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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - October 25, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES W E SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 82NDYEAR.NO. 131 ABILENE, TEXAS, PAGE ONE There was some bitterness in Glenn Meeks' voice as he talked about one of the telephones on desk at Municipal Airport, the one that has been ringing constantly since Tuesday. he asked, "is all this interest when we try to get folks thinking ahead about civil defense." A wave of excitement rippled out over the town's telephone lines after householders looked at their hole cards this week and found many of them hal little in the way of protection if the current crisis were to develop beyond the threat stage. They began asking questions: Where can I get a fallout shelter? Is my shelter adequate? Where is the nearest public shelter? If we were to evacuate, where would we go? How much time would we have? What food should I store away? The questions were pouring In Wednesday on the local Red Cross office, its director, OIlie Lena Olsen, said. They at times jammed the switchboard at City Hall, where the CD office, directed since the first of the month by Don Timberlake, is located. They swamped the phone at Airport Manager Meeks' desk because, although he step- ped out Oct. 1 as CD chief, his phone is still the one listed in the telephone book as "Civil De- fense" and he still answers those questions that have an- swers. The callers were, in fact, so busy Wednesday morning the telephone company's chief ope- rator office said extra operators had to be put on ''information" because of those in search of someone, to .answer Civil De- fense The CD official! can give some definite answers to the questions being put them. 1. Evacuation is not planned in any circumstance. If you move Abilene to Breckenridge, how would Breckenridge care for the visitors? If.Winters were to move to Bellinger it might meet Ballinger moving to Win- ters. 2. In case the disaster sirens were to sound off-schedule some tense day or night, tune radios to the Conelrad numbers, 640 and 1240. They are the fre- quencies nationally on which civil defense data and directions would be given for real. 3. A survey has been started of local buildings which might be used for emergency shelters but it is not complete and no emergencies supplies for such shelter: have been received from CD. 4. Printed material is avail- able on fallout shelters, on how they might be stocked. Beyond that, the nationwide complexities of a civil defense effort show locally. Some of the questions being asked by worried homefolk don't get satisfactory answers, part- ly, it is said, "because of partly because of local apathy, partly because of the enormous problems in- volved. Local civil defense is no longer Meeks' responsibility. But it was for many years and, be- tween answering the phone Wednesday, he expressed inter- est in the current interest. "Wonder how long it will last after the crisis is over if it it he said. By LANE TALBURT Reporter-News Staff Writer Texas has everything to gain in becoming a two-party state, Republican gubernatorial candi- date Jack Cox declared here Wed- nesday night." Cox asserted that his election would help create a favorable in- dustrial climate and would give the people a definite choice in without mentioning that he is a Donovan Geb Cuba Report ITHACA, N.Y. Prisoner- exchange lawyer James B. Dono- van said Wednesday night he had received a communication from Cuba concerning his to free Bay of invasion prisoners. Donovan, campaigning here for election to the U.S. Senate, de- clined "in the interest of the mis- ttan" to disclose the contents of the message. Donovan said he would "be up mart of the nighl on the tele, phone" because of the develop- limit. The Brooklyn Democrat, suffer- Inf from laryngitis, gave wrf tUURMBt to fiSa S96I 01 SVX31 SVTWO 3AV 3103 9908 xs oo 33IAH3S W ?OBEB PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Atioeieui (ff) COX CHECKS SIGNALS Republican gubernatorial candidate Jack Cox, right, discusses his area campaign with Hal Sayles, campaign coordinator for the 24th Senatorial District, shortly after arriving in Abilene Wednesday night for a brief stop, his last here before the Nov. 6 general election. (Staff Photo) Cox Claims Race Won political issues. Claiming that he has shaken more hands than any other can- didate for the state's highest of- :ice in Texas history. Cox confi- dently stated that "we have the campaign won." Bus Tour Slated Cox flew to Abilene from speak- ing engagements at Fort Worth and resumed his travels immedi- ately after a three-channel tele- vision question-and-answer ses- sion. Thursday he begins a two- day bus tour through Central Tex- as. During his four-hour stopover in Abilene, Cox also discussed cam- paign issues and conferred with rial Sayles. his 24th Senatorial District coordinator, before ap- pearing on television. In an interview at Abilene Municipal Airport, the candidate Tom Breckenridge predicted he will carry Taylor County in the Vov. 6 general election, along with other vote-heavy counties such as Harris, Dallas and Tar- rant, the home county of his Democratic opponent, John Con- nally. Cox also said his campaign in San Antonio, a Democratic strong- icld, has been improving daily. 'We have a far better organiza-' tion there than my opponent. We have been picking up tremendous support from Latin Americans throughout the state." The GOP nominee denied ru- mors of dissention within his party over the use of the word "independent" in his roadside billboards (which read "Independ- ent of Washington Republican. "I notice that a lot of Mr. Con- nally's literature doesn't have the name Democrat on Cox retorted. Returning Connally's criticism that the GOP state platform is full of generalities, Cox said, "We (convention delegates) hit the areas that we thought needed at- tention. That included education, industrial development, tourism and many items that are import- ant to the progress of the state. "We wanted a platform that the people would Cox said in explaining the brevity of the state platform. "We felt that if it were voluminous, it would be difficult for people to wade through "This platform was written at the state convention by conven- tion delegates. To the contrary, the Democratic platform was written before the delegates ever assembled and the delegates ac- tually had no voice in writing the platform at all." Answers 50 Questions During the hour. long question and answer period, Cox fielded some 50 queries, denying that he is a member of the John Birch See COX, Pg. 10-A, Col. 3 Ships Change Course Asks Delay In Quarantine UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (AP) Acting Secretary-General U Thant appealed Wednesday night to President Kennedy to suspend he naval arms quarantine on Cuba and to Premier Khrushchev a halt Soviet ships bearing arms to that country. He told the U.N. Security Coun- cil he had sent messages to the wo world leaders asking for a freeze of two or three weeks that would permit U.S.-Soviet negotia- tions. He offered them his good offices to assist in the talks. He sent a third message to Cu- ban President Osvaldo Dorticos and Prime Minister Fidel Castro recalling Dorticos' pledges of peaceful intent made in the Gen- eral Assembly. Thant read out to the 11-nation council the text of letters he sent to Kennedy and Khrushchev as the council met for additional de- bate on the Cuban situation. Diplomatic quarters were pes- simistic over chances of accept- ance by either Kennedy or Khrushchev. In Washington, the White House confirmed receipt of the letter. Press secretary Pierre Salinger said Kennedy would reply quick- ly, but that the exchange would not be made public there. Thant acted after representa- tives of smaller nations had urged him to sifek some sort of stand still agreement that would head off a possible military showdown n the Caribbean that could plunge the world into nuclear war. Thant declared the United Na- tions Is faced "by a moment of grave responsibility. 'What is at stake is not just interests of the parties direct- y involved, nor just the interests of all member states, but the very 'ate of mankind. If today the Unit- ed Nations should prove itself in- efective, it may have proved itself so for all time." After reading out the texts of the letters to the two world lead- ers, Thant added: "I now make a most solmen appeal to the parties concerned to enter into negotiations immediate- y, even this night if possible, ir- respective of any other pro- cedures which may be available, or which could be invoked." He said that during the 17 years that have passed since the end of World War II "there has never been a more dangerous or closer confrontation of the major sowers." Mahmoud Riad of the United Arab Republic submitted a resolu lion for his country and Ghana jroposing that Thant confer "with he principal parties concerned" in the Cuban crisis "on the imme- diate steps to be taken to remove Str UN, Pg. 10-A, Col. 3 10 JURORS NAMED Some Tactics of Estes' Defense Staff Revealed By FINIS MOTHERSHEAD TYLER defense be- gan to reveal some of its tactics Wednesday as it questioned pros- pective jurors in the Biliie Sol Estes theft and swindling trial. The selection of a jury went slowly. The court needs 32 tenta- jvely accepted jurymen from which the final 12 will be selected. The state and federal govern- ments accuse Estes of inducing aimers and others to sign mort- ;ages for fertilizer tanks which authorities say never existed. Estes sold these mortgages to Finance companies. Estes gave each fanner 10 per cent of the listed value of the :anks as a bonus for signing and agreed to lease the tanks back for a sum equal to the install- prospective jurors, made these contentions, expected to be the heart of Estes' attempts to free himself: 1. There was no fraudulent pre- tense in dealings with Wilson. An attorney dropped a cryptic state- ment indicating Estes may claim the tanks were actually delivered. 2. The mortgage signed by Wil- son was valueless and was not binding on Wilson. 3. The mortgage was the prop- erty of Estes, not Wilson. 4. There was no fraudulent pre- tense or Wil- son simply sold his credit to Estes for 17.300. formed about the Estes case to reach an unbiased verdict. The state objected to various questions put to the jurors by the defense. Hume Cofer of the defense asked a prospective juror if he would find Estes innocent if the defense established that a farmer accepted solely for signing a mortgage. The state contended the ques tion was improper and in effect asked the juror to pre-judge the asc. Texas Dist. Judge Otis T. Dun agan ruled Wednesday on the Fivemoreof the 32 needed ten-1 question. He said it could be tative jurors were selected! asked if the defense Included in Wednesday for a total of 10. Seven prospective jurors were ques- the question the point that the issue was a proper one only if ment payments. 'tioned before the five were ap- later in the trial the judge submit- The state claims In the case proved. ted that issue for the jury's con teit> trlal that Eltes swln' were 8leady died three formers, including T, J. Wilson, out of mortgages total- ing WTII.OOO, embezzled the mort- 1 agM MK) stole the the way from the defense. Almost Estes found time to get hair Invariably defense attorney John cut during the noon recess. Cofer would challenge the mating He went to barber named E. of MI Juror Pickle, Tyler, a fellow mm- HM MecM, fa vdUoniacadinttM to mil MM Ctad. at Ortt. U.S. Armada Contact By JAMES D. CAHY WASHINGTON viet bloc ships steaming toward Pf- Z-A- 4-A' an historic high seas showdown Iwith a massive U.S. fleet block- He was quoted as saying "we ading Cuba "appear to have ai- will do everything in our power" tered the Defense prevent war from breaking out. partment said Wednesday. j But he warned: A spokesman said "other ves- "We realize that sels are proceeding toward Cuba." should break out that it would be. He added that "no intercept has a nuclear war from very first lyet been backing This is very clear to us. an earlier Defense evidently it is not clear to news conference statement no Soviet ships had been stopped. CUBAN MISSILE SITES This map locates Cuban cities which Assistant Secretary of Defense Arthur Sylvester said Wednesday are sites for eight to 10 mis- sile bases. Sylvester said bases with about four rocket- launchers each were located near Guanajay, Rome- dios, San Cristobal and Sagua La Grande. (AP Wire- photo) Evidence Grows On Red Weapons WASHINGTON Pen- tagon said Wednesday night it has new aerial reconnaissance photo- graphs of Soviet ballistic missile bases in Cuba, "even more re- vealing" than those which led President Kennedy to order the quarantine action. Some of the new series of pic- tures were described as having been made at comparatively low level. This new reported evidence of a nuclear threat aimed at the United Sates increased specula- tion that this country might even- tually decide to take direct action aimed at eliminating the bases, in addition to stopping by blockade the arrival of any more offensive weapons in Cuba. Basic blueprints for invasion, for air attack and for many other types of operation exist in the huge stack of "contingency plans" kept in constant readiness by the joint chiefs of staff for all fore- seeable situations. Thus, both in- vasion and air attack plans for a possible Cuban operation almost certainly are in this stand-by file. A Pentagon spokesman would say only that it is proposed to get rid of the rocket and other offensive weapons in Cuba and that "we will use whatever action appeal's necessary to accomplish that, end." Asked if this included bombing of the sites, the spokes- man noted that "the President simply said that we will take fur- ther further ac- tion is required to achieve that objective." Congressional leaders of both parties made it clear that they realized the risk of nuclear ex- change was not only possible, but great. They seemed disposed to accept the risk. Here and there, through the secrecy curtain which had been dropped over all mili- tary activities, there were glimps- es of extensive preparatory moves being made. The scale and scope of the activities appeared to be The terse comments only par- ially dispelled the mystery shrouding the whereabouts and in- tentions of a reported 25 Soviet vessels believed bound for Cuba with more offensive missiles and bombers that the United States has proclaimed it will turn back, with force if necessary. The Miami Dafly News reported it had learned reliably that the Cuba-bound vessels had turned back. But Arthur Sylvester, as- sistant secretary of defense, told the news conference he could not 'either confirm or deny" that the ships had turned back. He refused to say whether there had been any contacts with the Communist ships. Still missing was any firm dence of whether the Soviet Un- ion might now or later head some or all of the ships into a full test of the American quarantine on of- government of the United. States of America." The White House declined com- ment and said it had received no new notes from Khrushchev. The See SHIPS, Pg. 10-A, Col. 14 Latest Cuba Moves Given In Outline By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Here are Wednesday's major developments in the Cuban cri- sis: air of confusion shrouded the outlook for a showdown over the U.S. arms quarantine of Cuba WEATHER MM. ft 3-A> VICINITY (Radius 40 ABILENE Clear to partly cloudy and lltlle warmer Thursda; and Friday. High rtays 75, Low Thursday nlKht SO. NORTH CENTRAL AND NORTHEAST lay ai Thui TEXAS: Clear to cloudy Thursday and Friday. Cool Thursday. Warmer Friday. Hlfh Thursday 65-71 NOKTHWEST TEXAS: Clear to cloudy Thursday and Friday, cooler Thursday. Warmer Friday. Hlsh Friday 58-65. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Cloudy Thursday and Friday with scattered ahowers south and along the coast. Cooler north Thun Tliuri Iursday and south Thursday nliht fifths north 78-A6 south. SOUTHWEST TEXAS: Cloudy Thursday and Friday. Hlllt Thursday 65 norUlwtal 71 aouiheasi TEMPEIIATIIIIKS W U a JJ 70 72 n TO Hltk and Kiw In J4 hours a.m.: 73 and 43. ..Him and tow same date t-M: wnrlM May: far larger than would be arms shipments a remagun statement that- some Soviet shisc merely to back up the Minister Fidel Castro's toward the airridda of quarantine force island ordered by The long-standing plan for Kennedy hi a nationwide U.S. naval vessels "ap- persing planes of the Strategic Air Command to widely Monday night. Kennedy said both medium to have altered course" while "other vessels are proceed- locations was going into range Soviet toward Cuba." Bombers showed up at the entire the Pentagon spokesman municipal already in Cuba, plus no Soviet ships had been The alert for air. ground bombers. The many hours after Presi- sea forces of the United into effect at 10 a.m. Kennedy by proclamation put was confined not only to effect at 10 a.m. EDT the country. It had been air of slightly easing on deliveries of offen- seemed to be seeping into arms to Cuba. NEWS crisis, fed both by the reports the Red bloc ships Soviet Foreign Ministry sent back to the U.S. Embassy course or turned back copy of the proclamation, an SECTION a statement by Soviet amounting to Soviet rejec- that he supports of the U.S. ultimatum. Oil meeting to discuss the radio broadcast a SECTION by Soviet Premier Women's news 2, radio broadcast the to British philosopher Qbituotics a Khrushchev message to Russell saying "We will phiiospher Bertrand Russell the premier said a everyl at the highest level would war. Khrushchev said "meeting at the highest level Editorials Radio-TV loss to discuss all questions that arisen and to eliminate be useful to discuss all TV Scout Farm news, markets of nuclear EVENTS, Pg. 10-A, Col. 4 Khrushchev Says With Kennedy By GEORGE Russell also called on piratical threats which an MOSCOW (AP) in a second message with the most serious con- Khrushchev, calling for a to "make a meeting, urged Wednesday reply to Mr. fully UN the United States stay its hand overture and avoid the Cuban crisis to quench Russian ships long "that if war should threat of thermonuclear war. make meeting and out that it would be a nu- Soviet Union will take no war from the very first less decisions, he said, but told Khrushchev: This is very dear to us. act if the United States world will bless you if evidently it is not clear to out "piratic actions." "As long as rocket in avoiding war." The Khrushchev reply did government of the United weapons are not put into play the central issue of America." is still possible to avert the United the at resistance to any U. establishment of Navy search of Soviet mer- "The question of war and in Cuba under Soviet he said that if the is so vital that we should But he accused the States persists in iU "pir- er useful a top-level meeting of hatred of the then "we, of course. order to discuss all people and of "election have to resort to of which have arisen, to do against the aggressor." thing possible to remove the was no immediate have no other way ger of unleashing a from the State asserted. ar Washington. One source the Cuban situation Khrushchev's comment came conclusion should be a crisis, President Ken- a message to Bcrtrand Khrushchev's words until said he would welcome British philosopher who had known how Soviet with Khrushchev if the pre- a message to the Soviet meet the U.S. naval went to the United States appealing to him "not to be meetings of the U.N. General voked by the unjustifiable the message, broadcast Diplomatic sources in of the U.S. in Cuba." Russell radio, Khrushchev suggested there had sent a message to President Soviet Union will take no feelers from Washington on nedy calling the U.S. decisions or "be provoked subject action a threat to human actions of the were in lot- and urging him to "end this that Minhrter Harold will do everything in was considering a ness Upon receipt of to prevent he to Washington to ttt Ken- message, the 90-year-old philoso- 1 Khrushchev used these words pher dispatched another telegram from London urging the Soviet premier to "hold back ships in Cuban waters Song enough for Washington to reverse itself on the quarantine: "The Soviet government considers that the government of has been no four-power summit meeting since Kennedy took office, but the U.S. PreeMent has met separately with IK __ j Mcure American agreement must display Macmillan and your propoMl." Mrva and stay de GMlkt FIMM
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