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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - December 21, 1970, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT OOTH YEAR. N0.: 191 PHONE 873-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604. MONDAY EVENING. DECEMBER 21, 1970-FORTY PAGES IN FOUR SECTIONS lOc SUNDAY Auoeiated Prea (ft Documents Reveal Wary public.today'-In London and Washington. Sir Alan Brooke, British chief of staff, told Marshall he had been.; thinking along similar lines. He said, however, that Dr. Eduard Benes of Czechoslova- kia .did not think Russians would try to sweep over Europe Immediately. The .British 'marshal, quoted Dr. Benes as believing Soviet Russia would be bled so badly by Ihe war that it would need a few years to gel its economy going again. Long Before D-Day LONDON fen months before military strategists discussed the-possi- bility of repelling the .Russians If ning Nail Gen. :.C.- Marshall; World WarJI US.-chief of staff, asked.Ws British counterpart in AugUsUlJU If he .thought Ger- many-would help Allied troops enter" Europe repel the Rus- ._'" Thejjupfalion came from'offi- cial minutes of: the Combined Chiefs pf-Staff which were made Marshall commented in a meeting of the chiefs of staff that Russia was turning an "in- creasingly hostile eye on the capitalist world." The Russians, he said, were becoming increas- ingly contemptuous of their Western allies. .Although minutes of the meet- ing did'not background the rea- sons, .apparently the Russian view stemmed from Allied re- fusal to invade Europe as soon as Moscow would have liked. Marshall also foresaw the troublesome plague the Western Allies' would have in their rela- tions with-.the Russians over rones of occupation in Ger- many. He suggested :lhat. plan- ning officials :of the_ Combined Chiefs of Staff study-tnis prob- lem, but there was no indication that this wu ever carried out. Early in the world conflict the Allies-began .to treat.'Russia with com- bined Chiefs "had technicians studying what 'weapons it could give Russia, what weapons and information iTcouldjiot gfve the Russians-and-what the-techni- cians were doubtful about. The British chief of staff, while going along with Dr. Benes' view, told. Marshall he expected Russia to pan of Poland, at least part of the Haiti'- states and for conces- sions in the Balkans. Strategy against the Japanese discussed by the Combined Chiefs was based on the belief tl.at Itussia would not declare war against Japan, or if it did, then it would be so late the re- sult would be obvious. The major part of the records of meetings of the Combined Chiefs of Staff, a total of documents, was made public to- day by the British and Ameri- can governments. Allied military leaders them- selves fought running battles over strategy in Europe. Time after time! the British sought to pull men and materiel out of the Pacific to strengthen the planned invasion of Europe but U.S. leaders stubbornly fought won. Gen. Henry "Hap" Arnold, then chief of the U.S. Army Air Corps, grew so incensed by poor U.S. bombing results from Brit- ain lo Europe that he threat- ened seven months before D- Day to slop the flow of bombsrs to Britain. Marshall backed him up. In a long speech to the Com- bined Chiefs of Staff in Decem- ber 1943, Arnold said U.S. planes in other areas put 60 to TO per cent of their available bombers Into the air for opera- tions. The percentage in Britain, See Bomber. Pg. IDA Ball and chain Francis A Johnson, a 66-year-old bachelor carpenter, uses a railroad jack to wind his ball of baling twine at his Dar- win, Minn., home. Johnson says he began collecting the twine in now he has tons of it. He says it all started because his mother taught him not to waste anything. (AP Wirephoto) Fund Goal Still Elusive; Goodfellows Need arrived in Monday morning's mail for the Goodfellows fund .which will be used to help Abilene's needy have a Merry Christmas: With only four days until Christmas, the Goodfellows need 281 77 to reach their goal of A total of has been received. LAST WEEK OVER 500 families shopped the Goodfellows toy store for toys and scrip at local stores Is being given for food and clothing. Contributions may be sent to the Goodfellows, The Abilene 'Reporter-News, P. 0. Box 30, Abilene, Texas, 79604. -''LATEST- .CONTRIBUTORS: Jri memory of Kathleen .Anonymous Don Brooks, Brownwood lyin D. Hiler 'Anonymous In memory of Buck McClure Dr. i Mrs. Bowjer "Mr t- Mrs- Frank B. Hill 25.00 20.00 10.00 5.00 25.00 5.00 20.00 10.00 Capt Mrs. Robert E. Moore Mr. Mrs. Wier Joiner Mr. Mrs. Jim Griffin Mr. t Mrs. Jack Henry Fulwilcr Mrs James B. Dunigan Sun Valley Lodge Anonymous Mr. Mrs. Herman E. Scolt T.Sgt. 4 Mrs. Neil 0. Michels Anonymous Louis H. Gleiforst In memory of Mrs. Mae Brumley by Lucille Brumley Mr. Airs. J. H. Bone In lieu of Christmas cards to Abilene. friends- Mrs. Alma Bynum 10.00 Mr. Mrs. Charles A. Lacy. Jr. 10.00 Mr. 1 Mrs. Morris Oliver in 5.00 10.00 2.00 10.00 50.00 20.00 25.00 5.00 10.00 10000 5.00 7.00 10.00 memory of David H. Kudd Major Mrs. Ralph G. Fitzgerald i Family 10.00 Arionymous 10.00 Derrick. Wes i Joe Wilson 10.00 Mr. Mrs. Dennis J. Hayman 10.00 Mrs Hattie Kathryn Childress 10.00 Mem- Christmas to our Abilene Friends The R. A. Hui'o family 15.00 Mrs. Wilma J. Gilbrelh 7.50 Mrs. Mary Alice Dean 5.00 M. C. Johnston 5.00 In lieu of Christmas cards to our Abilene friends Mr. Mrs. George Gerber 10.00 Ronalyn Walt Anstead In memory of Mrs. C. (Francis) Botkin 10. Previously Acknowledged Total to Date Jogging Judge Runs Down Thief In 5-Block Chase CHICAGO (AF) Judge Raymond Hall, 47, didn't think he would get quite the physical workout he got Sunday while shop- ping. Hall saw a teen-ager grab a purse from Mrs. Gertrude Caley, 72, and gave chase. He raced the thug five blocks into an alley where he wrestled him to the ground. "The kid really was surprised to find out a judge caught Hall said. "He must have played football at some time because he held the purse under his arm like a foot- How did a judge, 47, catch the youth? "I'm a jogging enthusiast." I've been jogging regularly for about a the judge said. Court Approves Lower Voting Age By BARRY SCHWEID Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) A splintered Supreme Court up- held today the key provision of the 1970 Federal Voting Rights Uw, giving the vote to 18-year- olds in presidential and congres- sional elections. At the same time, the court approved by an 8-1 vote the law's abolition of long residence re- quirements for voting for presi- dent and by a unanimous vote the suspension of literacy tests wherever they exist in the coun- But the court turned around and ruled Congress has p.o pow- er to order the states to allow 18-year-olds to vote in stale and local elections. These four conclusions by the court in judging the 1970 law were produced by four separate lineups. Justice Hugo L. Black was the key man so far as the 18-year-old vote was concerned. The ruling in the last public session of the year look several Abilene Crime Rate Gains 30 Per Cent For the first lime in memory, crime in Abilene has increased across the board in all major calagories, resulting in a 30 per cent total increase for the January lo September reporting period. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation's Crime Index report fur crime in 2.iO cities of i-oiiiparable size rose overall 14 per cent over the same in 1969. The Flit's rating, released Monday morning, is based on oifcnses known li> Hit; police for that reporting period. Overall figures for the United States, with police agencies reporting, showed crime increased 10 per cent nationally over last year's reporting period. Suburban areas showed the highest increase among the three classificaliims, up 14 per cent. Cities and rural areas were reported as up six and nine per cent respectively. There were crimes reported in Abilene during the period this vear, compared lo last year. Figures [or Abilene show the following increases January through September in the major catagorips: Murder, non-negligent man- slaughter- 10 (19GO) Forcible rape 8 3 t'69) Robbery-29 19 C69) Aggravated assault 26 15 f'fi9l Burglary, breaking and entering 577 ('70i, 507 ('69) I-irreny, or over 578 401 C69) Auto (heft 124 ('701.92 ('69) While Abilene experienced an ovcT.ill rise in all categories, national figures indicate that the overall percentage increase is the smallust since 19Ti6 when a 10 cent increase was repoiled. Figures of 16 percent for 1967, 19 per cent for 1968 and 11 cent for 1969 had been reported in earlier Crime Index releases. Geographically, the Southern states reported an increase of 14 per crnl, compared to nine per cent for the Northeastern states, 10 per cent for Hie North Central states, and nine per cent for the Western States. Students Will 'Sleigh' Home It'll be "Home for Christmas" in El Paso for .TO students at Abilene State School. Mr. and Mrs. Santa Gaus, Mr. and Mrs. Ijxm Gillespie of El Paso, are sending their modern sleigh, a 39 passenger Turbo-jet, to Abilene Tuesday about a.m. to take the students to El Paso where they will be spend- ing Christmas with their families. Giflespie, a restaurant owner in El Paso, volunteered his plane for the trip, Ixilh to and WEATHER U.I. OFCOMMMCl jiihwji wtimw What Makes Clouds Move at Theater? M i TIUPHATUIEI (.ndif Mwttfl.ni 1-OJ I'M 100 u It Si ._ Mori m.. luniM MnlgM: JwSlTlf II won: M tfl. By E1.I.IK RL'CKIIR Q. I'm from Stamford and have been going to the Paramount Theater In Abilene for years. Would riplaln to some of DS "small town" folks how Ihry mote the clouds on the celling of the theater. Some of my friends say that It's an optical Illusion. Would you straighten us out? A. It's an optical Illusion In that the clouds appear to be three dimensional. They're put on the roiling by twn "cloud machines" (yes, cloud machines) placed on either tide of the stage. The machine consists of a disc with three cloud shaped cut-outs placed In front of a high-powered light bulb. The light projects (loud shaped Images onto the ceiling and the disc slowly turns It crcatu the Impression that clouds are moving across the rtillng. The machine has been at the Paramount since 1930 and as far as ARC Interstate Manager Frank Sheffield knows, it's the only one in this part of the country- Q. Will you please find out whrrf I ran buy about three ounces of paraffin oil? The last I bought was yean ago from McLnnorr-Ray Drug on Pine St.. but the. drag stoits I've checked with don't have It now. I use It to trral cloths for dusting. A. Most any druggist can order it for you through Humco l-aboralories in Tcxarkana, Ark. If dust collecting and you need to pet after it right now, try using banana oil. We're told It's even belter thin paraffin oil and the commercial floor cleaning companies uw It to treat dust ond mops. Banana oil, under the name amylacelate, Is available it most drug stores. Q. 1 hive a wmpUInt abont Action Line. Many of my Meads are afraid to write to you because we heard that you will use our names when you're talking to the people who answers. I have a question lo write ;ou, but won't send It because I don't want ANYONE to know I wrote It. A. One of Action Line's strictest policies is that names of questioners are not revealed In the paper or in researching a question. The only exception Ij when it's necessary to Identify a questioner in order to solve their problem. For example, when the person we contact needs to (jet In touch with you personally to give you the sm-ice or Information you desire. Often. In this case, permission is given or Implied in the reader's letter. It not, the reader is called for permission to use his name. But unless we have your okay, your name won't be revealed. q. Why do all Ihe hmpltiU hate about how dangeroM oxygen U? The llpn "Ttaagrr! No Smoking, Oiygti IE Uu." I know that oxytei will not burn nor explode, because It's Just purr air. hut Ihr hospital staff Is deathly afraid of II. I've handled oxygen for 35 years and have never heard o( It exploding. A. You're right, it won't Iwrn or explode, but it supports combustion. Other gases will burn and explode if oxygen is added to them and the explosive power is tremendously increased. If there's a fire near, oxygen will cause it to flare up. This the death of three astronauts at Cape Kennedy. They were lin'.ithinc 100 nor cent oxygen inside the chamlxT, when a small fire started in Ihe chamber, suddenly everything caught fire, including Iheir fire resistant uniforms localise of the concentration of oxygen. Since that lire, compressed air (which has only 20 per cent oxygen) Is used instead of 100 per cent oxygen. Aridrns questions lo Action IJne. Box 11. Abilene, Trxai Names will not be used hul questions niDAl be ilgnrd and given. Please Include tflrphsoe numbtn II poulble. hundred pages to set forth the justices' views. On the IB-year-old issue, JUST lice Hugo L. Black swung the significant fifth vote. He and Justices William 0. Douglas, William J. Brcnnan Jr., Byron R. White and Thurgood Mar- shall formed the majority to hold that Congress has the con- stitutional power to enfranchise 18-year-old citizens for national elections. Then, Black swung to join Chief Justice Warren E. Burger, John M. Harlan, Potter Stewart and Harry A. Blackmun to bar any interference by Congress with the age for voters set by the states for stale and local elections. Only Harlan dissented from the abolition of residence re- quirements of more than 30 days. The 1970 law had lowered the voting age to 18 for all kinds of state and lo- cal beginning Jan. days from now. Oregon and Texas had sued in the court against enforcement of the 18-year-old provision, Ari- zona had fought Ihe literacy test See HIGH. Pg. 9A Indicators Mixed At 4lh Hour End Industrials were down .89, transportation was up .62, and utilities were up .13, near the end of fourth hour trading Mon- day on the New York Stock F.x- change. The New York Compo- site was down .06. Volume was 9.290.000 shares, reported the Abilene office of Schneider, Bernet and Hickman, Inc. Ride Big for Yule from, and Mrs. Gillespie, a registered nurse, will be flying with the students to take care of tlieir medical needs. Also volunteering their time are the pilot, co-pilot, engineer, hostess and three chapcrones. Al Franco of the Texas Department of Mental Health and Menial Retardation and who serves as the liason officer between Abilene Stale School and the far 14 West Texas coun- ties, is coordinating the event. He said in Paso Monday that plans are to give the stud- ents a big welcome home complete with a band, digna- taries and state officials! According lo Mrs. Stanley Smith, coordinator of volunteer services at Abilene State School, plans are underway In give students a big send-off Tuesday morning. Also Involved In the project is Dob Surovik, chairman of the Abilene State School volunteer council, and Lcroy Bell, vice chairman In charge of special schools for the State Volunteer services. NEWS INDEX Amuwrpt nit 4C Bridje ................2D S-8D Conici 4D Editwiall 8C Hermeopt .............6A Howiiol Potitnli........5A Obiluariti IDA Sxvtt To Your Good Htolih____7A TV
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