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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 24, 1954, Abilene, Texas HOT Sbilene EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT CJR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXXIV, NO. 70 Aaociated Prea (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 24, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe Candidates Heatedly Claim They Were 'Smear7 Victims By ROBERT E. FORD Associated Press Staff 1 munist type includ- Avistin attorney Ralph Yarbor- ough and Gov. Allan Shivers both charged Tuesday that smear tac- tics were being used against them as the campaigns for governor reached the healed stage with onlv i ing fake photographs, have been issued in an effort to smear him. The candidates for the Demo- cratic nomination Monday night picked almost identical issues for their campaign rallies and televi- sion and radio talks. Yarborough four electioneering days to go. spoke in Fort Worth and Dallas. Shivers showed reporters a mini-1 Shivers held a rally at the Alamo letter commenting on a j in San Antonio, women's rally for Shivers. Shivers The joint issues included out-of- called it filth-1 state interference, smears and the iest. most vile trash in the history activity or inactivity of Shivers, of Texas politics." Yarborough re- pudiated the letter and said his or- ganization had nothing to do with it. Yarborough declared "Goebbels smear sheets and Nazi and Corn- On out-of-state interference: Shivers: "On the other side change our schools, intimidate our j people." He has frequently claim-] ed that out-of-state labor leaders and politicians have been attempt- ing to take over the state. Yarborough: Said this was thej last week of a battle "to return the government of Texas to the hands of those who owned it in the days of its glory. We are going to replace hyphenated Republican- ism with leadership." This was a reference to Shivers' support of Republican candidates in the last Brazilian Chief Steps Down. Then Kills Self ers who want to change Texas, take a w a y our independence. Dulles Upholds Formosa Fight WASHINGTON' of itary problems and the other with State Dulles said today American forces would be justified in defend- ing some Nationalist-held islands between Formosa and the Chinese mainland from any Communist attack. Dulles told a news conference it would be up to American military leaders to decide which islands in addition to Formosa they want to defend as part of their overall strategy for aiding the Chinese. Nationalist stronghold. I Dulles spoke in the face of talk by Peiping of "liberating" the island of Formosa, now held by Chiang Kai-shek and the Chinese Nationalists. U. S. leaders have been inclined to discount the Pei- ping talk. i President Eisenhower already is on record as saying the U. S. 7th Fleet would protect Formosa from j a Red attack. Dulles appeared to) extending this line of reasoning by including some of the smaller Chiang-held islands near Formosa. In talking about Europe, Dulles told newsmen he deeply regrets France's unwillingness to agree with five other Western European countries on the European army plan. But he said he has not given up hope France will ratify the Eu- ropean army agreement when "it confronts the ultimate decision." In answering questions, Dulles also made these other points: 1. He tentatively plans to leave next Tuesday for Manila to repre- sent the United States at the South- east Asia Alliance Conference and to confer with Filipino leaders about defense problems in the area. He may stop off briefly in Japan and Formosa on his way home, 2. He refused to say whether Britain and the United States def- initely plan to go ahead with a program to restore West German sovereignty should France fail to approve the European defense proj- ect. 3. He deeply regrets the death of Brazilian President Getulio Var- gas. 4. Plans for dealing with possible subversion and arrangements to better economic conditions in the region will be considered at the Southeast Asia Defense Conference opening in Manila Sept. 6. He declined to spell out any pre- cise ideas on this point but said economic be possible to bring in nations which would not join a military alliance. In discussing the from Peiping about a possible invasion of Formosa, Pentagon sources said no serious evidence has shown up in intelligence reports that would indicate an imminent attack on the Chinese mainland. Yarborough Forces Stage Rally Tonight AGAINST MCCARTHY (Yarborough's side) stands a ie-j presidential election and his being sieging army of outsiders, outsid- crossmed on both party baUots two years ago. Actlvlty or inactivity: Yarborough: Hammered repeat- edly at what he called Shivers' "do nothing" record, said the gov- ernor had refused to use his au- thority as governor to settle the 10-month-old strike against Port Arthur business houses, promised to settle the strike within 30 days if he becomes governor, and on farming declared Texas farmers and ranchers "have an Ezra Ben- son-Allan Shivers six-bit parity that is wrecking the economy ofj the South Plains and West Texas" obvious reference to Shivers' i support of Republicans. He said: there was no drought program in a "Republican politi-; cai publicity program." Shivers: Said he always had I fought for Texas and had risked! his political life "to keep my word to the people of Texas" and defend the Texas claim to the tidelands. Ha said. "We are moving forward, j We are making progress. We have no sales tax on the poor and no state income tax on the wage earn- er and farmer. Your taxes are the sixth lowest in the nation and 1 am proud to say that while govern- ments the world over are operat- ing in the red. your state has 26 million dollars in the bank." Oat smears: modern Texas po- litical history, there has been no other campaign to compare with this. Night after night my opponent with handpicked friends and per- formers gathered about him, has come into your living room through television and radio to condemn me and deliberately at- tempt to humiliate my family. "He has been ashamed to stand Panel to Study 5 Main Charges WASHINGTON (9i A special Senate committee today announced five categories of charges on which it will start public hearings next Tuesday on the question of whether the Senate should censure Sen. Mc- Carthy Sen. Watkins (R-litahK chair- man of the bipartisan six member committee, said the charges Delegations from Colernan, Merkel and Haskell-are expected to join Abilenians in a Yarbor- ough-for-Governor rally tonight at the county courtroom. Documentary information on a Rio Grande Valley land deal and on printing contracts, both of which allegedly involve Allan Shivers, will be presented at the meeting. Jake. Sorrells Jr.. lo- Absentee Vole Nearly Double First Primary Absentee voting in Taylor Coun- ty may double the total of the first democratic primary July 24. With half a day's voting remain- ing before today's 5 p.m. dead- line, the total absentee ballots cast or mailed to potential vot- ers stood at 81 less than cast JrtM; ouiiclli Ji.. 1U- cal Yarborough campaign man- befora alone and take the re- r_ said sponsibiUty for his-------------- malice and bigotrv. Both pro-Shii-ers and ._ the ineitua ait. two dealing with mil-1 said. open meeting; Sorrells said. Dr. Max Leach. Abilene Chris- tian College faculty member, will be moderator. Sorrells said the two main is- sues to be discussed are the land deal in which Shivers allegedly made and a printing con- tract let to the Times Publishing Co. at Mission in which the gov- ernor and his wife assertedly own stock. The rally will be at p. m. will put his (Shivers') rec- ord on public trial." said Dr. Leach. "We will concentrate on these two changes, setting them forth from documented records. We will charge him with inability to defend himself on these two points. Papers have been prepared in advance and include only docu- mented evidence." Comment on the charges will be invited from the audience. Leach I sponsibility for his campaign of hatred and ashamed to sign their names to the obscene letters and pamphlets that they are sending through the mails." Yarborough: Said his opponent had used faked photographs and j a "smear sheet lifted right out j of Goebbels' (Js'azi propaganda ex-1 pert) notebook to scare farmers i and ranchers out of voting for aj Democratic candidate and a Dem-: ocratic p r o g r a m." Yarborough! said the faked photographs were of pickets in the strike at Port' Arthur carrying signs boosting his j candidacy for governor. On the mimeographed letter which Shiv- ers showed reporters Monday, Ynrborough's headquarters de- clared "the Yarborough campaign had absolutely nothing to do with the distribution or preparation of this document." The statement said the headquarters had investi- gated and had learned that a man not connected with any Yarbor- Through noon Tuesday, 563 bal- lots had been cast across the counter in the county clerk's of- fice. An additional 183 had been mailed to applicants. Whether all of these are returned will -not be determined Until the absentee bal- lot box judge opens the sealed en- velopes at 1 p.m. runoff election day. Thus the final total absentee voting figure will not be determined until Saturday. But the rush of voters who will be out of town Saturday or unable to come to the polls kept officials in the county clerk's office busy during the first half of the final day of voting. Sixty-nine votes were cast before noon. And a last- minute rush Tuesday afternoon could swell the total vote well past seemed to be "the most import- ant" of 46 filed by three senators who have urged that McCarthy's conduct be officially condemned. He emphasized, however, that these did not preclude the com- mittee from considering all the charges during tile course of fee public hearings, which will start Aug. one day later than previ- ously scheduled. The five categories include: 1. Alleged "incident of contempt of the Senate or a senatorial com- mittee" by centering j largely around his failure to testi- fy before a Senate elections sub- committee investigating his finan- ces in 1950. i 2. "Incidents of encouragement of United States employes to vio- late the law and their oaths of office or executive orders" in Mc- Carthy's appeal to federal employ- es to give him classified informa- tion about alleged Communists or subversives. 3. "Incidents involving receipt or use of confidential or classified documents or other confidential in- formation, from executive in connection with his receipt of a purported summary of an FBI espionage report in the McCarthy- Army hearings. 4. Incidents involving alleged "abuses" of other senators. Under this heading, the committee re- ferred to attacks McCarthy leveled at Sen.'Hendrickson (R-S and other members of the Senate sub- committee that investigated his financial affairs. 5. The charge Army, Air Force Oust 'Iron Man7 New El Paso Flood Possible ough organization circulated 25 responsible -had "called the per- sons to wiiom it was sent and apologized." By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS El Paso struggled out of a cloudburst-caused flood Tuesday while the Weather Bureau was predicting possible new cloud- bursts in the Franklin Mountains area which brewed El Paso's cur- rent high water troubles. The downpours measured up to 13 inches during the weekend in drought hit Eastern New Mexico. The runoff from the rains near j El Paso poured down the Franklin U. Hollis, 49, Dies in Del Rio levees along the Rio j Grande, About 25 families were evacuated. National Guardsmen stood by io _ stop any possible looting and to i help with sandbaaging where need- ed. that McCarthy abused Brig. Gen. Ralph Zwicker, commanding officer at Camp Kil- mer, N. J. McCarthy's questioning of Zwicker last February brought a vigorous protest from Array Sec- retary- Stevens and was one of the incidents that touched off the tele- vised McCarthy-Army hearings. Sen. Sfundt who pre- sided during the 36 days of hear- ings on misconduct charges Mc- Carthy and top Army officials had flung at one another, announced yesterday its four Republican members had reached agreement on language a majority report of findings. PRESIDENT VARGAS fulfills bis promise RIO DE JANEIRO tfl-Brazafs old iron man, Getulio Vargas, sent a bullet through his heart and died in his palace today after 58 gener- als forced him to quit as president. "To the wrath of my enemies I leave the legacy of my said a note left by the 71-year-old chief of the world's fourth largest country in area. "I take the sorrow of not being able to give to the humble all that I wished." Vargas stepped down from the presidency at dawn and shot him- self in his quarters at Catete Palace, the Brazilian White House, Gen. Caido da Castro, chief of his military staff, was with him. Po- lice said Vargas suddenly whipped a pistol from his pocket and shot, dying almost immediately. He thus fulfilled promise he RECORDS IN JAYTON Kent Fight Taken Back Into Court By WARREN BURKETT Reporter-News Staff Writer CLAIREMONT, Aug. The Kent "county seat case" is headed back for the courts. Three members of the commis- sioners court will go to the state courts in an effort to force re- moval of county records from Jay- ton back to Clairernont. .Commissioner Mark Cave an- nounced at a commissioners meet- ing Tuesday morning in the barren old courthouse that he and Com- missioners Jim Wyatt and A. C. Cargile are directing Attorney Dal- las Scarborough of Abilene to take the necessary legal steps. The county officials staged a quiet session this morning, meeting in a hallway of the vacated courthouse- Part of the group sat on steps leading up to the second floor, part on benches left m the hall- way. Present were the three pro- Clairemont commissioners, County Judge John Montgomery, his broth- er. Sheriff Jim Montgomery, Jay- i ton Co-jnissioner W. A. (Roy) Sodgers, County Clerk Gerald Fin- cher and Deputy Sheriff Wayne Stanaland. As 'Parade' Begins Seventeen reports were in and 77 still out at noon Tuesday on Besides money collected Tues- day, there were pledges of more the Pops' Parade on Polio, but of-jto come later by mail. ficials were pleased with the way Some chain stores had to write it was going. Reports already in amounted to between S400 and J500 for the Emergency March of Dimes, Chairman Alex Bickley reported. The 94 solicitors from seven Abilene service clubs visited lo- cal businessmen in an emergen- cy drive corresponding with the then: central offices for permis- to make their contribution, Mothers' March on Polio during the regular MOD. The two-hour drive was staged to help bring in more funds for VISITORS FROM Duchess of Kent fol- lows her daughter, Princess Alexandra, 17, as they leave i plane on arrival fit Quebec City on arriving from Britain. The royal pair will spend thrco weeks in Canada before visiting Ntw York on their wiy home. Heavy rains in Mexico caused a rise in the Rio Grande that forced closing of the international bridge between Presidio. Tex., and I Uie seriously-depleted treasury of j Ojmaga. Mexico. I the xalioml Foundation of Infiai- T. S. Horns. 49. member ot ai In other parts ot Texas, scat- me paralysis. pioneer Abilene family, died im- j tercd showers and rain Monday g0y from Eight, expectedly at Del Rio. his home, brought local relief from dry (headed by Sparky Mahan. were of a heart attack suffered early t weather. to coiled" the rest of the solici- The forecast called for scattered thtmdershowers through Tuesday. At Austin. Mrs. Carol Francis Armstrong. 21. mother of two chil- dren, was killed Monday night when struck by a bolt of lightning. Tuesday morning. He was the son of the late Dr. Tom Hollis and Mrs. Madse Hollis of 240 Grape St. The body will be brought to Abilene for funeral and burial. Laughter North Funeral Home will be in charge of arrange- ments. Mr. Hollis was an auto dealer and real estate man in Del Rio. Surviving him are his wife, the former Edith Baxter of Cole- man: one son, Tom. of San Antonio: his mother and one sis- ter. Madge Hollis ot Abilene. Mr. Hollis was a member of the Episcopal church and of the Lions Club. He was horn in Abilene .Ian. 26, 1905 ami attended schools here. As a youngster he worked for years as carrier for The Report- er-News, being employed by his cousin-in-law, the late M. B. Hunks, newspaper publisher. He was in ttw finance bus- iness here, then lived in Sun An- tonio for five years. He has been a Del Rio resident seven years. Durinc World II he work- id for a lit Kelly Air Force Bui in Antonio. Hot Weather Back After Monday Rains Monday's hopes for a soaking j faded fast today with the weath- erman's forecast; Clear to partly cloudy and hot. No rain. The unstable air masses which hovered over Abilene for several days let loose two show- ers over the city, an early morn- ing one yesterday which gave northside around a fifth of an inch and a Monday afternoon one which save southside about the same. The official measurement at the weather station was ,30 inch Monday afternoon, bringing the total the yew to 10.81 inches. Normal for the year is 11.69 in- tation kits and money this after- noon. Bickley said. The kits were distributed by three other Boy Scouts. Bar- ry Barker. 2MB Amarillo St.. Bill Fulls. 231S Palm St.. and Steve Kewton. 2225 Jeanette St.. Bick- lev said. THE WEATHER ABILENE ANtl VK3XITY ClfM to pftrtly ctoody and tot totush! an3 Wfdnwdav: tcdny. few tonisht 75. NORTH CENTRAL Md WEST Partly cloudy this attenww. tonUM and ivith scattered ihandMshowent. EAST and SOUTH TEXAS Partly rioudy to cloudy this afternoon, to- nistu and Wednesday with scattered show. crs. TKMfKltATl'RES Mm. A-M. M 75 I 74 1 TS M Tfi W M _ tedmr tmlfM rwdlut at p.m. homMltr at Maximum umnnttin lor :MKnr red MAN) ItM l.n.1 H. About 20 spectators sat around watching the courthouse, but nope attended the meeting. Judge Montgomery- said he was advised in Austin Monday that to roove tile records back to Claire mont now would "be a violation of the law." Clairernont folk lost a legal appeal after an election on mov- ing the seat. Three weeks ago the records were moved to temporary quarters ia an old bank building at Jayton. Three county commissioners ob- jected, saying the move was il- legal because it had not been of- ficially authoiraed by the Com- missioners Court. They insisted Ciairemont is stin the county seat until the move is officially order- ed by the court. The two sides agreed io a meet- ing here today. Commissioner Cave said the agreement reached in a closed meeting last week was that the records would be returned here and. in a rea- sonable time, the official move would be made back to Jayton. The three pro Ciairemont com- missioners and Attorney John Crutcnfield of Abilene arrived here early for the 10 a.m. session of the court. The Jayton group arrived at ajn. The courthouse was opened for the meeting. Earlier the sheriff had locked the abandoned building and nailed down windows which had made Sunday would leave office only under ar- rest or dead. That was after 28 general officers. of the air force asked him to resign to calm a tense .political and military situa- tion. Today 32 general officers of the army joined in the demand for Vargas" ouster. The army officers' petition was presented to Vargas this morning at Catete Palace. It was announced the president, who came to power in 1930 and ruled all but five years since then, had agreed to ask con- gress for leave of absence. Four hours later he was dead. Cafe To Succeed Joao Cafe Filho, vice president since 1951, was in line to succeed Vargas. The crisis that brought Vargas" ouster and death began Aug. S with the slaying of an air force major, Ruben Vaz, during an attempt to assassinate Carlos LaCerda, an anti-Vargas editor. The slaying aroused widespread indignation in j both the military and the press. This grew when it was discovered hat members of personal jody guard were involved. Vargas dissolved the guard. The crisis broke into rioting Aug. 11 following a mass for Maj. Vaz. Two persons were injured and campaign posters for Vargas' Bra- zilian Labor Party (PTB) torn down. "Vargas shouted the mob. The military acted quickly to prevent, further disturbances. The army; navy and air.iocce.issued a "joint declaration pledging their support of the constitution. Meantime the' air force andspo- lice arrested Climerio Almeida, member of and Jose Antonio Soares, a'palace employe as involved in the La- Cerda plot. They also seized Joao Alcino de Nascimento, as the al- leged trigger man. This situation arose at a time Brazil was undergoing severe economic stress. Last week the price of coffee was forced down, in terms of American dollars, and there have been predictions of fur- ther blows against Brazilian cur- rency. The air force, with Vargas1 per- mission, obtained the personal pa- pers of Gregorio Fortunato, husky former head of the disbanded pres- idential guard, and these papers may have provided material for the final push against Vargas. New demands for Vargas" resig- nation were made at an Aeronaut- ical Club meeting Saturday. Air force general officers conferred 10 hours Sunday and prepared 8 saying Vargas' resignation was tht only solution for the crisis. The army officers' memorial calling for Vargas to quit was pre- sented to him shortly after mid- night by Gen. Mascarenhas de Moraes, chief of the armed forces general staff, and War Minister POPS ON service dub solicitors in (he Pops' Parade on Polio de- scended on Abilene Chamber of Commerce President George Minter, seated, Tuesday for a contribution. Solicitors are, from left, Key City Kiwanian Hook Davis, AbUwc Kiwanian Paul Lindberg, and Rotarian George Foster. (Staff photo)
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