Brownsville Herald, October 17, 1911, Page 5

Brownsville Herald

October 17, 1911

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Issue date: Tuesday, October 17, 1911

Pages available: 12

Previous edition: Monday, October 16, 1911

Next edition: Wednesday, October 18, 1911

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Publication name: Brownsville Herald

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All text in the Brownsville Herald October 17, 1911, Page 5.

Brownsville Herald (Newspaper) - October 17, 1911, Brownsville, Texas DRAIXAOJ3 IXVKSTICVTtOVS Tho Drainage Problem of the Lower Itio Grande Valley years ago there wns ii tiated in the Officeou Exerlment Stations of the U S Department of Agriculture as Trri and Drainage investigations Later separated into the dif ferent branches of Irrigations In vestigations asd Drainage Investiga tions The division of Diainage Investi gations was at to work in the irrigated lands of the west but was soon extended to Include the drainage of agricultural Innds in the sections The drainage of irrigated Innds differs very materially from that of lauds tuade too wet by excessive rainfall This difference is due chief ly to the different soil and substrata conditions and take thiedifferent con ditions and movements of the ground water The soil of humid sections has had the excessive salts or alka li washed out by ages of abundant rainfall while in the arid sections these salts are still present not al ways concentrated on the surface more or less distributed throughout thesol and subsoil and are easily diisrplved by the ground water ins from excessive irrtóation or seepage from irriga s canals and laterals Hence in the humid sec tions it is necessary only to lorer the water table below the of the plant roots which ÍH 2 to 4 fet vhifo In the irrigated arid regions susceptible to alkali the vater Uile must bo lowered to a sufficient dsfth generally 1 to 6 icot depending on soil texture and other so that moisture due to cipillary at traction will not reach the surface of the ground there to evaporate leaving the alkali deposited Alsu since so much of the ground water in irrigated districts due toseep age and generally has more of a lat eral movement trrough the imper vious firata than in humid sections it is generally possible to intercept this lateral movement by intercept ing drains The Lower Rio Grtnde Valley pro perly belongs to the semiarid class average annualrainfallhere is I about 28 inchera onough for most iif properly distributed and con served but we have drouthy periods and wet periods on account of the former irrigati pd for the past I seeped and I asd on account of the latter resacas and lagoons are filled withwater demonstration From past observations and exper iences a few facts havebeen learn1 ed which are of value tó tne f aiN rner5 and owners of Iand in this val ley resacas andlagoons in thjs part of the val toy should be draimid or at leas the water In them should be lowered to a sae depth so that seepage ícn them willcot adjoinin yfc tt irrigating wo UtUe cultivating the clay soil become too wet This office Drainage JrvestiKa tions of the U S Department of Agriculture is endeavoring to assist the farmers of this section in solv ing the drainageproblem due to the described conditions U is our purpose to apply underlying principles of drainage based on past experiences elsewhere under condi tions similar to those met hero and also to make a thorough study of the peculiar local conditions affect ing drainage with the view to ad vising the fawner and advancingfur ther the science and art of farm It is not our purpose to take the place of the private engineer In drainage engineering but rather to inaugrate drainage work by means careiful examinations and experi ments The investigations surveys and installations of drainage sys 1 terns on any particular farm are in tended to benefit not only the owner I but his neighbor as well by way of natural or artificial Therelief is only temporary and the effects j wiill reappear worse than befora be sldies one is api to injure his neigh bors Hand in in isway if it lilippens to be situated on relatively lower ground than his own Open ditches are net very S2itis factory for subdraimage Tlhey ars troublesome to maintain on account of weeds and especially in this locality on account f the santfy and silty substrata which cause caveins They are also in the way of farm op eraitions and take up a lot of valu able spare Whcne used they should be given side slopes of at least 1 tol in clay and to 1 In tiie looser soils tile have proven the most sat isfcitory ifor subdrainage They should be hard burned for use in alkali soils square on tiie ends smooth on the inside and free from large cracksThe farmers it tihis are fortunate in being able now ito obtain clay tile manu factured in reasonable prioes Smail have ecn foundti ha unsatisfactorylincier oondiitions Islmilar to those raet here Nothing thai 4inflh for branches and Ginciifor rcaiivs Shouldbe usedand undpr certain conlimons larger sizes these are required The dry saason generally lasting from June to October isthe oest time to lay tileonaccount of Che low eltage ofBhe ground waiter dur ing What period amo raatlTod for planning drain ago sysltems could be followed for lthe diiferent condttions asto itopo graplily soil etc On the low lying 1ands vbere whe natural surface is vtery slighlt and the soil is a heavy clay it seems tihiata parallel systems of drains1 uultormly spaced and running in the direction ot the steepest slope is the best Especially Is this thought tobe the case Binare an entire farm has been injured by waterlogging cr alkali due to the ex cessive of rice suchas Ivas beenthe case in ithis section in a tew instances However where the waterlogging cr alkali pTViar in spots the best pu seems to be to locate itbe dnains so asraj relieve or intercept this affected spots irrespee tive of regularity in spacliig etc An j intercepting drain properly located near the pper edge of an affeered spot will often reclaimseveralacres of land and prevent thespredalng to several acres Especially is case wherea porous layer such as sand bearing soapage water Is un derlaMby an impervious 1ayerofclay or oilier material Onrclatively steep slopes the drains may lie ipliaced wLtih the slope to good ad vantage instead of in Che direction of cue steepest slope 1 There are a few points on drain age concerning which it may be pos sible to secure more reliabledata 5 n Maxwell Special SGLp F its a Maxwell the official registration in New will York under the Callan law wi gve you some idea The Callan law requires motorists to register old as well as new cars each year The records shew 768 Maxwells registered in 1905 made in that year 702 of these 768 registered again this year Thus 91 of all the Maxwells sold in New York State in 1905 are still in sendee after five years It is fair to assume that of the 66 cars many have been sold and are used in neighboring states A low estimate of the mileage attained would be 10 000 miles a year 50000 miles per car aggregating WHAT does this prove It proves that a moderatepriced car Builífíhe Maxwell is durable and lasting and just as serviceable as a priced excess in price in costlier cars is for nonessential luxuries of equipment These official figures prove beyond doubt the superiority of the Maxwell demonstrate that it is the most durable economical and reliable moderate priced car built Let us tell you more about Maxwell cars Their performance and the companys inspection service We will gladly wait upon you to tell you more or to demonstrate the car This service involves no obligation Our catalog and How to Judge an Automobile will aid you in making your motorcar investment Write for them today A postal will do Just say Mail Books ft BURT E HÍNKSEY BROWNSVILLE TEXAS have A ífew1 of these7 are as follows linequestion is frequently Howfar aparlt should drainsbe placed As menti3ined abovc con diitions frequently uni formity is not desirable Where itis Itowevier iths distance apart depends chiefly on the soil texture being more for sandy soils for iheavy clay soils Thepresence of so much fine sand undeground in tihis seotion aud ex psmience wltih drainage systems al ready installed suffgosts it will be advisableto oover ilw joints oí tila with clay straw paper some otlher suitable material where laid sand and to place sand boxes at injumotions bonds and places wfterethegrade changes from a steeiperlto a ligMer Also Judging from the results of a íew experj orients it is practicable t flush bhe sediinenlt out of tile with irrigation iturjied into die tile at the up per end maXing provision against wlashins the dirt in believed where adeciuute subdracnage is provided flooding the lamd and wasihing out itihe alkali will very igreatly haiten the rsclamiaition It is also suggested that thorough and ifrequent surface cultixratiion such as is used in dry iairmIng methods lie used in wiiih dratnage j Thlsreduces Ithe from vbe sunface cf the ground and tlhe ccTisequenit collection of alkali Also there are certain crops wihlcih are more reslstant to alkali condi tions than cithers It is suggested tlhat ithe farmers esporimen along itJhis iine and consult with one anoth er as exipcTiences Farmers Bul letiin 146 The choice of crops for Alkali band cciitaina eonve valuable iiinis Copies may be ihad by writing the Obiiaf ot Divisionof Publications U S Deijartmanlt of Agiiicultura C On account of inadequate gravity outlets a few havie tried pumping drainage water with windnrllls whioh it seems will be succosstul deep enaugii are provided ana the windmills kept in repair and good running order so as to keep bhe wa ter pumiped out ibelow the dnainage outlet It is desiredto secure the cooper ation of uhe larmiers and otbers in i ircrested in working out the drainage problem as applied specially to this section cf the country We would be glad to got opinions and experiences ivom any alons CUcse lines botili as tosuccbsses and failures in order ithaif such opinions and experiencss on to otherswhcm jtheymay toiwiflt Thii efiorts to secure dniirage dis trWisiii the Lower Rru Graiiide Val ley is indeed commendable Thcse ef forts should be continued and the work rushed as much as possible until proiposed districts are es i taiblishcdTIUUfe a itiatter in which jthe husiiiess men of Eiownsville and cJjher Itowns cf the valley should be interested since Ulne growtJi ofthe ciy is depenilent to a great extent iipon lihe developnienlt of itlic sur iounding country Thc thul surveyed uhoJtcrriLoriesot the ed have the drainage oí same entirely feasible andthe factthat drainage has re claimed lands under similar condi tions in otihor parts of the country should stimulate a faiith in lhe secur ity of investment in the bonds for said districts The writer wishes to Ue farmers of theLower Kio Cnande Valley idiait Lhi alkali and 1 ratfnase problems arc noL so grave as Lucy seem to some It is urged that no one sue u ld sacrifice his farm and home ait a ccniparritiively low considera tion The epoch through which we now passing has been cr is being passcc by almost every lie wily irri snled secition of the west The sail of this locality being fcnmed largely by alIt deposits from overflow waters of liihe Rio Grinde is extremely fer tile Generally an alkali cortains not only the alkali but is laden well with abundant plant ioC1 Tiie conditions favorable totlie one are favorauic ais to the oitliei Is n apparamt reason why lev years ihcnce tho Rio Grande Vaiiey should licit be onof the most produ tive irosperus valleys of the Unlit ed States In The Prompt Procurance of Accident HealthLi ability Automobile Burglary and Plate Glass Insurance Fire Insurance Lies ths Secnrance of The Endurance Of The Home FOR if Destroyed The Means Employed Means Its Reconstruc don From Pit to Dome F L LA S Agent KOOV1 2021 Vivler Buildlns HINKLEY BATZ Automobiles and Gas REPAIRS STORAGE SUPPLIES PHONE 300 I WITH HINKLEV IÍATZ Repairs Automobiles Gasolina Engines all Kinds o machinery Centr1 iugal Pumps and Gasoline ingines ior gaie Best Equipped Automobile Shop in the Valley The San Antonio Ilockport ami Mexican Raiihray Company has been chartered to build a railroad be tween San Antonio ami the Mexican border wiiilv a branch extending some point on the line to Har bcir Island on ohe gulf coast The road will atotal length of and will extend through the of Bcxar Atascosa McMul len Live Oak Bee San Patricio Re fugio Aransas Duvai Brooks Starr and Hidalgo A prcdiamatLon has been issued by the governor a good roads congress to be at Dallas October 26A permanentorganixation wih be formed 1 The longest span of telegraph wlre in the United States is acrcsss a Pennsylvania rlver having a length of ufiOO feet between the supportins masts A recent outbreak of diphtheria in an English itown was traced di rectly to the habit of school children wettingtheir lead pencils in irhair I months New Macey Book Cabinet Radiates Taste and Beauty in My Home fn furniture ir as painting and music tiiero were Rreat rnisLers Paintins had its Michael itj Chippendale Lilciature lod its Shakespeare furnilure its Fro Junípero Music liad its its Slicroton Chbpendaln ivlio lived in the I7tn century desigried fur niture of such beauty nnd exquisite taste that the whole world ha3 copied it for three centuries Fra Junípero a great nature bold and originated tlic cleancut artsandcrafts furniture He loved honest strength rmd made his furniture sliow its solid joints and honest workmanship Sheraton on contrary had a nature full of symmetry balance harmony He could not tell us about it on canvas or on paper He could tell us oí his fine sensitive personality only by shaping it ir mahogany Therefore when you have Sheraton Chippendale or Arts andCrafts furniture in your home you have furniture that is constantly telling you taste and beauty It is almost the same us associating with the great themselves Thats why we cay To set before your children a Mocey Book Cabinet of old master design is to set before an example of such Rood taste that they will feel its rcnnmg mtiu ciice throughout all the days of their lives Macey Book Cabinets are sectional but they are the only sectional bookcases that can be added to upwards or sideways nnd still look not like sectional bookcases but like heirloom furniture If you really to put into your home a piece of fur niture that will always radiate beauty and refining influence examine a Macey Old Master Book Cabinet today Brownsville Texas SECTIONAL ;

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