Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - January 12, 1970, Abilene, Texas gfetlene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOESVWE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 89TH YEAR, NO. 208 PHONE 6734271 ABILENE, TEXAS, 79G04, MONDAY EVENING, JANUARY 12, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Asiocinicd Tress (IP) IQc SUNDAY Biafra Ends Secession Effort LAGOS, Nigeria surrendered today after righting 30 months in an effort to enforce secession from Nigeria. Maj. Gen. Philip Effiong, left in charge in Biafra by Gen. C. Odutnegwu Ojukwu, told the na- tion in a broadcast: "I am con- vinced now Ihe struggle must be put to an end and stop the bloodshed tlial is going on He said he ordered a disen- gagement of Biatran army units and asked commanders to stop fighting. He appealed to the Nigerian leader, Maj. Gen. Yak- nbu Gowon, for an immediate cease-fire. He SEid he would apply to fed- eral unit, commanders al Biaf- ra's edges for conditions. Effiong, a 45-year-old member of the Efik minority tribe in Biatra, said: "Any question of a government in exile is repudiat- ed by our people." The surrender broadcast fol- lowed the capture by Nigerian, federal troops of Uli airstrip, Biafra's last link to the outside world. The strip came under massive air attacks that re- duced its roadbed runway to rubble, according to reliable sources in Lagos. Ojukwu, leader of Biafra in ils 32 months of secession from fed- eral Nigeria, tied Sunday for an unknown destination. The sources in Lagos said that before the ground troops moved in, llyushin 28 bombers flown by Egyptians rained bombs on the jungle airstrip and MlG17s piloted by white mercenary pilots strafed the strip with cahnnnfirc. Military sources said casual- ties were heavy among Biafrans who had assembled by the thou- sands in the area in hopes of catching a ride out of the crum- bling enclave. Marine commando troops by- st Div Is Part Of Viet Pullout By GEOKGE ESPER Associated Press Writer SAIGON (Al3) The U.S. Command announced today the major units among the American troops being wjlli- drawn from Vietnam by April 15. They include the 1st Infantry Division, Ihe 26th Marine Regi- ment and the 3rd Brigade of the 4th Infantry Division. Also pulling out will be three squadrons of the Air Force's 12lli Tactical Fighter Wing, Navy service support units and "a number of smaller combat support and service support units of all the com- mand said. These smaller unils will in- clude several artillery, batta- lions and a civil affairs compa- ny, it was learned. A 10 per cent cut is also being ordered in many headquarters staffs. Headquarters said the first units will begin moving-out ear- ly next month. The 1st Infantry Division was the first Army di- vision sent to Vietnam, years ago. The latest withdrawal, the third ordered by President Nix- on, will reduce the authorized U.S. troop ceiling in Vietnam to It will bring Hie total McCloud to Seek Appeal Court Post District Judge Austin McCloud of 32nd Judicial- District (Nolan, Mitchell arid Counties) today, announced his 'oaridid_acy: for "the Court or Civil Appeals, Hlri District, al Easlland. 'The lltli Appeals District includes 23 central and west central Texas Baylor, Bordeii, Brown, C a 1 1 a h a n Coleman, Comanche, Dawson, Easlland, Erath, Fisher, Haskell, Howard, Jones, Knox, Mitchell, Nolan, Palo Pinto, Scurry, Shackellord, Stephens, Stonewall, Taylor and Tnrockmorlon. McCloud declared his candidacy following Ihe announcement by Chief Justice Clyde Grissom that he would not seek re-election. Kaslland Court of Civil Appeals is recognized as one of the outstanding appellate courl.s of said McCloud, "and my candidacy is dedicated to the continuance of this outstanding service to the citizens and communities of our area under the laws of our state." McCloud has a background of private practice of law in Houston and Colorado City, and six years as a district court judge. He was appointed 32nd District Court Judge in 1S63 and has been re-elected twice without opposition _ Amusements 58 R-idq.? HA Classified 9-1 IB Comics SB Editorials 4B horojcopa B Hospilal Patients J OA Obituaries J.4r, Sports 14, ISA To Your GcccJ Health 6B TV Log 7B Women'-: News AUSTIN McCLOUI) 32ud District judge The judge is a graduate of National College of State Trial Judges, University of Nevada, and has recently had legal articles published in Trial Judges Journal and Trial Lawyers Forum. McCloud is chairman of the Law Enforcement Coordinating Board of West Central Texas Council of Governments. He is also president of the 16 county West Texas Girl Scout Council, and is currently a member of the Executive Commitlee, Judicial Section, State Bar of Texas. McCloud, a 40-year-old native West Texan, is a graduate of Texas Tech, and received his law degree, cum laude, from Baylor University. While in law school he served as editor ot Baylor Law Review. Judge, and Mrs. McCloud, a public school teacher, and their two daughters, reside in Colorado City- number of -American troops withdrawn since last July to The U.S. Command announce- ment said the men being withdrawn in llie next three months will include Army, Marines, Air Force and Navymen. A weekly summary also is- sued today by Ihe U.S. Com- mand showed that American troop strength in Vietnam dropped last week, to the lowest since Novem- ber 1967. This is men below Ihe present authorized ceiling, but U.S. spokesmen said troop strength around Ihe Christmas season always falls considera- bly below the authorized maxi- mum because rotation transfers lo Ihe States are expedited to get the men home for Christ- while replacements are of- ten delayed so the men can be home for Ihe holidays. Little fighting was reported today: Official sources disclosed lliat American forces three weeks ago uncovered a major North Vietnamese communications center that intercepted at least U.S. operational messages which presumably enabled ene- my troops to escape U.S. am- bushes, bombing and artillery strikes. The sources said there was no evidence that ihe inlerceptions resulted in any American deaths. Nor were the North Vietnamese able to break any offici.il codes, the sources re- ported. But they said many U.S. troops use unauthorized or "home-made" codes which (tie North Vietnamese easily deci- phered. TILOT WHALES ON BEACH IN FLORIDA iiiysicriatis mass swim puzzles officials and economic areas and I do have a great deal ol faith in the overall American system in (hat we will solve them in some manner." Commenting on Ihe local scene, Johnson said lhal Abilene should prosper by virtue of industrial expansion into less crowded areas and capilalizalion on the Southwest market. "In the future we will look toward population movement rather than population growth according to surveys reflected on planned parenthood he said. JOHN WRIGHT "Inflation will continue lo be the number one subject in Hie decade of the said John Wright, president of the First Slate Dank and new president of (he Abilene Industrial Foundation, Inc. he said, "Ihe rate of increase will be brought into acceptable percenlages in this period. The growing population will place new and additional demands on the economy for more goods and services. Rising costs will increase pressure on company profits, "But owners and managers wilfr imagination will find this decade exciting, challenging and rewarding. New methods must bo found (o cope witli rising cosLs and new avenues of income and profits must be sought. In this area prospects look particularly good (or this dccads." Wright believes (hat the acquisition of industries lo Abilene and the expansion of present "industries will provide a major thrust in Ihe local economy. "The continued expansion of cattle feeding in Uiis area will add growlli to this specific industry and also to (he many related lie said. Wright said the military, public and private schools and Sec BANKliBS, Pg. By ELLIK RUCKEH and BETTY GIUSSOM What Happened To S. 23rd Light? Q. Over a year ago, il was announced In the paper that a traffic light would he creeled at the jnlcrscclioii of Barrow and S. 23rd by December. Please (ell ns Mhaf ever happened lo fliat light, that is so badly needed. A. Bud Taylor, Traffic Engineer said the traffic depl. decided someplace else in town was in greater need o( lhal light. He says because of lack of funds the traffic dept. is unable to put traffic lights every place they are needed. Q. Can an iiislitiilion, such as a hospital, lie called n memorial hospital when (lie person it's named after is stilt living? I have looked through dic- tionaries and conclude memorial is for the dead. A. An institution can, and often is, named after a living person. Especially, when he lias made an outstanding contribution to that institution, says Ed Vaughn of llendrick Memorial Hospilal. For instance, the T. J. Hendricks were still living when the West Texas Sanitarium's name was changed to llendrick Memorial Hospilal. Q. What ever happened lo the country of Siani? I never hear anything about it anymore. A. It's Thailand now. The kingdom of Siam commemorated ils independence in 1939 by taking the name Muang Thai, or Thailand, which means "laud of Ihe free." When forced to be an ally of Japan in 1941 (luring the Second World War, il no longer felt "free" ami resumed the name Siam. In 1949 il restored the name Thailand. Q. Because of bad weather and snow I didn't gel (o sec "Chicken I.lltlc Walks Among at (he ACT. Will il ever be shown (o (lie public again? When? A. Sponsors are exploring the possibility of having Ihe show again but there' are no definite plans at this lime. Q. When and how often should small children he given small pax vacci- nations? A. The first one is supposed lo be given in the first [wo years of life, says an official at the City-County Health Office, the second when he enters kindergarten or school, and then one every 10 years there after. Q, I'm supposed (o be the sage aroimrl these parts, but I'm stumped. I can't answer a neighbor's questions as ID who Is Dow-Jones. Mr. Jones anil Mr.'Dow? Or some guy named Jones whose parents were hard up for a first name? A. Charles Dow (1851-1902) was n financial journalist and one of (he founders, wilh Krtwarel JOKCG, of ll-c Dow-Jones Company in November 1B82. Dow was the (ifst editor ol Ihe Wall Slrcel Journal and sole editor unlil his death, lie is generally credited with compiling the first average of stock prices in. 1884. passed Ogula and raced around a flank lo capture the airstrip late Sunday night, the sources said. liiafran regulars continued to resist on some other fronts but were reported drawing back uii- der heavy federal offensives. The key town of Orln, to which many government offices and the governments main radio transmitter were moved after Umuahia fell, was in danger of falling, mililary sources saiil Wilh the Nigerian forces close to victory over the secessionist slate, Biafra's leader, (Jen. C. Odumegwu Ojukwu, left the country, saying in a prerecord- ed radio address he was going in search of peace and that he hoped to return soon. Reliable reports said he had taken his family wilh him. Britain and the United Stales readied a massive airlift of food and medicine as soon as the Nigerian government gave Ihe word it would admit the planes. A British Royal Air Force plane was scheduled lo leave London loday with pounds of medical supplies, tlie van- guard of new government relief efforts for Ihe war's victims. A British cabinet minister was dispatched to consult with Nige- rian officials on the relief pro- gram, and preparations were rni'de to send in Hrilish medical teams, army trucks for con- voys, and engineers lo help re- pair roads, bridges and air- fields. President Nixon ordered eight C130 cargo planes on a standby alerl in the United Slates, wilh four helicopters to be earned as cargo. They awaited word from Lagcs Ibs; the Nigerian govern- ment would let them operate a relief mi. Canadian Foreign Minister Mitchell Sbarpe said his govern- ment also was making plans to provide transport, food, medical supplies and military observers to help achieve a just settle- ment. Hard fighting continued in the southeast corner of the former British colony as regu- lars resisted the progress of fed- eral troops. Mililary spokesmen in Lagos said there were heavy losses on both sides. Rock Pit Yields Bones Of Mammoth MIAMI (AP) A rock pit deep in (he Everglades has giv- en up bones that an archaeologi- cal society says could only be those of a hairy, curly tusked animal that roamed Ihe earlli more than 150 centuries ago. Six divers plunged into the rock pit, a 25-foot deep opening dug by construction crews work- ing on the Everglades Jetport, and came up with the bones. Sunday, the Miami-West India Archaeological Society idanli- Cied (he bones as the tootli and, part of (he backbone of a mam- rnolh. A spokesman for the society, whose members describe them- selves as Irained but nonprofes- sional archaeologists, said it was Ihe first lime mammoth bones had been found, ED far south in Florida. "This is going (o change said D. L. Von Burger, a former president of tlie socie- ty. "The archaeological legacy of South Florida is obviously grealer lhan we have been The pit, about 25 yards wide and 100 yards long, was aban- doned by construe! ion crews aft- er the rock in it dried too slowly lo be used for fill on the airport runway. It was then ignored un- til workmen noticed odd, fossil- ized bones and teelh dumped along its shore. "What they found had lo be a waler hole." Von Burger specu- lated. "The animals camo here to drink, lo fight and to din." WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ESSA WEATHER BUREAU IWtalhtr Wjp, Pi. IDA) ABILENE AND VICINITY radius> Parlly cloudy and cool parity cloudy lo cloudy aand conlLmrd InnY.ht and Tuesday. HTqh today And 50-iS; low tonight, 30-3S Winds, Itorir and varUble. Oullook tor Wednesday parity cloudy and cwt. HloTi and low for arxfiiu 9 a.m.: M nrxi 57. Hkjh and lew .limo date lail yctr: 51 and 31. Sunset lAlt nhjht; 3unrli4 today: mnwt Uyijtlh S.fJ. f.