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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 26, 1962, Abilene, Texas f fjc IbOene "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT 82ND YEAR, NO. 10 _____________ g egg Ot__________ ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY M< SVX31 SVTIVO -TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS 3AV 3100 Aitociattd Prea (IP) 9909 XB oo High Court Bans School Prayers YA AIN'T GONNA MAKE A KITE OUTTA' MY BLANKET Four month old Jimmy Ray Pierce makes it clear to older br.other Jeffrey, IVz, that he his blue blanket to meet with the same fate as that of Linus Van Pelt, character in comic strip whose sister Lucy cut up his blanket and made a kite from it and then carelessly lost it in the clouds. Jeffrey and Jimmy Ray are the sons of Mr. and Mrs. Fred Pierce, 300 Grape St.; Julia Kay McNew. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Don Me- New of 1248 Mimosa, seems to be completely uncon- cerned about the extensive search, being carried on for Linus' blanket. However, she is making certain the same thing doesn't happen to her blue blanket as she holds a scissor grip on it while she takes an after- noon nap. (Staff Photos by Henry Wolff Jr.) By JERRY T. BAULCH WASHINGTON Su preme Court declared Monday the Constitution is violated by any requirement that, a public school teacher lead her pupils in prayer. "It is no part of the business of government to compose official prayers for any group of Ameri- can people to recite as part of a religious program carried on by Justice Hugo L. Black said in delivering the 6-1 decision. It doesn't matter that the pray- er is denominationally neutral, jlack said, or that it is voluntary for the students to recite it. "When the power, prcftige and inaricial support of government s placed behind a particular re- igious he declared, "the ndirect coercive pressure upon minorities to conform to he prevailing officially approved religion is plain." Black read the 15-page opinion i quiet tones to a more-than- usually hushed audience jammed with tourists on the wind-up day of the 1961-62 court term. The ustices.are not scheduled to meet again until Oct. 1. The flood of last-day opinions and orders included these other major decisions in which the court: -Agreed for the first time to hear test cases next fall involving sit-in trespass convictions. These nvolve Negroes arrested for re- fusing to leave "white only" lunch counters and a private amusement park when told to do so by the management. a major antitrust suit, ruled that Brown Shoe Co., one of the nation's largest shoe firms, must get rid of its interest in another By Katharyn Duff I A garage sale is a sale in a garage. But the items offered in ex- change for money run not to carburetors and bolts but to glassware, kitchen gadgets, drapes, clothing and various household appointments. The merchant is the house- wife and the goods arc assem- bled because of a house-clean- ing, a change in decor or a simple determination to be rid of excess equipment. The garage sale results in some dollars for the seller, bar- gains for the buyer, a lot of hard work, some fun and the making of new acquaintances. Take, for example, a couple of garage sales listed lately in our classified ads. One was staged by a couple of Dyess wives, Mrs. Jim Wray, wife of a colonel in the 819lh division, and Mrs. John Heath, wife of a missile squadron ma- jor. It was in the Heath ga- rage, 2150 Woodridge, a couple of weeks ago. The other was the project of four General Dynamics wives, Mrs. .Dub Hill, Mrs, Kirk Moore, Mrs. Michael Hogue and Mrs. Dale Taylor. It was in the Taylor garage, 1818 Yorktowa, last Thursday and Friday. (If you doubt the cosmopol- itan flavor our town had taken on, consider this: Mrs. Wray is a Louisianian, the colonel is from Iowa, the Heaths are from California and the two couples were, before coming lately to Abilene, stationed in Alaska. Mrs. Taylor is from Kansas, Mrs. Hogue from Indiana, Mrs. Moore from Missouri and Mrs. Hill is the lone Abilene repre- sentative in the group.) The Wray-Hcath garage sale NEWS INDEX SECTION A Spofti 3-7 Oil 11 SECTION Wemen'i mwi........2, 3 AtnvMKMnti 4 Cental S UMerieh Wltuerlei 10 TV Sew; turn MWI i.......... 11 was a big one. (It brought in "We had always given our stuff away, to a church or to the Salvation Mrs. Heath says. "But I had heard about garage sales and Ann (Mrs. Wray) had. So we decided to have one." The two got together some splendid things. Mrs. Wray had lately changed her home from Early American to formal de- cor. Her mother had lately closed a large home. There were excess items which both house- holds had accumulated goods which menace weight allowances on military movings. There were drapes "Curtains never fit when you Mrs. Heath points out. So, a garage sale. In staging a sale you clean the garage, gather the goods and advertise the sale in the classified section to which bar- gainscekers look. (Another good first step, Mrs. Heath suggests, is to pick a time when husband is to be away for the household routine is bound to be abused. The Gen- eral Dynamics wives say, on the other hand, husbands are good The goods are moved out, tagged with prices (which just might be reduced a bit) and displayed on all available tables. The Hill Moore Hogue- Taylor team used colored price tags, a color for each, and after the storm passed sorted the tags and matched money so each could get her share of "profits." The Hill Moore Hogue- Taylor sale had glassware for five cents, children's dresses for a dime. The goods were just about sold out and brought be- tween and The Wrny-IIeath sale, which could have served some more customers, had lovely goods at a fraction of original cost. A stove costing went for i Rul, an automatic coffee not lacking a 75-cent element didn't sell for when the new cord on It cost more than that.) There are bargains to be had at a gnrage sale, gals, so bet- ter watc'i the ads for them. iiStrike Controls Eyed by Solons WASHINGTON (AP) Faced with a deadlock in the tangled air- ine labor situation, some senators began talking Monday of seeking lew laws to cope with the prob- lem. A strike already has grounded Eastern Air Lines, and Pan American W o r 1 d Airways is .hreatened with a shutdown Tues- day. Secretary of Labor Arthur J. Goldberg reported Pan Ameri- can negotiations were still dead- ocked, and the talks were re- cessed to prepare for a court learing in New York on Tuesday. Goldberg met for only about an lour with representatives of East- ern and the flight engineers union and then recessed the talks indef- initely subject to call. Goldberg said that like the Pan American situation the Eastern negotiations are deadlocked. The Federal Aviation Agency- struck Monday at the engineers' chief claim that an engineer iiolding a powrpiiint mechanic's icense is needed in the cockpits for safety's sake, N. E. Haiaby, FAA administra- tor, said the agreement worked out to end a strike against Trans World does not in- clude the license no way impairs safety. He said at a news conference in Santa Barbara, Calif.: "Any spokesman of the flight engineers association who claims that air safety is involved, or compro- mised, is just irresponsible and distorting the situation for his own Unstable Air Triggers Rain Unstable air between and feet aloft Monday nigh' triggered light showers over i wide area. A similar situation will prevail Tuesday, David McLaugh- lin, meteorologist at the weather bureau, reported. Only a trace of rain had fallen at the Municipal Airport weather station late Monday. Rule report- ed the largest rainfall, with .2( of nn inch. Two towns reported .10 of an inch, Hamlin and Stam- ford. Traces of rain were reported al Anson, Coleman, Eastland ami Tuscola. WHERE IT RAINED EASTLAND................Trace HAMUN RULE STAMKOI1D TUSCOLA ,10 end." Sens. A. S. Mike Monroney, Okla., and Wayne Morse, D-Ore., both said Congress may have to et soon to establish a federal ioard to deal with airline jurisdic- Jonal dispute that unions cannot iettle by themselves. Monroney, chairman of the Sen- ate Aviation subcommittee, called Goldberg in for a conference but .he labor secretary declined later to say whether the administration is considering backing such legis- lation. The.idea, would be to ban airline strikes over job rights disputes and require them to be decided by a board, with decisions enforceable by the courts. The government pushed ahead meanwhile with talks aimed al ending the two-day shutdown ol Eastern. Negotiations to head a threatened similar walkout on Pan American, the nation's overseas carrier were suspended pending Tuesday's court hearing. Pan Am is seeking an injunction against a strike. The government was trying to get the Flight Engineers Interna- tional Association, AFL-CIO, to Trace agree to the same terms for ABILENE Municipal Airport Total for Year.......... 10.79 Eastern and Pan Am that Gold- berg succeeded. In getting the Normal for Year 10.29 0--.---0 DYESS AKB ..........Trace union to accept last week In pre- ANSON ................Tj'ace venting a threatened strike on COLEMAN Trans World Airlines. The union's officials on Eastern .10 and Pan Am were adamantly op- .20 posed to accepting the same ruling terms for member: on these air lines. from the South where the Su- preme Court already is unpopular [or its numerous rulings on Negro rights. Eep. George Andrews, D-Ala., summed up one viewpoint, saying: "They put the Negroes in the schools and now they've driven! God out." "The next thing you know, they'll be telling us we can't open our daily House sessions with said Rep. Howard W.j Smith, D-Va. Justices Felix Frankfurter and Jury Selection Opens In Estes' Theft Trial }ig shoe firm, G. Chief Justice Earl Kinney Co. Warren de- livering the opinion said this fol- lows a mandate of Congress that tendencies to concentration 'mlustry must be curbed their incipiency, particularly when :hose tendencies are accelerated through giant steps striding across 100 cities at a time." to bar from the mails magazine featuring nude men. Speaking for the 6-1 majority Jus- tice John M. Harlan said, decline to attribute to Congress any such quixotic and deadening purpose as would bar from the mails all materials, not patently offensive, which stimulate impure desires relating to sex." The prayer ruling prompted sharp criticism from some mem- bers of Congress, especially those CHURCHES, SOLONS Byron R. White took no part in the school prayer ruling, the most momentous pronouncement on the doctrine of separation of church and state in many years. It follows two separate rulings that while religious instruction cannot be conducted on public school property, pupils may be re- leased during school hours for such instructions elsewhere. Ear- lier, the court upheld reimburse- ment of parents for expenses of bus transportation to parochial as well as public schools. Specifically, Monday's ruling to- validated a New York Board of Regents recommendation calling for the recital Jf a 72-word prayer at the start of eseh school day. Pupils could remain silent while these words were said: "0 mighty God, we acknowledge our dependency upon Thee and we beg Thy blessings upon us, our parents, our teachers and our country." The lone dissenter, Justice Pot- See COURT, Pg. 3-A. Col. J PECOS, Tex. (AP) Billie Sol Estes asked for and reveived Mon- day an immediate trial on one of eight state charges for felony theft. When the first day's session ended at 10 p.m. altorneys had completed the examination of 20 veniremen but had not selected any members of the jury. Ten of the original 44 veniremen had been excused for various reasons and 14 more were tgld to return for further questioning at 9 a.m. Tuesday. Both Dist. Atly. R. B. McGowen and John Cofcr, attorney for Estes, followed the unusual pro- cedure of directing their questions to the veniremen as a group as they sat in court. Their questions were general, mainly whether any veniremen had done business with Estft, whether they were prejudiced against him or whether they had been influenced by the large num- ber of newsmen who have been in this West Texas city of from time to time since the col- lapse of Estes' multi million dol- lar fertilizer, cotton and grain stor- age empire. The Reeves County Grand Jury returned eight indictments against; Esles on April 26 charging felony theft in the sale of anhydrous am- monia fertilizer tanks. The indictments were based on sworn complaints by six Reeves County farmers who said that Estes took a total of from them. Estes is being tried only on the charge that he took from Thomas A. Bell. If convicted he faces a sentence of three to ten years in prison. court no reason for asking for an immediate trial and did not make available to newsmen. that in either event the state would no inkling an Estes trial was in Decision Brings Sharp Reaction By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A New York State education of- icial expressed disappointment Monday at the S. Supreme Court decision outlawing prayer in public schools while a Jewish lead- er said he was highly gratified. Comment from Congress was generally critical with Southern- ers denouncing the decision in caustic terms. Leo Pfeffer, general counsel of the American Jewish Congress, saici in New York that the Su- preme Court edict "makes it clear that federal funds may not be used to finance parochial school educa- tion." Pfeffer's statement also said, "1 am highly gratified by the de- cision which I believe is consist- ent with the earlier position by the Supreme Court that the Con- stitution requires an absolute sep- aration of church and slate and a secular public school system." There was no immediate com- chief mcnt from tlle NatioDa' Catholic Welfare Conference, However, Francis Cardinal Spellman said he was "shocked state is ready. We will not move for a delay." Estes was indicted April 26 on eight counts of felony theft. They Defense Atty. Coter gave the involved fertilizer tank sales in Reeves County. The Pecos promoter also is un- der federal indictments in con- Dist. Atty. McGowen answered nection with the fertilizer tank all questions about the trial with 'I don't know." There was speculation that in asking for an immediate trial Cof- er was hoping for either an ac- quittal of a conviction with a sus- pended or minimum sentence and sales and other phases of his far- flung operations, which include federal grain storage and cotton acreage allotments. Monday's court move caught al- most everyone in this West Texas town by surprise. There had been not seek a trial on the other in- dictments. It was not immediately clear what effect the trial would have Pecos was crowded: with news. on a possible request that Estes appear as a witness before Sen- ate and House committees look- ing into his operations. Estes is also under federal in- dictment for fraud in connection with mortgages on the fertilizer tanks. Estes had invoked the Fifth Amendment when asked to testify n.a federal receivership hearing at El Paso, Tex. He had invoked Is equivalent under the Texas Constitution when subpoenaed by a Franklin, Tex., grand jury in-' 'estigating the death of Henry H. Marshall, an agricultural official who had been looking into Estes' cotton acreage allotments. In Austin a reporter asked Tex- as Atty. Gen. Will Wilson whether Esles, if convicted in the trial nere, could continue to invoke this immunity from testifying. adio and television people. They were jn Pecos for another' court of inquiry called by Texas Atty. Gen. Will Wilson to delve deeper into Estes' varied undertakings. During the afternoon press con- ference in Judge Starley's court chamber only a newspaper wom- an and four NBC television crew- men were present. _____ _____ ________ Wilcnn ciirl Ihnt fhp fpHpral storms and no important wnson said tnai me icaerai Tuesday through the charges did not involve the same transactions as named in the Reeves County indictments and that Estes could invoke the Amendment when tried on federal charges. In other investigations or trials, Wilson said, Estes, regardless of whether he is acquitted or con- victed, could not refuse to answer questions regarding the Bell the immediate offing. Only two newsmen were in town, whereas only last Saturday WEATHER V. E. DEPARTMENT Of WEATHER BUREAU (Weather Map, Fan ABI1J3NE AND VICINITY (Badtal miles) ParUy cloudy and continued warm through Wednesday. Scattered aft- ernoon and nlehltlme thunder storms. Jish Tuesday 90 to 95, low Tuesday night 65 to 70. hUh Wednesday war 95. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Part- y cloudy and no Important changes Tuesday ihroufh Wednesday. Scattered showers and a few thunder- itorms Tuesday night.. High Tuesday 85- NORTHWEST TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy, t few wisely High Tuesday 86-96. SOUTH lay 1 CEN' ITRAL TEXAS: T: _______________ .scat- mostly" Warmer south Tuesday afternoon. High cloudy Tuesday and Wednesday with TEXAS: doiidjr and warm Tuesday and Wednesday with scattered evenuyt Monday a.m. wn, 77 g 75............ VtO ...------------W 79 73 .____ 87 'y......... and frightened" at the decision. Ho described the prayer as a "simple and voluntary declaration of belief in God by public school children." Cardinal Spcllmnn said, "The decision strikes at the very heart of the Godly tradition in which America's children have for so ong been raised." In Chicago, the National Associ atlon of Evangelicals called the "regrettable." Stanley Mooneyham, the ation'i director ei MormRtion, said, "The only way left for the majority to express their opinion on this matter is to have the majority push for a constitutional amendment." "We have contended all See REACTION, Pg. 3-A, Col. but could invoke the Fifth Amendment or the Texas constitutional privilege regarding other questions. Dist. Atty. R. B. McGowen of Monahans made no effort to postpone the trial. At the morning court conference he said 7 00 73 74 75 W 78 ___ SI High and low for 24-hours ending fl PHigh and low same date last year: M "sunset last night: sunrise todayi sunset tonight: Barometer reading at 9 p.m.: Humidity at S p.m.: 71 per cent. ON SOME Board Will Look Again At Property Tax A large portion of the owners along needs to be R. L. Younf. mercial property re-evaluated to submit any member of the board told the past year is going to get concerning St. property owner. The other careful look. City sales or bona fide board member la Qvj Equalization Board members to cided information would be was this board which tut Board Chairman E. T. in getting this got the wheels turning on directed Tax Department Compere told massive commercial property assisting in Monday's opening .just completed. Not- icarings to set aside said the board what it considered aaMaoMt along Butternut St., to look at all the the board aeM Blvd., Pine St., and any along these Commission to ttfcr commercial areas which set up He said he feels pattern of objections during lead to better all, more than MM pUm remaining study by the board, prapertr WOT Compere asked property owners theee by Tax DtpjrtaaeaJ ijtfA along these streets who anv other streets added NotlOOt Op MCNHH VVN Monday to gather any the next two weeks of kearinf to evMftlip tion available to them be given new to tart kaMppFfl might better Inform the urged to appear before when It reconsiders the Tax board session If they te ifcftWkilirJlh MWDf Vg.fHBpM W partment's proposed don't know what the HM Specifically, Uw board d thi, wttl be, but 'PVa VBg Ok 1
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