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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - June 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas POSSIBLE SHOWERS SPfje "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron EVENING VOL. LXIII, NO. 352 AaociattJ Pnu (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, JUNE 5, PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe HO HUM Korea Issue On Geneva Slate Again By MICHAEL GOLDSMITH GENEVA tB-The stalemated Geneva conference turned back to- day to the question of how to unify task already written off hopeless by most Western dele- gates. With the stalled Indochina peace talks in recess three days the 19- pariy Korean parley scheduled a plenary session today. Communist delegates -were ex- pected to reply to a 14-point pro- posal made two weeks ago by Sooth Korean Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai for free elections throughout Korea under United Nations supervision. The Communists have main- tained throughout the conference that the a belligerent in the Korean not qualified to supervise all-Korean elections. They wee almost certain to re- ject the Pyun proposals and repeat their demand for Communist-style elections repeatedly rejected by the West. The 16 United Nation Allies of the Korean War agreed yesterday to a" proposal by U.S. Undersecre- tary of State Walter Bedell Smith to call a restricted session on Ko- rea Monday. Apart from a brief procedural debate early in the conference, Monday's session will be the first to discuss the Korean problem pri- vately. It will be limited to the Big Four, Red China and North and South Korea. A conference source said the pur- pose of the restricted session was to "find the most elegant means of breaking off the Korean talks" in view of the apparently irrecon- cilable positions of the two sides. The informant said the 16 U.N. Allies yesterday discussed their "strategy for adjourning the Ko- rean phase, of the conference." One Western source said "the Communists will never make a concession liable to endanger their absolute hold on North Korea. The only possible progress would be by way of still further concessions by the we already have made enough-of those." British Foreign Secretary An- thony Eden flew back to London last night. He is not due back until Tuesday when the conference is expected to switch to Indochina with the first semi-public session after a series of closed door meet- ings. The unrestricted session was de- manded by Russia's Foreign Min- ister V. M. Molotov who had ex- pressed annoyance over failure of many delegations to maintain con- ference secrecy. The Indochina talks have been making little perceptible progress, but both sides seemed reluctant to talk yet of breaking off nego- tiations. The conference here has been stalled over Communist demands for a foothold in the Associated Indochina States of Laos and Cam- bodia and for Red participation in international control of a future Indochina armistice. Possible Showers Forecast for Area NAIA tracksters may have to be good "mudders" if the U. S. Weather Bureau is right. The weathermen forecast pos- sible showers late Saturday for the Abilene area. The area probably has a sticky evening ahead. Temperatures for Saturday were to be up in the 90's, with clouds hanging around in the vicinity. "POGO Navy's flying "Pogo vertical rising fighter plane, moves upward in tethered flight inside- the Navy's huge hangar at Moffett Field, Calif. TKe-delta-wing rXFY-l, Convair-built plane is designed to and turn horizontally af ter it has gaifled altitude- tethered flight was the first public Charleston Hit By 5 Explosions W.Va. of water pumped from the Kana- wha River held at bay today a dangerous chemical plant fire af- ter a series of five "atomic-like" explosions shook the countryside and injured at least 52 persons. Company officials said as. far as they-could tell all personnel were accounted for. About 200 men were working in the Institute plant of the Carbide and Carbon Chemicals Corp. about 11 miles west of here, when a tank car exploded and set off a chain of four other blasts. A spokesman said there was a "possibility" some might have been caught in the blast area. He would not elaborate other, than to say there had been no "roll call" of employes. About 40 of those hurt were em- ployes of the plant. The others in- cluded numerous persons cut or otherwise injured by glass and fly- ing debris. 5-Hour Fight Uncounted property damage re- sulted from the blasts heard or felt within a 15-mile radius of the sprawling plant in the heart of West Virginia's chemical valley. It was more than five hours be- fore firemen got the upper hand on the huge fire in the styrene plant. Until electric power could be restored and water pumped from the nearby river, the fire raged unabated. Homes and business places were shaken and windows shattered in South Charleston, St. Albans, In- stitute and Dunbar, spotted a few miles apart along the heavily-in- dustrialized river front. The first explosion, with a fire- ball strikingly like that from an atomic blast, occurred about p.m. EST. Four hours later, fire- men were beginning to gain on the chemical-fed blaze. Delbert Simmons of Dunbar, driving past the plant at the time of the first explosion, said "all I could see was a big flash of white fire and my car turned around." The original blast and four suc- ceeding ones spread fear and con- sternation throughout the area. At Watt Powell Baseball Park in Charleston, the first explo- sion sounded like a roll of thunder. Pete Droddy, who resides about Hi miles from the Institute plant, said the first blast rocked his house. "The third blast looked like a gigantic he said. "The smoke .and flames seemed to rise about 300 to 400 feet into the air. It jarred pictures from the walls in houses all around here and broke windows." Droddy said he felt the "heat i on my face but I didn't feel any i shock." TOUCHEORNOT? McCarthy Cla ims Victory In Army Pho ne Call Probe WASHINGTON McCar- thy (R-Wis) claimed today the story told in long-secret monitored telephone calls "blow up" the Army's case against him in his bitter bailie with top Pentagon of- ficials. Before taking off for Ripon. Wis., to moke a speech marking the 100th anniversary of the Repub- lican party, McCarthy left BO doubt that he regarded yesterday's hec- tic developments as a prelude to final victory In the swirling con- troversy. He told newsmen that disclosures during the televised Senate probe into the dispute of hitherto-unpub- lished transcripts of Army-moni- tored phone conversntions, be- tween Scntito Investigations sub- comhiittcc senators and Secretary nf Ihe-Army Stevens, "blows up their whole cnsc." -The calls spilled Into the hear. hlg record one after another yes- terday, breaking a logjam over their release that had held them back since soon after the public inquiry began April 22. The calls quoted Stevens, in a March 8 talk with Sen. Symington (D-Mo) shortly before the 'Army tiled its "pressure" charges against McCarthy and his aides, as saying allegations of tial treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine "were very much exag- gerated." The Army's formal charges accused the McCarthy camp of seeking by improper means to win special "privileges for Schine. a former consultant to the investigations subcommittee licaded by McCarthy. The calls also disclosed that Sy- mington joined forces-with the Army side one point in the dis- pute before it got to the hearings stage, Symington was quoted as advis- ing Stevens to seek advice from CUrk Clifford, a former top aide to President and as tell Ing Stevens that Depoty Atty. Gen. William P. Rogtn "one other fellow that is on your side." The Missouri senator gave this explanation as the content of his transcribed discussions with Stev- ens came to light: He had willingly taken "sides" with the Army in an effort to help slop McCarthy's reported abuse of Army witnesses; that he had nol talked to any principals in the case outside the hearing room once the subcommittee look on its invest! gallons; and that he did not know if Stevens ever went to Clifford. Rogers, already named in Mc- Carthy contentions that -adminis- tration officials outside the Army had a hand in the case, said in a speech nt Willimantic, Conn., lust night (hat "Iherc ii-e many more important things" to allracl the attention of the American peo- ple than "these congressional hearings." He refused comment as to which ot the two battling sjrmpathlied with. Shivers May Testify In Insurance Hearing POINT OF CRISIS Adlai Says U.S. Is 'Doubt' Sick NEW YORK t-B-Adlai E. Stev- enson said today America is suf- fering from a "national neurosis" of self-doubt and may be at the crossroads of democracy and total- itarianism- "That we are not invulnerable. .Is, I think, demonstrated by many Tie said, "of which McCarthyism. is only one." The 1952 Democratic nominee ter president told a bicentennial conference of Columbia University te has been disturbed "by what seems to me the chorus at home and abroad of irrational criticism, abuse ar.d mistrust of America its motives and its peoples. "I don't mean just the.. attacks on academic freedom, the pres- sure for conformity, our failures in he field of foreign affairs, or the iresent wretched manifestations in Washington of our national neuro- "n 3 prepared addrc? s. (Although did say so, ihe 'manifestations" he referred to apparently were the hearings in- olving the Army and Sen. Joseph fi. McCarthy 'Rather I am talking about malice, distemper and the new 'ashion of beinj cynical, sarcastic tnd skeptical about America, or about fellow in larje groups. "Whit's the matter with aiiy- He asked. "The usual di- agnosis is ignorance and fear.... "But I wonder if all these alarming concerns are not Ameri- ca's surface symptoms of some- thing deeper; of a moral and hu- man crisis in the Western world which might even be compared to the 5th and 6th Century crisis when the Roman empire" was .ransformed into feudalism and early Christianity, or the crisis of a thousand years later when the "eudal world exploded and the in- dividual emerged with a new re- ationship to God, nature and so- ciety------ "Since man cannot live by bread alone, is not the underlying crisis whether he is going to be inspired and motivated again by the ideas of the humanistic tradition of the Western culture, or whether he 'alls for the new pagan religions, he worship of the state and a eader, as millions of believers in Jie Fascist or Soviet systems have already done? 'That we are not invulnerable, that there is a moral and human vacuum within us is. I think, dem- onstrated by many symptoms, succeeded in frightening so many Recounting American accom- plishments at home and abroad, Stevenson said "the plain truth is best success story in human his- tory. "We here in America have in a few years made socialism ob- solete, and shown communism to be a stagnant pool of re- action, a breeding ground for all the diseases of violence, slavery and spiritual suffocation that man has spent millenia trying to es- cape. T. ALLAN SHIVERS who's next? Red-Inspired Strike Hits Hard at Honduras Industry TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras tfl Honduras, nervous neighbor of left- wing- Guatemala, is with U.S. a stout Western ally in the cold war. against com- munism in Central America. But a strike which the government says was Red-inspired is plaguing the government, and incidentally re- quiring U.S. housewives to pay more for bananas. This tiny republic is strengthen- ing its slim army. The United States' has airlifted arms to Hon- duras to bolster army expansion. More military equipment will come by ship. The government has started cracking the whip ever leaders, of a month-old strike which has para- lyzed the country's rich north coast banana belt Police have jailed the leader of the strike committee and three aides. Honduras army units have been stationed throughout the strike area- Long before Communist activi- ties in Guatemala leaped into the American limelight with a 10 mil- lion dollar weapons shipment from Poland, the strike had led Hon- duras to see red over the border inGuatemala. Relations were strained severely. The Honduran Foreign Ministry charged Commu- nist agitators from Guatemala had infiltrated the 'ranks of the strik- ers. Now, mountain-ribbed Honduras has become a bastion for the anti- Communist resistance movement of Guatemalan exiles. Carlos Cas- tillo Armas, 40-year-old former lieutenant colonel in the Guatema- lan army, has headquarters in Te- gucigalpa. His movement stretches to El Salvador through Guatemala and into Mexico. Despite uneasiness between the two countries, Honduran Foreign Minister J. Edgardo Valenzuela FATHER TAKES BLAME 'Red' Insurance Policy Delays Annapolis Grad feels there is no cause for alarm. "I do not think Guatemala wants i he said in an interview. 'She has no reason to start one." The Honduras government has under study its reply to Guatema- la's surprise invitation last month to sign a friendship and non-ag- gression pact. The offer followed She Honduras charge that Guate- malans had meddled the strike. Guatemala. insisted it had been 'unjustly accused." Two Guatemalan consuls were tossed out of Honduras on charges, of "subversive activities" as a re- sult of.tension over the strike. With some workers idle and losses estimated at gtaojxn third of the weekly national income in Hondu- declared the strike main concern.' The wsdkout. over wages and other benefits has disrupted all op- erations of the United Fruit Co. In the north coast area, bananas are falling off the trees! and unsprayed leaves are being hit by disease. Negotiations to end the strike broke down Monday when Cesar Agusto Goto, secretary of the Cen- tral Strike Committee, repudiated previous discussions between strike representatives and United Fruit. Coto and three aides were: jailed Monday night in connection with strike agitation in Lalima, United Fruit headquarters. Mediators are seeking to get new strike committees organized to re- sume negotiations. First major strike in Honduras history, the walkout which started in late March caught company of- ficials by surprise. The organized way the strike spread has led to the belief that this is a long- planned episode. The Standard Fruit Co., man- aged to reach strike settlements in its section of the banana belt, granting pay boosts ranging up to 10 per cent. The government this week ex- pressed sympathy with labor's ef- forts for "just betterment" of its lot, but stressed it would not tol- erate any threat to public peace. WASHINGTON lA-An Austrian- born janitor, shaken because the Navy has held back a commission from his Annapolis-graduated son, says he's to blame because he bought insurance 17 years ago. from an organization now on the attorney general's subversive list, In halting sentences. Andrew Yadlowsky explained last night he was sold on a policy for his son. Peter, because members of the In- ternational Workers Order told him it was cheap and he could get sick benefits from it. Yadlowsky, a naturalized citizen, said he never belonged to the IWO. "My son didn't know said Yadlowsky in telephone in- terview from his Jersey City, N. J.. home, "and he has to suffer because I insured him. He never paid anything He was 13 .years Peter Yadlowsky graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy yester- day along with 851 classmates. But the Navy has said that he and two other I, Pol- lack, Hartford, Conn., and Paul Shimek Jr., Hazen, be commissioned until security checks on them are completed. Meanwhile, the three were to go home and audit the outcome of the investigations. A spokesman at Ihe Naval Acad- emy told the Hartford Courint: "The question of loyalty is not involved in PoUtdt'i caw. Rather it is a question in the broad cate- gory of what is called 'security. He did not elaborate. Yadlowsky related that he bought the IWO insurance about 1S37. "I wanted the sick he said. "I paid cheap and I thought I would be all right and now I have trouble." He added that he dropped the insurance when the govern- ment began its check on his son. THE WEATHER V.S. DEPARTMENT OF OOMMEUCK WEATHKK HCBKAIT ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly ekmdy Sauirdny afternoon, ntsht. And Sun- day, fossiblo lute SatnHay nlfifit And Sunday. Hijh Saturday afternoon Low Saturday nisM 79. Wish Sunday aboot WEST TF.XAS Partly cfoudy with scattered tlmadtrstorms this noon and loniiht and ta portion of ranhandh and South Plains and vatt at Valley Sunday. No ImporUBt iwraturt Plea for Subpoena Tops Bitter Issue AUSTIN Gen. John Ben Shepperd asked today that Gov. Allan Shivers be subpoenaed in the Lloyd's of North America Insurance case. Shepperd telephoned the request to his office from San Diego where he had been working with a Duval-County grand, jury on matters not related to the insurance case.' French Blast Rebel Troops, Ammo Dumps The reqquested order for Shivers to appear in court climaxed three days of fast and furious issuance of suboenas and statements as Texas insurance "operations be- came the biggest and most bitter issue in the 195-1 race for governor. Pivot point of yesterday's devel- opments was the Lloyd's of North America insurance case, in which trial is scheduled to begin Monday to determine whether the Houston firm should be permanently en- joined from operating. Atty. Gen. John Ben Shepperd, who brought tbe suit and who also has been" subpoenaed as a defense witness for the insurance company, requested subpoenas for guberna- torial candidate Ralph Yarborough ?nd for attorneys Herman Jones and John Cofer, both of Austin, and Dent Taylor, Handera, former official of the insurance firm. Candidate Denies Rumor Yarborough had just finished is- suing a statement denying he had ever represented the Lloyd's com- pany or its organizer, Ralph Ham- monds of Houston, or had ever dis- cussed the case with Jones or Cofer. Jones, political supporter of Yar- borough in the past, is representing North the receivership suit. Yarborough's denial was in reply to a statement by John VanCronk- bite, public relations man and for- mer aide to Gov. Shivers. VanCronkhite "denied ever at- tempting .to use any "so-called-po- litical influence" on behalf of the Lloyd's firm, which he represented as public relations counsel for some nine or ten months until March of this year. Alleges Threats Made He said Hammonds had threat- ened him with "political retribu- tion" if the state prosecuted tbe company. VanCronkhite said Ham- monds finally went to Yarborough and Yarborough sent him to Cofer, then to Jones. The publicity man said he be- lieved Yarborough actually is Ham- monds' Jones as a responsible for a "political conspiracy" in connec- tion with the lawsuit. Yarborough called those state- ments "an infamous falsehood." He said he had flatly refused when Hammonds tried to hire him in the case. Less than three hours later, Shepperd announced issuance of the subpoenas for Yarborough, Jones, Cofer and Taylor. Frt. F.X. M K5 K M 87 80 76 7J HUih low tcmrtratum for a.m.; 17 and Md M but yw: ftW 71 Southern Baptists Back Segregation ST. LOUIS ifl The Southern Baptist Convention last night de- clared its support of the Supreme Court decision outlawing segrega- tion in public schools and called for acceptance of the ruling "in the spirit of Christ." The convention adopted by a standing vote a statement describ- ing the ruling as "in harmony with the constitutional guarantee of equal freedom to all citizens, and with the Christian principles of equal justice and love for all With some persons attend- ing the convention session only about 50 persons voted against the stand recommended by the tion's Christian Life Commission. A roar of applause greeted the decision. Then the messengers (delegates) from the convention's 23-state territory joined in singing the hymn. "He Leadeth Me." The commission commended the Supreme Court for deferring en- forcement of the decision "until the nation shall have had time to work out methods by which transi- tion from the present practice may be effected." Convention recommendations on this and other issues are not bind- ing on any Southern Baptist churches or members. Under the convention constitution, messenge to the convention have no power to commit their local churcoM M any iuue. HANOI, Indochina French warplanes blew up a Vietminh ammunition dump 35 miles east of here today and dive bombed Communist-led rebel troops creep- ing toward this war capital on tiro roads. A French army spokesman said the dump apparently was emergency storage area for small arms and mortar ammunition." Direct hits by thousand pound bombs were reported on Vietminh convoys on Routes U and 41. the roads the rebels are using to move toward Hanoi from Men Bien Phu in a pincer seeing several large explpstani and fires. The most ctf unuV-'frpm Dien Bien'rPBi. re- potted 50 miles west" of the Red Siver Delta defense perimeter. Vietmiuh saboteurs cut. nils the vital supply line between Hanoi and the Haiphong seaport A French briefing officer said the damage was quickly repaired and traffic only briefly delayed. Ex-Governor PiennNJ NEW YORK "tR-New Jersey's former Gov. Harold Giles Hoffman, often the center'of Apolitical fire- works and for years a'sharp critic of Lindbergh kidnaping investiga- tors, died yesterday at tbe age of 58. As governor of New Jersey from 1935 to 1937, Hoffman's term covet- ed the sensational trial a which Bruno Richard" Hauptmann was convicted of the kidnaping and slaying of Charles A. Lindbergh Jr. Several times Hoffman indicated he was not satisfied with the kid- nap investigation. He granted Hauptmann a 30-day reprieve but the death sentence was carried out after Hoffman said he had DO legal power as governor to stay the exe- cution further. Bin Over A EC Head WASHINGTON ID Rep.! Holifield ID-Calif) said today con- gressional testimony has disclosed a "serious rift" within the Atomic Energy Commission "over giving more power to its chairman." issue, he said in an inter- view, "must be resolved before we can have a harmoniously function- ing commission." The Senate-House Atomic En- ergy Committee, of which Holi- field. is a memberv, asked UK five AEC commissioners for more pub- lic testimony today on a proposal to "name the chairman as the group's "principal Commissioner Eugene M. Zuck- ert, who has opposed the propo- sal, and Commissioner Joseph Campbell, reportedly favoring it, have their turn to speak today. Commissioners Henry D. Smyth and Thomas E. Murray both op- posed the proposed change yester- day'and urged that the present equal status of all commissioners be retained. Chairman Lewis L. Strauss test- ified hit position was "not one of opposition or advocacy" for the change. But he said the lack of some qualifying phrase for the chairman has led to "many diffi- culties" now and in the past. The ebalrmtB added Cut on tat basis of his past business experi- ence "I can most earnestly state that it is, not possible, -effectively, to I emphasize the word large business en- terprise by committee." Holifield said the issue WM so serious that it couid not' be settled merely by deleting the phrase "principal officer" .from a bill new before tbe committee. "It will take joint action by the committee and tbe commission to settle he said. He said Strauss' testimony "made it very clear be felt be should be given added power" av- er that provided by toe present law. Smyth said a "certain amount of tension" always existed within tbe commission aid bad become a "little greater- since Straw was named ehairmM. nearly a year ago. Murray and Smyth'said they bad beeu consulted in advance President Eisenhower's news con- ference statement that inn rf present nuclear weapon it ade- quate. They also said they nothing UlTtan' April speech calling fcr a meeting of scieotats turn out Btenhoww'i Kifwl ,fcr a
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