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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 17, 1954, Abilene, Texas II SHOWERS EVENING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT FINAL VOL. LXXI1I, No. 334 Attodated Press (AF) ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 17, 1954 PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PKICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc Court Bans Segregation SENATOR CALLS IT 'COVER-UP' Ike Rules Out Testimony On Anti-McCarthy Meet WASHINGTON Bi A presi- dential order clamping secrecy on executive branch actions in the McCarthy Army row brought a denunciation from Sen. McCarthy as a "cover up" today. He pro- posed suspending Senate hearings while the issue is threshed out. Sen. Symington tD-Mo) objected to halting the hearings, even for the day. The Senate Investigations sub- committee fell into argument over what course it would take. In the upshot, the group recessed at a.m. lEDTi to decide behind closed doors their course in view of what McCarthy de- nounced as the "Iron Curtain" im- posed by the President. Public sessions were scheduled to be re- newed at 3 p.m. EDT. And Ally. Gen. Brownell, acting on tlie principle laid down by the President, ruled that no parts of a document produced by Sen. Mc- Carthy, purporting to summarize a secret FBI paper on security risks at 'Ft. Monmouth, N.J., should be made public. The President's order, in the form of a letter to the secretary of defense, and a letter from Brownell to Chairman Mundt (R- SD) were laid before the Senate Investigations subcommittee as it resumed its televised hearings on the bristling controversy between McCarthy and Pentagon officials. As he has before. Sen. Mc- Carthy said he didn't think the committee is bound "by any letter from the attorney general." He suggested the group go into closed session to read his version BRUCE FRANCIS Second Thomcson Trial Underway By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer LUBBOCK, May 17 A vet- eran the government seeks to link in VA housing loan dealings with Raymond Thomason, Sr., testified here Monday morning that he didn't recall having any personal dealings with Thomason. Monroe Freeman, Austin Army veteran, was one of two govern- ment witnesses called to the stand before the noon' recess in U. S. where Thomasotfs second fraud trial' Bruce Francis, Former Staff Writer, Dies From Stroke Newspaperman Bruce Francis, 55. a former editorial staff mem- ber of the Abilene Reporter-News, died at 10 a. m. Monday in Mc- Closkey General Hospital at Tem- ple. He suffered a cerebral hemor- rhage April 8 in Austin, where he was editor of the state VFW pub- lication. For four weeks he was hospi- Prices Drop On Gasoline Gasoline prices at two locations on South 14th St. took a tumble over the weekend, officials of two oil companies reported Monday. The two stations, Reed Oil Co. and Brooks Oil Co., reported a three-cent per gallon drop. Regu- lar prices are 19.9 cents and Ethel is 21.9 cents per gallon. Previous prices were 22.9 and 24.9 cents. An official for Brooks said the price reduction only affected the South 14th St. Station. Reed has only one station in the city, an official of that company said Monday. The price reductions started Saturday afternoon and were still in effect Monday, officials of the two companies said. THE WEATHER talized in an Austin hospital, and on May 6 was transferred to Mc- Closkey. At that time, he had not regained consciousness. Mr. Francis came to the Re- porter-News from the Brownwood Bulletin in 1937. He covered Camp Barkeley during World War II. Before joining the Bulletin in 1926, lie taught school and was a coach. Mr. Francis was a native of Meridian. The family lived at 201 Mock- ingbird Lane here until 1944, when the journalist became associate editor of the War Times, a War Department weekly publication, in Washington, D. C. After the war ended, he re- turned to his Abilene home and wrote several ex-servicemen's books, including one for Taylor County veterans. Mr. "Pappy" by fellow as a lit- terbearer with the 3rd Division in World War I. For gallantry on the battlefront, he was awarded the Purple Heart and France's Croix de Guerre. He was a commander of the Clayton M. Leach Post 2012, VFW, Abilene, and was adjutant of the Department of Texas, VFW, from July, 1949 until June, 1953. Mr. Francis was named to edit the Texas VFW News in" 1946, and had lived in Austin since then. He is survived by his wife and three sons: Henry L., Joe. and William Bruce (Buck) Francis, sports editor of the Pampa Daily News and a former reporter here. A fourth son, M. D. (Chuck) Francis, was killed during World flar II. B.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER. BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY Partly cloudy with mild temperatures Monday. Monday and Tuesday; possible aft- ernoon wid evenin? tfcundershCHVers both dnysi high Monday K; low Monday night near 65: Tuesday SO. NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and local thunderstorms this aft- ernoon, tonight and Tuesday. No impor- tant temperature changes. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL Partly dondy and mild this afternoon, tonight and Tuesday. TEMPERATURES Sun. P. M, Won. A. _M. 82 ft3 75 68 67 78 70 a High and low temperatures for 24 hours tflded at a.m.: U and 63. Suntel laM p.m. Sunrise today a.m. Buniet tonight p.m. Barometer reading at p.m. Relative Humidity at p.m. 51 per "A'axlmum tempenlire for tin boun a.m.: 15. Minimum tempwature tor Ine II houn it a.m.; (C opened Monday morning. Thomason was found guilty Sat- urday night at the conclusion of a four-day (rial on seven counts of fraud on one indictment. The conviction was based on credit reports filed with the VA along with loan applications. The second indictment, on which he currently is .on trial, .alleges he made fraudulent statements in contracts signed by five veterans to purchase; homes. Freeman is one.'.of. the Testimony up to nooa didn't go into detail as to whether Free- man had had dealings with any of Thomason's agents, although the witness didn't recall persona! deal- ings with the Abilene housing de- veloper, himself, when cross-exam- ined by Davis Scarborough, de- fense attorney. VA Officer Testifies First to testify was Clyde Har- ris. Lubhock, lone guaranty officer with the VA regional office, who identified 20 government exhibits offered in evidence. These exhibits were various instruments filed with the VA in making applications for four veterans' loans. The instruments in each loan were a transmittal letter from Abi- lene Real Estate Exchange, appli- cation for a government guaranty- on the loan, a sales contract and a statement that the veteran had made a S150 down payment. Monroe Freeman, Austin, took the stand to state he is a hotel bellhop in Austin. Freeman said he was in the Army about one year. He was discharged because he cannot read or write, other than to write his he said. He testified that Weldon Rus- sell, Abilene real estate man, paid him S50 to sign an application for a VA housing loan. Freeman said he has never seen _the property. He does not know wliere the house is located, he said. He added he did not pay any- body anything at the time he signed several papers in connec- tion with the loan application. Freeman said that he didn't sign any papers in Russell's office, but went to an abstract office on South First St. in Abilene to sign them. Asked whether he approached Russell, or Russell came to see him about making the applica- tions, the witness said, "He came to see me." The veterans who allegedly signed the contracts are Oran W. See TRIAL, Pg. 11-A, Col. 3 of the FBI memorandum. Mundt said he regards Brow- nell's ruling as final. "That settles it, so far as I am Mundt said. McCarthy has said he would pay no attention to any Brownell ruling but would withhold the information only if FBI Director J. Edgar Soover said it was not in the na- tional interest to make it public. Shuts The Door Eisenhower's general which he cited precedents ranging from Presidents Washington to to shut the door against effective inquiry by the senators into who said what to whom at a high-level administra- :ion conference at the Justice De- partment last January on the con- troversy. Disclosure that there was such a conference had piqued curiosity among members, of the Senate In- vestigations subcommittee, the Democrats as to whether the Army's moves in its scrap with McCarthy were directed from the White House itself. Adams Described Army Counselor John Adams re- lated last Wednesday that there was such a conference. He said Presidential Assistant Sherman -Adams suggested at the meeting that John Adams compile a written record of the Army's difficulties with the 'McCarthy rsubcommittee over PvL 'G. David iicbine. But when asked on Friday for details of the January conference, Adams pleaded that his lips had been sealed by an order from "the 'Executive Department." Adams said he got his orders orally from Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Anderson' but he understood Anderson was only transmitting them. Ike's Behind Him Some pretty well informed sources said Anderson actually originated it in the first place. But in any case, Eisenhower was standing firmly behind him. The senators took the Eisen- hower letter with complete calm. But when it was read into the record. Sen. Symington (D-Mo) served notice he would want to go into the issue further after he had bad more time to study both the letter and Brownell's supporting memorandum. Chairman Mundt (R-SD.) noted the memorandum cited precedents going back to the Washington ad- ministration, and said the sub- committee would like to give it study. This course, Mundt said, would prevent any "snap judg- ment." Thundershowers Due for 2 Days Possible thundershowers were forecast for Monday and Tuesday afternoons by the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport. The moisture might be set off by pre-frontal activity, the weath- erman said. A front moved down from the north, but became stationary aft- er getting 50 or 60 miles north of Abilene, he said. The Associated Press said Dai- hart got 1.57 inches of rain Sun- day accompanied by hail. Ama- rillo received .70 of an inch. j..i vk EVACUATION FOUL-UP Rebel troops moving along the western edge (2) of the rich Red River delta their next target, prompt French to consider calling off evacua- tion of wounded (3) and start tombing supply route. French May Bomb 1 Escape Corridor' Verdict Is Unanimous WASHINGTON The Supreme Court ruled unani- mously today that segregation of Negro and White students n public schools is unconstitutional. But it said it will hear further arguments this fall on how and when to end the jractice. Thus many months perhaps more time will elapse' before the historic ruling actually wipes out the separate .chools now in existence in many states. Chief Justice Warren read the court's opinion which de- clared: "We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. "Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs (Negro parents) and other similarly situated for whom the action has been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of the equal protection of the laws guaranteed by' .he 14th Amendment. "This disposition makes unecessary any discussion wheth- er such segregation also violates the due process clause of ihe 14th Amendment." The 14th Amendment was adopted after the Civil War, primarily for the benefit of slaves freed by President jincoln. It says no state may deny any person due process and equal protection of the HANOI, Indochina The French announced today they would resume bombing of the Communist-led Vietminh's 70-mile "hospital, corridor" unless the rebels-agreed, to repair the Dien Bieh Phu airstrip evacuation of French Union wounded can be speeded up. A French high command broad- cast to Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap gave the rebel com- mander until midnight to accept the ultimatum. Otherwise, the French said, they would resume all-out air attacks on the rebels streaming eastward from the fallen fortress toward the vital Red River Delta. Only 11 of the French casualties have been evacuated. The Viet- minh had agreed to let 753 "seri- ously wounded" go but the French said they refused to repair the fall- en fortress' two wrecked airstrips so larger planes could land and speed up the operation. Halted Bombing In exchange for removal of their own wounded, the French had stopped bombing the 70-mile road between Dien Bien Phu and Son La so that Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap could transport his own casualties from the battlefield he conquered May 7. But Giap, the French charged, was using the road to transfer ar- tillery, antiaircraft guns, other war material and combat troops along with the wounded toward the delta. The command in Hanoi fears that vital area and Hanoi will be the target for another ma- jor rebel offensive, perhaps in June.' The French estimated it would take at least a month to move out the 733 "seriously wounded" by helicopter and small single-engine planes, the only aircraft that now can land at Dien Bien Phu. The French figured Giap during that time could move his entire battle- tested force from Dien Bien Phu unmolested, a price the French military judged too high to pay. Refused Controls Estimates of the total French Ui-.ion wounded captured at Dien Bien Phu range between and Rpliabls sources in Saigon said the French had demanded they be allowed to set up controls on the Dien Bien'Phu-Son La highway tc prevent movement of other than rebel wounded, but Giap refused Peace Parley Held in Secret GENEVA OB The Indochina peace talks went behind a wall ol secrecy today with the Western powers reported pressing for a quick cease-fire as the first step toward a political settlement. After a week of general debate, in which all the nine delegations made policy declarations, the con- ference scheduled its first "restricted" session this afternoon to get down to concrete negotia- tions. These sessions were limited to the chiefs of the nine delegations Darticipating, plus three advisers each. They were not to be re- ported to the press in briefings such as are held after conference plenary sessions. The Western powers were re- ported determined to take a touch position on this issue. U.S. Under Secretary of State Walter Bedell Smith, French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden worked out their plans in private talks over the weekend. Bidault, it was understood, planned to submit a detailed arm- istice, plan at the afternoon ses- sion based on his previous proposals to halt the Indochina fighting. The original French proposal called for complete withdrawal of all Communist forces from Cam- bodia and Laos and for the group- ing of all military forces in Viet Nam, the third and largest Indo- Chinese state, in areas to be agreed oniby the Geneva confer- ence. aw, nor abridge their privi- .eges or immunities. The cases decided he court's finding that segrega- ion is five states: South Carolina, Virginia. Kansas, Delaware and the District of Co- umbia. After All Stales But lawyers said a ruling against segregation would affect a total o[ 17 states which, have laws re- iuiring separation of the races in schools, plus three other states having laws .do not The court.was told the if state's and the Dijrict of Columbia had 70 per cent of the nation's Negro population, or Negroes out of a total. States with permissive segregation had an ad- ditional one per cent. States whose laws require seg- regation were listed for the court as Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Lou isiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Mis souri, North Carolina, Oklahoma South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas Virginia and West Virginia. States with permissive segrega- ion were listed as New Mexico, iVyoming and Kansas. Copies Withheld In an apparent effort to pre- clude any advance leak of today's historic ruling, the court took the action unprecedented in recent withholding printed cop- ies of the decision until it had been read in full from the bench. Ordinarily, pages distribute the printed opinions to reporters in :he courtroom just before the jus- ice who wrote the majority view begins to read. Thus several min- utes went by today before it could be determined how the court had decided the cases. After reviewing a long line of decisions bearing on the "separate iut equal" doctrine. Chief Justice Warren wrote: "We come then to the question presented: Does segregation1 of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other 'tan- jible' factors may be equal, de- prive the children of the minority group of equal education opportu- nities? We believe that it does." Look to Effects Warren said the court's decision 'cannot turn on merely a com- parison of these tangible factors in the Negro and white schools in- volved." He added: "We must look instead to the ef- fect of segregation itself on public education." Defenders Used All Ammo, Then Quit HANOI, Indochina val- iant French Union defenders of Dien Bien Phu fought their Com- munist-led assailants furiously and without letup until all their ammu- nition was gone. Then, as one by one their guns fell silent over the remnant of the fortress bunkers, they carried out Brig. de Castries' last up when you no longer fight." This account of the fortress" last hours on May 7 was given to news- men last night by three badly wounded survivors of the epic siege, part of the contingent of 11 casualties released by the Viet- minh rebels before the airlift evac- uation was suspended Saturday. At Hanoi's overcrowded Lanes- san Military Hospital they said both Brig; Gen. Christftn dc Cas- tries, their heroic garrison com- mander, and the only woman in the fortress, air force nurse Gene- vieve de Galard Terraube of Paris, both were captives of the Viet- minh. Neither was wounded, the trio said.. All three men lay badly wounded with some others in the bat- tered, shell-torn fortress' under- ground hospital while the human tidal waves of rebels swept over in the final engulfing blows. His right leg badly shattered by Vietminh fire, Pfc. Marcel Cham- pougny said he thought the last hours of fighting would never end. "It seemed like there were thou- sands of shells and machine-gun bullets bitting against the hospital bunker. "Some of them buried some o! the wounded alive as the Vietminh just fired over everything they had. "From outside we could hear the wild screaming of the Vietminh and the answering cries of the French as everybody fought vi- ciously, hand to hand. "At times a soldier would tum- ble into the hospital bunker, badly wounded, and say he was out of ammunition." That was the way every defend- er fought, said he no longer had anything to fight with. "De Castries' last order to the men in his Champougny continued, "was 'Give up when ycu can no longer fight.' To do anything else would have been butchery." CThe private said about 6 o'clock I that Friday night the shooting sud- denly died out on the battlefield and "then everyone knew the bat- tle was over." Miss de Galard, he continued, was still bravely ministering to the wounded in the hospital bunker as the rebels rushed in. There was no attack made on the wounded men, he continued. Instead, the Vietminh announced all were captives of Ho Chi Minh, the rebels' Moscow-trained chief. Their captors, said Champougny, were almost apologetic. One Viet- minh officer declared in French: "Ho Chi Minh and we are fight- ing for our country. There are things worse than that, and we are no worse than others. You are now prisoners and will get the at- tention prisoners of war deserve." Some of the rebel soldiers in their mud-caked uniforms were laughing hysterically, but none at- tempted to mistreat any of the French wounded. Nor did Champougny, after he was carried out to the battlefield, see any rebels mistreat any of the rounded up. Champougny said Miss de Gal- ard disappeared for awhile after the invaders entered the hospital section "but I saw her come back to help the wounded, and later she was taken away by the Vietminh." "She looked as brave and un- afraid and courageous as ever." Later, Champougny said, he was carried out of the bunker to the battlefield. There "I saw Gen. de Castries in his still wearing his red Spam's overseas cap, jauntily and calmly walk be- tween two heavily armed Vietminh soldiers to a jeep. "He climbed into the jeep which the Vietminh had captured from tbe French and was taken away." Champougny said for three days after the fall of the' fortress, the Vietminh had held the garrison's score or so of French army doc- tors captive, away from the wounded, but then permitted them to return and treat their men. Meanwhile, Vietminh doctors had tried to ease the French. The rebels made tents for them out of captured parachutes, and the French air force began parachut- ing food and medical supplies to them.
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