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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - July 20, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND HOT gHnlrne "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXXTV, NO. 32 (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 20, 1954 PAGES IN TWO EVENING FINAL PRICE DAILY 5e, SUNDAY lOc Viet Nam Partition Agreed GENEVA W-East and West, with the United States standing aside, agreed late today to parti- tion Viet Nai'n roughly along the 17th Parallel, a French source said. Me reported only technical difficul- ties remained to be settled before signing of a cease-fire agreement for Indochina. The partition line, it was said, will run about 12 miles north of important Highway No. 9, leading from Quang Tri on the coastal road to Savannakhet in Laos. The French source said the is- lues involving Viet Nam were all settled with fixing of the partition line. Only a few language difficul- ties remained in the peace pro- visions concerning Laos and Cam- bodia. Left Meeting Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain and Soviet Foreign Min- ister V. M. Molotov left the meet- ing where the final details, of the peace were being completed in the afternoon for an hour's recess. They were scheduled to return later for another meeting with French Premier Mendes-France and Pham Van the Viet Minn Foreign Minister. Mendes-France was reported by French sources to be cautious, but optimistic." He was pledged to resign as premier unless a cease-fire agreement is reached by midnight The two major obstacles to the signing.of an armistice appeared surmounted and conference quar- ters said an agreement before mid- rtight. appeared certain. A highly reliable source, who de- clined to be identified, said the Communists have agreed the United States would not be listec among the powers approving, the multilateral general declaration to be issued at the close of the ses lion. It was learned that the Chinese Communists, who originally askec that the United States be include! in the list, were now not inclina to.insist on this point. This block thrown into OK negotiations the llth hour, had dampenedoptimism far whuV Ajpeeme'it Beached A responsible Laotian source laid that agreement also was reached on the question of re groupment of "resistance forces' in Laos and the withdrawal of an estimated Vietminh troopi in that kingdom within 60 days. A few minor issues remained to be settled. Aa American source said th British officially informed the U.S delegation late today that Commu hist.insistence on the listing of th United States in the declaration' preamble had been dropped. The French said the atmospher at a luncheon given by FrencI Premier Pierre Mendes-France fo hong Saly. They will be permitted o keep their arms until elections his fall and retain certain political ghts. The French .will be per- mitted to keep bases in Laos. According to available informa- on: Laos will issue a separate de- laration following signing of the armistice, pledging not to join any oreign alliances which would per- mit the establishment of foreign ases in the country. A similar eclaration will be made by the liter state of Cambodia. There no questions of. regrouping roops or resistance forces in Cam- odia. In some western circles, the Bed Chinese request that the United tales be listed with other parti- ipants agreeing to. armistice terms was never taken seriously. It was egarded rather as a last-minute ropaganda move to make the United States appear in opposition o the conclusion of peace. THE WEATHER PJ5. DEPARTMENT OP COMMERCE WEATHER BtSBEAD ABILENE ANTJ fzi and hot Tuesday and Wednesday. His new lw toui days, with low of 75 degrr- Tnw0ar night. NORTH------ ...RTH CENTRAI, TEXAS: Clear partly cloudy And hot this afternoon. joftit and Wednesday, with a fex isolated afternoon and evening thondersriowers in east portion. WEST TEXAS: Clear to partly clouds and warm this afternoon, tonight and Wed llcsday, with a few isolated thondershuH "EAST TEXAS: ParUy. dondy and warm afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, with widely scattered afternoon Uirnidershower SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Clear tc 'partly clottdy and warm tnis afternoon, to- mgbt and WedCftxday, widely scattered af emoon thunaerxnowers, mostly In northeas' portion. ___ TEMPERATTOES MOS. P.M. TVES. A.M. X Si fl 82 W MO 57 It K SI 93" M 90 K K 63 SO 15 93 Rifh and low temperatores for 24 hours ended at a.m.: 100 and 77. Barometer reading at p.m. S.. Relative Rnmldit? at p.m. .ed China's Chou En-lai was cor- al and political matters were dis- ussed oniy perfunctorily. A well informed source said that Jungs "went a bit better" at this orning's session of Mendes- rance, British Foreign Secretary tathony Eden, Soviet Foreign Min- ter V. M. Molotov and Vietminh oreign Minister Pham Van Dong. The ministers, meeting again this :ternooD, appeared to bs ironing ut the few remaining differences etween East and West. Opposed Government Under the agreement reached ith the Laotians, it was reported, bout Laotians opposing the Social Security resent touped government. will around Sam Neua be and Last Ditch Drive to Pass Housing Fails WASHINGTON" The House oday defeated a last-ditch drive, led by Democrats, to enact Presi- dent Eisenhower's proposal for government-built, low-rent mblic housing units over the next four years. The roll call vote was 234-156. The showdown came on a mo- tion by Rep. Spence (D-Ky) to re- store the Eisenhower program of publiC'housing units a year to a compromise bill carrying out many of ,the President's other mousing recommendations. The catch-all is' a compromise Separate versions passed earlier by the House and Senate. The compromise would permit construction' of government- built low-rent public housing units this year, on which commitments already have been" made. It would authorize new units next only for persons dis- placed by slum clearance projects or other government action. Near Approval WASHINGTON. If) The Senate Finance Committee meets today to put finishing touches on a bill to extend social security to about six million persons instead of the 10% million President Eisenhower asked. In a burst of speed yesterday the committee virtually completed closed-door voting on legislation to liberalize and broaden the 18-year- old program. The senators accepted without change the increases in benefits and tax base recommended by the President. But they rewrote cov- erage provisions to cut sharply the number of additional persons the administration had -suggested for social'security. The increased benefits, as in the House-approved bill, would mean aa average te-a-month boost for the five million persons over 6S now on social security rolls. The new average monthly payment would be about Everyone on the, rolls now and retiring in the future would get a minimum a-month hike over present scales. In addition, benefit formulas would be liberalized so that, for instance, the maximum payment to a retired individual would be a month instead of as a'present. For a couple, the max- imum would be Now it is To finance these, the annua amount of-wages subject to taxes would be increased from to The tax now is 2 per ceni on workers and employers. The major coverage change made by the Senate committee was to eliminate entirely from socia security farm operators and professional persons such as doctors, "lawyers dentist and engineers. This was a reversal of its vote last week to put them in on a voluntary basis. Members ex plained yesterday it was felt tha if coverage were optional, onlj those likely to receive the mos benefits and pay the least taxes would enter the system. Cohn Counself or McCarthy Subcommittee Target Bows Out WASHINGTON McCarthy (R-Wis) today announced the resignation of Roy M. Conn, chief counsel his Senate Investigations subcommittee and No. 1 target members demanding a staff shakeup. McCarthy made the announcement in a statement just wo hours before a scheduled meeting at which committee members seeking the scalps Cohn and others were set o seek a showdown vote. "The resignation of Roy Cohn must bring great satis- actton to the Communists and fellow McCarthy 'The smears and pressures to which he has been sub- ected make it clear that an effective anti-Communist can- ot long survive on the Washington scene." public ORDERED FROM HEARING Capitol Police Pvt. Rob- ert M. O'Mahoney ushers Charles WoschowsM from the Senate Caucus Room at Washington Monday after a dis- pute with Sen. Joseph McCarthy The dispute came during a one-man Senate Investigations subcommit- tee haaring into feported Communist activities in defense industries in the Boston area. ________ FOUR DAYS TO GO Rock Island Won't Buy Texas Trackage CHICAGO Rock Island Lines announced today that it had decided not to take over a 105-mile stretch of the financially ailing Wichita Falls and Southern Rail- road in Texas. J. D. Farriflgton, president of Rock Island, said, however, that Hock Island would apply to the Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to purchase a 39-mile segment of the Texas line between Graham, and a point south of Breckenridge. This trackage would be operated as an integral part of the Rock Island system, Farrington said. Candidates Worn Against Sales Tlx, Back Door Boys LOYALISTS MAKE MOVE Rival Young Demo Club Being Sought By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With only four more days in which to sway undecided or change the view of Allan Shivers and Ralph Yarbor- ough were warning against state income and sales taxes and against political machines as they cam- paigned for governor. The warning against sales and income-itaxes came from Shivers Monday. He. said that if Yarbor- ough kept all his campaign promi- ses, they would add up to the nec- essity of sales and income taxes. Find a Way Yarborough declared Monday that "experience has shown us that when an administration stays in office too long the fixers, the back door boys, the influence peddlers somehow find a way." Tuesday, Yarborough was in the Houston area and Shivers was to speak at a Baptist Brotherhood rally at Denison. A third candidate for governor, J. J. Holmes, said Monday in a radio address: "It makes me sad ,o review the Scoreboard, for on it appears the obvious workings of my million-dollar opponents, with all the money they desire at their disposal; I see that in the pro- grams of both of my million-dollar opponents, the people are for- gotten, and that political fixers and public relations men are remem- bered." Shivers Monday wound up 11-speech day in the lower Rio Grande Valley with a broadcast in which he said he was not going lo "promise the moon" with the hope of delivering "a piece of cheese." Budget HJB to Be Kept "I don't think the people of Texas want .to be fooled. The budget has been kept in balance during the administration ot Allan Shivers. We have tried to stay out of the pockets of the working man, With the National Democratic] Party approving "Loyalist" Young Democrat! in Texas, an Abilene "loyalist" moved to organize an- other club in the city. Dallas Perkins, campaign work- er for Ralph Yarborpugh, said he will compile a list of persons who are interested in forming a new club. He invited these" persons to phone him.. Abilene already has one Young Democratic Club, but it is among "Shivers" faction of the state party. leader, C. G. Wnitten, wu out of town Tuesday and could not be reached for comment. Perkinf "A number of pespto hive called me to ask why da not havt a Young Demo- crats Club in Abilene that is recog- nized by the national organization of Young Democrats: Until yester- day, none of the clubs in Texas were recognized because some cf them, the ones organized and con- trolled by Governor Shivers, called themselves .Young Democrats but pledged themselves to support the State Executive Committee in its drive to continue to deliver the vote to the Republicans.' "If this interest continues, I as- sure you that a Young Democrats Club of that win be recognized by the national organ- will be organized. Age limits for this grtxjp are Anyone elss interested fe orfcd to phoot me." 4-FOOTED THIEF MAKES BIG HAUL Two human and one at work in Abilene Tuesday morning. Police received a report that four aluminum cone-shaped floodlights had been torn from the outside wall of Meadows Medical Center at 132S Hickory St. They were valued at The four-footed thief thought to be a dog, got into a chicken bouse at .517 Cherry St. His bag: Five chickens, one turkey, one duck. the farmer, the small business nan and the home owner." He said his opponent, obviously doesn't call lira by had made "reek- ess promises" and added: 'He has promised to triple and uadruple all of the state's expend- ;ures. The state is now spending 30 million dollars a year. My pponent conld not provide what ie has already promised without doubling all of the taxes on natural esources- and other tax sources, then adding a general sales tax and a state income "tax." But Yarborough, at about the ame time, was. saying ,he had always fought and would veto any tate income ram; op; posed to creeping sales taxism, md I am against.any new sales Back Door Boys Yarborough, in a radio speech it San-Antonio., spoke of "fixers, the back door the influence said "They find.the weak link in the chain of govern- ment, they establish and consoli- date positions in the aging admin- istration. From that point on, the ship of state is slowed down progressively until it is docked and cleaned and this re- gardless of whether th'e shipmaster s inclined to resent the'barnacles or not." Yarborough brought up again what he calls "the insurance mess in Austin" and passed on to bloc voting in the Rio-. Grande Valley. "In my; opinion, 99. per cent of our insurance large and'small, new and old, are honest YarboroUgh said. 'But all this great business is be- ing clouded -by the operations of a few unscrupulous promoters, and a few of the .governor's -cronies ike John VanCronkhite, who re- ceived from Lloyds of North America, before that insol- vent company was put into receiv- ership." Cover TJpMesi "To cover up their insurance mess and their unexplained and unexplainable valley lane option deal (on which Gov. Shivers made the opposi tion has charged that I am the candidate of the valley political bosses. "The facts are that while I was district judge in Austin, I issuei an injunction against machine con trolled voting in Duval County and I was the first such district judge in Texas to issue such an in June tion." He declared that bloc votes in Webb, Starr and Zapata countie in the lower valley were for my opponent in U61 and pledgee to him by the bosses in those cow ies again this year." Shivers pounded again at hi claim that Yarborough has no :ated his position on certain is ues. Afraid Say 'I do not believe the people o Texas will elect to that high-offic ny man who is afraid to say "Wha e thinks on the basic issues ie tries to cove p those issues and hide them from our view with a thick coating o olitical platform is personal attack upon me rathe than-a statement of his own pro- -who -tries, to fool th jeople with wild and extravagan romises.to double" this and trip! lat and, at the .cu taxes." The governor, himself, mad ome promises.' He said- -Texas leeds "more school buildings an more well-paid teachers .to kee ip with out: growing population They, will be provided." He said the highway system wil >e enlarged and improved, mor >eds added "to state hospitals, im irovements made in .youth: trair ing schools, rural services exten.i' ed and water problems, solved. Holmes, who has pretty we stayed put of the controversies be- .ween Shivers" and Yarbqroug urged voters to stop what he called 'this dangerous modern tendenc of 'professional -politicians conti uing themselves and their friend in office indefinitely." He wa speaking of Shivers. And he viewed Yarborpugh, too as "rapidly becoming a professio al ROY M. COHN letter made McCarthy made public a etter in which Cohn said .he was resigning because "there ppears to be a lack of unani- ity among the members of le investigations subcom- mittee upon the question-of ontinuing my service as (lief counsel." Actually, the committee was re- mted to be lined up 4-J in favor f firing Cohn. Before McCarthy's ment, there had been widely pun- ished reports that Cohn was re- igning. With his resignation, Cohn be- omes the first official casualty f the McCarthy-Army hearings. The hearings revolved about barges by Army officials that Mc- Carthy, Cohn and Francis Carr, taff director for the McCarthy ubcommittee, exerted improper iressures for preferential treat- ment for Pvt G David Schine Schine, wealthy New Yorker and close friend of Cohn, had been an unpaid consultant on the subcom roittee staff -until he was draftee last tan McCarthy and his aides 'demec they pressured for any specia treatment for Sclune They coun _____J__" _ Secretary of th Army tevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams tried tc use Cohn as a "hostage" to "black mail" the subcommittee into stop- ling its hearings on alleged'tub versives in the Army, At the conclusion of the-36 days of hearings, Sen. Potter (R-Mich said he felt both sides had prove! heir basic charges? With the three Democrats critical of Cohn, Pot ter's stand was'decisive in the alignment of- the seven-member Errand for III Dad Ends in Fatal Crash Conn's resignation -letter was dated yesterday..McCarthy's pre- pared statement of comment on i bore today's date, and was re- leased in his absence from his of fice. He said: "The resignation of Roy Cohn must bring great satisfaction to the Communists and fellow tray elers. The smears and pressure! to which he has been subjected make it clear that an effective anti-Communist cannot long zur vjve on the Washington scene. "He has. rendered perhaps un rivaled service in the conviction and exposure of Communists an< spies in this nation. He prosecuted 'Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, th atomic spies; William Remingtp and the top leaders of tie Com munist party. He exposed Commu- nist infiltration in the United Na tions. With this subcommittee h guided the exposure of Communis infiltration -in the governmen Printing Office, the Voice of Amer ica, Ft. Monmouth, defense plants and other key places. Know His AMlty "The jury of the American peo- ple saw and heard him during the See COHN, ff, 2-A, Col. I SWEETWATER, July JO An rrand for his father ended in death onday night for a Sweetwater )uth. Oscar Harris, Jr., about 19, died hen his car overturned around 30 p.m. He was on his way home one to get his father's, glasses his lather, Oscar Harris, Sr., ould read while hj was hospital- ed in Sweetwater. The youth ever made it back to the hos- ital. Funeral home reported lat he took a shortcut over a dirt road to get home, which is Some Lucky Texas Areas To Gel Rain By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A few lucky spots in Texas were [ue afternoon thundershowers Tuesday, but for the rest it was more uninterrupted heat. Isolated -afternoon and evening thundershowers were forecast. Thundershowers crackled in Eas Texas Monday afternoon. Firemen in Marshall answered several calls ror fires in wiring caused by lighta ing strikes when a thunderstorm brought .69 of an inch of rain tc the East Texas city. Texarkaoa had an inch of rain Luflcin had rain, too. Far to the west Amarillo and El Paso ha< showers. The rain dropped temperatures 25 degrees at Marshall. High Monday temperatures in- cluded 109 at Seymour, at Min erals Wells, 102 at-Fort Worth and 101 at Dallas in North Texas. Abi ene, Waco, Wink and Salt Fla had 100. est of Sweetwater. As he turned nto the freshly-graded road at e Sweetwater city limits, about mile north of U. SI 80, the car verturried. He was pronounced dead on ar- ival at Sweetwater hospital. His mother, Mrs. Oscar Harris, Sr., ad been discharged recently from le hospital, but was re-admitted, uttering from shock, shortly after King told of the accident. Bssides his parents, several irothers and sisters survive. Fu- neral arrangements wQl be Bounced from the Patterson Fu- neral Home when completed. elder Harris is a cemetery lob at- tendant in bis son worked with him. Absentee Vole Reaches 175 As the deadline for voting neared, Taylor Countians who will be unable to vote Salui- day in the Democratic primary made a rush to cast their ballots in Hie county clerk's'office: Thirty-two votes cast Tuesday morning boosted to 284 the num- ber of ballots that have beea de- posited in the absentee box in the office of Mrs. Chester Hutcne- son. An additional 91 ballots that have been mailed out to put the total potential absentee vote -at noon Tuesday at 375. Today Is the last day tor ab- sentee voting in the clerk's of- fice. Monday 59 ballots were cast, and 45 were marked and depos- ited in the absentee box Saturday morning. Return Property WASHINGTON (I) The Senate Judiciary Committee has urged that Japanese and German prop- erties seized by the government during World War n be returned to their owners. IN GOLD DAYS Once-Famous Dawson Struggling to Stay Alive DAWSON, Yukon WV-This once- famous gold rush center is now al- most a ghost town, but its 300 res? idents are striving to keep the place alive by luring tourists. The home in 1898 of gold- hungry dance hall girls and bartenders, it now collection of sagging, decaying buildings. The old Floradora Dance Hall, Nugget Saloon and Royal .Alexan- dra Hotel lean precariously as if ready to fall.. Dozens of other fa- mous old honky-tonks, hotels and amusement peared. placeii have disap- DERAILED BY Tail buckled by near 1004e- gree heat caused the derailment of 29 cars of a Southern Railway 79-car freight train near Belleville, 111. No one 'was Injured. The can were strewed on both sides of the track for eight city blocks with assorted merchandise spilled over the embankment Deterioration started after the gold rush. Raw gold worth 200 mil- lion dollars was carried through Dawson streets, but when the creeks-were panned out, the pros- perous and the penniless trekked out together. A second crushing blow tame when fee, Alaska highway bypassed the town, establishing rival White- bone, 4W river south, as the territory's trading raster. Fi- the federal forrrnmeni stripped Undyog city of capital ot the territory and moved the ta White- .horse The" bif Yukon Consolidated Mlainc Co. Is stiO anployini crews ta eorob out tnto with dint dredges and some old-time pros- icctors make a living by conduci- ng
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