Abilene Reporter News, August 21, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

August 21, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, August 21, 1954

Pages available: 52

Previous edition: Friday, August 20, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, August 22, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas PARTLY CLOUDY WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTL.% AS IT V EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIV, NO. 62 Aaocimttd Prea (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe congress Quits; Last-Ditch Stand Record Praised _. _ Slated for EDC WASHINGTON a final land relayed Eisenhower's "appre-1 burst of legislating and oratory, i ciation for the service of the 83rd the 83rd Congress has broken for Congress and the record of ac- i home with President Eisenhower's! complislunent" it had made, thanks for its "record of accom-} There was a hail-fellow-well-met plishment." j atmosphere in both chambers, but In its final hours last night. Con-, botli Knowland and Senate Demo-1 .___ gress sent Eisenhower a social se- cratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson curity bill just about as he asked; of Texas fired paning political 11 for it and a federal workers each with an eye cocked to- if boost bill that Senate Republican j ward the fall election in which 37, Leader Knowland of California! Senate seats will be on the block, j warned may be vetoed. i Knowland said the 83rd Congress j The House adjourned with a: which the Republicans controlled i whooo and a holler at p.m. j by a knife-edge margin, had It won't return until Jan. 5. barring "acted decisively to safeguard the a special call from the President.! nation from enemies within its Meanwhile, most of its members j borders and to rid government, I will be battling for re-election! labor, education and all other i Kov. 2. I phases of American life from Jet Payment From Czechs WASHINGTON uv- The United States, accusing Czechoslovakia of acting "maliciously" and lying, congressional action on a bill to! would let history determine i has over for the shooting down of an American jet both benefit payments and the tax- j "bold, dynamic, progressive" pro- es that support them. gram that Eisenhower has said However, it stayed around for, will be the paramount issue in i another 3 hours and 12 minutes November, as some of the senators got some final remarks off their chests. It The Senate finished its last leg- j Communist infiltration and sub- Islative chore early in the evening i version." when, by voice vote, it completed j But Johnson countered that he i congressional action on a bill to j would let history determine I bring another 10 million persons i whether the legislative record ofisnooti under social security and to boost! this Congress represented the i plane I Itllal 1CUU11 UULli UIC also confirmed a few more post- and House as -thev j d masters before quitting at ings a presidential veto and p.m. Unlike the House, however, the Senate still has some unfinished business to dispose of later in the year. The Senate authorized its Repub- lican and Democratic leaders toiin ,with to recall it into session sometime in the fall to consider a report of a special committee studying cen- sure charges against Sen. McCar- thy That committee has tentatively scheduled public hear- ings to open Aug. 30. Just before the Senate adjourned for its indefinite vacation, Know- to tack a postal rate increase to I phrased. 4.500-word noie was .ie- the pay bill, but his proposal was j ih-ered to the Czech Foreign Min- voted down 55-16. Then the Senate istry in Prague three days ago. If Might Rain, Then Again li Might Not Shhhhh! We don't want to re- peat this too loudly. But the weatherman says those clouds hovering around Abilene may possibly come through with some thundershowers afternoon and- evening. Saturday And they'll be pretty good ones If they hit, the U. S. Weather Bu- reau says. But don't go talking that too loudly. You might spook those clouds and send them stampeding up to the northwest again. Most of the rain recorded by the local weather bureau Friday went from Big Spring to about 150 miles northwest of there. Damages were sought for the loss of an F84 jet fighter near the i boundary dividing the U.S. zone of The administration was dealt one i Germany from Czechoslovakia final rebuff by both the Senate j March 10. 1953. The pilot, Lt. Warren G. Brown of Henderson, Colo., parachuted to safety. He was flying one of two U.S. planes dispatched to look into the presence of a pair of Soviet-built M1G planes near Pilsen, on the border. The State Department de- clared radar proved neither Amer- passed a bill to give million government employes an average 5 per cent pay raise. The administration position was that such a raise should go hand postal rates to cover most of the estimated 380-million-dollar cost of the new paycheck increases. Knowland made a futile effort! ican aircraft left the U.S. zone at any time. The d e p a ment's strongly passed the pay bill 69-4. Later, the the measure on a voice vote- In connection with the pay raise squabble. Democratic Sen. Edwin C. Johnson of Colorado, who is retiring voluntarily at the end of this year, tried to hand his col- leagues a goodby present But in- stead of thanking him for the ges- ture, his fellow senators recoiled in horror. He offered an amendment to in- crease the salaries of Congress members and federal judges from the present a year to 000. Democrats, Republicans and Sen. Morse of Oregon, the Senate's lone It suggested that any dispute over the claim be placed before the International Court of Justice. The U.S. claimed for the plane and equipment: for the "willful and unlawful conduct of the Czechoslovak for the pilot, hospitalized j by the jump, and for thej second pilot. Capt. Donald C. Smith of MarysviUe, Ohio, who evaded, the MIGs and returned to his base unharmed. Heretofore, the Czechs have in- sisted the MIGs fired in self-defense after Brown's plane crossed into Czechoslovakia and refused to land as ordered. The unusually sharp U.S. note in frantic oppo-1 accused Czechoslovakia of "malic- sition. Several notefl the upcoming iously" and without cause directing election and hinted the voting pub- the attack. It termed "contrary to lie might not take kindly to a last- the truth" Czech assertions that minute, self-voted congressional the American jets flew into Czecho- pay raise. In the end. Johnson withdrew his amendment. Slovakia, ignored an order to land and opened fire. Shivers, Yorborough Press Stump-Speaking Vote Drives MR. SCRUBJIAN 3.C. George Dohn, Union Gap, Wash., plays at being president as he tries out the chair President Eisenhower will use to conduct business when he vacations in Colorado. Dohn and other Lowry AFB airmen have been cleaning the second floor-administration offices which will be .used by the President. Ike Leaves lor Work-Play Vacation at Colorado Site By BRUCE HENDERSON Associated Press Staff With election day one week off. Gov. Allan Shivers and Ralph Yar- borough pressed their stump-speak- ing vote drives Saturday. Yarborough said Friday night Shivers is asking Texans "to ac- cept the one-man state." Shivers said Yarborough is "chasing left- wing butterflies." The two are opponents for the Democratic gubernatorial nomina- tion to be decided in a runoff pri- mary' election next Saturday. Shivers campaigned Saturday at Alvin, Angleton and Freeport.Yar- borough swung through Cleveland, Conrae, Huntsville, Crockett and Centerville and was to speak at a rally in Palestine Saturday night. Both stumped the industrial coast Friday. Shivers visited Texas City, Dickinson. Lamarque and Galveston. Yarborough went to Or- ange, Port Arthur and Beaumont. Yarborough declared at a Beau- mont night rally Shivers "is asking the people of Texas to accept the one-man alien idea un- der which European countries have lost their liberties." Shivers told a night rally at Gal- veston Yarborough "was always chasing something and this time he's chasing leftwing butterflies." Shivers said "the eyes of the na- tion" are on this it isn't an issue of individual candi- dates but ideas of government. Both speeches were broadcast statewide. Yarborough said insurance com- panies which were "fleecing the people of Texas" are "cardboard companies propped up by Governor Shivers' Insurance Commission- all three of its members were ap- pointed by him." Earlier, at Orange, the Austin attorney and former district judge said if elected he would immedi- ately "remove Shivers' appointed" insurance c o m m i s sioncrs and "clean up the insurance mess in Texas." Shivers told a crowd estimated at 5.000 on Galveston's Stewart Beach that Yarborough's own sup- porters "realize that he has talked out of both sides of his mouth." to be left out in the cold." Shivers said. Shivers said his opponent was largely backed by groups sympa- thetic to communism. He said Tex- as highways are among the na- tion's best and that he wanted to point out reforms in the Texas prison system made during his administration. Yarborough said "bossism" is scouring the mesquite to get votes for Shivers and said the attorney who represents the interests of South Texas politico George Parr is working in border counties for Shivers. Shivers declared Yarborough is "ashamed of Texas" and is trying to talk Texas into a depression when there are more people on the payroll than ever before in the state's history. Before his bead) speech, Shivers spoke to a of an estimated Negroes. Shivers repeated before the Negroes- against desegregation stand WASHINGTON Ei- senhower left Washington this morning for a work-and-play stay in Colorado, where he'll plan a speaking campaign to help fellow Republicans win firmer control of the next Congress. Th President and Mrs. Eisen- hower left Washington National Airport aboard his plane, the Co- lumbine, for the flight to Denver. As the President paused in his .short walk to the gangway .to I speak to an acquaintance, Mrs. Eisenhower turned back to say that "I'm in a hurry" while pho- tographers took their customary departure pictures. The President wore a brown suit, shoes and tie and hat to match. The First Lady traveled in a grey outfit. A second plane was waiting at the airport when the presidential craft took under gray, rain laden clouds, to carry a group of White House aides and officials who will staff the chief executive's working office at Lowry Air Force Base, Denver. As the President left the capi- tal, he was obviously pleased with the way his legislative program fared in the Congress session that was adjourned last night. White House aides claimed the chief executive batted about 84 per cent in the congressional session which adjourned last night. They said passage of 54 of 65 adminis- tration proposals by closely divided Senate and House added up to a "pretty good" average. About a score of Uie Eisenhower- supported measures remained to be signed. The President ordered these and a lot of other unfinished business put aboard his plane, the Columbine, for the SH-hour flight to Denver. The President also arranged to races to continue as they are doing of his promises, somebody is going CONTESTANT CRAWLS TO WIN Another champ- ionship has been decided in, the toddler set. Ronald BUchner, 18 months, it the fastest crawler in the coun- try. He won the crown in the annual tiny tot track champ- ionship at Palisadei Park, N.J. CndU ehampioM MM the crawl stroke paced by mirrors held in front of them. That speeds their pace and keeps them in' the proper lane. Ronald won a U. S. Savings'Bond and a big kiss from his mother, Mrs. Lolande Blechner, Bronx, N.Y. shown at right, for hit Monday and Aug. 30. Other speeches are planned for Sep- tember. Another sign that preparations for the fall election campaign al- ready are gathering speed was Ei- senhower's agreement to sandwich into the brief space between break- picture-taking with 39 GOP House candidates. One of Eisenhower's first shores on arrival will be to draft a half- hour speech on what he regards as administration accomplish- ments. The speech will be televised on all networks and broadcast over ABC at S p.m., EOT, Monday. CBS radio will record it for trans- mission at 10 p.m. and MBS will rebroadcast it at p.m. Among bills the President will study at Denver are those carry- ing out the administration's farm, atomic energy and social security programs and a measure to out- law the Communist party and strip Red-infiltrated labor unions of their legal standing before the Na- tional Labor Relations Board. Eisenhower plans to make at least four speeches during the six weeks or so he is to be away from Washington. As they did last year, the Ei- senhowers will stay at the Denver home of Mrs. Eisenhower's mo- ther, Mrs. John S. Doud. The Pres- ident will have an office at near- by Lowry Ah- Force he expects to spend several hours each day at work before driving to the Cherry Hill Country Club for golf. He also plans to get in some trout fishing on the ranch of his friend Aksel Nielsen. Denver bus- inessman. Thai's near Fraser, 70 miles west of Denver on the west- ern slopes of the Rockies, THE WEATHER V.S. BEPAXTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BCTEAC ABILENE AND VICINITY cloudy wilh scattered nrdw anernooa and nisht. Scadxy parUy doudr wittt mild temperatures. Maximum temperature for today tow lor tonight TO. Hish for Sunday 95. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy this aforaooa. tonitfu and Sunday with scattered No Imror. tant temperature changes. WEST TEXAS Partly ctootr this afternoon, tonight and Sunday with scat- tered thundershowers. Local thunderstorms In Panhandle and South Plains tonight. Cooler in Panhandle Sunday. EAST and SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon. ttvnlcht and Sunday with widely scattered thunderahowers. Moderately to locally fresh south and southeast winds oa coast. TCMrKKATCBKS Fri. P.JC. Sal. A.M. 93 M S3 SS 11 M SS 91 78 88 79 M JT B M aj HUH and tow tenptratum tor boon nuta! at a.m.: K and 71, lffc and tow ttmptraturfa HIM year: B ni 11. MUM hit Uy MliM Kanwttar IMMI M B.U. MaMn at Hlf laai Six Nation Talks End On Sad Note BRUSSELS, Belgium tft-Unable to agree" after two days of hard bargaining, the foreign ministers of France and five other West Eu- ropean nations make a last-ditch try today to salvage the Europe-1 an army plan. The ministers wound up a mara- thon eight-hour session early this morning after hours of gloom and threats of deadlock over France's proposed changes in the Eurooean Defense Community Treaty. West' Germany, Belgium, the Nether- lands and Luxembourg already have ratified the pact. France and Italy have not Unwilling to admit defeat, the foreign ministers assigned a com- mittee of defense, legal and econ- omic experts to meet again today to try working out details of a compromise proposed by Belgian Foreign Minister Paul-Henri Spaak. Compromise Plan The ministers planned to take up the compromise plan in an aft- ernoon session. This probably will be the final attempt at a settle- ment in the parley, which had been scheduled to end yesterday. Spaak's formula calls for taking, up unsettled issues after France! and Italy have ratified the treaty. But French Premier Pierre Men- des-France feels a pledge to re- open negotiations later is not enough to help him get EDC ap- proved the balky French Par, liament, Only Spaak seemed' after Uurbreaknp of ttie long ses- sion rooming. He "We went through all the questions without reaching a deadlock" and added, he .still had "some Mendes-France told reporters, "Things .are .going badly." West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, emerging from the ses- sion tired and drawn, said, "What good can you expect at such a bad The French Parliament still has not ratified the treaty, 27 months after it was signed, and Mendes- France says it never will unless his proposals are accepted. He wants, among many other things, to delay for eight years the supranational features of EDC whereby an international commis- sariat would make administrative decisions on defense for an mem- ber nations. German Controls It is through this device that the other nations would be given controls over Germany to pre- vent a rebirth of nationalistic militarism. Envoys of the four nations which have won legislative approval of the unified army plan say they can't accept anything that would require their parliaments to con- sider it anew. The French revisions, which would change EDC into little more than a six-nation coalition, certain- ly would require new parliamen- tary action. On this issue there seems to be little chance of com- promise. Italy is in the lineup against the French revisions. Committees of the Italian Parliament already have made their reports on EDC. and ratification was expected this fall. Spaak said today his compro- mise plan embraced three steps: 1. A conference declaration ac- cepting certain French revisions. 2. A conference directive to the Council of Ministers, after EDC is formed, to implement other revi- sions proposed by France. 3. A new foreign ministers meet- ing soon to re-examine any re- maining differences. 30 Points Made His proposals involved 30 points, the Belgian minister said, and a "certain number" had been agreed upon already. He declined to dis- close what they were. Others were more gloomy. One informant, for instance, said not one major French amendment had been accepted. The United States appeared to be edging into the ring yesterday. David K. Bruce, U.S. special am- bassador for European integration projects, asrived in Brussels last night fronx" Paris. His activities were kept secret. Earlier, Mendes-France called on M. Alger Jr.. Amer- ican ambassador to Belgium, to give him on the progress of the talks. The Brussels newspaper Le Pcu- ple said U.S. Secretary o( State Dulles cabled the French Premier urging him to keep working tor the succm EDC. but (Ms could not be Iran 119 source.' WE'LL HAVE DINNER READY, first married hostess in Braniff Airways' 26-year history, Mrs. J. E, Johnson, Carrollton, Tex., near good- lye to her two children, her husband and his-mother as she.prepares to take off. Like some other married hostess- she volunteered for temporary duty because of a boost in the line's travel caused by increased summer business and a strike on another major linei All married hostesses are on the Chicago-Dallas non-stop run. They leave after breakfast dishes are done and return in time for dinner. 'Jury'Plans Major Effort In Senate Probe of McCarthy WASHINGTON .senator- that probed the'Mc- Carthy-Army controversy planned a. major effort today behind cWsed doors to break through bar- Tiers'" of. discord and agree upon a Chairman .who presided ait hearings by "the Senate Investigations subcommit- tee, said failure to agree would mean a lapse of weeks or months before the group's seven mem- bers could meet again. Prospects for agreement "are not good, but they're not hope- Mundt told a news1 confer- ence last night. Sen. McCleilan of Arkansas, senior Democrat on the subcom- mittee, said he considers it is "not possible to agree" today. He's writing a proposed statement of what he thinks the hearings showed but said. "It isn't quite finished." Some senators have said private- ly there has been delaying friction within the subcommittee, some of it because of sheer weariness in the hard grind of the Congress windup, and some due to resent- ment against alleged efforts to "steer" the findings. Meanwhile, Chairman Watkins (H-TJtah) of a special bipartisan committee that will hold a new and wider investigation of Mc- Carthy, scheduled a conference with McCarthy's lawyer to discuss procedural and other matters. Watkins said be does not plan to propose a postponement of his group's public hearings from then- scheduled Aug. 30 starting date, but that he does not rule out the possibility that the subject will be mentioned. Tne special committee will into charges leveled at McCarthy j as possible grounds for censure I action by the Senate. Mundt said if members of the McCarthy-Army "jury" can't agree on a report now he will ask them to choose from among _thesp possi- ble 1. Recess until sometime after mid-September, -when he. would call them back into session. 2 Call off negotiations BHtS ths Senate it plans the fall or winter to the Watkins committee's report. 3. Let the Republicans and Dem- ocrats try to agree on separate re- corts-by mail polls. 4. Have member four Republicans and three Democrats a separate verdict, and file them together as a single docu- ment Mundt termed "this the least desirable of the four. The hearings were a public air- ing of charges by tie Army that McCarthy and Roy M. Conn, tha subcommittee's former chief coun- sel, had sought by improper means to get favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a drafted sub- committee aid. McCarthy and Coon counter- charged that Secretary of tha Army Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams had used Schine as a "hostage" in efforts to check- mate subcommittee investigation' of the Army- Each side swore to the truth of: its accusations and denied under oath the other's accusations. Mundt said the main obstacle to writing a report on.hearings, which ended June 17, has been "not enough time to sit down and poo! our thinking." He said there is a "very wida area of agreement'' about fixing responsibility among the princi- pals in the dispute. BY CONGRESS Social Security Bill Extended WASHINGTON has passed a bill liberalizing and ex- tending the social security system just about as President Eisen- hower wanted. The measure aroused some pre- adjournment political bickering, but both House and Senate shouted approval of a compromise version late yesterday and the major legislation of the 83rd Con- to Eisenhower for his expected signature. It will increase present and fu- ture benefits to retired persons and survivors, boost taxes to finance the higher payments and bring an additional 10 million persons under the 20-year-old system. This was one of the key bills in the Eisenhower legislative program and one from wiiich the Republi- cans expect to reap a political harvest. Particularly is this true since the increased payments to 6U million persons now on the rolls will go out about the first of October, when UM fall for control of Concmt will in full urine. Denwcratt, howtwr, knht voters win not forget that system originated under a Demo- cratic administration and Congress and that the Democratic party has fought to expand it. The bill will extend social secu- rity coverage to nearly all working people in America, whether they are employed by others or are self-employed. The biggest new group brought into the system comprises farmers and additional farm hands.' Farm coverage aroused a last- minute controversy in the Senate over the bill as finally worked up by a Senate-House conference. The Senate had excluded farm opera- tors, but House conferees stood firm on this point and finally won over to their side the three Senate Republican conferees. Sen. George senior Dem- ocratic conferee, wai not happy about the outcome. He shouted to the Senate that social wenrity wu Intended to protect todortrW work- en and the tat raw ;