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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 28, 1962, Abilene, Texas "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTL> 82ND YEAR, NO. 73 ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY MORNING, AUGUST 28, 1962-TWENTY-TWO PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS Pnn (IP) PAGE Supt. A. E. Wells is glad his audience last week didn't have up-to-the latest moment news of happenings in his home town of Abilene. The superintendent was at Texas A4M for a couple of days to take part in an insti- tute. The time of his absence happened to be the time van- dals chose to do senseless dam- age to public school property. The institute in which Wells participated was on police-com- munity relations. His audience: Policemen. "If they'd known what was going on they might have sug- gested I be home putting my Ideas into practice." The week end rains which broke the severe downstate drought missed the Abilene area but don't fret. The West Texas Fair will hold forth week after next, Sept. 10- 15. It nearly always rains during the Fair. It rains, that is. except during some moments for which the Fair takes out rain insurance. Looking through a history of the Fair prepared by William Richard Kohl as a Hardin-Sim- mons master's thesis you can eee the Fair is a damp institu- tion. In 1899. .in 1900 "rain of from 7 to 9 inches. in 1927 .1930. .1941. .1944. .1945 .1957. 1958 with three solid days ot rain 1961 w i t h Carla. With the Fair on more stable economic basis these years a rain isn't so disastrous. .rain is sorta "budgeted Fair Prexy James Conlan says. But rain in the Fair's earlier touch- days was dreaded menace. So, in 1927, it came about, out of desperation, the Fair bought what is believed to be its first rain insurance, reports John Ray, Fair treasurer at the time. The late W. J. Fulwiler Sr. was Fair president, T, N. Cars- well was chamber of commerce manager and a wonderful Fair was booked. Early Monday it got off to 8 roaring start downtown. Charles Lindergh. fresh from conquest of the Atlantic, visited town and the crowds poured in. Then it started raining. Mon- day afternoon, Monday night, ill day Tuesday. Frantic Fair- men took the leap. They bought costly rain insurance to cover Wednesday and Saturday. Cost for the two days was Kohl says. The sun came out and Wed- nesday was shiny. Thursday it poured rain. Friday was so-so and Saturday there was just enough rain for the Fair to collect "Grady Kinsolving used to point out we had the Fair at the rainy season, the Ray recalls. "Sheriff (Will) Watson re- minds us nowadays of the equi- says John Womble, long associated with the Fair as a C-C man and later as a busi- nessman. Certainly, as summer's heat fives way it is liable to rain. And from time to time the Fair has purchased rain insur- ance for protection. But in recent years, C-C Man- ager Joe Coolcy says, the rain and the insurance have never collided. The Fair has had rain but never at the time and In the amount called for by rain insurance. "In 1958 we outsmarted the Cooley says rut- fully. "We didn't buy ram insur- ance. H rained. Three days "Buy rain insurance and weather is fair; don't buy it. and ft summarizes Worn- Me president of that wet '58 show. Which risk to run spend the money for premiums when the tun is shining or worry about wash-ouls, that's the an- nual Fair problem. As of Monday, Conlan laid, a decision hasn't been maJe on the 'IB show. The equinox won't come until a week after the Fair autumn will stnrt at a.m. on .Sept. M. But it cnuld rain. Or, it could bt M tunny as August. :hat widespread bribery figured in Texas' slanted well oil scandal, profits. Their statements capped a busy day in a legislative hearing seek- ng to lay bare details of opera- ions said to involve millions of dollars. The chief of the state agency controlling the oil industry said VENUS FLIGHT Drawing indicates approximate path of the Mariner 2 spacecraft launched Monday from Cape Canaveral, Fla., toward the planet Venus. The spacecraft is expected to view the sunlit side of Venus on its Dec. 14 arrival. (AP Wirephoto Drawing) Spaceship Bound For Planet Venus By HOWARD BENEDICT CAPE CANAVERAL. Fla. (AP) Mariner 2 spaceship ped toward an intended Decem- ber rendezvous with the planet 'enus after several anxious hours Monday when project scientists eared the craft was too far off ourse to carry out its mission. Jubilant officials announced late londay after exhaustive study of racking data that "the space- raft is on a trajectory that can )e corrected to make it fly by 'enus within a distance of as planned." They reported that the 447- iound space voyager had been iropclled only 250.000 miles off ourse instead of the miles ndicated by early figures. If the United States' newest ilanetary explorer completes its ssignment after a 180-million- ile journey it will provide the n-orld's first closeup look at mys- eries of the puzzling planet. Among other things, Mariner 2 ould determine whether life as -e know it exists on Venus, some- ning doubted by most scientists. Mariner 2 carries a tiny 37.3- wund motor capable of correct- ng a trajectory error up to XX) miles. If applied to the igure, firing the motor would Nave brought Mariner 2 only with- n miles of be- [ond the maximum ange officials set for obtaining iseful data about the mysterious, :loud-shrouded planet. Throughout the day, scientists pored over radio data, crossing their fingers that the initial in- formation readout was in error. When computers produced the lower figure, they set to work pre- paring precise formulas needed for the critical firing of the ace- in-the-hole motor in eight days, on Sept. 4. They tempered their optimism with statements cautioning that many things still must occur in the eight days before a signal is sent to fire the motor. They noted that all communi- cations, data-gathering and other systems were working perfectly, but that electronic bugs or space as radiation, vary- ing temperature and meteorites- could ruin parts of the experi- ment. Even if the midcourse maneuv- er does work, they said, the Mari ner 2 would still face formidable hurdles. Mariner 2 was thrown off course by a slight roll motion executed by the first stage of the Atlas- Agena booster rocket shortly after it blasted into the early morning darkness from Cape Canaveral. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration labeled the rolls normal dispersions in the Atlas which "put the 447-pound spacecraft miles off its course to intercept the planet." This deviation, however, is well within the correction capability of the midcourse motor on Mari- ner. Bribery in Slanted Hole Case Claimed State Employes Figure in Probe By FINIS MOTHERSHEAD DALLAS (AP) Texas Atty. Gen. Will Wilson declared Monday were asked not to photograph be- cause of his undercover role with the Texas Department of Public jnd an undercover agent said two Safety. Read reported field test state employes shared in illegal crews have fourtd 120 wells angled to tap other leases and estimated "there must be that many more." Three-Day Hearing The three witnesses were the first called at what the Texas House General Investigating Com- mittee said would be at least a three day hearing. Rep. Charles earlier that stiff new regulations Banrnan of Borger, chairman. are being readied to prevent fu- ure angling of wells underneath someone else's property. Without giving details, state po- ice intelligence agent George said there was evidence that wo men who worked for the Tex- is Railroad Commission received money paid into bank accounts from proceeds of illegally de- viated wells. Two Named Read named the two as L, Dwight Murphy, formerly Kilgore district engineer with the commis- sion, and Nelson Decker, an in- speclor in Ihe same office of the oil control agency. Read said joth men have been fired. W. J. Murray Jr.. chairman of :he Ihree member Railroad Com- mission, testified earlier that "it evidently took a very careful, clever conspiracy11 to cover up deviated drilling in official reports to the commission. There was testimony too that a 'ive month-old investigation may ive detected no more than half the number of illegally sunk wells, centering so far in the vast East Texas Field. WEATHER This word likewise came from Read, whose face cameramen Iffealher Man. Pafr !-B> ABILENE AND VICINITY (Radius 40 miles) Fair and mild throuch Wed- nesday High both days SS. low Tuesday iJRhl 65. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Clear to cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday, sraller- ed Ihundersnowers extreme south Tues- day and east and south Wednesday. Warm er north Tuesday, cooler northwest Wed- nesday. Hich Tuesday M-9R. NORTHWEST TEXAS Fair Tuesday. Cloudy Tuesday night and Wednesday. Cooler Panhandle Tuesday .ittcrnoon. iigh Tuesday 90-9B. SOUTHWEST TEXAS Clear to cloudy and mild Tuesday and Wednes- day with scattered afternoon thunder- showers mostly south. HiBh Tuesday in TEMPERATURES eg............ 5-ro 91 S-M...........93 67 93 64 92 gi 6-00 91 64 M 74 81 81 79 85 87 88 HiEh and low for 24-hours enninn 9 94 and 61. High and low name date last year: 90 last nisht: sunrise today: sunset tonight: Barometer reading at 9 p.m.: 28.11. Humiditr at 9 p.m.: 35 tier cent.____ said the committee will meet here again Sept. 10 to go into other; evidence in the same case. Wilson and David A. Witts, gen- eral counsel for the legislative group, both asserted bribes have been given and taken in the slant- hole scandal. Detailing developments since the attorney general's office was asked to take a hand last April, Wilson said it soon became "fair- ly evident that large bribes had been paid to one or more mem- bers of the Railroad Commission staff." Wilson Statement In view of Ihe legislators' pri- mary aim of considering whether there is need for remedial legis- Wilson said: "In my judgment, too much dis- cretion rests in minor employes of the (Railroad) Commission withoul any effective means for testing or checking the accuracy of their work." The attorney general called for further investigation and for steps to see "that both the bribers and hribees are presenled lo Ihe prop- er grand juries." Read said he and Texas Ranger Jim Ray were delailed lasl April B lo undercover work in Ihe drill- ing probe and one of Iheir first steps was to confer with Murray, the railroad commission chair- an. Murray "expressed concern over some of his Read testified, and he named four Murphy, Decker. Robert Mathews and Henry Stewart Read said Murphy and Decker subsequently Action Completed On Poll Tax Bill House Sends Satellite Bill To President for Approval By GEOFFREY GOULD WASHINGTON (AP) After a 40-minute debate, the House passed the controversial commun- cations satellite bill Monday and sent it to President Kennedy. The vote was 372 to 10. The House accepted several Senate amendments to the bill, thus averting any chance for an- other filibuster by Senate oppo- nents. The Senate passed the measure to 11 Aug. 17 after invoking its rarely used cloturc rule to a week-long fili- buster. Had the House insisted on send- ing the hill to a joint conference committee to adjust differences in details, the Senate critics could have renewed the fight. Chairman Oren Harris, D-Ark. of (he House Commerce Commit- tee told the "our nation needs H. It il now, and without further delay." Harris said the Senate version retains the private profit -making principle for the proposed satt.llitt corporation and in fully accept Mr to the President. The bill would M( up priyate orporation, with strict govern- ment controls, to operate a net- ork of satellites that will relay icssages and pictures to any point on earth. Existing communications com- anies would be authorized to buy p to 50 per cent of the voting Don't Need It? Mil it with a Rcperttr- Classified Typewriter toblw, deskt end other school needs are in de- mand. You con convert the you no longer need into cash with an incxrwnsivf clou- Died ad. coll OR 2-7841 to place your slock, and the general public the ithcr half. Rep. W. R. Poage, D-Tex., one jf nine House members who voted against the House bill last May, said "I know of no reason why he government should give up ownership" of the revolutionary new communications system. He contended the American Tele- phone k Telegraph Co., also as the Bell System, would dominate the board of directors. "I've seen times when Bell didn't pay its fair share and I don't know that the leopard has changed its Poage said. Rep. William Fills Ryan, D-N.Y., cited the charges of "gi- gantic giveaway" that have been made against the bill by former President Harry S. Truman and others. 'It means that we hnnd over to a private monopoly the fruits of vast public Ry- an said. He said the government has financed the space research that made piwsihle Tclslar. ATiT's first experimental relay satellite lhal already has carried lelcvi- lion ICCOM DM Atlantic to undergo lie ests while other commission em- oyes assented and in his opinion gave truthful answers. Bank Accounts Shortly before the hearing was for the night, Wilson ask- ;d Read to tell about checking 'arious bank accounts and "the low of money from leases with deviated, wells to Decker and Mur- phy." In this connection, Read said he ound the "Haskell Carter trustee" account in the South Main Street Bank in Houston, opened in the all of 1958 and closed last June, landled about Wilson then nterrupted. and said a member his staff would give details bout the matter later. Read also mentioned without elaborating that he had visited at cngth in Pittsburgh, Pa., with a Haskell Carter, who was not furth- er identified. Trustee Account The undercover agent said he ound another trustee account in Dallas bank under the name jf Mrs. R. C. Brin, and said she s a sister of Mrs. Nelson Decker. le quoted Mrs. Brin as stating icr late husband first agreed to ict as trustee for oil leases in vhich Decker, than a railroad commission employe, held inter- ests. At another point Read said he lad learned of at least five drill- ng contractors with a record of sinking illegally slanted wells. He named them as the Gibson Broth TS Co., Carter Jones Drilling Co., George Jordan. United Drilling Co. and they called 'Pappy Yoachum.' NEWS INDEX SICTION A Obituiriii 2 Sptrti ____ Oil IMWI 10 JICTION I WMIMD'I MWI UJtorieb Cmifet TV mwi, fnifwtt TOP SEEDED Young Sharon Laskowski, 8, of Warren, Mich., dug right in and came up with a smile, a watermelon seed on her nose and a blue ribbon Monday in the watermelon eating contest at the Michigan State Fair, She was first place winner in the 8- to 10-year-old class. (A By GARDNER L. BRIDGE WASHINGTON (AP) The louse capped a 23-year-old battle ilonday by completing congres- sional action on a proposed con- stitutional amendment to outlaw he poll tax as a requirement for noting in federal elections. The measure, which passed the ienate by a vote of 77 to 16 on March 27, now goes to the states' legislatures. Ratification by three-fourths, or 38, of the states is required to put the of 45 non-poll tax states on the 5 other states. The five states that still have a poll tax are Alabama. Arkan- sas, Mississippi, Texas and ginia. Ratification of the amend- mend would bar them from re- quiring 'payment" of the tax'as an man- qualification for voting in presi- His wife. 84, is suffering from dentia] and congressional and minor injuries received .ions. They could still enforce the'in the same assault. levy, if they wished, m state and! Williams was attacked about 10 amendment into effect. The legis- atures have seven years in which 0 act. The House vote was 294 to 86, well above the two-thirds major- ty required for passage. Voting or the resolution were 162 Democrats and 132 Republicans. Against it were 71 Democrats and 15 Republicans. President Kennedy issued this statement: "Today's action by the House of Representatives in approving he poll tax amendment culmi- nates a legislative effort of many, many years to bring about the end of this artificial bar to the right to vote in some of our states. This is a significant action which 1 am confident will be approved quickly by the required 38 state egislatures." Southerners and some Northern members fought a stubborn but utile rear guard action against he proposal. Rep. Howard W. Smith, D-Va. cader of the Southern opposition, ocal elections. Smith and other Southern lead ers delayed a vote for several Graden Howell and Bob Broughton lours with a series of parliamen-, found the man in a pool of blood tary maneuvers, including de-jon his front porch when Mrs. Wil- mands for quorum calls and for ------J Man, 90, Hurl By Inlruder BIG SPRING (RNS) Stanley in Howard County Hospital Foun- dation with critical injuries suf- fered Sunday night following an p.m. Sunday by a Negro man wielding a rifle. Police patrolman reading of the journal. Speaking in behalf of the meas- ure, Rep. Emanuel Celler, D-N.Y., Hams summoned them. Her account of the attack was j hazy because of her condition. me, iwjj. liinaiiuc. Officcrs were partially able said the platforms of both majorjto fim, out what toofc She parties called for abolition of the hcr nusbanri had gone poll tax. How Texons Voted On Poll Tox Bill WASHINGTON (AP) Here is how Texas representatives voted on a proposed constitutional amendment to abolish the poll tax in federal elections: said that her husband had gone to bed about 10 p.m. and that as she went to lock the front door a man carrying a rifle forced his 'way in and demanded money. When she returned with it she, also carried a .22 caliber pistol. The Negro then struck Mrs. Williams with the butt of the rifle and the commotion brought. Mr. Williams to the scene. The intruder knocked him down ine imruuei ruiumeu uunu Democrats for: Brooks. Gonza- Mfs williams said lez, Rutherford, Thomas, Thorn- h husband wry and Young ti knocking him around Democrats against: Beckworth Burleson, Casey, Dowdy, Fisher Kilgore, Mahon, Patman. Poage, Purcell, Roberts, Rogers. Teague, protested that adoption'of theiThompson and Wright. amendment would impose the will I Republicans against: Alger. front porch. She then gave what money thert was in the house (around to the man and he left. HUNGER A PROBLEM Veiled Algerian Women Ask for Bread, Freedom ALGIERS (A) Several hun- dred veiled Moslem women marched through the streets of Al- giers Monday, clamoring for bread anri freedom from the cap- ital's military rulers. Some were accompanied by chil- dren as they spilled out of the ancient Casbah. carrying banners and chanting slogans. Troops of the., guerrilla Wilaya done) 4 occupying the city made no attempt to disrupt the demon- stration, which underlined ris- ing anger of Algeria's hungry masses. To tht went, military rallied to the wpport of Ahmed Ben Bella and appealed to the people to form vigilance commit- tees against the guerrilla chief- tains in Algiers. The guerrilla army of Wilaya 4 has forced Ben Bella to abandon, at least temporarily, efforts to function as a leader in Algiers, in effect vetoing his bid to form a central government in the capital. His Political Bureau, thus crip- pled, announced last Saturday that it could no longer function here. In the prepared text of its announcement tlw bureau said it could no longer "function useful- ly" becauM o( guerrilla army pressures. When bureau spokes- man Mohammed Khider read announcement to reporters, conspicuously omitted the word "usefully." The general staff of the man regular army at Oran in western Algeria, the city to which Ben Bella and most of his Politi- cal Bureau retired, accused Al- giers' guerrillas of "irresponsibli nets obstructing the rebirth of Uw 'it'called Ben seven-man body which failed to get off the "only Wtbof-
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