Abilene Reporter News, July 20, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

July 20, 1954

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Issue date: Tuesday, July 20, 1954

Pages available: 48

Previous edition: Monday, July 19, 1954

Next edition: Wednesday, July 21, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 982,852

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 20, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND HOT VOL. LXXIV, NO. 32 Wfít Abilene X nr ¡/ EVENING nil ai riunii "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron Attociated P (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 20, 1954 —EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c I Viet Nam Partition Agreed GENEVA ff-East and West, with the United States standing aside, agreed late today to partition Viet Nam roughly along the 17th Parallel, a French source said. He reported only technical difficulties remained to be settled before signing of a cease-fire agreement for Indochina. The partition line, it was said, will run about 12 miles north of important Highway No. 9, leading from Quang Tri on the coastal road to Savannakhet in Laos. The French source said the is-*ues involving Viet Nam were ail settled with fixing of the partition line. Only a few language difficulties remained in the peace provisions concerning Laos and Cam bodia. Left Meeting Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden of Britain and Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov left the meeting where the final details of the peace were being completed in the afternoon for an hour’s recess. They were scheduled to return later for another meeting with French Premier Mendes-France and Pham Van Dong, the Viet Minh Foreign Minister. Mendes-France was reported by French sources to be cautions, but “very optimistic.” He was pledged to resign as premier unless a cease-fire agreement is reached by midnight. The two major obstacles to the signing of an armistice appeared surmounted and conference quarters said an agreement before midnight appeared certain. A highly reliable source, who declined to be identified, said the Communists have agreed the United States would not be listed among the powers approving the multilateral general declaration to be issued at the close of the session. It was learned that the Chinese Communists, who originally asked that the United States be included in the list, were now not inclined to insist on this point. This block, thrown into the negotiations at the 11th hour, had dampened optimism for a while. Agreement Reached A responsible Laotian source s&id that agreement also was reached on the question of regroupment of “resistance forces” in Laos and the withdrawal of an estimated 10,000 Vietminh troops in that kingdom within 60 days. A few minor issues remained to be settled. An American source said the British officially informed the U.S delegation late today that Communist insistence on the listing of the United States in the declaration’s preamble had been dropped. The French said the atmosphere at a luncheon given by French Premier Pierre Mendes-France for Red China’s Chou En-lai was cor dial and political matters were discussed only perfunctorily. A well informed source said that things “went a bit better” at this morning’s session of Mendes-France, British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden, Soviet Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov and Vietminh Foreign Minister Pham Van Dong. The ministers, meeting again this afternoon, appeared to be ironing out the few remaining differences between East and West. Opposed Government Under the agreement reached with the Laotians, it was reported, about 1,500 Laotians opposing the present govérnment will be grouped around Sam Neua and Phong Saly. They will be permitted to keep their arms until elections this fall and retain certain political rights. The French will be permitted to keep bases in Laos. According to available information: Laos will issue a separate de- j claration following signing of the armistice, pledging not to join any foreign alliances which would permit the establishment of foreign bases in the country. A similar declaration will be made by the sister state of Cambodia. There are no questions of regrouping troops or resistance forces in Cambodia. In some western circles, the Red Chinese request that the United States be listed with other participants agreeing to armistice terms was never taken seriously. It was regarded rather as a last-minute propaganda move to make the United States appear in opposition to the conclusion of peace. Social Security Extension Bill Near Approval WASHINGTON iff - The Senate Finance Committee meets today to put finishing touches on a bill to extend social security to about six million persons instead of the 10% million President Eisenhower asked. In a burst of speed yesterday the committee virtually completed closed-door voting on legislation to liberalize and broaden the 18-year old program. The senators accepted without change the increases in benefits and tax base recommended by the President. But they rewrote coverage provisions to cut sharply the number of additional persons the administration had suggested for social security. The increased benefits, as in the House-approved bill, would mean average $6-a-month boost for Cohn Quits as Chief Counsel for McCarthy Subcommittee Target Bows Out the now THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER »BREAD ABILENE AND VICINITY— Mostly Fair »nd hot Tuesday and Wednesday. Hufh near 100 both days, with low of 75 degrees Tuesday night. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Clear to eartly cloudy and hot this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, with a few isolated afternoon and evening thundershowers, mostly in east portion. WEST TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, with a few isolated thundershow- *fEAST TEXAS: Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, with widely scattered afternoon thundershowers, SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS:    Clear to wartcloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday, widely scattered afternoon thundershowers, mostly in northeast P0rtl0n TEMPERATURES Last-Ditch Drive to Pass Housing Fails WASHINGTON iff — The House today defeated a last-ditch drive, led by Democrats, to enact President Eisenhower’s proposal for 140.000 government-built, low-rent public housing units over the next four years. The roll call vote was 234-156. The showdown came on a mo tion by Rep. Spence (D-Ky) to restore the Eisenhower program of 35.000 public housing units a year to a compromise bill carrying out many of the President’s other housing recommendations. The catch-all is a compromise between Separate versions passed earlier by the House and Senate. The compromise would permit construction of 33,000 government-built low-rent public housing units this year, on which commitments already have been made. It would authorize 35,000 new units next year—but only for persons displaced by slum clearance projects or other government action. five million persons over 65 on social security rolls. The new average monthly payment would be about $57. Everyone on the rolls now and retiring in the future would get a minimum $5-a-month hike over present scales. In addition, benefit formulas would be liberalized so that, for instance, the maximum payment to a retired individual would be $108.50 a month instead of $85 as a! present. For a couple, the maximum would be $162.75. Now it is $117.50. To finance these, the annual amount of wages subject to taxes would be increased from $3,600 to $4,200. The tax now is 2 per cent on workers and employers. The major coverage change made by the Senate committee was to eliminate entirely from social security 3,600.000 farm operators and 500,000 professional persons such as doctors, lawyers , dentists and engineers. This was a reversal of its vote last week to put them in on a voluntary basis. Members explained yesterday it was felt that if coverage were optional, only those likely to receive the most benefits and pay the least taxes would enter the system. ORDERED FROM HEARING — Capitol Police Pvt. Rob ert M. O’Mahoney ushers Charles Woschowski from the Senate Caucus Room at Washington Monday after a dis-pute with Sen. Joseph McCarthy (R-Wis). The dispute came during a one-man Senate Investigations subcommit tee hearing into reported Communist activities in defense industries in the Boston area.    . SWEETWATER, July 20 - An errand for his father ended in death Monday night for a Sweetwater youth. Oscar Harris, Jr., about 19. died when his car overturned around 9:30 p.m. He was on his way home alone to get his father’s glasses so his father, Oscar Harris, Sr., could read while he was hospitalized in Sweetwater. The youth never made it back to the hospital. Funeral home officials reported that he took a shortcut over a dirt road to get home, which is FOUR DAYS TO GO Candidates Warn Against Sales Tax, Back Door Boys MON. F.M. % ...... m ...... 99 100 97 95 95 90 85 R6 85 1:30 2:30 3:30 4:30 5:30 fi: 30 7:30 8:30 9.10 10:30 11:30 TUES. A.M. 83 82 82 80 78 . 78 . 81 . 84 8fi . 89 . 90 „ ............ 32:30      93 High and low temperatures for 24 hours ended at 6:30 a.m.: 100 and 77. Barometer reading at 12:30 p.m. 28.08 Relative humidity at 12:30 p.m. 3fi% Rock Island Won't Buy Texas Trackage CHICAGO (ff—The Rock Island Lines announced today that it had decided not to take over a 105-miie stretch of the financially ailing Wichita Falls and Southern Railroad in Texas. J. D. Farrington, president of Rock Island, said, however, that Rock Island would apply to the Interstate Commerce Commission for authority to purchase a 39-mile segment of the Texas line between Graham, Tex., and a point south of Breckenridge. This trackage would be operated as an integral part of the Rock Island system, Farrington said. LOYALISTS MAKE MOVE Rival Young Demo Club Being Sought By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS With only four more days in which to sway undecided voters— or change the view of some—Gov. Allan Shivers and Ralph Yarborough were warning against state income and sales taxes and against political machines as they campaigned for governor. The warning against sales and income taxes came from Shivers Monday. He said that if Yarborough kept all his campaign promises, they would add up to the necessity of sales and income taxes. Find a Way Yarborough declared Monday that “experience has shown us that when an administration stays in office too long the fixers, the back door boys, the influence peddlers somehow find a way.” Tuesday, Yarborough was in the Houston area and Shivers was to speak at a Baptist Brotherhood rally at Denison. A third candidate for governor, J. J. Holmes, said Monday in a radio address: “It makes me sad to review the scoreboard, for on it appears the obvious workings of my million-dollar opponents, with all the money they desire at their disposal; I see that in the programs of both of my million-dollar opponents, the people are forgotten, and that political fixers and public relations men are remembered.” Shivers Monday wound up an 11-speech day in the lower Rio Grande Valley with a broadcast in which he said he was not going to “promise the moon” with the hope of delivering “a piece of cheese.” Budget Has to Be Kept “I don’t think the people of Texas want to be fooled. The budget has been kept in balance during the administration of Allan Shivers. We have tried to stay out of the pockets of the working man, With the National Democratic Party approving “Loyalist” Young Democrats in Texas, an Abilene “loyalist” moved to organize another club in the city. Dallas Perkins, campaign worker for Ralph Yarborough, said he will compile a list of persons who are interested in forming a new club. He invited these persons to phone him. Abilene already has one Young Democratic Club, but it is among the “Shivers” faction of the state party. Its leader, C. G. Whitten, was out of town Tuesday and could not be reached for comment. Perkins said: “A number of people have called me to ask why we do not have a Young Demo crats Club in Abilene that is recog nized by the national organization of Young Democrats. Until yester day, none of the clubs in Texas were recognized because some of them, the ones organized and controlled by Governor Shivers, called themselves Young Democrats but pledged themsfelves to support the State Executive Committee in its drive to continue to deliver the Texas vote to the Republicans. “If this interest continues, I assure you that a Young Democrats Club of Abilene—one that will be recognized by the national organization— will be organized. Age limits for this group are 18 40. Anyone else interested is urged to phone me.” 4-FOOTED THIEF MAKES BIG HAUL Two thieves—one human and one four-footed—were at work in Abilene Tuesday morning. Police received a report that four aluminum cone-shaped floodlights had been torn from the outside wall of Meadows Medical Center at 1325 Hickory St. They were valued at $25. The four-footed thief thought to be a dog, got into a chicken house at 517 Cherry St. His bag: Five chickens, one turkey, one <juck. the farmer, the small business man and the home owner. He said hfs opponent, obviously Yarborough—Shivers doesn’t call him by name— had made “reckless promises” and added: “He has promised to triple and quadruple all of the state s expenditures. The state is now spending 530 million dollars a year. My opponent could not provide what he has already promised without doubling all of the taxes on natural resources and other tax sources, then adding a general sales tax and a state income tax.” But Yarborough, at about the same time, was saying .he had always fought and would veto any state income taxes “and I am opposed to creeping sales taxism, and I am against any new sales tax.” Back Door Boys Yarborough, in a radio speech at San Antonio , spoke of “fixers, the back door boys, the influence peddlers,” said “They find the weak link in the chain of government, they establish and consolidate positions in the aging administration. From that point on, the ship of state is fouled, hampered, slowed down progressively until it is docked and cleaned and this regardless of whether the shipmaster is inclined to resent the barnacles or not.” Yarborough brought up again what he calls “the insurance mess in Austin” and passed on to bloc voting in the Rio Grande Valley “In my opinion, 99 per cent of our insurance companies, large and small, new and old, are honest companies,” Yarborodgh said “But ail this great business is be ing clouded by the operations of a few unscrupulous promoters, and a few of the governor’s cronies like John VanCronkhite, who received $11,000 from Lloyds of North America, before that insol vent company was put into receiv ership.” Cover Up Mess ‘To cover up their insurance mess and their unexplained and unexplainable $450,000 valley land option deal (on which Gov. Shivers made $425,.000 profit), the opposition has charged that I am the candidate of the valley political bosses. “The facts are that while I was district judge in Austin, I issued an injunction against machine controlled voting in Duval County and I was the first such district judge in Texas to issue such an injunction.” He declared that bloc votes in Webb, Starr and Zapata counties in the lower valley were “cast for my opponent in 1952 and pledged to him by the bosses in those coun ties again this year.” Shivers pounded again at his claim that Yarborough has not stated his position on certain issues. Afraid to Say “I do not believe the people of Texas will elect to that high office any man who is afraid to say what he thinks on the basic issues of the campaign—who tries to cover up those issues and hide them from your view with a thick coating of political mud—whose platform is a personal attack upon me rather than a statement of his own program—and who tries to fool the people with wild and extravagant promises to double this and triple that and, at the same time, cut taxes.” The governor, himself, made some promises. He said Texas needs “more school buildings and more well-paid teachers to keep up with out growing population. They will be provided.” He said the highway system will be enlarged and improved, more beds added to state hospitals, improvements made in youth training schools, rural services extended and water problems solved. Holmes, who has pretty well stayed out of the controversies be tween Shivers and Yarborough, urged voters to stop what he called this dangerous modern tendency of professional politicians continuing themselves and their friends in office indefinitely.” He was speaking of Shivers. And he viewed Yarborough, too, as “rapidly becoming » professional politician.” WASHINGTON (AP)—Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) today announced the resignation of Roy M. Cohn,    counsel of his Senate Investigations subcommittee and No. I target of members demanding a staff shakeup.    wt McCarthy made the announcement in a statement just two hours before a scheduled meeting at which committee members seeking the scalps of Cohn and others were set to seek a showdown vote.    .    .. “The resignation of Roy Cohn must bring great.satisfaction to the Communists and fellow travelers, McCarthy Sa^ “The smears and pressures to which he has been subjected make it clear that an effective anti-Communist cannot long survive on the Washington scene ’ McCarthy made public a letter in which Cohn said he was resigning because “there appears to be a lack of unanimity among the members of the investigations subcommittee upon the question*of continuing my service as chief counsel.” Actually, the committee was reported to be lined up 4-3 in favor of firing Cohn. Before McCarthy’s announcement, there had been widely published reports that Cohn was resigning. With his resignation. Cohn becomes the first official casualty of the McCarthy-Army hearings. The hearings revolved about charges by Army officials that McCarthy, Cohn and Francis P. Carr, staff director for the McCarthy subcommittee, exerted improper pressures for preferential treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine. Schine, wealthy New Yorker and close friend of Cohn, had been an unpaid consultant on the subcommittee staff until he was drafted last fall.    . McCarthy and his aides denied they pressured for any special treatment for Schine. They counter-charged that Secretary of the Army Robert T. tevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams tried to use Cohn as a “hostage” to “blackmail” the subcommittee into stopping its hearings on alleged subversives in the Army. At the conclusion of the 36 days of hearings, Sen. Potter (R-Mich) said he felt both sides had proved their basic charges^ With the three Democrats critical of Cohn, Potter’s stand was decisive in the alignment of the seven-member group. Cohn’s resignation letter was dated yesterday. McCarthy s prepared statement of comment on it bore today’s date, and was released in his absence from his office.    t He said: “The resignation of Roy Cohn must bring great satisfaction to the Communists and fellow trav elers. The smears and pressures to which he has been subjected make it clear that an effective anti-Communist cannot long survive on the Washington scene. ‘He has rendered perhaps unrivaled service in the conviction and exposure of Communists and spies in this nation. He prosecuted Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, the atomic spies; William Remington and the top leaders of the Com munist party. He exposed Communist infiltration in the United Nations. With this subcommittee he guided the exposure of Communist infiltration in the government Printing Office, the Voice of America, Ft. Monmouth, defense plants and other key places. Knew HU Ability “The jury of the American people saw and heard him during the See COHN. Pg. 2-A ROY M. COHN , letter made publie Errand for III Dad Ends in Fatal Crash Some lucky Texas Areas To Gel Rain By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A few lucky spots in Texas were due afternoon thundershowers Tuesday, but for the rest it was more uninterrupted heat. Isolated afternoon and evening thundershowers were forecast. Thundershowers crackled in East Texas Monday afternoon. Firemen in Marshall answered several calls for fires in wiring caused by lightning strikes when a thunderstorm brought .69 of an inch of rain to the East Texas city. Texarkana had an inch of rain. Lufkin had rain, too. Far to the west Amarillo and El Paso had showers. The rain dropped temperatures 25 degrees at Marshall. High Monday temperatures included 109 at Seymour, 104 at Minerals Wells, 102 at Fort Worth and 101 at Dallas in North Texas. Abilene, Waco, Wink and Salt Flat had 100. west of Sweetwater. As he turned onto the freshly-graded road at the Sweetwater city limits, about a mile north of U. S. 80, the car overturned. He was pronounced dead on arrival at Sweetwater hospital. His mother, Mrs. Oscar Harris, Sr., had been discharged recently from the hospital, but was re-admitted, suffering from shock, shortly after being told of the accident. Besides his parents, several brothers and sisters survive. Funeral arrangements will be announced from the Patterson Funeral Home when completed. The elder Harris is a cemetery lot* attendant in Sweetwater, and his son worked with him. Absentee Vole Reaches 375 As the deadline for absentee voting neared, Taylor Countians who will be unable to vote Saturday in the Democratic primary made a rush to cast their ballots in the county clerk’s office. Thirty-two votes cast Tuesday morning boosted to 284 the number of ballots that have been deposited in the absentee box in the office of Mrs. Chester Hutcheson. An additional 91 ballgts that have been mailed out to put the total potential absentee vote at noon Tuesday at 375. Today is the last day for absentee voting in the clerk’s office. Monday 59 ballots were cast, and 45 were marked and deposited in the absentee box Saturday morning. Return Property WASHINGTON t* — The Senate Judiciary Committee has urged that Japanese and German properties seized by the government during World War II be returned to their owners. 40,000 IN GOLD DAYS Once-Famous Dawson Struggling to Stay Alive DERAILED BY HEAT—A rail buckled by near 100-degree heat caused the derailment of 29 cars of a Southern Railway 79-car freight train near Belleville, 111. No one was injured. The cars were strewed on both sides of the track for eight city blocks with assorted merchandise spilled over the embankment DAWSON, Yukon Iff—This once-famous gold rush center is now almost a ghost town, but its 500 residents are striving to keep the place alive by luring tourists. The home in 1898 of 40,000 gold-hungry prospectors, dance hall girls and bartenders, it now is a collection of sagging, decaying buildings. The old Floradora Dance Hall, Nugget Saloon and Royal Alexandra Hotel lean precariously as if ready to fall. Dozens of other famous old honky-tonks, hotels and amusement places have disappeared. Deterioration started after the gold rush. Raw gold worth 200 mil lion dollars was carried through Dawson streets, but when the creeks were panned out, the prosperous and the penniless trekked out together. A second crushing blow same when the Alaska highway bypassed the town, establishing rival Whitehorse, 470 river miles south, as the territory’s trading center. Finally, the federal government stripped the dying city of its status as capital of the territory and moved the administration to Whitehorse. The big Yukon Consolidated Mining Co. is still employing crews to comb through the panned out creeks with giant modern dredges and some old-time Prospectors make a living by conducting 'guided tours of the ruins. All steamboats coming down the Yukon River from Whitehorse this year will be greeted by quaintly costumed pioneers and their ladies. The Nugget Saloon, threadbare and torn, will rock again to the sound of big money gambling (with play money sold at the rate of $10,000 for a dollar) and bard drinking iof soft drinks at 25 cents a bottle.) But the colorful days Robert Service wrote about in verse will never be seen again in Dawson. GRANDSTAND WORRIES OVER COSHOCTON, Ohio iff - Coshocton County Fair officials were worried about their grandstand. It had been condemn«! as a fire hazard. So they ordered a $7,000 repair job. The job was just about finished yesterday when some paint thinner exploded. The 100-year-old structure burned to the ground, causing an estimated $50,000 damage. ;