Abilene Reporter News, May 28, 1954 : Front Page

Publication: Abilene Reporter News May 28, 1954

Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas í- 7-/- 3 ft CLOUDY, COOLER Œije Abilene Reporter -Betos i/ EVENING FINAL'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXXIII, NO. 344 Associated PressABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 28, 1954—SIXXTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Navy Ship Death Toll Touches 97 QUONSET POINT, R.I. (fl—The death toll mounted today in the explosion disaster of the aircraft carrier Bennington as additional critically burned seamen succumb ed at Newport Naval Hospital. The number of dead stood at 97 this morning. Nearly 40 are still in critical condition. Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Robert B. Carney surveyed the battered carrier yesterday and said he found “freakish and unique” effects of the explosions and fire. He donned overalls and spent an hour checking the blackened compartments of the 32,000-ton vessel, which was hit by unexplained blasts early Wednesday. He said he saw “fabrics and structural objects near one another, some showing (effects of) heat and others no heat at all.” In other places, he said, there was evidence of “tremendous pressures and other signs of complete vacuums.” He said the explosions were “the worst I have seen in all my naval service.” He declined to speculate on the cause, explaining that a host of technical experts from the Bureaq of Ships is combing the ship for clues. The Navy court of inquiry announced it will open its investigation tomorrow. Two of the 201 injured men died at Newport Naval Hospital yesterday. Nearly 100 injured are hospitalized—about 40 of them in critical condition. Many of these will require plastic ~urgery more than a year from now because of severe burns. Ike's Staff Disputes t Joe's Probe Policies Cohn Says Army Versions Wrong Oil BULLETIN WASHINGTON (/P)—A subpoena was served Sen. McCarthy today by the Senate committee investigating his controversy with the Army. McCarthy said it “appeared on the face” to call for all records but that apparently all that was wanted was material produced by Pvt. David Schine. WASHINGTON (/P)—Roy M. Cohn today disputed Army versions of his efforts to get an officer’s commission for his wealthy friend, G. David Schine, and of his anger when barred from secret radar laboratories at Ft. Monmouth N. J. RESCUED IN VAIN—A fireman struggles down a ladder with one of the two Puerto Ricans who died at Dunkirk, N. V., Thursday as result of a fire that swept through the interior of a two-story frame apartment building. The victim was declared dead of suffocation a few moments later. Nine others were burned or injured. ON CARRIER Santa Anna Sailor Safe SANTA ANNA, May 28.—Anoth-m Wait Texan, Jack Allen DeRusha, 23, of Santa Anna, has called home to say he is “safe and sound” after the USS Bennington disaster. DeRusha tried to call his parents, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. DeRusha, here Thursday to reassure them. However, their phone was out of order and he gave his message to a neighbor. A maintenance crewman, Seaman 3-c DeRusha has been in the Navy for almost three years. He is a former employe of El Paso Natural Gas Co. at El Paso. His uncle. D. R. DeRusha of Abilene. said that he is a member of the crew which gives final inspection to carrier - based planes before take-off. He thought, therefore, that his nephew was probably above decks when the explosion occurred. Most ot the carrier’s planes had taken oft just before on an early training flight. Sivley Awarded Band Room Pact General construction contract on [ cause of shortage of junior band rooms for both junior high \ space. high schools was awarded Friday iporn* ing to W. Rufus Sivley, Abilene, The City Commission gave him the contract on his bid of $88,370, It was the lowest offer made. Five bidders submitted prices. Lucian Webb Plumbing and Heating Co. received the plumbing and heating contract on the two rooms. That bid was $12,815, the lowest submitted. Five firms competed. DuBose Electric. Abilene, got the electrical contract, at $4,520, the lowest of seven bids. The rooms are to be completed in time for school opening this Sep-tembef. A. E. Wells, superintendent of public schools, announced that their completion will reduce by 600 the original estimate of pupils who must attend on half-day sessions next fall. A citizens’ committee had predicted that 1,000 students would be forced on half-day attendance by crowded classrooms. Wells said each junior high school can take 150 additional students thanks to the band rooms. He was referring to those seventh graders who have been retained in elementary school buildings be- SUNDAY'S HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS David S. Castle Co., Abilene, has the architectural and engineering contract on the band rooms. R. A. McCollum received a Five-year grazing lease on 434 acres of city sewer farm land. Tlis bid. $3,-052.76 per year, was the larger of the two submitted. The four members of the City Censor Board whose terms expire this June 15 were re-appointed. They are R. J. Tiffany. Mrs. J. L. McDavid, J. D. Miracle and Julia Luker. There are several holdover members. First reading of a new trailer coach park ordinance was voted unanimously. Public hearing and final vote will be held June 11. Next regular meeting of the commission was set for Thursday, June 3. instead of the original date of June 4. This is to enable the members to attend a June 4 regional meeting of the League of Texas Municipalities, in Big Spring. A letter was received from Drury High School, North Adams. Mass., thanking Abilene citizens for their hospitality to a group of that school's pupils who recently visited Abilene High. The visit was part of an exchange program. Final action was voted to rezone from Zone B to Zone E the south 75 feet of the west 140 feet of Lot 2, Block 202, Sunday’s Reporter-News will bring its readers exclusive stories on just a little bit of everything, including a story about peace officers in a duel with rattlesnakes and the first of a series on Army life. There’ll be top editorials, exclusive stories about women and what they are doing, oil and farm news. For. sports, there will be the NAIA championship stories on track, golf and tennis. You can reserve extra copies of the Sunday Reporter-News with your agent or newsstand, for 10 cents. BULLETIN WASHINGTON IP — Seven corporations controlled by Greek ship owner Stavros Niar* chos pleaded guilty today to conspiring to defraud the United States government by illegally obtaining surplus American ships after the war. They were fined $110,000, which was paid at once in cash. And he declared flarly that Sen, McCarthy never in his presence requested a commission for Schine —thus taking issue with Secretary of the Army Stevens. Stevens had testified his recollection was that McCarthy did make such a request at a breakfast Sept. 16, in the New York apartment of Schine’s parents. Cohn Was Mad As to the Monmouth incident, Cohn acknowledged he was angry, and said he didn’t recall all he said, but he insisted he had not in fact “declared war” on the Army. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel of the Senate Investigations subcommittee, cross-examined Cohn at some length about the incident last Oct. 20, when Secretary Stevens j refused to clear Cohn for admis-1 sion to the laboratory. “And you declared war on the { Army, didn't you?” asked Jenkins. “No, sir,” Cohn replied. Col. Kenneth BeLieu aide to Stevens, testified earlier in the week at the subcommittee’s hearings into the McCarthy-Army row that Cohn “blew his top” and declared: “This is it, this is war with the Army.” The officer also quoted Cohn as saying: “We’ll investigate the heck out of you.” Cohn said he would not dispute BeLieu’s testimony that he was angry. He testified that he thought the colonel was correct in some of the words he attributed to him and incorrect about others. Jenkins referred to the officer’s testimony that Cohn had said “this is war with the army.” “I have no recollection of those words,” Cohn replied. “You don’t deny it?” asked Jenkins. Cohn replied that he came “pretty close” to denying it. He said he had since talked to Harold Rainville, an aide of Sen. Dirksen (R-Ill), and Robert Jones, a former aide of Sen. Potter (R-Mich>, and they told him they did not recall his saying that. In his story of the Ft. Monmouth incident, Cohn did deny flatly that he had, as BeLieu testified, said, “I have access to FBI files when I want them.” Cohn said “the whole day fat Monmouth* w~s filled with a lot ot ridiculous things.” One of these things, Cohn said, occurred when a “chicken colonel” (a full colonel in Army slang) jumped up at lunch and told Secretary Stevens to keep quiet about something he was discussing with McCarthy because it involved a security matter. Little Black Book Cohn said Stevens took out a little black book” and wrote down the colonel's name, remarking he would “not be in the vicinity for a very long time.” Cohn disputed specifically testimony from Maj. Gen. Miles Reber who had said he never had been put under “greater pressure” than was exerted on behalf of Schine. Letter Blasts Law Disregards WASHINGTON (/P)—The Eisenhower administration today directly disputed the declaration by Sen. McCarthy that it is the duty of federal workers to report to Congress what they know of communism, treason or other crimes. In a statement issued at the White House, Atty. Gen. Brownell said the Constitution gives the executive branch | of the government the “sole and fundamental’’ responsibility for enforcement of laws and Presidential orders, including those to protect the nation’s security. “That responsibility,” Brownell j    "    * ACCUSED — The government of Guatemala’s President Jacobo Arbenz has been the target of U. S. State Department charges that it cleared the way» for full co-operation with the Communists. An arms shipment from Red Poland to Guatemala has created inter-American political tension. French Will (all 80,000 Troops for Indo Combai PARIS i/PV—Premier Joseph Laniers cabinet decided today to call up 80,000 troops of this year’s draft class four months ahead of time so as to free other soldiers for combat in Indochina, a cabinet spokesman announced. The 80.000 trooDs, forming the second and final group of the 1954 military conscription class, are expected to be on duty within 15 days, the spokesman said. All are men aged 20. The cabinet acted on the recommendation of the National Defense Committee, which has been holding highly important day and night meetings since Gen. Paul Ely, chief of staff of the French forces, returned with a special report on the deteriorating French position in Indochina since the fall of Dien Bien Phu. There was no suggestion, however, that plans were in the wind to send draftees to Indochina. That would be an explosive change in policy. Theater Man Dies BEAUMONT, Tex., May 28 (jPu-The vice president and general manager of Jefferson Amusement Co., S. L. Oakley, 49, died this morning. He was also general manager of East Texas Theaters. Dust Cloud Heads Toward Abilene A front which pushed toward Abilene Friday morning might bring dust to this area by afternoon, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport said. The dust was expected from the South Plains. Lubbock had 4 miles visibility at 10 a.m. Friday, the weatherman said. The front passed Snyder about 9:30 a.m. Visibility in Abilene was not expected to be below 10 miles. The front might cause a little cloudiness here, but no moisture was forecast, the weatherman said. Cooler temperatures were predicted for Friday night and Saturday. The only men who actually will be sent to Indochina to fight the Communist-led Vietminh will be professional soldiers. A French law of 1950 prevents sending draftees to fight outside France. The hurriedly called up remnants of the 1954 class will be stationed in France or quiet areas in North Africa to replace professional soldiers sent to Indochina. The cabinet spokesman did not give any indication that the cabinet bad discussed changing the 1950 law. The question of using others than volunteers has been pushed into the background. It is political dynamite. It may have to be brought up for discussion, however, if the United States takes a bigger hand in Indochina. While both the United States and Britain sent draftees to Korea, France does not send them into foreign fighting in what is technically peacetime. It is forbidden by the 1950 law w-hich made the conscription period 18 months instead of 12. Until the defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the problem was not considered too critical. Enough volunteers could be recruited, at special rates of pay, to supply the forces France considered necessary to fight in Indochina. Now that is changed and manpower is needed. War weary, discouraged, France wants peace most of all. If she can’t get a negotiated pact at the Geneva conference, she insists she must have help if she is to go on fighting. A Cabinet member said recently: “France is not going to go on alone. If she doesn’t get help, then she must find a way to lay down her arms honorably in Indochina.” said, “can’t be usurped by any individual who may seek to set himself above the laws of our land or to override orders of the President of the United States to federal employes of the executive branch of the government.” Refers to Joe Press Secretary James C. liberty read the statement to reporters at the White House. The statement itself did not mention McCarthy but Hagerty said it referred to McCarthy's remarks at the Army-McCarthy hearings yesterday when McCarthy said: “As far as I'm concerned, I would like to notify those 2 million federal employes that I feel it is their duty to give us any information which they have about graft, corruption, Communists, treason, and that there is no loyalty to a superior which can tower above and beyond their loyalty to their country.” Hagerty said he had received queries from newspapers to comment on McCarthy’s remarks. “I talked this morning with the President and the Attorney Genet al,” Hagerty said, “and at the direction of the Attorney General I should like now to issue the following statement in his name with the approval of the President.” Hagerty then dictated the following from notes: “The obligations and duties of the executive, judicial and legislative branches of our government are defined by the Constitution. Solid Words “The executive branch of the government has the sole and fundamental responsibility under the Constitution for the enforcement of our laws and presidential orders. They include those to protect the security of our nation which were carefully drawn for this purpose. “That responsibility can't be usurped by any individual who may seek to set himself above the laws oi our land or to override orders of the President of the United States to federal employes of the executive branch of the government.” Slate Rests In Eagle Club Slaying Trial White Parents Oppose Mixing By JOHN DANILSON WHITE FOLKS in Abilene will go along peacefully with the U. S. Supreme Court on the Negro question, but not all agree with the court. “The court decides what is law,” a father said. “What else can we do?” He was one of 18 parents who participated Thursday in a white poll which indicated that tfoe majority do not like the prospect of throwing open white schools to Negroes. The segregation question in Abilene currently is so hot it can cause rifts in homes. Whites are careful whom they discuss it with. Some don’t want their names linked to the issue publicly, fearing it will hurt their businesses. One mother, apparently unaware of all implications of the issue, asserted, “I’m opposed to letting Negroes enter white schools." say, “I've just had an argument with my child over this. Leave my name out of the article.” A father said tartly, “This isn’t a matter to discus;; on the telephone.” Thursday’s white poll followed the recent ruling by the nation’s highest tribunal that segregation is unconstitutional. Each of 18 white homes was asked: Do you favor admitting Negroes to white schools? Thirteen parents favored segregation. Four opposed it. One refused to discuss the issue on the phone. Those polled had nothing against Negroes as individuals, they said. The most outspoken foes of integration contacted favored helping fellow Abilenians, including those who happen to have dark skins. This would be done, they said, by continuing publicly - supported Negro educational facilities. HER CHILD overheard her, While she talked on the telephone. She hurriedly telephoned back to A PROMINENT Abilene businessman said, “I’ve never mistreated a Negro in my life, but my per sonal conviction is they’d be better off segregated. Why aggravate the problem with non-segregation?” The businessman said he hires Negroes to work at his firm and does business with both Negroes and whites. Fearing a public stand on the segregation issue might harm his firm, he asked to remain anonymous. Mrs. C. V. Scott, 1378 Pecan St.,f said, “I do object, but the Lord and the law made no distinction. My children can go to school and get along with Negroes and be tolerant the same as if the Negroes were not there.” Mrs. Scott attended school with Negroes in Kansas City, Mo., she said. “IT DIDN'T work out the first couple of days, because I was from Texas,” she recalled. “It worked out later, though.” Mrs. Scott has a daughter who will be in the sixth grade here next fall. Her son will be in his sophomore year at the University of Houston. Another son, now in the armed forces, has frequent contact with Negroes, she said. “I durned sure don’t like the idea,” opined W. D. Berry, whose daughter is completing her junior year at Abilene High School. Berry, 1125 Park Ave., has another daughter who is the seventh grade at North Junior High School. He has lived in Abilene since 1940. “I’ve believed the same about this ever since I was a kid,” said Berry, roughneck for a drilling firm. "I don’t expect to change my mind about segregation, but I favor equal facilities for Negroes.” Abilene public schools currently are open to Latin-American children, but Negro facilities are separate, A. E. Wells, city superintendent of schools said, “I’d just as soon my child would sit with Negroes as with Mexicans,” said Mrs. E. K. Beckham, mother of a daughter graduating from AHS. “I favor the Supreme Court’s ruling, but I might feel differently if my girl wasn’t getting out.” Mrs. J. W. Bass, wife of a soap manufacturer, said. “I believe Negroes should be admitted to all public schools. It should have been done a long time ago.” A resident of Abilene for 19 years, Mrs. Bass is the mother of an AHS junior girl. Admittance of Negroes will create a problem, she predicted. THE WEATHER MRS. BASS added, “There has never been any decided change in any nation, but what the nation concerned faced problems. Making a change is a matter of getting people accustomed to new ideas.” Mrs. Clarence M. Hester, 1241 Oak St., has a son in the fourth grade at Locust School. She also has a pre-school son 5 years old. She favors separate schools for whites and Negroes. She acknowledged, “There’s a little Spanish boy in the room with my boy and he’s very nice.” “As long as we have equal facilities, I believe everyone will be See WHITES, Pg. 8-A, Col. 1-2 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy Friday and Saturday; cooler Friday night and Saturday; high Friday near 90. low Friday night near 60; high Saturday near 80, NORTH C ENTRAL TEXAS - Partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershower* and turning cooler in northwest thia afternoon and in east and south tonight Saturday, partly cloudy and cooler in east and •outh portions. WEST TEXAS — Clear to partlv cloudy, cooler in Panhandle and South Plains and upper Peco* Valley eastward through tonight. Widely scattered thundershowers in east part of South Plains this afternoon. Saturday, partly cloudy. No important temperature changes.    . EAST TEXAS — Partly ekmdy through tonight. Widely scattered thundershower* and cooler in extreme north tonight. Saturday, mostly cloudy with scattered thundershowers, cooler In north. Moderate southeast and south winds on the coast. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Partly cloudy through Saturday. Widely scattered thundershowers in extreme north portion Saturday. No important changes. Moderate to fresh southeast and south winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES The state put 10 witnesses on the stand Friday morning in the murder trial of Ellis Harold Rogers and then rested its side of the case immediately before the noon recess of 42nd District Court. Rogers, 30-year-old Negro owner of a drug store, is charged with murder in the death of Ernest Nixon, 29, another Negro man. Nixon died last April 11 about an hour after five bullets from a .32 caliber automatic pistol struck him. The shooting occurred in front of the Eagle’s Club at 622 Plum St. State witnesses testified Friday morning that the fray followed an exchange of words between the two men inside the Eagle’s Club where several men were playing cards. Offers 2 Mdh«n<^ When the state rested its case Defense Attorney Davis Scarborough offered first a motion for a mistrial and then a motion for a directed verdict of acquittal. Judge J. R. Black overruled both motions. Scarborough said he based his motion for mistrial on the fact that District Attorney Wiley Caffey attempted to question Charlie Nixon, step-father of the slain man, as to whether he knew that Ernest Nixon and Rogers had engaged in selling marijuana. Ground for the motion for a directed verdict was that “evidence given by the state’s witnesses showed that Nixon had provoked the dispute with Rogers.” Dist. Atty. Caffey took the stand as the second witness for the state. He read portions of a statement Rogers made to him while the district attorney was investigating the shooting. After Caffey left the See TRIAL, Page 7-A, Col. 4 CONTESTANTS REST Mrs. Gray's Doctor Contradicts Others Thurs. P.M. 87 Fri. A VI. 75 1:30 2:30 3:30 4:30 5:30 6:30 7:30 8:30 9:30 10:30 11:30 75     12:30 Sunset last night 7:35 p m. Sunrise today 5:34 a.m. Sunset tonight 7:39 p.m. Barometer reading at 12:22 p.m. 27.88 Relative humidity at 12:30 p.m. 54 per cent. Maximum temperature tor the 24 hours i ended at 6:30 a.m.: 91 90 90 91 90 87 80 76 77 77 74 73 •73 72 72 73 77 79 83 87 79 Special to The Reporter-News MONAHANS, May 28. — The El Paso radiologist who treated Mrs. Rebecca Estes Gray the 180 days she was hospitalized before her death flatly contradicted much of the earlier medical testimony wher. he took the stand Friday in a suit contesting her will. Dr. Robert Boverie testified as the “proponents,” the Methodist institutions which benefit from the will, began their rebuttal. The contestants—the    relatives who are seeking to break the will —rested their direct testimony this morning after two false starts at producing more witnesses. Rebuttal testimony is expected to continue into Saturday—sixth day of the trial. Arguments are expected next Monday. The medical dispute which has been raging during the trial is over the rare type cancer from which Mrs. Gray died, Medical witnesses for the contestants testified earlier that it is a slow-spreading type canéer which probably expanded the skull bones, creating pressure on her brain and thus causing her to have been of unsound mind. (Contestants are seeking to break the will on the grounds she was of unsound mind when she made the will in June, 1951, and under undue influence of representatives of the institutions which benefitted. She died in September, 1952.) Dr. Boverie, who said he visited with her some 50 or 60 times, most of the time during X-ray treat* j ments, said the cancer didn’t ex tw m 24 hour*1pand the bone, and that it ^reads rapidly. He said he had no reason to believe she was of unsound mind. John Watts, attorney for the contestants, made strong effort to shake the doctor’s testimony. Main hassle was over a telephone conversation the doctor had with Abner Lipscomb, another contestant attorney. The jury was sent from the room during the dispute. Judge G. C, Olsened ruled Watts could ask the questions. Watts contended the doctor had told Lipscomb he couldn’t give an opinion on Mrs. Gray’s sanity because he didn’t pay too much attention to her. Dr. Boverie said he didn't remember it that way at ail. He said he couldn’t recall the exact words, but that the spirit of his statement was that he could not help Lipscomb’s side. The proponants in their rebuttal presented several depositions this morning. Related were depositions by Richard S. Brocks and Homer Epley, both from the office of Attorney William Kerr. They told of helping Mrs. Gray with tax matters and of discussing her charities and gifts. They said she was alert, with a firm grasp of financial matters. Earl Best, Monahans rancher and former county commissioner, said in a deposition that he had had business discussions with Mi's. Gray and thought her of sound n.ind with full knowledge about her property. J. W. Brown, Monahans accountant. testified by deposition as to discussions with Mrs. Gray about her frequent ¿ifu to chanties. ;

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Publication: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Issue Date: May 28, 1954

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