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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - September 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas WARMER II "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXXIV, NO. 77 Aaocuued (AP) ABILENE; TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, SEPT. 1, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe L_ BOATS DRIVEN and powerboats were driven aground at the Boston Yachting Club when hurricane struck the Boston, Mass., area. Johnson to Continue On McCarthy Probe Secret Deadline to Begin German Rearmament Set tB Diplomatic of- ficials said today the United States and .Britain have set a secret dead- line for starting West German rearmament. France and West Germany will be informed of this in the next few days along with another Brit- ish-American agreement for re- storing sovereignty to Chancellor Konrad Adenauer's Bonn govern- ment, the officials added. One Western diplomat predicted that West Germany would demand and get the right to rearm without the restrictions the now- dead European Defense Communi- ty plan would have imposed. France's rejection of the Euro- pean army, which America espe- cially had considered the founda- tion of West European defense, was described by one French lead- er as turning Germany loose to bargain with both East and West. U.S. Secretary of State John Hurricane's Toll Now 49 BOSTON an The northeast states surveyed devastation and havoc p[ hurricane Carol today as the death list mounted to 49 and unofficial estimates placed prop- erty damage at from 300 to 500 million dollars. The storm, which originated in the Caribbean Sea and expired north of Quebec City, did its worst damage in New England, where it cut a destructive path compara- ble to that of the 1938 hurricane. Hundreds of summer homes were destroyed and thousands of small boats were lost or damaged as the storm raged with gusts up to 125 m.p.h. through New Eng- land. From the beaches of New London, Conn., it spread north- ward in a wide path across Rhode Island, Cape Cod, eastern and cen- tral Massachusetts and parts of New Hampshire, "Maine and Ver- mont Worst In History Some officials estimated dam- age was the greatest property loss in New England by a hurricane. However, Hurricane Carol was so well plotted that loss of life was far below the toll of 488 per- sons who perished in the Sept. 21. 1938, hurricane, which struck New England without warning. Hurricane Dolly Forms MIAMI, Fla. (A A tropical storm with winds of 65 miles per hour in squalls formed today in an easterly wave in the Atlantic. At 9 a.m. the storm was centered about 675 miles east of Daytona Beach, Fla., moving northward at 18 to 20 m.p.h. Highest winds were estimated at 60 to 63 m.p.h. in squalls east of the center with gales extending outward 100 to 150 miles :in the eastern semicircle and a short dis- tance west. Shipping in the path of the storm was advised to exercise caution. The tropical disturbance, named Dolly for the fourth letter in the alphabet, developed from an east- erly wave which has been under close days. observation the past two Utilities companies said hun- dreds of communities may be with- out electricity for several days. At least 150.000 telephones were re- ported still out in Massachusttts. Rhode Island, New Hampshire and Maine. It was estimated the hurricane had left about a third of New Eng- land's 10 million population with- out power or electricity. Gov. Dennis J. Roberts declared a state of martial law in Rhode Island after receiving reports that the damage in his state alone would total 50 million dollars. 17 Die In Rhode Island Early reports had 17 dead in Rhode Island, highest of any state, followed by Massachusetts with 15. Other storm-caused deaths were Maine, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Vermont, Connecticut, New York and Canada. Several communities declared a state of emergency. National Guard troops patrolled the streets at least a half-dozen Massachusetts communities to pre- vent looting. An estimated persons evacuated Cape Cod homes just ahead of a 20-foot tidal wave. Po- lice estimated that cottages were smashed to kindling on Cape beaches. troops patrolled darkened streets o.f some Cape Cod towns as evacuees slept in public buildings and at homes of the more fortu- nate. The Providence River in Rhode Island spilled over into the state capital's downtown area, a half hour before high tide. Within an hour the entire business district was under four feet of water. In Westerly, R. I., automobiles parked on the main street were covered completely by flood wat- ers. About 200 summer homes were reported swept away by the hu-- ricane at Atlantic Beach. Westerly. Damage in Newport, R. I., alone, was estimated in the millions. The famed Newport Casino was wrecked. So were many buildings on Bailey's Beach and Easton's Beach. In Boston, the steeple of the Old Church from which lanterns were hung to send Paul Revere on his famous midnight to the ground. Elms on Boston Common were blown down. FLEE crewmen dash acros s rain-swept airport runway in Albany, N.Y.. after securing 50 Navy Hellcat fighters from Qubnset Point, R.I. Planes were flown to Albany to escape high winds from hurricane. Mistrial Is Sought In Batchelor Trial SAN ANTONIO a-Defense at- torneys today asked that a mistrial be declared in the general court- martial of Cpl. Claude J. Batchelor because a Medal of Honor winner stated he believed Batchelor was a traitor. The motion was denied. Joel Westbrook. Batchelor's at- torney, asked Lt. Col. Donald Manes Jr.. trial judge, to declare the mistrial on grounds the state- ment from 1st Lt. Edward R. Schowalter Jr. on Aug. 30, the first day of the trial, may have preju- diced remaining members of the court-martial panel, or jury. Scho- walter asked to be excused from the pane! and was excused. Westbrook said Schowalter. Metairie. La., was wearing his rib- bon indicating the award on the occasion when he made the speech. When Schowalter was excused, other members of the panel were told by Manes to disregard the statement. Westbrook said be feared that prejudice might remain with the other members of the panel and that word of the statement made by Schowalter may have gotten to Results of Polio Vaccine Called'Very Encouraging' By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Preliminary report on effective- ness of the Salk polio vaccine range from "very encouraging' to "much too soon" U tell. These arc the comments of med- ical men in counties across the country where the vaccine was administered to schoolchildren in the second grade, most of them 7 years old. County health officers showed a general tendency to keep their fingers crossed until complete re- turns are fit. even though a major- ity said they so for had discove'ed no cnses among those vaccinated. In some counties, there have been polio cases among those vac- cinated But health authorities said the could have con- tracted the ailment before recciv- iai[ all three Salk shots. The National Foundation for In- fantile Paralysis is withholding comment on effectiveness of the wcclne un'-ll survey conducted Independently ml the Unlvcriity of Michigan. A for the foundation said the polio season has not yet ber." he told a newsman. reached its peak and counseled against any premature findings. The "very encouraging" report came from Dr. Leon Banov ot Charleston, S. C., Charleston Coun- ty health director. "As health officer for the coun- ty, I am very much impressed with the vaccine." he said. He said there had been 27 polio cases in the county since Jan. 1 and that not one child who re- ceived the vaccine has contracted the disease. He noted that the only two 7- year-olds who contracted polio had not been vaccinated. He noted also that one 8-year-old contracted po- lio while his brother, 7, who had received Hie vaccine, remained un- offected. The opinion that it is 'much too soon" to determine results WHS given by Dr. Russell E. Tcaguc of Harrlsburg, Pa., stale health secretary. "The incidence of polio In Penn- sylvania is usually its highest in late August and early Septenv No cases have been reported in Pennsylvania among children who received the vaccine. In New Jersey, Wallace B. Ed- gerton, state chairman' of the Na- tional Foundation, said there had been no polio among pupils who received the vaccine, but he, too. noted that this was no guaran- tee for the full season. State Health Officer Wilson T; Sowder. in Tallahassee, Fla., said there had been an unusually high incident of polio in Florida this year but that only one case had been reported among vaccinated children. He said that case developed im. mediately after the child received the vaccine and before it had time to take effect. The first case of polio among Indiana children who re- ceived the vaccine was reported at Fort Wayne. None of Ohio youngsters who took part tn the vaccine test Is known to have contracted po lio. witnesses in the case. He asked that another court- martial board be set up. In another motion, Westbrook asked that witnesses in the case, both defense and prosecution, be granted immunity from prosecu- tion. This was denied. It was the 16th motion denied. Testimony was expected to begin later today. The prosecution has brought 15 former prisoners of war to San Antonio to testify against the 24- year-old Texan from Hermit. Batchelor is charged with collab- orating with the enemy and in- forming on fellow prisoners during his 38 months confinement in North Korea. The first two days largely were devoted to defense motions to dis- miss charges. None of these was granted. Seven were denied yes- erday. Defense attorneys said they had more motions for dismissal of charges to present to the Ft. Sam Houston court today. After that Batchelor was expected to enter a plea of innocent to all charges. One motion which was denied yesterday was a move by the de- 'ense to quash charges that Bat- chelor recommended to the Reds hat a fellow American POW.be shot Batchelor is accused of making the recommendation during the prison-camp trial of Wilburn C. Watson of Corinth, Miss. The de- fense motion, which was overruled said the charge was not sufficient- ly specific. Watson is in San An- tonio to testify for the prosecu- Jury to Hear Speeding Case One of two youths charged in an alleged midnight automobile race on Orange St. will face jury trial in City Court at 10 ajn. Thurs- day. He is Stanley Lee Froman, 20, of Route 2, Clyde. Froman is charged with racing and speeding. The jury trial Was granted at his request Case of Jerry Wayne Earp, 20, of 1610 Oak St., the other youth involved in the alleged incident, hasn't been set. He faces charges of racing, speeding and failure to grant right-of-way. The charges against the two young men resulted from an inci- dent that occurred shortly after midnight the morning of Aug. 2. An woman tele- phoned police at a.m. that two automobiles were racing on Orange St. She said they were going south from North 14th St. Four policemen in two cars were dispatched. A few minutes after the report was received, the Froman and Earp cars figured in crashes with other vehicles. At North Fourth and Orange Sts., the auto Froman was driv- ing had a collision with another driven by Robert Allen Lowke, 1641 North Third St. Lowke was traveling west on Fourth. The car Earp was driving was in collision at North Third and Orange Sts. with a taxicab driven by Jewell Franklin White, 541 Wal- nut St. Marshall O'Brien, 417 Lex- ington Ave., taxi passenger, suf- fered a bruised arm. police re- ported. The taxicab was going west on Third. 'osier Dulles1 call for a meeting of the 14-nation NATO Council in- stead of the three occupying pow- ers in West Germany was in itself aken as a new approach to Eu- ropean defense. Americans here who have been n touch recently with Chancellor Conrad Adenauer and other West officials said the big prob- em is to determine what new erms Germany might demand for oining up with the West These sources considered that Adenauer's government now al- most certainly would reject the Jonn agreement signed 27 months ago to restore restricted sovereign- y to West Germany. The Germans ratified that ac- cord on the basis that the com- panion EDC treaty rearming them fould also be approved, and that the six-nation organization would save democratic forces in Ger- many itself from a resurrection of overriding militarism. "The West will offer partial sov- ereignty to said one Western diplomat, "but out of the negotiations almost certainly will come complete sovereignty" in- cluding the right to unrestricted rearmament. Former French Premier Paul ieynaad pin-pointed this prospect in the National Assembly yester- lay during a bitter criticism of 'remier Pierre Mendes-France for lis failure to put EDC over. "What will you do tomorrow if demands are made: for return, ot German Reynaud asked .Mendes-France. "You will be obliged to agree to it without the advantages of EDC. It will be the reconstitutioE of the Wehr- machl that, already has paraded down the Champs Elysees and in the cities of France." Antoine Pinay, France's Premier when the EDC treaty was signed, bined in the debate to quote tfendes-France as saying last April that the only choice was "EDC or rearmament of Germany without any controls." "Has the Premier's mind changed he queried. There was no'answer from Men- des-France. The debate also aired another big worry: Now that EDC has been rejected, what is to prevent West Jennany from inviting bids from the Russians. "France now has placed Ger- many again in the tempting posi- tion to see-saw between the Com- munists and the said Pierre-Henri Teitgen, president of the Catholic, pro-EDC Popular Re- publican Movement "The Sovernment knew the risks. What does it plan to do? Nothing, or al- most nothing." Home Burns After Floors Sanded Fire Wednesday morning burnec through two bedrooms and the hali of the Durward Chambers home at 1337 Bowie Dr. None of the family was at home, and Fire Marshall .Len Blackwood said the blaze apparently started, and was fed by, fluids used., in cleaning old varnish off the floors. The family had moved out of the house to let the sanders work, neighbors said. Blackwood said damage could not be estimated. The fire seemed to have started In the back bed- room closet, and that room was the most severely damaged. Furnishings had been moved In- to the living room area, and were not damafictl by the lire. THE WEATHER D.S. DEPARTMENT OF COUXOUX MjKEAC ABH.E.VK AND VICINITY Fair today and Thuralay. HUh temperature today 94 degrees, with lew tcmljEht 70 de- crees. Ulsh Thursday 96 decrees- NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Cewrally fair throuRh Thursday. No Important tern perature changes. WEST TEXAS dear to partly ctondy through Thursday, tabled Uiundenlxnreu EAST TEXAS Generally fair through SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partb cloudy through Thursday with scattered thundcrstwwfrs. Taw. P.M. Wed. A.M to HM 85 TO M TO (9 7SH Rt 17 IS M KeMlre ai HUH and hw temfttaturea for M aja.! Iwwi SEN. JOHNSON backed by panel Duval's Judge Retires Again AUSTIN A. S. Broad- foot returned to retirement today from a 5-month assignment as act- ing judge of the Court in South Texas. The North Texas Jurist's resig- nation was announced yesterday by Supreme Court Justice J. E. Hickman. Hickman had called Broadfoot back to the bench March 20 to fill the judgeship from which Dist. Judge C. Woodrow Laughlin of Alice nad been ousted: hy tbe Supreme Court. Broadfoot said in his letter 6 resignation lie wished to retire be- cause he felt "physically, unable to take care of the position as it should be cared for." Hickman said he understood an- other judge may be named by Gov. Allan Shivers sometime after Sept. 15. If that is not done, he said, he wiB try to find another retired judge to take the post Laughlin's removal from the of- fice resulted from charges brought against him by 11 attorneys in the district comprising Duval, -Jim Wells, Starr and Brooks counties. The court ouster, however, did not preclude Laughlin's running for reelection, and the ousted judge sought and won the Democratic nomination. Fuji Easily Made TOKYO IS A postwar record total of persons climbed Mt. Fuji during the peak July-August climbing season this year, a.Na- tional Railways survey showed. The figure was more than double last year's. Dismissal Of Charges Again Asked WASHINGTON lawyer for Sen. McCarthy launched a new egal offensive today aimed at browing out some of the censure charges against the Wisconsin sen- ator. x Edward Bennett Williams turned o this after losing an attempt to get the special Senate committee nvestigating the charges to direct ts vice chairman, Sen. Edwin C. Johnson, to clarify his personal stand on McCarthy. Williams argued that the com- mittee ought to drop a charge that McCarthy was contemptuous of a Senate Rules subcommittee which investigated McCarthy in 1952. He contended the subcommittee was "acting outside the scope of its authority from the first day" and hence it was impossible for Mc- Carthy to be in contempt of it Chairman Watkins (R-Otah) did not rule on this immediately. He said he would order the com- mittee staff to check into the points raised by Williams but also told the lawyer: 'We are not out on a wild goose chsse in this Inquiry" Earlier, Watkins ruled firmly that Sen. Johnson (D-Colo) has a right to sit in on the hearings re- gardless of-what he might have said about McCarthy in the past. Watkins was affirming a ruling he made yesterday. McCarthy and his attorney, Edward Barrett Wil- liams, had circulated to committee members a memo asking that the ruling be reversed and that John-, son be directed to say whether he- was correctly quoted in a Denver Post article last Marck The memo said that statements attributed to JBtasaife igsftaif. Democrat, and predisposition on his part" regarding the censure case against McCarthy. Watkins said he believed he had the unanimous backing of the six- man committee in his stand. Sen. Ervin (D-NC) said he agreed 100 per cent with the chairman. The Denver newspaper quoted Johnson March 12 as saying "in my opinion there is not a man among the Demoer-atie leaders of Congress who does not loathe Joe McCarthy." Johnson said at yesterday's pub- lic hearing that he had never said he "personally loathed" McCar- thy, and expressed belief he could consider the issues impartially. Declining to reverse his earlier ruling, Watkins said the committee is satisfied that Johnson, can do what he said he the issues fairly. The committee, he said, does not "render any final decision. "We do net find the accused innocent or guilty-" Pressure Building Up to Make Germany, Spain Defense Hubs WASHINGTON IB-Strong pres- sures are reported building up in the government to make Germany and Spain, rather than France, the mainstays of U.S. defense strategy for Western Europe. A major debate on France's role in this country's political-rnih'tary policies was forecast today by in- formed officials, who said the cen- tral question, starkly stated, is this: Should the United States switch its main strategic emphasis, with more of its military aid dollars and supplies, from France to her neighbors on the east and west? Secretary of State Dulles an- nounced yesterday that France's rejection of the proposed Euro- pean Defense Community, which envisioned a 12-division German army, impels the United States "to reappraise its foreign pol- icies." At the same demanded American-British-French action to give West Germany sovereignty. He called also for an emergency meeting of the North Atlantic Organisation to consider the whole situation. The United States may propose at this NATO meeting that West Germany should be rearmed dir- ectly under NATO. It was learned Dulles feels that should be the major problem of the special ses- sion. Dulles wonts the 14-nation NATO meeting to be held at cabinet lever full-dresssession of foreign, dofttue and finance this probably cannot be arranged before October at the earliest In a mood of acknowledged frus- tration though not despair, Dulles left Washington by plane last night for Manila to join ministers of sev- en other nations, starting Monday, in concluding negotiation of a Southeast Asia defense alliance. It is nut yet certain that Wash- ington will take the lead in for- mally proposing German mem- bership in NATO. Some officials say that as a of tactics it would be better for one of Ger- many's neighbors to make tbt move. The United States and Britain are expected to press France, meanwhile, for prompt agreement for sovereignty for West Germany through a series of "peace con- tracts." These agreements had been dependent upon creation of EDC. Now Washington and London want to scrap that condition. The idea is to give West Germany as much control over her affairs as is possible in the light of East- West division of the country, block- ing a formal peace treaty. WETTER THAN JUNE, JULY August Noted for Heat; Rain Slightly Sub-Normal If you thought it was a little hot in August, you are right. Temperatures averaged 86.5 de- grees, 3.7 degrees above the nor- mal of 82.8.' Maximum daily tem- peratures in Abilene averaged 97.8 degrees, records at the Weather Bureau located at the Municipal Airport east of town showed. Average temperature was 73.1 degrees. Hottest days were Aug. 5 and Aug. 6. The mercury crept up to IDS degrees on those days. Lowest temperature was 6S degrees on Aug. 8 and Rainfall was .14 ot an inch be- low normal. Only .85 of sin inch fell during the entire month, com- pared with the normal of 1.09. Total rainfall, to date during 1954 is 10'.96 inches. Normal for the first eight months is 14.99. Heaviest rains fell in April inches) and May (4.61 From the f a r m e r '-s view point, June was an unfortunate month; only .03 of an inch of rain fell then. July (.01 of an inch) and August (.85 of an inch) wttt also disappointing. Highest winds carnc with an extensive thundershower on Anf. I. Their 51 miles- per btwr velocity blew down the rear wd of a hangar at Muncipal Airport, and caused other damage.
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