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   Corsicana Daily Sun (Newspaper) - August 7, 1945, Corsicana, Texas                                THE WEATHER Eait cloudy mostly cloudy with scattered thundershowers and not so hot north portion this afternoon and OompWte tteport on Mirket Thermometer 9 10 I 11 I 1 l 2J 09 90 92 f 92 90 91 92 MARKKTS 4T A GLANGR NBW Anr peace talk hits lower ratln easy Southern scllinr lower hedging war easy tavorablc crop weak commission house active ami lully top steady to weak top the fl Home SUn indStmUfctMyMocniniUihm FULL LEASED WIRE ASSOCIATED PRESS AP TELEMATS AUGUST PAGES PRICE FIVE CENTS JAPAN FACING TERRIBLE FATE IRON CENSORSHIP CLAMPED ON DETAILS OF ATOMIC DOMD1NG JAPANESE ADMIT DE STRUCTION CONSIDERABLE BUT FAIL TELL STORY cen tnrship was clamped on details of the atom bombing of Hiroshi ma by thf Strategic Air Forces but from the stun ned enemy finally came admis sion that the new weapon had done great A Japanese Imperial communi que broadcast by Radio Tokyo hinted the Nipponese war lords were scurrying trying to determine what hit the Hiroshima Brwhilearneager disclosures said one bomb had hit with euch devastating force that the city was hidden in a towering cloud of the Japanese talked of new Their use of the plural indicated the blast was so shattering they could not believe only one bomb had The Nipponese communique said a number of B29s made the attack with considerable de The adfission was tvpical of the Japanese habit of indereatimating because U sources indicated the great cloud of dust that rose from Hirer shima might have contained va porized Trains Several hours before the enmy communique was the Osa ka radio had given some suggest ion of the extent of the damage when it made a matter of fact announcement that various trains in Hiroshima prefecture had been The Imperial headquarters com munique was amplified later by a Domei news agency dispatch quot ing informed quarters as saying that the bomb was parachuted and exploded before reaching the The dispatch warned the Japa nese people that its destructive power cannot bo It repeated the communiques stflte moie one had been declaring a had been Termed Domei followed usual Japanese procedure in admitting only that rather military es were It termed the bomb tactics inhuman and said impatience at slow prog ress of invasion plans drove the enemy to its Marianasbased B29s today kept up the continual pounding of fee enemy empire with a noonday few ANOTHER SURRENDER JTOKYO HAY BE NEXT ULTIMATUM TO JAPAN VETERAN OK PACIFIC FIGHT Jnmes Doyl Gunners Mate Is a vete ran of 11 major battles in the Pa cific Theatre of The battleship on which he has served since joining the Navy April 8 was recently brought to Brem FORESEEN BY BRITISH NEW ATOMIC BOMB EX PECTED TO RAISE INTER NATIONAL QUESTIONS By HENRY JAMESON new surrender ultimatum to backed by the threat of atomic was forecast in the British press today and the question was raised whether the United States anl Britain would see fit to share their secret with other allied na British experts on scien tific and international busy making calculations on the effects of the awesome said the bomb would influence all fu ture international relations and produced the alarming problem of how to control How far it will be possible or for the former Hlsi Miss Elvice has recently return ed from Bremerton where she visi ited he Barr saw action at Pearl New Luzon the Second Battle of the Philippine Sea and in the battle of He is the son of and and attended the Barry high HEAVY OVERCHARGE IN ENGINEERING FOR RECLAMATION AREA FIRM OF HAILE AND MCLENDON PAID MORE THAN DUE State Auditor J Cavness to reported to the Governor and the Attorney General that a cur rent audit of the San Jacinto River wise to diffuse generally over the world the knowledge of how to make these bombs poses a vitally important said Gil bert joint president of the eague of nations union since There are enormous difficulties in eeping It as a secret of one or wo To Serve New The Daily In a Washing ton quoted reliable sour ces In the capital as saying the allies would serve Japan anoth er ultimatum threatening to bomb her Into oblivion with the new weapon unless she surrendered un The ultimatum would carry a 48hour time the Mail allied propagandists al ready were at work bombarding Japan with radio accounts of the new bomb and its The sober Manchester Guardian declared that man is at least well on the way to the mastery of the means of destroying himself utter Effect on research controller of the Imperial Chemical Indus one of the veloyed the bomb was drop Conservation and Reclamation 125plane strike at the big Toyo kawa naval 37 miles southeast of Nagoya Re turning airmen said they bombed visually in good weather and re suits were I The 20th Air Force communique today also reported a broad sweep across the Tokyo area yes terday by 97 Iwobased Mustangs which smashed at nine enemy rail and shippinp and destroyed or damaged 25 grounded TokyoYokohama Area The TokyoYokohama was tombed and strafed about an hour this morning by 40 Iwobased Am erican Mustangs and it is report ed that several Brieish planes of See AIR Page 8 RICHARD AERIAL ACE OF KILLED IN EXPLOSION JET P80 SHOOTING STAR HE WAS TESTING f EXPLODES Richard Ira the farm boy whn Americas aerial fc ace of ces by downing 40 Japa w tiese planes while emerging un Hcathed Irom over 500 combat today lay the victim of a jet P80 shooting star explo sion occurred four minutes after a The which scattered parts of the plane over an oc curred yesterday afternoon just after the 24yearold pilot left Lockheed Air Terminal on a test Major Bong aparently tried to jump clear of the disintegrating but flames caught His body was found 100 feet from the flaming jet His parachute had partly The pugnosed fighter pi who had been testing P80s for the Army Technical Service Command since July knew he was in trouble as soon as the plane took He radioed the control a puff of black smoke belched trom the worlds fastest plane SLI Bong levelled off in flight A Lockheed service Frank reported The right wing the pilots escape hatch came off and the plane nosed over straight A column of smoke went into the air about 400 This was the then Ifcr the boy who had earned 26 including the Cin sressional Medal of Dick was working on an oil painting of his attractive wife in his spar who majcred in art in taufM fain MM District has disclosed overcharg es totaling for engt neering expenses paid by the Dis trict to the firm of Haile and McClondon of Cavness included with his letter the copy of a letter dated signed by William Mc Clendon for the accepting the correctness of the audit and acknowledging our obligation to the district for such sum of Cavness made his report to the thf Attorney Genera and the legislative audit commit tee under terms of the statute un der which his office operates with the legislative audit noted that he had made an oral presentation of certain facts we have evolved in connection with an audit now have in progress of the accounts and records of the San and River Conservation Reclamation a state agency wilh headquarters at Con Written Report am by the commit ON LIST FOR ATOMIC BOMB DESTRUCTION WASHINGTON OFFICIALS TRYING TO EVALUATE EF FECTS NEW WEAPON By JOHN HIGHTOWER Tokyo or one of Japans other great war industry cities is believed here oday to be next on the list for atomic bomb This is the view of officials try ng to evaluate the possible effecta of the terrifying new bringing this war to an early end and on shaping the world of From what has been announced publicly by President Truman and other American and British offici als it is clear that old ideas of defense and security based even on weapons as modern as the rockets Hitler used against due to undergo rad ical In its impact on peaceful pursuits the newly harnessed energy still is somt years from practical ac cording to officials but it may revolutionize Industry and trade of the Evidently with this In President Truman made clear in his announcement of the new bomb yesterday that the development of atomic power in this country is to be kept under tight government TwoSided Because of its enormous poten tialities for both war and the use of atomic energy is a two sided Here are principal points of both sides as developed in official statements and interpret ed by those qualified to do so Effect on the war with Dropping of the first atomic bomb on the Japanese army base at Hiroshima Sunday night was main See ATOMIC 8 BRITAIN MAINTAINED ped on Japan for the first time said This Invention prob ably will have a revolutionary af fect on our future We have solved the problem how to release almost unlimited The next thing is to discover how to harness it so it will serve It Is impossible yet to measure its ef The lifting of the secrecy sur 8ee Page 8 MAJOJTROBERT YOUNG NAMED AS INTERIM US DISTRICT ATTORNEY HOKKAIDO Sea of Japan KOREA k JAPAN HONSHU SADO THROUGHOUT 1940 NEW ATOMIC BOMB HITS JAP AiRMY Truman disclosed Monday that an atomic bomb with more power than of had been dropped on Hiroshima bomb burst aJapihWe rained Incendiary and explosive bombs on Japanese war centers underlined and used rockets and machine guns on targets In Tokyo area Air headquarters said that photos showed Toyama Thursday was totally Mine symbols locate areas mined over weekend by AP Wirephoto Map SINGLE TERRIFYING BOMB BELIEVED HAVE OBLITERATEO CITY SUPERFORTS CONTINUE HEAVY RAIDS JAPANESE HOMELAND OBJECTIVES By LEONARD MILLIMAN Associated Press War Reverberations of a single terri fying bomb which possibly obliter ated a Japanese military city yes terday drowned out the roar of high explosives rained by 125 Su perforts today on Toyokawa naval arsenal 175 miles southwest of To London predicted the allies would hand Japan a new ultimatum pack ing the power of the atomic bomb that blasted Emperor Hirohitos advisers would have a choice between unconditional sur render with 48 hours or oblivion tor their sacred Washington mentioned Tokyo It or another key Nipponese as the next probable target of the terrible atomic in the cautious words of an imperial admitted considerable damage was causefl to Hiroshima by the new typo bombsi Apparently destruction was so great the Nipponese war lords couldnt believe it was a sin gle Rail transportation to the city on the Southern shores of Japans main island was cut Details are now under In Nippons high com mand Believed Wiped Out Some sources in Washington sug gested the details would show the city of more than per sons was just about wiped out by tho single The bomb was dropped by para chute and exploded In the air be fore reaching the the government controlled Japanese Dome news agency It conceded that the bomb had Elderable destructive As a result of this wanton tee to make written those as is report of required by the act under such circumstances Cavness letter This evidence is in the sup porting records for engineering expenses paid by the The through its then board of entered into a verbal agreement with Haile and McClen consulting engineers of Hous some time prior to the calendar year for engi neering services to be the basis of compensation to be See Page 9 JAPANESE PORT OF TARUMI SET AFLAME DY FAR EAST FORCE south ern Japanese port of Tarumi was Bet aflame Sunday by more than 400 Far East Air Forces planes in the heaviest fire raid yet mounted by the Okinawabased fliers against a single The entire target was engulfed in flames and smoke that billowed feet Douglas Mac Arthur related in todays commu nique announcing the twohour at Planes of all categories in the Far East Air Forces participated At least 300 of the force were with jellied gasoline bombs which they poured in at low level in precision strikes against the towns factories and Tarumi is on Yyushu Only one Japanese plane attempt ed interception Other aerial attacks were an nounced against enemy holdings all the way to Java and Seventh fleet Liberators sank a 120foot submarine chaser and dam aged eight other small vessels off Formosa while Fifth Air Force Lib erators were harassing Shanghai Tingkhai Farflying Lightning fighters re peated their last weeks record 100mile roundtrip to Singapore By HELM AN former Vichy ter and governor of to day told the court trying Marshal Petain for his life that Britain maintained contact with the old soldiers regime throughout 1940 through Spain and He said Petain and Laval were jot loggerheads within six months after the Vichy government was set up and that Laval was arrest rd on the night of 1940 after Petain had consulted the cabinet of which he was interior A womans suicide leap before a Hibway train delayed the trial for an hour today because a juror jwas caught in the ensuing traffic who was moved from Argentine to North Africa by AND MEMBER AAF NAMED FORT COntaetS With Robert who has served both as assistant city attorney and assistant district attornev was appointed act ng Attorney for the North ern Texas District today and im mediately took the oath of Selection of Young to serve until regular fouryear appointment is FORMER FORT WORTH AS SISTANT CITY ATTORNEY where they shot down two Tojo made was announced by Federal cause they were concerned about the French He said noth ing came of the Juror When a juror asked about Vichys antiJewish Peyrou ton asked Is this my trial or Marshal Pctains But he as serted that racial were signed by all government minis Judge James senior iudge of the The official appointment was signed also by Federal Judge Atwell and Davidson of Youug was released from mili tary service after serving with the Army Air Forces for three nearly Judge Wilson said the appoint ment of an acting district attorney who haci no previous connection with the office was made at the request of attorney general Tom who asked that a special Federal Grand Jury be called to investigate the Attorneys The attorney general sug gested appointment of a disinter ested prson to provide certainty of a fair and impartial Changes In Staff Young said he would make no changes in the staff of the in deference to another request by the Attorney Judge Wilson said the ment made after he was inj formed by the Attorney General I last week that the office would be come vacant by retirement of Clyde last Saturday and that Senators Connally and ODaniel were unable to agree up on recommendations of a succes The entering its 14th is expected to close by the end of Pcy that hoys of 16 were sent to concen trations camps In North mlptreated and even The witness denied next Jurors and judges asked louton whether he knew He said compiled he had lists of forcottcn who Questioned about the meeting of Hitler and Petain at Peyrouton said President Roose velt sent a mersage to Petain af See Page 9 DELEGATES UNITED NATIONS CONVERGE ON LONDON TODAY of 14 nations were converging on London today for the opening meeting Thursday of an interim commission to prepare for estab lishment of the new international serurlty Coming by delegates of Mexiro the Russia and Yugosla Amsriran embassy offirials said they understood that former secre tary of Edward who will be chief delegate in the new security will ar rive with other Ameriran repj resentatives before the end of the At Least Thirteen Persons Killed In Elevator Explosion PORT least 13 persons were killed today by an explosion which wrecked storage elevator 5 of the Saskatchewan Wheat one of the largest at the head of the Great Many workmen were The bloat rocked the twin cities of Port Arthur and Rock Wil An accumulation of grain a source of explosions in grain may have caused the War At A Glance By The Associated JAPAN Trains were cancelled Into Hiroshima where the worlds first atomic to tons of dropped Mon Imperial command disclosed hat extensive destruction was Demolition bombs from 12S B29s hit Toyokawa naval More than Far East air force and fighters raided th Kushu port of Taruml PHILIPPINES Americans press ed new against Japanese Isolated In three groups In Nor thern LuionK CHINA Chinese troops captured BURMA Allied patrols crossed Slttang river channel north of Ran AP ANALYST DISCUSSES ATOMIC BOMB AND WHAT IT MAY MEAN TO FUTURE WARMINDED NATIONS Judge Wilson indicated that the special grand jury asked by the Attorney General would be Impan eled jome time in Tha district attorneys office has been under investigation by the JusticeDepartment since last Feb when assistant at torney Joe Jones of Dallas was Eastus later was re lieved of his office by order of the Attorney General in but was permitted to return to of fice July 6 tit finish out his He did not seek Young is a native of Bonham but has lived here snice He re cently was on duty at Wichita At Tom Sec Bv HEWITT MACKENZIE Al Foreign Affairs Analyst nations will be liable to COMMERCIAL USE FOR ATOMIC ENERGY IS STILL REMOTE By MARLOW Secretary of War Stlmson has cold watered the idea that there may be commercial use of atomic en ergy soon after this wai because of discoveries connected with the atomic He says bluntly It will be a matter of much fur ther research and development to design machines for the conver sion of atomic energy into useful How long this will take no one can predict but it will certain ly be a period of many that eventually atomic energy can be used for peace time questions af fecting mankinds future have to be Uranium is the ore essential to production of the atomic Before this war there was a lot of experimenting with nd there was a lot of speculating to atomic bomb bids fair be one to end all Theer are two ways of looking at this terrible new The hap pier view is that militaristmind ed nations no longer will dare make war and so expose themselves to It may be that we stand on the threshold of an era of ironically imposed on a mischievous world by fear of the most weapon ever Thats one way of ending all bombs But theres another and less comforting This destruction almost In the future for atomic this connection we should remem Some of It went like this her that the secret of the bomb I Thered be no need any more for perhaps wont be secret The coal or oil as fuel if the atoms en scientists of the world will ferret jergy could be turned into commer it i clal A small capsule of ura The all but had it when subjected to we overwhelmed and if they atomic gave tre had succeeded in solving the mendous The heat makes we fok of the United States Steam drives and the othfr Allied nations today gOp that capsule would drive the might he under Hitlers Queen Mary on a roundtrip At On the whole it seems logical tOi iantio would keep an au expect that atomic bomb may or airplane running for be itll rainbow of peace j would heat a mani horns than the sipin of global or a keep factory less coniorimg imai lor a was rather bluntly but succinctly Surely the world has toe much wheels byan editor colleaguejof challenge mine judt after news of the atomic bomb It makes me sick to my stom ach to think of he You wonder whether man isnt getting too and wont de stroy jf course you cant dis couni Kiat Certainly the time has ariived if all coun Even a gangster gunman doesnt deliberately walk Into ma World peace in the greatest boon that the discovery can bring so far ns we can judge But with peice there appar ently are unlimited benefits for in what President Tru man dPscriljop as harnessing the But control this power lime lias ariiveu n nti M tries dont agree to forsake armed basic pcwer of the few private corporations or the In the hands of a few such control could be a stranglehold on Ameri ca If the how would It TVA would operate the power With such atomic Like power there be any need for waterpower dame at all MORE MONEY TO BE REQUIRED FOR 1946 PROGRAM BY UNRRA highly responsible American source said today that UNRRAs program through 1946 would require new contributions from participating nations of between and Details of the financial program will be presented to the UNRRA conference here by Director Gen eral Herbert Lehman he The larger figure was reported to de pend upon whether the council grants Russias request for 000 worth of The United States contribution to the organizations fund to date has amounted to about 72 per cent of the Ernest Britains new for eign told the opening session of the third UNRRA Inter national council that liberated Eu rope must be succored during the next 12 months to prevent anarchy and Listing food as the major need in helping the liberated Bevin asserted that there were members of UNRRA who were In a position to make a much bigger contribution to the work than they have in the Ho told the delegates from 44 nations that some of the great nations have already been Impov erished by the demands of the Tho foreign minister spoke short ly after Herbert UNRRAs general opened the con Terence with a terse description of the havoc left by the war which he saw first hand In a recent tour of AMERICANFILIPINO TROOPS DEVELOPING PINCH ON JAPANESE and Filipino troops are developing twoway pinch on Japanese hide outs in Northern Luzon in a relent less search 1or General Yamashlta despite some rumors that the Jap anese commander of the Philip pines was killed in an air An estimated Japanese have been pocketed in three areas in the towering The Sixth Infantry division reported these enemy remnants had been split Into small groups in the vi cinity of Mayoyao and Associated Press Correspondent Russell with the 127th in fantry regiment of the 32nd divis said three American and Fill pnio columns had made new thrusts 55 miles northeast of and were developing a twoway pinch on enemy holdouts believed to in cludt Yamashlta and his Domei a number of houses In the city demolished and scattered flren flared Both sides exploited the propa ganda value of wars newest and most devastating Ameri can planes showered Japan with pamphlets on the destructiveness of the Tokyo said impatience at the slow progress of the projected Invasion of the Japanese mainland drove the ene my to resort to such inhuman tac Military While a strict military censorship bottled up details ofjust what hap pened to cryptic offici al reports and results of experi ments with tho Atomic bomb indi cated it was something like this The bomb burst with a blinding1 Billowing clouds of debris and multicolored gases blanketed the Some of the city simply vanished under atomic Japan trembled for miles around as though shaken by one of the Islands familiar earth A which may be packed Se PACIFIC Page 8 AIR WILL BE REVISED IF BOMB DELIVERABLE HEAVILY PRO TECTED BOMBERS COULD DELIVER LOADS By STHEBIO IresH Avlutlln Editor Air war tactics will be revised sharply H the atomic bomb can be delivered as simply as convention al typea A few fast heavily pro tected hy fighters and flying above effective flak could accom pligh a mirion which now requires hundreds c large President Truman described the explosive charge as extremely but the official description of the July 1C test in New Mexico indicates that complex and possib ly heavy apparatus is necessady ta detonate the That mny he the answer to the role of thn Consolidated new est wnrplnne in the If the new bomb is heavy and the B32s buys could be adapted to house it more easily than those of the B29 ThBv B32 bays adjoin and can be used as a slngli while those of the B 29 are separated by the In viow of unofficial reports and tho official description of the it sceTis likely that the bomb is considerably heavier than the 400 pounds indicated by a British com From descriptions of the New Mexico test and the use of the bomb at it appears that only one bombing run is possible over a In the desert trial the smoke cloud rose quickly to while at Hiroshima the target immediately and apparently for some time after was blacked out by dust and Some new flying tactics probably am being worked out for use of the ncnv blhster and the more rible ones under   

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