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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 14, 1970, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 89TH YEAR, KQ. 290 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79604, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 14, 1970-TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Associated Press (ff) SUNDAY 'Super! ast' Return Eyed for Apollo IIOWAHD BENEDICT AP Aerospace Wrilcr SPACK CENTER, Houston (AP) Apollo 13's imperiled astronauls haltlcd lo bring (heir crippled spaceship back lo earlh lotiay as Mission Control Ccnler considered a risky "supcrfast" relurn that would propel Ihcm home a day early and perhaps save their lives. "Yes, night control- ler Glynii Limncy said when asked whether the three space- mcn would make it hack from their aborted moon landing mis- sion, suddenly cut short Monday nigtit wlien n violent rupture of unknown origin ripped through pressurized fuel tanks. Officials are considering (lie quick relurn lo bring Apollo 13 back to carlli Thursday because they are concerned about oxy- gen and waler supplies aboard the lunar module from which (lie astronauts arc drawing life support. APOLLO 13 Houh (QuUk bpining) al Power Radiator P t a p u I i i e n THE PROBLEM AREA Tins diagram locales Ilic position of the oxygen lank in Apollo 13 leak became apparent Monday which has developer! a leak. The night. (AP Wirepholo Diagram) Mrs. Calm, But Tense in Space Crisis Sl'ACK CENTER, Houston W "I'm not saying another word until Jim gels back Marilyn l.ovell said today as her astronaut-husband aboard Apollo 13 fought a. historic space battle to return lo earth. The wife of Navy Capl. James A. Lovell Jr. stayed close lo her space center monitor and a big color tele- vision set in her home as the space crisis unfolded miles away. At her side, in the small study used by I-ovcll in propping for the mission, was Charles Conrad Jr., Apollo 12 moon explorer. "She's pretty calm but said Conrad as lie left (lie Lovell home in the early morning hours, astride his red molorcycle. "Sure they'll make Conrad said, with enthusiasm, bul added: "Of course it's always a shame lo Rive up a mission." "The atmosphere is tense, everyone listening to (he squawk box and Firm Has Russian Order for Slips LONDON Wl Teler Kirkland I.td. says it has a order from ilie Soviet Union for see-through negligees and slips. "We didn't Ihink our frilly garments would be particularly suitable for (he cold Russian said a spokes- man. He said the Russians insisted that it be transparent, a few inches longer than usual and "specifically asked lor more lace and more frills." watching said space agency official Rob McMurry in describing Itie activity in the homes of Lovell anil astronaut Fred Haise Jr. lieforc (he trouble developed in space, Mrs, Lovell and Mary liaise were cheerful as they watched tlieir husbands on Monday night's television show from space. They had gone lo Mission Control lo sec the telecast. In Denver, Swigcrl's parents, Dr. and Mrs. .1. Leonard Swigerl, said they were "very worried, just stunned" upon hearing of Ihc Apollo I rouble. Dr. Swigerl, a 67-year-old Denver ophthalmologist, was reported not feeling well. Mrs. Swigerl, C3, said her husband's arthritis in his legs was bolhering him. Sv.-igerl's parents followed the events on television at home. With them were their two daughters, Jlrs. Philip Spinclli and Mrs. Marcclla Edwards, and three grandchildren, all Spincllis. A NASA spokesman said the Swigerls "are taking il very well." Haise's sister, Mrs. Brenda Johnson, said her molher, Mrs. Lucille Haise, has "taken it calmly." Another sister, Kydic Haise, left the University of Southern Mississippi to join her molher in Biloxi, Miss. Lovell's sisler, Mrs. Reynolds F. Redman, of Milwaukee, AVis., said she didn't inlend to worry about reports lhat Ihc landing was called off, adding, "It's teller than being on (he moon and not being able to get back." James A. Lovell Jr., Fred liaise Jr. and John Swigerl Jr. conserved these vilal cons- umables as they raced farther from earth, toward a loop around the moon tonight before starting the quarter-million-mile homeward journey. Looping lhe moon is the safest way home, officials said, be- cause Apollo 13 was close lo ils target when the accident hap- pened and already was on a course thai would lake it around the moon's backside. To slop short of lhe moon would have required considera- ble power and fuel expenditure, something lhe astronauts don'l have with their big command ship engine idled by electrical failure. The only powerplant available is the lunar module descent en- gine, (lie one intended to lower and Haise lo the moon's surface. The spacemen trig- gered Ihc engine 30 seconds ear- ly today to adjust their course slightly lo a path lhal would lake them around the moon nnd bring them back lo earlh lale Friday if lliey made no other maneuver. If that engine had failed to ig- nile, Apollo 13 would have swung back toward earth but would have missed by some 20.000 miles and would have been lost forever in space. To speed the homeward trip by to hours, Lovell, Haise and lale subslitute Swigert plan al p.m. EST tonight lo trigger lhe engine again to increase their m.p.h. suced by 558 miles an hour. Tliat would land them in the Pacific Ocean norlh of New Zealand al 1 p.m. EST Friday. Mission Control said at mid- niorning it still favored this plan, nut officials huddled for a long time lo consider a "super- fasl" relurn which would mean a longer burn of lhe lunar mod- ule engine. The result would be an earth landing about 1 p.m. Thursday. Officials listed Iwo draw- backs: service compartment at lhe base of lhe command ship would have to be jellisoned and this could creale a heat profec- lion problem. maneuver requires al- most perfect alignment of the inerlial guidance platform, something lhat may not be pos- sible wilh the lunar module sys- tem. Normally, the command ship system would be used for such a firing. "We will continue to study this option several the control center said. Officials are concerned main- ly with the water supply. With 75 hours to go, based on a Fri- day landing, the spaceship had enough water for 88 hours, a margin of 13 hours. To have Ihis margin, the astronauls will have lo power down lo mini- mum electrical power for most of the journey, reducing the av- "WEATHHT U. 5- DEPARTMENT OP COMMERCE E5SA WEATHER BUREAU IWMIhtr Map, Pj. 1A) ABILENE AMD VICINITY radius) CIcL'dy ID partly cloudy aad warmer loddv; cloudy 10 partly cloudy a slight chance of Ihu-rder ion'ghl; fair anci cooler Wed- nesday. Hloh Ihis in lhe mid- 70's; in Ihe [ow Wi; hfgrt arourd 70. Soulherly wir.tfs increasing lo 10-JO m.p.h., shilling fo northwesterly Wednesday. Probability of rain lonlghl. 30 per cenl. H'gh and low [or 24-hour! ending 9 a.m.: iP and 50. High lew same date lasl year: 74 Suns'e! last riaM: luwile. today: sunsel fonlghl erage hourly water consumption from five to 2.68 pounds. The waler is used for cooling lhe electronics, and cabin oxygen as well as for drinking. At Ihe same lime, the oxygen supply was good for another 125 hours, a margin of 50 hours, barring unforeseen events. President Nixon kept in touch with developments through phone contact with NASA Ad- ministrator Thomas 0. Paine in Mission Control. Neither Hie United Slates or Hussia has a space rescue capa- bility. So the astronauts will have to depend on their skill and thai of hundreds of experts on the ground lo get home. Kollowing lhe tank rupture, Ihc astronauts activated the sys- Icms of Ihc attached lunar mod- ule, or LM. They opened Ihc connecting tunnel between the two craft so oxygen would flow inlo the command ship and make il livable. The cramped LM is difficult lo sleep in, so the aslronauls will resl in the command skip. Swigerl retired early loday while liaise and Lovell moni- tored the command and lunar ships, respectively, planning to sleep later. The aslronauls remained calm and poised as they wres- tled with Ihe many procedures needed to stabilize their craft and lo stretch their consum- ables. To improve oxygen circula- tion and prevent a buildup of carbon dioxide in the command ship, Mission Control Center told the astronauts lo use a hose from one of the unused space suits and extend it from the LM oxygen supply through the tun- nel. Lovell, liaise and Swigcrt were lold to place any excess waler in bags and to turn off all non-essential items requiring power. HOW APOLLO 1.1 WILL START BACK This drawing shows how the Apollo 13 astronauts will start journey back lo earlh by gaining llirust as (hey round (lie moon from the descent engine of the lunar module (note ex- haust stream at left) while the service module engine (pro- IHiding cone al right) remains idle. (AP Wirepholo) Russian Sub Apparently Lost By BOB HORTON AP Military Wrilcr WAS1IINGTON (AP) A So- viet nuclear atlack submarine, perhaps with as many as 88 crewmen aboard, apparently has been lost in Atlantic waters miles northwest of the -Span- ish coast. The word came Monday from the Defense Department, which reported lhat American planes observed al least some of Ihc drama of the high seas incident before the submarine disap- peared last weekend. The ton vessel, one of a class of hunter-killer subma- rines capable of tailing Ameri- can ships, was seen in distress Friday and Saturday, then van- ished two oil slicks remaining. No one aclually saw her go down bul Navy antisubmarine palrol planes hail watched over the weekend as two Soviet sur- face ships atlcmplcd fully to tie a lowline lo lhe sub in rough seas. Al one point Soviet cvcwmcn stood on lhe deck of the sur- faced submarine. At one point Soviet crewmen stood on the deck of Ihe sur- faced submarine. The U.S. Navy P3 Orion planes, flying from an airbasc in the Azores, saw none of them leave. "Lale yesterday the Soviet surface ships were slill in Ihe area where Ihc submarine was firsl sighted and were apparent- ly conducting a Hie Pentagon said Monday. "It is possible thai lhe Sovicl nuclear submarine may have sunk." There was no immediale reac- tion from the Soviet government to Washington's announccmcnl. But Westerners in Moscow be- lieved lhe submarine was on ils way to take part in large-scale maneuvers which lhe Soviet De- fense Department announced lo- day are being held in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans Demo Ballots Here After Day's Delay A full day late and afler numerous correclions, Demo- cratic ballots for absentee vot- ing in Ihe May primary were delivered to llrs. Chester Jlutcheson, Taylor County clerk, al mid-morning Tuesday. liy mid-morning, no one had casl absentee ballots in either the Democratic or Republican primaries, although the Republi- can ballols were delivered on NE When Is It Time for Daylight Savings? (o help support (he credll By ELLIE RUCKER and BETTY GRISSOM Q. When do we go on Daylight Savings Time again? Not lhal I'm looking for- ward lo it, I'm just curious. A. We go on Daylighl Savings Time Sunday, April 26, at 2 a.m. You lose an hour's sleep lhat night as you move your clock up one hour. Daylight savings lime runs from Ihe last Sunday in April unlil the last Sunday in October each year. fl. Most Abilene merchants arc adver- tising and promising the use of credit cards, nrcn'l pin-chases marie on (here soli In banks al a discount? If sn, doesn't this result In (lie merchant liavlng lo sell his goods al a higher price to ict mm the same profif, which would In clfccl he penalizing (lie cnsli I customers customer? A. Theoretically credit cards cut the merchant's expense hecause he has fewer delinquent accounts lo track down, cost of billing and maintaining records is lessened as the bank guarantees payment on credit card purchases and pays immediately. Also the .merchant docsn'l have his money tied up invest il in more inventory, which means more sales. Of course, this doesn't always hold true; it depends on the merchant. Competition from other businesses tends to hold down Die price of goods. Q. Is Ihcrc. any llrm or person In Abilene will pick up and pay (or old newspapers? A. No, they're not worth Ihe time and trouble anymore. Price o[ waste paper has dropped from 40 cenls per 100 pounds lo 20 cents and the owner of lhe waste papcr company here says they hate lo bother with them anymore. You'd have lo save your newspapers for several months lo accumulate 100 pounds which would sell for a whole 20 cents. Hardly worth lhe effort. Q. There arc so many (unit raising drives being conducted in Abilene lately. I thought the United Fund was supposed (o eliminate some of these drives. I'm thinking primarily of (he American Cancer Society drive; why Isn't It Includ- ed In the United Fnwi Drive? A. The Cancer Society feels that since ils programs are nationwide, its financial needs should be determined by those closely associated wilh the problem ralhcr than a United Fund finance Committee which might be more concerned with local money- raising problems. Also leaders feel the opportunity to place literature in homes is of great value because records show more people go for physical exams following lhe Crusade lhan at any oilier lime of year, and this opportunity would be lost if their drive was included in Ihe United Fund. Q. Could you please give us a break- down as to'how (unds collected by the American Cancer Society arc used In Tc.vas? A. L'sing the figure as a base, 38 cents is spent for cancer research, 15 cents is spent on keeping physicians informed of up-lo-date developments in cancer treatment and for professional fellowships, 21 cenls goes for public education, 23 cents for ser- vice lo cancer patienls, 5 cents for development of programs and adminis- tration, and 9 cents for providing crusade m.ilerials for lhe campaign, according to the Texas Division of the American Cancer Society. Address questions lo Action I.lnc, Uox 30, Abilene, Texas, 79604. Names will not he used hut questions must be signed and addresses given. time Monday morning. Domocralic officials ran inlo trouble, they said, due lo vhe redistricting of Taylor County, which became effective Jan. 1. There will now be seven dif- ferent Democratic absentee ballots. County Democratic Chairman Larry Cunningham explained: "Because the justice of the peace precincl boundaries cross lhe commissioners precinct boundaries, docitfcd lhat the only way to keep from having 14-15 different ballols and even more expense .to Ilic county is lo print Ihe three JP ballols separately, even though the JPs have no opponents." Persons voting absentee just like those who go lo the polls May 2 will mark only two ballols, one wilh all Ihe stale and local offices, (except JP) and one with JP only, Mrs. Ilulcheson explained. "Nobody is going to have lo mark seven ballots." Four Democratic ballols had been delivered to Mrs, Hulcheson lale Monday afternoon, but they were found lo contain several errors. Sbo estimated lhat one dozen Democrats who came in lo vote Monday were Turned away, first because no ballots had been delivered, and then because they were incorrect. April 28 is lhe deadline for casting Absentee ballols. through May. The apparent loss came 23 monllis after an American nu- clear submarine, Hie USS Scor- pion, mysteriously vanished with a crew of 99 in the Atlantic while returning from a Mediter- ranean exercise. There were no' obvious simi- Inrilics in lhe Iwo incidcnls, however. The Scorpion was nev- er sighted nor heard from and apparently disintegrated in lhe ocean dcplhs. Scorpion debris was later found 400 miles southwest of the Azores. The Soviet submarine was spotted 400 miles northwest of Cape FinisleiTe, roughly miles from the Scorpion's grave. The queslion arose as lo why the Pentagon elected lo an- nounce (he Soviet misfortune, which was nol immediately con- firmed by Ihe Russians. One reason, knowledgeable of- ficials said, was lhat lhe inci- dent was certain lo leak out any- way lo American newsmen. There was also lhe possibility the Soviets mighl claim an American submarine or ship had bumped the Russian vessel. To counter such an allegation Defense spokesman Jerry Fried- heim lold reporters: "I am able lo categorically state lo you thai no U.S. surface vessel or submarines were involved in any way" in the incident. lie declined lo discuss wheth- er the Soviet submarine had been tracking any American units. H was understood she had recently been operating wilh other Soviet vessels in Ihc Medi- terranean. NEWS INDEX Amusements ...........6A Bridge................8B Classified ............5-83 Comics................4B Editorials..............23 Horoscope .............5A Hospital Patients........4A Obituaries............. 3A Sporls 7-9A This Man's Art 6A To Your Good Heallri____8B TV Log.........'.....1OA Women's News.....a... 3B
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