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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 19, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR I Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH "OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT FINAL VOL. LXXIII, NO. 336 Associated Prea (AF) AiBILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, MAY 19, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc NO REFLECTION ON PHOTO This is just one of those pictures that happened. The weird row of faces belongs to Berkeley, Calif, sixth grade students, mirrored in the water of a model boat handling basin at the University of California. They are watching a miniature destroyer being maneuvered by remote control. And if you want to see what these kids really look the picture around. Ike Retains Ban But Wants Probe Started Guatemalan Case Called' Disturbing' WASHINGTON (.fi-President Ei- senhower, commenting on ship- ment of arms from Red Poland to Guatemala, said today it would be a terrible thing if a Communist dictatorship were established on this continent. Eisenhower made the statement at a news conference in which he also said he has-no intention of rescinding or relaxing his order prohibiting disclosure of what went on at a Jan. 21 meeting of high administration officials dealing with the Army-McCarthy dispute. As for the situation in Guate- mala, the President was ques- tioned with relation to the State Department announcement Mon- Employment To Continue Climb Here Recent rains vastly improved the job outlook here. They helped hike the number of farm workers Court Slates Segregation Argument on Earliest Date in April. At least 200 more agricultural employes are to be needed in May and June. Employment of all types com- bined in Abilene in April increased by 200 persons over March. That was the estimate of the local office, .Texas i April figure was March, Both farm and non-farm em- ployment gained. The net rise in each of the two general groups was 100 persons. Jobless Unchanged Number of jobless people con- tinued through April at about the same level as in "Good general rains have brigh- tened the agricultural outlook im- TEC reported. "Much grain was saved. Condi- tions are excellent for planting row crops." Construction industry added 100 workers during April. The con- tinuing expansion of work at the new high school and the air base were credited with much of the hike. "Out-of-area workers .are mi- grating here in search of work at the TEC said. Another factor expected to in- crease the unemployment total is the end of the school term. This will bring pupils into the picture as employables. Little demand for additional help is foreseen for May and June by employers in non-agricultural fields. Regarding the farm work out- look. TEC said, "No need for out-of-statc torn combines is anticipated, this time." WASHINGTON Supreme pupils because of race violates the Court is making plans to hear ar- guments on Oct. earliest possible the form of final decrees to carry out its decision ending segregation of Negroes and whites in public schools. Court Clerk Harold B. Willey said today he hopes the arguments can be completed in one day. The nine justices will then weigh the matter in closed conference before issuing the decrees, perhaps short- ly after the arguments, possibly months later. The: ifter ruling Monday that" segregation of'public' school Constitution, permitted delay in the final decrees to give officials in the 17 Southern and Border states af- fected time to work out plans for segregation. District of Columbia officials an- nounced yesterday they planned to integrate schools by the opening of the new fall term. President Eisenhower was quoted as express- ing an interest and asking to be kept informed on progress- Nothing in the court's opinion prevents such steps to end segrega- tion Directly involved in' the cases MI the court docket, besides the )istrict of Columbia, are South Carolina. Virginia, Delaware and Cansas. Other states which require 3r permit segregation in public .chools were asked to file "friend of the court" briefs by Oct. 1 tell- ing plans for integration. The only state to hint at open defiance was Georgia. Atty. Gen. Sugene Cook said he would refuse .0 take part in the October hear ngs. Gov. Herman Talmadge, ATTACKS INCREASED French Expecting More Wounded HANOI, Indochina least; 80 more wounded were expected to arrive here tonight from captured Dicn Bien Phu as the French mobilized all available helicopters and light planes to speed the mercy shuttle. Coincident 'with the step-up of evacuations, the French intensified their air assaults on rebel troops moving out of Dien Bien Phu along the 70-mile highway leading to- wards the strategic Red River Delta, seen as the next Vietminh target. A source with the Tietminh delegation in Geneva said Gene- vieve de Galard Terraube, French Air Force nurse who was the only woman in the fortress, would be released today. A French News Agency dispatch from Hanoi said five French Un- ion soldiers had escaped from Dien Bien Phu and had made their way Allowable Is Boosted AUSTIN WV-The Texas Railroad Commission today ordered an in- crease of barrels per day in the permissible flow of oil for boosted the allowable to June. That barrels daily. The order was in line with re- quests of a majority of the major oil purchasers who testified at the monthly statewide oil proration hearing but it was contrary to pes- simistic warnings of several wit- nesses. Those who took a gloomy view said a slowing down of business is apparent throughout the country and forcasts on the demand for crude down. oil and ils products are Commission Chairman Ernest 0. Thompson said the commission felt justified in raising the-allowable partly because of the tremendous cut of barrels daily which it had made for May. Thompson noted that actual pro- duction in Texas had declined 000 barrels per day the first week of May. Thompson said he hoped other eil producing states will follow the txample set by Texas in the past wveral months in generally reduc- ing allowable production so nation- al stocks of crude and products an be lowered to a desirable level. Thompson closely questioned wit- nesses who favored curtailment of Texas production for June. He ask- ed them whether their companies were making similar requests in other oil states. The spokesmen said .this was true.; "We just want to satisfy our-j selves this is not an assault upon Texas commented Thompson, who has said in the past that most other oil producing states were making Texas the bal- ance wheel of supply and de- mand situation. The barrel daily increase in allowable for June will result from continuation of the 17-day statewide producing pattern which now prevails. As May has 31 and June only 30, that means a higher daily average. .The big East -Texas field also will remain ,pn 17 days. Pantex field. will be on 16; Pickton, 9; Kelly-Snyder, 15; and Sandusky (Oil unchanged from May. o a French outpost in North Laos. The five, who reportedly broke out of the bastion's isolated southern strongpoint were the 3rst known to have escaped from Dien Bien Phu. Three top French generals flew into Hanoi today, for a first hand picture of French defenses against an expected massive Vietminh at- :ack from the west on the vital Red River Delta. The visitors are Gen. Paul Ely, the French chief of staff; Gen. Raoul Salan, former commander in chief in Indochina, and Gen. Pierre Pelissier of the general air taff. They were rushed out from Paris after the fall of Dien Bien Phu for an intensive study of the over-all military situation. The French Cabinet is expected to base its fu- ture decisions on military policy in Indochina on their report. The speedup in the mercy lift was made urgent by the Vietminh refusal so far to repair the for- tress' main airstrip sufficiently to permit the landing of transport planes which could tarry big car- goes of wounded. The helicopter shuttle is expected to take much longer, but the French hope that by using all avail able light craft fly out about 80 wounded a day. The rebels have indicated they would permit evacuation of 753 wounded. backing Cook, called the hearing an invitation "to help .select a knife 16 cutrour'heads off." "iVMle disappointment was voiced elsewhere in the South at the de- cision, most officials felt the prob- lem could be worked out if ap- proached gradually and reason- ably. One issue awaiting the October learings is whether integration should be ordered immediately or gradually. Some court observers said it was most likely that the Supreme Court itself would issue detailed decrees where necessary, rather than ask- ing the aid of special masters or of lower federal courts. This would speed up the final step. Observers said a state which 'ails by October to report steps :oward integration could be or- dered forewitli to admit Negroes :o any of its schools. Several methods of enforcing the segregation ban were suggested yesterday by attorneys. Negro parents could go into low- er federal courts and sue for dam- ages from school officials who re- fuse to permit their children to enter white schools. The Supreme Court could hold such school of- ficials in contempt. Or the officials might be subjected to criminal prosecution for denial of civil rights, under the Federal Civil Eights Act. day night that quantities of arms have been shipped to that Central America country from the port of Stettin in Communist Poland. Eisenhower called that disturb- ing, and added that the situation highlighted the reasons why an anti-Communist resolution recently was adopted at the Inter-American Conference in Caracas. A Terrible Thing Then he said that to have a Communist dictatorship establish- ed as an outpost on this continent would be a terrible thing. On other subjects the President had this to say: a response to a question, the President said he has' lot the slightest advice for the South on how to carry out the iupreme Court decision holding hat segregation of whites and Vegroes in public schools is un- ronstitutional. The President added, however, hat he has sworn to uphold the Constitution and that he intends to do just that. Asked whether the court deci- sion may have placed his admin- istration on a political hot spot be- cause the ruling was handed down during the regime of the Repub- icans, the President shot back .hat the Supreme Court is not under any administration. Stands For Honesty The President also was asked wheinerN the court ruling might alienate some of his personal po- litical supporters in the South. His THICK FOG VEILS CITY Fog dropped visibility in the Abilene area to one-eighth of a mile for two hours Wednes- day morning, the U. S. Weath- er Bureau at Municipal Air- port reported. The fog moved in about a. m. and had dissipated by 9 a. m. The lowest visibility was from 5 to 7 a. m., the weatherman said. No fog and fair skies were forecast for Wednesday after- noon and Thursday. HOMES AND STORES Off-Street Parking Areas At All Buildings Proposed AH persons seeking building per- mits here may be required soon to provide off-street parking areas. That information came Wednes- day from City Planning Engineer Doyle Singleton. He is preparing the first dratt of an ordinance which would make that requirement. 'Singleton said the City Planning and Zoning Commission probably will discuss it at the next regular meeting. That will be held' the Violent Tremors. GENEVA most violent earth tremors in eight years shook Switzerland today. No damage or casualties were reported. reply was that he has stood always for.honest, decent government and always will. So' far as political support is concerned, he added that the voters will have to make their own decisions on that. Southeast it might be possible to form a united front against communism in Southeast Asia without the par- ticipation of Britain. Asked wheth- er the United States would act without Britain, he replied that it depended on the attitude of the proper Asiatic nations and Aus- tralia and New Zealand. Studying Atom Pool Atomic Energy was asked about reports that there had been a breakdown in negotiations with Russia on creation of an atomic pool for peaceful purposes as he proposed last Dec. 8. The President said he is studying just as hard as he can to find some way the United States can move ahead in some enlightened way without, as he put it, waiting for the rest. That was as close as he came to any indication on whether he regards the talks with Russia as deadlocked. Atomic Energy senhower said he has the utmost faith in Lewis L. Strauss as chair- man of the Atomic Energy Com- mission. He added that if he were certain he always would have a man like Strauss as chairman, he would be in favor of giving him plenty of authority. said he had been very pleased to learn that the Senate Banking Commit- tee had voted, as he put it, to restore his housing program. He apparently was referring to the committee's restoration of a pro- vision authorizing the public hous- ing program features of his pro- posal in that general field. PRESIDENT AND STEVENS LUNCH President Eisen- hower and Army Secretary Stevens ate Jiicnic lunches side by side at Charlotte, N. C., Tuesday where the President firmly restated his faith in America's armed forces. STEVENS DECLARES White House Didn't t. _- Direct Army Moves WASHINGTON M Secretary Stevens said today the Army's de- cisions and acts in its controversy with Sen. McCarthy were those of the Army alone. In a statement, Stevens hit at the suggestion raised at Senate hearings on the row that "higher ups" in the Eisenhower adminis- tration took over direction of the THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF. COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY Fair Wed- nesday. Wednesday night and Thursday; high Wednesday 85; low Wednesday night 65; high Thursday 90- NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy, widely scattered Uiundershowers, mostly in the south portion this afternoon and tonight and in the south and west portions Thursday. WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy with widely scattered showers and ttiunder- torms .this afternoon, tonight and Tnurs- _ ,ST AND SOUTH CENTRAL Considerable cloudiness and mild with cattered showers and thunderstorms this mxm, tonight and Thursday. TEMPERATURES Laughs Will Pep Up Your VACATION night of June 7. The ordinance would requir that plans of any building project include sufficient off street park- ing area to meet anticipated needs of the particular applicant and his customers. Residential as well as business permits are included. Singleton pointed out that the City Planning and Zoning Com- mission hasn't taken action re- garding such a law. Adoption of any ordinance requir- es City Commission vote. The plan- ning and zoning panel makes rec- ommendation regarding such or- dinances as the one on off street parking. Bugt Bunny says you're sure to run into trtuble with your whole family If you fail to hare the Abi- lene Reporter-News KBt to your TOcatkm address. Well gladly take cart of call 4-7271 so nobody will miss reading the comics. ___ ___ 62 74 Sunset last night p.m. Sunrise to- ay a.m. Sunset tonight p.m. Barometer reading at p.m. 28.22. Relative humidity at p.m. eo per cent. Maximum temperature for the 24 hours ended at a.m.: 71. Minimum temperature for the 24 hours ended at a.m.: 59. 'Army'skctions. The text of Stevens' statement: "I wish to .make it perfectly plain that the decisions and the acts on the part of-the Army con- cerning the controversy presently being heard by the Senate sub- committee were the decisions and the acts of the Department of the Army alone. "At no time did the Army or I as its secretary receive any orders from anyone in respect to the prep- aration or presentation of the Army's case. Specifically, the con- ference of Jan. 21 was only for the purpose of obtaining an inter- pretation of existing directives. Ac- tions taken by the Army prior or subsequent to the meeting were independent actions taken on the Army's responsibility. "As secretary of the Army I be- lieved and now believe that the Army, its secretary and its counsel were subjected to improper pres- sures from Sen. McCarthy, Mr Cohn, and Mr. Carr in respect to Pvt. G. David Schine. I am con vinced that the Army had no other honorable course than to bring those acts whict I consider im proper to the attention of the United States Senate. "No meeting or conference in fluenced my decision to protest am fight attempts to obtain preferen tial treatment for a private in the Army by the use of the power and prestige of a Senate committee chairmanship." Let's Gel All Fads, He Urges WASHINGTON President Eisenhower today called for con- tinuance of the McCarthy-Army hearings. He said he was aston- ished his secrecy order regarding a government conference was King used as a reason or excuse or their suspension. The President told his-news con- erence he has no intention what- oever of withdrawing the order ut that' Secretary of the Army tevens will make a statement dis- associating the Army's charges gainst Sen. McCarthy and his ides from higher levels of the dministration. Eisenhower said his secrecy or- testimony about a an. 21 conference of White House aides and others on the McCarthyr drafted some ime ago and that its over-all pur- wse was to try to preserve or- erly government. 'Long Side Trip' But beyond- that, he said, he had oped it might keep the McCarthy- rmy hearing from wandering eff nto a side issue. Eisenhower said he regarded the ian. 21 meeting as a long side rip, with no possible bearing oil he real issues, so far as the Sen- ate probe of the McCarthy-Army ight is concerned. Eisenhower repeated what he has said he would like to lave the inquiry'wind up as soon as-.possible so it will no longer distract the nation's attention from problems. should not end unless they end conclu- sively, with the principals given a chance to teU and to give the public facts.: Lei's Get Facts Eisenhower declared he does not ihinfc all the facts have been wrought out in the inquiry. And, while disclaiming any intention of .elling the Senate how to run an investigation, he said: Let's get the 'acts out and let the chips fall where they may. A reporter asked whether it would be correct to say the White House okayed the report in which .he Army made its charges .of pressure against the McCarthy camp. It would not, the President re- plied crisply. Eisenhower's order forbade Ar- my Counselor John G. Adams, who was on the witness stand at that Lime, from giving details of a Jan. 21 meeting at which the Army's problems with McCarthy's Senate Investigations subcommittee were discussed. Advised by Adams John Adams had said previously that Sherman Adams, top assistant to the President, advised him at that meeting to draft a written record of the Army's difficulties with McCarthy over alleged re- quests for special -treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine. Shortly after the Eisenhower secrecy order was issued, the hear- ings were suspended so that Senate investigators could try to get the President to withdraw, modify or at least clarify it. Peace Talkers Still Stalled; Asian Front Being Pushed GENEVA The Indochina peace talks were resumed in an- other secret session today without any sign of progress. As the third consecutive restric- ted .meeting got under way, the nine-party conference was reported tightly deadlocked over Western demands that Communist forces immediately from Laos and Cambodia. At the same time, France es- tablished direct contact here for the first time with the Vietminh in an attempt to settle the contro- versy over the evacuation of wounded from Dien Bien Phu. The two delegations appointed special representatives. They conferred briefly, but had nothing to say after the meeting. The top diplomats of the Western Big Three discussed strategy for more than two hours this morning at British Foreign Secretary An- thony Eden's villa. There was no official announcement as to their decisions. France and United. States were reported pushing plans for a Southeast Asia pact. A source close to French For- eign Minister Georges Bidault said secret French-American talks which have been going oh in Wash- ington, Paris Geneva the past few days would continue regard- less of how the Geneva parley pro- gressed. Here in Geneva, the nine-nation Indochina peace, talks were report- ed stalemated over Western de- mands that Communist forces withdraw immediately from Laos and Cambodia. One Western in- formant said no progress had been made on this or any other points since the closed-door sessions be- gan two days ago. Another secret session on Indo- china was scheduled today. In- formed sources said a fourth may be held tomorrow, but that the thorny problem then probably would be laid aside until '.next In view of this stalemate, a French source said, France and the United States had agreed to go ahead with plans for an Asian defense pact without awaiting British approval. The British con- tend such negotiations should await the outcome of the Geneva conference. The French oppose the-delay. They fear the Communists may try to keep the conference .en- meshed in endless debate while the Vietminh build up strength to mount a massive attack on the strategic Red River delta. When that happens, France wants to have her allies ready to fight with- out delay. Britain reportedly hss agreed, however, to open military'staff con- ferences soon on Southeast Asia, with the United States, France and other Allied nations interested in. Southeast Asia. They include Aus- tralia, New Zealand, Thailand and the Philippines. Western diplomats said Ameri- can plans to form a united front against communism in Southeast Asia are progressing- nicely.
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