Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 26, 1974, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS. OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR'WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 93RD YKAR, NO. 223 PHONK b'73-4271 ABILENE, TEX., 7S604, SATURDAY MORNING, JANUARY 26, PAGES IN POUR SECTIONS Astociated Prest (ff) Who needs a desert? You just can't keep a cactus down. grow anywhere. This one is growing through a one-tenth of an inch space between the wire mesh, screen and the frame of the fire escape of the First National Batik Parking Garage. The plant's roots -take nourishment from the pigeon droppings on tlie fire escape. The building at the left is the First National Ely Building. (Staff Photo by John Best) Petroleum Institute Can't Explain Statistics Conflict STAN BENJAMIN Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) The American Petroleum Institute said Friday it. lias recheckcd and partially confirmed ils re- port .of an S.frmillion-baiTcl decline in crude oil stocks (or the week ended Jim. 18. The AIM, an industry trade organization, said, however, that it still could not explain the large decrease or.Us ap- parent conflict with other API statistics that seemed to indi- cate a. slock decline'of less, than barrels. The Federal Energy Office pointed out the apparent dis- crepancy in ils weekly analy- sis of Ihe API statistics and asked the API lo rcclicck its figures. Later in the day, the API Australian Floods Force Evacuation Tuition Grant Backers Win Victory Austii Bureau AUSTIN Supporters of the "tuition equalization plan" and .other state pro g r a m s by which students at private colleges and schools gel state grants .to help pay tuition charges won an'overwhelming 17-2 vote Friday-in the Educa- tion Committee of Consti- tutional Convention. Actually, the vole was'on a motion by Rep. Bob Vale bf San Antonio to remove the proposal of the Constitutional -Revision Commission which had called-for a prohibition against stale aid to schools be- low the college level. But there had been concern among private colleges and. vocational schools that thelan- BBISBA8K, Austnlia (AP) Commandeered aircraft were used Friday to cvacualc all bul about Sfl'of the entire population of 600 from a flood- ed town in the lonely outback country of Queensland. Authorities said those re- maining were safe for the nighl on high ground near the airstrip. The Queensland government ordered the emergency evacu- ation as 'Australia's worst floods this century continued to glul the island contirtenl. The government-comman- deered private and military aircraft succeeded in shifting the people of Normanton, in the desolate Gulf of Carpen- taria area. They were flown to. the coastaPcilyof Cairns where the evacuees were housed in public halls and privalt; homes. Laler, an emergency heli- copter evacuation was under way in the far noilliwcsl. of Queensland where tfc chop- pers winched homesteaders from the roofs of their, inun- ilalert homes. Hie flonds have caused mil- lion nf dollars of damage and destroyed lliO'isands of bad of livestock. guage could cut off the "tui- tion equalization plan" which is feeding million tins year and next year to pri- vate college students. The vole lo remove (tie pro-, hibilion recommended by the Constitutional Revision Com- mission found two West Texas senators, .lack High-lower of Verno'n and E. (Pete) Sncl- son of Midland, as' the two dissenters. Rep. Vale, moved to strike the revision, saying lhat Ihe principle'jof -separation of church and stale is adequately safeguarded in Ihe Bill of Rights of (he Texas Constitu- tion and Hie U.S. Constitution. Atty. Gen. John Hill has ruled' that the' stale Bill of Rights cannot be changed in any proposed new -constitu- tion. Keligious and vocational school groups had told- the committee Ihe provision would invalidate 21.present laws al- lowing the slate to' contract willi religious and other pri- vate schools for services for the mentally and physically handicapped. By excluding colleges, the CMC proposal would have giv- en constitutional sanction to the stale's tuition equalization program, which has come un- der criticism from some cor-" ners. The Bill of Rights prohibits Ihe appropriation of state monies fur the "benefit of any seel, or religious society, theological or religious semi-, Ttie Education Committee1 will complete work on the en- tire article before sending any recommendations lo the con- vention floor for final debate. A final vote will be laken on the full article before it goe.i to (he floor. This makes the vote "tenta- tive" but the big majority in- dicates (he full committee's intention not to rock the boat on Ihe state grants to private colleges and universities, voca- tional schools and other types', of non-public education. Judge Asks Nixon s issued a statement saying it had recheckcd .14 of Ihe 15 oil companies lhat submitted the crude slock figures and..''leach'. the. accuracy of .the da la submitted, lo The API said it was willing to make'the'detailed-reports available to FEO officials and il was still trying lo figure out the big decrease. API statistical expert John Hodges said he could not. immediately, explain the 'dil-- forence .between Ihe Iwn fig- ures, but-would check on it quickly. FEO deputy administrator' John Sawhill and David Olivr er. acting chief of Ihe FEO olficc of oil and.gas statistics, told newsmen al a briefing that ihey e-xpecl lo find Ihe explanation in some sorl :of stalislical reporting error and did not think-the discrepancy might represent any secret stockpiling of unreportcd oil. In its analysis of this week's' See PUTUOLKUM. 1'g. I2A. Col. I .WASHINGTON (AP) A federal judge on Friday -asked President Nixon 4b' submit --'a personal out his clairn privilege on five White-House beeii subpoenaed, by; ate Watefgafe'cbmriiittee'r U.S: District A at_the. .safne ti.riie threw, out one of the' two sub- poenas the committee" 'served on ;1he -.President-.'demanding, all documents While'.' House and iNixoh" "reflection ajdes bearing matters. The two subpoenas had been served on the President on, July said the sub-- poena for the documents' 'Ms. too vague and conclusoiy io 'permit a meaningful response and is wholly inappropriate given- the stringent -require- ments applicable where' a claim of executive privilege has been raised." The. committee asked the court to enforce the subpoena after the President- claimed executive privilege, arguing that turning over the tapes and documents would invade presidential confidentiality. Samuel Dash, chief counsel of the Senate committee, said he agreed with Ihe judge that Ihe documents subpoena was vague and very broad. Al the lime, Dash said, the commit- tee didn't have enough evi- dence lo be more specific about the materials il wanted! Rut he pointed out the deci- sion doesn't affect the request for specific tapes and said a' new subpoena issued by the committee and not yet in liti- gation was far more detailed in its search for documentary evidence. Gesell ruled that Nixon's claim of privilege, outlined in three letters to the committee chairman, Sen. Sam J. Erviri Jr.. in July, "is too general and nol sufficiently coiilemporaneous" lo enable the court to make a decision. The Senale subpoena was served at. about Ihe'same lime thai the special Watergate prosecutor demand- ed lapc recordings of nine meetings. That issue later was decided by U.S. District Judge John j. Sirica in favor of the prosecutor and the tapes were turned over except for por- tions where Sirica upheld the privilege claim. Gesell invited the President to submit before Feb. 6 a statement "indicating whether, he slill wishes lo invoke exec- utive privilege as lo these tapes" and the reasons lhat disclosure to the committee .would not be .in the public in- terest.1. ._-..-' statement; must be' signed.: by the: President.- for legtv-at .'Gesell .ruled.. the tapes subpoe- naedVwere among the'.'ones given by Ihe. pioseeulor and all are ;of conversations be- twee'ri-.'Nixon .and. John W. Dean 111, who was Ihen his counsel. The fifth concerns, a Febru-. ary 28; 1973 meeting a lime when 'Dean said he told the President he, Dean, had legal problems because'of his post-- Watergate .activities "and therefore could be involved in an obstruction of justice." Nixon has-said: he did not', learn of coverup activities in (lie White House until a con- versation he had with Dean on Jlarch 21. The tapes of two meetings the men had that day were among those subpoe: naed by the Senate committee, along with ones of Sept. 15, 13." In. his order, Gesell Invited Watergate prosecutor Uflii Jaworski to comment on the probable effect that .'turning over the five tapes to the coni- mitlee would have on Watergate prosecutions. es Fails to Show Up By MICHAEL MITCHELL Associated Press Writer TIENO; Nev. aire Howard Hughes failed to appear for- arraignment on stock .manipulation charges in federal court Friday. The. judge said he will decide next Wednesday whether to issue a bench warrant for Hughes' ar- rest." Hughes, charged with four other-men, in seclu- sion-in the Bahamas. He could be declared a fugitive if he ignored a bench warrant. .District Court Judge Bruce. Thompson said he would rule on the bench war-.- vanl after hearing pre-trial motions for dismissal of the indictment against Hughes and the other's. The .four others, Robert Jla- tien, Chester'C. H. Nail and David B. Charney, appeared for arraignment Fri- day, bu( only Malieu entered a plea. Maheu-.plcadeil innocent lo seven counts of a. federal in- diclment charging slock ma- nipulation in connection with Hughes' purchase of Airwesl Airlines. He was ordered re- leased on a personal recognizance bund. The other three defendant's accepted Thompson's offer lo delay pleas until after he rules on the dismissal motion next Wednesday. Morion Galane. Maheu's at- torney, said his client entered his plea so he could be free io pursue his million iibel suit against Hughes in federal _ court in Los Angeles. Inside Today Delegates Okay Budget Texas Constitutional Con- vention delegates ap- prove o million bud- get. Pa.. 5A. American millers say 'they won't be buying much Canadian wheat unless its price' and shipping costs come down. 48. Thomas and Frances Lau- ver of Modesto, Calif., liope their infant kidnaped one year is with good people who care for him. Pg. 12A. A few issues provided most of the activity on the stock market Friday as Ihe popular averages closed the session-much the way.they had begun as brokers pointed to "in- decisiveness and nervous- ness'' by investors. Pg. DC. Amusements ]1A Astrology 7B ..................71 Church News Classified..............2-7D Comics............... Editorials 4A Farm................ 7-9A Mirketi Obituaries Oil ID SporU 1-5C Today in History..........6B TV 10A TV Scour IDA Wemen's News 3i sued Hughes afler a: telephone news conference in Ijis Angeles. During the con- ference a voice, purported to be that of Hughes, said, "He OUiheu) stole me blind." Thompson said Maheu would .not have to appear in court next week for the dis- missal arguments, bul. would bcnefil if the motions were successful. Before Friday 's arraign- ment. a move to postpone the proceedings was denied' by Ihe Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco. In a separate move, defense attorneys for Hughes, Davis and Nail appealed lo U.S. Su- preme --Court Justice William 0. for a .writ which would have slopped Ihe ar- raignment, but it was denied. The motion for dismissal. filed here Tuesday, claimed Hie court lacked jurisdiction and challenged Ihe validity of the indictment. The five were indicted by federal grand jury in Ijs Ve- gas Dec. 27. The action stemmed from a year-long Se- curilies and Exchange Com- mission investigation. T h e indictment contends there was a conspiracy to pressure directors of Ail-west to sell to Hughes belween' June I and Dec. 31, 1968, the day the sale was made final. Hughes is accused of author- izing Davis and Malieu lo un- lawfully manipulate Ihe mar- kel price of Airwest stock by depressing the value of the slock and threatening lawsuits against directors opposed to the sale. Engineer's Key to Better Mileage: Teatherfoot' By 11MWY ATKINS Associated Press Writer DKTROIT Paul Prior's engineering pals .al Chevrolet have called him "featherfoot" for years, but in these days of gasoline short- ages there is envy in their voices. Prior, 48, a projccl engi- neer, has devoted most of his adult life lo helping drivei-s gel belter mileage from their cars. convinced drivers of all makes can achieve belter mileage if they obsen-e a few- basic principles." said Prior, who helped train Chevy driv- ers for competition in oil com- pany sponsored economy runs. Drivers competed against each to determine which driv- er and car turned in the best fuel economy.- "More economical driving only lakes Prior said. "Basically, you have to practice being smooth, avoid hard starts and avoid unneces- sary throttle movements. "Of course the car should be tuned, with good lire pressure and wheel alignment." To'prove his point, Prior pu' an AP. newsman behind the wheel of a 19J4 Impala anrl had him drive a 39-mile route of suburban roads. A flow meter recorded .IheJi exact' amount of gasoiine1- used. The normally li.ahlfootcd re- porter-got 12.02 miles per gal- lon. Then Prior held a brief cminar on gas-saving driv- ng, gave (he reporter a few ninnies practice and took him .iround the course again. This lime the .reporter got help of a vacuum gauge, which shows when the car is using excess power and gas. The reporter got 1.18 more miles per gallon Ihe second lime around. Drivers can do nonmechan- :cal things to help achieve bet- .T mileage, too. "Timing slop lights so you .-alch a majority of greens Prior said. "Don'l ac- celerate going up hills and ob- serve all speed limits and you'll save gas, tuo." Some drivers Prior has tak- en around the course have re- alized as much as R three mile per gallon improvement. "The average driver drives 12.000 miles a Prior said. "If he got 12 m.p.g. he'd burn gallons. But if he could get m.p.g. he'd only burn 857 gallons. "At 50 cents a gallon, which we're paying today, that's a savings of a said.