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Big Spring Daily Herald (Newspaper) - May 7, 1951, Big Spring, Texas Partly Cloudy VOL 23 NO 276 BIG SPRING DAILY HERALD Todays News TODAY PRICE 5 CENTS BIG SPRING TEXAS MONDAY MAY 7 1951 AP WIRE SERVICE TEN PAGES TODAY Marshall Says Mac Plan Would Risk AllOut War DE LUXE SERVICE FOR WAR HEROES An unidentified military policeman totes a set of golf clubs for a veteran home from Korea as other rotation troops carry barracks bags on their arrival in Seattle Twin mysteries are what the fighting man found to do with the clubs in Korea and how the MP could be talked into such unusual service AP Commercial Rent Controls Go Overboard For Present WASHINGTON May 7 tf Benate Banking Committee today threw overboard for the present at uk V 1 11 U LI 1 JLl g TT4LCZI LUCJT HC SCC least President Trumans proposal no necessity for meat rationing to impose rent controls on stores But he declared the ten per cent office space and other commercial rollback in cattle prices necessary property As the committee began 20 days of hearings on Mr Trumans re quest for a twoyear extension and revision of the Defense Production Act Chairman Maybank announc ed the committees finding reached at a closed session There will be no testimony on commercial rents because there has not been sufficient study of the question Maybank said Written briefs will be received however and the question will be left to the end of the hearing if it is taken up at all Maybank also declared his per sonal opposition to the beef price rollback announced by the Office of Price Stabilization and declared be was against tampering in any way with the parity provisions which govern ceilings on food The effect of the beef order will be to cut back production thus defeating the primary purpose of the Defense Production Act May bank said Defense Mobilizer Charles E Wil ton was called as the committees first witness The present law which includes wageprice control expires June 30 The record clearly indicates that the public through its demand and ability to pay has been re sponsible for the current price of beef Maybank said The chairman said the rollback will be unfair to livestock feeders on the basis of current feed costs and will work hardship on slaught erers and distributors even to the point of severe monetary loss It will bring chaos In meat distribution Maybank predicted I will have as my primary ob jective uninterrupted production of meat and removal of any regula tion which tends to interfere with the equitable operation of our sys tem of distribution he said About the time of Maybanks Austria To Settle Presidency In A RunOff Election VIENNA Austria May 7 IT Austrias presidency a post o much dignity but little politica power will be settled in a run off election within the next 35 days The candidates will be Dr Heitv rich Gleissner 5S a Conservative strongly Cntholic Peoples Party and Dr Theodore Koerner 78 bearded Socialist Lord Mayor o Vienna Gleissner was high man with Koerner second of six candidate rn Sundays presidential election Communists polled only 51 pG cent 220012 the almos 4300000 ballots cast THE WEATHER CLOUDY BIO SPHIXQ AND VICINITY Partly cloudy this afternoon torlpht and Tuesday tool afternoon find tonight Warmer Tuesday RlKh today 65 lo lanlRht 54 hlgti I morrow 80 HlBhcst tempera turn ihls date 101 i 1P16 Invest tjkt 12 In leil miixlmun ralnrull this date 10 n 1023 tatement Price Stabilizer Michael DiSallesaid that conditions what they are he sees o preserve the entire stabiliza ion program DiSalle testified before the House Agriculture Committee at a hur called meeting resulting rrom his order to roll frack live stock prices Chairman Cooley DNC said The way to bringprices down is more abundant production beef DiSalle rejoined that there is nothing in his order which would prevent full livestock production Rep Hill RColo declared If you think you are going to get more beef by this price rollback you are just going at it back wards Rep Poage DTex asked DI Sall How could the price of beef too high if it has enabled more people to eat more beef than ever beforej 1 If let meat prices go un controlled and allow meat to go to those only able to bid for it then See RENT Pg 2 Col 200 Said Dead As Quake Hits San Salvador Sunday Destruction Hits Two Towns In Central America SAN SALVADOR El Salva dor May 7 At least 200 persons were reported killed in an earthquake Sun day in the cities of Jucuapa and Chinameca Jucuapa is about 90 miles and Chinameca about 92 miles east of this capital Jucuapa has a popula tion of about 12000 and Cbinameca of about 17000 The strong quakes which bega at 5 pm Sunday destroyed man homes and public buildings Man persons were said to have bee buried in ruins The exact numbe of dead is not yet known bu authorities estimate about 200 ar buried in the debris Nearby towns Nueva Guadalupe Santiago de Maria Usulutan an Caserios east of the Lempa River also suffered great damage j The Red Cross dispatched docj tors to the scene and public works j ministry workmen started clearing j blocked roads All the towns are situated in the neighborhood of San Miguel vol cano but it did not quake was attributed to under ground activity of the volcano however Admits Discussing A Naval Blockade WASHINGTON May 7 Secretary of Defense Mar shall contended to Senators today that Gen MacArthurs Ko rean war proposals would risk an allout war with the Soviet Union But under questioning from Senator Russell DGa Mar shall said this country is now discussing with other nations one of the deposed Far Eastern commanders recommenda turns a naval blockade of Red China He UP a Potion for ALLIES TAKE INITIATIVE Black arrows on the map locate areas along the Korean front where United Nations forces have taken the initia tive against the Reds The Communists were withdrawing on two fronts They pulled back in considerable numbers on the central front Allied tanks in the west went 11 miles north of Seoul into the highway junction of Uiiong bu against little resistance On the east front U N ele ments attacked a Red unit east of Inje AP Wirephoto Far also said 1The Truman administra tions unwavering policy is to deny Nationalistheld Formosa to the Chinese Communists and to oppose seating of the Reds in the United Nations 2 A Jan 12 memorandum of the Joint Chiefs of Staff which Mac Arthur contended supported his proposals for fighting the Korean war by direct action against Com munist China was drafted for use If American troops had to with draw from Korea 3 The memorandum was dis carded when it became apparent that American troops had turned the tide of battle 4 The memorandum contained IS courses of recommended action only four of which were quoted v quoted DY MacArthur In his testimony last week to senators inquiring into hit dismissal Far Eastern com mander and policy dispute Involved 5 MacArthur was fired because of basic differences of Judgment not only with the President but the Chiefs of Staff and Marshall him u a closed w in i combed testimony made public later Marshall said MacAr an allout British Red Guards Stand In Stolid And Silent Cooperation By STANLEY RICH HONG KONG May 7 long Kongs 17mile border with Red China British police and Chi nese Communist soldiers stand guard face to face in stolid silent cooperation For the past year Britain has been building a defensive network against the day when this silent cooperation might erupt into roar ing hostility Today there are three jet air fields where last year there were only rice paddies Exclusive Fan Ling goH course sparkles with the sheen of newlybuilt gun emplace ments Holes dug for other guns pockmark the landscape Tan new roads have been built More are under construction Frank H King of Dallas a gen Russia Asks Meeting On Jap Treaty MOSCOW May 7 Lfl The So viet Union today proposed a meet ing of Foreign Ministers of the USSR the United States France Britain and Red China in June or July to begin preparing a Japa nese peace treaty Deputy Foreign Minister Alex ander E Bogomolov handed to U S Ambassador Alan G Kirk a memorandum containing Soviet Remarks on the matter of the United States draft peace treaty with Japan jeral executive of The Associated Press and I toured the eastern half of the border today With Chief Inspector Roderick MacKenzie we visited three check points through which Chinese farm ers traders and potential trouble makers may enter or leave this British Crown Colony At Lowu passengers of the train from Canton must get off and walk to the middle of a 30yard wooden bridge to show travelpermits and pass through customs Officially Hong Kong authorities are negotiating to do away with this Unofficially theyre not too displeased Its easier for them to screen possible troublemakers On the middle of the bridge to day stood three Chinese Commu nist soldiers One appeared to be no more than 14 Above them was ral or sergeant in charge Every thing that moves is marked down in their book Driving toward Shataukok we saw a shining steel fence topped with barbed wire Took us six months fo build said MacKenzie It covers the whole border except for one mile The fence and immigration re strictions have cut traffic across the border from 10000 a day last August to 1000 a day now Just before we reached Shatau fcok we passed two Communist sol diers standding on a mound 10 feet to our left If King had put his hand out the car window he could have said hed been in Red Chi na Shataukok is the Texarkana of the Far East The border runs UN On Red Hunt As Roks GoOver Parallel THE PROPOSED NEW COURTHOUSE Police Rioters Shoot It Out In Panama Uproar PANAMA May 7 leaders shot it out with plainclothes secret police on Panama Citys Main Avenue Sunday night and the government of President Arnulfo Arias charged a vast subversive plan was under way National Assembly Deputy Jorge Illueca fiery leader of the opposi tion Patriotic Youth Front was wounded and escaped to the U S controllcd Panama Canal Zone a block away His condition was said to be not serious A plain clothcsman also was wounded Another opposition depu ty was reported under arrest and a Uurd reportedly led n archway with pictures of an unmarked stone in me airm lied command miling Stalin on the left and of the street shows Red propa miling Mao Tzetung on the Kong ends and Red broadcast En route to the next point nile east we saw a strange lookng building high on a the way back King remarked that the rolling green capture 1900 planes de Observation post said him of ground Cenzie All concrete Weve Inspector MacKenzie a bid our of them now and are of Kore nore Each post has seven all it wants is a acivan rith a Chinese Nationalist who h By OLEN CLEMENTS TOKYO May 7 ffl South Ko rean infantrymen pushed the ends of the battle line northward today Other UN forces took up the slack in between while armored patrols probed for withdrawing Reds South Koreans pressed across the 38th parallel toward Redheld Inje in the east Other republican troops moved the western anchor of the Korea fighting line further northwest of Seoul A tank infantry column rum bled through Chunchon on the East Central front Monday and a mile beyond without meeting opposition Other armored groups fanned out all along the center They found no Reds Communists sniped on tank ex peditions in the west Monday A U S Eighth Army communique said Reds reportedly fired rockets at tanks east of Uijongbu American jets left their rockets behind for a mass bomb attack on Red troop supply and transport centers north of the Communist capital of Pyongyang Thirtyfive Shooting Stars made bomb raids in three waves on railway yards in the Sunchon area The Pyongyang radio claimed six UN planes were shot down and five airmen captured The Al irrtand does not comment propaganda claims The se as 65000 their troops made a against North Ko had been told there would be no big offensive because The war is about over U N intelligence officers attributed this statement to Communist officer They did not make clear wheth er the officer had been taken pris oner or whether the report came Trom other captured Reds UN spokesmen offered no interpreta ion of the significance of the state ment Presumably the Red officer meant the war had again reached a stalemate that neither side would win and therefore neither would open an allout offensive Intelligence reports said the same officer reported Allied war planes blocked Red efforts to get See KOREA Pg UNDER ATLANTIC PACT tanks from Manchuria to support the now halted Communist spring offensive Red transports kept rolling south despite the constant air punish ment More than 3700 trucks were spotted Sunday Far Eastern Air Forces called ft an all out Com munist effort to resupply and re equip thei rdivisions along the bat tle line U N tank patrols probed through nomans land trying to find the elusive Red divisions The equally elusive Communist air force tried out night fighting jets presumed to be a new type U S Troops Arrive To Defend Iceland REYKJAVIK Iceland May 7 tfl contingent of American troops arrived by air today for the an nounced purpose of aiding lceandps defense under the North Atlantic Alliance In Washington Defense officials said the initial detachment consist ed of about 200 men under the command of Brig Gen Edward John McGaw of Philadelphia In European capitals the opin ion was expressed that it was only a small contingent of American troops probably technicians for She County Bond Indebtedness Is Listed Among 12 Lowest Counties In The State This is the second of a series of articles appearing this week to give information on tht proposition ofa new cou mouse for Howard county This proposition will be decided at the polls on Saturday May 12 Editors Notel Comparative figures show that Howard County wilt approach its affect their overall lax bill Slmilhon courthouse election in excellent financial condition Total bonded indebtedness of the county as it appeared on pre liminary financial surveys before the election was called is only S75 000 Bonding firms said that put Howard county among the 12 lowest comities in the state Moreover the total here will be reduced to S60000 on Mav 15 date for the 1951 instailment on the 1945 Series road bonds A check for that payment already has been submitted The 1945 road bonds will be retired in 1955 which means that all present bonded indebtedness will be liquidated at that lime H also means that sevencents per valuation now being assessed to meet that obligation will be deleted from the county tax requirements As for the tax rate itself Howard county could issue its million dollars in courthouse bonds and still be ranked among Texas counties with relatively low tax rates The courthouse bond issue could not under any circumstances raise taxes more than 17 cents per 5100 valuation That would be the maximum amount permitted by stnic law which limits the permanent improvement fund to a levv of 25 cents per S100 valuation A levy of eight cents is now being asspssod for that fund which would leave room for an increase of not more than 17 cents total county tax levy for 19JO vis 77 per S100 valuation during year Thai could litincreased o a maximum of 91 per S100 valuation if the courthouse bonds are approved At the same time county tax payers could look ahead to 1955 when the 1945 road bonds will be re tired and foresee a sevencent reduction from that source which will ct their overall lax bill Other counties in Texas have lax rates ranging from S280 per S100 in Duval county lo only 45 cents per StOO valuation in Fayetfe county WHh a present rate of 77 cents Howard county apparently is well below the average and il probably would coontimic at about average in the state if the courthouse bonds are issued and the tax rate goes to 04 cents Tax rates for some other West Texas counties show Ector county with a rate Fisher county S150 Midland county 95 cents Haskcll county SI05 tl Paso SI05 Scurry county 85 cents SO cents Coke county 93 cents Tom Green 80 cents 50 cents and Lubbock county 72 cents All counties in that list whose tax rates are lower than those of Howard county have considerably higher valuations than Howard county Valuations here BIT S24670iS8 on the present roll County com missioners have declared Hint they have no intention of changingvalua tion schedules if Ihr bond issue is approved because it will not be necessary lo retirethe bonds The overall valuation total is certain lo increase sniiie of course because of building oil development and most part sent to survey possible air bases in the Northern Atlantic outpost of Western defenses The arrival of the troops appar ently was no surprise to the peo ple of this oM island republic since it was generally known that negotiations had been under way for some time Ivevertheless the announcement of the arrival was published in extra editions of Reyk javiks newspapers The government statement said only When Iceland joined the Atlan tic Pact it agreed that if war broke out the Allies would have a similar position in Iceland to tha they had during the last war Bu it was entirely up to Icelanders to say when such a position wouH be granted During World War II Iceland wa major assembly point for convoy Members of parliaments demo cratic parties were consulted the government said and it was agreed that now was the time to ask for defense forces This island with an area of 39753 square miles and a population of only 140000 has no army navy coast guard or air force of its own French Returns From Scott Field William A French Jr has re turned from a visit to Scott Field 111 where he consulted with A Force officials on plans for unit at the air base French said that the Big Spring Associated Architects and Engi neers are working on six units o the project and expect to havt plnns completed in the near future The plans will be submitted to th Army Corps of Engineers at Fort Worth for approval losing our allies and wrecking the coalition of free throughout the world Marshall said MacArthur would have us on our own initiative car ry the conflict beyond Korea against the mainland of CVnmu nlst China both from the sea and from the air He would tu accept the risk of involvement not only In an extension of the war with Red Chi na but in an allout war with Soviet Union the tary said adding MacArtaur would hare as do this even though the effect of such action might expose Western Europe to attack by the millions f Soviet troops poised in Middle nd Eastern Europe Marshall at the outset of fate said he deplored a called the necessity ng in contradiction to brother irmy officer Then in later discussion of Mae rthur he said it is completely nderstandable and in fact at Imes commendable that a theater ommander should become so whoi y wrapped up in his own aims nd responsibilities that some of he directives received by him rom higher authorities are not hose that he would have written or himself The defense secretary continued There is nothing new about this ort of thing in our military his ory What is now and what has brought about the necessity for leneral MacArthurs removal is he wholly unprecedented situation jf a local commander publicly ex pressing his displeasure at and his disagreement with the foreign and military policy of the United States MacArthur when before the committees last week had brought out the Jan 12 recommendations to back up his contention that the Joint Chiefs of Staff had fully shared his views on how the Ko rean war should be fought He said he could only assume that Mar shall or President Truman had ve toed the Joint Chiefs MacArthur also said the Joint Chiefs in another document had taken the stand that turning For mosa over to the Chinese Commu nists or seating Red China in the should not be discussed in any Korean ceasefire talks He said he understood Marshall had overruled that stand in send ing the document on to the State Department Formosa is the big island off Chi na where Generalissimo Chiang KaiSheks Nationalist government took refuge when driven from the mainland by the Communists Marshall denied flatly that he ever favored giving Formosa to the Chinese Reds or approved any course that would permit them to See MARSHALL Pa J CoL 1 HST DISCUSSES MAC TESTIMONY WASHINGTON May 7 Iff While Secretary of DefenM Marshall was defending ad ministration policies before the senators President Truman went over MacArthurs testi mony with his congressional leaders at the White House Tonight at CST tht President is to deliver ma jor foreign policy address at a civil defense dinner House Speaker Rayburu Hid the MacArthur issue came at Mi Trumans regular Moo day morning conference with his legislative
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