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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 14, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR, HOT Sbflene EVENING' FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXX1V, NO. 56 Auoeiated Pres. (AF) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, AUGUST PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY IQc Mendes-France PARIS Pierre Men- des-France today sent to the other five nations of the European De- fense Community treaty project a long list of changes he wants ap- proved before France gives her ratification. The message to Luxembourg, the Netherlands. Belgium. Italy and West Germany went by ordinary diplomatic channels. Mendes- France wished to give the other nations plenty of time to study the documents before the Aug. 19 meet- ing of the six foreign ministers in Brussels. The Premier was moving ahead with his project despite the resig- nation of three of his ministers last night in protest against the deci- sion to bring up the EDC treaty for ratification. The debate is scheduled to start in the National Assembly Aug. 28. The Social Republican party, to which the three resigning minis- ters belong, gave its blessing to their action. "The Social Republi- cans who are followers of Gen. Charles de Gaulle, said Mendes- France's proposed modifications fail to go far enough. They com- plained that the principle of supra- nationality had not been altered and that there had been nothing to remove the old objection against trying to unify Europe with only six nations. The men who stepped out of the cabinet were Defense Minister Gen. Pierre Koenig. Public Works Min- ister Jacques Chaban-Delmas and Reconstruction Minister Maurice Lemaire. The De Gaullists helped win Mendes-France the premiership last June. Large sections of the Social Republican (De GaullisO bloc voted for his confirmation in the Assembly. Mendes-France said the three would not be replaced at present. He called on three other Cabinet members to double up and take over the vacant ministries until the EDC debate winds up in the Assembly. The Assembly is scheduled to begin debate Aug. 28. A rocky road lies ahead for the dynamic (premier in his campaign to align France with some sort of defense plan. The first obstacle will be at Brus- sels where the foreign ministers of the six nations are slated to meet Thursday. Mendes-France will have to persuade the other five that they should accept EDC modifications as a price for getting French parliamentary approval. Fragmentary reports which leaked out of the Cabinet Indicated that in general terms the following modifications were proposed: 1. Shorten the duration of the treaty from 50 years apparently to make it conform to the life of the North Atlantic Treaty which provides an escape clause with one year's notice after 1969. 2. Provision lor reexamination and possible withdrawal of EDC members in case American and British troops are pulled.out of Eu- rope or Germany is unified. 3. Decentralization of executive powers vested in the commissariat to leave more authority in the hands of the individual govern- ments. 4. Extension of the transition period for putting the treaty fully into effect from three to eight years, instead of the present in- terim of 18 months to three years. 5. The integration of forces would apply only to advance ele- ments. This presumably would avoid the possibility of having Ger- man troops stationed on French soil. 6. Increase the number of cases in which the EDC Council of Min- isters must act unanimously thus, in effect, extending the right of veto. On Rat Killing Being Held Up Mayor C. E. Gatlin Saturday in- structed City Manager Austin Han- cock to pick up a letter of intro- duction he issued to R. F. Wood of Pascagoule. Miss., to present to citizens in the general campaign [or rats and mice eradication. The hold-up of the letter will be until Mr. Wood's plans, reputation and ability to conduct such a drive investigated. The action was taken after a conference of the May'or and Cits- Manager with a group of Pest Con- irol leaders in Abilene who had protested the issuance of the let- er. The protestants were Felix Rosser and Burt Freeman of the Miracle Laboratory; Lester Hum- phrey, of the Lester Humphrey Control Co.; S. E. Clayton of the Clayton Chemical Co.; M. V. Show- alter and R. L. Showalter. The latter is secretary of the Texas Pest Control Association and a di- rector of the Clayton Chemical Co. The pest control protestants ques- tioned his statement that Abilene had rats, or a number equal to the human population, and his methods of eradication. Mayor Gatlin told the group he did not write the letter with any intention to hurt anyone. M. V. Scofield said Abilene about 20 years ago had many rats but the city was now almost-free. In this the Mayor concurred. Mayor Gatlin said he wrote a letter of introduction for Wood to aid in the eradication. City Mgr. Hancock said that Wood came to him, told him of the rat menace, and he sent him to the Health Department. "I guess I marie a mistake." the Mayor told the group frankly. "I meant only to give him a letter of introduction for carrying on the work." Ike Thinks New Anti-Red Bill Would Make Commie 'Martyrs' THURMOND Sid. I is aimed at wiping out Communist- Eisenhower was pictured today as convinced a Senate-approved bill to outlaw the Communist party would make "propaganda mar- tyrs" of Reds in this country. He reportedly will try to persuade the House to kill the measure. An administration official famil- iar with the views of the President who is spending the weekend at his Catoctin Mountain lodge here, also told newsmen Eisenhower is in complete agreement with Atty. Gen. Brownell and FBI Chief J. Edgar Hoover on the matter. Both men have opposed outlaw- ing the Communists on the grounds it would drive them underground and make it much more difficult to keep track of them. The administration source here, who asket' not to be named, said the President or his aides proba- bly will talk privately with House leaders in an effort to get the bill shelved. Eisenhower will have an oppor- tunity to do so Monday in Washing- ton at his regular weekly meeting v.ith Republican legislative leaders. The bill to outlaw the Communist party was passed by the Senate Thursday night by vot of S3 to 0. Sen. Humphrey iD-Minn) led the successful surprise move which combined the outlawing provision with another anti-Communist weap- on the administration does want. That other section of the bill, authored by Sen. Bulicr iR-Mdi. controlled labor unions.
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