Abilene Reporter News, May 18, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

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Location: Abilene, Texas

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 18, 1954, Abilene, Texas SCATTERED SHOWERS Œije Cilene EVENING 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 335AmocuIted Press    (AP) ABILKNE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, MAY 18, 1954—EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c REDS FREE 18 WOUNDED AS FRENCH BLAST ROAD HANOI, Indochina (/P) — The Vietminh conquerors of Dien Bien Phu have released 18 more French Union wounded from the fallen fortress, the French high command announced tonight. The news came after French planes resumed attacks on rebel troops streaming eastward toward the vital Red River delta. The high command announcement did not indicate whether the casualties had been turned over before the heavy air assault, centered on a highway neutralized since Friday as a hospital route for the Communist rebel wounded. In Geneva, a Vietminh spokesman charged the French had sabotaged the agreement for evacuation of the wounded. The French air assault smashed at Vietminh troop and truck convoys moving along the 70-mile-long highway No. 41 between Dien Bien Phu and Son La, the main route towaid the delta. Fighters firing rockets and machine guns raked the rebel columns crowding the highway, ripping big gaps to slow the movement of Vietminh forces eastward. The attack was centered along a stretch between Tuan Giao, 27 miles northeast of Dien Bien Phu, to Son La, 40 miles to.the east. Taxpayers To Vote on Site for Fair Abilene taxpayers will be asked in a referendum whether they wish the city to donate a site for fairs and livestock shows. Mayor C. E. Gatlin said Tuesday the vote is planned the same day as the proposed city bond election. Date hasn’t been chosen. Land in question is in the southwest section of the old Municipal Airport east of town. It comprises about 100 acres. It is something over one-fourth of the available land in that field. The City Commission tentatively intends to schedule the bond election and referendum this summer. Bonds proposed will cover water Top Georgia Officials Hint Open Defiance ATLANTA dft— Two top Georgia officials today hotly hinted at open defiance of the U.S. Supreme Court decision outlawing segregation in public schools. Again bitterly denouncing the ruling, Gov. Herman Talmadge recalled at his news conference a previous occasion when Georgia successfully dared the high court to enforce an adverse decision. And Atty. Gen. Eugene Cook, charging the court with usurping legislative power, said he would refuse to participate in October hearings to determine how the segregation ban will be applied. State School Supt. M. D. Collins taking a slightly less belligerent attitude, predicted that it will be a half century before public school segregation is ended in Georgia— “if then.” He said it has taken this long to comply with the court’s earlier decree for “separate but equal-’ school facilities for the races. Talmadge declined to comment directly on how the Supreme Court might enforce its segregation rule. But for quotation, he cited an adverse ruling in the 1830’s involving the Cherokee Indians. He said that Gov. George M. Troup called out the militia and when President Andrew Jackson was asked to intervene, the President replied: “John Marshall (the chief justice) made that decision. Now let him enforce it.” The upshot, he said, was that “the Cherokees were driven out of the state and settled in Oklahoma.’’ THE WEATHER IT S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY — Cloudy to partly cloudy with chance lor scattered showers this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. High temperature today, 75 degrees; low tonight, 65; high Wednesday, 80. NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS-Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and thundershowers this afternoon. tonight and Wednesday. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS -Paitlv cloudy and mild this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday with scattered show- TEMPERATURES Mon. P. M. 83 86 ...... 86 ...... 83 83 71 67 74 1:30 2:3« 3:30 4:30 5:30 6:30 7:30 8:30 9:30 Tues. A. M. 60 66 €5 64 63 64 63 63 65 68 70 71      10:30    ........ 68      11:30    ........ 67      12:30    ......... 68 Sunset last night 7:32 p.m. Sunrise today 5:39 a.m. Sunset tonight 7:32 p.m. Barometer reading at i2:30 p.m. 28.20. Relative humidity at 12:30 p.m. 83 per cent. Maximum temperature for 24-hour period •riding at 6:30 a.m.: 87. Minimum temperature for 24-hour period •bding 6:30 a.m.; 63, and sewer improvements, street work, fire stations and possibly other things. C-C Panel Asks Site Land and Development Committee of Abilene Chamber of Commerce requested donation of the stock show' and fair site. Commissioners have informally told them that a referendum will be held. Such a vote isn’t necessary from the legal standpoint in order to make the land gift. Circumstances concerning the recent building of the new Mtmiei* pal Airport, across the road from the tract in question, led the commission to desire a referendum. When an airport bond issue was proposed and voted, the city promised the public to raise $200,000 toward the new airport by selling the old one. Citizens at that time voted $300,-000 in airport bonds. That, plus the old port’s sale, was expected to furnish th^ city’s approximate $500,000 share of the new airport’s construction. The C-C committee, in asking a fair and stock show site, said the need is great. It urged quick action on the request. Commissioners haven’t voted officially to hold a referendum on the matter. They have agreed informally, however. Heavy Rains Foil in Area Flood Strikes Big Spring A Thieves Almost Stop U. S. Mail ATHOL, Mass. (J*>—Thieves yesterday came close to doing what neither rain nor snow nor dark of night cannot. They almost stopped the U. mail. The robbers who stole the four wheels off rural mailman William Peacock’s car delayed the swift completion of his appointed rounds. But William Kelly, a neighbor, took over mail delivery for the day. Cars, Train Are Stalled; House Burns BIG SPRING, May 18. (RNS)— Water was slowly receding this morning after the worst flood Big Spring has experienced since 1939. The high water gave Big Spring a hectic time. Traffic was stalled on U. S. Highway 80 about an hour and for several hours thereafter vehicles made it through only with the assistance of National Guard trucks. High water on the Texas and Pacific Railway line tied up the No. 8 westbound passenger from 11:45 p. m. to 2:25 a. m. House Burns Down During the worst of the flood a house in the middle of the water area burned “to the water line.’’ A lost child at Forsan kept from 50 to 60 men out all night on a hunt. (The child, Kenneth Sole, 8, wandered in home about 5 a. m. after being out in the weather all night.) About 30 to 35 homes in a sparsely settled 25-30 block area mostly in the west part of town had water in them up to a foot deep. About 100 persons were evacuated—among them an 8-weeks-old baby and a 2-weeks-old baby. Joe Pickle, Big Spring newsman, said the rain started about 8 p. m. Monday and appeared at first to be “just a dinky thunderstorm.” Then, it let loose raining in ern-est. Measurements ranged from 2.5 to 4.5 inches. Pickle said. Moisture reading at Webb Air Force Base, cm the western fringe of Big Spring, was 3 88 inches. Gauge at the Big Spring Herald office read 3.65 inches. In the eastern end of town the fall was gauged at 2.42 inches. Heavy to South The rain was heavy to the south, lighter to the north of Big Spring. Forsan had about 4 Inches. At the north county line the measurement was only .80 of an inch. The flood was not caused by an overflowing creek, but by terrific runoff from the Scenic Mountain area in the southwest part of town, Pickle said. Two detention dams are in that region, but they could not check the runoff. Water rushed over about six blocks of West 3d St., U. S. Highway 80, in the western part of town. Traffic was halted about an hour. National Guard trucks were able to keep it open the rest of the night, towing vehicles which stalled. At the height of the flood, fire broke out in a house in the inundated area. Firemen could not reach it with their equipment. Pickle said supposition was the blaze started from an electric short. The worst of the water was in houses and stores along West 3d from San Antonio to Galveston streets, about three blocks. STATE ADVICE AWAITED Wells Keeps Mum On Court Ruling Supt. A. E. Wells postponed Tuesday any statement on what Abilene schools will do about the U. S. Supreme Court’s anti-segregation ruling. “I hesitate to say until the Texas Education Agency and the state’s attorney general interpret the decision,” Wells said. “Whatever anybody else were to say now wouldn’t necessarily prove reliable.” He pointed out that Texas state laws conflict with the high court’s ruling. City Council of Parent-Teacher Associations will discuss the court’s finding at a meeting Friday morning, Mrs. Jack Sparks, president, said. The session will begin at 9:30 a.m., at the YMCA. Negro P-TA officials and principals haven’t been attending the council meetings. They are free to do so if ttiey wish, Mrs. Sparks said. Abilene public schools had 529 Negro pupils as of April 16, a six-week report of that date showed. They had 9,050 white students. These are not scholastic census figures, but the totals of pupils actually attending. Part of those Negro students came from Elmdale district* Wells pointed out. Abilene schools take all of Elmdale’s Negro pupils. The latter district includes Carver Addition, immediately southeast of Abilene's city limits. Woodson Elementary School had 344 Negro pupils in attendance during the six weeks covered by the April 16 report. Woodson High School, the Negro high school, had 185. Capacity of the Woodson Elementary School is 450 pupils, and the Negro high school can house 250 to 300, Wells said. The latter building is new; it was occupied first in the middle of the 1952-53 term. U. S. Supreme Court decided Monday that states don’t have the right to separate Negro and white pupils in different public schools. The vote was unanimous, 9-0. This ruling stated that such segregation is unconstitutional. School Board President W. E. Fraley declined Monday to comment on the action. Mrs. Sparks pointed out that the P-TA doesn’t determine school actions. She said it is interested in supporting worthwhile policies. Negro population here is located primarily on the east side of town, in the Carver and Stevenson Additions. TOPS FOR YEAR — Allen Baird, left, receives the Abilene Junior Chamber of Commerce eighth annual award as outstanding young man of the year from last year’s recipient, Bob Springer. The award was given Monday evening at the Jaycees’ annual banquet, where Leroy Langston was installed as new president. See story on Page 9-A. (Photo by C. C. Cockerell).    , THE OTHER 17? 'Fringe' Case Indictments Not to Be Urged by Floore By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer LUBBOCK, May 18 - Abilene citizens most likely are interested in an explanation as to why federal indictments returned earlier this year against 19 Abilenians were later dismissed—with nothing further being done to clear 17 of this group. Two of the group were later cleared of the former charges against them by no-bills returned by a U. S. grand jury in Lubbock. They are Ocie S. Leveridge of 3421 South 13th St. and Wynn M. Stephens of 2605 South 25th St. These 19 individuals were among 27 Abilenians who were named in indictments alleging fraud and returned by two separate grand juries—one in Dallas in February and the other in Fort Worth in April. When the cases were called for trial in Lubbock May 3, all indictments by the Dallas and Fort Worth grand juries were dismissed by U. S. Judge Joseph B. Dooley on grounds that they were improperly drawn. The court took this action on motions offered by the defendants and then granted an immediate request by U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore that a new grand jury be empaneled to re-consider the charges. The result of this was nine indictments returned against only eight of those Abilenians originally charged. One of this group, Raymond Thomason, Sr. of 1626 Belmont Blvd. has now been tried and convicted in U. S. Court at Lubbock on one of two indictments returned against him one week earlier by the grand jury in Lubbock. The cases of seven other Abilenians under similar indictments for fraud in connection with VA housing loans have been set over until June 21. Defendants in these cases 15* a week 65* a month ... to odd the Morninq edition, if you are now a subscriber to the Evening and Sunday. Delivery to tame address. Dial 4-7271 or ask your carrier. are Thomason’s two sons; Weldon L. Russell, Taylor W. Long, Jr., W. O. Hayter, Jr., Mrs. Helen Mc-Murry and C. G. Stephens. The fact that no action—either in the form of indictments or nobills—was taken by the Lubbock grand jury on the other 17 Abilenians named in the original indictments leads to speculation as to why they were indicted in the first place. If they were guilty of no offense, why were they not cleared of the former charges against them by no-bills from the Lubbock grand jury? It can be noted that most of those who were re-indicted had fewer counts against them in the original indictments than the defendants named in true bills returned by the Lubbock grand jury. Two of the group were named in only one count each. Nine of them had only two counts against therm In many Instances where the same defendant was named in seVeral counts, the separate counts were based on various documents filed with the Veterans See FLOORE, Pg. 7-A, Col. 5 Thomason Trial Jury Deadlocks LUBBOCK, May 18-The jury foreman reported at 2 p.m. Tuesday that the jury had been hung, 10-2, for about four hours. LUBBOCK, May 18. — A federal jury began deliberating here at 10:10 a. m. Tuesday in the second fraud trial of Raymond Thomason, Sr. No verdict had been returned up to noon, when the jurors ceased deliberating to eat lunch. They were kept together. They will not be allowed contact with persons other than themselves until a decision is reached. Deliberation began after the jurors received their charge from Judge Joseph B. Dooley of U. S. District Court. The judge has indicated to attorneys that if the jury returns a verdict by 2:30 p. m. Tuesday, he will impose sentence at that time. Thomason, convicted Saturday on seven counts of fraud in connection with VA housing loans, was awaiting outcome of his second fraud trial within a week. The indictment in the second trial has four counts. Originally, it had five. One count was struck Monday on motion of Heard L. Floore, U. S. district attorney. Four witnesses, each a veteran, testified for the government that they sold their rights to GI housing loans for $50 each. Each denied having any contact with the defendant in the transactions. The veterans are Monroe Freeman of Austin, and Oran W. Huff, John E. Salmon and Edgar Ray Myers, all of Abilene. These are veterans the government sought to link in dealings with Thomason. The veterans said they were contacted by George Douglas Graves and Bedford Forrest Carroll about selling their GI rights. Graves, first defense witness, testified he contacted Carroll, who was to contact the veterans. Thomason had no part in the dealings with the veterans. Graves testified, Defense Witnesses Other defense witnesses were Dr. Harold G. Cooke, McMurry College president; Dr. Rupert N. Richardson, president emeritus, of Hardin - Simmons University; and Temple Morrow of Lubbock. Davis Scarborough, defense attorney, said he will make a decision about an appeal in Thomason’s conviction in the first trial after Thomason is sentenced. The sentence is not expected before the conclusion of the second trial. Lake Abilene Up; .55 Falls in City By KATHARYN DUFF Reporter-News State Editor Rains measuring up to five inches poured down on West Texans again Monday and Monday night. But, these rains were spotted, ranging from sprinkles at Eastland and Cisco to five inches northeast of Albany and at Seminole to around four and a half inches at Big Spring. . Downpours created flood conditions at Big Spring. Hail damage was reported northeast of Abilene. Abilene got a .55, bringing the official total for 1954 here to 8.29 inches. That’s nearly an inch and a quarter above normal rainfall, 7.50 for the period. Lake Abilene’s watershed was in the heavy shower area. Elm Creek above the lake was reported the highest it has been since 1941. By 9 a. m. Lake Abilene had risen a foot. A lazy cold front which wandered through this area late Monday afternoon, triggered the spotted downpours. Then, early Tuesday morning the.    __ WHERE IT RAINED slow rain started which blanketed a wider area. Weatherman C. E. Sitchler said the forecast calls for scattered showers again this afternoon, tonight and Wednesday. Three tornado funnels were sighted in widely scattered points. Gainesville residents were alerted by fire sirens and watched a funnel move from a point west of town to about two miles north of the city limits where it apparently disintegrated. A pilot reported a funnel in the area 10 miles soutii of Goodnight in the Amarillo vicinity. A third was reported late Monday night near Andrews. But, like the other two, it did not touch the ground. A hail storm which accompanied the rain in Hudspeth County caused heavy crop damage. Seminole Flooded Seminole streets were flooded by five-inch downpours. The South Plains and Eastern New Mexico also got heavy rain. Runoff water got up to seven feet deep in points in Big Spring, but no injuries were reported. Taylor County Farm Agent H. C. Stanley called the local rain “more of a good thing.” Little farm work has been done since last week’s heavy rains, but there is still plenty of time to plant cotton, he said. In Fisher County, Archie Willingham of the Hobbs area estimated it will be 10 days before farmers will be able to work their land. He tried to plow Monday, but his tractor stuck in the mud. Then, last night, he got another inch rain. 5 Inches Near Albany Shackelford County Judge Ike Chism said Albany got only .75 inch rain, but five inches fell about 8 or 10 miles northeast of town. Hail which came with the rain damaged grain in a small area, Delbert Waller — one of those hit —reported. Mrs. S. A. Hurd said this morning that Elm Creek was out of banks above Lake Abilene, the highest it has been since 1941. The flooded creek blocked roads in that area, Mrs. Bell Young reported. The fall at the lake was gauged at 1.41 Inches. Five miles west of the lake it measured 2.10 inches. Aspermont got .97 inches, bringing total fall there for the year to 7.52 inches, Lowell Welch, newsman reported. Aspermont’s rainfall so far this year has been: January, .44; February, .20; March, .03; April, 2.37 and May, before this rain, 3.51. Trent got about three times as much rain as Abilene. The total there was 1.60 with it still sprinkling at 9 a.m. In the last two weeks, Trent has got from 5 to 6 inches, Correspondent Sarah Payne reported. Stamford has got 3.46 inches of rain in a week, Mrs. R. F. Mahood said. Total there for Monday and Tuesday was 1.12 inches. Creeks in the Winters area are up from a total of 1.80 inches which fell since Monday, Mrs. B. B. Bedford reported. Blackwell got 1.25 inches, and Oak Creek is on a four-foot rise. Paint Creek Rises Coke County was in the heavy rain belt, while rain in Scurry County was lighter and in Eastland and Stephens was almost nil. Throckmorton’s rain was spotted within the county. The town of Throckmorton got .90 inch. Red Richards, who lives 10 miles southwest of town, reported 3 inches and A. Noles, six miles southwest, got 2.40 inches. Throckmorton Lake was up 13 inches, standing now at 19.7 feet. Haskell got only .85 inches, but Lake Stamford on Paint Creek was up six inches at 7 a. m. ABILENE % Municipal Airport ... Total for Year ..... Normal for Year____ 909 Hickory St...... 1829 S. 8th St....... 2225 Edgemont....... 2233 Walnut ......... 851 EN 13th ......... 2418 N. 18 .......... ........50 LAKE ABILENE ..... ........50 5 miles West of lake . .......2.10 ALBANY .............. .10 miles Northeast .. ANSON ............... ASPERMONT.......... BAIRD ............... ¡BLACKWELL ......... BRECKENRIDGE ... BRONTE ............. BUFFALO GAP ...... CISCO ................ CLYDE ............... COLEMAN ............ COLORADO CITY ... EASTLAND ........... HAMLIN .............. HASKELL ............. ....... 85 HERMLEIGH......... ....... 1.20 HOBBS ........... LORA INE ............. North of Loraine ____ MERKEL ............. ROBERT LEE ......... about 3.00 ROBY ................ ROTAN ............... SEMINOLE ........... SNYDER ............. STAMFORD ........... THROCKMORTON .... 10 miles Southwest .. TRENT ............... ..... 160. TUSCOLA ............. WINTERS ............. WYLIE ................ STATE RAINS AMARILLO ......... LUBBOCK ............. MINERAL WELLS..... WICHITA FALLS ..... Ike's Housing Program OKd WASHINGTON (4V-The Senate Banking Committee approves a program which would continue public housing at a rate at least equal to the 35,000 annual units recommended by President Eisenhower. The vote is 12-3. MCCARThY-ARMY—The White House indicates there is little or no prospect of Eisenhower changing his directive banning testimony by government officials about talks within the administration concerning the controversy between Sen. McCarthy (R-Wisi and high Army officials. SCHOOLS—Sen. Clements (D-Ky) tells a Senate labor subcommittee the Supreme Court’s decision outlawing public school segregation may make federal aid in building schools “even more imperative.” NOMINATIONS—The Senate confirms these nominations: Lt. Gen. Joseph M. Swing of California to be commissioner of immigration and naturalization; Robert L. Farrington of Oklahoma to be a director of the Commodity Credit Corp. WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES REACTION—Southern political leaders and educators begin studying problems arising out of high court's segregation rulina. Page 2-A, NEWCOMERS—Two new bear cubs set up residence in Fair Park Zoo.—Page 1-B. TRANSPORTATION— Abilene bus firm will extend bus service Wednesday in Elmwood West.—Page 1-B. ;