Abilene Reporter News, May 17, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

May 17, 1954

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Issue date: Monday, May 17, 1954

Pages available: 38

Previous edition: Sunday, May 16, 1954

Next edition: Tuesday, May 18, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 1,005,004

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 17, 1954, Abilene, Texas / /M SHOWERS Wi)t Abilene Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron FVF1\ÏÏ1\TR JLi V JLIX1 111 U FINAL VOL. LXX11I, No. 334 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, MONDAY EVENING, MAY 17, 1954 -EIGHTEEN PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10cCourt Bans Segregation SENATOR CALLS IT 'COVER-UP' Ike Rules Out Testimony On Anti-McCarthy Meet WASHINGTON WPi — A presidential order clamping secrecy on executive branch actions in the McCarthy - Army row brought a denunciation from Sen. McCarthy as a “cover up” today. He proposed suspending Senate hearings while the issue is threshed out. Sen. Symington <D-Mo) objected to halting the hearings, even for the day. The Senate Investigations subcommittee fell into argument over what course it would take. In the upshot, the group recessed at 11:55 a.m. (EDT) to decide behind closed doors their course in view of what McCarthy denounced as the “Iron Curtain” imposed by the President. Public sessions were scheduled to be renewed at 3 p.m. EDT. And Atty. Gen. Brownell, acting on the principle laid down by the President, ruled that no parts of a document produced by Sen. McCarthy, purporting to summarize a secret FBI paper on security risks at Ft. Monmouth, N.J., should be made public. The President's order, in the form of a letter to the secretary of defense, and a letter from Brownell to Chairman Mundt (R-SD> were laid before the Senate Investigations subcommittee as it resumed its televised hearings on the bristling controversy between McCarthy and Pentagon officials. As he has before, Sen. McCarthy said he didn’t think the committee is bound “by any letter from the attorney general.” He suggested the group go into closed session to read his version Second Thomason Trial Underway BRUCE FRANCIS By GEORGIA NELSON Reporter-News Staff Writer LUBBOCK, May 17 — A veteran the government seeks to link in VA housing loan dealings with Raymond Thomason. Sr., testified here Monday morning that he didn’t recall having any personal dealings with Thomason. Monroe Freeman, Austin Army veteran, was one of two government witnesses called to the stand before the noon recess in U. S. District Court where Thomason’s second fraud trial within a week Bruce Francis, Former Staff Writer, Dies From Stroke Newspaperman Bruce Francis. 55. a former editorial staff member of the Abilene Reporter-News, died at 10 a. m. Monday in Me* Closkey General Hospital at Temple. He suffered a cerebral hemorrhage April 8 in Austin, where he was editor of the state VFW publication. For four weeks he was hospi- Prices Drop On Gasoline Gasoline prices at two locations on South 14th St, took a tumble over the weekend, officials of two oil companies reported Monday. The two stations, Reed Oil Co. and Brooks Oil Co., reported a three-cent per gallon drop. Regular prices are 19.9 cents and Ethel is 21.9 cents per gallon. Previous prices were 22.9 and 24.9 cents. An official for Brooks said the price reduction only affected the South Nth St. Station. Reed has only one station in the city, an official oi that company »aid Monday. The price reductions started Saturday afternoon and were still i sports editor of the Pampa Daily in effect Monday, officials of the two companies said. talized in an Austin hospital, and on May 6 was transferred to Mc-Closkey. At that time, he had not regained consciousness. Mr. Francis came to the Re-porter-New'S irom the Rrownwood Bulletin in 1937. He covered Camp Barkeley during World War II. Before joining the Bulletin in 1926, he taught school and was a coach. Mr. Francis was a native of Meridian. The family lived at 201 Mockingbird Lane here until 1944, when the journalist became associate editor of the War Times, a War Department weekly publication, ih Washington, D. C. After the war ended, he returned to his Abilene home and wrote several ex-servicemen's books, including one for Taylor County veterans. Mr. Francis—called “Pappy” by fellow newsmen—served as a lit-terbcarer with the 3rd Division in World War I. For gallantry on the battlefront, he was awarded the Purple Heart and France’s Croix de Guerre. He was a commander of the Clayton M. Leach Post 2012, VFWr, Abilene, and was adjutant of the Department of Texas, VFW, from July, 1949 until June. 1953. Mr. Francis was named to edit the Texas VFW News in 1946, and had lived in Austin since then. He is survived by his wife and three sons: Henry L., Joe, and William Bruce (Buck) Francis, THE WEATHER US. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BISSAU ABILENE AND VICINITY - Partly cloudv with mild temperatures Monday, Monday night and Tuesday, possible afternoon and evening thundershowers both days; high Monday 85; low Monday night near 85. high Tuesday 9«.    ............ NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS-* Considerable cloudiness with scattered showers and local thunderstorms this alt-ernoon, tonight and Tuesday. No important temperature changes    ' EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy and mild this aiternoon, tonight and Tuesday. TEMPERATURES News and a former reporter here. A fourth son, M. D. (Chuck) Francis, was killed during World War II. opened Monday morning. Thomason was found guilty Saturday night at the conclusion of a four-day trial on seven counts of fraud on one indictment. The conviction was based on credit reports filed with the VA along with loan applications. The second indictment, on which he currently is on trial, alleges he made fraudulent statements in contracts signed by five veterans to purchase homes. Freeman is one of the veterans. Testimony up to noon didn’t go into detail as to whether Freeman had had dealings with any of Thomason’s agents, although the witness didn’t recall persona! dealings with the Abilene housing developer, himself, when cross-examined by Davis Scarborough, defense attorney. VA Officer Testifies First to testify was Clyde Harris. Lubbock, lone guaranty officer with the VA regional office, who identified 20 government exhibits offered in evidence. These exhibits were various instruments filed with the VA in making applications for four \eterans’ loans. The instruments in each loan were a transmittal letter from Abilene Real Estate Exchange, application ior a government guaranty on the loan, a sales contract and a statement that the veteran had made a $150 down payment. Monroe Freeman, Austin, took the stand to state he is a hotel bellhop in Austin. Freeman said he was in the Army about one year. He was discharged because he cannot read or write, other than to write his name, he said. He testified that Weldon Russell, Abilene real estate man, paid him $50 to sign an application for a VA housing loan. Freeman said he has never seen the property. Ho does not know where the house is located, he said. He added he did not pay anybody anything at the time he signed several papers in connection with the loan application. Freeman said that he didn’t sign any papers in Russell’s office, but went to an abstract office on South First St. in Abilene to sign them. Asked whether he approached Russell, or Russell came to see him about making the applications, the witness said, “He came to see me.” The veterans who allegedly signed the contracts are Oran W. See TRIAL, Pg. 11-A, Col. 3 of the FBI memorandum. Mundt said he regards Brownell's ruling as final. “That settles it, so far as I am concerned,” Mundt said. McCarthy has said he would pay no attention to any Brownell ruling but would withhold the information only if FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover said it was not in the national interest to make it public. Shuts The Door Eisenhower's general order—for which he cited precedents ranging from Presidents Washington to Truman—seemed to shut the door against effective inquiry by the senators into who said what to whom at a high-level administration conference at the Justice Department last January on the controversy. Disclosure that there was such a conference had piqued curiosity among members of the Senate Investigations subcommittee, the Democrats as to whether the Army’s moves in its scrap with McCarthy were directed from the White House itself. Adams Described Army Counselor John Adams related last Wednesday that there was such a conference. He said Presidential Assistant Sherman Adams suggested at the meeting that John Adams compile a written record of the Army’s difficulties with the McCarthy subcommittee over Pvt. G. David Schine. But when asked on Friday for details of the January conference, Adams pleaded that his lips had been sealed by an order from “the Executive Department.” Adams said be got his orders orally from Deputy Secretary of Defense Robert Anderson but he understood Anderson was only transmitting them. Ike’s Behind Him Some pretty well informed sources said Anderson actually originated it in the first place. But in any case, Eisenhower was standing firmly behind him. The senators took the Eisen-bow'er letter with complete calm. But when it was read into the record, Sen. Symington iD-Mo) served notice he would want to go into the issue further after he had had more time to study both the letter and Brownell’s supporting memorandum. Chairman Mundt <R-SD> noted the memorandum cited precedents going back to the Washington administration, and said the subcommittee would like to give it study. This course, Mundt said, would prevent any “snap judgment.” u-V ,V IE NT IA NE ^ V EVACUATION FOUL-UP — Rebel troops moving along the western edge (2) of the rich Red River delta (1), their next target, prompt French to consider calling off evacuation of wounded (3) and start bombing supply route. French May Bomb 'Escape Corridor' Thundershowers Due for 2 Days Possible thundershowers were forecast for Monday and Tuesday afternoons by the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport. The moisture might be set off by pre-frontal activity, the weatherman said. A front moved down from the north, but became stationary after getting 50 or 60 miles north of Abilene, he said. The Associated Press said Dal-hart got 1.57 inches of rain Sunday accompanied by hail. Amarillo received .70 of an inch. HANOI, Indochina dfl - The French announced today they W’ould resume bombing of the Communist-led Vietminh’s 70-mile “hospital corridor” unless the rebels agreed to repair the Dien Bien Phu airstrip so evacuation of French Union wounded can be speeded up. A French high command broadcast to Communist Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap gave the rebel commander until midnight to accept the ultimatum. Otherwise, the French said, they would resume all-out air attacks on the rebels streaming eastward from the fallen fortress toward the vital Red River Delta. Only 11 of the French casualties have been evacuated. The Viet-minh had agreed to let 753 “seriously wounded” go but the French said they refused to repair the fallen fortress’ two wrecked airstrips so larger planes could land and speed up the operation. Halted Bombing In exchange for removal of their own wounded, the French had stopped bombing the 70-mile road between Dien Bien Phu and Son La so that Communist Gen. Vo ! Nguyen Giap could transport his j own casualties from the battlefield he conquered May 7. But Giap. the French charged, was using the road to transfer artillery, antiaircraft guns, other war material and combat troops along with the wounded toward the della. The command in Hanoi fears that vital area and Hanoi will be the target for another major rebel offensive, perhaps in June. The French estimated it would take at least a month to move out the 753 “seriously wounded” by helicopter and small single-engine planes, the only aircraft that now can land at Dien Bien Phu. The French figured Giap during that time could move his entire battle-tested force from Dien Bien Phu unmolested, a price the French military judged too high to pay. Refused Controls Estimates of the total French Union wounded captured at Dien Bien Phu range between 1.300 and 2,000. Reliable sources in Saigon said the French had demanded they be allowed to set up controls on the Dien Bien Phu-Son La highway to prevent movement of other than rebel wounded, but Giap refused. Verdict Is Unanimous WASHINGTON {IP) — The Supreme Court ruled unanimously today that segregation of Negro and White students in public schools is unconstitutional. But it said it will hear further arguments this fall on how and when to end the practice. Thus fnany months — perhaps more time — will elapse before the historic ruling actually wipes out the separate schools now in existence in many states. Chief Justice Warren read the court’s opinion which declared: “We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of separate but equal (sic) has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. “Therefore, we hold that the plaintiffs (Negro parents) and other similarly situated for whom the action has been brought are, by reason of the segregation complained of, deprived of thè equal protection of the laws guaranteed by the 14th Amendment. “This disposition makes unecessarv any discussion whether such segregation also violates the due process clause of the 14th Amendment.” The 14th Amendment was adopted after the Civil War, primarily for the benefit of slaves freed by President Lincoln. It says no state mav denv any person due process and equal protection of the! Long Delays Due in Texas, Shivers Says AUSTIN Gov. Allan Shivers said today it would “take years to comply” with the U.S. Supreme Court's decision outlawing racial segregation in ti» public schools. anrt thc" DiTrtet of Columbia had c “• «™"' 'oll»wed ,tha‘ « 70por cent of the nation's Negro    Kduia"°"    Corami,,ionrr J. law, nor abridge their privi leees or immunities. The cases decided today—with j the court's finding that segrega- ! tion is unconstitutional—involved five states: South Carolina, Virginia, Kansas, Delaware and the District of Columbia. After All States But lawyers said a ruling against segregation would affect a total I of 17 states which have laws requiring separation of the races in schools, plus three other states having laws which permit—but do not require—segregation. The court.was told the 17 states Peace Parley Held in Secret population, or 10,522.495 Negroes out of a 15,042,692 total. States with permissive segregation had an additional one per cent. States whose laws require segregation uere listed for the court as Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Lou-[Lsiana, Maryland, Mississippi, Mis-GENEVA — I he Indochina ; souri    Carolina.    Oklahoma, peace talks went behind a^wall oi jsouth Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia. secrecy today with the Western powers reported pressing for a quick cease-fire as the first step toward a political settlement. After a week of general debate, in which all the nine delegations made policy declarations, the conference scheduled its first “restricted” session this afternoon to get down to concrete negotiations. These sessions were limited to the chiefs of the nine delegations participating, plus three advisers each. They were not to be reported to the press in briefings such as are held after conference plenary sessions. The Western powers were reported determined to take a touch position on this issue. U.S. Under States with permissive segregation were listed as New Mexico, Wyoming and Kansas. Copies Withheld In an apparent effort to preclude any advance leak of todays historic ruling, the court took the action — unprecedented in recent years—of withholding printed copies of the decision until it had been read in full from the bench. Ordinarily, pages distribute the printed opinions to reporters in the courtroom just before the justice who wrote the majority view begins to read. Thus several minutes went by today before it could be determined how the court had decided the cases. After reviewing a long line of Secretary of State Walter Bedell decisions bearing on the “separate Smith, French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault and British Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden worked out their plans in private talks over the weekend. Bidault, it was understood, planned to submit a detailed armistice, plan at the afternoon session based on his previous proposals to halt the Indochina fighting. The original French proposal called for complete withdrawal of all Communist forces from Cambodia and Laos and for the grouping of all military forces ih Viet Nam, the third and largest Indochinese state, in areas to be agreed omby the Geneva conference. but equal” doctrine, Chief Justice Warren wrote: “We come then to the question presented:    Does    segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other ‘tangible’ factors may be equal, deprive the children of the minority group of equal education opportp-nities? We believe that it does.” Look to Effects Warren said the court’s decision “cannot turn on merely a comparison of these tangible factors in the Negro and white schools involved.” He added: “We must look instead to the effect of segregation itself on public education.” Defenders Used All Ammo, Then Quit Sun P. M. 82  ..... 83    ...... 83    ...... «4    ..... 83    ..... 80 ...... 77    ...... 75    ...... n 1:30 2:30 3; 3« 4:30 5:3(1 8:30 7:30 8:30 9:30 Mon. A. M. 88 88 67 67 60 66 «8 71 75 78 81 83 70        30    ........ 69      U:»    ....... «7      12:30    ....... High and low temperatures for 24 hours ended at 6:30 am-: s>3 and <>3-Sunset last niftht 7:31 p.m. Sunrise today |:10 a.m. Sunset tom«ht 7:32 p.m. Barometer readio» at 12:» P m. 28.10. Relative humidity at 12:» p.m. 51 per ^Maximum temperature for the 24 hours •nded at 8:» a.m.: 85. Minimum temperature for the 24 hours snded at 6;30 a.m.: 66. HANOI, Indochina <&—'The valiant French Union defenders of Dien Bien Phu fought their Communist-led assailants furiously and without letup until all their ammunition was gone. Then, as one by one their guns fell silent over the remnant of the fortress bunkers, they carried out Brig. Gen. „Christian de Castries’ last order—“Give up when you can no longer fight.” This account of the fortress’ last hours on May 7 was given to newsmen last night by three badly wounded survivors of the epic siege, part of the contingent of 11 casualties released by the Viet-minh rebels before the airlift evacuation was suspended Saturday. At Hanoi’s overcrowded Lanes-san Military Hospital they said both Brig. Gen. Christifen de Cas tries, their heroic garrison commander, and the only woman in the fortress, air force nurse Genevieve de Galard Terraube of Paris, both were captives of the Viet-minh. Neither was wounded, the trio said. All three men lay badly wounded with some 1.400 others in the battered. shell-torn fortress’ underground hospital while the human tidal waves of rebels swept over in the final engulfing blows. His right leg badly shattered by Vietminh fire. Pfc. Marcel Cham-pougny said he thought the last hours of fighting would never end. “It seemed like there were thousands of shells and machine-gun bullets hitting against the hospital bunker. “Some of them buried some of the wounded alive as the Vietminh just fired over everything they had. “From outside we could hear the wild screaming of the Vietminh and the answering cries of the French as everybody fought viciously, hand to hand. “At times a soldier would tumble into the hospital bunker, badly wounded, and say he was out of ammunition.” That was the way every defender fought, said Champougny—until he no longer had anything to fight with. “De Castries’ last order to the men in his bunker,” Champougny continued, “was ‘Give up when you can no longer fight.’ To do anything else would have been butchery.” •Jhe private said about 6 o’clock that Friday night the shooting suddenly died out on the battlefield and “then everyone knew the battle was over." Miss de Galard, he continued, was still bravely ministering to the wounded in the hospital bunker as the rebels rushed in. There was no attack made on the wpunded men, he continued. Instead, the Vietminh announced all were captives of Ho Chi Minh, the rebels’ Moscow-trained chief. Their captors, said Champougny, were almost apologetic. One Vietminh officer declared in French: “Ho Chi Minh and we are fighting for our country. There are things worse than that, and we are no worse than others. You are now prisoners and will get the attention prisoners of war deserve.” Some of the rebel soldiers in lheir mud-caked uniforms were laughing hysterically, but none attempted to mistreat any of the French wounded. Nor did Champougny, after he was carried out to the battlefield, see any rebels mistreat any of the unwounded—reportedly 8,000—they rounded up. Champougny said Miss de Galard disappeared for awhile after the invaders entered the hospital section “but I saw her come back to help the wounded, and later she was taken away by the Vietminh.” “She looked as brave and unafraid and courageous as ever.” Later, Champougny said, he was carried out of the bunker to the battlefield. There “I saw Gen. de Castries in his inud-stained: battledress, still wearing his red Spahis overseas cap, jauntily and calmly walk between two heavily armed Vietminh soldiers to a jeep. “He climbed into the jeep — which the Vietminh had captured from the French — and was taken away.” Champougny said for three days after the fall of the fortress, the Vietminh had held the garrison’s score or so of French army doctors captive, away from the wounded, but then permitted them to return and treat their men. / Meanwhile, Vietminh doctors had tried to ease the French. The rebels made tents for them out of captured parachutes, and the French air force began parachuting food and medical supplies to them.    1 Edgar who said Texas would comply but that such compliance would require careful legal guidance. Atty. Gen. John Ben Shepperd said he could not comment until he had read the full opinion of the high court. To Intensify Study Texas in 1953 had 1,485,055 white and 222,414 Negro school children. That is about one out of seven. The governor said he would ask the State Education Agency to “intensify” its study of the problems relating to ending segregation so that proper recommendations can be made to the next regular session of the legislature. Shivers said the Supreme Court ruling on time and method of enforcement, still to be announced, are “all important.” t “I hope that it can be worked out so as not to cause damage to the school children and that the children themselves will not be placed at a disadvantage,” he said. Problem Tremendous “Sometimes those who seek reforms go so far that the evils of the reform movement are more ornerous than the evils they’? a trying to remedy,” Shivers said. He said the problems are “by no means insurmountable." But he said the problem is too tremendous to solve in days or weeks or months. “Just saying ‘we abolish segregation’ doesn’t cure,” he said. “It doesn’t accomplish anything. What is going to be done about enforcing it is the important thing. “I don’t think anyone can estimate the seriousness of this decision—what it will cost—what it will do to the curriculum.” May Need Amendment The governor said whether it will take an amendment to tha state Constitution to comply in Texas is a legal question for the Legislature or the attorney general to pass on. Until the Supreme Court completes its decision as to how and when enforcement is to be accomplished, Shivers said, “I know of nothing that can be done immediately except to intensify our study.” WHAT'S NEWS ON INSIDE PAGES PUkNS?— Ike visits form; is he planning to setti« down in 1956.—Poge 3-A. GOLF — Winner of Abilene Open golf tourney Sunday is $1,000 richer.—Poge 12-A. GRAND JURY — Twenty-two criminal cases are scheduled for investigation by grand jurors here today. Poge l-B. NAB BID—More speeders are arrested on Abilene area highways than all other traffic violators combined.—Page 1 -B. ;