from the Navarro County Polio Chapter and an enclosed folder in which to return their gift for the 1959 March of Dimes it was announced Tuesday by Chapter Chairman Embry Coin containers have been distributed to downtown business firms and to business places in the county towns to foe placed on prominent display in order that the public may help support the Dimes drive in this Chairman Ferguson said that the campaign has not produced much in the way of donations at this early but is expected to pick up with the delivery of the mall The chairman announced that contributions may be mailed direct to the Polio chapter addressed March of Navarro Box Severe cold weather last Saturday prevented a group of teenage girls from carrying Reform Theme Facing Sooner Solons OKLAHOMA 8 un 27th Legislature opened at noon today on a turbulent theme of repeal and elect Howard take office next but the first part of his controversial program was expected Up for introduction during the opening minutes was joint resolution caling for a statewide vote on repealing Oklahoma has been dry since statehood in Edmondsons reform to be introduced next include legislative merit system for state district attorney system and a nonpolitical highway safety Such controversial issues as legalizing whisky and reapportioning the Legislature have been killed quickly in previous But the 34yearold Tulsan was elected by a landslide vote on reform and he apparently Is counting on this support at the polls to help sway a relucant P i 2 American Janitress Lives Talent Parable LOS 6 This is a the Methodist minister pressing a 50cent piece Into the gnarled land of the tiny a month Use it wisely and it will And Nicolosa Donlucas listened to the Nicolas Davila relate Jesus parable of the As she broom in he explained how some persons can make one coin become while others as Con vair Test Pilot Killed 6 UPI Civilian test pilot Francis died Monday when his Supersonic F106 Delta Dart plunged to earth 15 miles southeast of The chief test pilot for Convair Aircraft at Holloman AFB went down with the allweather Interceptor fighter when the ejection seat apparently failed to Air Force spokesmen blamed a hydraulic system failure for the father of six children and from San was on a special missile probably testing the MB1 Genie an airtoair rocket capable of carrying a nuclear The rocket was presumed of what they That was last Some days a timid knock came on his It was She held out to she His halfdollar had paid for some cheese and She had made enchiladas arid sold then bought more cheese and tortillas and sold more Now she had Half she was giving to the Methodistoperated community center Page Find Statehood Costs 8 UP Statehood brought bad news to some Alaskans today The heretofore taxfree costofliving allowance paid federal employes now is Federal employes in Alaska received a 25 per cent allowance above their basic wage scale to offset higher living It previously had been exempt from federal income In a ruling made public Harold assistant internal revenue said Alaskas admission lo statehood makes a change Page 9 TO RUN AGAIN SEOUL UP A government spokesman said today that President Syngman Rhee will run for a fourth term next Rhee will be 84 next March and has been South Koreas only president since the rerepublic was founded in The presidentia election Is expected about by which time Rhee will be Israeli Invents Practical Conversion Seas May By DKLOS SMITH NEW The Inexhaustible waters of the seas may soon become available to make deserts bloom and supply vast Industrial thanks to a scientific Invention which can extract the salt from It with a high efficiency at relatively small This is the word circulating among Interested scientists who understand the invention of their Israeli Alexander has been proved practical for largescale application after more than two years of pilotplant testing and Zarchins invention is a technical process which capitalizes on a phenomenon known for untold centuries frozen sea water is saltfree as it melts under certain The extremely difficult technical Dese was to organize and control this natural The technical process which does it Is This has made for legalistic difficulties in setting up worldwide patent it was Israel financed the research and and its government will not divulge any of the finer techniques involved in the process until all patent problems are this reporter The worth of the invention depends upon how much you need water since this controls how much you can pay for Israel and the entire arid Middle East need water especially Israel which is striving to develop an extensive agriculture and Much of Israels water now comes from deep wells and it costs eight to nine cents a cubic foot to get it to the It was estimated that the Bloom process could desalt sea water at one half this There are several other ways of The Zarchin way was said to cost one tenth or less than the other No less an authority than Nace of the geological survey believes that the wholesale conversion of sea water in not economically feasible for this country In the near The arid sections are too far removed from the But for arid nations bordering on it could be economic The Sahara borders on the for powers the process is electricity and the only authoritative estimate of cost was in terms of kilowatt Experimentally three kilowatt hours will process one ton of Page 3 6 UPI Joseph Mar tin predicted fail ure today for a drive by insur gent Republicans to unseat him as GOP House a post he has held for 20 Martin claimed he would win the fight to be decided be hind closed doors at a Repub lican caucus late today by at least nine But supporters of the 74year old Martins Charles Halleck who is also claimed Martin said the intraparty struggle in the House cannot help but result in bitterness among Republicans as Congress opens for its 86th session Wed House in had no trouble choosing their They unanimously de cided to return veterans Speak er Sam Rayburn to that post and to retain John McCormick as Democratic floor Ray burns selection technically is subject to a roll call vote in the House Among the cau cuses of individual state dele gations began taking stands in the MartinHalieck The Pennsylvania Republicans agreed their nineman delega tion would support while the New York group reported it was pretty well Ohio See Page 2 McGill Services Set Wednesday Interment Here Funeral services for William Lawrence Bill chief of the Civil Defense and Disas ter Relief work in will be hpjd from the University Methodist church in Austin Wednesday at 10 a Corslcana died in the Anderson Clinic in Houston Monday fol lowing1 an extended The funeral rites will be con ducted by Edmund Heln pastor of the Graveside services will be at Onkwood cemetery here Wed nesday at McGill has held top executive posts under the last five Texas governors beginning with Lee ODanlel and then serving with Coke Beau ford Allan Shivers and Price After graduating from Corsi cana High School in Mc Gill received his degree in journalism in 1922 from the University of Texas and later received a masters Prominent in student he served on the Daily Texan staff during his undergraduate days and later became director of student publications and a professor of McGill was a former member of the Corslcana Dally Sun Active in all phases of stu dent McGill was one of the organizers of the Texas Cow managed the Texas Long horn baseball club in the See Page 5 WINTERS HANDIWORK When subfreezing temperatures hit dripping wa ter from the windmill pump water tower formed this eye catching The wintry blast that soared across the state sent temperatures skidding to record AP Wirephoto Bitter Weather Blamed As 32 Killed In Fires By United Press IntornnHonnl A rashof fires in bitter cold weather across the nation ac counted for at least 32 At seven air men died Tuesday when the fire swept their barracks in a Syra cuse University housing At least 15 others wore Del in charge of a detachment of air men taking part in special courses at the put the number of dead at seven after firemen spent several hours searching the Another early morning blaze Tuesday swept a small nursing home at taking the lives of five elderly The fire apparently broke out in the basement of the old then ate its way up through a partition to the ground Four of the See Paga 2 Istanbul Blast Takes 30 Lives 6 persons were believ ed killed and 100 seriously In jured in a thunderous explosion this morning that shattered two crowded fourstory office build ings in old central Three of the dead were pass engers In a bus which was pass ing and was crushed by the Another four died In a coffee shop across the narrow street from the Among the tenants in the buildings were the newspapers Istanbul Ekspres and Yeni ESTIMATE UPS FIGURES ON DEFICIT Money Available Is Lower Than October Guess 6 ler Robert Calvcrt said to day the Legislature will have to find 167 million dollars in new money to maintain state spending at present levels dur ing the next two fiscal This would take into account no increase in an unlikely Million Deficit Calvert told newsmen that Texas deficit at the end of this fiscal would be 10 million dollars more than previously Calvert told a news confer ence the deficit in round num would be about 65 mil lion compared to tha estimate of 55 million dollars made last Official Report The estimate today was mada in the official report that Cal vert must give when the Legis lature He said the Legislature meet ing Tuesday would have about 115 million dollars available for compared to the 125 million dollar figure he had estimated in Price Daniel estimated last month that fulfilling mini mum need would call for ap propriations of 175 to 185 ml lion dollars in Additional reve nue V Calverts official estimate of See STATE Page 6 Judge Refuses To Oust Ai Little Rock LITTLE S Judge John Miller refused todny to re move the government as a friend of the court in the Little Rock integration An attorney for a newlyelect ed school board made the re quest when Judge Miller opened a hearing on a mandate of the Eighth Circuit Court of Appeals to take affirmative ac tion to open and integrate four Little Rock high Herschel said to relieve the government would have a stabilizing and perhaps sobering effect on the Donald an at torney for the Department of He said the government hns the duty to see that constitutional rights are not violated in all I believe wo can be of help in this particularly when one considers the present pos ture of this MacGuineaa Friday argued that Federal Judge Ronald who handled earlier litigation in the Invited the government lo appear for the first time on Judge Davics saw fit to do this at that See LITTLE Page 2 Cuban Courts Gone 6 UPI Provisional President Manuel Urrutia today dissolved both houses of the Batista Congress and the Batistaappointed courts of urgency criminal courts in a move to wipe out the last vestiges of the Batista dicta Urrutia named several cabi net members Monday night and early and prepared to them In while making peace with young leaders of the rival revolutionary director ate rebel movement which also fought expresident Fulgenco In a major conciliatory move Urrutia announced he would honor today the martyred heroes of the rival student rebel movement who were killed In an earlier uprising against Ba He also announced the ap pointment of Felipe Pazos as president of the national bank and Justo Carrlllo as president of the Cuban Development The student the rev olutionary directorate headed by 28yearold Rolando opened a second front In central Cuba in support of the 26th of July rebel movement led by Fidel It has demanded a voice in the now Urrutias pledge to hold a ceremony today at the Universi ty of Havana to honor the stu dents who lost their lives in the unsuccessful 1057 assault on the presidential palace occupied by Fulgenclo Batista was expected to improve relations between the 26th of July group and the d Diplomatic observers here were cheered that rival factions within the rebel coalition proved capable of resolving the differences which for a while blocked Urrutias of the presidential They also were pleased by Urrutius conciliatory Meanwhile the Urrutia gov ernment took a number of steps designed to consolidate its posi tion proclaimed a new con stitution guaranteeing civil rights and pledging early elcc received the foreign dip lomatic corps and foreign press at the presidential palace with in minutes after arrival and asked for diplomatic recogni pledged a full guarantee of American Investments in promised an ImmedlatB increase in security arrange ments to prevent a recurrenca of the invasion of the Colombia embassy by rebel promptly repealed a mar tial law Issued by Ha vana military be fore It could even go into ef At the same time the Urrutia government received these votes of confidence from out side the government governments in Eu rope and Latin America indicat ed their willingness to extend formal So far Pana Peru and Venezuela havo done BO and the United States was expected Even while expressing alarm over the Monday morning embassy Colombian ambassador Juan Calvo express ed friendliness to Urrutias gov Cuban Chamber of Commerce and the Association of Sugar Growers pledged their support and confidence In tha Sea Page 2
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