Abilene Reporter News, May 26, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

May 26, 1954

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Issue date: Wednesday, May 26, 1954

Pages available: 58

Previous edition: Tuesday, May 25, 1954

Next edition: Thursday, May 27, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 994,916

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 26, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, WARM VOL. LXXIII, NO. 342 1-4 -/04 Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron !/ EVENING FINAL Associated Press ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 26, 1954—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Sen. Sparkman Hits Lagging GOP Policies WASHINGTON upi - Sen. Sparkman (D-Ala) said today the White House is “attempting to lay the groundwork to alibi an almost total lack of legislative progress by this Republican Congress.” Sparkman and Sen. Russell (D-Ga) derided a claim by Bernard M. Shanley, President Eisenhower’s special counsel, that Democrats are placing “important roadblocks” in the path of Eisenhowers legislative program and at the same time trying to ride Eisenhower's coattails to victory in the coming congressional elections. ‘Riding Coattails’ Sparkman, his party’s 1952 vice presidential candidate said it looked to him as though Eisenhower “is riding the coattails of the Democrats, with his proposals in the field of social security and housing.” The Alabaman said these were “extensions” of Democrats’ ideas. And Russell said Eisenhower could not reconcile his request for a constitutional amendment to lower the voting age to 18 on a national basis with the President's “many campaign statements” that he “believed in and would foster” states’ rights. Russell led the opposition when this proposal was defeated last week in the Senate. In a speech Monday night, Shan-Icy listed three items in the president's legislative program which he said the Democrats had tried to block: Taft-Hartley Act revision, administration tax proposals and the teen-age vote plan. Demos Love Ike The tax bill passed the House, but only after a stiff fight over Democratic efforts to raise person al income tax exemptions. The 18-year-old vote and Taft-Hartley revision proposals were both killed in the Senate. Pottht ARMS FOR GUATEMALA NEIGHBORS—The arrow indicates the reported route of arms airlift from the United States to Nicaragua and Honduras which was announced by the State Department. There was no definite announcements of when the shipments start but there were reports they were being flown from Mobile, Ala., on the Gulf of Mexico. The two nations are neighbors of Guatemala, shaded, which State Department officials have said received arms from Communist Poland last week. Fire Razes Navy Ship; 100 Die, 220 Injured Neighbor Changes Testimony on Will Baptists (all For 'Rights' MINNEAPOLIS LTV—The American Baptist Convention today was acting on a “statement concerning freedom,” calling for a fight against “a tyranny that seems to respect neither rights of individuals nor thé democratic processes of our nation.” “There are individuals and groups in American life so intent upon combatting the menace of communism that they adopt the very principles and methods which make communism frightening,” the statement read. While no names were mentioned, delegates accepted the paper as a thinly veiled reference to Sen. Joseph McCarthy <R-Wis) and his Senate investigating group. It was prepared by a church committee. The statement went on to say the truth was being slanted for ulterior purposes or submerged in suspicion and fear as these individuals and groups. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES NURSE TALKS—French nurse captured at bien Bien Phu tells her story. — Page 14-A SIGNAL SWITCH — Changes ere made in traffic light system on South First St. — Page 1-B. OLDEST CITIZEN — Oldest citizen of Coleman County dies at age of 105. — Page 1-B. DRIVE OPENS — Abilene Symphony Orchestra opens dnve for $ I 5.400. — Page 7-B. Special to The Reporter-News MONAHANS. May 26 — A neighbor of the late Mrs. Rebecca Estes Gray revised her testimony on cross-examination here Wednesday to describe odd actions of the woman as indication of “poor judgment” rather than of a childish or unsound mind. Mrs. H. B. Carr came back to the stand today as the contest of Mrs. Gray’s will went into the third day in district court here. Thirty kinsmen of Mrs. Gray, mostly cousins, are seeking to break the will which divided Mrs. Gray’s estate among four Methodist institutions, including McMur-ry College of Abilene. The relatives are termed “contestants” in the case. They claim Mrs. Gray was of unsound mind and unduly influenced by institution representatives. The Methodist insitutions and administrators of the stale, called the “proponents” in the case, introduced their testimony Monday and Tuesday to show that Mrs. Gray was not of unsound mind when she made her will. Mrs. Carr was one of three contestant witnesses on the stand Wednesday morning. Tuesday she had told of odd habits and unusual customs of Mrs. Gray and termed her with a child-like mind. Under cross-examination by William Kerr, longtime friend and attorney for Mrs. Gray. Mrs. Can-revised her opinion to describe Mrs. Gray as having “poor judgment” rather than being of unsound mind. Kerr also brought out in his questioning that Mrs. Carr once asked Mrs. Gray to loan her money and Mrs. Gray refused. Dr. F. J. Prout of Monahans, who said he was Mrs. Gray's physician, displayed X-rays taken „of the woman shortly before she died in an El Paso Hospital. Both sides have agreed she died of cancer of the brain. But they differ on how long she had the disease before her death. Dr. Prout testified he did not notice any indication of it until March, 1952. Her will was made prior to that time. A different estimate was presented today on the value of Mrs. Gray’s estate. Testimony by the proponents was that it was worth just under a half-million dollars. G. L. Buckle, Monahans geologist who specializes in secondary recovery of oil through water-flooding, estimated today that the total recovery of oil might eventually bring the value of the property in dispute to between $2 million and $2.7 million. On cross-examination by Kerr, Buckle admitted it was difficult to make an exact estimate because of so many variable elements. He said, also, that the wells involved are in an “old” oil field and might be approaching the end of primary production. The wells are in the North Ward Estes Field, 10 miles south of Wickett in Ward County. Judge G. C. Olsen, who is hearing the case, Tuesday warned attorneys against side remarks during heated disputes. Hottest arguments of the trial have been between John Watts of Odessa, attorney for the contestants, and Carl P. Springer of Abilene, an attorney for the proponents. Rebels Form Big Pincers On French HANOI, Indochina itf*—'Vietminh troops moving east from captured Dien Bien Phu suddenly veered north today in an apparent attempt to encircle French defenses in the vital Red River delta. The shift of Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap’s Communist-led legions was believed designed to form a giant pincers squeezing the delta’s northern perimeter while other Vietminh troops threaten it from the west. The French sent out U.S.-supplied B26 bombers and Corsairs to air strike was concentrated on troops bunched near Nha Phu, about 90 miles southwest of Hanoi. In the delta itself only light action was reported. Twelve rebels were killed as French warplanes pounded Vietminh forces harassing outposts southeast of Hanoi. Meanwhile, the airlift of French wounded from Dien Bien Phu continued. The French command said 148 were flown out last night, bringing the total evacuated to 710. The French hope to wind up the shuttle today. The rebels have given permission to evacuate a total of 858. The French command in Saigon said it will build up 13 new military units from the reserves of Viet Nam battalions lost at Dien Bien Phu. A spokesman said, with reinforcements expected from France, the new units will total some 12,000. This is about the number lost at Dien Bien Phu. The spokesman said the new units would be sent in to holster the imperiled delta. USS Bennington Gutted at Sea QUONSET, R. I. (/P)—More than 100 men died and 220 were injured early today in two explosions and a fire aboard the aircraft carrier Bennington as she cruised along the eastern coastline. The craft came into this port shortly after noon today, her decks lined with tired crewmen, their faces blackened bv smoke.    t------------------ GENERAL WITH CHART—Gen. Cornelius Ryan, commander at Ft. Dix, N. J., holds one of the charts produced by the Army as he testified Tuesday at the McCarthy-Army hearing. This chart shows, according to the Army, Pvt. G. David Schine’s absences from Ft. Dix, where he took basic training. Ryan testified the McCarthy subcommittee staff repeatedly asked special leaves for Schine. JOE STALKS OUT Schine À WOL, Captain Declares Biller Union Dock Workers Voting Starts in New York India Gets New Aid NEW DELHI. India W - The United States made another $350,-150 available to India Tuesday to aid in the training of workers, especially women. NEW YORK un - The bitter union fight for the right to represent 25,000 dock workers reached a portwide vote today in a National Labor Relations Board election. Heavy police details patrolled the waterfront to prevent repetition of the intimidation and strong-arm tactics which caused the results of a pre-Christmas election to be scrapped. Last-minute claims of victory were made by spokesmen for both the International Longshoremen’s Assn. (ILA) and the rival AFL-ILA. The count will start at an armory here at 8:30 p.m. and the result may be in by midnight. The NLRB assembled a staff of 191 officials from as far away as Denver to supervise the election. With feelings running high between adherents of the rival un ions, Police Commissioner Francis W. H. Adams put 2,500 New York policemen on waterfront patrol. On the New Jersey side of the vast port hundreds of police were detailed on the waterfront. The ILA, which ruled waterfront labor for decades before it was ousted from the AFL for harboring racketeers, took another body blow on the eve of the election. Federal Judge David N. Edelstein placed it in receivership yesterday. Edelstein appointed Raymond J. Scully, an official of the New York State Bar Assn., as receiver. Scully’s responsibilities will end if and when the ILA raises the $50,000 needed to pay a contempt of court fine imposed for its recent strike in defiance of a federal injunction. ILA Executive Vice President Patrick J. Connolly said last night that individual members of the union had volunteered to mortgage their homefe to pay the fine. Connolly said the union hoped to get the money together before the receiver actually took control today. The ILA’s cash has shrunk to a $12,000 bank account, and even that has been attached by the government in a move to assure payment of the fine. The hitter waterfront campaign for members has been waged at ever-increasing tempo since the AFL established the AFL-ILA aft- WASHINGTON ^-Pvt. G. David Schine’s company commander testified today Schine took New Year's leave from Ft. Dix, N.J., in violation of instructions but was allowed to remain at home after Roy Cohn telephoned the fort. Capt. Joseph J. M. Miller said he reported Schine as “absent without leave” but that no disciplinary action was taken against Schinc. and Schine’s service record does not show lie was AWOL. During his testimony Miller also said he never gave any “preferential treatment” to Schine, and that neither Sen, McCarthy nor any of McCarthy’s aides ever asked him to do so. Trip to Florida Miller’s story of the New Year's incident capped earlier testimony that Schine once apparently tried to offer him a trip to Florida, and also told him he was in the service “to remake the American military establishment along modern lines.” Miller said he had scheduled Schine for guard duty Dec. 31 and had specifically instructed him he was not to leave the post without Miller’s authority. Miller said he also had advised Schine that because Schine had a Christmas pass, he would not be entitled to a pass for New Year’s Day. He said he considered that Schine was absent from the company area, without permission, and ordered a search for him which disclosed Schine had signed out of the fort on a pass to New York as of 11:30 a.m., but that actually he had left prior to 10:45 a.m. when the search was begun. Miller said the arrangement was er ousting the ILA last fall for failure to clean out racketeering I that all passes for Schine were to elements.    I    clear through Miller and Schine Negroes Glad School Ban Out By EARLE WALKER MIXING WHITE and Negro pupils in public schools will benefit both races, said most Abilene Negro citizens interviewed this week. Twenty-five of them were asked for opinions on the U. S. Supreme Court’s ruling that segregation is unconstitutional. That verdict apparently will put an end to the placing ot colored and white students in separate schools. As to whether they favor the court’s action, the score of Abilene Negroes’ answers was: For the ruling, 18; against, 4: no comment, 3. Persons interviewed included church pastors, a Methodist elder, parents and grandparents of pupils, old-timers whose children have finished Abilene schools, business and civic leaders and former school teachers. Those favoring the change-over said it will lead to better understanding between the races. They felt it will make greater job opportunities and better education for Negro youths. One said the end of segregation is a forceful blow to Communjst propaganda. NOBODY INTERVIEWED foresaw any trouble here as a result of the change, Several said white and Negro children will get along all right, if the adults will. A number of those favoring mixed schools expressed hope the switch will be made gradually and be worked out carefully. A few feared that Negro teachers will lose their jobs. Of the lour speaking against the mixing of pupils, one said he didn't think Negroes are ready for that change. Another thought it would be better for the Negroes to have separate schools, if their facilities are equal to the whites’. A third said she didn’t care anything about having Negro pupils are: T. J. Stones, 749 Mesquite St.; Mrs. Allen White, 856 Mesquite St., and Mrs. Lilian Cumby, 734 Plum St. Both of Stones' children have completed high school here, and he has grandchildren who will be in Abilene schools. Mrs. White has a child in high school. Mrs. Cumby is another long-time Abilenian. WILL HENDERSON, 601 North Eighth St., secretary of the Negro Chamber of Commerce, was one of the four persons opposed to mixing of the races in the schools. His two children were educated in Abilene. and are now in New York. Said Henderson: ‘ 1 don’t think we are quite ready for the change. I think our Negro teachers should have better education for their jobs. 1 believe ihe facilities for Negroes and whites should be attend white    schools.    A    fourth    equal. But I’m.not so anxious at thought    it    best    to    keep    the    schools    the present time to make the separate, but she added. “Our Ne gro elementary school surely needs a lot more things, though,” The three who declined comment said they haven’t studied the matter enough to voice opinions. They change.” Others against the court ruling were: Mrs. E. A. Sims, 431 North Seventh St.; Mrs. J. M. Branch, 609 Plum St.: and Mrs. C. A. Dean, 509 State St. Mrs. Sims said, however, that the local white schools offer pupils a lot more subjects than do the Negro schools. Her opinion seemed more nearly “middle-of-the-road” than outright opposition to mixing the pupils. But she did say, “If the white people will give the Negroes the same books they have, it will be better for the Negroes to stay to themselves in the schools.” MRS. SIMS has three children in elementary, and two in high school here. Mrs. Branch has a granddaughter in elementary school, and has lived here 15 or 20 years. Mrs. Dean has three grandchildren in Abilene schools. All the other 18 interviewed were in favor of mixing Negro and white pupils in the schools. They praised the Supreme Court’s ruling. Mrs. Sam Curtis, 630 Washington St., is district president of the Negro Parent * Teacher Association. She said: “By being together, pupils will get the same instruction. I believe ,a Negro student who has gone through a mixed school stands better chance of a good job. He will have passed the identical work as a white pupil. One point I won der about, though, is whether most Negro teachers will be out of jobs when the change happens.” Mrs. Curtis has three grandchildren in Abilene schools. Her three children went all the way through the local school system. The Rev. Joseph T. Garnet, 725 Plum St., is pastor of Bethel AME (Methodist' Church. His statement: was not to leave on any other authority. Miller said Roy Cohn, chief counsel to the McCarthy subcommittee, called at 3 o’clock that afternoon to say Schine would be working on subcommittee business “throughout the weekend.” Under questioning by Sen. Symington <D-Mo), Miller said he considered Schine’s absence was “absence without leave” and so reported to his regimental commander, who in turn reported to Maj. Gen. Cornelius Ryan, the fort commander. Sen. McCarthy protested that much of Miller s testimony was irrelevant to the issue of w*hether he and his aides pressured for preferential treatment of Schine. At one point. McCarthy arose, announced he was leaving until the “drivel” was over, and stalked from the room. He came back in about 20 minutes while Miller was still testifying. Brief Hassle McCarthy and Symington <D-Mo) got into a brief hassle when McCarthy referred to James A. Wechsler, editor ot the New York Post, as a one-time “top official of the Communist party.” Symington said there was “no justification for the statement Symington said it was his understanding Wechsler has testified that when he was “around 17, 18 or 19 he was a member of the \oung Communist League, that he left that organization, and that since then he has been more and more active against Communism.’’ The McCarthy-Symington row blew up when McCarthy questioned Miller about a series of articles in the New York Post on Schine’s life at Ft. Dix. McCarthy called the Post “a Communist sheet.” McCarthy declared the only time Symington “raises his voice” is to defend communism. He told Symington he had a former Communist sitting right behind him—Miss Elizabeth Bentley. Miss Bentley, who says she was once a courier for a Communist spy ring, has been a frequent wit See SCHINE, Pg. 2-A, Col. 4 Ens. Robert Grant of Brooklyn, N. Y., his own ankles bleeding, told newsman “all I can say, is God I’m lucky to be alive.” He was directing the evacuation of the casualties as he spoke. Two Explosions Grant estimated the first of two explosions occurred about 6:15 a.m. today. He said: “I was in the forward hangar bay when 1 heard general quarters alarm sounded. I listened for a moment and suddenly it dawned on me that there was no report that this was a drill.” The disaster probably was one of the worst in Naval peacetime history. There were 170 men missing or killed in 1952 in a mid-Atlantic collision between the destroyer Hobson and the carrier Wasp. A shift of helicopters carried many of the seriously injured ashore to the Newport Naval Hospital across the bay from here as the 32,000-ton Essex class carrier moved toward port. There was no immediate explanation of the explosions but one Ye-port said high octane gas was in volved. Grant said the fire evidently was caused by two explosions, one before the general quarters alarm was sounded and one afterward. Grant said: “Five guys went to the hatch and I saw them pulling on it. Suddenly a terrific explosion shook the ship and blew the hatch in. The five guys just vanished.” Grant said the hangar suddenly filled with smoke and that there must have been 30 or 40 men around, some choking and some coughing and others “just plain screaming.” Crew Fights Blaze Grant said “we all gripped another’s hands and the lead man made his way to an opening to the starboard side forward. “My ankles are raw and bleeding,” he said, “but that is nothing, nothing at all compared to what happened to some of my buddies.” Grant said the fire crews fought the blaze almost as soon as it started and were still fighting it j Loyally Board Investigates Dr. Bunche THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER HI REAP ABILENE AND VICINITY — Partly cloudy and warm Wednesday. Wednesday night and Thursday; high Wednesday 85; Jow Wednesday night 65; high Thursday 85 WEST TEXAS — Partly cloggy through Thursday with widely »catteren afternoon and evening thunderstorms. Warmer Ihi* afternoon.    _    ‘ EAST and SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS -Considerable cloudiness and mild scattered showers and thundershowers through Thurs-. .    ,,    ,    ;    day.    Moderate    moatly    southeast winds on IT IS MY opinion that America "he coast TEMPERATURES See SHIP, Pg. 2-A, Col. NEW YORK (ffu-Dr. Ralph J. Bunche, a top United Nations official. spent most of yesterday and last night closeted with a U. S. loyalty board, and the board chairman said “no inference should be drawn from the fact ” Bunche, who won the 1950 Nobel Peace Prize for achieving an armistice in the Holy Land, is now principal director of the U. N.’s Department ot Trusteeship. While Bunche was meeting with the loyalty board, two former members of the National Committee of the Communist party were admitted to the hearing room in the Federal Building. The two were Manning Johnson and Leonard Patterson. After the 12-hour session broke up, a statement was given to newsmen by Pierce J. Gerety of Southport. Conn., chairman of the U. S. International Organizations Employes Loyalty Board. Gerety safd Bunche, like every olhcr American citizen employed by the 40-odd international organizations to which the United States belongs, has been investigated under executive orders issued by former President Truman and President Eisenhower. Reports of these investigations are turned over to the International Organizations Employes Loyalty Board, he added, and then stated: “Therefore no inference should he drawn from the fact that he had a meeting with the board today. As a matter of policy the board does not make any comment concerning any individual. The reports of the board’s determinations are in all cases submitted to the secretary general or the executive head of the appropriate international agency through the State De-61 partrnent.” Interest Growing In 'Billfold Bandit' possesses sufficient moral courage to solve amicably any problem with ;which it may be confronted. The rgfcent Supreme Court ruling is the greatest blow to Communism and anti • American propaganda which could have possibly come at such a time as this. I have implicit faith in the character of American Christianity and the spirit of democracy to see it Sec NEGROS, Pg. 2-A, Cel. 1-2 Tue*. P.M. 69    ..... 70    ..... 71    ..... 72    ..... 70    ..... 69    ..... 65    ..... 64    ..... 62 ..... 1:30 2:30 3:30 4:30 5:30 b:30 7:30 8:30 9:30 Wed. A M. ......58   56   57 ......57 ......57  .38  62  71 ......76 ......77  79 60       10:30    ....... 59        11:30    ....... 59      12:30    ............ 81 Sunset last night 7:37 p.m. Sunrise today 5:35 a.m. Sunset tonlfht 7:37 p.m. Maximum temperature lor the 34 hours ended at 6:30 a.m.: 72. Minimum temperature for the 24 hours ended at 8;30 s in.; 55. Abilene police interest in the search for George Chester Sewell, Jr., 21, is growing, Detective Lt. George Sutton said Wednesday. Sewell is wanted elsewhere as a suspect in the theft of more than 100 billfolds from college dormitories. In Abilene, a total of 14 forged checks of which Sewell is the suspect have landed in city police hands. Sewell has been charged in Justice of the Peace H. F. Long’s court here with forgery and passing of a forged $5 check to Lu-cile’s Flower Shop, 426 Cedar St. Long set $1,500 bond, but Sewell hasn’t been found.’ Other forged checks, apparently identical as to the name used and the writing, were passed also in Abilene on May 13, 1954. That was the same day Lucile’s Flower Shop received the forged instrument. Sutton said all 14 checks will be investigated by 42nd District Court grand jury. A felony warrant has been issued here for Sewell on the forgery and passing charge. Other Abilene firms which accepted forged checks May 13 were Caleb Reed’s Men’s Shop, Abilene Printing and Stationery Co., Sweet-briar Shop, The Mackey Co., Camera Inc., George Shahan Pharmacy, Weltman’s, Minter Dry Goods Co., D. & W. Tire Co., Camera Center, Melody Shop, Record Shop, and the M-System Grocery Store on South Seventh St. The forged checks total more than $100. Name signed to the forged checks is “Robert W. McMullan.” McMullan is a Texas Tech stu- v - j is r i ■ •• ■*< "*    -    -* - -; •• i GEORGE CHESTER SEWELL JR. dent whose billfold containing his identification papers was stolen, Sutton related. The McMullan billfold was one of the many recovered at Weatherford in an automobile Sewell had been driving, the detective said. The identification papers were missing, and it is believed whoever stole McMulian’s billfold is using his identification papers to cash forged checks. George Chester Sewell, Jr., was born in Abilene Sept. 27, 1932. His last known address was Lubbock He is six feet tall, weighs 165 pounds, has blonde hair, brown eyes and fair complexion. Peace officers throughout Texas are on the lookout for Sewell. ;