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Corpus Christi Times (Newspaper) - April 29, 1975, Corpus Christi, Texas corpus christi Vol CORPUS CHRISTI TEXAS TUESDAY APRIL 29 1975 40 15 Cents Pullout in Final Stage SAIGON AP US helicopters swooped down on Saigon rooftops and the Tan Son Nhut airport today and began evacuating most of the remaining 800 to 900 Americans Some of the Americans fought off South Vietnamese desperately trying to flee before Communistled forces take over Americas 30yearinvolvement in the war was ending in wild and tragic scenes with US Marines and civilians using pistol and rifle butts to smash the fingers of Vietnamese trying to claw their way over the 10foot wall of the Embassy Some tried to jump the wall and landed on the barbed wire A man and a woman lay on the wire bleeding as helicopters lifted off the embassy roof People held up their children asking Americans to take them over the fence At the airport angry Vietnamese guards fired at busloads of evacuees and shouted We want to go too US fighterbombers flew air cover high over the city for the evacuation The Pentagon said 81 helicopters and more than 800 Marines were used to ferry evacuees to aircraft carriers in the South China Sea Defense Secretary James R Schlesinger said more than 4500 Americans and Vietnamese had been evacuated six hours after the operation began Vice President Nguyen Van Huyen renewed calls for a ceasefire but late today he denied that the government had reached any agreement with the Viet Cong He said a government delegation met twice during the day with a Viet Cong delegation at Tan Son Nhut but the Viet Cong group said it was not qualified to make political decisions Huyen said one of the demands of the Viet Cong the removal of all Americans was already being met and that the demands for abolishment of the Saigon government and the army were being considered President Ford ordered the airlift after President Duong Van Minn made a radio speech ordering all Americans assigned to the US defense attaches office out of the country within 24 hours At the same time South Vietnamese air force men began a mass flight from their homeland The Thai Foreign Ministry said 74 planes carried about 2000 Vietnamese to Utapao Air Base in southern Thailand Civilian officials of the South Vietnamese government were also reported fleeing as rumors spread that the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese would soon march into the city As the Americans pulled out South Vietnamese police and soldiers looted buildings they had occupied They carried out refrigerators furniture air conditioners and other household goods Besides the South Vietnamese planes which flew to Thailand a DC6B that had been used by highranking South Vietnamese officials landed at Clark Air Base in the Philippines with 130 persons aboard including air force men and a handful of women and children While most Americans were pulling out a few remained behind Among them were some newsmen and missionaries Three Associated Press correspondents remained George Esper Peter Arnett and Matt Franjola We have talked about this for years said Max Ediser 23 of Turpin Okfa who works with the Mennonite Central Committee We could never come up with a definite answer Now we realize that having talked of love to our Vietnamese people and told them not to yield to fear or ignorance wecannot leave them in this hour of need Among others remaining with Ediser are James Klassen from Kansas and Luke Marin from Pennsylvania both Mennonites and Claudia Krich and her husband Keith Brinton of the American Friends Service Committee The Thai government said it had advised the US Embassy that all planes belonging to the Cambodian and South Vietnamese governments flown to Thailand must be turned over to the Thai authorities and we expect to return them to the next Cambodian and South Vietnamese governments Three US Marine helicopters landed at the US defense attaches compound at the air base to load Americans brought there by bus through angry crowds of South Vietnamese wanting to flee with them See SAIGON Page 12A ByANNEDODSON Assessing what help the local MHMR Center needs from the state MHMR Department will be the first job of James Rs Needs Due J J Gonzales at work is acting director A King who arrived today from Austin Dr James R Dolby deputy commissioner for community centers said today that after King has made the assessment then other state department staff members will be assigned to the center Yesterday the trustees of the Nueces County Mental Health and Mental Retardation Community Center appealed to the state department for assistance after firing their executive director Nick Huestis The state department has given the local center 45 days to meet certain state requirements or lose its funding We cant tell right now exactly what will be needed by the center but well continue to help until the board feels comfortable with the center operation Dolby said today King wilt be in charge of the team of consultants with Dr Charles Rich arriving later this week Both are assistant deputy commissioners Kings role will be general management and Richs program areas The trustees named J J Gonzales as acting interim director of the center He was assistant executive director The board of trustees has called a meeting for 4 pm Thursday at the centers community room The agenda includes receiving information from King and his team members It was King who headed the 19 state department staff members who did a threeweek evaluation of the center Rich was in charge of the team studying the mental health services provided by the center Yesterday the trustees voted 61 to oust Huestis whose performance as executive director had been under increasing fire both locally and from the state The report laid the blame for the centers inadequacies in administration staff morale and to some degree in programs at Huestis door Huestis had offered his resignation as a formality in March when the board of trustees was reorganized The trustees tabled it then but set a special meeting yesterday to consider it Instead however they approved a motion to fire Huestis effectively immediately The chairman H H McCool resigned from the board in protest over the trustees action saying that he felt some injustice had been done to Huestis Huestis walked out of the meeting when he was not allowed to speak during a discussion by the trustees of a motion to go into closed session After this vote the presiding chairman Bobbie Lee Perry told Huestis he could then speak but Huestis was already walking out of the room The trustees met in closed session on personnel for about 20 minutes James A King here from state Keeping Up With the Crooks Getting Tough By JIM WOOD Staff Writer The need for more manpower due to increasing crime and increasing complaints were set out this morning to the Nueces County Commissioners Court Chief deputy constable D R Perkins supported by Mrs James Holder of the Annaville area asked for two more fulltime deputies and one parttime lawman Perkin said he simply doesnt have the manpower to provide the needed protection Mrs Holder representing the Greater Northwest Civic League said city police protection is inadequate and response time is slow The area lies both within and without the city limits County Judge Robert Barnes said he would meet with city officials to discuss the problem He said he sees no need to build up a large county police force in an area in which the city is responsible County Commissioner William McKinzie who also lives in that area agreed that crime is on the increase but said it is everywhere You dont dare leave a lawnmower out for two hours McKinzie said As to complaints Justice of the Peace Mike Westergren said he has been in the depths of despair because of his heavy workload He requested but got no assurances for additional help Lunch Costs Exceed Subsidy Plan By MARY ALICE DAVIS Staff Writer A proposed increase in the federal subsidy for school lunches would raise the amount of money the Corpus Christi school district has to spend on lunches by about 8 per cent But Mrs Gertrude Applebaum director of food services for the district said prices went up 15 to 20 per cent in the past year The US House on Monday voted in favor of a new fivecent subsidy for lunches described as a holding operation to keep prices the same in the lunchroom next fall The action is not final Mrs Applebaum said the district now receives a subsidy of 1175 cents per child and 6425 cents each for free lunches The district charges elementary students 35 cents a meal and secondary students 45 cents Thus Mrs Applebaum said the district on the average has 56 to 58 cents to work with in preparing a lunch A fivecent increase in the subsidy would represent an approximate 8 per cent increase Information presented to the House showed that the cost of preparing school lunches natinally rose 28 per cent last year The average price was 45 cents but it was as high as 80 cents in some cities Mrs Applebaum said that in Austin the price is 50 cents in elementary school and 55 in secondary without dessert in Dallas 40 and 45 cents without dessert and in Fort Worth 45 and 50 cents Corpus Christi has not raised lunch prices since 1966 she said US IN VIETNAM AP Wire photo Map Helicopters join evacuation effort flights from air base Saigon rooftops Pace of Americans Evacuation Criticized By JIM ADAMS WASHINGTON AP As Americans were being pulled out of Saigon in a final evacuation today some congressional Democrats criticized the operation as coming too late and unnecessarily risking US lives My feeling has been all along that theyve been withdrawing the Americans at a very sluggiish pace and were taking great risks with the lives of Americans there said Sen Frank Church DIdaho If there is a number of Americans at the very end that get trapped or killed I think there will be an investigation Church added He said congressional pressure helped speed the evacuation faster than the administration had planned Sen Hubert H Humphrey vice president during the Johnson administration and the biggest buildup of American involvement in Indochina said of todays evacuation I think its been too slow We lost two Marines last night I really think its inexcusable this delay The two Marines were killed in Communist shelling of the Tan Son Nhut air base near Saigon Monday Meanwhile the Pentagon disclosed the names of two Marines killed Monday in a Communist artillery and rocket attack on Tan Son Nhut airport near Saigon They were Cpl Charles McMahon Jr whose father lives in Woburn Mass and Lance Cpl Darwin L Judge son of H Judge of Marshalltown Iowa Speaking on NBCs Today show Humphrey said a large number of South Vietnamese refugees were brought out of Saigon by the United States in recent days I think our first responsibility was to the Americans he said Weve sure been depending on an awful lot of good luck in getting Americans Sen Dick Clark DIowa said he felt the administration waited needlessly long in ordering the final pullout They were clearly keeping Americans there to continue to have a reason to evacuate South Vietnamese Clark said See EVACUATION Page 12A Garza Promises Jail Time To Ail Guilty Defendants Westergren distributed information showing his office handles more than 50 per cent of the justice court filings in the county He said he is so discouraged that he did consider resigning and taking another job But he said that would be a breach of faith to voters so he was going to stick it out Westergren also said he is considering putting a ceiling on the number of complaints he will receive He said all of those he cannot handle would be referred to the commissioners court Barnes asked Westergren if he worked fulltime and Westergren said yes As he left the room Westergren jokingly remarked getting lost might be a solution in that he wouldnt be there to handle complaints In other business court passed a resolution opposing a state bill that would put a tax of at least one cent a gallon on products produced by refineries Barnes said the tax would put Texas refiners at a competitive disadvantage with those of other states He said it would cost local refiners up to million annually This he said could cripple See COUNTY Page 12A By NICK JIMENEZ Staff Writer Anyone who pleads guilty or is found guilty in any case in his court is going to spend at least 72 hours in jail County Court at Law Judge Margarito Garza said today This includes first offenders To prove his point Garza already has sentenced five persons all of whom plead guilty to driving while intoxicated to three days in jail and fines Garza said he wants the defendants to learn how to be in jail sober You can put up with anything while you are drunk he said The new policy Garza said will apply to persons charged in his court with any misdemeanor not just DWIs Garza said he will bring the five persons including one woman down to his court at am tomorrow when he may set their sentence aside and give them probation But he made no promises I dont want their money 1 want them to stop drinking and driving he said Garza said he realized that if he promises a jail term to anyone pleading guilty all of the defendants in the more than 200 pending cases will ask for jury trials But he said he is willing to grant them jury trials But they better ask for the jury to assess punishment the judge said Garza said he is sick of having persons charged with their first offense assume they will get probation The county court at law handles besides drivingwhileintoxicated charges cases involving shoplifting carrying of firearms unlawfully and misdemeanor assault cases Rockport Man Shot Suspect Arrested ARANSAS PASS A 43yearold Rockport man shot another Rockport man twice with a3030 caliber rifle last night in a bar here on East Wilson Calvin Mack 32 is in undetermined condition in the intensive care unit of Memorial Medical Center in Corpus Christi Mack was shot once in the abdomen and once in the leg while standing near the jukebox in the bar Four shots were fired at him said police Chief Rudy Ramirez of Aransas Pass said the two men had argued in another bar earlier in the evening The suspect was arrested shortly after the shooting The man will be charged today before Justice of the Peace Martin Hasket with assault with intent to murder inthe TIMEStoaay Editors Choice Weathermen Concerned Storm Evacuation problems mount Page 1B Gloom but No Doom Pol shows Americans still coping Page 8B Action Line Bridge Comics Crossword Dave Anderson Dear Abby Deaths Editorials Entertainment EtCetera Helolse Horoscope IB 38 8A 11A SB I1A 2D 28 6A IDA 10A SB In Corpus Christi IB Its Your Car 9A Junior Art Contest SA Pet Health 9A Sports 4B Stanich 7A Swann 7B Tagllabue 4B Tempo 9A TV Scout 6A Want Ads 2D Weather ID Mostly Cloudy Warm 1020 Some Say We Have Enough Problems Refugees Due Chilly Reception M 8 By The Associated Press The welcome awaiting thousands of Vietnamese refugees being brought to the United States apparently will be a gen erally chilly one Three military bases will temporarily house the refugees during a period of 90 days or more a Pentagon spokesman announced Monday The bases are Camp Pendleton Calif Ft Chaffee Ark and Eglin Air Force Base in Florida The announcement drew cool reactions in the three states I have serious questions about the policy we are pursuing in the eva cuation program said Sen John L McCIellan DArk chairman of the Senate Appropriations Committee The Congress should have been consulted more fully before such a massive refugee program of Vietnamese people was launched In Nlceville Fla where the refugees are expected to arrive at Eglin on Wednesday the local reaction was dismal We have one of the highest unemployment rates ever and a recession thats going into a depression said one local resident who called a radio station talk show Now Im going to have to pay for them too They cant speak English and they have no trade the male caller said I would like to round them up and send them back We should be at the airport and not let those refugees off the plane said one female caller because were going to have to feed them The federal government said that about 38000 refugees had been evacuated from Indochina as of Monday 12800 were evacuated to the Philippines 1700 to Wake Island and 23400 to Guam Deputy assistant secretary of state for congressional relations Samuel Goldberg said that the refugees would later be settled in all parts of the country He said the State Department is encouraged by the response of volunteer organizations that want to find homes for the refugees In California where almost 1000 refugees have arrived at Camp Pendleton Gov Edmund Brown Jr sharply criticized haphazard federal plans to relocate even temporarily the thousands of homeless war victims in the state He said California cannot afford more unemployment which the refugee influx would spur Perhaps the harshest criticism came from Rep Burt L Talcott RCalif whose district includes Camp Roberts near San Luis Obispo He said in Washington that he was pleased to announce that neither Roberts nor Camp San Luis Obispo will be used to shelter the refugees Generally my district was more positive understanding and compassionate than some other areas he said But there is another feeling that damn it we have too many Orientals According to a recent Harris poll 56 per cent of Americans questioned supported the mercy flights of Vietnamese orphans to this country The poll said 32 per cent opposed the flights and the rest were uncertain Most of the Vietnamese refugees are from the upper echelons of Saigon society Their children went to private schools and they lived in airconditioned villas Most are educated with professional skills medical doctors embassy workers defense technicians trained in the United States employes of US companies university professors and many were in some way associated with See REFUGEES Page 12A f
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