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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 18, 1970, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 90TH YEAR, NO. 2 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, THURSDAY EVENING, JUNE 18, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Associated Press (IP) lOc SUNDAY Census Figures Show Texas Urbon Now City Men Will Get the Upper Hand in Legislature By GARTH JONES Associated Press Writer AUSTIN (AP) Texas' new census figures are a death knell for Ihe traditional rural domina- tion of Ihe Texas Legislature. The city men will get the upper hand this decade. The figures released Wednes- day mean that fully a third .if Rll Texans live within Houston, San Antonio, Austin, El Paso and the Dallas-Fort Worth area combined. The bigger cities are growing faster than Hie smaller cities, and rural Texas is losing people. House Speaker Yus Mutschcr said Wednesday night predicted lint five 1o eiglil votes will shift from the rural to urban category in the 1973 legislature but said "we really don't know how we will be affected until we get all the figures." He said Houston probably will go from 19 to 21 house members, Dallas will add one or two house members and the San Antonio and Fort Worth areas probably would get one more each. When the census becomes offi- cial, legislative and congression- al redislricling, bypassed last year because the new census was just around the corner, will. be inevitable. Still, the legislature thai sils next year will retain, probably, its rural flavor, for it will be elected on the basis of the I960 census. The candidates' filing deadline was in February. By 1973, the Legislature may be able to claim more urban than rural members. Some House members prominent in re- districting efforts met with Mut- schcr earlier (his month. They decided then that the fu- ture House districts' probably will be based on at least voters per member instead of Ihe present average per district. "We already have a more metropolitan flavor as a result of redistricting in 1965 and 1967, ays Rep. Don Cavness of Aus- tin, who served on those redis- lricling committees as well as last year's. "But 1973 is Ihe earliest that Wednesday's census figures will be reflected in (he makeup of Hie Texas he said. Selection of Texas congress- men and legialtors on the basis of the I960 count has been ques- tioned as far hack as 19GS. Big city interests demand increased power, liural interests try just as hard to hold onto their dom- inance. The 1965 legislature shuffled congressional and legislative dis- Iricls only lo have them ques- tioned in court on the one-man, one-vole criterion. The 1967 leg- islalure tried again, giving big cities more power but leaving the edge still with the country lawmakers. Last year's legisla- ture pretty much ignored the is- sue because of the approach cl Die new headcount. Cavness estimates the 1971 House will have more than 60 of its 150 members from the five big mctrpolitan areas of Ihe stale. "This probably means the 1971 session will have more of a met- ropolitan flavor because more votes will swing that way when they see the big cities have 60 he says. Rcdislricling in Ihe senate IMS had a decided effort on its polit- ical profile. The 1969 legislature, including more big city senators because of the 1967 redistricting, was almost equally liberal and conservative. Now it looks like senate liber- als will hold a thin edge in 1971 unless Republican challengers make unexpected gains in No- vember. Census Wipes Out Texas' 'Hick' Image By KEN SINKR Associated Press .Writer Texas is .a big-city state fur sure today. The 1970 census fig- ure released Wednesday erased forever the once-popular image of Texas as a frontier waste- land of hicks and horsethieves. Houston is now officially the only city in the South with more than a million population. Hous- ton's new population is up 29.3 per cent over 1960. The rural domination of Ihe Texas Legislature will end with- in the decade because of the new figures. Of Texas' new population fig- ure of one in three b've in the seven biggest cilies in Ihe slate. Already 75 per cent urban by the U.S. Census Bureau's stan- dards in 1960, the percentage will soar higher with the big- city aud suburban bonm and the decline of most rural Texas counties. Austin, Houston, Dallas and Corpus Christi handilly outstrip- ped the overall Texas -growth rate of 14.7 per cent over (he 1960 census. Austin grew at more than twice that rale, up 32.6 per cent lo El Paso matched the slate rale, growing to While Chamber of Commerce men were very disappointed at Ihe growth rate, down from rate of 24 2 per cent and 1930's 20.2 per cent, Texas was keeping pace with the nationnl average slate growth. In fact, Texas was leading Ihe slates whose "preliminary popu- Strategy by Mansfield Tips Vote Rights for 18 to Nixon By JOHN BECKLER Associated Press Writer WASHINGTON (AP) A bold bit of strategy by Senate Democratic Leader Mike Mans- field has helped Congress pass u generation gap-bridging bill that lowers the voting age to 18. By a 272-132 vole the House Wednesday accepted the 18- year-old vole provision as part of a Senate-passed bill that also continues the 1965 Voting Rights Act for five more years. House approval sent the pack- age lo President Nixon, putting him under the same pressure that Mansfield's strategy ap- plied to the the bill on both counts or risk fur- ther alienation of the nation's youth and its blacks. Nixon has said he supports the 18-year-old vote, but only through a constitutional amend- ment, not by -a simple act of Congress. He also has opposed extending the 196S Voting Rights Act, which applies mainly to seven Southern slates, on grounds it is regional legisla- tion. At the end of Wednesday's 'brief tail emotional debate, House GOP Leader Gerald R. Ford spoke of Nixon's past op- position and raised the possibili- ty the President might let Ihe bill become law without signing it. There had been earlier spec- ulation of a veto. Civil rights groups were alarmed when the Senate, at Mansfield's insistence, lied the 18-year-old voting proposal to the bill extending the Voting Eights Act. One of the most successful civil rights law ever enacted, the 1965 act lias resulted in add- ing a million Negroes lo the vot- ing rolls in seven Southern states. Its supporters feared il would be dragged under by the weight of so controversial a pro- posal as teen-age voting. Particularly unhappy was BCD. Emanuel Celler, "D-N.Y., chairman of the House Judi- ciary Committee, an ardent sup- porter of the Voting Rights Act bul equally strong in his opposi- tion to lowering the voting age. 11 was mainly lo overcome Ccll- er's opposition that Mansfield devsied his strategy. It worked to perfection Wednesday when Celler led the fight to accept the Senate bill, although still no fan of youthful voting. Celler said there would be no way lo save (lie Voting Rights Act from expiring in August if the House passed only Ihe Vot- ing Rights extension and fol- lowed the normal procedure of a House-Senate conference lo ran- gle over the lower voting age. U.S. Troops Still Combing Cambodia WASHINGTON (AP) Al- though President Nixon has said "the great majority" of U.S. forces would be out ot Cambo- dia by now authorilalive sources say half Ihe number of American troops senl into that ration is still there. The President also has prom- ised to have all American troops out by June 30. He repealed the pledge Wednesday in his tele- vised report to the nation on economic conditions. As of Wednesday, however, the sources said about American troops remain in Cambodia "still searching, slill sweeping and still removing en- emy supplies" from Ihe jungle sanctuaries along the South Vietnamese border. In his May 8 news conference, Nixon said: "The greal majori- ty of all American units will be out by Ihe second week of June." The Defense Department has said Ihe U.S. troop level in Cam- bodia readied men soon after the incursion started April 29. The While House denied this week the President's words ahoul the mid-June target con- stituted a pledge. A spokesman contended Ihe President had merely voiced an expectation based on field reports from Sai- gon. Since the Cambodian opera- tion began with the announced purpose of cleaning out enemy sanctuaries, the White House and Pentagon have used differ- ent figures on the number of troops involved. lation figures have been re- leased. The besl on file thus far with Taylor Golden, trade specialist at Ihe U.S. Department of Com- merce in Dallas, is Vermon'ts 12.3 growth rate. "Texas should hold its rank in Hie top six said Gold- en. In 1960, Texas was preceded in the population by California, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois. "We expect mosl of the west- ern slates will show a decrease in Golden said, ex- cepl for the West Coast. Montana's gain is only 1.1 per cent and Wyoming and North Dakota actually lost population. Still, Texas Chamber of Com- merce president Quenlin Aber- nathy of Gladewaler said he was "thoroughly and profoundly dis- appointed" with the new Texas figure. "I think we have more than 12 million people in Texas, and I am dissalisfied with (he man- ner in whicli the census was Abernalhy, a b a n k Abernathy, a bank president, said. He said he thought the recent census relied loo pinch on Ihe mail and on telephones. "When a rancher wanls lo know how many head are in his liu said, "he has lo go count them." In Austin, Gov. Preston Smith look the news philoso- phically. "There may be some who will be unhappy that the figure is not larger, but we have reached a point in our stale where sheer numbers alone do nol always mean he said. "We must continue to go for- ward wilh programs and plans to make Texas a better place in which to the governor said. The statewide total fell shy by a million persons of the chambers' expectations, and was even under the minimum estimates made before the cen- sus by the U.S. Census Bureau ilself. WEATHER U.3. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ES5A WEATHER BUREAU IWnrirr IMP, M. ISA) ABILENE AMD VICINITY radius] ConMnued Fair and hot IcxJay, tcnigM and Mich Icrfay and Friday between 97-100. Low 75. Winds wulh-EJ-ty from 10-5 m.p.h. Outlook Sa'urday Ihrcugh Monday more ol same. ar.d low for W-hocrs ending al 9 a.m.: 97 71. High And taw fo; same period Last year: ?o ard Sunsei [ail nisM: p.m.; tunrlie a.m.; sunset Icmighf: p.m. SHIRLEY JO BELLRICHARD AND PICTURE OF LATE HUSBAND also with Medal of Honor lie was awarded Widow Joins Army to Carry On for Husband SANTA CLARA, Calif. (AP) Shirley Jean Rellrichard, widow of a Medal of Honor winner killed in Vietnam, joins Ihe Army loday to cany on for her husband. "I want lo see some of the things he Mrs. Bellrichard said a year after visiting the White House lo receive from President Nixon Ihe award for Pfc. Leslie Bellrichard. The 25-year-old soldier from Janesville, Wis., was a fireteam leader in central Vietnam on May 20, 1967, when an enemy shell burst Ihrew him off balance on instant after he pulled a grenade pin. The grenade fell into a foxhole lie was sharing with four other soldiers. He deliberately fell un the grenade, using his body to shield hir comrades as it exploded. lie survived a few minutes, firing his rifle at Ihe charging enemy until he died. After swearing-in ceremonies at Oakland Army Induction Cenlcr, Mrs. Bellrichard will go lo Ft. McClellan, Ala., for eight weeks of basic Iraining. She said she wants to become an Army nurse. She already has studied nursing for 10 months at nearby Foolhill College. Mrs. Bellrichard, who was married five years before her husband was senl overseas, said: "1 hone they send me lo Vietnam. I wanl to see some of the things he saw." Where she will be assigned after training will be determined by the Army. "She wants to carry on for said her mother, Kdna France. "We're all very proud of her." Nixon's Inflation Alert De-Emphasized Where Can Luggage Be Fixed? By ELLIE FUCKER and BETTY GRISSOM Q A friend of mine had handle of her luggage broken completely off on a recent (rip to Mexico City. The airline will pay for the rePaIr- but she doesn't know where to take II. A. Take it lo Ihe gun shop listed in the yellow pages under gunsmith or lo the shoe shop listed under luggage repair. They both stock handles (or the brand of luggage you mentioned or can order one (o match. Q, Several months ago my husband heard Curt Gowdy, the fpor'sl monicer, on television talking about rani Chrlstmai as It lie had
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