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Abilene Reporter News: Friday, May 28, 1954 - Page 1

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   Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 28, 1954, Abilene, Texas                               CLOUDY, COOLER gfetlew Reporter- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXXIII, NO. 344 Aaodattd Prea (Af) ABILENE, TEXAS, FRIDAY EVENING, MAY 28, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY Sc, SUNDAY Me Navy Ship Death Toil Touches 97 QUONSET POINT, R.I. (ft-The death toll mounted today in the explosion disaster of the aircraft carrier Bennington as additional critically burned seamen succumb- ed at Newport Naval Hospital. The number of dead stood at 97 this morning. 40 are still in critical condition. Chief of Naval Operations Adm. Robert B. Carney surveyed the battered carrier yesterday and said he found ''freakish and unique" effects of the explosions and fire. He donned overalls and spent an hour checking the blackened com- partments of the vessel, which was hit by unexplained blasts early Wednesday. He said he saw "fabrics and structural objects near one an- other, some showing (effects of) heat and others no heat at all." In other places, he said, there was evidence of "tremendous pres- sures and other signs of complete vacuums." He said the explosions were "the worst I have seen in all my naval service." He declined to speculate on the cause, explaining that a host of technical experts from the Bureau of Ships is combing the ship for clues. The Navy court of inquiry an- nounced it will cpen its investiga- tion tomorrow. Two of the 201 injured men died at Newport Naval Hospital yester- day. Nearly 100 injured are hos- 40 of them in crit- ical condition. Many of these will require plastic -urgery more than a year from now because of severe burns. ON CARRIER Santa Anna Sailor Safe SAWTA ANNA, May m Texan, Jack Allen De- Rusha, 23, of Santa Anna, has called home7 to say he is "safe and sound" after the USS Benning- ton disaster. DeRusha tried to call his par- ents, Mr. and Mrs. R. L. DeRusha, here Thursday to reassure them. However, their phone was out of order and he gave his message to a neighbor. A maintenance crewman, Sea- man 3-c DeRusha has been in the Navy for almost three years. He is a former employe of. El Paso Natural Gas Co. at El Paso. His uncle, D. R. DeRusha of Abi- lene, said that he is a member of the crew which gives final inspec- tion to carrier based planes be- fore take-off. He thought, therefore, that his .nephew was probably "above decks when the explosion occurred. Most of the carrier's planes had taken off "just before on an early train- ing flight. HESCUED IN fireman struggles down a ladder with one of the two Puerto Rieans who died at Dunkirk, N. Y., Thursday as result of a fire that swept through the interior of a two-story frame apartment building. The victim was declared dead of suffocation a few moments later. Nine others were burned or injured. Sivley Awarded Bond Room Pact General .construction contract on band rooms for'.'bpth junior 'high' schools was awarded Friday ing to W. y, The City Commission gavt.him the contract on bid of It was the lowest "offer made. Five bidders submitted' Lucian Webb Plumbing and Heating Co. received the plumbing and heating contract on the two rooms. That bid was the lowest submitted. Five firms com- peted. DuBose Electric, Abilene, got the electrical contract, at the lowest of seven bids. The rooms are to be completed in tune for school opening this Sep- tember. A. E. Wells, superintendent of public schools, announced that their completion will reduce by 600 the original estimate of pupils who must attend on half-day sessions next fall. A citizens' committee had pre- dicted that students would be forced on half-day attendance by crowded classrooms. Wells said each junior high school can take 150 additional stu- dents thanks to the band rooms. He was referring to those seventh graders who have been retained hi elementary school buildings be- SUNDAY'S HEADLINERS IN THE REPORTER-NEWS Sunday's Reporter-News will bring its readers exclu- sive stories on just a little bit of everything, including a story about peace officers in a duel with rattlesnakes "and the first of a series on Army life. There'll be top editorials, exclusive stories about women and what they are doing, oil and farm news. For-sports, there will be the NAIA championship stories'on track, golf and tennis. You caff reserve extra copies of the Sunday Re- porter-News, with your agent or newsstand, for 10 cents. cause of shortage of junior high space. Jayid S. Castle Co., Abilene, has 'tfieL-architectural and engineering :band rooms, '-fi.' a-five- year-grazing lease on of city sewer" farm lariat His 052.7fj per year, was the larger of the two; submitted. The four members of the City Censor Board whose terms expire this June 15 were re-appointed. They are R. J. Tiffany, Mrs. J..L. McDavid, J. D. Miracle and Julia Luker. There are several holdover members. First reading of a new trailer coach park ordinance was voted unanimously. Public hearing and final vote will be held June 11. Next regular meeting of the commission was set for Thursday, June 3, instead of the original date of June 4. This is to enable the members to attend a June 4 re- gional meeting of the League of Texas Municipalities, in Big Spring. A letter was received from Dru- ry High School, North Adams. Mass., thanking Abilene citizens for their hospitality to a group of that school's pupils who recently visited Abilene High. The visit was part of an exchange program. Final action was voted to rezone from Zone B to Zone E the south 75 feet of the west 140 feet of Lot 2, Block 202. BULLETIN WASHINGTON Ifl Seven corporations controlled by Greek ship owner Starros N'iar- chos pleaded guilty today to conspiring to defraud the Un- ited States government by il- legally obtaining surplus Amer- ican ships after the Tar. They were fined which was paid at once in cash. Ike's Staff Disputes Joe's Probe Policies Cohn Says Army Versions Wrong BULLETIN- WASHINGTON subpoena was served on Sen. McCarthy today by the Senate committee inves- tigating his controversy with the Army. McCarthy said it "appeared on the face" to call for all records but that apparently all that was wanted was material produced by Pvt. David Schine. WASHINGTON M. Cohn today disputed Army versions of his efforts to get an officer's commission for his wealthy friend, G. David Schine, and of his anger when barred from secret radar laboratories at Ft. Monmouth, N. J. And he declared flarly that Sen. McCarthy never in his presence requested a commission for Schine taking issue with Secretary of the Army Stevens. Stevens had testified his recollection was that McCarthy did make such a request at a breakfast Sept. 16, in the New- York apartment of Schine's par- ents. Cohn Was Mad As to the Monmouth incident, Cohn acknowledged he was angry, and said he didn't recall all he said, but he insisted he had not in fact "declared war" on the Army. Ray H. Jenkins, special counsel of the Senate Investigations sub- committee, cross-examined Cohn at some length about the incident last Oct. 20, when Secretary Stevens refused to clear Cohn for admis- sion to the laboratory. "And you declared war on the Army, didn't asked Jenkins. "No, Cohn replied. Col, Kenneth BeLieu aide to Stevens, testified earlier in the week-at the subcommittee's hear- ings into the McCarthy-Army'row that Cohn "blew his top" and de- clared: "This is it, this is war with the Army." The officer also quoted Cohn as saying: "We'll investigate the heck out of you." Cohn said he would not dispute BeLieu's testimony that he was angry. He testified that he thought the colonel was correct in some of the words he attributed to him and incorrect about others. Jenkins referred to the officer's testimony that Cohn had said "this is war with the army." "I have no recollection of those Cohn replied. "You don't deny asked Jen- kins. Cohn replied that he came "pretty close" to denying it. He said he had since talked to Harold Rainville, an aide of Sen. Dirksen and Robert Jones, a former aide of Sen. Potter and they told him they did not recall his saying that. In his story of the Ft. Monmouth incident, Cohn did deny flatly that he had, as BeLieu testified, said, "I have access to FBI files when I want them." Cohn said "the whole day (at Monmouth) wjs filled with a lot of ridiculous things." One of these things, Cohn said, occurred when a "chicken colonel" (a full colonel in Army slang) jumped up at lunch and told Sec- retary Stevens to keep quiet about something he was discussing with McCarthy because it involved a security matter. Little Black Book Cohn said Stevens took out a "little black book" and wrote down the colonel's name, remarking he would "not be in the vicinity for a very long Cohn disputed specifically testi- mony from Maj. Gen. Miles Reber who had said he never had been put under "greater pressure" than was exerted on behalf of Schine. Letter Blasts Law Disregards WASHINGTON Eisenhower administratioa loday directly disputed the declaration by Sen. McCarthy that it is the duty of federal workers to report to Congress ,vhat they know of communism, treason or other crimes.. In a statement issued at the White House, Atty. Gen. Srownell said the Constitution gives the executive branch )f the government the "sole and fundamental" responsi- bility for enforcement of laws and Presidential orders, including those to protect the nation's security. ACCUSED The government of Guatemala's President Jacobo Arbenz has been the target of U. S. State Department charges that it cleared the way for full co-operation with the .Commun- ists. An arms shipment from Red Poland to Guatemala has creat- ed inter-American political ten- sion. Theater Man Dies BEAUMONT, Tex., May 28 The vice president and general manager of Jefferson Amusement Co., S. L. Oakley, 49, died this morning. He was also general manager of East Texas Theaters. French Will Call Troops for Indo Combat PARIS Joseph Lan- iel's cabinet decided today to call up troops of this year's draft class four-months ahead of time so as to free other soldiers' for combat in Indochina, a cabinet spokesman announced. The troops, forming the second and final group of the 1954 military conscription class, are ex- pected to be on duty within 15 days, the spokesman said. All are men aged 20. The cabinet acted on the rec- ommendation of the National De- fense Committee, which has been holding highly important day and night meetings since Gen. Paul Ely, chief of staff of the French forces, returned with a special report on the deteriorating French position in Indochina since the fall of Dien Bien Phu. There was no suggestion, how- ever, that plans were in the wind to send draftees to Indochina. That would be an explosive change in policy. Dust Cloud Heads Toward Abilene A front which pushed toward Abilene Friday morning might bring dust to this area by after- noon, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport said. The dust was expected from the South Plains. Lubbock had 4 miles visibility at 10 a.m. Friday, the weatherman said. The front passed Snyder about a.m. Visibility in Abilene was not expected to be below 10 miles. The front might cause a little cloudiness here, but no moisture "was forecast, the weatherman said. Cooler temperatures were pre- dicted for Friday night and Sat- urday. The only men who actually will be sent to Indochina to fight the Communist-led Vietminh will be professional soldjers, A French law of 1950 to fight outside France. The hurriedly called up rem- nants-o'f the11954 class will be sta- tioned in France or quiet areas in North Africa to replace profession- al soldiers sent to Indochina. The cabinet spokesman did not give any indication that the cabinet had dis- cussed changing the 1950 law. The question of using others than volunteers has been pushed into the background. It is political dy- namite. It may have to be brought up for discussion, however, if the United States takes a bigger hand in Indochina. While both the United States and Britain sent- draftees to Korea, France does not send them into foreign fighting in what is technic- ally peacetime. It is forbidden by the 1950 law which made the con- scription period 18 months instead of 12. Until the defeat at Dien Bien Phu, the problem was not consid- ered too critical. Enough volun- teers could be recruited, at spec- ial rates of pay, to supply the forces France considered neces- sary to fight in Indochina. Now that is changed and manpower is needed. War weary, discouraged, France wants peace most of all. If she can't get a negotiated pact at the Geneva conference, she insists she must have help if she is to go on fighting. A Cabinet member said recently: "France is not going to go on alone. If she doesn't get help, then she must find.a way to lay down her arms honorably in Indo- White Parents Oppose Mixing By JOHN DANILSON WHITE FOLKS in Abilene will go along peacefully with the U. S. Supreme Court on the Negro ques- tion, but not all agree with the court. "The court decides what is a father said. "What else can we He was one of 18 parents who participated Thursday in a white poll which indicated that the ma- jority do not like the prospect of throwing open white schools to Negroes. The segregation question in Abi- lene currently is so hot it can cause rifts in homes. Whites are careful whom they discuss it with. Some don't want their names link- ed to the issue publicly, fearing it will hurt their businesses. One mother, apparently unaware of all implications of the issue, asserted, "I'm opposed to letting Negroes enter white schools." HER CHILD overheard her, While'she talked on the telephone. the hurriedly telephoned back to say, "I've just had an argument with my child over this. Leave my name out of the article." A father said tartly, "This isn't a matter to on the' tele- phone." Thursday's white poll followed the recent ruling by the nation's highest tribunal that segregation is unconstitutional. Each of 18 white homes was asked: Do you favor admitting Negroes to white schools? Thirteen parents favored segre- gation. Four opposed it. One re- fused to discuss the issue on the phone. Those polled had nothing against Negroes as individuals, they said. The most outspoken foes of-inte- gratien contacted fellow Abilenians, including Ihose who happen to have dark skins. This would be done, they by continuing publicly supported Negro educational facilities. A PROMINENT Abilene business- man said, "I've never mistreated a Negro in my life, but my per- sonal conviction is they'd be bet- ter off segregated. Why aggravate the problem with non-segrega- The businessman said he hires Negroes to work at his firm and does business with both Negroes and whites. Fearing a public stand on the segregation issue might harm his firm, he asked to re- main anonymous. Mrs. C. V. Scott, 1378 Pecan said, "I do object, but the Lord and the law made no distinction. My children can go to school and get along with Negroes and be tol- erant the same as if the Negroes were not there." Mrs. Scott attended school'with Negroes in .Kansas City, Mo., she said. "IT DIDN'T work out the first couple of days, because I was from she recalled. "It worked out later, though." Mrs. Scott has a daughter who will be in the sixth grade here next fall. Her son will be in his at the University of Houston. Another son, now in the armed forces, has frequent contact with Negroes, she said. "I durned sure don't like the opined W. D. Berry, whose daughter is completing her junior year at Abilene High School. Berry, 1125 Park Ave., has an- other daughter who is the seventh grade at North Junior High School. He has lived in Abilene since 1940. "I've believed the same about this ever since I was a said Berry, roughneck for a drilling firm. "I don't expect to change my mind about segregation, but I favor equal facilities for Negroes." Abilene public schools cur- rently are open to Latin-American children, but Negro facilities are- separate, A. E. Wells, city super- intendent of schools said. "I'd just as soon my child would sit with Negroes as with Mexi- said Mrs. E. K. Beckham, mother of a daughter graduating from AHS. "I favor tlie Supreme Court's ruling, but I might feel dif- ferently if my girl wasn't getting out." Mrs. J. W. Bass, wife of a soap manufacturer, said, "I believe Negroes should be admitted to all public schools. It should have been done a long time ago." A resident of Abilene for 19 years, Mrs. Bass is the mother of an AHS junior girl. Admittance of Negroes will cre- ate a problem, she predicted. MRS. BASS added, "There has never been any decided change in any nation, but what the nation concerned faced problems. Making a change is a matter- of getting people accustomed to new ideas." Mrs. Clarence M. Hester, 1241 Oak St., has a son in the fourth grade at Locust School. She also has a pre-school son 5 years old. She favors separate schools for whites and Negroes. She acknowledged, "There's a little Spanish boy in the room with my boy and he's very nice." "As long as we have equal facil- ities, I believe everyone will be Set WRITES, Pf. t-A, (M. 1-2 THE WEATHER T-S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly cloudy Friday and Saturday; cooler Fri day night and Saturday; high Friday near 90: low Friday night near 60; high Satur- day near 80. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS cloudy, widely scattered thundershowers and turning cooler in northwest this after- noon and in east and south tonight. Satur- day, partly dowdy and cooler in east and south portions. WEST TEXAS Clear to partly cloudy cooler in Panhandle and South Plains and upper Pecos Valley eastward through to night. Widely scattered thnndershowera in east part of South Plains this afternoon Saturday, partly cloudy. No important tem- perature changes. EAST TEXAS Partly {tondy through tonight. Widely scattered thandershowers and cooler In extreme north tonight. Sat urday. mostly cloudy with scattered thun dershowere. cooler in north. Moderate southeast and south winds on the coast. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy through Saturday. Widely scattered thunderstiowers in extreme north portion Saturday. No important changes. Moderate to fresh southeast and south winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES Thurs. P.M. Fri. A.M. 87 75 90 74 90 73 91 -73 90............ 72 87 72 80 73 76 77 77 79 77 83 75 87 75 79 Sunset last night p.m. Sunrise to- day a.m. Sunset tonight p.m. Barometer reading at p.m. 27.88. Relative humidity at p.m. 54 per cent. Maximum temperature For the 24 hours ended at a.m.: 91. Minimum temperature for the 24 Itouri at a.m.; 71. ''That Brownell said, be usurped by any individual who may seek to set liniself above the laws of our land or to override orders of the Presi-1 dent of the United States to federal employes of the executive branch of the government." Refers to Joe Press Secretary James C. :y read the statement to reporters at the White House. The statement tself did not mention McCarthy )ut Hagerty said it referred to VleCarthy's remarks at the Army- UcCarthy hearings yesterday when McCarthy said: "As far as I'm concerned, I would like to notify those 2 million federal employes that I feel it is :heir duty to give us any informa- tion which they have about graft, corruption. Communists, treason! and that there is no loyalty to a superior which can tower above and beyond their loyalty to their country." Hagerty said he had received queries from com- ment on McCarthy's remarks. "I talked this morning with the President and the Attorney Gen- Hagerty said, the direction of the Attorney General I should like now to issue the follow- ing statement in his name with the approval of the President." Hagerly then dictated the follow- ing from notes: "The obligations and duties of the executive, judicial and legisla- tive branches of our government are defined by the Constitution. Solid Words "The executive branch of the gov- ernment has the sole and fun- damental responsibility under the Constitution for the enforcement of our laws and presidential or- ders. They include those to protect the security of our nation which were carefully drawn for this pur- pose. 'That responsibility can't be usurped by any individual who may seek to set himself above the laws of our land or to override orders of the President of the United States to federal employes of the executive branch of the' govern- ment." Stale Rests In Eagle Club Slaying Trial The state put 10 witnesses on the stand Friday morning in the murder trial of Ellis Harold Rog- ers and then rested its side of the case immediately before the noon recess of 42nd District Court. Rogers, 30-year-old Negro owner of a drug store, is charged with murder in the death of Ernest 29, another Negro man. 
                            

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