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Brownsville Herald, The (Newspaper) - January 7, 1944, Brownsville, Texas Remember NOW GOOD MEAT, CHEESE, Etc. Book 3 Brown stamps R S- PROCESSED Book 4 Green stamps D E F G H J- SUGAR stamp 29, Book 4. A-9. SPECIAL Book 4, Spare stamp 2, t points of pork. FINAL EDITION For Fifty Yeart a. Service Institution of and for the Valley FIFTY-SECOND YEAR No. 162 TEXAS, FRIDAY, JANUARY 7, 1944 EIGHT PAGES TODAY FIVE CENTS PER COPY REDS ARE NOW 10 MILES INSIDE POLAND 'Victory Year' Poll Taxes Lag All-Weather Victoria Road By End Of Year Is Forecast Gravelling To Start From San Fernando To Matamoros Next Week A number of important developments in the highway situation to the south or hero, particularly In regard to progress on construction of the Matamoros-Vlctorla highway, were announced at a meeting at the chamber of commerce here yesterday afternoon by Mariano Garcia Sola, representative of the state and federal highway departments of Mexico Jn charge of road construction In Tamaullpas. The developments are: The highway departments have cancelled out a sub-contract for building of culverts and other structures on the road from Matamoros to San Fernando because of delays, and arc now handling this work. Topping of the highway from Victoria north will be completed to Jimenez, distance of 60 miles, this month. Gravelling will be started next week from San Fernando north toward Matamoros, Rail Delays To End Delays caused by inability to get railroad equipment expected to case off within a month, and the number of cars bringing gravel and oil for the road from Rcynosa" to Matamoros will be Increased from two to twenty-five a. week In Feb- ruary. This will mean completion of the highway from Rcynosa to Matamor- os within four months, after which all the materials will be used in work on the highway from Mata- moros south. Mr. Sela said at the present time some of the gravel moving In to Blizzard Hits Amarillo Area, Halts Traffic Colder Weather Due In The Valley The blue norther which whistled into the Pnr.hnndlc today will be felt in the Valley late tonight and Saturday, the weather bureau said. Conside- rably colder weather is forecast for "the Valley, accompanied by j rain sand drizzles. Small craft warnings are located here. Cameron Sales Scant 1000 As Deadline Nears Phint Reward Up To Now T-HE reward being offered lor the apprehension and con- viction of the person or persons responsible for filing false- alarms today was upped to as the Sociedad Hidalgo, Latin- American civic organization here, Important V O t e Si added S10 to the S50 the Lions In 1944, And National Local Sales of 1944 poll tax for the first of the new year were lagging badly here, as the county tax as- sessor-collector office re- ported a scant 1000 poll sold. j "Sales so far have been very j E. B. Duarte, clerk under Ralph Agar in the assessor-collector office said this morning. Duarte said they would have to pick up con- siderably to keep pace with the number sold for the last election Club offered Wednesday. In the meantime. Police Chief Truett Jordan said the penalty for anyone caught sending false alarm was fine and six months imprisonment. "It is very hard to catch per- sons filing a false Jordan said, "but If it persists we will catch them if we have to.place an officer in the vicin- ity of every alarm box in the Reuters Says Yugoslav Invasion Launched, But Report Is Denied Garbage Problem Is Number One, New Chief Says Giddings Says System Inadequate, Urges Co-Operation Until Change Made (Sec Editorial, Page 4) In office but three days, Brownsville's new city man- ager, James A. Giddings, this morning pointed to .the local garbage disposal sys- ________ ______ tem as inadequate for a city martial law in Warsaw, Lublin, Radom, Jaroslaw and other Polish the size of Brownsville. j towns near the Soviet frontier" which the Soviets say lies generally 200 Nazis Say They May Have To Pull Out Of Russia Americans Capture Monte Maio In Italy; Jap Madang Base Is Menaced By RICHARD McMURRAY Associated Press War Editor Russian troops were reported striking deeper !nto old Poland today from captured Rakino, 10 miles within the pre-war frontier, and Increas- ing the menace to the Warsaw-Odessa railway in a plunge south toward Rumania from the Kiev bulge. A German military spokesman told Swedish correspondents that the N'azis might have to withdraw from all Russia before a Russian offensive which he asserted was in flame from Leningrad to the Black Sea, But along the front, the only German retreats were those forced by heavy Russian pressure. Tass, trfe Russian news agency, said the Germans "have proclaimed Until more and better equipment miles wes' can be made available for the gar- Mntamoros is being used on road south toward Victoria, the al AMAR1LLO The most crippling blizzard In 52 years roared Into the Panhadlc today, with, up- wards of ten Inches of snow and a 43-mile wind quickly blocking means of transportation, The tem- perature here skidded to 14 de- grees and the weather bureau re- ported it was headed for zero- level bv nightfall. A plr.nt making military arma- chanseovcr of oncoming forces to stay home. The weather bureau predicted the storm woi-d con- tinue at a severe level for at least 48 hours. A private wire to a gas pipe line (See WEATHER. Page Twoj ment halted a shifts, (.piling Its 26 Aviation Cadets Killed When Train And Collide KINGMAN. Ariz, (AP.) Twenty-six p.viaticn cadets were killed last night v.-hcn a Santa though rainy weather has handi- capped the work in addition to lack of materials. The Mexican highway engineer came to Brownsville in company with Ruben Martinez, Antonio dc Leon, and several other members of the Matamoros road committee. Also at the meeting were Mexican Consul Enrique -Valies'tercfi, U. S. Consul Nelson R. "Park of Mata- moros, and members of the Browns- ville Chamber of Commerce road committee, headed by Judge Bas- com Cox. All-Wcalhcr Road The general picture of the road situation given by Mr. Scla was encouraging, and he expressed the belief that the highway would be an all weather road by the end of this year, and probably sooner the solved. traffic situation be lldcd v.-ith a lius carrying 3G air- men stationed ;it the Kinsman army (ttmnery school here. DON PEDRO AND The Weather New Air Ace Is Feared Missing Maj. Boyington Had Just Set Record In 1942, poll tax were sold and exemptions were issued, making a total of In 1943, notable mainly for city elections in Brownsville and Harlingen, a total of exemptions and poll tax were disposed of. Brownsville and county voters were reminded recently of the nec- essity cf voting in 1044, It is a county, state and national elections year. Some national leaders have called this year the "victory year" (See POI2C TAX, Light Bill Record Set 102.4 Per Cent Collection Reported For Month In what is probably the highest utility collections rate in recent city history, James Skclton, city tax collector, today announced 102.4 per cent as the amount of water-light collections for Dccem- per cent came about. Rocket Ship V Perfected By Allies Revolutionary Design Used By Yanks Whole new vistas or rocket plane travel were opened today with the disclosure that a fighter plane using "jet propulsion" has been developed and pronounced a success. The new plane, visions of which awakened scientific re- search years ago, was announced OKANOGAN. Wash. By a tragic twist of fate, Maj. Gregory Boyington was reported missing in action only a few hours after this northern Washington farming community rejoiced at the news of his entry into the Marine Corps hall of fame by downing his 26th Japanese plane in combat over Rabaul. The 31-year-old former "Flying Tiger" joined Marine Maj. Joe Foss of Sioux Falls, South Dakota, and Capt. Eddie Ricker.backcr, of first World War fame, as co-holder of the 26-plane record of aerial "kills" for U. S. filers. He did it in a sweep over New Britain four days ago. His achievement was report- ed yesterday from Guadalcanal. Mother Still Hopeful But Greg (Pappy) Boyington did not come back from his triumph. To Mrs. E. J. Hallcnbeck, his mother, came the grim Navy De- partment telegram last nieht: "We regret to inform you The wire said details would be slow In arriving, but a letter would I follow. I The mother expressed .faith that I "Grogg" would come through 'safely, "I am confident he is all right (Sec BOYINGTON, Page 2.) "THE SQUIRT" of the new Brltish-Amer- I one of Ll the new British-American jet-propelled planes first flew over the outer London area in an experimental flight many people rushed for shel- ter, thinking tha a heavy bomb was screaming down. The mystery plane's arrival was heralded by a distant screech which grew in volume until it sounded like a giant whisHng kietlc. Then the rumble of its powerful en- gines was heard as the plane shot overhead. The people soon same to know it., however, as the flights became more frequent, and they finally dubbed it "the bcr. The 2.4 Skclton said, by the delinquent payments. Current bills for De- cember were paid up 100 per cent. Of '_the bills still outstanding, abouT is "safe" since it is owed by the U. S. Government: S600 is bclnj "installment and another Is more than taken care of by deposits, Skclton said. Skclton said it was still too ccrly to tell about the January collections, but added he was sure the people of Brownsville now "were acquainted with the new system of collecting current bills by the eighteenth of the month in which they become due. Baseball Czar's Kin Wins Wings In Valley CALLEN Keen Lancls, m grandson of Kencsaw Mountain Lar.dls, czar of or- ganised baseball, received his wings as fighter pilot today as Moore Field turned out its lar- gest graduating class. Col. Reid G. Lanclis of seda- lia, MO., Keen Landis father, addressed the class. bage disposal department, Gid- I dings is asking local people to co- I operate in keeping their garbage in containers. Preferably, he said. containers with lids. Old oil drums and bij cans make the best gar- bage containers, Giddings pointed out, and lids can be made of wood. In disposing of garbage that might attract flies and other in- sects, the city manager urged the people to carefully wrap such re- fuse in old newspapers or paper- bags before placing it in 'the con- tainers. The local health problem as a whole, he said, is one of the first "musts" on his list, and he plans to get work on this phase of city administration underway as soon as possible. He. cited, as one of his biggest problems the finding of a top notch sanitation officer. "the health of the city comes first, -only-In this way will we be able to build toward the other vital problems facing us." "We must clean he said, San Benito Airman Missing In Action SAN BENITO Frank Earl Cowart. a member ol the U .S. Army Air Force in the China area has been reported missing- in ac- tion. Cowart. who was with the Royal Canadian Air Force for two years before the United Slates entered the war, joined the U. S. Army Air Force a year aso. He in the India war theater un- of the 1939 line. Invasion Reports Arc 'Erroneous" Resumption Of Coast Shipping HingesOn Meet Valley Applicat i o rt Figures In Plans; Shippers Urged To; Aid Deal A dispatch from Allied headquarters in Algiers branded as "com- V cly erroneous" reports from Zagreb quoted by Reuters in a 'Steamship Corp. operations here, pictciy holm dispatch that several Allied divisions had landed in Yugoslavia. In that Balkan kingdom. Marshal Tito's Partisan army announced it had abandoned the six day fight at Benja Luka, headquarters. of the second German tank army, after killing 680 Germans, capturing 720 and wounding 700. American troops captured Monte Maio in central Italy but generally the new Fifth army drive upon Cassino along the Via Casilino to Rome made but minor" progress. An intense struggle continued for the village of San Vittorc, six miles from Cassino, and more than half of the hamlet was in American hands. British Mosquito bombers in considerable force attacked un- specified sections of western Ger- many without loss last night. They bombed northern France and mined German waters. It was their sixth successive night foray. Day- light attacks across the channel Capturing: Rakitno, the Rus- sians in less tlinn a year had driven tlic Germans 775 miles from Stalingrad. Significantly, the Russian com- munique called Rakitno "a dis- trict center of Rovno province" rather than a part of pre-war ______THE WAR TODAY _____ Poles May Get Part Of Germany Nazis May Have To Pay For Starting: War The prospects for early resumption of coastwise shipping through the Port of: Brownsville hinge on two hearings by the Interstate Commerce Commission, on. w T e x to resume according1 to reports to Gilbert Phileu of Brownsville, vice presi- dent of NewTex. By DE1VITT MACKENZIE Associated Press War Analyst "THE newspaper "Prefree Po- published in Moscow, calls for post-war expansion of Poland westward at the expense of Germany, and warns the Poles Poland. This was in line with the j that Russia won't give up the Polish territory which the So- viet occupied in JS39 when Hit- ler began his effort to conquer the world. The Moscow dispatch Russian contention that the actual Polish frontier is about 200 miles to the old Curzon line upon which Russia and Germany agreed in 1939 in the fourth parti- j tion of Poland. South-bound Russian The hearings arc to be held in. Dallas on February 10, and in Washington on February 29. Mr. Philen said he would contact; cancrs, fresh fruit shippers, VCRC- table shippers, and others in the Valley who nre vitally interested getting relief from present trans- portation difficulties through immc- d'ate wnvn- transportation, and en- list their aid in presenting the casa ol the ViJJcy t.o the ICC. Could Be Immediate Immediate resumption of coast- wise shipping from the Port of Brownsville if the decision by vhe ICC is favorable is considered pos- sible in view of the fact that cargo ships are to be delivered soon to NewTex. Ten new Liberty ships have been allocated by the War Shipping Ad- ministration to NewTex, and two of these, the Charles Goodnight and I the Charles J. Finger, are to ba j delivered in January. The company is ready and anxious to start shipping from Brownsville. j according to Capt, D. A. Moloncy. president or the line, who was in Brownsville earlier in the winter which ;looking into the situation here and reports this imaking plans for the future. NcwTcx plans to place great cm- water transportation on a normal basis, on through this port, cxpcct- dous development of commerce. half million Germans "THE LOWEST THING" lower Dnieper. WASHINGTON The un- A London dispatch of a husband in winter campaign in Russia said the had print such an article it it was disapproved by the Reci authori- ties. Daring Suggestion Fruit Price Delay Balking Valley Deal WESLACO Official action on the pending subsidy on the price of grapefruit for canning purposes was again delayed yestarday afternoon, reported James H. Eurch of Wcslaco after contacting Washington by "G of the announcement was for an indefinite time, he stated, but it is entirely possible that the announcement will be ncantime many canning plants in the Valley are operating now on hand. Some canners have indicated that they will EON PEDRO said another cold xv.is heading this way and said it would probably get very cold much colder than it has been In a month, "I don't mean Ice and snow." he said, "but men with Charro Day beards may find a little frost Jn them." Do you predict we asked. he said sharply. "Don't put words in my mouth. These men with frost In their beards imsht drive up to San Antonio, It WILL be frosty. Kcrc it Just be very ccld." THE OFFICIAL FORECAST TOR TKS LOWER BIO GRANDE TALLEY. Cloudy v.Mth occasional light fn'tns this nftcrr.oon nnd tonight. Snt- irelny ruin turnlns to drlz-le during Ihc afternoon nnct considerably cold- Ir. Ilgh temperature Thursday LOW temperature Thursday Jlch tides Friday. p.m. low tides Friday: p.m today tomorrow 0.19 jointly last night by the army air forces and the royal air force. It already has completed several hundred test flights without mishap, and quantity production will begin soon. Today's planes of orthodox design have about reached their speed limits, and jet propulsion (Sec ROCKET SHIP. Page 2.) made today. In the ro with stocks no1.. run what they have on hand, and it something definite does not come out of the subsidy program by that time, they will bo forced to close j Reports will be made by can- cknvn. Part of the fruit now being at the end of each month, run has been bought outright for giving the total number of tons prices up to or slightly fruit bought during the month, to men. Of the 300-325 enemy divisions, the Rus- sians engaged 257 including 50 from Nazi satellites. The tons of bombs cast on Germany's major Baltic port of Stettin Wednesday night left (See WAR, Page Two.) Tamaulipas Chief Due On Border per ton with the hope That the] and the average government will grant a sufficient paid growers. pries per ton Blood Plasma Pat Directly On Burns Seen As Major Cure Two navy doctors took a tip from mother'nature and developed n new surface treatment for burns which they said today is better than any of the "many methods In vogue during the past two The method involves applica- tion of a medicated solution of human blood plasma directly to the surface of the by providing another role in medicine for that blood deriv- ative. Plasma has been used and will continue to be used Intravenous- ly for the relief of "shock" due to burns and other wounds. In that plasma Is Inject- ed Into the veins to restore the volume of lost blood fluid. Commander Mclvin D, Abbott and Lieut. John R. Gopfcrt de- clared in the Naval Medical Bul- letin they had employed plasma in surface treatment after re- viewing these observations: Whenever the human body suffers burn, nature seeks to compensate for the damage by causing the body to give off main constituent of human plasma. Blisters arc formed, with the scrum inside thc.ii providing a protective covering for surviving tissue beneath and allowing It to regenerate. Even if the blisters arc broken, the serum spreads and covers the injured surface, ssrvins us a protective and soothing layer of insulation. Workings of the present subsidy plan, as is It now being considered by government agencies, was ex- plained as follows: From the reports of all can- ning plants In the Volley ter- ritory fin average price per ton paid will be computed and the difference between this and the S24.09 last year average will con- stitute the amount to be paid. Canners will be allowed enabling payments on fruit canned up to (See CITRUS, Page Two.) subsidy to warrant the payment I of this price. i Other operators have purchased fruit at prices averaging to S23 per ton, with the stipulation that whatever subsidy paid by the government will go to the grower. Many growers arc co-operating with "the hard pressed canners by sdllnc their crop under this plan, it was stated. The mythical figure of as ceiling price in connection with grapefruit for canning is entirely out' of place, according to Burch. The establishment of subsidy to bring the return from cannin; fruit up to this fisure would be a sustaining price, he said, and this is contrary to direct orders issued by Fred' N. VInson. of the Office of Economic Stabilization, to the War Foods Administration Commodity Credit Corpor- ation. The so-called subsidy, as It is now appears, is to be the differ- ence between the average price paid to the grower by canners and the average price of per ton paid during last season.. "Enabling Payment" This payment is not to be known as a subsidy but will be called an "enabling payment." As one can- ncr expressed it "to enable can- officers will remain ners to stay in business." I present capacities. Stein Is Elected Rotary President J. M, Stein has been elected president of the B r o w n svillc Rotary Club to fill out the uncx- pired 'term of A. H. Woolridge, who is now living in Corpus. Mr. Stein is a past president of the service club, having served a On Taxes, Prices term In 1936 and 37, and will "hold the office until the election of new oficers in July of this year. Rev. W. T. Shenvoocl will con- tinue as vice-president and other Governor Magdalene- Aguilar of the Mexican state of Tamaulipas will visit Matamoros January according t.o announc mcnt madej here yesterday afternoon by An-1 tenio dc Leon, the colector the state in the Matamoros area.' The Rovernor's trip to Mata-j moros Is part of a tour of the: state he is making to investigate complaints of the' high cost of; living, as well as to check into tax matters. A delegation from Brownsville, including members of the highway committc. will visit the governor in Matamoros and check with him on progress on the Matamoros- Victoria highway. They will also discuss plans for a proposed meeting on this high- way. tivc. Still, it strikes me that publication of this bold sugges- tion may help esse the tense Russo-Polish situation and so brighten the councils of the big America and Brit- ain. Such a solution of the Polish imbroglio isn't, of course, a brand new thought. A lot of folk have been wondering quietly why Ger- many shouldn't be made to foot the bill, since she has been the cause ol" the world's greatest ills during the past generation of turmoil. Speculation along this line, however, has been restrain- ed because of its inflammability. So far as my advices fro, there arc many people high in Allied circles who definitely would like to sec Germany split up into its component states after the war. 3Iy s'uess is that Russia, for one, would be contented with such a program. It isn't a far reach from this to "Prcfrcc Poland's" advocacy that some portion of the Reich go to Poland. After all, who weeps at the thought of Germany paying for some of her crimes? Unless Moscow unexpectedly (See WAR TODAY, Page 2.) Gambling Raid Is Made Friday Five local truck drivers today I had been dted to appear in Cor- Rape Is Charged In Valley Case Dallas Driver Held For Willacy RAYMONDVILLE Charged with statutory rape In connection with the alleged taking of a 16- year-old Raymondvillc girl to Aus- tin Wednesday. H. C. Newman, truck driver for a Dallas concern, win face the grand jury here Monday morn- ing. Charges were Tiled by the girl's, parents this morning in Justice of the Peace B. H. Ottingcr's Deputy Sheriff D. W. Good phoned the Dallas police who picked tip Newman, the report states, and re- leased him on his posting of bond. He is scheduled to return to Ray- mcndvillc to face charges before the Willacy grand jury Monday. The girl stated to officers that Newman was to take her home when she finished work Wednesday but instead he started up the high- way and took her to Austin, it was reported. She returned to Raymondville alone, on the bus, last night. Iporstion I charges Court here of gambline VERSER IS NAMED THEATER MANAGER j sakl this afternoon, i FOR HARLINGEN I The five men were apprehended j Vcrscr, na- tive son of Harlingen. who has been with Interstate Theatres for many years, been named manager of the Riaito ai.d Strand theatres here by Ian Biay, district mana- Christmas Season 'Officially' Here When Holiday Lights Removed Christmas season "officially" ended in Brownsville this morn- ing, as city utility department workmen were busy removing the "Holiday Lights" from the Lcvcc, and Washington street; to answer downlolvn sectjon. with dice. ger. C. C. Short of Houston will replace Verser as maintenance Cliff Holloman. former manager of the two theatres, has resigned Streets. According to patrolman Douglas Sadler's report the five men in- volved were Guadalupc Trcvino, Jose Salinas, Eleno Vasquez, Jose Flores. and Luis Hinojosa. Between them the men had a S100, although this entire amount was not in- volved in the came. The arrest was made at this afternoon. in to nccept a position'with the Cur-I The men, Sadler said, were "shoot- 'tis Candy Co. ling Today's Smile CALT LAKE CITY there would be "a. slight de- lay" before she should be grant- ed extra gasoline ration coupons to so to a maternity hospital, an undaunted applicant threatened to "have my "baby right here." Procedure was .speeded up. and the woman ing m. handful of
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