Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - November 27, 1954, Abilene, Texas Abilene Importer "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron EVENING VOL. LXX1V. NO. 161________Associated Prea TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, NOVEMBER 27, 1954 PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe H-SU ALUMNI LEADERS Guy Shaw (right) of Abilene, new president of Hardin- Simmons University Ex-Students Association, confers with othei officers elected Sat- urday morning. From left, they are Mrs. Claude McAden, Abilene, secretary; Strauss Atkins, Canyon Baptist pastor, chaplain, and Mrs. H. A. Fender Abilene director (Staff photo) EDUCATION IN TRANSITION1 Problems of Growth Face H-SU, Reiff Tells Board American higher education is confronted with major factors of transition. Dr. Evan Allard Reiff, president of Hardin Simmons Uni- versity, told members of the board of trustees Saturday. H-SU is no he said. The factors particularly affect church-related and church spon- sored colleges, he continued in his annual report. "The first is a re-estimate of the function of the church-spon- sored college in the program of higher education necessary to the development of the nation. The sec- ond is the preparation which must be made for the anticipated in- crease of enrollment in colleges.] I "The third is the continuing ad- I justment to economic factors af- feeling the resources of these schools which determine their abil- ity to carry out the responsibilities accepted by their governing boards and administrations." college and university worthy of its name should re-as- sess its own function in the light of higher education, he said. "That is absolutely essential." In view of rising costs and bur- dens placed upon financial sup- porters a few colleges may even have to justify their existence. Forthcoming pressure for more and larger schools may well tempt some to drift with the current. Wright Again Heads Board; Shaw Named Exes President Officers of the Hardin-Simmons University trustees were re-elected Saturday while the Ex-Studen'is Association was naming new lead- ers who will take office in June. Trustee officers re-elected were W. P. Wright, president; 0. D. Dillingham and Raymond Foy, vice presidents, and John H. Alvis, secretary. All are from Abilene except Foy, a Dallas resident. Other trustees attending the an- nual meeting included Byron Bry- ant, Stamford; Barney Carter, Tyler; 0. W. English and S. F. Featherston, Wichita Falls; J. Ralph Grant, Lubbock. Tate May, Hamlin; C. R. Sim- mons, Sweetwater; J. D. Sandefer, Breckenriuge; George T. Wilson, San Angelo; J. E. Johnson, Tem- ple; J. J. Keeter, Throckmorton, W. P. WRIGHT board chairman and J. A. Rogers, Amarillo. Other Abilene trustees attending were Mrs. W. J. Behrens, C. M. Caldwell, Guy Caldwell, W. W. Hayncs, Mrs. H. A. Fender, Thom- as E. Roberts, Elwin L. Skiles, M. A. Jenkens, L. C. Jennings and George S. Anderson. Trustee committees and chair- men appointed include: Executive: Anderson, Haynes, C. M. Caldwell, Dillingham, Alvis, Roberts and Wright. Athletic: Sandefer, May, Alvis, Jennings, Sterling Price, Abilene, and Barney Hubbs, Pecos. Budget: J. C. Hunter, Jr., Abi- lene, Johnson, Keeter, D. M. Wig- gins. Lubbock; Rogers and Guy Caldwell. Buildings and Grounds: Dilling- ham, Haynes, English, Roberts, A. G. Hoover, Ozona; Carter and Bryant. Development: Foy, Hunter, Sim- mons, Fred Swank, Fort Worth; Grant, English and Mrs. Bernard Hanks, Abilene. Nominating: C. M. Caldwell, T. A. Patterson, Beaumont; Feather- ston and Wilson. Instruction: Skiles, Pender, P. D. O'Brien, Big Spring: Wilson, Jenkins and E. M. Collier, Abi- lene. Guy Shaw, Abilene attorney was named president of the Ex- Students Association. New vice- presidents include Charles Mc- Laughlin, Fort Worth: Mary Lou O'Rear, Abilene; Felton Jones, San Angelo. and Gladys Para- dowski, Houston- Mrs. Claude McAden, Abilene, was named secretary and Strauss Atkins, Canyon, is the new chap- lain. They will assume their duties next June. It is unfair to prospective stu- dents and to the county for educa- itional institutions simply to occupy the time of young people, he de- clared. Texas college enrollment poten tial should increase 70 percent by 1970, studies and statistical infor- mation indicate, he said. Texas Baptist student potential should increase.by at least 100 per cent during the period. Clear advances in progress were shown by H-SU in the past year, he said. These included the present ogram of dormitory develop- program of dormitory develop- ment; establishment of a new mode of business operation; and advancement of the academic pro- gram. Dusty Wind Brings Co'd Front to Abilene Dusty gusts of wind up to 40 miles an hour swept a cold front into Abilene about p.m. Fri- day and dropped temperatures 10 degrees straightaway. The thermometer continued to drop during the night, reaching a low of 38 around 7 a.m. Forecast for the weekend was fair and mild, possibly warming up a bit Sunday, the U. S. Weather Bureau here said. Weather for Monday's Christmas parade will probably be fair, but will have a nip to it, the fore- caster said. He could not give a definite prediction that far ahead, he added. The same front brought a swirl- ing dust storm to Winters. It struck about 6 p.m. and visibility was zero until 10 p.m. Hiss Leaves Prison Asserting Innocence TRAFFIC CRASHES Fog, Smog Grip Los Angeles Area LOS ANGELES W-Fftr rr ourth successive day, Southern California was in the grip today if traffic-paralyzing, eye-smarting mog and fog that the weather man says will continue over the veekend. Indicative of the blinding effect f the fog, which rolled 10 miles nland from the r'acific, was a raffic report of crashes since dense, ground-hugging mist tarted last Wednesday. However, nly two deaths were attributed irectly to traffic. Fog closed Los Angeles inter- ational and Long Beach Airports gain last night. Lockheed Airport t inland Burbank. usually free of og. was closed for an hour and nen reopened. Football games scheduled for ast night were postponed. At Long Beach, a rugby game between earns representing New Zealand uid Australia was halted because le spectators couldn't see what going on. Visibility in Los Angeles Harbor 'as three quarters of a mile. The og slowed but did not stop the lovement of ships. Fog horns in he harbor at Santa Monica had ailed steadily 48 hours. Cities in the metropolitan Los Angeles area were asked to refrain rom burning trash until the smog nd fog seige is ended. Dr. Frederick D. Newbarr, Los Mother, 43, Gives Birth to 17th Child CAMBRIDGE, Mass. HI Mrs. Anna Martell celebrated her 43rd irthday yesterday by giving birth o her seventh son and 17th child. Her husband, Frank, truck river, comes of a family of 16 rothers and sisters. Mrs. Martell s the only girl in a family of five. All the couple's children are ving. The oldest ii 24. "ngeles County's chief autopsy .urgeon, said microscopic studies will be made of three infants who died of respiratory ailments and added "but we have no test to determine definitely that smog in any way contributed to their deaths." Autopsies indicated yes- terday two of the infants suc- cumbed to pneumonia. Los Angeles police arranged for extra duty officers to handle the anticipated weekend traffic. ALGER HISS i innocent, he says Storm Rocks British Isles LONDON seamen were feared dead in wrecked ships and hundreds of others fought for their lives today in hurricane-force inds that tossed vessels like corks in churning waters from the Irish Sea to the coast of Holland- SOS signals crackled out and dramatic rescues were under way. Among these were the saving of 35 men off a tanker split in two off the coast of South Wales and the rescue by U.S. helicopter of an English bird watcher from an up- ended lightship in the English Channel. Seven men still were aboard the forward section of the tanker and efforts were being made to rescue them. A similar number were trapped inside the lightship. It was feared they already were dead. The Liberian oil tank- er, World Concord, carrying 42 Greek crewmen, broke apart off the coast of South Wales. Eight hours later a lifeboat rescued 35 men off the stern, then headed to- ward the forward section, which J.S. Blisters China, Seeks To Rally Free World Op in ion 3 Munday Youths Injured in Crash MUNDAY, Nov. 27 (RNS) Three Munday youths were in Bay- lor County Hospital at Seymour Saturday with injuries received In an auto accident near Seymour. They are Bobby F. Killian, Jerry Dan Morrow and Don Guffey. Ex- tent of their injuries was not known. The accident occurred late Thurs- day night when their 1932 model auto swerved to avoid colliding with another car and went out of control. THE WEATHER O.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU AA'D and a Sale cooler Saturday afternoon and ever wg. Fair and mild Sunday. High Saturday .3, low Saturday night 40. High Sunday w to 70. XORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Generally sir this afternoon and tonight. A little Farmer tonight. Sunday partly cloudy and feming cooler. WEST fair after- loon and tonight. Wanner in South Plains bnight. Sunday, windy and turning cooler. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL "anly cloudy this afternoon and tonight, ecoming mostly cloudy Sunday. No impor- -nt temperatnre changes. TEMPERATCRIS FBI. P. M. SAT. A. M. 76 79............. 45 80 M 80 43 71 40 67 40 64 35 61 45 59 91 56 S3 52 High and low temperatures for M hoan nded at a.m.: 81 and 38. High and low temperatures same date last year: 72 and 37. Sunset last night p.m. Sunrite today a.m. SunKt tonight Barometer reading at a.m. 31.14. Relative humWKj 1.10. By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON M-The govern- lent has decided to press a vig- rous campaign for release of 13 mericans imprisoned in Commu- ist China by rallying international linion in the free world against le Red "outrage." A demand for the prompt re- :ase of the 11 military men and civilians was delivered to Red fiina's diplomatic representative in London yesterday by the British Foreign Office at the request of the U.S. State Department. Washington, officials said the angry note was being delivered also to the Peiping regime through the British diplomatic representa- tive in that Communist capital. British channels were used be- cause the British maintain diplo- matic relations with Red China, the United States does not. And at U.N. headquarters in New York, Chief U.S. Delegate Henry Cabot Lodge Jr. handed a copy of the protest to U.N. Sec- retary General Dag Hammarskjold with a request that it he circulated to all 60 member nations. The American note was one of the toughest which has been dis- patched by the State Department in a long time. It flatly accused the Chinese Communists of viola- ting the Korean armistice agree- ment by holding the 13 and indi- rectly warned them there is a limit to the patience of the American people. It also made a preliminary de- mand for "punishment of the Chinese Communist officials re- sponsible" and for compensation for the "wrong" done the 13. Authorities said today they are studying all avenues of following up the initial demand, apparently in the belief that even the Chinese Reds, isolated as they are from the Western world, can not ignore the mounting pressures of public opinion. Among these pressures already developing is the stand taken by the British government, which in comments at the U.N. and in Lon- don denounced the treatment of the Americans as "outrageous." The Chinese Reds announced Tuesday that the 13, captured dur- ing the Korean War, had been given ranging from four years to life on spy charges. The 13 already had been held about two years. The mother of one of the airmen, Mrs. H. L. Stiter, said at Vista, Calif., yesterday that President Eisenhower s Thanksgiving Day message of concern was "no more than a form letter" and "about a year too late." Eisenhower had telegraphed the relatives of the 13 with a renewed pledge that every "feasible" effort would be made to free the prisoners. Mrs. Stiter, the mother of Air Force Capt. Elmer F. Llewellyn who got a five year sentence, ex- pressed admiration for Senate Re- publican Leader Knowland of California. Knowland has been critical of administration policy to- wards Communist countries. was sinking several miles away with seven sailors aboard. Coast Guardsmen said the seven were in "great peril" in the mountainous seas. British helicopters, the royal navy aircraft carrier Illustrious and the tug Turmoil went out to assist. The Turmoil helped in the drama of the broken-in-two Flying Enterprise three years ago. Half a dozen ships stood near the two-year-old World Concord. Associated Press correspondent Eddy Gilmore, flying low over the wreck, said he could see no sign of life. By noontime, Gilmore report- ed, waves were reaching the bridge of the sinking hulk and the British ship Niso spread oil in an attempt to calm the seas. A U.S. Air Force helicopter from a base at Ramsgate, England, snatched the one man off the Eng- lish lightship South Goodwin, up- ended and half sunk on the treach- erous Goodwin Sands in the Eng- glish Channel. After landing the survivor the helicopter flew back with an acetylene torch and diving equipment to try save seven sea- men trapped inside. They were al- ready feared dead. Weathermen said the storm would last for two more days. There also was plenty of trouble ashore where England was threat- ened by its worst floods in years. Thousands of acres were under water in the midlands BS wind and rain whipped the country- ;ide. Meantime hundreds of ships scurried toward port for shelter. Bennett to Prepare McCarthy Charge SALT LAKE CITY, fJB-Sen. Ben- nett left for Washington, D.C., yesterday to prepare an ad- ditional censure count against Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis.) Bennett said he planned to in- troduce the resolution soon after the special session of the Senate resumes Monday. It will be based, he said, on McCarthy's attacks on the Watkins Committee, the group which recommended censure of McCarthy on two separate counts. Wife, Son Meet Him at Gates LEWISBURG. Pa. IB Alger Hiss, convicted of lying when he denied giving government tecrets to a Communist spy ring, was released from federal prison today. He immediately proclaimed he was innocent, asserting the charges against him were "un- true." Hiss, wearing a hat and well- worn grey topcoat brought to the penitentiary by his wife, told news- men at the prison gate: "I shall renew my efforts to dis- pel the deception that has been foisted on the American people." Hiss spent 3Vi years of a 5-year sentence in the penitentiary at Lewisburg. Specifically he was convicted of lying at a congres- sional investigation which looked into charges by Whittaker Cham- bers, admitted Soviet spy courier, that he had obtained government documents from Hiss, a former State Department official. Hiss was met by his wife, Pris- cilla; his 13-year-old son, Tony: and two attorney friends, Chester Lane and Robert M. Benjamin. As he walked through the door of the prison, the former prisoner No. surrounded by nearly 100 reporters and photographers. The drone of a helicopter over head almost drowned out Hiss' words as he shouted: "I'm very glad to be out but I want to reassert my complete in- nocence." He said that in his years in jail he did not have the opportunity to answer "falsehoods" made by "politicians and the press" about his career. Hiss, appearing somewhat hag- gard but smiling with his son at his side, said he hoped to tell the story behind his conviction and "to dispel the doubts" about his po- sition. Hiss shrugged off all questions concerning the slaying of William W. Remington in the prison earlier this week except to say "all the inmates were horrified and re- volted." Remington, like Hiss, was con- victed of perjury in connection with congressional queries about communism. Remington's funeral will be held today at Ridgewood, N.J., not far from New York where Hiss lives. Hiss was silent when asked if he attend the funeral. However, Hiss and Remington were never linked together in the same Washington Communist as- sociations. Beyond the brief statement ai- serting his innocence. Hiss fended off further questioning by news- men, rushed with his wife and son to a waiting nuto and drove away. It was assumed that Hiss was heading for his apartment in New York City. As a convict on parole, Hiss must report monthly to a federal officer in New York for the next year and a half on how he's living, how he's working and who are bis friends. After the parole period Hiss will be on his own. Hiss, before he quit a high post in the State Department under Secretary Dean Acheson, was close confidant Presidents Franklin D. Roosevelt and Harry Truman and was secretary of the 1945 San Francisco conference that founded the United Nations. The car owned by Lawyer Lane, drove up to the penitentiary at a.m. The two attorneys, Lane and Benjamin, jumped out as newsmen hurriedly approached, and helped Mrs. Hiss and the son Tony, emerge. All four, ignoring questions and the clicking of cameras, walked toward the huge iron gate. Tony somehow fell behind and several newsmen started to talk to the sturdy boy who wore a Tyro- lean-type hat. Mrs. Hiss glanced back, turned around quickly, yanked the boy by the arm. Mother and son then walked straight ahead, silently and unsmiling, into the 'prison. They were there about 10 min- utes before the party emerged. It was a bright sunny day, with the temperature near freezing. There was a touch of frost every- where. As Hiss walked through the gate, clutching his son's hand, he turned to wave to several prison employes who were leaning out windows of a nearby administration building. Then, walking briskly, Hiss moved wife holding Tony's arm. The reporters and photographers or be- hind a rope barrier about 50 yards from the main prison entrance. Thirty feet from the gate Hisi turned at the shout of a guard, released his son's hand and walked back 30 paces to shake the guard's hand in a gesture of a friendly goodby. Then he returned to his wife and son and walked straight toward the press corps, the two attorneys a few steps behind. As Hiss approached newsmen surged forward tearing aside the flimsy rope that temporarily bar- red them. Immediately Hiss vat surrounded. At first he hesitated to apeak, Shen made his brief statement re- iterating his innocence. After making his statement Hiss sharply cut off all questions with a firm "no more" and walked to- ward the waiting automobile. The entire tt could be termed less than two minutes. Big Bend Park Group To Be Organized By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A society to push plans for es- tablishment of a huge international playground between the United States and Mexico was to be form- ed Saturday in the Davis Mountain city of Alpine. The proposed park will contain some 7 million acres in the Big Bend National some acres across the Rio Grande in Mexico. Internal Jitters Stir Speculation New Upheaval Cooking Inside Russia By WILLIAM L. RYAN AP Foreign News Analyst A pattern of 18 months ago is being repeated today in the Soviet Union, suggesting new internal nervousness which could lead to another upheaval. A new "vigilance" campaign is being launched, similar in tone to the one which preceded the arrest and purge of police boss Lavrenti P. Beria in June, 1953. There is there was just before and after Stalin's urging every Soviet cit- izen to guard "state secrets." And there is again a scare campaign to convince the Soviet people their country is crawling with British and American spies. The Communist party is strongly its authority over every phase of Soviet the military. This becomes more sus- picious in view of the fact that at the past half dozen or more major functions concerning the military in Moscow, Marshal Geor- gi Thukov, a deputy defense minis- ter and World War n hero, and Marshhal Vasily D. Sokolovsky. chief of staff of the Soviet army, have been missing. An intense campaign calls for "state discipline" in both military and civilian life, plus the necessity for raising "productivity of la- bor." At the same time, noted military men have been writing in the Sonet press on the impor- tance of continued emphasis on heavy industry. All this tends to give the im- pression that a couple of post- Stalin honeymoons are the honeymoon between the Soviet government and the people, and scond, the honeymoon with lor- eigners. It would be no surprise if the Soviet government gradually eased off on its generous admission of Western visitors and on the permission given them to travel in the U.S.S.R. Nor would it be any surprise if the censorship on for- eign correspondents in Moscow tightened up again after a year or so of relative reasonableness. The possibility of an upheaval is always in the background in Mos- cow. Its "collective leadership" sprang originally from Uw (ear the top leaders had of one another. The absence of high army figures from a succession of important meetings is suspicious in view of the debt the regime of Premier Georgi Malenkov seems to have owed to the top army leadership in consolidating its position and de- feating the secret police foreejs of Beria. Possibly the two high-rank- ing marshals are on a tour of in- spection of forces in the European satellite countries; it is also possi- ble they are not in good standing. The Communist party has been drilling into the military forces recently their duty to "party and state" and the gratitude they owe to the Communist party. The party warns them to be "militantly vigi- lant." On the economic side, party Sec- retary N. S. Khrushchev has con- cluded a swing thrdugh Central Asia where he laid down the law to party organizations and repub- lic governments. Agriculture has been lagging in those parts; breed- ing of livestock is far behind goals. tbt Soviet information agency, says Khrushchev in speeches directed Communist par- ty people to devote more time to the political indoctrination of peas- ants. The implication in this and of other recent pronouncements is that the highly ambiiious consu- mer goods program announced a year ago, at the height of the honeymoon, failed in its first year. Indeed, the impression is that the top leaders never believed for a moment the goal of a significant increase of goods available to the public could be achieved. That would require some sacrifice of heavy industry. But the party and government, at a tune of internal strain, made many promises which were widely advertised. If there is no delivery, the blame must be assessed for the sake of appearance. It is be- ing laid to failure to get UK most productivity out of agricultural and other labor. To make that stick, Khruschchev is ordering Ml party minioru takt firmer grip.