Abilene Reporter News, May 19, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

May 19, 1954

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Issue date: Wednesday, May 19, 1954

Pages available: 58

Previous edition: Tuesday, May 18, 1954

Next edition: Thursday, May 20, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 994,916

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas I to FAIR®je Abilene Reporter — j^etnsf EVENINGFINAL'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES'—Byron VOL. LXXIII, NO. 336Associated Press (AP) ABILENE. TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, 1954—TWENTY-SIX PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c Ike Retains Ban But Wants Probe Started Guatemalan Case Called' Disturbing' NO REFLECTION ON PHOTO — This is just one of those pictures that happened. The weird row of faces belongs to Berkeley, Calif, sixth grade students, mirrored in the water of a model boat handling basin at the University of California. They are watching a miniature destroyer being maneuvered by remote control. And if you want to see what these kids really look like—turn the picture around. WASHINGTON UPi-President Eisenhower, commenting on shipment of arms from Red Poland to Guatemala, said today it would be a terrible thing if a Communist dictatorship wrere established on this continent. Eisenhower made the statement at a news conference in which he also said he has no intention of rescinding or relaxing his order prohibiting disclosure of what went on at a Jan. 21 meeting of high administration officials dealing with the Army-McCarthy dispute. As for the situation in Guatemala, the President was ques day night that quantities of arms have been shipped to that Central | America country from the port of Stettin in Communist Poland. Eisenhower called that disturbing, and added that the situation highlighted the reasons why an anti-Communist resolution recently was adopted at the Inter-American Conference in Caracas. A Terrible Thing Then he said that to have a Communist dictatorship established as an outpost on this continent] would be a terrible thing. On other subjects the President tioned with relation to the State ha^ tllis saj!: announcement Mon- Segregat.on-In a response to a Department Employment To Continue (limb Here Recent rains vastly improved Court Slates Segregation Argument on Earliest Date WASHINGTON W-The Supreme Court is making plans to hear arguments on Oct. 12—the earliest possible date—on the form of final the job outlook here. They helped decrees to carry out its decision hike the number of farm workers ending segregation of Negroes and in April.    •    !    whites    in    public    schools. At least 200 more agricultural Court Clerk Harold B. Willey employes are to be needed in said today he hopes the arguments May and June.    ,    can    be completed in one day. The Employment of all types com-, nine justices will then weigh the bined in Abilene in April increased matter in closed conference before by 200 persons over March. That was the estimate of the local office, Texas Employment Commission. April figure was 28,700; March, 28,500. Both farm and non-farm employment gained. The net rise in each of the two general groups was 100 persons. Jobless Unchanged Number of jobless people continued through April at about the same level as in March—1,400. “Good general rains have brightened the agricultural outlook immeasurably,”    TEC reported. “Much grain was saved. Conditions are excellent for planting row crops." Construction    industry added 100 workers during April. The ccn issuing the decrees, perhaps short ly after the arguments, possibly months later. The court, after ruling Monday that segregation of public school pupils because of race violates the Constitution, permitted delay in the final decrees to give officials in the 17 Southern and Border states affected time to work out plans for segregation. District of Columbia officials announced yesterday they planned to integrate schools by the opening of the new fall term. President Eisenhower was quoted as expressing an interest and asking to be kept informed on progress. Nothing in the court’s opinion prevents such steps to end segregation immediately. Directly involved in the cases ATTACKS INCREASED French Expecting More Wounded HANOI, Indochina (jv-At least 80 more wounded were expected to arrive here tonight from captured Dien Bien Phu as the French tinuing expansion of work at the I mobilized all available helicopters new high school and the air [ nnc* ^ht planes to speed the mercy base were credited with much of ¡shuttle. the hike.    i    Coincident    with the step-up of “Out-of-area workers are mi- evacuations, the French intensified grating here in search of work at i their air assaults on rebel troops the base,” TEC said. Another factor expected to increase the unemployment total is the end of the school term. This moving out of Dien Bien Phu along the 70-mile highway leading towards the strategic Red River Delta, seen as the next Vietminh will bring pupils into the picture target. as employables.    !    A    source    with    the    Vietminh Little demand for additional delegation in Geneva said Gene-help is foreseen for May and June j vieve de Galard Terraube, French by employers in non-agricuitural fields. Regarding the farm work outlook. TEC said, “No need for out-oi-state custom combines is anticipated at this time.” Air Force nurse who was the only woman in the fortress, would be released today. A French News Agency dispatch from Hanoi said five French Union soldiers had escaped from Dien Bien Phu and had made their way Allowable Is Boosted AUSTIN iffu-The Texas Railroad i ing allowable production so nation- Conimission today ordered an increase of 70.024 barrels per day in the permissible flow of oil for June. That boosted the allowable to 3,010,515 barrels daily. The order was in line with requests of a majority of the major oil purchasers who testified at the monthly statewide oil proration hearing but it was contrary to pessimistic warnings of several witnesses. Those who took a gloomy view said a slowing down of business is apparent throughout the country and forcasts on the demand for crude oil and its products are down. Commission Chairman Ernest O. Thompson said the commission felt justified in raising the allowable partly because of the tremendous cut of 192,000 barrels dally which it had made for May. Thompson noted that actual production in Texas had declined 160,-000 barrels per day the first week of May. Thompson said he hoped other oil producing states will follow the •xample set by Texas in the past leveral months in generally reduc al stocks of crude and products can be lowered to a desirable level. Thompson closely questioned witnesses who favored curtailment of Texas production for June. He asked them whether their companies were making similar requests in other oil states. The spokesmen said this was true. “We just want to satisfy ourselves this is not an assault upon Texas production,” commented Thompson, who has said in the past that most other oil producing states were making Texas the balance wheel of the supply and demand situation. The 70.024 barrel daily increase in allowable for June will result from continuation of the 17-day statewide producing pattern which now prevails. As May has 31 and June only 30, that means a higher daily average. .The big East Texas field also will remain on 17 days. Pantex field will be on 16; Pickton, 9; Kelly-Snyder, 15; and Sandusky (Oil Creek), 13—all unchanged from May. to a French outpost in North Laos. The five, who reportedly broke out of the bastion’s isolated southern strongpoint “Isabelle.” were the first known to have escaped from Dien Bien Phu. Three top French generals flew into Hanoi today for a first hand picture of French defenses against an expected massive Vietminh attack from the west on the vital Red River Delta. The visitors are Gen. Paul Ely, the French chief of staff; Gen. Raoul Salan. former commander in chief in Indochina, and Gen. Pierre Pelissier of the general air staff. They were rushed out from Paris after the fall of Dien Bien Phu for an intensive study of the over-all military situation. The French Cabinet is expected to base its future decisions on military policy in Indochina on their report. The speedup in the mercy lift was made urgent by the Vietminh refusal so far to repair the fortress’ main airstrip sufficiently to permit the landing of transport planes which could Carry big cargoes of wounded. The helicopter shuttle is expected to take much longer, but the French hope that by using all available light craft they can fly out about 80 wounded a day. The rebels have indicated they would permit evacuation of 753 wounded. on the court docket, besides the District of Columbia, are South Carolina. Virginia, Delaware and Kansas. Other states which require or permit segregation in public schools were asked to file “friend of the court” briefs by Oct. 1 telling plans for integration. The only state to hint at open defiance was Georgia. Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook said he would refuse to take part in the October hearings. Gov. Herman Talmadge, backing Cook, called the hearing an invitation “to help select a knife to cut our heads off.” While disappointment was voiced elsewhere in the South at the de cision, most officials felt the problem could be worked out if ap proached gradually and reason ably. One issue awaiting the October hearings is whether integration should be ordered immediately or gradually. Some court observers said it was most likely that the Supreme Court itself would issue detailed decrees where necessary, rather than asking the aid of special masters or of lower federal courts. This would speed up the final step. Observers said a state which fails by October to report steps toward integration could be ordered forewith to admit Negroes to any of its schools. Several methods of enforcing the segregation ban were suggested yesterday by attorneys. Negro parents could go into lower federal courts and sue for damages from school officials who refuse to permit their children to enter white schools. The Supreme Court could hold such school officials in contempt. Or the officials might be subjected to criminal prosecution for denial of civil rights, under the Federal Civil Rights Act. THICK FOG VEILS CITY Fog dropped visibility in the Abilene area to one-eighth of a mile for two hours Wednesday morning, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport reported. The fog moved in about 4:30 a. m. and had dissipated by 9 a. m. The lowest visibility was from 5 to 7 a. m., the weatherman said. No fog and fair skies were forecast for Wednesday afternoon and Thursday. question, the President said he has not the slightest advice for the South on how to carry out the Supreme Court decision holding that segregation of whites and Negroes in public schools is unconstitutional. The President added, however, that he has sworn to uphold the Constitution and that he intends to do just that. Asked whether the court decision may have placed his administration on a political hot spot because the ruling was handed down during the regime of the Republicans, the President shot back! that the Supreme Court is not under any administration. i Stands For Honesty The President also was asked, whemer the court ruling might alienate some of his personal political supporters in the South. His reply was that he has stood always for honest, decent government and always will. So far as political support is concerned, he added that the voters will have to make their own decisions on that. Southeast Asia—Eisenhower said it might be possible to form a united front against communism in Southeast Asia without the participation of Britain. Asked whether the United States would act without Britain, he replied that it depended on the attitude of the proper Asiatic nations and Australia and New Zealand. Studying Atom Pool Atomic Energy Pool—He was asked about reports that there had been a breakdown in negotiations with Russia on creation of an atomic pool for peaceful purposes as he proposed last Dec. 8. The President said he is studying just as hard as he can to find some way the United States can move ahead in some enlightened way without, as he put it, waiting for the rest. That was as close as he came to any indication on whether he regards the talks with Russia as deadlocked. Atomic Energy Chairman—Eisenhower said he has the utmost faith in Lewis L. Strauss as chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission. He added that if he were certain he always would have a man like Strauss as chairman, he would be in favor of giving him plenty of authority. Housing—Eisenhower said he had been very pleased to learn th\at the Senate Banking Committee had voted, as he put it, to restore his housing program. He apparently was referring to the committee’s restoration of a provision authorizing the public housing program features of his proposal in that general field. Lei’s Get All Fads, He Urges WASHINGTON UPt — President Eisenhower today called for continuance of the McCarthy-Army hearings. He said he was astonished his secrecy order regarding a government conference was PRESIDENT AND STEVENS LUNCH — President Eisenhower and Army Secretary Stevens ate picnic lunches side by side at Charlotte, N. C., Tuesday where the President firmly restated his faith in America’s armed forces. STEVENS DECLARES White House Didn't Direct Army Moves WASHINGTON ** — Secretary Stevens said today the Army’s decisions and acts in its controversy with Sen. McCarthy were those of the Army alone. In a statement, Stevens hit at the suggestion raised at Senate hearings on the row that “higher ups” in the Eisenhower administration took over direction of the THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE HEATHER BUREAU AR1LENE AN» VICINITY — Fair Wednesday. Wednesday night and Thursday; high Wednesday 85: low Wednesday nighl 65: high Thursday 90. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Partly cloud'.. widely scattered thundershowers, mostly in the south portion this aflernoon and tonight and In the south and west portions Thursday. WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy with widely scattered showers and thunder-siorms this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS -Considerable cloudiness and mild with scattered showers and thunderstorms this afternoon, tonight and Thursday. TEMPERATURES Tues. P.M. 69    ...... 70 70 71 69 69 68 65 65 1:50 2:30 3:30 4:30 5:30 6:3(1 7:30 8:30 9:30 Wed. A.M.   61 60 60 60 60 59 61 65 69 71 73 74 64       10:30    ........ 63      11:30    ........ 62      12:30    ........ Sunset last night 7:32 p.m. Sunrise to day 5 38 a.m. Sunset tonight 7:33 p.m. Barometer reading at 12:30 p.m. 28 22. Relative humidity at 12:30 p.m. 60 per cent. Maximum temperature for the 24 hours ended at 6:30 a.m.: 71. Minimum temperature for the 24 hours ended at 6:30 a.m.: 59. Army’s actions. The text of Stevens’ statement: “I wish to make it perfectly plain that the decisions and the acts on the part of the Army concerning the controversy presently being heard by the Senate subcommittee were the decisions and the acts of the Department of the Army alone. “At no time did the Army or I as its secretary receive any orders from anyone in respect to the preparation or presentation of the Army’s case. Specifically, the conference of Jan. 21 was only for the purpose of obtaining an interpretation of existing directives. Actions taken by the Army prior or subsequent to the meeting were independent actions taken on the Army’s own responsibility, “As secretary of the Army I believed and now believe that the Army, its secretary and its counsel were subjected to improper pressures from Sen. McCarthy, Mr. Cohn, and Mr. Carr in respect to Pvt. G. David Schine. I am convinced that the Army had no other honorable course than to bring those acts whict I consider improper to the attention of the United States Senate. “No meeting or conference influenced my decision to protest and fight attempts to obtain preferential treatment for a private in the Army by the use of the power and prestige of a Senate committee chairmanship.” being used as a reason or excuse for their suspension. The President toid his news conference he has no intention whatsoever of withdrawing the order but that Secretary of the Army Stevens will make a statement disassociating the Army’s charges against Sen. McCarthy and his aides from higher levels of the administration. Eisenhower said his secrecy order-barring testimony about a Jan. 21 conference of White House aides and others on the McCarthy-Army dispute—was drafted some time ago and that its over-all purpose was to try to preserve orderly government. ‘Long Side Trip* But beyond that, he said, he had hoped it might keep the McCarthy-Army hearing from wandering off into a side issue. Eisenhower said he regarded the Jan. 21 meeting as a long side trip, with no possible bearing on the real issues, so far as the Senate probe of the McCarthy-Army fight is concerned. Eisenhower repeated what he has said before—that he would like to have the inquiry wind up as soon | as possible so it will no longer 1 distract the nation’s attention from j&’orld and other pressing problems. WiiT Tie said the bearings should not end unless they end conclusively, with the principals given a chance to tell their story and to give the public the full facts. Lei's Get Facts Eisenhower declared he does not think all the facts have been brought out in the inquiry. And, while disclaiming any intention of telling the Senate how to run an investigation, he said: Let’s get the facts out and let the chips fall where they may. A reporter asked whether it would be correct to say the White House okayed the report in which the Army made its charges of pressure against the McCarthy camp. It would not, the President replied crisply. Eisenhower’s order forbade Army Counselor John G. Adams, who was on the witness stand at that time, from giving details of a Jan. 21 meeting at which the Army’s problems with McCarthy's Senate Investigations subcommittee were discussed. Advised by Adams John Adams had said previously that Sherman Adams, top assistant to the President, advised him at that meeting to draft a written record of the Army's difficulties with McCarthy over alleged requests for special treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine. Shortly after the Eisenhower secrecy order was issued, the hearings were suspended so that Senate investigators could try to get the President to withdraw, modify or at least clarify it. HOMES AND STORES Off-Street Parking Areas At All Buildings Proposed Laughs Will Pep Up Your VACATION Éifc Peace Asian Talkers Still Stalled; Front Being Pushed All persons seeking building permits here may be required soon to provide off-street parking areas. That information came Wednesday from City Planning Engineer Doyle Singleton. He is preparing the first draft of an ordinance which would make that requirement. Singleton said the City Planning and Zoning Commission probably will discuss it at the next regular meeting. That will be held the night of June 7. The ordinance would require that plans of any building project include sufficient off - street parking area to meet anticipated needs of the particular applicant and his customers. Violent Tremors GENEVA (/Pi—'The most violent earth tremors in eight years shook Switzerland today. No damage or casualties were reported. Residential as well as business permits are included. Singleton pointed out that the City Planning and Zoning Commission hasn’t taken action regarding such a law. Adoption of any ordinance requires City Commission vote. The planning and zoning panel makes recommendation regarding such ordinances as the one on off • street parking. Bugs Bunny says you’re sure to run into trouble with your whole family H you fail to have the Abilene Reporter-News sent to your vacation address. We’ll gladly take care of it—simply call 4-7271 so nobody will miss reading the comics. WftSbñm ftpKtor~Jleutf GENEVA tJPL- The Indochina peace talks were resumed in another secret session today without any sign of progress. As the third consecutive restricted meeting got under way, the nine-party conference was reported tightly deadlocked over Western demands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. At the same time, France established direct contact here for the first time with the Vietminh in an attempt to settle the controversy over the evacuation of wounded from Dien Bien Phu. The two delegations appointed special representatives. They conferred briefly, but had nothing to say after the meeting. The top diplomats of the Western Big Three discussed strategy for more than two hours this morning at British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden’s villa. There was no official announcement as to their decisions. i France and the United States were reported pushing plans for a I the United States had agreed to Southeast Asia pact. A source close to French For-1 eign Minister Georges Bidault said secret French-American talks which have been going on in Washington, Paris and Geneva the past few days would continue regardless of how the Geneva parley progressed. Here in Geneva, the nine-nation Indochina peace talks were reported stalemated over Western demands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. One Western informant said no progress had been made on this or any other points since the closed-door sessions began two days ago. Another secret session on Indochina was scheduled today. Informed sources said a fourth may be held tomorrow, but that the thorny problem then probably would be laid aside until next week. In view of this stalemate, a French source said» France and go ahead with plans for an Asian defense pact without awaiting British approval. The British contend such negotiations should await the outcome of the Geneva conference. The French oppose the delay. They fear the Communists may try to keep the conference enmeshed in endless debate while the Vietminh build up strength to mount a massive attack on the strategic Red River delta. When that happens, France wants to have her allies ready to fight without delay. Britain reportedly has agreed, however, to open military staff conferences soon on Southeast Asia with the United States, France and other Allied nations interested in Southeast Asia. They include Australia, New Zealand, Thailand and the Philippines. Western diplomats said American plans to form a united front against communism in Southeast Asia are progressing nicely. s X t » ;