Abilene Reporter News, June 5, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

June 05, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, June 5, 1954

Pages available: 24

Previous edition: Friday, June 4, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, June 6, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 982,852

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - June 5, 1954, Abilene, Texas POSSIBLE SHOWERSFINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron Auoriated PreM (AP)    ABILENE,    TEXAS,    SATURDAY    EVENING,    JUNE    5, 1954—EIGHT PAGES    ~ PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10e VOL. LXIII, NO. 352HO HUM Bv MICHAEL GOLDSMITH GENEVA Ufy—'The stalemated Geneva conference turned back today to the question of how to unify Korea—a task already written off as hopeless by most Western delegates. With the stalled Indochina peace talks in recess three days the 19-party Korean parley scheduled a plenary (session today. Communist delegates were expected to reply to a 14-point proposal made two weeks ago by South Korean Foreign Minister Pyun Yung Tai for free elections throughout Korea under United Nations supervision. The Communists have maintained throughout the conference that the U N —as a belligerent in the Korean War—was not qualified to supervise all-Korean elections. They wee almost certain to reject the Pyun proposals and repeat their demand for Communist-style elections repeatedly rejected by the West. The 16 United Nation Allies of the Korean War agreed yesterday to a proposal by U.S. Undersecretary of State Walter Bedell Smith to call a restricted session on Korea Monday. Apart from a brief procedural debate early in the conference, Monday’s session will be the first to discuss the Korean problem privately. It will be limited to the Big Four, Red China and North and South Korea. A conference source said the purpose of the restricted session was to “find the most elegant means of breaking off the Korean talks” ip view of the apparently irreconcilable positions of the two sides. The informant said the 16 U N Allies yesterday discussed their “strategy for adjourning the Korean phase of the conference ” One Western source said “the Communists will never make a concession liable to endanger their absolute hold on North Korea. The only possible progress would be by j way of still further concessions by ; the West—and we already have made enough of those ” British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden flew back to London last night. He is not due back until Tuesday when the conference is expected to switch to Indochina with the first semi-public session after a series of closed door meetings. The unrestricted session was demanded by Russia's Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov who had expressed annoyance over failure of many delegations to maintain con-terence secrecy. The Indochina talks have been making little perceptible progress, but both sides seemed reluctant to talk yet of breaking off negotiations. The conference here has been stalled over Communist demands for a foothold in the Associated Indochina States of Laos and Cambodia and fqr Red participation in international control of a future Indochina armistice NEW YORK LTt—Adlai E. Stev-1 enson said today America is suf- i fering from a “national neurosis” j of self-doubt and may be at the ; crossroads of democracy and totalitarianism. “That we are not invulnerable. .. .Is, I think, demonstrated by many symptoms,” he said, “of which McCarthyism. ... is only one.” The 1952 Democratic nominee for president told a bicentennial conference of Columbia University he has been disturbed “by what seems to me the chorus at home and abroad of irrational criticism, abuse and mistrust of America its motives and its peoples. “I don’t mean just the. . attacks on academic freedom, the pressure for conformity, our failures in the field of foreign affairs, or the present wretched manifestations in Washington of our national neurosis,” he sa d n -j prepared addrcs. (Although did to* say so, the “manifestations” he reierr'xi to ; apparently were the hearings in- ! ' olving the Army and Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy (F.-W s>> “Rather I am talking about malice, distemper and the new fashion of beinj cvnical, sarcastic and skeptical about America or about 'ellcw Americans ir large groups. ...” “What’s the matter with us, a iy-bow?” He asked. “The usual diagnosis is ignorance and fear.... “But I wonder if all these alarming concerns are not America's surface symptoms of something deeper: of a moral and human crisis in the Western world which might even be compared to the 5th and 6th Century crisis when the Roman empire was i transformed into feudalism and early Christianity, or the crisis of a thousand years later when the ieudal world exploded and the individual emerged with a new relationship to God, nature and society. ... “Since man cannot live by bread alone, is not the underlying crisis whether he is going to be inspired * and motivated again by the ideas of the humanistic tradition of the j Western culture, or whether he i falls for the new pagan religions, the worship of the state and a J leader, as millions of believers in the Fascist or Soviet systems have already done” “That we are not invulnerable, that there is a moral and human vacuum within us is. I think, demonstrated by many symptoms, j succeeded in frightening so many ! Recounting American accomplishments at home and abroad, Stevenson said “the plain truth is best success story in human history. .. “We here in America have in a few years made socialism obsolete, and shown communism to be a stagnant pool of reaction, a breeding ground for all the diseases of violence, slavery and spiritual suffocation that man has spent millenia trying to escape. GOV. ALLAN SHIVERS •.. who's next? feels there is no cause for alarm. “I do not think Guatemala wants | a war,” he said in an interview, j “She has no reason to start one.” J The Honduras government has under study its reply to Guatema- j la’s surprise invitation last month to sign a friendship and non-ag- j gression pact. The offer followed j the Honduras charge that Guate-j malans had meddled in the strike, j Guatemala insisted it had been “unjustly accused.” Two Guatemalan consuls were tossed out of Honduras on charges of “subversive activities" as a result of tension over the strike. With some 25.000 workers idle and losses estimated at $200,000 a week-one third of the average weekly national income in Honduras—Valentuela declared the strike constitutes “our main concern.” The walkout over wages and other benefits has disrupted all operations of the United Fruit Co. In the north coast area, bananas are falling off the trees - and unsprayed leaves are being hit by disease. Negotiations to end the strike broke down Monday when Cesar Agusto Coto. secretary of the Central Strike Committee, repudiated previous discussions between: strike representatives and United Fruit. Coto and three aides were ! jailed Monday night in connection with strike agitation in Laltma. United Fruit headquarters. Mediators are seeking to get new 1 strike committees organized to resume negotiations, j First major strike in Honduras : history, the walkout which started : in late March caught company of-| ficials by surprise. The organized way the strike spread has led to the belief that this is a long-| planned episode. The Standard Fruit Co., managed to reach strike settlements in us section of the banana belt, granting pay boosts ranging up to 10 per cent. The government this week expressed sympathy with labor's efforts for “just betterment” of its lot. but stressed it would not tolerate any threat to public peace. TEGUCIGALPA, Honduras s# -Honduras, nervous neighbor of left-wing Guatemala, is emerging— with U.S. help—as a stout Western I ally in the cold war against communism in Central America. But! a strike which the government says was Red-inspired is plaguing the I government, and incidentally requiring U.S. housewives to pay more for bananas. This tiny republic is strengthening its slim army. The United States has airlifted arms to Honduras to bolster army expansion. More military equipment will come by ship. The government has started cracking the whip over leaders of a month-old strike which has paralyzed the country’s rich north coast banana belt. Police have jailed the leader of the strike committee and three aides. Honduras army units have been stationed throughout the strike area. Long before Communist activities in Guatemala leaped into the .American limelight with a 10 million dollar weapons shipment from Poland, the strike had led Honduras to see red over the border in Guatemala. Relations were ! strained severely. The Honduran Foreign Ministry charged Communist agitators from Guatemala had infiltrated the ranks of the strikers. Now. mountain-ribbed Honduras j has become a bastion for the anti-: Communist resistance movement 1 of Guatemalan exiles. Carlos Castillo Armas, 40-year-old former lieutenant colonel in the Guatemalan army, has headquarters in Tegucigalpa. His movement stretches to El Salvador through Guatemala j and into Mexico. Despite uneasiness between the two countries, Honduran Foreign ! Minister J. Edgardo Valenzuela “POGO STICK” DEMONSTRATED—The Navy’s flying “Pogo Stick.” vertical rising fighter plane, moves upward in tethered flight inside the Navy’s huge hangar at Moffett Field, Calif. The delta-wing XFY-1, Convair-built plane is designed to rise vertically and turn horizontally after it has gained altitude. The tethered flight was the first public demonstration of the plane. NEW YORK (¿A—New Jersey's former Gov. Harold Giles Hoffman, often the center of political fireworks and for years a sharp critic of Lindbergh kidnaping investigators, died yesterday at the age of Possible Showers Forecast for Area NAIA tracksters may have to be good “mudders” if the U, S. Weather Bureau is right. The weathermen forecast possible showers late Saturday for the Abilene area. The area probably has a sticky evening ahead. Temperatures for Saturday were to be up in the 90 s, with clouds hanging around in the vicinity. FATHER TAKES BLAME Rift Reported Over AEC Head Southern Baptists Back Segregation it is a question in the broad category of what is called ‘security. ” He did not elaborate. Yadlowsky related that he bought the 1WO insurance about 1937. “I wanted the sick benefits.” he said. “1 paid cheap and 1 thought I would be all right and now I have trouble.” He added that he dropped the insurance when the government began its check on his son. WASHINGTON ^~-An Austrian-born janitor, shaken because the Navy has held back a commission from his Annapolis-graduated son, says he's to blame because he bought insurance 17 years ago from an organization now on the attorney general’s subversive list In halting sentences. Andrew Yadlowsky explained last night he was sold on a policy for his son, Peter, because members of the International Workers Order told him it was cheap and he could get sick benefits from it. Yadlowsky, a naturalized citizen, said he never belonged to the I WO. “My son didn’t know anything,” said Yadlowsky in a telephone interview from his Jersey City, N. J.. home, and lie has to suffer because I insured him. .. He never paid anything ... He was 13 years old,” Peter Yadlowsky graduated from the U. S. Naval Academy yesterday along with 851 classmates. But the Navy has said that he and two other midshipmen—Harold 1 Pollack, Hartford. Conn., and Paul Shimek Jr., llazen, Ark—cannot lie commissioned until security checks on them are completed Meanwhile, the three were to go home and await the outcome et the investigations, A spokesman at the Naval Academy told the Hartford Courant: “The question of loyalty is not involved in Pollack’s case. Rather TOUCHE OR NOT? ST. LOUIS .f — The Southern] Baptist Convention last night de- i clared its support of the Supreme Court decision outlawing segrega- j tion in public schools and called j for acceptance of the ruling "in ; the spirit of Christ.” The convention adopted by a : standing vote a statement describing the ruling as “in harmony w ith the constitutional guarantee of equal freedom to all citizens, and with the Christian principles of ] equal justice and love for all men ’ With some 9.000 persons attending the convention session only about 50 persons voted against the stand recommended by the convention’s Christian Life Commission. A roar of applause greeted the I decision. Then the messengers ] (delegates' from the convention’s 23 state territory joined in singing the hymn, “He Leadeth Me “ The commission commended the Supreme Court for deterring en-forcement of the decision “until the nation shall have had time to work out methods by which transition from the present practice may be effected " Convention recommendations on this and other issues are not binding on any Southern Baptist churches or members Under the convention constitution, messenge to the convention have no power to commit than local churches on any issue. McCarthy Cla ims Victory In Army Phone Call Probe WASHINGTON if» — Rep. j basis of his past business expen Holifield ID-Calif' said today con- ence “I can most earnestly state gressional testimony has disclosed ! that it is not possible, effectively, a “serious rift” within the Atomic ! to operate—and 1 emphasize the Energy Commission “over giving word operate—a targe business en* more power to its chairman."    ter prise by committee.'’ „The issue, he said in an inter- i Holifield said the is«» was so view, “must be resolved before we serious that it could not be settled can have a harmoniously function- merely by deleting the phrase ing commission ”    principal officer” from a bill now The Senate-House Atomic En- j before the committee, ergy Committee, of which Holi- J “It will take joint action by the field is a member, asked tiie five committee and the commission to AEC commissioners for more pub- settle it,” he said, lie testimony today on a proposal j He said Strauss’ testimony to 'name the chairman as the “made it very clear he felt he group’s "principal officer ”    should be given added power” ov- Commissioner Eugene M Zuck- er that provided by the present ert, who has opposed the propo- law. sal. and Commissioner Joseph Smyth said a “certain amount Campbell, reportedly favoring it, of tension” always existed within have their turn to speak today.    the commission and had become Commissioners Henry D. Smyth a “little greater” since Strauss and Thomas E. Murray both op- was named chairman nearly a posed the proposed change yester- year ago. day and urged that the present Murray and Smyth said they had equal status of all commissioners not beec consulted in advance of be retained.    :    President Eisenhower’s news con* Chairman Lewis L Strauss test* ference statement that the size of i ified his position was “not one of present nuclear weapons is ade-oppo&ition or advocacy * for the i quate. They also said they knew change. But he said the lack of nothing beforehand about Strauss' some qualifying phrase for the April speech calling for a world chairman has led to “many diffi- meeting of scientists to help carry eulties” now and in the past. j out Eisenhower’s proposal tor a The chairman added that on the 1 global atomic pool, fellow that is on your side ” The Missouri senator gave this explanation as the content of his transcribed discussions with Stevens came to light: He had w illingly taken * sides” with the Army in an effort to help stop McCarthy’s reported abuse oi Army witnesses; that he had not talked to any principals in the case outside the hearing room once the subcommittee took on its investigations; and that he did not know if Stevens ever w'ent to Clifford. Rogers, already named in McCarthy contentions that administration otticials outside the Army had a hand in the case, said in a speech at Willimantic, Conn., ; last night that “there ace man)’ more important things” to attract the attention of the American people than “these congressional hearings," He refused comment as to which of the two battling groups he sympathized with. back since soon after the public inquiry began April 22. The calls quoted Stevens, in a March 8 talk with Sen Symington <D Mot shortly before the Army filed its "pressure” charges against McCarthy and his aides, as saying allegations of preferential treatment for l‘vt G. David Schine “were very much exaggerated,” The Army's formal charges accused the McCarthy camp of seeking by improper means to win special privileges for Schine. a former consultant to the investigations subcommittee lieaded by McCarthy. The calls also disclosed that Symington joined forces with the Army side «at one point in the dispute before it got to the hearings stage Symington was quoted as advising Stevens to seek advice from Clark Clifford, a former top aide to President Truman, and as tell ing Stevens that Deputy Atty, Gen. William P. Rogers was “one other WASHINGTON i.fv-Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) claimed today the story told in long secret monitored telephone calls “blow up" the Army's case against him in his bitter battle with top Pentagon officials. Before taking off for Ripon, Wis , to make a speech marking the 100th anniversary ot the Republican party, McCarthy left no doubt that he regarded yesterday's hectic developments as a prelude to j final victory in the swirling con-j troversy. He told newsmen that disclosures during the televised Senate probe into the dispute of hitherto-unpublished transcripts of Army monitored phone conversations, between Senate Investigations subcommittee senators and Secretary of the Army Stevens, “blows up their whole case ” The calls spilled into the hearing record one after another yesterday, breaking a logjam over their release that had held them l S. DEPARTMENT OK COMMERCE WEATHER RE RKVI ABILENE VNP VICINITY - Partly cloudy S.uortUy aftertHv;.. msht. and Sun day l’u'Mbl«' «ho«« er* tat* Saturday susM and Sunday Ht*h Saturday afternoon 9D-9.V l ow Saturday night 79 Mich Sunday ahoot to WIST TEXAS - Partly cloudy with widely », atieied thundristorms Ou» aft*! noon and ioni*fu and at <•**! portion of Panhandle and South Plain* and ***t of Peoos Valley Sunday No important t*m perature chan*»« TEMPER ATI RES Fn PM.    Sit.    AM. •4      IN      ...    » R5 .....  2    JO      « «        J    a*      7* MS ............ 4    •»       S* «7      3    »    - ....------- «* sty  _____...    s    »       to T| ......  I    30       74 7*       9    30       7? 7«    10;    30       — 73    .......    IE*»      — 72    12    30    — H,«h and low tempriattira* for J4 honra ended at # 30 a m 0? and SO High and tow tM»prratwr*»    d»t« last year; 95 and TO Barometer read in* at *;» a.m. »01. Relative humtdtty at » » a m 4« par coot. t ;