Amarillo News Globe, April 2, 1944

Amarillo News Globe

April 02, 1944

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Issue date: Sunday, April 2, 1944

Pages available: 34

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All text in the Amarillo News Globe April 2, 1944, Page 1.

Amarillo News-Globe, The (Newspaper) - April 2, 1944, Amarillo, Texas !i AMARILLO SUNDAY NEWS-GLOBE HO. Day and Hlf ht Leased Wire. AMARILLO, TEXAS. SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL t. 1M1 THIRTY-FOUR PAOBS Fifth Army Advancing ALLIED HEADQUARTERS, Naples, April 1 (A') Fifth Army troops lashing out suddenly under thunder- ing artillery support have punched forward one mile and seized Mt. Marrone 15 miles northeast of Cas-j sino, partially straightening the Allied line above that battle-deadlocked town, it was disclosed today.________ The rugged terrain argues against any major drive northward in that sector, but straightening' of the L front is of value and the 'operations are engaging a German force. Mt. Marrone, three miles west of Rocchet- ta, dominates much of the Verrechia Valley. The lull along the'Italian fronts was broken by this surprise push along the spiny Apennine backbone running through the center of the peninsula. The attack struck be- tween the Allied salients driven into the Cassino area and the Alfedena region. Besides assaulting Mt. Chestnut troops, whose nationality was not disclosed, also attacked the towns of Pizzone and San Michele, two miles to the northeast. At latest reports. fighting was were consolidating the ground won. New Zealanders In Cassino threw back two German of 40 men attacking near the railway losses, and Allied heavy guns hammered the wrecked BeneiticUne Monastery atop Mt. Cassiuo which the Nazis have made into an underground fortress. Some 30 yards of the battered northwest wall of the abbey were brought down by the concentrated fire. A sharp German attack on British positions on the left flank of the Anzio beachhead also was repulsed, Allied headquarters said, and two American destroyers pumped shells into the Nasi positions Wednesday and Thursday. One fired about 100 rounds each day. Patrolling and artillery fire were reported on the Eighth Army front. Allied planes -flew some 650 sorties Friday, with two ships lost. They struck at bridges on the Italian east coast rail line, shipping off the Dai- heTd- quarters at Filetto, northwest of Or- continuing and occupying among other major targets. conference between Russia Better Terms for Finns STOCKHOLM, April 1 two days of new peace negotiations in Moscow, Dr. Juho K- Passikivl of Finland has obtained moderations In Russia's Armistice terms, it was reported reliably today, and the Finnish parliament will meet Monday to hear what was described as "an impor- tant government announcement." The conditions for peace now offered by Russia are "milder in many vital according to a reliable account from Helsinki and already i have been considered by the Finnish cabinet In a secret session last night. went to Moscow by plane Wednesday accompanied by Minister to Russia Carl J. A. Enck- ell, an old and experienced diplo- mat, who was FinlancVs foreign minister in the early twenties and signed with Lenin the treaty rec-i ognlrtng Finland's Independence. Their return was awaited in Hel- ninki tonight tor the start of a series of fateful deliberations among government leaders over ttife week- end. MKlon of Parliament called for Monday was of Men urgency H vac advanced a day from in usual Tuesday meeting time. (Censorship from Finland was tight, but the Swedish newspaper Dugens Nyheter said the situation, in Helsinki resembled the period In 1440 when the Finns were settling peace terms with Russia to end their previous struggle. Helsinki informants said there was much speculation there as to whether the United States or some other power had acted as a and Finland. Police Coiled 2800 Hayes "Police "Yes, sir." "Well, there's a dead man out here at 2800 Hayes Street" Sergeant Bill Bnyd dispatched a radio car to the scene. A few minutes later: "Cur Z to KQDH. Say, sergeant, there's no dead man out here. This street runs Into the graveyard." Yesterday was the first day of April. ,_.. TT ___ Australia Welds Armor Steel Must Schedule For Draft Calls Is Ordered WASHINGTON, April 1 From now on, "we miut meet the calls for military manpower u they are Draft Director Lewis E. Herehey told local.draft boards today. "Industry and agriculture must make the adjustments suggested by the demands upon Her- shej mid in an editorial in "Se- lective monthly bulletin sent to draft boards. Hershey continued: "If withdrawal from Industry and agriculture of men best fitted phy- sically and psychologically for mili- tary 18 to that the rest of us must work hard- er and longer in shop and office, in mine or on farm, that is a contribu- tion for victory that admits of no refusal by any person for whose protection that victory must be won." Meantime the committee of man- power claimants headed by Paul V. McNutt, set up to advise Selective Service on the question of deferring key men under 26, was taking a week-end recess. Two full days of discussion had failed to produce-de- cisions as to what industries should have consideration for deferments. The Selective Service bulletin, in- cluding new draft figures as of March 1. also disclosed that about 574.000 men under 26 held non-agri- cultural job deferments. This is a larger figure Uian previously esti- have been using an earlier figure of around 365.000. The bulletin said that of the 574.000 men, were non-fath- ers. The total number of men with non-agricultural deferments (classes 2-A and 2-B) was of whom were fathers. The March 1 table also showed agricultural deferments totalled of whom 835.000 were fath- ers. Among those with farm defer- ments were about men un- der 26. and were non-fathers. Class 3-A, men with dependents in process of reclassification. had dwindled to men by March 1, well over a million registrants having been withdrawn from that class during February, At that it could be assumed that no more than a few hundred thousand men are In 3-A today. j The number In 1-A on March 1 was of whom were i fathers. Class 4-F the rejected men who are the subject of discussion in Congress, had swelled to New Truk Raids Guard Power Blow at Jap Isles Reds Within 24 Miles of Odessa Swiss City Is Wrecked by Bombs When Liberators Plaster Germany LONDON, April 1 Liberators bombed industrial and communications targets deep in Southwest Germany today and some of their number accidentally dropped incendiaries on the of Schaffhausen in neutral Switzerland, causing 36 to So deaths and heavy damage. A U. S. Army communique in reporting on the day's operations an- nounced that some bombs had hit Swiss territory, blaming navigational difficulties induced by bad weather.. It did not further identify the councillor and chief of the cantonal area in which the accidental department, two officers of bardment occurred nor list the Ger-jthe cantonal- police force, a military man targets of the of the federal council and Liberators. an officer of the same council. Thomas F. Hawkins, Associated; The Liberators, on their own ss an Press correspondent, in a dispatch; of tensive arm, roared out of Britain from the Swiss City which is near! under the escort of Eighth and Lake Constance on the German1 Ninth U. S. Air Force Thunderbolts frontier, definitely declared thatjand Mustang fighters. The B-24s Schaffhausen was hit and said at least 36 persons were killed and 150 are capable of carrying an pound bomb load, .pounds injured. A Swiss communique said greater than the cargoes carried by 30 American planes participated in I the more heavily armed Fortresses, the accidental bombing of ,It apparently was the third hausen. {straight day of idleness for the B- Thirteen bombers and Fortresses which set tne pace m ers failed to return from the oper- t monjjj's record o[ 23 operations atlons, which included strafing at- on Britain, tacks on enemy airfields by the homhpf corting American fighters. Returning crewmen said a ma- jority of the U. S. formations bomb- ed through clouds, using overcast CANBERRA, Weldabte ar- mor steel is a new type of bullet- proof steel developed in Australia. The formula has been mafie avail- eo-between to arrange the latestjable to other Allied nations. NEW YORK, April I Swiss dispatch reported to the OWI said today that the German city of Nuernberg was "trans- formed Into a blazing heap of ruins'1 by the RAF Thursday Today's heavy bomber operations followed night jabs by the RAF's swift Mosquitos which bombed west- ern Germany without loss. The smash into Germany by a bomber force composed entirely of Liberators may be significant of things to come. On five days last month the B-24s flew to Europe with Fortresses but struck different targets. On three other days Lib- dead running as high as the largest number that has ever! Broadcast. Swiss reports said been in 4-F. There were only 369.000 Iarge part of historical Schaffhaus- fathers in 4-F and were en Wa5 destroyed and described the non-fathers. These figures -aike a war Mne" wllh tne sented a net Increase during Peb-isouti, wjng Of the railroad station ruary of 45.000 non-fathers and industries heavily damag- 000 fathers. Nazis Slain in Warsaw night, with bodies already erators were over France while the recovered and estimates on the (Fortresses stayed at their bases and on one of these occasions the B-24s .boldly struck the Pas de Calais area without escort. Most of the crewmen returning from today's operation said they ran into little fighter opposition but technique. U. S. headquarters an- nouncing the new blow on Germany did not immediately name the tar- gets. LONDON. April 1 running gun battle in the center of Warsaw in which a Nazi high official named ed. many casualties, great fires rag- ing, and the entire populace of the city bi 25.000 laboring frantically to extricate victims. The first bombs struck at A. M., the Swiss communique said. Smack and six of his bodyguards I dropped from a great height. A later were slain by Polish underground] broadcast quoted SchaiTnausen avengers was reported today by the] municipal council bulletin as saying Vichy Eye on Invasion Date MADRID, April 1 reaching here from Vichy today said Pierre Laval, chief of gov- ernment, had instructed prefect! throughout France to complete preparations for fighting under- ground Partisans by April 15, ap- parently the latest date Vichyites believe the western front will be opened. ...-V...-. Rainstorm Hits West Panhandle A rainstorm that blew In from the north-northwest and cut a .diagonal swath through the Pan- handle brought good moisture to a major portion of that section. The rainfall also extended Into New Mexico and Oklahoma. While downtown A'marillo got f hard rain for more than two hours, the U. S. Weather Bureau here re- ported late last night that the rain- fall at English Field was only slight- ly more than one-fourth of an inch. The moisture extended all the way from Claude to Texline on the Fori Worth Denver, with light sncw flurries at the latter point. Da.lhart and ChannSng got good rains, and the fall was hard at Washburn, east of here. Santa Fe dispatchers said that anti-aircraft fire was very heavy Hereford received about an Inch and over the coast and fairly heavy the target, but comparatively Inef- ftnd showers fell at Tejdeo fective. The attack carried Into another month the great western air offen- sive which in March -saw 'an esti- mated 6.000 American heavy bomber sorties from Britain which dropped some 1.000 TJ. S. tons of explosives [handle. got a sprinkle. CIovls reported that it was getting windier there with a lower- ing temperature. Rains were reported at Tucumcari LONDON, Sunday, April 2 The Red Army smashed to within 24 miles of Odessa yesterday, rac- ing through nearly 200 villages on a 175-mile front above that im- perilled naval base and inflicting "tremendous losses" on Axis troops retreating toward the Black Sea, Moscow announced today. Badly mauled Axis columns caught on the east bank of the Tiligul estuary northeast of Odessa were wiped out, said a midnight Soviet bulletin, as the Russians swept on over coastal and interior roads littered with hundreds oi German and Rumanian dead and wrecked Axis equipment. In one sector an entire Rumanian battalion deserted the Germans and "came over to the Red Mos- cow said, and large groups of Ru- manians also were surrendering in other areas as powerful Soviet forces steadily herded the enemy into the Odessa bottleneck, and moved swiftly in the west to cut off the last rail escape routes into Rumania. In the northwest the Russians fought their way into Khotin. cap- turing the southern and central parts of that town astride the last German escape route out of the By the Associated In co-ordinated blows to pro- tect powerful sea forcei striking at the fortress of Palau, Ameri- can bombers have wiped out two-thirds of Japan's air power at New Guinea, and made six neutraliiing raids en Truk in three days while de- stroyers steamed to within 400 miles to Truk to rake the Kaping-Marangi Islands with gunfire. South Pacific Liberator heavy bombers, attacking Truk Thursday In the second consecutive day of raids on the strong-point by Solo- mons-based aircraft, shot down il Intercepting planes. Seventy-one Japanese planes were destroyed in Friday's raid on the big Hollandia base, Gen. Douglas Mac- Arthur announced today. Hollandia is on the southern flank of the road to the Palau Islands, which block the approaches to the Philip- pines. Nunakitsu and Neru Islands in the seaplane base of the Kapinga-Ma- rangi (Greenwich) Islands were heavily damaged by American naval guns. This was the closest warship approach to vaunted Truk since a carrier force attacked the base Feb. 16-17. The two-way bombing attack on Truk is the beginning of a campaign to neutralize that Central Caroline Kamenete-Podolsk pocket just "the hottest targe we've the Middle Snlester River in the'ver.hit- said Gen. Truman H. Landon, chief of the Seventh AAF Bomber Command, whose Liberators have made three of the five raids. Truk sent up night fighters for the first time Friday night (Thursday U. S. indicating-concern for the safety of that Pacific bastion-un- der the two-way pounding of 6lg bombers from the Central and South Pacific. A shakeup in the Japanese air immand was rerxwrted by 'Tass, Soviet news agency. Lt. Gen.. Takeo Yasuda was removed as inspector general of aviation immediately Southwestern corner of the Uk- raine. A total of Germans were killed or surrendered in that area during the day, the que said. Driving southward in Bessarabia and western Russia toward Kishinev and Tiraspol, the Russians gained 17 miles or. a 75-mile front, and1 moved to within 45 miles of Radelz- u naya, key rail Junction east of raspol which the Germans must hold if they are to withdraw most of their exhausted legions from the Odessa area. A Berlin broadcast also said So- viet spearheads had broken through to che Tartar Pass leading through the Carpathian Mountains into for- mer, Cuecho-Slovakia; now Hungary. fell to Russian forces striking along the Black Sea coast from Othakov, fortress city captured Friday. That represented a H-mile gain. On the northeast the Russians were declared to have seized Ta- SAN FRANCISCO, April 1 The assault on the Japanese naval stronghold of Palau, near the Philippines, by powerful American task forces, was, "described one of the grate wtoet' and Clayton, in New Mexico, and at s h i n o and BlumenMd, 32 miles Guymon in the Oklahoma Pan- Polish Telegraph Agency. :the dead included M. Schlock, state April 1, 1918, on Europe. Meanwhile the 26th birthday an- niversary of the RAF found the British airmen too busy with war to celebrate. The RAF was formed "Partly cloudy and little change in temperature Sunday" was the late forecast for West Texas. Bibles and testaments. Russell Stationers' Co. SPRING BRINGS FEELING OF IMPENDING ACTION IN ITALY Rome Remains High on List of Allied Objectives HV rf" ____ .__ M______________________________________ BY EDWARD KENNEDY WITH THE ALLIED FORCES IN ITALY, April 1 Spring has come to Italy, bringing: more sunny days to! the fighting areas and blanketing them with a bright green i carpet studded with wild buttercups and j thistle, It finds the Allies thoroughly stalled. Still, I have a hunch something is going to perhaps before long. It could be a German withdrawal, despite the Nazi's current defensive success. There still is snow on the higher peaks around Cas- and -along the Garig- then for St. Valentine's Day, bull Thanksgiving Day. then for Christ-; mas, then for New Year's Day and nobody thought of promising It for April Fool's Day. But I would bet even most even that something very important will happen In Italy. liano, but most areas have thrown off signs of winter and even some of the mud- diest roads are drying out. r____...........r....... Peasants are plowing fields in tne slx wceks- and m despite rumble of artillery. IX "a taking pfacf'ana The military situation from the j stalemates o'f breaking in the sprimt Adriatic to the Tyrrhenian Sea can time. As hopelessly static as the be summed up In one word-stale- j sttaution is at present, I don't be- mate. And at a glance It looks as move It will remain that way until though the stalemate is likely to summer ever, the German -old'icrs still i moun. f ln held the Gustav line, and behind wl" suddenl-v Sma5h tlwt lie more rugged mountains and I them and Bomc' the Adolf Hitler line. Its name alone: But with the railroads badly bnt- would indicate that this second line j tcrcd aild battered daily. Is more formidable than the Gustav wltn coastn! shipping difficult and line for the Nazis do not officially i with ronti vehicles strained, with the use Hitler's name In vain. Ru.virfns in the Balkans and unrest As- to the Anzio beachhead. It Mwrc, and with the thi-PHl difficult in imagine ony majov of- of n "oss-channel invasion hanging tensive from there with the them, it Is possible that the Allied force In Italy blocked and i Gcrmnil! lllll.v iienn tlipfifrr. H Is n feeling some- April ennie In wllh showers on thing like that a little while before1 the first day. the El Alnnwin line was .-.racked! And OF like, that of just a year nun he- fore the final dr've In ply a teeling Induced probably by: spring weather and stnylng too long tn these pnrts. I would nol RO so fur ns to set n. date for our entry Into Rome. Not fvfa on I his April Konl's Dny have i 1 (oo ninny predictions -in-! ''ludlnR predictions of Inch military; bulging with im-Ho niiil strstrfy- the lull of Hume. We were piomued Rome for, .V tomorrow; at Irosl, a rertnln kind of showers. Since Monday Is Dollar Day, Amarlllo mcrehants plan n shower of linrcains for the city's house- wives. The Siimluy Nens-r.Mie rnnies niHiiy telling tit these bnvenlns. Shop today In Hie enlmnns. then buy to- mmrow In the rlt.v's monthly bar- gain miul. from Odessa, and on the north hard-hitting Red Army tank crews rolled through Serbka, a rail sta- tion 28 miles from the Black Sea port- Swarms of motorized Russian in- fantrymen, tanks and Stormovik fighters attacking on the eastern and northern side of Odessa were within "38 and 50 miles of the Black Sea, respectively, ripping at long columns of German and Rumanian troops retreating in .confusion and possible entrapment because of southward flow of Russian troops through Bessarabia in the west The Russians hitting on the east- ern side of the arc captured more Uhan 106 locailtaes, said-the daily bulletin, recorded by the .Soviet monitor. On the northwest they took JTroitskaya, 80 miles from Odessa j through which runs the last Ger- jman escape routes into Rumania. bombardments ever bf the stated New air hue dispatch received today from Olen Clements, Associated Press war correspondent. _ This was the fi.ot intimatien from any quarters that the huje armada, which opened the attack Wednesday within 530 miles of the Philippines, had moved near enough to Falau to shell that stronghold. after 198.Nipponese planes were de- stroyed Wednesday at Irak and Hollandia, New Guinea. Approxi- mately Nipponese aircraft have been wiped out this year. Japanese columns .drove into India, Allied communiques con- ceded, but at a heavy.cost of Hie. insg_was ip a four-day at- tempt to encircle Indian troops 32 miles northeast of the British base of Imphtu, which Berlin. radio claimed had been evacuated. The British have denied it. Farther north bitter fighting was reported against a strong Japanese -column, trying to reach supply lines to' North Burma. Chungking announced that Japanese have been killed in the drive of American-trained Chinese through North Burma. They are now sloshing slowly down Mogaung to cut off tne enemy base of Myitkyina, Allied native troops were 50 miles north of Myitkyina In a second push toward that base. In its first announcement of the attacks on Truk, Tokyo radio said 20 bombers struck the heavily forti- fied islands Wednesday, and 30 Thursday. In the latest night raid reported by Adm. Chester W. Nimitz. Sev- enth Army Air Force Liberators hit Dublon. Moen and Etcn. Ths two enemy night fighters failed to bring down a single raider. Two Japanese planes sought un- successfully to halt the bombing tacfc on Truk but all American air- craft returned safely to their base. Potter Waste Fat Record is Recognized Potter County did set a na- tional record for the collection of waste fats in March. Lewis Fields, waste chair- man, last night received this wire from Alexander Williams, direc- tor of information, for the Na- tional Fats Salvage committee: "Congratulations on marvelous record of Potter County. This sets a national record. If every county in the country would do as well we _ _ would double our national quote." I One American dive bomber "was" Potter County shipped shot down in another raid, a con- pounds of waste fats in March.tonuation of attacks against enemy- which is 15.7 pounds for everyf held positions hi the Marshall! but household and slightly more ttauij the crew was rescued by a aestroyer three pounds per person in Amarillo. Plnkney Packing Company shipped a 59.000-pound car in Feb- ruary and 60.000 in January, making j Marine Corps their total shipments for the year I will learn more about "our" DrOllflc Apartment of tactical surprises." The Doty Packing Company! Ground troops witnessed arid shipped 12.258 pounds m March wildly cheered as 26 Japanese bomo- has shipped M.553 pounds this ers and fighters one after another Ml flaming into the Assam jungle "When we realize that it took Monday m the o.f a series careful, painstaking and dirty air battles (hat cllhehim.Allied in thousands of homes every day'coiltrol of the air over Burma and in our stores and in 01 ing plants to make this able record in March possible llevc we can get some idea of mm u strong Potter County is behind the L8 to's out of B tota! of 38 war effort In every line." said Mr i Rttempted to raM the OhRhua- FieWs. "On behalf of all salvage committee members and our boys' in the service we. want to think whole-heartedly everyone who had! any part in this wonderful ochie Ce- ment." With each new amphibious land! f- mg m tee drive toward Tokyo, said Gen. Alexander A. Vandegriit WEATHER U. s. WMther The Pinhney Packing Company hopes to ship two more tank cars early ;n April. The balilc for waste fats must continue at