Abilene Reporter News, July 24, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

July 24, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, July 24, 1954

Pages available: 24

Previous edition: Friday, July 23, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, July 25, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 980,630

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 24, 1954, Abilene, Texas CONTINUED HOT Wyt Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron ■w* ■» T TT» Mtr TT -«T MT» i. V I. ,\ 1 i\ li FINAL VOL. LXXIV, NO. 36 Aaoeiated Preu (API ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JULY 24, 1954—EIGHT PAGES Wheat Growers Vote rRics daill^- -s™DA Y ...i00. Accept Controls 1ST ROUND WON Atomic Law Bill Victory Sighted INTER-SERVICE MEETING — Two San Antonio military people met Friday in Abilene’s Recruiting Main Station. WAC Maj. Frances Voyer shakes hands with Col. Philip J. John of the Air Force. She is Women’s Army Corps recruiting coordinator and he is group commander of the Air Force recruiting service in the Fourth Army Area. With them are Capt. Don Stewart, Army commander for the Abilene station, and (right) Maj. Ben Wilson, operations officer for Col. John. (Staff Photo by David Barros) State's Primary Election Due to Draw Million Voters DALLAS, Tex. (f) — An expected million Texans cast their votes today in the state’s primary elections in which most interest hinged on a bitter Democratic go’ernor’s campaign. Polls were open 12 hours, from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. CST. The principals in the main show — Gov. Allan Shivers and Atty. Ralph Yarborough — waited on election results at their homes. The Republican candidate for governor is Todd R. Adams of Crockett. He, like Senate candidate Carlos Watson of Brownsville, has no opposition from Republic cans. The GOP is holding its fourth primary in Texas history, forced into it when Shivers, running on both Democratic and Republican tickets, polled more than 200,000 votes in 1952. The De m o c r a t s traditionally have nominated candidates by primary vote in Texas, while the GOP has used the convention system. Shivers wound up his campaign last night with a radio speech from his old Woodville home. Yarborough attended a street rally in vote-heavy Dallas. The 46-year-old governor’s try Voters Line Up At Polls Early Abilene voters started to the polls at a brisk pace Saturday morning. Lines were reported to be forming at some voting places. Large groups were waiting to vote at some precincts when the polls opened at 8 a.m. Almost 120 votes were cast at Butternut Fire Station, voting Precinct No. 2, in little more than an hour. O. J. Hamilton, judge of the precinct, said a number of people were waiting to vote at 8 a.m. He said a steady stream of voters had been coming in since then. W. C. Charlton, judge of the No. 6 Precinct at the Elmwood Fire Station, said if the early morning pace keeps up, about 500 votes would be recorded there. No count had been made at 9:15 a.m. Approximately 70 persons had voted in Precinct No. 11 at the ACC Fire Station at 9:15 a.m. A heavy turnout of voters was expected around noon and late afternoon. NEW RECORD Skin Diver on Ocean Floor for 24 Hours MIAMI, Fla. Wi — Skin diver Ed , Fisher holds the world endurance record for camping on the ocean floor 24 hours 2 minutes. He was still a bit tired today from the unusual underwater experience, but apparently suffered no lasting ill effects. The lanky 26-year-old, a native of New York, said he did not intend to repeat the experiment in the near future. But he and his surface associates were jubilant over the outcome. Fisher popped to the surface at 8:10 p.m. EST yesterday after spending a trifle more than 24 hours on the floor of a coral reef canyon 30 feet below the sea off Key Largo. His skin was blue and wrinkled like a prune. His head and stomach ached and he drank lots of water,- There was a time earlier in the day when he thought he wouldn’t make it. During the night hours the water sapped his body warmth and he felt cold and sick. “Don’t think I can stay down more than another hour,“ he told companions in boats above him in a message written with a grease pencil on slate. But the sun soon warmed him up and he stuck it out. Fisher began his free dive at 8:08 p.m. Thursday and had no direct connection with the airy world above him. He hung his camping equipment on coral pinnacles and pushed friendly fish aside. Once a shark, described by Fisher’s companions as “half as , big as a submarine,” swam slowly overhead, eyed the strange goings on in his domain curiously, then went his way. Fisher drank soup, ate candy, and for breakfast shot a fish with his water spear gun, sliced it and chewed it raw. The endurance dive was to test a “Div-Air,” a newly designed underwater breathing apparatus similar to the French aqualung. A face mask covered Fisher’s eyes and nose but left his mouth free. Fisher breathed hir from a tank on his back through a tube in his mouth. He removed the mouthpiece long enough to swallow a morsel of food or sip water or soup from a bottle. The food and fresh tanks of air were brought down to him by associates. for an unprecedented third elective term and the 51-year-old Yarborough’s second bid to unseat him all but eclipsed other races in the Democratic primary. Besides the governor’s seat, at stake were the U.S. Senate post held by Democratic Leader Lyndon B. Johnson, the lieutenant governor’s chair, the attorney general’s post, seven congressional seats, three places on the State Supreme Court, and hundreds of j minor posts. In South Texas, where a dozen Texas rangers were on hand to prevent disturbances in the strife-torn area, the power of boss George B. Parr was at stake. Parr, now under an assault to murder charge, beamed confidence for the candidates with his support. Shivers and Yarborough have told rally crowds that Parr has promised his support to the other. Both denied “deals” with Parr. Sen. Johnson is opposed by 30-year-old Dudley T. Dougherty, a state representative from Beeville. Johnson has made no formal campaign and has been in Washington most of the time. Of the seven congressional races, the most interest has been shown in the East Texas district where Rep. Brady Gentry of Tyler is opposed by former Rep. Lmdley Beckworth of Gladewater. Beck-worth is trying to regain the seat he resigned two years ago to make a race for the Senate in which now Sen. Price Daniel defeated him. Another congressional race has House Minority Leader Sam Rayburn of Bonham opposed by fellow townsman A. G. McRae, a business man. Like Johnson, the 72-year-old Rayburn has made no formal campaign. Rayburn, in the Roosevelt and Truman administrations, served as speaker of the House longer than any man in history. His election would give him his 22nd term. GOP National Committeeman H. J. Porter has said the Republicans have a chance to elect their candidates in Houston, where Rep. Albert Thomas is the incumbent, and in the Panhandle District where Rep. Walter Rogers of Pampa is the incumbent. Shivers was the moving force in 1952 when Texas’ Democratic party organization went over to the Republicans to support Dwight D. Eisenhower. It ended with Texas in the Republican column for the first time since 1928 and the second time since reconstruction days. WASHINGTON m - President Eisenhower’s atomic energy law revision won preliminary but apparently decisive victory in the House early today, but remained stalled in a Senate debate which continued into the fourth day of round-the-clock sessions. No break was in sight in the Senate despite efforts of administration leaders to limit the talk. Republican leader Knowland of California said he would keep the session going until midnight Saturday before recessing until Monday. House action, subject to formal and final roll call votes on Monday, was taken in a marathon session of its own which stretched 17y* hours until 3:14 a.m. (EDT) today. The House went all the way through the 104-page bill, voting changes here and there, but Ren Murray (D-Tenn) forced postponement of the final voting until Monday by a parliamentary maneuver. The Senate debate entered its 10th day—and its fourth of nearly continuous sessions—at 10 a. m. (EDT). A short time later Sen. Morse (Ind-Ore) completed the longest single speech yet made on the measure after holding the floor for eight hours and four minutes. Except for a 25-minute break early Friday — a technicality involved in the effort to limit debate—the Senate had been in session continuously for more than 72 hours. The record unbroken session of 54 hours, 10 minutes was set in 1915. Morse sought to strike from the bill a provision which would designate the chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission as officiii spokesman for the AEC—a compromise which ended a long f> in committee before the measure reached the floor. He said all five commissioners “should function on the basis of equal responsibility.” Many persons, he said, are “fearful of the designs” of the present chairman, Lewis L. Strauss. A time-consuming quorum call was demanded in advance of a vote on Morse’s amendment. Sen. Humphrey (D-Minn) appeared ready to take the floor to carry on what Knowland has called a “full-fledged filibuster.” WHO WILL WIN? ALLAN SHIVERS j; '    k    , British Say Big Airliner Was Shot Down by Red Jels Issue Approved By Slim Margin WASHINGTON (AP) — The nation’s wheat growers have voted once again to accept controls on their next year’s crop—but the margin was the thinnest ever. The outcome means the government will continue paying high support prices for wheat — somewhere between 75 and 90 per cent of parity. The rate is not yet decided. But it also means that, in Secretary of Agriculture Benson’s own terms, controls on what the farmer can plant in 1955 will be the toughest ever. Growers supporting controls cast RALPH YARBOROUGH HONG KONG A big British Skymaster airliner with 18 persons aboard was shot down off the Red Chinese island of Hainan yesterday, presumably by Communist MIG jets, it was reported today. Chief Stewardess Iris E. Stobart, one of eight survivors picked up by a U. S. Air Force Albatross rescue plane, said bullets were removed from two of the survivors at Kowloon hospital today. Two doctors said one man suffered what might have been a bullet wound, but that no bullets were recovered. J. Thorburn, Hong Kong Bank official whose wife was rescued, said a bullet struck her a glancing blow above the ear. He quoted her as saying bullets spattered among the passengers and unquestionably a number were hit. He said his wife doubted that others were able to escape before the four-engine airliner went to the bottom of the South China Sea. Plane Crash Claims Six PIKEV1LLE, Tenn. UP—A twin-engine plane being demonstrated to a prospective buyer on a Miehi-gan-to-Florida trip crunched into a mountain top southeast of here yesterday, killing at least six persons. Tennessee Highway Patrolman Lloyd Baker said at Chattanooga early today that a seventh billfold had been found, indicating another possible victim. The plane was en route from Pontiac, Mich., to Tampa, when it came in low over the mountain, dropped an engine and then crashed, throwing wreckage and mangled bodies over an area almost a mile across. THE WEATHER V S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Fair to partly cloudy and continued hot Saturday and Sunday. Hi«h both days near 100; low tonight near 75. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Clear to partly cloudy and hot this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. WEST TEXAS — Clear to partly cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday, with widely scattered afternoon and evening thundershowers mostly in Panhandle and Pecos Valley westward. Warmer in Panhandle. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS-Clear to partly cloudy and hot this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Moderate southerly winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES Fri P.M.    Sat.    A.M. 95      1:3«    ............    81 %      2:30    ............ 81 99      3.30    ............ 79 98      4:30    ............ 79 99      5:30    ............ 77 98    ............ 8 30       79 95      7:30    ............ 82 91      8:30    ............ 85 86      9:30    ............ 89 83      10:30    ............ — 84      11:30    ............ — 82      12:30    ......... - High and low temperatures for 24 hoars ended at 6:30 a.m.: 100 and 77. High and low temperatures same date last year: 96 and 72. Sunset last night 7:43 p.m. Sunrise today 5:48 a.m Sunset tonight 7:43 p.m. Barometer reading at    9:30    a.m.:    28.21, Relative humidity at    9:30    aunui    4510. French Okay (ease - Fire By 471-14 PARIS UW—The French National Assembly approved the Indochina cease-fire last night by a sweeping 471-14 vote. An Assembly resolution, express ing satisfaction at the outcome of the Geneva conference, said the cessation of hostilities was “due, in a large measure, to the decisive action” of Premier Pierre Men-des-France. During debate the Premier clashed with ex-Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, who attacked the Indochina settlement as another Munich — the 1938 agreement which split Czechoslovakia and paved the way for Nazi aggres sion. Bidault had headed the French delegation at the three-month Ge neva conference during the early unsuccessful stages of the negotia tions. Mendes-France took over the premiership from Joseph Lan iel with the pledge he would bring the Indochina war to an end by July 20 or resign. San Angelo Road Engineer Retires AUSTIN UP)—Retirement of Tom J. Kelly, district engineer at San Angelo for the State Highway De partment, as of Aug. 31, was an nounced by State Highway Engi neer D. C. Greer today. Kelly has been with the depart' ment 35 years. He plans to join the highway research center staff at Texas A&M college. Greer said Jesse A. Snell, now assistant district engineer *t Waco, will assume Kelly** duties Sept L An official Hong Kong government announcement said “there is now substantial evidence that the Cathay Pacific Airways plane which ditched in the sea off Hainan Islands yesterday morning was shot down by two unidentified fighter planes while on its normpl route from Singapore to Hong Kong. Enquiries are continuing.” The announcement was broadcast by Hong Kong Radio. It gave no source for the report, but presumably the information was supplied by three members of the crew who survived. Newsmen were barred from talking with survivors, but an official at Kaitak Airport quoted Pilot Philip Blown of Hong Kong as saying the airliner was shot down by fighter planes. A report that Blown had identified the fighters as deadly swept-wing MIG jets could not be confirmed. Colonial officials and airline spokesmen refused comment. The attacking Communist planes apparently were based on Hainan, where the Chinese Reds have several military air fields. Commercial airline routes from Malaya, Indochina and Thailand to Hong Kong normally detour this island to the seaward side, but lately some planes have cut the detour short and flown up the east coast of Hainan just offshore, sources here said. Since the Communists traditionally use 12 miles as the territorial limit this practice would involve some risk. Thorburn, an accountant in the chartered Bank of India, Australia and China, said his wife was semi conscious when she arrived here last night. He quoted her as saying the air liner was attacked by other planes but she could not identify the at tackers. Six Americans were among the 18 persons aboard the plane, five of them members of the L. L. Parish family of Iowa Park, Tex., en route from Bandoeng, Java, to visit his parents. Mrs. Parish and her daughter, Valerie, were among the rescued. So was P. S. Thatcher of Stongington, Conn. In addition to the five passengers and three crewmen rescued, the body of a young Chinese woman was recovered by the rescue plane. Eyewitnesses aboard a commercial plane who saw the Skymaster ditch said three survivors were picked up by a small boat from Hainan. If they were, they presumably are in Communist hands. The plane went down with one engine afire and sank within a minute after hitting the water a short distance off Hainan. When the rescue plane landed here last night the injured were hustled off to hospitals and no in terviews were permitted. American crewmen aboard the plane have not been allowed to talk with newsmen. Korea's Rhee SEOUL (fh-South Korean President Syngman Rhee flies to Washington tomorrow to seek from President Eisenhower more economic and military aid for his divided land. The ROK president told newsmen today at one of his rare press conferences, however, that he would not beg for more aid. He did say he wanted to see that funds presently allocated are spent in a proper manner, and added: “I’m sorry to say and admit that large sums given for reconstruction are not being used correctly.” In discussing the possible unification of his country, Rhee struck a much milder tone—unlike previous statements in which he said armed force was the only way to free North Korea from the Communists. Rhee said that the United Nations perhaps “can succeed in persuading or somehow forcing” the Reds to withdraw. 73,3 per cent of the vote in yesterday’s referendum, the Agriculture Department calculated early today. Since a favorable vote of 66.7 per cent was needed to continue controls, the margin was thin indeed — much slimmer than was expected from advance indications. Some 267,000 farmers voted—a light turnout. Nearly a million were eligible by virtue of planting more than 15 acres of wheat. The outcome was in doubt until North Dakota came in with a whopping majority of “yes” votes — 46,206 to 2,073. Had controls been rejected, the support price of wheat would have dropped to 50 per cent of parity— the standard said by law to give farmers a fair return for their produce compared with their production costs. But farmers would have been able to grow as much wheat as they wished. The “yes” vote means high supports but stricter-than-usual controls on what farmers can plant. The referendum was held under a law which provides lor rigid acreage controls whenever the supply of wheat on hand is above “normal.” It was the smallest “yes” per centage ever rolled up in a wheat program referendum and compares with 87,2 per cent favorable last year, 82,4 per cent in 1942 and 81 per cent in 1941. The unofficial totals — complete, official figures won’t be available for three or four weeks — show that 195,801 farmers voted for the control program and 71,303 against. One year ago the vote was 390,221 “yes” and 57,221 “no.” It’s not known now at exactly what level wheat supports will be pegged next year. The present law would set this at 90 per cent of parity. But Congress is considering President Eisenhower’s recommendation of a flexible system ranging from 75 to 90 per cent. The House has passed a scale sliding from 82% to 90 per cent. The Senate hasn’t acted but its Agriculture Committee recommends continuation at a rigid 90 per cent. Under the program voted yesterday, each farmer is allotted a wheat acreage allotment. If he plants more he must pay a penalty of 45 per cent of parity on the wheat? produced on the excess acreage. Rep. Al (amp Dies in U. S. Havy Hospital WASHINGTON W -4« Rep. Al S. Camp, Democrat of Georgia, died at Bethesda Naval Hospital early today of a liver ailment. Married and the father of two children, Camp would have been 62 years old Monday. He had been under hospital treatment a number of months. The congressional veteran was first elected to the House in 1939 and has served continuously since then. He was the sixth House member to die since the present Congress was chosen in November, 1952. His death, together with the resignation last Wednesday of Rep. Louis B. Heller (D-NY), leaves the House lineup at 219 Republicans, 213 Democrats and i independent. All other vacancies except these two have been filed. In the Senate overnight session, debate on the atomic energy bill was interrupted while Sen. Gore (D-Tenn), a onetime House member, delivered a brief eulogy on his onetime colleague. Camp was born in Coweta County, Ga., part of the district he later represented in Congress, and got his early education in public schools there. He attended the University of Georgia, earn«! a bachelor of laws degree and settled down in 1915 to practice law. 100-Degree Heat Due to Continue Saturday stood a good chance of chalking up the eighth straight day of 100-degree or hotter weather here.    * That prediction was made by the U. S. Weather Bureau. The temperature was expected to be in the vicinity of 100 as a maximum both Saturday and Sunday. SOUTH RISES AGAIN Miss U.SÁ Wins Beauty Crown of Miss Universe LONG BEACH, Calif. W - A freckled daughter of the Confederacy, who has more curves than the Dixie highway, today holds the twin titles of Miss U.S.A. and Miss Universe. Miriam Stevenson, a 21-year-old college senior from Winnsboro, S.C., last night made the, first grand sweep in the three-year history of the international beauty contest. Runners - up to the winsome Southern lass were Maria Martha Rocha of Brazil, Virginia June Lee of Hong Kong, Regina Ernst of Bremen, Germany, and Ragnhild Clausson of Sweden—in that order. Miss Stevenson not only was voted the world’s most beautiful woman but also got back her luggage, lost ever since she arrived here a week ago yesterday. She said that first of all “I want to thank South Carolina for giving me the opportunity to come here.” Then to reporters she said: “If you-all evah come down to South Carolina, I’ll cook you the biggest heapin' plate of corn pone, heminy grits an’ ham hocks you evah saw.” She said her victory came as a complete surprise to her. "When I cam« here I wanted very much to win,” she added, “but when I saw all these beautiful girls from all over the world all I could do was hope.” The runners-up took defeat smilingly, especially Miss Rocha, who had been widely considered the favorite to win. Heretofore five pageant has produced two winners — Miss U.S.A. and Miss Universe. Miss Stevenson has blue eyes blond hair, stands 5 feet 6 and weighs 120, She measures 36 inches at the bust and hips and 24 inches at the waist. In the movies she would be considered the wholesome, all-American girl type — healthy, handsome and happy. She says she has no steady boy friend. Miss Universe said her senior year at Lander College in Greenwood, S.C., will have to wait a while because: “1 want to take a crack at tins actin’ business.” The Miss Universe and Miss U.S.A. crowns carry with them almost identical sets of prizes. Each set includes $4,000 convertible, a 13-week contract at Universal-International Movie Studio ami about a half dozen pieces of jewelry. Whether Miss Stevenson will receive both sets is uncertain. Judges meet today to decide, (hie official said he thought one car might go to Miss Brazil as first runner-up and there was speculation she might receive other prizes as well. Each of the foreign finalists said she thought the choice was a wise one. Miss Brazil said: “If I had been a judge I would have voted for Miss South Carolina too.” She told a reporter she is in no hurry to return to her ftative country. She first will visit a married sister in Grand Rapids, Mich., and another in Revere, Mass. “Maybe I’ll find American husband,” she said, “and stay here too — like my sisters.” Miss Hong Kong said she couldn’t believe that she had come in third Miss Sweden also would like to stay a while in this country, but her plans are undecided. Miss Ernst. 18, said she was happy and surprised she fared so wen in the contest. She told a reporter she had learned some English since she arrived, including “sank you very much.” Judges included actresses Riper Laurie, Julia Adams, Suz&n Ball, columnist Earl Wilson, illustrator Albert Varga and Tom Kelley, photographer who took the nude photo of Marilyn Monroe, ;