Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - February 26, 1974, Abilene, Texas porter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron 93RD YEAR, NO. 259 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79G04, TUKSDAY EVENING, FEBRUARY 2fi, PAGES IN THREE SECTIONS Associated I'ras (IP) By ELLIEIOICKER Wheelchair Emblem Aid to Handicapped Wlial's Hie liluc and silver emblem wllli ii wheelchair on 11'.' I've seen il on some downtown buildings. A. Those (locals denote a building thai is accessible lo a handicapped person or wheelchair patient. 11 means door openings are wide enough fin- wheelchairs, dial the. building is accessible by ramp and that reslrooms and drinking Fountains are acces- sible and available, too. The slickers were Hie brainchild of Hie Women's CommiUe.e the Chamber of Commerce. They're especially helpful lo handicapped travelers who look for Hie emblem on ad- vertising- billboards, of hotels and restau- rants. Q. We need some tbpsoll or sand for our yard (not a mm Find where we can gel some (iOOD stuff nol full of weeds. Also, which kind of clirl is bctlcr lo use on an already estab- lished lawn in Abilene? A. Sand is really best, says yard expert Paula Carter. It works itself (town into the soil, helps loosen it and change il from dirt lo bam. Second best is a combination of sand and black dirt. But as. an'old dirt hauler once said, "You ain't gonna find weed-free lop soil. If il won't grow weeds, it won't grow nulhin' else." Of course you don't waul noxious weeds bill that can be controlled. We've sent you Hie name of a man who is reputed lo be very careful with liis dirt. I'm gelling ready lo build an add.i- licm on my house and plan lo ito Ihe work myself.'Jusl a 10 by 10 room for washer, dryer, freezer and sink. What permits do 1 need? Does somebody have lo look at my plans1.' A. You need a building permit to put. the building on, the lol and tben plumbing and electrical permils. All can be obtained at Building Inspection in'City Hall. Minimum any permit is Plans aren't necessary for small additions, says Hie building inspec- tion office. i Q. Fifteen or so years ago I saw a 1 film on water fowl Mini showed ducks, geese, pelicans, gooney birds and cranes in slow motion. There were no human voices, jusl music and (he aclual sounds of each bird. was so unusual I've otlen thought abonl it. II showed Ihe twisling and lurnlng of feathers as (lie birds were in flight. II showed each move- ment as (hey landed and look off. One of (lie local banks woidd like to buy the film ami-loan il out. Hut wlial's the name of it nnd where could we gel if? Is there a film clearing house I might wrile? A. Good heavens, 15 years ago was practi- cally in Ihe Middle Ages but even if you saw il yesterday, il would be hard to find wilh- oul the litlc. But it sounds fascinating so try Ihe Parks and Wildlife Film Librarian, John II. Reagan, Stale Bldg., Austin 78701. Then write Films. Inc., 1144 Wilmetl Avenue, Wil- mcil, 111. 60091, and Learning Corp. of America, 711 511i Avenue, New York Cily 30022. These arc Iwo large film corpora- lions, bolh very accommodating. If you slrike out, check ivilh Kalhy Powell in Au- dio-Visual at Ihe city library. She has more addresses. Address questions lo Action Line. 110, Abilene, Texas 7DGOI. Names will nol be used but questions must be signed and addresses given. I'lcaso, include IcI- cnlionc numbers if possihlc. ____ Experts See No End To Gold Upsurge Everybody Walts Michael Buchanan of Tilusville, Fla. finds Ihat the waits in line at a gas station to get. his lawn mower filled gas shortage in Florida affects everyone as he up. (AP Wirepholo) It's Back to Sleepy Time Monday IIy ANN FLORES- llcporler-News Youth Editor With sunrise Hearing S a.m., the school day for Abilene ele- mcnlary school children will once again start at' a.m. beginning Monday. School trustees decided in mid-January to start classes 30 minutes later eaoli morning so thaf children would nol have to walk to school in the dark after" Daylight Savings Time was adopted. 'Since classes in tbe city's elemenlaries have be- gun al a.m. each day and ended al (he regular dismissal time of p.m. for the pri- mary grades and 15 p.m. for fourth through sixth grades. VVhcn the laler school slarl was okayed, sunrise was ap- proximately a.m. Looking ahead Ihen, trustees made the special hours effective only through March 1 when sunrise is scl for a.m. "SINCE MARCH 1 is on a Friday, we decided lo go on and w'ail until Monday lo slarl back lo the old said E.L. Swindle, elementary edu- cation director for the Abilene Public Schools. "We'll be sending notes home with children -at each school lliis week lo remind Iheir parents, of the Swindle said. Swindle sajd lie expects Ihe transition to the old hours -in go smoothly, especially since pareiits''knew from' the begin- ning thai the a.m. class slarl would last only unlil March. Klcmenlary school princi- pals say they will be glad to return lo Hie old hours since 30 minules of class time was lost cacti day under Ihe tem- porary schedule. can certainly use Ihe said Daniel lluss, prin- cipal of Crockett School. changing hack may be something of a prob- lem. The children may be a little lale for a while unlil they gel accustomed to tbe he said. "OUR FACULTY is looking forward lo going back lo Ihe old hours, I said El- nion Higgs, Bowie School prin- cipal. "We will be able lo get more done wilh more kids." I.P. Rogers, principal of College Heights School, .said he has mixed emotions. "The old hours, are fine. They give us more lime dur- ing the day. bul the present hours give us lime early in Ihe morning to do individual work wilh those whose parents drop them said Rogers. NEWS INDEX Amusements............ 6A Business Mirror...........3C Bridqc -4B Classified 5-BC Comics 4C Editorials............... 4A Horoscope Hcspilal Potients..... Obituaries Sports To Your Good Health TV Loo TV Scout.......... Women's News The principals said teachers did nol complain much, about having a half hour of instruc- tional time cut from the day bul that they did have to re- vise Iheir lesson plans some- what. "We didn't leave any basic "development subjects said Swindle. "Most teachers probably jusl cut down a little on ihe lime spenl on music or art." LONDON (AP) The price of gold soared to an ounce today amid widespread reports Aral) oil producers were carrying nut their threat 10 change their dollar hold- ings. The dollar slumped fur- ther in European exchanges after Monday's brief respite. 11 fell two pfennigs in Frank- furl, Iwo Swiss centimes in Zurich and 3'.-! French cen- limes in Paris. Gold rose 55 to hit Ihe psychological barrier al Ihe opening in London and then jumped further lo an ounce al Ihe fixing. II had closed Monday al S170 in Lon- don and in Zurich. Dealers said Ihey could see no end to the upsurge thai lias carried gold up since Monday and since the start of the year. London dealers reported much of Monday's demand for gold appeared to be coming from Middle Kasl dealers. They said trading was not heavy at the start, bul de- mand was persistent and lillle of Ihe mclal was offered for sale. Foreign exchange traders reported large buying orders for West German marks and Swiss francs from Iht Middle East, They said there was one order last Friday for the pui> chase of billion worth of Swiss francs and two individu- al orders for like amounts of marks. The dollar dropped six pfen- nigs and six Swiss centimes Friday under the battering of deals of that size. The dollar, dropped ..three centimes in Paris today, open- ing at 4.80 francs. In London, the British pound climbed two ccnls to Pleasant Weather Expected to Hold Although thai massive high pressure dome has shifted lo the soulheasl, forecasters at the Na- tional Weather Service said Tuesday Ihe Abilene area is still on its outer edge, and it will continue to cause fair weather. The predicted wanning trend will begin lo take hold, forecast- er Jerry O'Bryant said; with high temperatures in the upper 60s Tuesday and in the lower 70s Wednesday. A new Pacific cold fronl has edged its way inlo western Alon- tana and central Idaho, O'Bryant said, but it is "nol expected to do anything for a couple of days." New Convention Manager Named 3A 8C 2A I.2C 4B 6A 6A 38 JEFF LEWIS lakes money' STAN 1UKMVN .accused must cooperate WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Weather Service (WOQlfiei Map, Pg. BC) ABILENE AND VICINITY (JO-milc radius) Fair and warmer lodov Ihratgh Wednesday. Southwesterly winds at 15 lo 23 mph. High in Ihe uppfr las. Lo.v Toniqhl nrar 40. Higli Wedncsdoy in me leaver 7th. High and low tot 24 hours endinq 9 dm.: 57 and 3D. Higll and same dole (Gil year: 55 and j9. Sunsel la t nioM: sunrise today: !.10: sunset tonight: Richard 'fl. Marcanlel. 27, of La., lias been named the new manager of the Abilene Convenlion and Visitor Bureau. The announcement was made Tuesday al a meeting of Ihe ACVB board of directors by Neil Fry, president. 1 Mai-camel, presently direc- tor of the Alexandria-Pineville llapidcs Convention Com- mission, will be replacing for- mer ACVB Manager Richard Dillard, who lefl here Feb. 1 to become convention sales manager of Ihe Tarranl County Convention and Visitor Bureau in Van Worlh. ilarc.tntel joined Ihe Con- venlion Commission in Sep- tembi'r of 1970. His e-arly suc- cesses at gaining conventions for Rapides Parish produced a budget figure of He and his staff almost tripled Ihat figure lo BEFORE joining Ihe Com- mission he worked extensively in radio-TV and pursued a ma- jor in thai al the Univer- sily of Soulhweslern Louisiana at Lafayelle. While attending USI, in I9G1, Marcanlel began working as assistant manager of radio slalion KHEII in Oakdalc, La., his home town. In early 19CO he moved lo Alexandria lo be- come and music director of radio slalion KDBS. Just prior lo his appointment us Commission director. iMarcan- tel served as news director of KALIi-TV ill Alexandria. Although Marcanlel will as- sume his new posilion here March 18 and be introduced to lite board of directors al Ihe .March 20 meeting, his wife, Mary Jane, and his children, Shawn David, 6. and Michelle Marie, 2. will move lo Abilene al a laler dale. ARE I'LKASICI) lo have found a young man with 1 h e enthusiasm Marcanlel seems lo possess and yd a lot of experience for his age. We are looking forward to an ex- citing Fry said. 1IICI1AHDMAHCANTEL .new ACVII manager J a c k Gressell, executive vice president of Ihe Chamber o f Commerce, commented Ihilt ''We arc quile pleased to have a man on the ACVB staff wilh the convention develop- ment which Mar- caiilel possesses. His personal- ity and enthusiasm are quile contagious and should prove lo be a real assel lo him in carryini! out his responsibili- ties wilh ihe Bureau." Bail Means Automatic Loss of Free Lawyer By JOE DACV II Reporter-News Staff Writer Although lawyers in Taylor County agree llial the court-appoinlcd attorney system here provides effective repre- sentation for indigent clicnls, they ad- mil Ihe syslcm has its disadvantages. County judges said thai out of Abi- Icne's IpO attorneys, 30 I lo -10 handle indigent I clients. Of these, as 'few as half a dozen I lake such cases regu- larly in some courts. Two of Ihesc men, Jeff Lewis and Slan Brown, a substantial number in 197.1. The major problem, Lewis said, is that the clienl, unable lo make bond, must stay in jail, ofleii for long periods of lime and therefore cannol help pre- pare bis own case. "IT TAKES money when you gel in any kind of (rouble to grease Ihe Lewis, 58, said. "The reason they arc in jail is because Ihcy can't afford lo make bond." Since judges do nol appoint attorneys for persons who can make bond, if a person does so, he aulomalically loses his courl-appoinled attorney, I-cwis said. However, if he or his relatives cannol make bond, then he must slay in jail. Me cannot help wilh most impor- lant aspecl in Ihe preparation of his trial finding witnesses. In mosl cases, Lewis said, the indi- gent clienl knows Ihe people h'e asso- ciates wilh only by a first name or a nickname. Many of the cases of Ibis lype in- volve fines for such offenses as driving- while intoxicated If a person cannot pay I lie fine he must slay in jail one day for each fined, Lewis said. "IT GETS WORSE and In- added. The lime a defendant spends in jail works lo his disadvantage in more sub- lie ways, Lewis indicated. "A jury can tell if a man has been in jail. This has an impact on a juror, I Lewis said. The jury, he said, assigns a certain amount of credibility, to the defendant depending on his appearance. Taken out of jail inlo a courtroom, Ihe indi- gent client may be pale, uncertain and shabbily dressed. The lime he spends in jail may haunt him throughout Hie court process even when his case is appealed, Lewis said. Another problem with Ihe system is thai some defendants refuse lo cooper- Second of five stories ale With their couil-appoinled counsel because llicy are frightened or simply suspicious. ''My biggest problem is Ihe accused who' refuses lo cooperate with said Stun Brown, 30, uho" receives a substantial number of Ihe court ap- pointments. "If he (Ihe client) is paying you. you can tell him lo.go find another lawyer i if he does" not When you are appointed. you can't do thai." Brown said. SOME DEFENDANTS and critics of Ihe system complain lhal Ihe lawyer involved is underpaid, nnd cannol be expeclcd lo represent Hie clienl as effectively. "I've had lhal altitude expressed lo me. especially al Ihe first Brown said. "Bul I represent them the same as if I were paid by them." Lewis, who began his own in March 1973, agreed lhal he, too, de- votes as much lime lo the indigent client as to a paying dc'fcndanl. A for- mer assistant district attorney, he has seen both sides of the process. Another disadvantage of Ihe courl-ap- poinled attorney system stems dircclly from lliis alliludc, or presumption, that such counsel i.s .somehow not as effec- tive as that given to a paying custom- er. SAID <i defendant who lias such a case and finds himself in prison with all other appeals exhausl- ed, may lake Ihe only option he feels he has to gel out or prison file a writ of habeas corpus alleging lhal his conrl-apnoinled counsel was incompe- tent. Lewis estimated lhal 2-i to 50 per cenl of Ilitise clients who'go lo prison iry an appeal on the grounds thai Iheir lawyer did nol rcprosenl them properly. "lie w.tnts out." Lewis explained. "If (here's a chance he can gel out, he'll use il." Brown, who lias been practicing law lor more than four years, noted, how- ever, thai "very few courls have held this lo he so." Ifc thinks lite number of such claims may be exfiggeriitcd. Neither Drown nor Lewis have had such appeals filed againsl them, they said. They handle four lo five indigcnl clients a nionlh. ALTHOUGH THE SYSTEM has dis- advantages, il docs provide counsel lo persons who would olherwisc have none. In addition, a court-appointed attor- ney can also relieve some of Ihe ;IIIMC- ly associated, with being arrested, charged wilh a crime and jailed. Lewis said. Of course mil all cases of this nature involve a trial. Lawyers cnnlacted agreed Ihat about 73 per cenl ol them involve only a guilty plea by the defen- dant. Texas law a defendant receive counsel if he intends to plead guilty lo a felony. A majority nf these cases involve DWI, check swindling, thi-l't and sometimes burglary. Such as- siL'tinienls may lake only I wo hours. Ap- pointments for misdemeanors are op- In rare instances, however, coiirl-an- poinlcd attorneys become involved in more serious offenses. JIM HOIIINSOX, -17, an attorney since (woollier lawyers, Jim Cross of Abilene and Rill B. Hart of F.aslland. were appointed lo defend James Duke Creel, a Dyess airman accused of the rape and murder of a 10 year-old Abilene girl in March of I SIT I. Creel's lawyers spenl months on Ihe case, which eventually, cost the county more lhan and would have cost more if Ihe January 1072 wage-price freeze had not limited Ihe amount Ihe conn could pay. Had llic freeze not interfered, law- yer's fees alone cinild have totaled instead nf "boul half lhal amount, which Ihe lawyers were paid. Although currently there is a minimum allowed by law, there is no maximum. About 25 per cenl of tltc eases go lo Irial, Lewis said. A defendant, howev- er, may spend up to :IO days in jail before an attorney is appointed and up to HO (lays in jail before his case comes Id Irial." 1IOIIINSON AfiREEl) lhal system is effective." and added lhal lawyer is given Ion much empiia- sis in the Ihi-se cases lo begin wilh. facts determine ihe case, nol Ihe lawyer." Abilene alturney Charles Krwin, president of Ihe Taylor County Bar Assn.. said he thought most Abilene allnnieys believe .system is fair and effective. The cost..he added, is probably less than a public defender system, when a staff of attorneys is paid by llic county in handle only Indigent clients. "Our situation he said, "in1 real good in principle and in prac- tice." Tnmorrou: Taylor County judges, of course, arc Ihe ones who appoint altor- ntys. The third part of tills scries ulll deal wilh their opinions on llic system anil how anil uhy lltey srlccl attorneys receive such cases regularly.