Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - March 18, 1970, Abilene, Texas gfotlene "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron BOTH YEAH. NO. 273 PHONE 673-4271 ABILENE. TEXAS, 79604, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MARCH 18, 1970 PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Associated SUNDAY Admiral Wos Ready to Redeem Navy for Pueblo Fiasco Washington Overruled Order to Take Mutiny Ship IK COL. H. 1IEINL Jit. North American Newspaper Alliance WASHINGTON much is at slake in Cambodia for the Navy to have ('.me wlial should ordinarily have conic naturally by sending a U.S. man of- war inlo Sihanoitkvillc lo rescue the hijacked American merchantman, SS Columbia Kaglo. tt'Jicri news of (lie ammunition ship's Saturday seizure liy mutineers reached Admiral John J. llyland, commandcr-in- chicf o[ the Parilic Fleet, the admiral (perhaps mindful of Ihc Pueblo fiasco) instantly ordered the cruiser Oklahoma City lo slcam inlo Silianoukvillc under air cover and retake her. Only on orders from the highest authority here ill Washington did Ilyland recall the Oklahoma City.. What prompted Washington to slam on the brakes is an excellent possibility llial, in ils current confrontation with Hanoi, Hie Cambodian government may close Sihanoukville to Communist shipping. Sliorl of Haiphong in North Vietnam, Sihanoukville, Cambodia's only deep-sea harbor, has been the main Communist port of entry for weapons and supplies from abroad. Some Ions of enemy weapons, ammunition and supplies pass through Siliiinoukvillc every month and find (heir way north up not-so-secrel trails or swampy back-channels inlo the hand of the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese invaders in the Delta and Ihc approaches lo .Saigon. This is roughly a third of what cnlcrs through Haiphong, but is never- theless of crucial importance to the Com- munist effort in the south. The closing of Sihanoukville would represent a worse political blow to Hanoi than casualties on the battlefield. With Premier Don bluntly demand- ing immediate withdrawal of all communist forces from Cambodia, precipitate American action against Cambodian in the poll of Sihanoukville itself might well jeopardize if not derail one of the most favorable and unexpected political developments of the Southeast Asia war. The Navy, however, is rightly still smarting over ils failure lo react effec- tively in 1MB after the USS Pueblo's com- mander surrendered his electronic intel- ligence ship without firing a sliol and steamed her into North Korea's port of Wonsan. It would be easy to make Ihe snap judgment that a dashing rescue of the Columbia Eagle and arrest of tier mutineers at fixed bayonets by a board- ing party of Marines would refurbish the Navy's somewhat tarnished image. No doubt this was Admiral Hybrid's gut reaction, as it probably would have been for most naval officers anxious lo reestablish (he fighting traditions of the Navy as well as to put down mutiny, which is not highly regarded in naval circles. fliil more senior naval authorities here in Washington, backed by the State Department and White House, quickly discerned the difference between bitterly hostile North Korea, where we had nothing whatever lo lose, and delicately balanced Cambodia, where we stand to have everything to gain. Gunboat diplomacy still has ils place, but not in Sihanoukville this week. By ELLIE HUCKl-it and IHT.Y (rKISSOM Con Papa Be In When Stork Comes? Q, hear so much these rtay nl the nerds of newborn Infants lor contact Hllti Iholr llinsc prospective pnrrnls who sn desire, do any Abilene hospitals permit fathers In be In llm delivery room nl Ihc lime of birth1.' A. No, Abilene hospitals allow only aullnrizcct personnel in the delivery room. Previous experience has shown that this policy better protects mother and baby, Ihcrdorc hospital accrediting committees refuse lo accredit a hospital if il permits rehilivcs or fathers in the delivery room. Problems have resulted from experiments with Ihis in the past. If a complication should arise in delivery, such as a hGmmorhage, a father might become excited or hysterical, might faint or become ill and contaminate equipment in Ihc operating room. At this time ihe physician is extremely busy caring for mother and baby ami added confusion could be disastrous. Bortors the desire of fathers lo be with the molher in delivery, and are hoping for a set-up whereby Ihe husband could watch the proceedings through a window. Q. "Birds have a third eyelid." This statement was prlnlcd ns a filler In the rifiht hand corner of Page 3-B of Tire Renoi-lPr-News March 5, evening cilitlon. Nnw conn- on, how could a bird have Ihroe eyelids1.' A. The nictitating membrane is sometimes referred lo as ,1 "third eyelid." It's a clear, highly clastic membrane which stretches across the bird's eye and serves Ihe same purpose as a Wink It cleanses and moistens the eyeball. Dr. George Newman, professional ornithologist, further explained dial a bird's actual eyelids are generally used only al night when they close while the bird sleeps. 0. How does one go about getting new license plates for Ihclr car? A. If you received a computer card through tiic mail, lake (he card to Ihc lax assessor's office in Ihe county courlhouse sr.il you can purchase your license right lliere. If for sonic reason you don't have lli.1t card, then lake your ear title and last year's license receipt lo the lax assessor's olfice and purchase your license. Deadline is April I. Q. Can yon tell me where or how lo pel a map of Catclaw Creek, with all the details? A. City Engineering Dept. on Ihe 2nd floor of City Hall has a contour map of the city which shows Calclaw Creek in detail; it also hu aerial pholos. Personnel there will help reproduce Ihc seclion of Ihe map lhat you want, or you can order a print. Q. Why don't we hnvc certain days or designated as clean-in.) lime and he highly publicized (such as Clean-up, ralnl-up Time) as Is done In certain oilier cities? I'll bet there would he many here uho would go for Ihls Idea. A. The City Sanitation Ocpl. has sponsored such a drive seven, times in the lasl 10 years. Al this very moment, the Public health Committee of the Chamber of Com- merce is working on a full-scale Clean-Up Campaign for Abilene scheduled to begin early this spring. The Chamber will work in CD-operation with the City Refuse Dcpt. which will provide extra pick-up service for leaves, tree limbs, debris from vacant lots, clc; and The Boy Scouts will also assist in Ihc drive. Publicity will lie handled by the C of C so you'll lie hearing a lol more about il in the next few weeks. Address ipirstlons In Action Lino, Box SO, Abilene, Texas, Names will nil Jjc used bit! questions must be signed addresses given. i nee Parliament Pins Crisis on Him By RICHARD PY1.K Associated Press Writer SAIGON (AP) Cambodia's Parliament overthrew Prince Norodom Sihanouk today, charging the chief of stale pro- voked the political crisis grip- ping the nation, Radio Phnom Penh announced. Asian diplomats in Saigon rc- eoivcd reports lhat Cambodian troops surrounded the Parlia- ment building and had sealed off the airport in the capital. The news reached the '17- year-old prince, who had domi- nated his kingdom's politics for more than 20 years, while he was in Moscow en route home from Paris. He left later in Ihe day for Peking. The cause of the crisis was vi- olent' demonstrations last week against the presence of North Vietnamese and Vicl Cong troops in Cambodian border re- gions. During the demonstra- tions, Cambodians sacked the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong embassies in Phnom Penh. The Cambodian radio said the reins of power as chief of stale were turned over to Cheng Heng, president of the National Assembly. The assembly, the lower house of Parliament, met in joint session with the Royal Cambodian Council, the upper Sihanouk Bouncy, BaffSed Outsiders (AP Wirepholol IMllNCK SIHANOUK in power 20 j cars Hamlin Adds To WTRC Fund Tlic residents or Hamlin have added their support to the plight of the West Texas liehabilitation Center. Tuesday a group of Hamlin cilizens 'brought in derived from a cily-wide canvas, according to Shelley Smith, executive director of U'TRC. Included in Ihis amounl arc contributions from 14 members of the Century Club who have given or more lo the cause of WTJiC. Tuesday receipts bring the overall total received for (he emergency fund to The complete tola! of Tuesday receipts were not available by prcssliinc. Smith said that Ihc Hamlin boosters have set a goal of per person in the city of over 4.IKIO and lhat citizens are staging a city wide White Elephant sale wilh benefits to go to WTRC. "The spiril of Ihe people of Hamlin is representative of Ihc many communities in our said Smith. Other events scheduled throughout Ihc Country in bcha'f of WTliC include a big country variety show Friday sponsored by tlic Calendar Club of Rolan and WTRC Day in Retail Friday with dreg stores and restaurants participating in coffee day. DcColy Coffee Co. is furnishing (ho coffee. Wednesday is Rehab Day at the Hubbnrd Creek Steak House. Smith said lhat was received from Ihc Easter Seal sales Tuesday bringing the total received from Easier Seals lo not included in Ihe emergency fund, lly THE ASSOCIATED PIII'SS Prince Norodom Sihanouk, de- posed chief of state in Cambo- dia, was in turn a basketball player, jazz saxophonist, actor and composer. As the Vietnam war wore on his favorite arlivi- ly became that of criticizing the United Stales. When Mrs. John F. Kennedy visilcd Cambodia in November the dapper prince divided his time between playing gra- cious host and telling the sudden influx of newsmen Dial the Unit- ed States could not win in Viet- nam. For many Westerners Sihan- ouk's personality was often irri- tating and somclimes comic. As his own public relations officer, he sent a flow of irale letters lo foreign journals and wrote Ihc major editorials in Cambodia's daily papers. He also served as editor in chief of the nation's NEWS INDEX Business Bridge Classified -iA 8-1 v, Comics Editorials Horoscope llospilol Patients To Your Coed TV Log C Woman's News two illustrated magazines. Diplomatic relations belwecn Cambodia and the United Stales were broken in 1M5 but restored last June on a low-level basis. American diplomats tended lo look on Sihanouk as unpredicta- ble, yet as a force for peace in Indochina. One once remarked. "Cambodia is Sihanouk. Without him there would bo chaos." His approach was often baf- fling to (lie outsider. He out- lawed Cambodia's small Com- munist parly, but Phnom Penh became a city where peddlers sold Ihc works of Mao Tse-umg in restaurants. Once a sharp critic of Ihc So- viet Union and Red China, hs turned toward them because they voiced support for Cambo- dian neutrality. A man with a bouncy person- ality, Sihanouk became im- mensely popular wilh Cambo- dia's six million people, whom be called "my children." is difficult to be a prince he said a few years ago. "the people believe that princes only build palaces and make gold and silver. Hut nowa- days we have lo work." Sihanouk was once king of Cambodia, taking the thronn in 19-11- During World War II and after il, he supported a Cambo- movcincnl for independ- ence from France which moved inlo Cambodia in 1853 as prolec- IKIUSC, and voted no confidence in Sihanouk. A report received by Ihe gov- ernment in Saigon said the real power rested with two Gcti. Lon Nol, premier and chief of the military forces, and Sink Malak, a top government minis- ter. The two men arc known to share doubts about Ihe mercu- rial Sihanouk's neutralist policy, and were opposed to the GO.rxX) North Vietnamese and Viet Cong troops using border sanctuarics for forays into South Vietnam. a conservative, was cred- ited by .some sources in Saigon with organizing the demonstra- tions against the North Viet- namese and Viet Cong troops. Others noted Sihanouk's grip on Hie country and believed be himself possibly orchestrated llicm from Paris. An unofficial translation of Ihc Phnom Penh broadcast, as heard in Saigon, said: "Following the political crisis provoked by Prince Norodom Sihanouk in' Hie past days, the National Assembly and llie Roy- al Council in joint session, con- forming to the constitution of the kingdom, unanimously with- drew their confidence in Prince Norodom Sihanouk. From this day, 18 March 1970, at 1300 (1 p.m.) the Prince Norodom Si- hanouk ceases lo he Die chief of stale of Cambodia ar.d will be replaced by Cheng Ilciig, Ihc president of the National As- sembly, who will assume (he function of the chief of stale un- til election of a new chief of slate in accordance with the text of the nation's constitu- tion." The Cambodian Embassy in Singapore said Ihc Phnom Penh radio said laler: "The new head nf stale said Cambodia will fol- low the same policies of inde- pendence, neutrality, territorial integrity and will respccl all in- ternational treaties signed by her." The radio called on Ihc people of Cambodia to remain calm. In Washington, Stale Depart- ment officials look a wait and sec position. The Cambodian radio broad- cast announcing a vole of no confidence had been taken by Ihe National Assembly anil Council was heard by U.S. mon- itors. The broadcast said Sihan- ouk had bron deposed and a new chief of slate would be se- lected. SOUTH VIEW AM CAMBODIA (AP Wlrtpholo] crisis area or Hie Far East Navy Wives Stage Strike in Embassy PARIS (AP) The wives of two U.S. Navy rfirmen missing over North Vietnam staged a brief sit-down strike in Hanoi's diplomatic mission building to- day in an unsuccessful effort lo learn the fate of their husbands. Carolyn Dennison, 110, Corpus Chrisli, Tex., and Susan Hanley, 21, San Diego, Calif., the mission because North Viet- namese diplomals said Ilicy bad a letter for them. The letter con- tained no news of their hus- bands, who were shot clown Jan. I, 13GB. The women sat down in arm chairs and refused lo leave. A member of the mission sum- moned two French police offi- cers, guarding the mission. One of the officers told wail- ins; newsmen about the women refusing lo leave and asked hradnuarlcrs for instructions. "It's a very delicslc situation. We don't know what to he said. Tint 20 minutes after the po- lice were called in, the women agreed lo leave the premises. "They have the answer lo our questions, but they won't give il lo Mrs. Dennison said. "We will not give up and we will not leave Paris." The women said Ihe letter "contained absolutely and they lore il up and sprin- kled the pieces on Ihc sidewalk in front of Ihc mission. The let- ter nMvised them lo make cnn- lacl with an organization de- scribed by Mrs. Dennison as "Cora Weiss" peace movement in New York." But the women ssid Ihey had already contacted this organiza- tion and il had no news concern- ing I heir husbands. "We have to have something Mrs. Dennison said. She explained that in order to persuade the U.S. government to change the status of their husbands from missing in action lo cither prisoners of war or (lead "we have to have some- thing formal cither from the U.S. government or Hanoi. They are only listed as missing in ac- tion now and Ihey might he thai way until the waV is over." Mrs. Dennisnn said "we were advised by French police lo write a formal Idler" lo the mission. But she said several fonnal Icllers had been written and several telephone calls had been made, all with no results. WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE EMA WEATHER BUNEAU (Weather Map, Pg. 7-A) ABILENE AND VICINITY [iO-mil- Pa-Ny clojdy and Iccay; c'ojdy witn scallered rah n-.cslly and coarer Vriih ThLTwljy. H'gh loday. near 70; lonkjM. becoming AJ per cent lomcrrow. ard low for 14-hours endir-g 9 am.: n and 17. H'gh art! lew sirr.e dale fast year: 7J ar-rj 35. Sunae! lail nighl: SLnriie Icday: simsel Sen. Byrd's Decision Jolts Virginia Tradition RICHMOND, Va. (AP) _ Sen. Harry F. Byrd Jr.'s declaration of independence from the Demo- cratic party has sent a shock wave through Ihe Virginia pa- lilical structure. The 55-ynar-old orchardisl and newspaper publisher, son of Ihc late U.S. senator who headed Virginia's dominant Democratic organization nearly 40 years, announced Tuesday he would leave the parly and seek re- clcclion in November as an inde- ppndcnl. lie said he "would rather be a free man than a captive .sena- tor." Byrd cited a slid parly loyal- ly oath adopted by the slate or- ganization lasl monlh as his- reason. "I cannot and will nol sign an oath (o vole for and support an individual whose idcnlily 1 do nol know and whose principles and policies arc thus said Byrd. "To sign such a blank check would be, I feel, the height of ir- responsibility and unworthy of a member of Ihc United States said Byrd, who firsl was appointed lo the Scnalc lo succeed his falnlly ill father in December IMS. lie won eleclitin lo the last four years nf lhat term in I960. Rep. fingers C. Morion, Ihc GOP National chairman, com- mented in Washing-Inn that Byrd's decision lo give up the Dcmocralic label "suggests an excellent opportunity for an out- standing Republican" lo cap- lure the Senate scat. Rcpublicas had wooed Byrd wilh Iho, hope he would jump parly alignments after they won Ihc Virginia governorship last fall for Ihc first time in a cen- tury. But (hey indicated they would field their own candidate. Slate GOP Chairman Warren French said Ilia! candidate "will win in November.'1 TJie now Hepublican gover- nor, l.itiwofld Ilollon, expressed the view lhat "Sen. Byrd should work within (lio framework of the two major parlies, whichev- er one suits him best." Liberal Democrats already had two candidates opposing Byrd for the nomination in the July is primary. They arc Charlotlesvillc !nw- ycr A.D. Edolson and George C. Rawlings, a former stale legis- lalor of Fredcricksbnrg. Rep. John 0. Marsh Jr. of Ihe .Shcnandoati Valley 7th District home area had an- nounced previously he would not run again as a Democrat bill did nol close the door on run- ning as an independent. The qualifying deadline for primary candidates is April IS, Byrd's father served as U.S. senator longer than any Virgini- an from March 4, 1933, lo Nov. 11, 1905 afler having served as governor from 102J3 lo 1930. His grandfather, Richard Ev- elyn liyrd, was speaker of I lie Virginia Ilousc of Delegates e.irly in Ihis cenlury, and with a greal uncle, Hep. Hal Flood, laid the foundation for Ihc Byrd organization lhat was dominant from 1925 lo IMS. The incumbent senator was elected a slate senator in IIU7 after naval duly in World War II and held the post 18 years un- til his appointment as a U.S. senator.