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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - August 3, 1954, Abilene, Texas HOT gbtlme l-'l-fl EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXXIV, NO. 45 Aaociated Pnm (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, AUGUST 3, 1954 PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe FBI Raids Nab 2 More Top Commies DENVER lfl The FBI has seized two more alleged top Com- munists in a 24-hour roundup that has netted seven arrests. Agents picked up Joseph William SeberreV, 34. and his wife Maia. 36. yesterday. Scherrer was ar- rested at his home in Pueblo. Colo., and his wife at Denver's Municipal Airport, where the FBI said she was for someone. Four oiiiKS were arrested here Sunday. They were Arthur Bary. 42; his wife Anna. 29; Harold Zep- elin, 28; and Lewis M. Johnson, 34. Almost simultaneously, Mrs. Pa- tricia J. Blau. 42, was arrested at her Los Angeles home. All seven were arraigned before V-S. commissioners on charges of violating the Smith Act. which makes it a crime to advocate forci- ble overthrow of the government. Ths six arrested in Colorado were allowed individual bonds by U. S. Commissioner Joseph Neff. They are held in Den- ver County Jail. Mrs. Blau is in Los Angeles County jail in lieu of bail. A hearing on her return to Denver is scheduled Thursday. Preliminary hearings for the six arrested in Colorado have been set for Aug. 16. They are expected to appear before a federal grand jury convening here Aug. 23. The FBI said Scherrer and his Brooklyn-born wife have been ac- tive in the Civil Rights Congress, an organization on the Attorney General's subversive list. Mrs. Blau, the FBI said, was named in 1950 to the Communist party's Executive Committee after serv- ing as organizational secretary of the Communist Political Assn. in Buffalo. N.Y. WOMEN INVADE AUSTIN Weather to Remain Hot; Rain Unlikely Abilene's weather menu will be more of the same Tuesday and clear and hot. The forecast Tuesday morning called for clear to'partly cloudy skies with a maximum tempera- ture near 100 today and Wednes- day, The low temperature Tuesday night will be .about 75." Maximmrr reading Monday was 97 and the low early Tuesday morning was 73. A weather forecaster said any showers that might fall would be "few and far between." None was expected for the Abilene area. THE WEATHER US DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHEK BUREAC ABILENE AND VICINITY Clear to partly cloudy and continued not. Maximum temperature Taesday and Wednesday, near Low Tuesday night, near 75. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Clear to cloudy and warm through Wednes- day, with isolated afternoon and evening WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy and warm Ihrousn Wednesday and with widely mattered thnndershowers. mostly at night. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Clear io dny. with isclalti afternoon and ei-enine thundershowers in extreme north. Moderate to fresh southerly winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES Tues. A.M. 94 last nlsht p-ir __ _ Sunritt to- day 5-55 a.m. Sunset tonight p.m Maximum and minimum temperatures durinc Ust 21 noun ending at a.m. Tcadiaf p.m. 38.15. Relative humidity at P.m. Wr. WILDE AND EX-WIFE MEET IN Patricia Knight, left, and her ex- husband, Cornel Wilde, eye each other in a Los Angeles court as they waited for her petition for Increased child support to be heard. Miss Knight wants Wilde to pay monthly for support of their daughter, Wendy, 11, citing increased cost of living since 1951 when Wilde was ordered to pay per month. Shivers Calls for Truth Campaign1 in Runoff Battle By BRUCE HENDERSON Associated Press Staff The runoff election fight between Gov. Shivers and Ralph Yarbor- ough got hotter Tuesday with a "clothespin brigade" of women out working for Yarborough. Shivers forces planning a house to house vote drive and new charges fly- ing. Shivers backers claimed contin- ued control of state Democratic party machinery. Results of Satur- day's county conventions indicate pro-Shivers conservatives will be in the saddle at the state party convention in Mineral Wells Sept. 14. Shivers and Yarborough were forced into the Aug. 28 runoff for governor because neither got a majority of the total vote in the July 24 first primary, which had a 4-man field. Shivers led by about votes. Politicians see their struggle as a test between conservative Demo- crats and so-called liberals. Yar- borough is considered the liberals' champion. Former Tax Collector Draws Jail Term for Tax Evasion NEW YOKK Joseph D. Nunan Jr.. once the nation's head tax collector, was sentenced today to five years imprisonment and a fine for income tax evasion. Nunan was sentenced by Judge Walter Bruchhausen who said that Xunan's conduct "cannot be con- doned.'' The judge said Nunan's crime was made greater by the fact that he had been charged with tn- forcing the laws. Nunan was appointed U.S. com- missioner of Internal Revenue by the late President Franklin D. Roosevelt and served in the post from 1944 to 1947. He was convicted on a five count indictment in which he was ac- cused of reporting his income for 1946 to 1950 as when it actually was The govern- ment said he paid taxes totaling when he should have paid Nunan's attorney. Richard J. Burke, said the verdict would be appealed. He asked that Nunan be permitted to remain free, in the bail previously posted. The judge took the motion under ad osement. Nunan made no comment as he was sentenced. His attorney had asked that his age of 57 be consid- ered. In sentencing Nunan, Judge Jruchhausen said he was not at .his time concerned with the actual collection of tax that Nunan had :ailed to pay. but was interested only in giving "adequate punish- ment" for Nunan's deeds. Veteran Callahan Attorney Dies BAIRTX Aug. 5 Felix E; Mitchell. 71. Callahan County attorney since 1932. died unexpect- edly at his home here at p.m. Monday. Hit death was attributed to a heart attack. Funeral arrangements were in- complete Tuesday morning. They will be announced by Wylie Fu- neral Home. Mr. Mitchell had taught school years before becoming a law- yer. He taught in several counties, iiis first position being with the old Brittain Training School, 3 col- lege, at Scranton. Ho passed the Texas bar exam- ination in 1929 and begnn the prac- tice of law at Cross Plains. He was elected county attorney in 1932 and held the position until the time of his death. Mr. Mitchell was active until his death. He was in Abilene Monday talk with District Judge J. R. Block. Mr. Mitchell was born Dec. 30, 1881 in Erath County and was married to the former Mcnville fUisjell Oct. 20, 1903 near Curtis in Eartland County. Survivon include his wife: six daughters, Mrs. 0. C. Rouse of Vort Worth, Mrs. A. A. Manion of Baird, Mrs. Richie Bellamy of HoswcH, N. M., Mrs. Vcrnc McElrnth, with her husbnnd, Trnv- FELIX MITCHELL heart attack fatal is Air Force Base, Calif., Mrs Fred Thompson of Clinton, Okla., and Mrs. V. V. Scarpclli of-Mid- land: two sons, John H. Mitchel of Mcdford. Ore., and Dan Mit chcll of Cottonwood; ont'brother Kmmctt Mitchell of Colorado City two sisters, Mrs.'George Plummer of Seymour and D.'.F. WoW oil of Gatveston; II gTantkhilarvn and t grcnt Women from more than 30 towns converged on Austin Monday to form a "clothespin brigade" to win the women's vote for Yarbor- ough. They formed the "Texas Women for Yarborough" dub with Mrs. Xillian Collier of Mumford presid- ing. Shivers spoke at Tyler Monday night to some 400 campaign work- ers. Shivers called for a "campaign of truths" and hit hard at several issues of the pre-primary cam- paign. He defended his position on teacher pay. Shivers suggested voters "find out why people in Ralph Yarbor- ough's home precinct voted for Al Ian Shivers "Something must be wrong when your neighbors vote against you in those Shivers declared He referred to his margin in the Austin precinct where Yarborough lives. "Look out for false promises where bloc votes are cast in ratios up to 11 to Shivers said. "Rumors have been spread ev erywhere. I have been accused o vetoing the ?600 teachers' pay bill when it is well-known that no bil reaches the Governor's office un less there is revenue voted for it Dulles Says Reds Break Korea Pact 38 Believed Safe in Fiery Plane Crash PRESTON, Conn, four- engined Paris to New York Con- stellation with 37 persons aboard crashed and burst into flames on a rain-sodden farm today. First reports said that none was killed, but some were sped to nearby hospitals. A witness reported the big Air France plane barely missed a house before landing in the field with a terrific crash. Almost im- mediately, flames enveloped the ship. Air France reported in New York that the plane carried 29 passen- gers and a crew of eight .One of the passengers, state police said, was a baby. Aaron Rosenstein, New York clothing manufacturer, was among the passengers who fled the flam- ing ship. "The passengers were screaming and then there was a terrible he said. "I saw many passengers leaving the wreckage." He himself escaped with a scratched hand although he said he was the last to leave the plane. The plane mowed down a row of trees on the farm of Valentine Sebastian. It then plowed into a garage, demolishing an automo- bile. The plane left Paris last night It was due at Idlewild Airport in New Yortat ajn. iut rain and low ceiling prevented it from landing. Hosenstein said the plane crack- ed up at.about 9 a.m., minutes after the passengers were ordered to fasten their safety belts. State police at Groton reported the crew and 28 passengers "plus a baby" got out safely and that the plane continued to burn. The plane was in contact with control towers at Hillsgrove, K.I., State Airport and the Quonset Na- val Air Station and reportedly in- formed personnel at those uiaces the ship was "running out of gas." Special Senate Panel Slated For McCarthy investigation WASHINGTON W-A 75-12 vote of the Senate last night consigned a special bipartisan committee a censure move aimed at Sen. McCarthy and evidently signaled a lengthy new investigation of the Wisconsin Republican's conduct. Sen. Knowland of California, the GOP leader, predicted appointment ay Vice President Nixon "within 48 hours" of a six-member inquiry committee charged with sifting nearly 50 overlapping charges against McCarthy. Uie Senate's controversial Red hunter. In the face of a setback in his efforts to force an immediate showdown on the censure issue, McCarthy called for "morning, af- ternoon and evening sessions" of the group to draft a speedy report. 'All I want is a vote by the he declared in an inter- view. McCarthy dramatically told the Senate just before it voted last night that he wants his senatorial critics put under" oath before the special committee to repeat their "scurrilous false" charges. If they do that, he said, they will ''either indict themselves for perjury" or "prove what consum- mate liars they are." The Senate's vote sent to the special committee a censure mo- tion by Sen. Flanders (R-VU which Flanders punctuated by reading a list of M counts against six specific accu- sations against McCarthy by Sen. Fulbright seven some- what similar charges by Sen. Morse (Ind-Orc) and proposals for study of any charges in the Senate's investigating rules. Knowland snid he expects the Senate Republican and Demo- cratic Policy Committees to meet quickly to select the "fine, able who have not become parti- sans in this matter" he said ought to comprise the inquiry group. At the demand o( Sen. Ivos !R- Knowland amended his mo- tion to 'cull for ii progress report from the group before Congresi adjourns, perhaps within two weeks. The majority leader said if :he committee finds it can't com- Dlete its investigation by then, the Senate will have to decide whether it wants to stay on in Washington to await a final report while House members go home. Fulbright said he thinks the chances are "very remote" that :here will be any final report be- fore the next Congress meets in January. He said he doubts three Demo- crats and three Republicans will ever agree on McCarthy, and add- ed that the committee could die automatically with the expiration of the present Congress. Forty Republicans. 34 Democrats and Sen. Morse voted for Know- land's proposal to set up the spe- cial committee, thus breaking through the tangle that had kept the Senate in boiling argument since Friday. Three Cooper Duff and vofed against the resolution, as did nine Fulbright, Chavez Douglas Hen- niags Hill Humphrey Lehman Magnuson (Wash) and Monronev ARMAS FORCES BATTLE Carlos Castil- lo Annas, left, wtiose liberation army swept the pro-Com- munist government from power in Guatemala, faced new- troubles Monday as cadets and officers of the military academy revolted. Armas immediately mobilized his libe- ration army to meet the threat and named Maj. Enrique Oliva, right, as one of the commanders of the unit. This picture was made last month when control of Guatemala passed to the Armas forces. Guatemala High Junta Orders President's NO TAX HIKE, BUT: School Budget Hiked Estimated public-schools' budget for the 1954-55 school year is 5310.- 312.10 more than the.one adopted for the 1953-54 term. That report was given to the Abilene School Board Monday night by Supt. A. E. Wells. He gave copies of his budget recommendations to the trustees for study, pending a vote of the board on its approval. He .figures it will cost 156.10 to operate and maintain the school system during the coming year, beginning Sept. 1. The amount budgeted for the 52- month jfcriod closing this Aug. 31 was Wells estimated that the actual cxpcnditwss for the year just end- ing were or 791.96 less than the sum placed in the old budget. The superintendent estimated that tor the 1954-55 school year will be He thnt the balance on hand at the See story oa Romine resigna- tion, page Z-A. end of this August would be S43.757.10. Amount which Wells said the schools would require from City of .Abilene taxes in the coming year is approximately the .same as for the year just closing. His new budget calls for from city taxes, compared with bud- geted for the year just closing and compared with the ac- tually received in the present year. State funds expected as receipts in the coming school year total This compares with the to tin have year estimated been received during just ending. The budget requim approval of both the school board and I'M City Commiision, GUATEMALA fa Guatemala's ruling military junta ordered Pres- ident Carlos Castillo Annas' pri- vate army to disband and go home today, but the action generated rising public resentment- An Amer- ican Embassy spokesman said there was a possibility of a popular uprising in the capital. The junta ordered the disbanding of Castillo Armas' armed "libera- tion which sparked the overthrow of Communist-backed President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman, after regular army units and mili- tary academy cadets had battled the 700 irregulars sporadically for 12 hours yesterday with mortars and tanks. Twelve persons were killed and 42 wounded vn the battling around Roosevelt Hospital, where Castillo Armas' men were camped on the outskirts of the capital. The fight- ing, outgrowth of weeks of tension between the regular troops and the revolutionists, mushroomed from a dawn brawl between cadets and members of-the President's force. .One report said the trouble started in a house of prostitution. cease-fire finally took effect at p.m. and the 700 liberation army men surrendered their arms to regular army officers. The-rev- olutiomsis were ordered to return to their homes throughout the coun- try today. The junta ordered a curfew into effect at 9 p.m. and warned that military patrols wou'd take "drastic measures" against any violators. A spokesman for the American Embassy reported there still was "very great tension" late last night. The President's backers were disgruntled, the spokesman said, because the army had forced him to break up his insurgent army. The American official said Com- munists apparently played no part in the violence. The Reds tried, however, to organize antigovern- mcnt demonstrations while the fighting was going on. Troops loyal to the junta smashed all the at- tempts. Castillo, who rushed back to Guatemala from a visit to Chimal- ienango, was believed still firmly in power. He maintained a com- plete sileitce yesterday. The army announced the cease- fire, which was hurriedlv negoti- ated by Roman Catholic Arch- bishop Mariano Rossell Arellano with the Kelp of U.S. Ambassador John E. 1'eurifoy and others. The government agreed to dis- arm and disband the liberation army and promised that the mili- tary cadets would not be punished for their part in the fighting. The regular army in turn guaranteed to place itself under complete gov- ernment jurisdiction. The agreement wai signed, for the government by Maj. Enrique Oliva, a member of the three-man junta; C6L Enrique Close, defense minister; and C6L J. secretary of defense. Four high officers signed for the army. The Foreign Office denied ru- mors that the uprising had been instigated from the Mexican Em- bassy. Arbenz and more than 300 of the government's leftist-' and Communist opponents are cram- med into the Mexican compound. Hostility had increased between regular soldiers and Castillo's mot- ley but well-armed band since it moved into the capital last month and set up camp on the outskirts. The junta President apparently had held his force together as a counter against any move against him from factions within tie regu- lar army. There also has been con- siderable grumbling from support- ers of Castillo Armas who-felt his followers' role in the overthrow of Arbenz had not been recognized sufficiently. Violations Not Enough For New War WASHINGTON IE-Secretary of itate Dulles today sharply accused the Communists of violating the Korean armistice. But he said that on balance the violations were not serious enough to justify resuming the war. In a news conference, Dulles also disclosed that.a new protest las been sent through Britain to Communist China over the loss of three American lives in the shoot- ing down of a British airliner al- most two weeks ago off Hainan Island. Dulles said, on another Far Eastern question, that United States 'warships and airplanes would protect Formosa against any enemy attack but that this govern- ment has not made any decision to enter into a formal alliance with the Chinese Nationalist govern- ment there. As for Southeast Asian, defense arrangements, Dulles said- he imped decisions would be made in a week or 10 days on the time and place for holding a conference on conclusion of a defensive al- liance. The Korean truce situation came in for discussion. It has been dra- matized in recent days by the Tisit here of, South Korean President Syngman Bh.ee who .an end to the Neutral Nations' Supervisory Cornmissioji whickhas. kept representatives of Communist governments in South Korea; The trailed States, Mules1 said, would be sympathetic fe seeing the commission wiped out Under Indian chairmanship its members are Sweden, Switzerland and two Communist governments- Poland and Czechoslovakia. Dulles said the nations which fought the Communists in Korea have discussed the .possibility of ending the commission because of the activities of the Communist members. The question may come up during the United Nations As- sembly in New.York this fall. The preliminary discussions were car- ried on incidental to the Asian peace talks at Geneva recently. Jap Teachers Mad TOKYO new ruling by school principals in central Japan has women teachers seeing red. "They just don't understand the teachers said in a petition opposing the ban against lipstick. Fair Site at Old Airport Discussed Taylor County Commissioners and a committee from the Abilene Chamber of Commerce will meet with the City Commission to dis- cuss the availability of 129 acres of old municipal airport-lands for the annual West Texas Fair. The proposal, made by County Judge Reed Ingalsbe, was agreed I to unanimously by the commission and the chamber of commerce representatives. Judge Injalsbe thought that the meeting might be arranged before the week end.. At noon the commissioners and several C-C committee members and Manager Joe Cooley dined at the Chicken Shack to discuss far- ther details of securing land for tile proposed fair. Visit to Wacc The session was held in the Court room. Judge Ingalsbe reported on a trip by himself and his four com- missioners to Waco last week They inspected the Heart of Texas Fair and Rodeo plant. How it was organized, financed, govern- ed, all came in for discussion. The situation at Waco was simi- lar to Abikne's Judge Ingalsbe said. First, a location had to be selected and it happened to be city-owned land. The City of Waco gave 100 acres of land, only half of it now being utilized. Upon it was built a magnificent coliseum. A hurricane fence surrounded it. It cost around it has certainly paid a good dividend, Judge Ingalsbc said the court wai told. t.MO and was repre- sented being even better than the one at Fort Worth. Two large-buildings 3flO-by-SOO eet are used for stock barns. plant accommodates cattle. Another building is about 200-by- 300 feet for general exhibits build- ing, costing Best-Payiag Judge Ingalsbe said that the commissioners were told that tht rodeo feature was the best-paying. A. 24-member board selected by the Waco Chamber of Commerce and approved by the McLennan County Commissioners governs the fair. It was thought that some sort of similar arrangement might be, worked out here, with county-wide representation. Among those who entered into active discussion during the fore- noon session were Curly Hays, Grover Nelson, Guy Caldwell, County Commissioner Rule Tit- tle, Mrs. Dorothea Griffin, Sam Hill, and Oscar Rose. All discussion centered around finding a location suitable for tht fair, having plans of the buildings and coliseum drafted before pre- senting a proposition for a bond issue of in the county. Most members believed the 129 acres of land in the old municipal airport plot is the most practically situated and convenient. One or two other proposed sites were mentioned but not fiven much consideration.. CMjr'i Share Tittle Mggested at fair and thought the city oufbt to lhare mott of the cot rf tand purchate.' Both tot Mn, MB. M. ML
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