Abilene Reporter News, July 21, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

July 21, 1954

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Issue date: Wednesday, July 21, 1954

Pages available: 50

Previous edition: Tuesday, July 20, 1954

Next edition: Thursday, July 22, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 982,852

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas IS nu I Ute Is^uiiütlû    ^ /-Sk*    *    3    ^ _________ »3 <9tW riTVisn Ijpy^vv j;>vwv tvilliniu 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES Byron VOL. LXXIV, NO. 33    P—    fJPt    ABILENE,    TEXAS.    WEDNESDAY    EVENING.    JULY 21, 1954 -TWENTY-FOUR PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS FINAL PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10e AFTER LONG TALK — Sen. Albert Gore (D-Tenn) pours himself a cup of coffee in the Senate restaurant after speaking for about seven hours against an amendment to the atomic energy bill. Gore called the amendment which would authorize the Atomic Energy Commission to contract for private power for the Tennessee Valley Authority, “a crooked deal.” His lengthy speech brought a charge of “filibuster” from Senate Republican Leader Knowland (Calif.) Knowland (alls lor 24-Hour Session to Decide Atom Bill By WHITNEY SHOEMAKER tract with a private utility group WASHINGTON f— Majority 't0 SUpply power in the Tennessee Leader Knowland (R-Calif) called today for an around-the-clock session of the Senate, if necessary, to complete action on atomic legislation. He punctuated his statement by directing the sergeant-at-arms to haul in cots from nearby cloakrooms and corridors for possible use. “We’re not going to have one or two votes. We’re going to finish this bill if we have to stay all night to do it,” Knowland said as the Senate began its eighth day of debate on the atomic bill. Opponents of President Eisenhower’s directive to the Atomic Energy Commission to sign a con- Mercury to Stay Near 100 Degrees Abilene temperatures will stay near the 100-degree mark Wednesday and Thursday, with no relief in sight from the heat, according to the 9:30 a.m. forecast by the Weather Bureau. The mercury hit a high of 100 again Tuesday with a low of 77. Temperatures in Abilene have Valley Authority area informally agreed to a test vote on this key issue at a meeting late last night. But Sen. Gore (D-Tenn) quarter back for this group, and Sen Morse <lnd-Ore) insisted they would prolong debate if they did not win the first round. Knowland recessed the Senate last night after he received word of the understanding that a vote would come sometime today on the big issue at controversy. Faced with a showdown, Gore and other foes of the contract proposal combed Republican ranks for support. Gore conceded his forces needed that help. President Eisenhower has instructed AEC to contract with a combine known as the Dixon-Yates Group for 600,000 kilowatts of electricity for the Memphis, Tenn., area. The service would make up for power supplied an atomic energy plant at Paudcah, Ky., by the Tennessee Valley Authority. Infant Polio Victim Critical In Iron Lung Despite the help of an iron lung flown here Tuesday afternoon by the Air Force, little Donald Fletcher remained in “very critical” condition at Hendrick Memorial Hospital Wednesday. The 4 - months - old son of Mr. and Mrs. Ray W. Fletcher of Houston is suffering from three types of polio—bulbar, spinal, and encephalitic, his physician said. He was brought to the hospital about noon Tuesday and placed under an oxygen tent at first. However, the doctor thought an iron lung would be necessary, and none of infant size was available here. The National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis here was notified about 11:30 p.m. of the need. The lung arrived at the hospital at 5:35 p.m. after a flight from Plainview. Only two respirators of infant size could be located in the 130-county district, Mike Hyre, state representative here for the NFIP, said. Most hospitals register their respirators and other vital equipment with the NFIP so that it can be located in an emergency, Hyre explained. He contacted the Air Force, which flew the respirator here in a special plane. It was met at the airport by Fire Chief D. C. Musick, R. L. Brown, a fire department employe, and Henry Denning, assistant administrator at Hendrick. The little boy was visiting at Cross Plains with his mother and sister, Debra Ann, 3, while his father was in training with the Army Reserve at Fort Hood. Fletcher arrived here about 2 p.m. Tuesday from Fort Hood after receiving word of his son s illness. Donald's grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. B. P. Pillans, live at Cross Plains. His mother is the former Roxie Pillans. The little boy was not placed in the iron lung when it first arrived, his father said. He appeared to be doing all right under the oxygen tent then but later was removed to the respirator. The small iron lungs are seldom needed, Hyre said. Usually children, even as young as 2 years old, can be taken care of in a large-sized lung, Hyre said. He said the Fletcher baby may be put in a larger child's iung later to facilitate caring for him. A plane from Reese Air Force RedsDoritWantWar Now Says U. S. Frowns On « Parts of Pact com- WASHINGTON (AP>—President Eisenhower, menting on the Indochina cease-fire agreement, said today he does not believe the Communists want war at this time. Eisenhower said in a formal statement at his news conference the agreement “contains features which we do not like but a great deal depends on how they work m practice. He said the United States is working actively with other free nations to organize rapidly a “collective defense m Southeast Asia in order to prevent further direct or indirect Communist aggression in that general area Although the President said he didn t wish to discuss Indochina beyond the form- France. 3 HEUSS RE-ELECTED — Theodor Heuss, right, anti-Nazi and anti-communist president of West Germany, is congratulated by West Germany Chancellor Konrad^ Adenauer in West Berlin. The 70-year-old popular president was re-elected to that post by an overwhelming majority of votes of delegates of the Federal Parliament and r^pre-sentativesof thf West German legislature Out of a total of 987 votes cast, 871 were for Heuss.    _____ VOTERS DECIDE SATURDAY TVA Critics Wrong, Ike Says’Mildly' WASHINGTON <ff> — President Shivers, Yarborough Yum On Steam for Base brought the respirator here. hit the 100-degree mark or better j Eisenhower said today anybody on eight days out of the past ten. who accuses him of trying to de-Beginning with July 10 until the ! stroy the Tennessee Valley Authori-14th, the mercury soared to 100 or ty is in error—to put it as mildly as possible. The administration’s attitude toward TV A has come under hot debate in the Senate, revolving about an Eisenhower-endorsed proposal better, fell below that mark on July 15-16 and has hit the century mark from July 17 to 20. Only rainfall received in the West Texas area Wednesday morn-ing was reported at Amarillo. Light for a new private power source m scattered showers fell there. ¡the Tennessee Valley._ Democrats Ask Part in Picking Cohn Successor Financier Moody Dies of Pneumonia GALVESTON, Tex., f/P)—W. L. Moody Jr., 89, Galveston financier and head of the 400 million dollar House of Moody Enterprises, died at 11:50 .m. today from pneumonia. He personally had conducted his enterprises until Tuesday, July 20, when he became ill at his home and was taken to John Sealy Hospital here. $24,604.67 Asked For Army Hearings WASHINGTON OR — The Senate Investigations subcommittee has asked the Senate to reimburse it for the $24,604.67 it spent to run the McCarthy-Army hearings. Sen. Mundt (R-SD), who presided at the inquiriy, introduced a resolution asking for reimbursement yesterday. WASHINGTON UPL-Sen. Jackson (D-Wash) said today the Democrats “will insist” on a voice in choosing a successor to Roy M, Cohn as chief counsel of the Senate Investigations subcommittee. Chairman McCarthy (R-Wis) yesterday accepted Cohn’s resignation with avowed reluctance. He also switched Donald A. Surine, another subcommittee aide, to his own office payroll. He did so as a subcommittee majority comprising the Democrats and Sen. Potter (R-Mich) were pushing a showdown move to fire them. Then, in closed meeting, the subcommittee unanimously confirmed in their jobs 22 other members of the staff, but withheld confirmation at least for the time being from another — former Secret Service Agent Thomas Lavenia, office manager and assistant counsel. McCarthy confirmed officially that is was Surine and Lavenia to whom the Defense Department has refused to grant security clearance to handle secret documents. He said this was the reason the subcommittee, with his consent, had held up Lavenia's confirmation. The subcommittee sent a ngw request to the Defense Department for an explanation of its reasons for holding up the clearances. It got a quick new turndown on grounds that a detailed explanation would require the disclosure of confidential information. Sen. Mundt (R-SD) was asked whether Lavenia retains his access to classified material in the subcommittee’s files pending a decision. He replied. “He has access, but I don’t think he has much to do with handling classified documents. There is no change in his status.” McCarthy said in a statement he had shifted Surine, a former FBI agent, to his own office payroll to give Surine and his family some relief from “pro-Communist smearing.” Cohn’s resignation and the transfer of Surine let the steam out of the threatened showdown in which Potter and Senators Jackson, Symington <D-Mo) and McClellan (D-Ark) were seeking the scalps of both men. Jackon said the Democrats resumed membership on the subcommittee in January, ending a six-month walkout, with assurances of the right to have all Staff appointments subject to a majority vote of the members. “We’H simply Insist on carrying out the rules as present provided,’ Jackson said. “I assume the chair man will agree with that.” Musician Dies After 'Grandfather's Clock' CLEVELAND (Art — Alfred Goetz, 42, staff musiciain at radio station WTAM, collapsed and died yesterday after completing a tuba solo with the station orchestra. The song was “Grandfather’s Clock, ’’which tells how the clock stopped at the time grandfather died. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT Of COMMERCE HEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY - Generally fair, continued hot this afternoon, tonight and tomorrow. High Wednesday and Thursday near 100. Low Wednesday night near 75NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Generally fair and hot this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warm with widely scattered thundershowers this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    Clear to partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, to-to Thursday. TEMPERATURES night and Wed. A M,  ......83 Tf/*  1:30 98       2:30    ............ 84 9«     82 99      4:30    ............ « 99      5:30      78 97 ............ ............ !* 95      7:30      80 •2       8:30      82 88      9:30      84 87       10:30      87 87     -    U    S«       92 86       12:30      94 Barometer reading at 12:30 p.m. 28.05, Relative humidity at 12:30 p.m. 45%. Maximum temperature* for 24 hours ending at 6:30 a.m.: 100. Minimum temperature for 24 hour* ending at 6:30 turn.: 77* By CLAYTON HICKERSON Associated Press Staff Gov. Allan Shivers—turning on full steam in the waning days of one of Texas’ hottest, bitterest races for governor—Wednesday had 11 speeches scheduled for the campaign’s final three days. He was at Denison in North Texas and Houston in South Texas Wednesday. Ralph Yarborough, Shivers’ chief opponent in his quest for a third elective term, had almost as heavy a schedule for what promised to be a roaring finale. Shivers set appearances at Conroe, Huntsville and Dallas Thursday and from Dallas, Victoria and his Wood ville home Friday. Yarborough planned to be in Athens Wednesday night for a rally and scheduled four statewide radio talks and two TV appearances Thursday and Friday. Up to Voters Then it will be up to the voters of Texas. While Shivers made no purely political speeches Tuesday, he issued a statement from his Austin headquarters saying that Yarborough was the only man he knew “who has questioned Texas’ ownership of the tidelands out to 10)4 miles.” Yarborough has said that the attitude of the U.S. Department of justice proves the Republican administration has “jeneged on its major campaign promise of 1952 in Texas.” But acting Secretary of Interior Ralph A. Tudor said the Interior Department stood on Secretary McKay’s statement that he regards three leagues—10)4 miles— as Texas’ offshore boundary. Yarborough, in Houston Tuesday, branded the Shivers administration a sales tax administration and said he wanted to finance a dynamic program for Texas with a constitutional tax on gas pipelines...... Yarborough said the recent ruling that the Federal Power Commission can fix the price of gas was a rank invasion of states rights. He said the Shiver’s administration “missed the boat” by opposing and not passing a state law fixing the minimum price of gas at the wellhead. Oklahoma and Kansas have done that, he said. Yarborough added: ‘This is the administration of the big gas pipelines and it is not an administration of and for the people. This is the sales tax ad ministration.” In earlier speeches, Yarborough said the gas pipeline companies have contributed a $2,000,000 fund to defeat him. ‘ Tidelands Query Again Shivers said he has repeatedly asked Yarborough whether he would have fought for the tidelands had he been governor in 1952, or whether he would have supported the Democratic nominee for president, Adlai Stevenson, after Stevenson indicated he favored federal ownership of the tidelands. “He has refused to answer this question,” Shivers said. “Instead, he has been trying to raise doubts in the minds of the people as to whether we got the tidelands back/* And Shivers continued: “We got them back, and the $32,000,000 we already have collected for them is now in the Permanent School Fund. “Does Yarborough now question Texas’ historic boundaries?” John C. Calhoun, Corsicana oilman who formerly was chairman of the State Democratic Fxecutive Committee, was one of six persons boosting the Shivers campaign on a TV program Tuesday night from Dallas. Calhoun Endorses Allan Calhoun belittled the issue of whether a man should seek a third elective term as governor. “I voted for Roosevelt for a third term, and a fourth term—and so did Allan Shivers,” Calhoun said. “I assume his opponent did, also, but how does he justify these attacks upon Allan?” But John Nance Garner, the “Cactus Jack” who was vice president in the early Roosevelt regime in Washington, disagreed with Calhoun. Earlier in the day, he made one of his now rare political statements. Given to a Uvalde newspaperman, the statement said: “For many years I have advocated that no man be elected president or governor for a third term. Recently the people of the United States adopted an amendment to the Constitution prohibiting anyone from being elected president for more than two terms. That should be In the constitution of Texas for office of governor. It is a safe policy to elect executive officers for two terms only. I have always voted the Democratic ticket and I always will.” Oldtimers In Fight Two other political old-timers were in the thick of the fight as election day neared. Coke Stevenson, the former governor defeated six years ago by Lyndon Johnson in a close race foi the U.S. Senate, spoke for Johnson’s opponent, young Dudley T. Dougherty. If Texans want a U.S. senator net obligated to George Parr’s or any other political machine, Stevenson told his radio audience, Dougherty is their man. Johnson defeated Stevenson by 87 votes with a landslide majority from Duval and Jim Wells Counties. Stevenson’s efforts to contest the election and challenge Johnson’s right to his senate seat all failed. Former Gov. Dan Moody called Shivers a “man of absolute integrity.” He said Shivers had the confidence of the Texas legislature to an unprecedented degree and added:    . “No charge of dishonesty, corruption or double dealing has ever been able to attach itself to his name.” The red-headed former governor, one-time attorney general during a Ferguson administration, said charges made by Yarborough were far-fetched and absurd. “Such efforts to destroy by innuendo and insinuation the character and reputation of a faithful public officer is neither good politics nor good sportsmanship,” Moody said. Shivers urged everybody to vote Saturday, whether they are for him or against him. al statement, because of the delicacy of the situation, he did say later on that if there is one good to come out of the settlement it is this: It may get the free world to look facts in the face and determine what sacrifices it would be willing to make in the cause of preserving freedom. The President told newsmen this nation was putting out a statement at Geneva to the effect that it would not use force to disturb the Indochina settlement. He said the statement says “any renewal of Communist aggression would be viewed by us as a mat ter of grave concern.” Asked whether he attached any significance to the apparent fact that for the first time in two decades there is no war going on somewhere in the world, Eisenhower said he never had felt the Communist world wants war at this time except in satellite excursions. . He indicated, however, that he expects the Reds to continue using deceit and subversion as well as secret, well-financed conspiracies to gain its ends. To a question of whether he thought there was “any element of appeasemtent” in the cease-fire in Indochina, as suggested by some Congress members, the chief executive said he hesitated to use such words as they mean different things to different people. He added* the agreement was not entirely satisfactory to us, that it was not what we’d like to have, but that if there is no better plan, he is not going to criticize what has been done. Slates Sign (easelire (Related storie* on Pf. *-*) WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES FLANDERS VS. MCCARTHY— Sen. Flonders moy strike out in his battle aaginst Sen. McCarthy. Page 8-A BLIND STRIKE — Twenty blind broom-makers are on strike in the East. They want work but no charity. Page 12-A. SOCIAL SECURITY—Policeman's widow, Mrs. Jimmy Spann, will receive $146.50 monthly in social security pay. Page 1-B. ALL ALONE — Stevie Mills, 4, sits pensively atop a desk in Bergen Street police station in Brooklyn as authorities seek his mother, Mrs. Lettie May MiUs, 25, who has not been seen since last Sunday. His lather, John Mills, 25, is a seaman in the Navy. The lad was taken to the Childrens’ Shelter in Manhattan. GENEVA (ft-France and the three Associated States of Indochina signed armistice agreements with the Communists today that extend the Iron Curtain around North Viet Nam, a land of 13 million. The United States warned it would view “with, grave concern any revival of aggression violating the agreements. t The warning was delivered by U.S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith at the closing session of the conference in the Palace ot Nations after other delegates had taken note of a final declaration wrapping up the various pacts to end the 7)4-year-old war It was taken m Clear noifee to the Asian Communists that the United States intends to proceed with its old plans for establishment of a security system ia Southeast Asia, Repeating a declaration made three days ago that the United States would not use force to disturb the agreements, Smith said it would regard any fresh aggression in the Indochina theater as “seriously threatening peace and security.” He said the United States would still seek United Nations supervision of elections to be held in Viet Nam, though the Communists have rejected such supervision. "The United States reiterates its traditional position that peoples are entitled to determine their own future and that it will not join in an arrangement which would hinder this,” Smith told the conference. He said the United States shared the hope that the armistice agreements signed today would permit the three Associated States, Cambodia, Laos and Viet Nam, "to play their part in full independence and sovereignty, in the peaceful community of nations, and will enable the peoples of that area to determine their own future.” Smith told the conference the United States was not prepared to “join in a declaration by the conference such as is submitted.” The United States, he said, is resolved to devote its efforts to the strengthening of peace “in accordance with the principles and purposes of the United Nations.” The final declaration of the conference was a three-page document. listing in 13 paragraphs the various agreements reached here for establishing peace. Concerning the partition line of Viet Nam, roughly along the 17th Parallel, the final declaration said the essential purpose of the Vietnamese agreement was “to settle military questions with a view to ending hostilities and the military demarcation line should not in any way be interpreted as constituting a political or territorial boundary/’ Confidence was expressed in the declaration that a political settlement would be achieved in Viet Nam in the near future. The date of the general all Vietnamese elections was disclosed for the first time—July, 1956. Gen. Georges Delteil of Fra««» and Gen. Ta Quang Buu of the Vietminh rebels signed armistice agreements covering Viet Nam and Laos just 3 hours and 50 minutes alter the Tuesday midnight deadline French Premier Pierre Mendes-France had set for peace or his resignation. A truce for the third Indochina state, Cambodia, was signed later today. Cambodia signed with the Viet* minh at 12:42 p.m Representatives of all parties to the Indochina conference gathered for the ceremony, including Lt. CoL Jot» I, i ;