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Valley Star-Monitor-Herald (Newspaper) - December 31, 1939, Brownsville, Texas THE WEATHER Fair, Cool Generally fair Sunday, Monday partly cloudy and warmer; light to moderate variable winds on the coast becoming southerly. VALLEY SUNDAY -MONITOR H lliil BID (t la Htrllnrtn, Tux. 10 Cents FINAL EDITION AH ths news of the World and the Valley. Best Feat, ures and World's Best Comics. Vol. III. No. 25 HARLINGEN, Me ALLEN, BROWNSVILLE, TEXAS, SUNDAY, DECEMBER 31, 1939 THIRTY-TWO PAGES TODAY POISON GAS FATAL TO 2 YALLEYITES Finns Begin New Year By Routing Invaders THIRD SOVIET ARMY HURLED INTORETREAT Finland Exultant At New Victory war- riors of the snows Saturday flung a third Red Russian army back onto Soviet full jjhccd .the new year exultant in the they have shown to the world. (British accounts of the opera- tions at thc start of the second month of northern war went so far as to credit Finnish "suicide patrols" of skiicrs with cutting Russia's vital railway from Murmansk to Leningrad in three places. These dispatches said there were reports of a food shortage in Murmansk a result of thc raids on the rail- way, which is the main supply line lor the invading Others Stand Fast Other Finnish armies stood fast against attacks on the Manncrhcirn line while this little capital, in contrast to the bloody a-rial Blitz- krieg of a month ajjo, had not a single air raid alarm all day. Soviet however, attack- ed other towns both close to Hel- sinki and on th? Karelian Isthmus. Half a hundred bombs were dump- ed on Haflko. southwestern naval base, destroying a hospital and four other buildings and injuring ten parlcnts. Vaasa, in thc capital was bombed with three to five] civilian deaths; Sipoo. 30 miles east] of Helsinki, was raided and a little jjlrl was killed: there were civilian casualties in raids on Kakisalmi and other Isthmus towns. Thc third battle in which thc attacking Russians were pushed back across the border took place near Kuhmo, about 50 miles north of Llcksa, in lower central Finland. The Finnish command charted thc course of the Russian rout as south- east, past Kickki. Previously, the Reds had been forced back over the border at points cast and southeast of Licksa. The Finnish ski troops, moreover, have been reported in dashes into Soviet territory near Snlla, further th. in attempts to shear off the Soviet rail "life line." Finland's army command detailed victorious Finnish stands is on thc ice of Lake Suvanto, on the eastern Karelian Isthmus, at Kitalac. on thc northern shore of Lake Ladoga, and on a front between Lake Ruoko and Lake Sysky. A several day battle around Lake Kianta contin- ued. Puzzled By Reports Those Bowl Games Teams, Times, Places And Broadcasts NEW attendance start- ing times (Central Standard) and chains broadcast- ing (if any) football games New Year's Day. Sugar Bowl (Tulane-Texas p.m., NBC Orange Bowl (Georgia 1 p.m., CBS. 'Cotton Bowl (Clemson-Boston 000, 2 p.m. Sun Bowl (Catholic-Tempe 000, 3 p.m. Rose Bowl (Tennessee-Southern California) p.m., NBC (Blue) and MBS. 4 p.m., MBS. CROP DAMAGE SEEN AFTER FROST HERE Sunday May' Expect Continued Cold This Is What Aids U. S. Prosperity farf vegetables damaged an estimated 25 to 70 per cent from Saturday morning nips by frost, the Lower Rio Grande Valley looked forward to about correspondingly spotted frosts Sun- day morning, with temperatures rising somewhat during the day. Sunday's skies are to be generally fair, weathermen said, and Mon- day partly cloudy, with warmer weather. The lows of 30 degrees at McAllen, 34 at Harlingen and 37 at Brownsville were expected to be about the same again Sunday morn- ing. Warmer Monday Highs of 68 at Harlingen and 65 at Brownsville Saturday were to go into the low 70's Sunday, meteorolo- gists predicted. Temperatures Mon- day were to be somewhat higher than Sunday's. Damage to tomato crops from The bite of cold winds which swept many sections caused unusual Brownsville to Mission were exton- Happy Days Again! Shivering Shoppers Send Year-End Business To New High; 1940 Prospects Bright (See Bibson Forecast on Page 5) NEW shoppers and a mountain of industrial orders on hand enabled the.naticr.'s business this week to counter the usual bctwecn-holidays slump and turn in a better than fair year-end performance. W IIL1 Js Ite iifflrPiiii mffisinu. %y demand for heavy wearing apparel and stores which had settled down to a lull found themselves, in many cases, crowded with seekers after merchandise which had lain almost untouched on the shelves during HITLER WAR AIMS BARED mild weeks I Christmas. which preceded The extra sales washed over into I (ho wholesale markets, where store I buyers reordered warmer lines and looked about anxiously for goods sive, shippers and growers believed, though not as bad as at first ex- pected. Estimates of damage to to- matoes in the McAllen and Mission areas was as much as 50 per cent, while at Brownsville shippers said it might run to 70 per cent.-Poas were not thought damaged to such I an extent, being more hardy. These are part of the American-made trucks which were Jammed Into the foreign trade cone en Staten Island along with total of worth of materials for shipment (o England and France. AH available space on a five-pier area was filled and two more piers were wanted for the "free port." Read Babson's business forecast for America on page 5. DOPE TRIAL IN JANUARY suitable for January clearances. The I Around McAllen the spring to- surgc of trade just before the holi- mato crop was estimated hurt by day had dcpXoted many stocks. a. naa dcp.xotea many SIOCKS, i 0 Wipe UUt j counted upon fcr next month, and English Rule Adolt Hitler Sat- urday proclaimed a new war aim, prophesied that "thc Jewish capi- talistic world wilt not survive thc twentieth and expressed faith in a German war victory in as inventories had. been kept low, replacements were sought. Work Piles Up In factories, despite the Christmas the frost some 10 per cent About 25 per cent of the peppers and egg- plant were lost, estimates from shippers said. There was ice and frost in spotted low places the Valley Marihuana Case Hearing Set late of six Valleyitcs apprehended Thursday night in connection with the alleged smuggling of marihuana will likely- hinge uoon federal grand jury ac- New Year Finds Europe Gloomy With Two Wars 1939 Saw Death Of Four Small Nations; Fifth Is Battling For Life BODIES FOUND IN HARLINGEN ONSATORDAY Tragedy Occurs In Trailer House length of the Valley Saturday morn-1 tior> at Galveston early in January. By KIRKE L. SIMPSON' Associated Press Staff Writer A tragic peal of guns and bombs is ringing the old year out in Europe amid the death and destruction of a double war. Bui lor the ing, and ice formed on the tops shut down enough work was on of cars parked OVCrnight in the open hand to hold daily output at about j in somo Frost and ice about what it had been m the preceding ]ike Saturday.s were expected Sun- period although steel ingot produc- 1940, "the most decisive year German history." in j tion dropped sharply. In the meantime business looked His hitherto undeclared war aim was "prevention of a still injustice" ahead to 1D40, studying the opinions of scores of economists and hard ____ headed executives for a guide as iv h i ch how to plan for n year the future greater he said the west- ern powers plan- nod to substitute of hich appeared about as obscure, iiffcctcd as it was by two European wars and an election campaign at day again. Shippers and growers generally were of the opinion the Valley was lucky to escape heavier damage from the frost. j John Wiesohan, McAllen grower Cases of the Vslleyites probably 'will be submitted In the grand jury at United States district court con- i ve-ning January 8 there. U. S. Com- j missioner Carlos G, Watson said here Saturday. All the defendants have waived examining trials. Europe may be gloomy, with business and personal free- dom, lost through major wars, but the United States is cheerful, optimistic, and looks forward to a brighter, more prosperous 1940. See column two for news ot business improvement. Held In Jail Eugene and Leon Laney. appre- and shipper of vegetables, toured Bended near San Benilo, were said for the Versailles home, as any in some time. Peace Treaty im-1 Warnings Issued posed on while optimism was apparent in many at the end; many seats of the mighty, caution of the world war. sccmcd to divide honors as a kcy- the McAllen area (Continued south to near Pace 4, Column 4) Hitler, in a long New Year mes- sage to the Nazi party, emphasized that he insisted upon a military decision and inti- mated that he would accept no Finns on this last Saturday of compromise, the yeni1 realized with proud satis-! Admonishing the nation to bear faction that Russia's armies seemed i its war burdens, Hitler then said: much further away than they did i "We therefore have a clear and on the terrible opening day of i Precise war aim; Germany and be- note. In the statements of many public men was an almost unani- mous warning against the buildi 3 up of too heavy stocks of goods which might prove useless should the consumer "strike" or foresee a diminution of his purchasing power. the 30, They were puzzled, however, by j yond that Europe must be liberated from the oppression and constant numerous foreign reports thr.t for- which today as in the past fign volunteers' were arriving in originate in England But, he said, with "such soldiers, So' far. the Swedes have been the! Germany must win." only ones to come in noticeable numbers, although the first Nor- wegians are expected next week. FREIGHTER AGROUND PORT ARTUS, eral tugs left Saturday night to as- sist the Japanese freighter Kinugasa Maru. reported aground on Cala- casicu bar, east of Cameron, La. Closed Monday Valley Celebrates New Year's Day Gasoline Truck Explodes, Kills Man At Cameron HARLINGEN-Post office, crnl, county ancl city offices. fcd- and retail establishments over the Val- ley will be closed all day Monday CAMERON. Haw- kins, 35, was killed and seven other men were injured, two seriously, Saturday night when a gasoline truck exploded at a filling station here, Most seriously injured of the seven were W. W. Markham, 50. owner of the filling station, and in celebration of New Year's Dav, a Eddle 23. who were reported Saturday. near death. Apparently the exhaust No particular observances were Jrom thc truck slated publicly. Ir> other cities of! umcs' thc Valley all offices and stores were to close for thc day. but in Brownsville the general delivery window will be open from 10 to 11 a. m. for the benefit of tourists and others. Aside from dances and mldnignt previews at picture houses, celebra- tion of the first clay of 1940 was to be confined to individual parties. Japanese Withdraw Troops From Hong Kong Area Sunday HONG KONG (in After four months occupation of thc Chinese territory parall-lins; thc Honu Kong border. Japanese army forces competed Sunday a with- drawn! which was prompted, ac- cording to their official announce- ment, "out of friendliness toward Great Britain." Woman's Leg Broken When Hit By Auto BROWNSVILLE Mrs. L. R. Cantu, 69, Brownsville, was treat- ed for a broken right leg and arm at Mercy Hospital here Saturday night, after she was struck by a car on a downtown street. Except for the fractured bones, her condition was good, physicians said. Name of the driver of the auto which struck Mrs. Cantu was not revealed police, pending further nvestigation. Republicans Jolted By FDR's Invitation To Democrat Party WASHINGTON (IP) Republi- can congressional leaders received Saturday with some evident Roosevelt-ap- proved invitation to attend the annual Democratic Jackson Day dinner, More or less i.onplussed, none would say definitely what he would do, but all indicated that they feared the invitation was a sort of political trojan horse and would decline with thanks. Saturday afternoon to still be in Cameron county jail in default of bond each. They are charged with the unlawful purchase, trans- fer, and possession of 91 grains ol marihuana. The other four defendants are charged with the unlawful pur- chase, transfer, possession and sale of about 160 ounces of marihuana, and also conspiracy, it was said. They are: Joe Liles, city line- man; Paul Brctz, operator of a fill- ing station here: Luciano Hinojosa, (Continued on rage Column 7) hope that 1940 will see peace restored on much of the earth there would be little to lighten the gloom for civilization, surveying its handiwork in the year that is all but gone. In the dying year, four small nations, Albania, Czechoslovakia and Poland, vanished as independent states, engulfed by the soaring ambi- tions and ruthless force of their mighty neighbors. The year before Austria had gone the same way.-------------------------------------------- Their people pawns of dictators, no longer mast- ers of their own destiny. A fifth nation, Finland, is battl- ing frantically against fantastic odds to save herself from the same fate. Already three other near neighbors of Russia-on-thc-march, o j. TI i m Latvia, Esthonia and Lithuania, O-UOUIlty 1 0 have succumbed to Moscow press- j ure and been reduced to near pup-1 pet status. In 1939 than half the esti- inquest verdict of death from poison gas asphyxiation was returned here Saturday in the deaths of Mr. and Mrs. W. Jeff Saylors, 59 and 40, who were found in a trailer at 300 West Hansen street early Saturday morning. After examination, Drs. Paul Maxwell and J. C. Watkins said death came to the pair in the virtually air-tight room without struggle, from fumes coming from pan of burning charcoal and a kerosene lamp. Driver Finds Bodies Doctors estimated the Saviors had been dead an hour when their bodies discovered about m. by W. Robinson, McAllen. risham's ice cream truck driver making his daily call. Mrs. Saylors, formerly Delia Garcia, had been dead considerably longer. No funeral arrangements had seen completed. The bodies were at Stotler-Burdette Mortuary here. Saylors' sister. Mrs. Cleo Schaff, lendale. Calif., and n brother. Charles Saylors, Hillsboro, Tex., had >een notified. A nephew of Mrs. Saylors at Carbon Hill, Ala., was also informed of the tragedy. Dr. Paul Maxwell said he had 3een called to the trailer house Friday night to see Mrs. Saylors. vho suffered with a heavy cold, ie said a Mexican woman had >een there, and that Saturday morn- HR she had reported Mrs, Saylors ick but in good condition at p. m. Friday when she left. Other sources said Saylors had a weajc heart, and that this may have Con- tributed to his death. Charcoal Burned Chief of Police E. W. Anglin said Saylors was known to have pur- chased a sack of charcoal Friday night, and this had been burned in an open container in the light room. The lamp was still burning when Robinson, and Barney Smith, owner of the trailer house, opened the door 2nd discovered the bodies on the bed. Saylors had been an ice cream distributor Harlingen for some time, and Mrs. Saylors was cook at a private residence. TAX SEIZURE MEET URGED Manslaughter Charge j Faces Sect Members a hunch you'll have a hangover New Year's Day? Then, advises Boston City Hospital, stock your larder with a sup- ply of food rich in vita- min spinach, kidneys, tomatoes, beans, eggs. And eat regularly and heartily before setting out to make the Welkin ring. Edison Named Appointed Secretary Of Navy WASHINGTON President Roosevelt advanced Charles Edison to secretary of the navy Saturday, putting an end to speculation over the delayed choice for the cabinet post vacated by the death last July of Secretary Claude Swanson. Assistant secretary for more than three years, Edison had been acting head wof the navy department for months. mated world population of a little '.ore than two billions has been at That the cost in life or prop- erty has been in China, in Poland, LAWRENCEBURG, Seven members of u sect which frowns on medical aid for the sick still said Saturday their religion would be their defense at their approach- ing trial on charges of involuntary manslaughter growing out of the deaths of four children and a wom- an. Indicted by the county grand jury, the five men and two women arc accused of "wilfully and felon- iously" causing the death of five members of their families by de- clining to call in a doctor or pro- vide proper medical assistance. in Finland no man was great. knows; but it Only in trie sea-girt new world, remote from the bitter con- The appointment was announced unexpectedly at the White House after Mr. Roosevcit had summoned the acting navy secretary there for a conference. It will be submitted British Seek Repair In Montevideo Port Brit- ain Saturday night asked Uruguay to permit the cruiser Ajax to enter Montevideo harbor to repair dam- ages received in her mid-month battle with the German pocket bat- tleship Admiral Graf Spec. Study Problem by Ralph T. Agar, Cameron county tax assessor-collector, of a proposal to undertake summary sale of prop- erty for delinquent taxes turned the Cameron county commissioners' session Friday into a discussion of the county's tax and indebtedness problems in general. Mr. Agai- proposed use of sum- tn t. column 2) j mary procedure in lieu of the present court suits, to be ac- companied by intensive effort to sell the property to individuals rather than have it "bought in" by the taxing districts. Heretofore an enabling act to a 1932 constitutional amendment has been held necessary in order for summary sales to be adopted, Mr WASHINGTON The door j Agar contended, however, that a to possible deportation of Harry j recent supreme court decision has Bridges, Australian-born west coast indicated no enabling act is neces- CIO leader, appeared Saturday sary. night to have been closed by a trial No Action Taken Cold Is Blamed For Fatal Train Crash In Italy Saturday NAPLES A cold wave sweeping Italy was blamed Satur- day for the collision of a passenger train and a troop train which re- sulted in between 14 and 40 deaths, An official announcement said tliat 14 were killed end 40 injured in the wreck at the Torre Annun- zisla station, but rescue workers de- clared that about 40 bodies had been tskcn from the wreckage and that 150 persons were injured. Bridges Freed Examiner Rules He's No Communist formally to the senate for confirma-1 The request provided a new tion after congress convenes next j strain for this tiny country's sore- week. ]y tested neutrality. Reno Divorces Droi RENO Divoice suits filed in Reno during 1939 droped (o 2.- 231 compared to last ytar, county clerk Elwuod H. Beenrr said Saturday. The record is set in 1931. 3-Day 'New Year Party Launched America Bids SO's Goodbye With Wild and Happy Celebrations By The Associated Press Bidding farewell to the '30s, convivial Americans began a three day celebration of the New Year Saturday night. It promised to be one of the gayest festivals of the decade. The national round of recep- tions, parties and dances started 24 hours earlier than usual be- cause ol New Year's Eve falling on a Sunday night. In many com- munities, where laws restrict un- due merriment on the Sabbath, the principal celebration was held last night. The great metropolitan centers were planning to celebrate on the traditional night. New Yorkers may quench their-thirst at bars, and in the cabarets they will be permitted to drink until 5 a.m. prices were generally down, and reservations up. In Chicago police informed mer- rymakers their consciences would be their guides on the big night. Some of the nation's most fam- ous streets will be the scenes of mass celebrations Randolph street in Chicago, Times Square in New York, Broad Canal street in New Orleans, and San Fran- Cisco's Market street He backed his opinion with word examiners a "com! h< John T. Smith, munist buti former state official and now audi- there were in-1 tor of the Texas Tax Journal, con- dications th a t! sldercd an authority on tax laws. No action was taken by the court proposed summary sales Mr. Agar said Saturday he ex- pects Mr, Smith to be in Browns- on the method. for the session beginning next week has var- ied, but some were frankly incred u I o u-s BRIDGES that Dean James M. Landis of Harvard Law School, who sat as a special labor department examiner in the Bridges case, could have cleared him of any affiliation with the Communist party. It was accepted the Capitol as a foregone conclusion that Secretary Perkins would not reject the find- ings of the absence of some development indicating he had been misled during the lengthy hearings he conducted on the west coast. the d e c i s i on might have repercussi o n s in congress. The reaction o f legislators already ask representatives of taxing ville about January 8. and plans districts in the county, and in Hi- dalgo and Willacy counties as well, to meet for a discussion of the possi- (Continued nit Pure 4, Column 1) Traffic Toll Is Low Over This Weekend By The Associated Press An extraordinary record of safety marked the opening of the holiday weekend Saturday night. Only 31 violent deaths in 23 states were reported for the day, a quasi- festive time in many places, as comparsd wilh 122 in 33 stales dur- ing the same period of the com- parable Christmas weekend last week. Spanish Ship Said On Fire In Ocean CADIZ. Spanish gunboat Calvo Sotclo was ordered Saturday to proceed to the aid of the Spanish passenger liner Cabo San Antonio reported afire in the Atlantic. Thc liner, a vessel owned by Ybarra and Company of Seville, Spain, is due here January 2 from Argentina wilh .in unknown number of passengers and a cargo of freight. Refugees Flee Quake Victims Tell Of Terrors ANKARA. refugees from quake-torn Anatlia streamed into Ankara Saturday by thousands, stark tales of dis- aster wrought by earthshocks and cold. New violent shocks occurred for the fourth consecutive day, imped- ing rescuers but adding little dam- age to Wednesday's havoc in which officials reported at least were killed in Erzincan Province alone. Many who escaped to tile open, survivors said, were forced by the cold to seek shelter in what was left of ruined to be killed when further shocks crumb- ed the structures. Others who fled to the fields perished there in the bitter cold. OH, SHUCKS! night's communique of the Russian mill- ary headquarters of the Leningrad area said merely: "December 30, important occurred rent."
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