Saturday, May 29, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 29, 1954, Abilene, Texas MILD Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, NO. 345 Aaociated Pntf (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY PAGES PRICE DAILY 5C, SUNDAY IOC SOUJHWEST CONFERENCE Resolution to Ask Methodist Schools To End Segregation SAN ANTONIO resolution asking for the end of segregation in all hospitals, colleges and university was to be placed before the Southwest Texas Con- ference of the Methodist Church today. The Rev. Sher.vood Davis of San Antonio was to introduce the reso- lution. The Rev. Stanley Hanvood of Shiner will be honored as the "The Preacher of the Year." A number of other ministers are due to be cited for outstanding service. The conference will end Sunday with the reading of appointments for ministers in the conference. j The resolution on segregation says it "calls upon all of our people j to abide by both the letter and the I spirit of the recent decisions of the Supreme Court concerning segre- gation." "We recognize that it is in the best intrest of the nation to grant full citizenship to all segments of j our society. We believe the teach- ings of Jesus would have us es- tablish relationships with one an-' other upon basis of character, achievement and inherent worth and not upon the basis of some physical the reso- lution continues. "We are aware that many ad- justments in our emotions, activ- ities and habits will haye to be made before we can live together on this basis without tensions. We bell.r.-e these changes can be made best Under the leadership of men and women who seek the fellow- ship and know the spirit of the Lord Jesus." Segregation Issue Raised In North Carolina Primary RALEIGH, N. C. ui North Carolinians' voted today in Demo- cratic primaries in which the segregation issue, pointed up by the Supreme Court's decision ban- ning separation of white and Negro pupils in public schools, played a vital role in the final week of the senatorial race. Actually, Sen. Alton A. Lennon and former Gov. W. Kerr Scott, probably the strongest of his six opponents, stood shoulder to shoul- der in calling for the maintenance of segregated public schools. However, in the final hours of campaigning thousands of leaflets, reprints of a newspaper advertise- ment which warmly praised Scott as a friend of the Negro, flooded the state's eastern rural areas. The unsigned leaflets, 'admitted- ly-distributed by Lennon forces, followed by a few hours the ap- pearance of the ad. Mayor Marshall Kurfees of Win- star --Salem, the state's" second largest city, admitted placing the ad which drew charges of "false- hood" from the Scott camp. Kur- fees was an active "Lennon sup- Coalition Leads In Australian General Vote SYDNEY, Australia UI The Liberal-C o u n t r y party coalition government headed by Prime Min- ister Robert G. Menzies appeared tonight to have won today's gen- eral election by a narrow margin. With well over half the votes counted, the government, which fa- vors free enterprise, appeared like- ly to win 58 seats against 55 for the Socialist Labor party. Eight other seats in the 121-member House were in doubt. These doubt- ful seats included two now held by Labor. The Menzies coalition has gov- erned Australia since it upset La- bor in 1949. At the halfway point in the count, the popular vote was Labor Government parties Com- munists and others Seven government seats appeared in danger at this point, and Labor needed to win only eight to take control of Parliament. porter. Kurfees said he had per- suaded a Negro leader to sign the ad. Scott's lieutenants called for in- vestigations by federal and state officials for possible violations of statutes against distributing un- signed campaign literature. Lennon, a 47-year-old lawyer, and former state senator, was vir- tually unknown politically when Gov. William E. Umstead named him last July 10 to fill the un- ejcpired term of the late Sen. Willis Smith. Scott served as governor from 1949 to GREETING A Genevieve de Galard Ter- ratibe, French army nurse heroine of fallen Dien Bien Phu in Indochina, is greeted by General Rene Cogny as she arrived at Luang Prabang enroute to Hanoi. The only woman in the besieged fortress, she aided the wounded for 42 days until the garrison fell, and continued working with .the prisoners for 13 additional days, after the Viet- minh overran the area. (AP Wirephoto via radio from Paris) Navy Probe On Explosion Opens QUONSET -POINT, Naval court of inquiry today open- ed hearings into last Wednesday's death-dealing explosion aboard the aircraft carrier Bennington as doc- tors fought to save the lives of about 30 blast victims still on the critical list. The number of deaths in the ex- plosion rose to 99 last night and Navy doctors looked to the next 48 hours as the crisis period for the 30 bandaged-swatched seamen fighting for life at the Naval Hos- pital in nearby Newport. Subject of the inquiry court in- vestigation is the cause of the be- low-decks blast that shattered the serenity of a routine coastal cruise in the post-dawn hoars about 75 miles south of Quonset Point Naval Air station. Capt. John L. Enyart, command- er of the Newport Hospital, said the critically injured are just now entering what he termed a de- hydration stage which will decide whether many of them live or die. Results of NY Central Vote Counts Will Take 3-4 Days ALBANY, NX mam- moth task of counting proxies and ballots in the fight for control of the New York Central Railroad is likely" to go beyond next Tuesdajvthe head of the election inspectors said Friday. Hanna of Columbia senior .member of thfe election in- told newsmen, just getting organized" and "there is ,a vast number of papers." The big stockholders' meeting Wednesday was r e ee s s e d until noon Tuesday for the first report on the vote tabulation by the in- spectors, and doubt has prevailed as to how soon the inspectors could announce results of Robert H. Young's war to unseat the railroad's management directors, headed by Central President Wil- liam White. Hanna told newsmen there would be "no decision today" on argu- ments yesterday as to whether to bar the long-contested block of shares owned and voted by Texas.millionaire friends.of Young. Bird Breaks Window hen Mrs. WINDSOR, Ont. Iffl-A pheasant crashed through Raymond Fare's kitchen window. She later told a Windsor Star photographer she planned to eat the bird. With that, the pheasant squawked, flapped its wings and flew out the window, breaking an- other pane of glass. Jury Finds 5 Reds Guilty Of Seeking U.S. Overthrow ST. LOUIS Bl Five Commu- nists were convicted by a U. S. District Court jury here yesterday of conspiring to advocate forcible overthrow of the government. A jury of 11 men and one woman returned the verdict after deliber- ating two hours 15 minutes. f Judge Roy W. Harper told the jury: "Your verdict is a just one." Said James F. Forest, one> of the five: "A travesty on Sentencing was deferred until next Friday. Each faces a ppssible maximum sentence of five years in prison and a fine. The convicted: Forest, 44, Missouri state chair- man of the Communist party. His wife, Dorothy Rose Forest, 39, former organizational secre- tary of the party's Hollywood, Calif., section. William Sentner, 47, a Midwest district official of the United Elec- trical, Radio and Machine Work- ers, and long an active Commu- nist. Robert Manewitz, 37, former HOUSING, FARM TROUBLES SEEN No Compromise Yet in Big White House, McCarthy Bottle By FRANK CORMIER WASHINGTON President Eisenhower's legislative program this week ran into more difficulties in Congress. A move to kill public housing sprang up unexpectedly and there was talk of com- promising the farm plan. But on one big rela- "tions of Sen. 'Joseph R. McCarthy and the executive was no compromise. The White House 3'cslerday issued its most direct rebuke so far to the Wiscon- sin Republican. And, in turn, Mc- Carthy didn't back down an inch. Leaping the hurdles in congres- sional committees were the Presi- dent's housing and social security proposals. Neither emerged intact, though the committees generally followed Eisenhower's recommen- dations. The housing bill': public housing provisions seemed sure to provoke a bitter civil rights fight on the Senate floor next week. The House'debates social security ex- pansion Tuesday. As for the farm plan, Chairman Clifford Hope (R-Kan) and three members of the House Agriculture Committee emerged from a 90- minute breakfast conference with Eisenhower Wednesday talking of compromise. Any compromise likely, would modify the President's proposal of a switch from rigid to flexible price supports for six basic commodities. Senate GOP Leader William F. Knowland of California voiced con- fidence Congress Will approve enough of the Eisenhower program to present an attractive record to the voters in November. And Knowland blamed the democrats for most of the program's setbacks the failure of efforts to revise the Taft-Hartlcy Labor Re- lations Act and to give the 18-year- olds the vote. Another Eisenhower A broad plan to encourage expanded foreign has been put off until next year. The President agreed to this in the face of strong opposition from high tariff advo- cates, many of them; in his own educational director of the party here, .now a resident of Los An- geles. Marcus A. Murphy, .46, Negro, who ran for lieutenant governor of Missouri on the Communist ticket in 1940. The five laughed and joked among themselves while waiting for the verdict. They will remain free under bond until they are sen- tenced. Sentner is at liberty under bail and the others under bonds of S10.000 each. The trial began Jan. -25, and, with frequent recesses, required 46 days of testimony, a record for federal district court here. Judge Harper, who will pro- nounce sentence, said in dismiss- ing the jury: "You can remember to your dying days the fact that you were able to sit and. pass judgment and that.your, verdict is a just one, and among your fellow Americans that will 'be the 'pay day' that is yours. I congratulate you." The jury had been instructed by Judge Harper that the Communist defendants had the right to pub-, licly express their views but that the charge, under the Smith Act, was that they engaged in a con- spiracy to teach-sod advocate the overthrow of the government by force and violence. Eclipsing other developments in the McCarthy- Army hearings was a great consti- tutional clash between McCarthy] and the administration. It was pre- cipitated by McCarthy's invitation Thursday to the two million federal workers in the executive branch to channel to him secret information'! about "graft, corruption, Commu- nists, of any The White House replied yester- day with a statement bearing the name of Alty. Gen. Herbert Brown- ell and approved by President Ei- senhower. The executive branch, it sole responsibility to en' force the responsibility that "can't be usurped by any in- dividual who may seek to set him- self above the laws of oiir land or to override orders of the President of the United States to> federal em- ployes McCarthy quickly countered that government employes are "in duty bound to give me information even though some bureaucrat may have stamped it'secret.'" And there: the matter for now. French Troops Reach YenPhu HANOI, Indochina WI Five thousand French troops smashed Lyndon Sees New i Cold War Danger POPE PI USX Thousands Throng to Rome To See Canonization Rites By FRANK BHUTTO VATICAN CITY IB-Thousands of Catholic faithful, including high that they choose another man. He protested he was not worthy of the high office. church prelates and pilgrims from I The conclave insisted, however, many countries, thronged St. and on August 4 he accepted with bowed head the burden he had described as "too heavy.' A man who had deliberately sub- jected himselMo poverty, he con- austere way of life. He cut display and pomp Vatican court. His relatives remained in the humble positions they had when he was a priest. A brother continued to carry mail. During his 11-year reign, Pius X tightened the church's central gov- ernment, reaffirmed Catholic doc- trine and fought modernistic trends. Pius X, saddened by the out- break of World War I, died Aug. the day the German army occupied Brussels. Peter's Square today for ceremon- ies elevating Pope Pius X to saint- hood. Pope Pius XII was to preside over the historic the first in 242 years. Reserved places were set aside for hundreds of archbishops and bishops and 500 cardinals as well as various diplomatic envoys to the Vatican and special missions from around the world. A crowd of possibly half a million was ex- pected to jam the great square. The solemn rites called for Pope Pius XII to be borne on a port- able throne through the square and to proclaim Giuseppe saint as a picture of him is unfurled from the central loggia of St. Peter's basilica. Pius X is the 77th of 260 Popes to be made a saint. None of the others was canonized. in the square. By Radio, TV For the first time the ceremon- ies bestowing the church's highest honor were to be carried to mil- lions by means of radio and tele- vision. The Vatican Radio and many European networks ar- ranged direct broadcasts, and the Italian television system set up its cameras for direct transmissions Later the ceremonies were to be carried -on Canadian and .-Ameri- can television and ra'dio networks. Plus X was known during his life- time as "Papa Mint Pope. The ceremonies today, only 40 years after his death, make him that in fact. The Roman Catholic pontiff, Giuseppe Sarto, was born in the little northern Italian town of Riese June 2, 1835. His parents were poor, but aid by his bishop enabled him to attend a seminary and become a priest. He was noted for extreme hu- mility and charity from his earli- est years. Return Ticket? In 1903, when he was archbishop of Venice, he was called to a papal conclave in Rome. He assured his followers he would return quickly, and 'some accounts say he bought a roundtrip borrowing 300 lire to pay for it. But Cardinal Sarto never re- turned to Venice. None was more surprised than he when the con- clave elected him the 238th pope in the long history of the Catholic church. On the momentous day when the conclave appeared intent upon el- evating him, Giuseppe Sarto urged Anderson Urges Patience in U.S. DALLAS Anderson, deputy secretary defense, urged today .American "patience and un- derstanding" in leading the free world toward "the ultimate goal of freedom for 'all men." Anderson spoke- at the annual Texas award luncheon. "A collective effort by all peo- ples and nations seeking freedom is a necessary ingredient to suc- he said. "We must see our own responsi- bilities for leading the free world community, in patience and under- standing, toward the ultimate goal lot freedom for all men, every- where." Anderson said Americans "must see clearly that we are part and parcel of the free world, that' our fortunes are bound up in it, and that the frontier of freedom is common to us all." Senator Requests Arms Embargo Pact SAN ANTONIO Ifr-Declaring a "new and dangerous stage of the cold war has been Sen. Lyndon Johnson called last night for a firm, binding commitment between American countries to em- bargo Communist arms shipments to the Western Hemisphere. The recent shipment of arms by the Communists to Guatemala pre- sents a serious threat to the secur- ity of the Western Hempisphere, the senior senator from Texas told San Antonio Junior Chamber of Commerce. The speech here was his second major address yesterday. Earlier at dedication ceremonies at the Belton Dam, he urged a statewide water conservation program on a "pay as we go" basis. "There is little doubt that the Iron Curtain is pushing out to en- close a Western Hemisphere na- Johnson told the San Antonio audience. "It is like the bubonic must be stamped out before it spreads." Johnson said that the United Delegates Cancel Indochina Meeting By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA Hl-A scheduled meet- ing 'of Indochina experts was can- celed today after the nine partici- pating delegations decided they had run into problems which could be decided only by the lop dele- ;Cr; The committee of experts met yesterday to try to disentangle the various conflicting and overlapping proposals now before the Indo- china conference on cease-fire measures. The conference itself was sched- uled to hold another restricted ses- sion at 9 a.m. EST. There 'will be no further meetings of the experts unless the full conference directs them to take up some specific problem. Russia's Deputy Foreign Minis- ter Andrei Y. Gromyko snarled up yesterday's initial meeting of ex- perts who are seeking to find out how much common ground there was inr the Communist and non- Communist proposals. Gromyko tossed in new demands aimed at forcing -the conference to sanction Communist claims in Laos and Cambodia, the smaller of the three Associated Indochinese The West has insisted the Com- munist-led Vietminh be allowed after the cease-fire to hold terri- tory only in Viet Nam and that Red forces be evacuated entirely from the kingdoms of Laos and Cambodia. Should the Communists persist in demands for "assembly zones" in all three states, observers pre- dict the conference might Founder next week. That is the period that both France's Foreign Minister Georges Bidault and Britain's For- eign Secretary Anthony Eden have predicted would be decisive. Gromyko said yesterday Russia would accept this vided it was changed to leave a clear implication that the officers would draw cease-fire lines for all three Assocated Gromyko also suggested that the officers meet in Indochina rather than Geneva The West has as- sumed there was agreement as" the, site" 61 ttn military discussions. A representative of the French high command is already en route here from Saigon to take part in the talks. Gromyko also made it clear at yesterday's meeting that Russia would oppose, any serious discus1' slon of international supervision of a cease-fire until after the con- ference had agreed on location of assembly zones. States has many friends to the south and that by working together Jiey can isolate Communism in the Western Hemisphere. He predicted that there will soon be a confer- ence of American countries. "The question of economic sanc- tions against Guatemala will be raised. I think that we should go further than economic sanctions. believe that we should seek a firm, binding commitment that would embargo all Communist arms shipments to the Western the senator said. jualemalaRed Loses Position GUATEMALA (A Jose Manuel Fortuny, head of Guatemala's Com- munist party and close adviser to President Jacobo Arbenz was re-: lieved of his post, party head- quarters announced today. The announcement said Fortuny was relieved as secretary general because of his health. But observ- ers speculated it might indicate a split inside the party or that Arbenz was forced to remove him to remove the stigma of commu- nism from the government. secretary general, was rated as top man in the nation's Communist party. He was also a member'of the important national' Democratic front which some observers believe helps shape government policy. THE WEATHER MCINITY: Partly; cloudy and mild today and tomorrow. High temp- erature today 80. low tonight 65, high Sunday'13. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly ctQUdy through Sunday. Cooler southeast tonlrht." WEST TEXAS: Generally fair through tonight. -Sunday partly cloudy. No im- portant changes. EAST TEXAS: .Partly cloudy through Sunday. Widely'scattered thnndershowers extreme east' central and extreme north this afternoon: Moderate mostly aoutn winds on-the coast. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Partly cloudy through Sunday. Not much change in temperature. Moderate to fresh .south- easterly winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES III. P. M. Sal. A. M, 78 63 .............63 61 50 60 80 59 79 60 74 64 72 67 69 71 65 65 High and low temperatures for 24 hours ended at a. m.: 87 and 59. High and low temperatures same 'date last year: 93 and 67. Sunset last night p. m. Sunrise today a. IB. Sunset tonight m. Barometer readiof at a. m.: 28.05 Relative humidity at a. m.; 74 Former C-City Woman Dies On Son's Graduation Day today and the rebel besiegers ran for the hills. The French command said the relief force, under heavy air cov- er and using tanks and armored units, hammered through with re; inforcements and supplies for the tiny post 30 miles south of Hanoi. Under fee for 18 days, it had been manned by only one company of 160 men. The French described the relief operation "the biggest offensive move" they had made since Dien Bien Phu fell May 7. Unl'l the French offensive move, the Vietminh had been having easy time creeping closer to Yen Phu. Former Amarillo Girl Found Dead DETROIT girl identified as Shirley Lumpkins, formerly of Amarillo, was found shot to death in her apartment here yesterday. Her roommate, Dr. Marion Chown, 33, told police she found Miss Lumpkins on the bathroom ilobr with a bullet wound in her head and that'a rifle belonging to the Texas .girl was by her, side. Dr. Chown Mid Miss. Lumpkins bad tarn despondent .since she had fulled at a medical college in IM1. COLORADO CITY, May 29 (RNS) Mrs. Mary Grubbs Lam- beth, 67, died in Childress Friday, the day her son was to receive his master's degree from Baylor University, Waco. A former resident of Colorado City, Mrs. Lambeth was prepar- ing for the trip Friday afternoon when she suffered a stroke. She died in a Childress hospital at p. m. the hour she was sched- uled to leave for Waco. Funeral will be held at 4 p. m. Sunday in the Kiker and Son Chap- el here. The Rev. Jack Strick- land, pastor of the Austin St. Bap- tist Church, is to officiate. Burial will be in Colorado City Cemetery. Born Jan. 20, 1887, in Paris, she was married to Oscie Lambeth in 1916 in Colorado City. The couple lived here for many years. Mr. Lambeth died March 30 in.Chil- dress. Survivors are two sons, Harold of Colorado City and Oscie of Bay- lor University; two daughters, Mrs. E. J. Travis of Antonio and Mrs. 1. E. of Hamil- ton, Ohio; three sisters, Mrs. J. F. Walters and.Mrs. R. B. Sander- son of Altus, Okla., and Mrs. J. E. McCleary of Houston, and six grandchildren. Funeral Today For Harry Hines 's DALLAS W-Services for Harry Hines, 68, former chairman of the Highway Commission, were set for 4 p.m. here today. in failing health for sev- 'eral .months, died yesterday. Hines lived in Wichita Falls for 20 years before moving to Dallas 20 years ago. a director of the Mid-Continent Oil t Gas Assn., and the West Central Gas k Oil. He had been active in the Christian Church and had written several books on religion and the- ology. Survivors include his widow and a daughter, Hilburn, both at Dallii. His' party leader after Another said Defense Angil Sanchez has decided not to visit the United States as planned, until the" situation eases. The move came as tension gripped the country in the wake of U. S. State Department; accusa- tions that Guatemala has received arms from behind the Iron Cur- :ain and reports Irom Washington that the United States was think-" ing of recalling its air .and milt- ;ary missions to Guatemala. In Washington. Sen. Smathers (D-FIa) said last night the ment of Red arms to Guatema was "Russian intervention in Latin America and emphasizes the chal- lenge this nation has no choice but to "We face the ugly-and infuriat- ing fact that we now find Russian intervention in this hemisphere on an alarming scale, in violation of the Monroe Smathers declared. Last night the government is- sued two emergency regulations as a result of its crisis with the United States. They require that: l.'All private planes be ground- ed under an order banning cross country flights. 2. Any passages written in-code or in a language other than Span- ish must be accompanied by a Spanish. translation filed at the cable office. This meant all press messages in English must have a Spanish translation attached for study "by a government agent. Dallas Schools Will Keep Right to Spank DALLAS W. T. White said yesterday Dallas schools will not abolish corporal punishment, despite a complaint that a grade school principal struck a fifth- grader, with a ruhber hose. Mr. and Mrs. Herman Wyatt made the complaint after the prin- cipal disciplined their son Tommy by hitting him nine times with' a hose from a syringe. The was sent to the principal for pulling a chair from under another student. "State law permits corporal pun- ishment by teachers, but we re- strict it to school White said. "We have no intention to abolish it when it is apparent that no other restraint will curb the child's misconduct." Bromfield Farm Dispute kitted .WICHITA FALLS out of court settlement in their dispute over the Malabar Farm near'here was announced yesterday by Louis Bromfield and the Wichita Falls Chamber of Comoerct.