Abilene Reporter News, July 1, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - July 1, 1954, Abilene, Texas . r,    *    ■ is® iWRipW^iPiP IWPw JP» «•*»    %컫sPWrip*!#' WPPP ■.v-'Sfc- .wpjfc -*ife'- ■■'^Pì "*&■-    ttó/r'V/v'sí   ~-------‘:ü! FAIR, HOT Œhe (TÍWÍaMA 3$ hi- VA \)t auwi II a» eporter / *« ir m it *t t&t fr* fcVLl\lí\ü FINAL"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXIII, No. 377 Aaoduled (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, THURSDAY EVENING, JULY I, 1954-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c End Appears Near as French Quit Delta Areas Editor’s Note: Larry Allen has been covering Indochina fighting from the battle areas, where a tight censorship is in effect, for about two years. The following dispatch, from Singapore, was not subjected to censorship. By LARRY ALLEN SINGAPORE UPt—Much of the Red River Delta, key prize in the bitter Indochina war, was falling into the hands of the Communist-led Vietminh tonight without a fight. French Union forces were evacuating swiftly from their hard-to-hold centers in the Delta area. The end to the savage 8-year-old struggle appeared to be not far off. The French Union forces were generally withdrawing to their last lifeline—the railway and highway linking the war capital of Hanoi with the seaport of Haiphong, 64 miles to the east. An Indochina Dunkerque may come soon at the end of this road —“the most dangerous road in the world.” Haiphong is France's last beachhead in northern Viet Nam. It is from there that they will have to make the attempt to evacuate tens of thousands of troops, whether as a result of a cease fire or after fighting their way through from Hanoi. The French today announced they were pulling out of such important and heavily populated centers as Phat Diem, Thai Binh, Nam Dinh, and Ninh Binh, all within 55 to 75 miles south and southeast of Hanoi. That automatically meant an area embracing thousands of villages peopled by around four million Vietnamese were dropping into the hands of the troops of Vietminh Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap. It also meant that while these millions were being abandoned to communism, the French soon would be shakily controlling only the lifeline between Hanoi and Haiphong and a strip of territory in northeastern Indochina including the town of Moncay on the Chinese border. That too, however, may soon be given up as the French concentrate all their defensive power in the do-or-die sector between Hanoi and Haiphong. Barring a cease fire, the Viet- minh are expected quickly to hit è massive human the lifeline with sea attack that could crush the French Union forces. Whether the Delta then is swept by monsoon rains will make little difference. The Vietminh usually have staged their heaviest attacks during rainstorms because they immobilize French armor and warplanes. There is also danger of a possible civil uprising as the Vietminh sweep into thousands of the approximately 5,500 villages where seven million Vietnamese live. Throughout the war the sympathies of these Vietnamese rice-grow-ers have been with the troops of Moscow-trained Ho Chi Minh and not with the French or the budding Vietnamese national army. For weeks since the Vietminh smashed the French fortress of Dien Bien Phu on May 6 thousands of Vietnamese in Hanoi and elsewhere in northern Indochina have been almost chanting “Long live Ho Chi Minh”. To these people the fail of Dien Bien Phu meant the French could not last much longer. Vietnamese in the Delta rarely have demonstrated any patriotic streak. They have been interested only in having enough rice to eat. They have never liked the French, who have fought to protect the fledgling nation of Viet Nam from the sweep of communism. They have not feared Ho and communism because they have never experienced it. Thus, if the French have to quit Hanoi and make a fighting withdrawal to a last beachhead at Haiphong, they may find their way barred not only by six to eight Vietminh divisions but by the 100,-000 Vietminh soldiers hidden inside the heart of the Delta and aided by tens of thousands of civilians who want the French crushed. Since 1950, when the French were driven all the way from the Chinese border, they had managed to hold onto theif wedge-shaped Delta perimeter covering 8,000 square miles of Delta lands rich in rice, minerals and manpower. Virtually every French com mander has declared:    ‘As    the Delta goes, so goes Indochina and all of southeast Asia.” Unless the Indochina conference in Geneva stops the shooting, the odds appear heavily in favor of the Delta going into the hands of the Vietminh. In Paris the French News Agency announced that the Vietminh had already occupied Phat Diem, the big Catholic center 75 miles southeast of Hanoi. This was accomplished at 10 a.m. yesterday. The British have warned 150'British Commonweath citizens to be ready to leave Hanoi on a merit’s notice. mo- -ear Hundreds Deac In Fallen Adobe Huts DEBRIS, MUD 3Spans Of Bridge Are Gone TAKE TO ROOFTOPS IN FLOOD—These people took to roofs and balconies in Piedras Negras, Mexico, across the river from Eagle Pass, as the Rio Grande swept past, inundating the city. Piedras Negras City Of Death, Filth By ROBERT IL JOHNSON Jr. PIEDRAS NEGRAS, Mexico —Piedras Negras today was a crumbled town of mud, filth, muddy water, little children drinking from street puddles and campers mobbing food trucks. The count of dead in the flood of the Rio Grande Still Stood officially at 38. But my personal opinion is that It’s much more. Water still is three and four feel deep downtown, and that’s the only place you can go because there are the only paved streets. Out trom town—nobody knows how many are dead. You just can’t get there because of the mud. And what’s buried under the mounds of dirt and stones that once were homes—you just don t know. Wade Through Mud Barefooted Mexicans waded through the mud and water to start digging through their crumbled homes. They are mounds ten twelve feet high. There’s no injections, and the people don’t know what is happening to them. They lay on the floor and screamed. It took six men to hold some of them. I don’t know what the injections were—we couldn't settle the word in Spanish.    ,    . Air Force helicopters are flying food and water over. They went over this morning with canned milk. The Mexican army picked it up and drove to the hillside camps. But there everybody just went and grabbed. People still are camped all over the hills. Downtown the water mark Is from 3 feet to over the tops of the buildings. The water rushed through town with such force that it bent the steel post of a street light. Misery huddled at the airports See FILTH, Pg. 8-A, Col. 1 IKE DECLARES AREA OF FLOOD DISASTER ZONE WASHINGTON » — Presi-dent Eisenhower today declared the Rio Grande flood areas in Texas as a major disaster zone eligible for federal relief. The amount of aid to be al-loted will be fixed after a survey by the federal Civil Defense Administration. The President acted on a request by Gov. Shivers of Texas who telegraphed the White House on two occasions early today. Replying to .these messages the President said:: “The devastating floods now occurring in Texas ancL Mexico are of deep concern to all of us, and the heart of the nation goes out to the suffering people in this area.” or organized effort. Families simply are working on their own houses. The city has no water supply at all. The * government is trucking in water from Nava and Viente, two little inland towns. But Alfonso Arniaz Varrela said even when the water trucks come in, the people don’t have containers to take water and the ones who do already have contaminated them with flooiiwater. There’s an emergency hospital at the village of Villa Fuente, about seven miles inland where doctors are giving emergency treatment, 1 asked a doctor, “Any more dead?” “Aw, yeah,” lie replied, “but I dori't know how many.” The doctor said at least 200 came for treatment this morning—they just come in and go out. The doctors are giving the people THE WEATHER Crowds Gathering For Cowboy Show rj s. department of commerce WEATHER BUREAU ------------ Fair    and    hot ‘“north'CENTRAL AND WEST TEXANS: Partly cloudy with a few Isolated after-m*nand evening thundershowers Tbuira-day and Friday. Not much change in tern- FAST TEXAS: Clear to partly cloudy ,^ afternoon, tonight and Friday AJew ilola'.cd afternoon and even««funder- "sotrrk «ctem. SiX wr* fair Ihis Bfte"noon. tonW and Frklay, Not much change in temperature. temperatures Wed. PM. Thur*. ® S3 95 95 94 m 87 83 7» 77 74 1:30 2:30 3:30 4:30 5:30 6:30 7:30 8.30 9:30 10:30 11:30 12:30 A.M. 72 72 71 69 «9 «9 76 82 86 90 92 93 Ram meter reading at 12:30 p.m. ».38. ReUthS humidity at 12:30 p.m. 27%. Maximum temperature for 24 hour* ^ 34 hours ending at 6:30 «•».: «7. By BOB COOKE Reporier-News Staff Writer STAMFORD, July 1 — This West Texas city was already pretty welL filled Thursday morning with ranch hands, old-time cowmen, and rodeo fans who began arriving early for the opening of the 24th annual Texas Cowboy Reunion and Rodeo. Already the chuck wagons from West Texas ranch outfits, including those from the 6666 Ranches, the Pitchfork Ranch at Guthrie, and the SMS outfits in Throckmorton and Dickens, were deployed around the reunion and rodeo grounds to dish out son-uva-gun and other authentic ranch hand food to rodeo contestant?, cowboys, and visitors. First Contests Held The first contest of the four full days of the rodeo and reunion was run off early Thursday. The process of eliminating some of the lesser entries in the cutting horse event began at 7:30. The top horses from the eliminations event will compete in each performance of the rodeo until the final night, when the four best of the group will compete for the championship. At noon Thursday the members of the Texas Cowboy Reunion Association gathered at the association’s Chuckhouse on the reunion grounds for the first dinner together since last year and an organizational meeting after the Chuckhouse luncheon. Parade Rolls at 5 p.m By mid-afternoon thousands of spectators were expected in the city to witness at 5 p.m. the grand 3 Charged In Building Tool Thefts opening parade which will move along the principal downtown streets, thence to the rodeo grounds where it will disperse. The parade will form at Siam ford Junior High School, several blocks northeast of the business section of the city. The first of five rodeo programs will begin at 8 a.m. Thursday night with the grand entry. There will be a nightly prformance Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, then a skip Sunday. There will be two performances Monday, the concluding day, the matinee beginning at 2 p.m., the night show at 8 a.m. Cowboy Roping Friday The first of the old-time cowboy roping contests will be held at 8 a.m. Friday morning. Joe Moore of Abilene will down the show. Rex Felker, manager of the Haskell Chamber of Commerce. will be the announcer. Music for the occasion will be by the Hardin-Simmons University Band, official musical group of the rodeo and reunion association. Burglary here of about $600 worth of building tools was believed by Abilene city police Thursday to be solved. They had filed charges against three Abilene men. Tools were stolen during the past week end from a shed on the site of North Junior High School band room construction. Rufus Siv-ley is the contractor who lost them. Pete A. Walters, about 25, of 804 Cypress St.; and James Alvin Cox, 34. of 1226 Elm St., were charged with burglary, Abilene Police Detective Capt. W. B McDonald said. Tommie Wray McPherson, 28, of 804 Cypress St., and formerly of Burkburnett, Tex., was charged with receiving and concealing stolen goods. Walters was arrested in Del Rio Wednesday by offices of that locality. This was done at the telephoned request of Capt. McDonald. Loot Recovered In Walters’ possession was what is believed to be all of the loot. McDonald reported. Cox and McPherson were in Taylor County jail Thursday morning. The other suspect, Walters, remained in jail at Del Rio. Deputy Sheriff Leroy Arnold and Texas Ranger Jim Paulk left here Thursday morning for Del Rio to return Walters to Abilene. The entire detective force of Abilene Police Department worked on the investigation, McDonald said. Stolen in the burglary were one level transit, one skiilsaw, a Ram set gun that drives pins, and one canvas bag of brick mason tools. LAREDO IB — Receding flood waters of the Rio Grande revealed this morning that three spans of the international highway bridge here were completely washed out by the history making flood. Two of the three spans were on the Mexican side, the other on the United States side. Andrew M. ; Gault, manager of the bridge, said > that he has no idea how long it would take to effect temporary re pairs. Gault and other engineers were inspecting the bridge and ap i proaches through piles of twisted i debris and mud left after yesterday’s 62-foot plus record crest. The water was down to approximately 42 feet this morning. Laredoans lined up for mass typhoid inoculations as many refugees returned to their homes with shovels and brooms to scrape away the mud left by the Rio Grande’s flood. All backwaters that crept into the city’s residential area had drained away this morning. Officials of both Laredo Nuevo Laredo, aero«?'- the j&o ' ide in Mexico, joined In * ittle against disease a .mger in the wake of the f >ou. Officials of neither city were willing to estimate the damage, but they united in thanks that there was no loss of life in the torrents of water that battered their river-fronts and inundated hundreds of residences. They and high state officials including Gov. Allan Shivers of Texas also renewed demands for swift action on a proposed upstream dam which they believe would have tamed the flood. While no one would be quoted on the amount of damages, they agreed a dam would have paid for itself in restraining this one flood. Officials also agree n that the two full days of warn,..*- a smoothly functioning team of local, state, and federal officials had held the casualty list to zero and expedited evacuation and care of refugees. The two cities have a combined population ot about 120, ooo. 15,000 Homeless; Toll to 55 Related story on Pici Pf. 2-R Picture on Pg. 13-B EAGLE PASS, Tex. (B-At Ieayt 55 persons are dead in the Rio Grande's most devastating flood in history, but the death toll might rise to disaster proportions today. Across the river from here, at miserable Piedras Negras, Mexico, it was feared hundreds may have died in the collapsed adobe huts of the poor. Of the counted dead, 38 were a PICKET ROB DUGAN . Bell workers won’t cross TODAY'S PROGRAM FOR REUNION 5 p.m.—Grand parade downtown, then to rodeo grounds. 5:45 p.m.—Ranch chuck wagons open to serve meal to visitors. 8 p.m.—Grand entry in rodeo arena. 8:30 p.m.—Rodeo contests • begin. 1C p.m.—Sponsors’ ball in Pavilion. Little Rain Left By Àrea Showers Picket Line Up at Bell Western Electric phone installers put up picket lines around Southwestern Bell Telephone Co. here Thursday at 10:45 a.m. and sent phone workers trickling off the job. The Bell workers, member of a sister Communications Workers of America union, were all expected to be off the job by about 2 p.m. Thursday, Mrs. Bessie Shelton, local unon head, said. After U a.m., Bell workers began leaving the building for lunch with no plans of returning, Mrs. Shelton said. The Bell Workers will honor the FUND ’HITS $8,548 Abilenians to Meet Spanns on Telecast Very light, scattered thunder showers left only a trace of rain in the Abilene area Wednesday night. A Weather Bureau spokesman said the showers were well scattered to the east and the only noticeable amount of rainfall in West Texas was recorded »at Presidio which received about one inch. Radar unit at Municipal Airport picked / up indications of bare traces of rain in an area from Brownwood north to Wichita Falls which was 20 to 30 miles wide in spots. Most of the showers were located 40 io 80 miles east of Abilene. A shower which started about 9:30 p.m. in Abilene left only a trace with 03 being recorded at the airport. Abilenians will meet Mrs. Jimmy Spann and her two children, Ruth and Jimmy, on television Thursday evening. The Rev. Sterling Price, pastor of University Baptist Church, will interview Mrs. Spann and present the two children, from 6:45 to 7 p.m. over KRBC-TV. The program is being made possible by the Citizens National Bank of Abilene. Mrs. Spann was widowed and the children left fatherless June 17 when her husband, Policeman Jimmy Spann, was shot to death in a gun battle near Merkel. West Texans rallied to the family’s aid with donations of money that totalled $8,598.92 Thursday morning. Part of this money — $1,545.72— has been used to pay off the family’s debts, including funeral expenses, and the balance now stands at $7,053.20. Gifts have ranged from 50 cents to $500, Western Electric workers picket lines as long as they are up. she explained. Last August when Bell wo ei„ were on strike, the Western Electric workers refused to cross their picket lines, R. O. Taylor, job steward for the installers, said. The installers are asking a boost in hourly wage scale, he explained. Nation-Wide Strike The nation-wide installers strike, which affects about US,000 workers 44 states, wss called last Fri- in Piedras Negras. Nearly 100 miles north of the river, at Ozona, Tex., one of the flash floods which fed Rio Grande's swollen stream Monday killed at least 16 others. Another died in a Pecos River flood. Upstream at Del Rio, Tex., and Ciudad Acuna, Mexico, and down stream at Laredo, Tex., and Nuevo Laredo, Mexico, there were few casualties and no deaths from the unprecedented flood. Adequate warnings and other safeguards plus organization paid off, officials said. Large numbers of sick and injured were making their way toward makeshift hospitals last night in Piedras Negras. Sixty-five injured were in a temporary medical shelter, and more moved in every minute. At least 15,000 were homeless and some 7,000 refugees huddled in the hills of CoahuUa with no shelter, no food and no water. About 80 per cent of the homes in the city of 35,000 were flooded. Half of those were destgpyed as the adobe brick crumbled in the flood. Daylight — maybe today, perhaps next week — may bring a more startling toll of death. But „* e tree death count conceivably may never be known. “From what 1 hear, there may be anywhere from 200 to 500 dead,” said H, G. Walker, U.S. Public Health Service official here to help in rescue and rehabilitation. U.S. Consul Charles Talifierro in Piedras Negras doubted a death toll as high as 500 but added: “It is entirely possible.” “There’s no doubt that some bod- The fund will be further swelled July 9 by a special midnight show at the Paramount Theater. Tickets, available from members of the Police Department and Interstate Theaters, have already sold past the $1,000 - mark. Manager Wally Akin said. Besides gifts in cash, fellow city employes have been generous in donations of vacation-time pay to the family. Contributions may be sent to the Reporter-News and checks should be made out to the Jimmy Spafin Appreciation Fund. Reporter-News officials arc assisting in the fund’s administration. New contributions: Mcllwain Motors Mr. and Mrs. Willard A. Foster v\ B. Cooke French M. Robertson Already acknowledged day at the CWA convention m Cleveland by Joseph A. Beime. CWA chief. “The convention was unanimous in backing the strike,” said Mrs. Shelton, who attended the convention with other local union officials. Taylor got word from the Dallas office about 10:45 a.m. and pickets were posted immediately, he said. He made no prediction as to how long the strike will last. Actually, only about a dozen installers are included in the strike locally, but the picket lines may i»ui several hundred Bell workers off the job. Western Electric installers work on main eqquiprnent in the phone exchanges, not on local installations or PBX boards, Taylor said. Both WE and Bell are subsidiaries of the American Telephone and Telegraph Co., according to Taylor. The strike will affect chiefly long-distance service and special services of the phone company. See FLOOD, Pg. 3-A, Col. t Absentee Voting In Demo Primary To Start Tuesday $30.00 Marriage Licenses Hit 9-Year Low Ï 5.00 5.00 25 00 8,513 92 Total $8,596.92 CHICAGO Wb—Marriage licenses in Chicago in June fell to a nine-year low and County Clerk Rich-{ard J. Daley blamed the hot weath-* er. The June total was 5,357. Temperatures of 90 or higher kept Chicago sweltering for 16 of the 30 days in June, a record number. Absentee voting in the Democratic primary election July 24 will start next Tuesday, July 7. According to Texas election laws absentee voting legally can begin 20 days prior to the election date, which would be Sunday. Because Taylor County Courthouse will be closed Monday in observance of July 4 which falls on Sunday, absentee voting in the county clerk s office will start Tuesday Mrs. Chester Hutcbfcsoo, county clerk, said Thursday morning that 22 applications for absentee ballots have been received in her office and that ballots will be mailed Sunday morning to these applicants. Persons who know in advance that they will be out of the city July 24 may cast absentee ballots in the county clerk’s office until three days before the election date Sunday, July 4, is also the day for candidates to file their third sworn statements of campaign expenses. Mrs. Hutcheson has received notice from the Texas attorney general’s office that these statements may be filed July 4, 5 or 6. ¡WPS#* ;