Abilene Reporter News, May 8, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

May 08, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, May 8, 1954

Pages available: 30

Previous edition: Friday, May 7, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, May 9, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

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Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - May 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas Partly Cloudy Possible Showers ©je Ifoflew Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 325 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 8, 1954 —EIGHT PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c LAST WORD FROM DIEN BIEN PHU 'Vive la France/ Messages De Castries and Radio Dies PARIS (#)—1This is the official record of the last communication between the commander of the fortress at Dien Bien Phu and his superior at Hanoi, as reported by the French News Agency from an official document: Gen. Christian de Castries, fortress commander, at 5 p.m. local time: “The situation is extremely grave. The fighting is confused and is raging everywhere. I feel the end approaching but we will fight on to the end.” Gen. Rene Cogny, French commander in northern Indochina: “I understand. You will fight on to the end. There is no question of raising the white flag over Dien Bien Phu after your heroic resistance.” De Castries: “I understand. We will destroy the cannons and all the radio equipment. The radio transmitter will be destroyed at 5:30 p.m. We will fight on to the end. Au revoir, mon general. Vive la France.” ‘Commander’ Taken The Red leaders of the Vietminh won a resounding military and political victory in the savage 20-hour battle that engulfed the fortress. A rebel broadcast monitored in Hong Kong claimed the “commander of Dien Bien Phu” and about 17 companies of French Union troops fell into Vietminh hands when the last defenses caved in. The radio did not name Brig Gen. Christian de Castries, but the reference to “commander” indicated the heroic leader had survived. The broadcast gave no word as to the fate of pretty 29-year-old Genevieve de Galard Terraube, French air force nurse who had been trapped in Dien Bien Phu since March. Debate on Indochina Begins; Ike Calls Talk BRIG. GEN. DE CASTRIES ... “we will fight to the end” Dirksen Has Speed-up Plan By JACK BELL WASHINGTON UP>-Sen. Dirksen (R-I1I) said today he will ask the Senate Investigations subcommittee for a showdown vote Monday on a “concrete proposal which, if adopted, should end the McCarthy-Army hearings very soon.” Although Dirksen declined to supply any details in an interview, GOP members of the inquiry group canvassed with Republican Policy Committee members at a secret meeting last night the prospects of limiting further testimony in the spectacular probe primarily to Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and Secretary of the Army Stevens. One Republican senator, who asked not to be named publicly, said the informal decision was made to urge White House officials to bring pressure on Stevens to agree to some such compromise. This senator said Stevens was balking at telescoping the hearings but predicted some compromise might be reached over the week end. Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch, who turned down a similar proposal earlier in the week, would not indicate in advance the Defense Department’s attitude toward any new move of this kind. “I guess I’d better comment on that when it comes up Monday,” he said. But Sen. McClellan (Ark), senior subcommittee Democrat, served Abilene Couple Hurt In Collision Here Of Auto and Pickup Mr. and Mrs. Thurman Averett Price, 1226 Park Avenue, were injured slightly when their pickup collided with a car driven by Hoyle Williams, Odessa, about 11 p.m. Friday. Mrs. Price is believed to have suffered a fractured leg. Hendrick Memorial Hospital reported her condition as “fair.” Price was admitted to the hospital with minor sprains and bruises. His condition, said hospital attendants, is good. Price was in the process of turning east from Mockingbird onto South 1st. and W'illiams was traveling west on South 1st. when the collision occurred. Williams was uninjured. City policemen Walter Wood and William E. Dewberry investigated the wreck. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER Bt EKAl! ABILENE AND VICINITY-Partly cloudy and mUd with chance for scattered light showers today, tonight and Sunday. High temperature today near 75, low tonight near 60. high Sunday near 80. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Considerable cloudincsa. warmer Sunday and In north portion today and in north we#t portion this afternoon. WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Warmer tonight and in the Panhandle and South Plains this afternoon. EAST TEXAS — Partly cloudy this afternoon. tonight and Sunday. No important temperature changes. Gentle to moderate northeast to east winds on the coast, becoming southeast by Sunday SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Moderate to locally fresh east to southeast winds on the coast. TEMPERATURES Frl. P.M.    Sat.    A.M. 70 ............ 1:30       55 71        2:30      55 73      3:30      55 59      4:30       55 70 ............ 5:30      55 «9      6:30      56 65      7:30      58 63       8:30      60 60      9:30      65 59       10:30      — 58      11:30      — 57      12:30      — High and low temperatures for 24 hours ended at 6.30 a.m.: 72 and 52. High and low temperatures same date last years 99 and 60. Sunset last night 7:24; sunrtse today 6:46s sunset tonight 7:25. Barometer reading at 9:10 ami.; 26.21. notice there is likely to be Democratic opposition to any sudden narrowing of the hearings which have brought Stevens to the witness stand on each of 12 days to reiterate charges against McCarthy and defend himself from the Wisconsin senator’s counter accusations. Stevens testified yesterday in an abbreviated hearing that McCarthy and his aides subjected him to “exceedingly serious” threats in an effort to get preferential Army treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former McCarthy investigative consultant. McCarthy called for a word-by-word recounting of the threats while pushing his contention that Stevens and others were using Schine in an effort to halt McCarthy’s Communist investigations at Ft. Monmouth. These are the principal charges and counter-charges—each denied by the other side—which the subcommittee is investigating. McClellan Firm With Stevens ordered back to the stand when hearings resume Monday, McClellan said that he doesn’t see “how the committee in good conscience can deny any principal the right to testify.” The New York Daily News, in a Washington dispatch, said that the Dirksen plan would have McCarthy following Stevens on the stand Monday and that “formal charges” involving Adams and Cohn would be dropped. Along with McCarthy, Roy M. Cohn, his chief counsel, and Francis Carr, his chief of staff, have been named as principals. Besides Stevens, principals on the other side are Army Counselor John G. Adams and H. Struve Hensel, assistant secretary of defense. Only Stevens has been questioned at any length so far. McCarthy said before leaving for weekend speeches ‘ in Wisconsin that, as far as he is concerned, he is willing to abide by any decision the subcommittee makes on shortening the hearings. “I would be willing to go on the stand and stay on it as long as they want to question me,” he said. “Anything less than that would not be fair to Stevens.”Jury Bills 7 Persons in Loan Cases LUBBOCK, May 8-lndictments on alleged VA housing loan frauds were returened Saturday morning here by a federal grand jury against seven persons. Indicted were Weldon L. Russell Jr., Taylor W. Long Jr., Raymond Thomason Sr., W. 0. Hayter Jr., Helen McMurry, Raymond Thomason Jr., and Monty Don Thomason. A total of nine indictments were returned, U.S. Dist. Atty. Heard Floore said. The grand jury hasn’t completed its investigation of the alleged housing loan fraud cases which were placed before it several days ago. A no-bill was returned in the case of Ocie S. Leveridge. i All of the Saturday indictments were against one defendant each, except that Russell and Long were involved in the same indictment. The court set arguments on motions for Tuesday at 2 p.m. A petit jury has been summoned for Wednesday morning. Britain Boots 2 Red Envoys LONDON t/P»—Britain announced today she had ordered fhe expulsion of two Russian diplomats because of attempted espionage. A Foreign Office spokesman declared the government yesterday gave two assistant military air attaches at the Soviet Embassy 10 days in which to quit the country. He said the two men had “abused their diplomatic status in the United Kingdom by attempting to engage in espionage.” The spokesman identified the two men as: Maj. Ivan Pupyshev, arrived in Britain in 1951, married with ore child. Maj. Andrei Gudkov, arrived in Britain in 1951, married, with two children. The spokesmen told reporters at a news conference that atomic secrets were not involved in the alleged attempted espionage.Cease Fire Plans Under Consideration By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA WV-East-West talks to end the war in Indochina opened today. The long-awaited negotiations began at 4:30 p.m. with nine delegations taking part. Final decision w'as reached less than an hour before starting time. A Big Three plan for a cease-fire line in Indochina was reported to be under consideration in Geneva and Washington, but indications were that no firm decision had been reached. The American position on the fall of Dien Bien Phu was said to be that a battle has been lost but not a war. The losses to the Communists were reported officially to have been enormous. The Communists were expected to propose immediately the expansion of the parley to include several Asian countries, including India, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines. All the major procedural questions apparently have been agreed upon. Eden and Russia’s Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov will preside on alternate days. It was understood that the opening session would be devoted primarily to getting the Indochina phase of the parley organized. The initial procedure is expected to follow that of the Korean talks where the opening session lasted only a half hour. Western delegates do not expect to get a clue to the Communist position until the second session. It was generally believed it would become apparent in the first major speech by the Communists whether there is any chance of an Indochina peace. The fall of Dien Bien Phu naturally eliminated what was to have been a preliminary for discussion —a cease-fire for the removal of sick and wounded. BITTER GLOOM SPREADS French Soldiers Pledge To Keep Fighting RedsNursing Home Fire Kills 3 HOUSTON on — Three elderly women were dead today, victims of a fire which gutted a frame nursing home here. Another woman and two men suffered minor burns in the fire yesterday that caused an estimated $10,000 damage at the Alabama Convalescent Home in Southeast Houston. The dead were identified as: Mrs. Emma Glass, 80, Houston. Mrs. Mae Veazel, 80, Houston. Mrs. Annie Seelhurst, 64, Humble. Hugh A. Lawrence. 73, Irving Stephens, 77, and Miss Mary Williams, 68, were the injured. PARIS iPi—France was plunged into gloom today by her shattering defeat at Dien Bien Phu but the military vowed to keep battling the Communist-led foe in Indochina. The loss of the bastion and its thousands of defenders on the eve of Indochina negotiations in Geneva raised speculation that Premier Joseph Laniel’s government might fall. In Saigon, Gen. Henri Navarre, commander of French forces in Indochina, issued a terse order of the day saying “the fight continues” despite the serious setback. 2,000 Annihilated The Communist radio in Peiping claimed the attacking masses annihilated almost 2,000 French Union troops who tried to break out of Isabelle, an outpost three miles south of De Castries’ headquarters bunkers. It was not known what happened to the hundreds of wounded lying in dank dugouts in the heart of the fortress. The Communists had turned a deaf ear to all French pleas for a temporary truce to evacuate the casualties by air. The French delegation to Geneva formally accused the Communists of stalling on Indochina negotiations until Dien Bien Phu could be seized. In Paris, Premier Laniel and Defense Minister Rene Pleven were booed and hissed when they showed up at ceremonies celebrating the German defeat in World War II. The burning issue of France's Indochina policy is expected to come before the National Assembly again next week. With deputies already demanding the scalps of those responsible for the worst defeat in seven years of Indochina warfare, the debate easily cbuld MCCORMICK IS HOST Manion, Wood Top ’America’ Group; Election Plans Laid CHICAGO t/P)—A new organisa- i participation in World War II be- MEETING IN SAN ANTONIO Anti-Shivers Young Democrats Receive 'Blessing' From Adlai tion which was founded to “combat super-internationalism and communism” has announced it will enter the fall congressional elections. The organization, called “For America,” was founded yesterday at a meeting in the Chicago Club. The founders said it was not a new political party, but that the organization will enter the fall elections “to fight within both parties for congressmen and senators who have the same principles” as the new group. The host at the luncheon at which the new unit was formed was Col. Robert R. McCormick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune. The Tribune in recent months has been publishing a series of articles reporting sentiment among people throughout the nation in favor of political realignment. Clarence E. Manion, former dean of the University of Notre Dame Law School, and Robert E. Wood, retired chairman of Sears, Roebuck and Co., were named co-chairmen. Wood headed the America First committee, which opposed U. S. By MAC ROY RASOR SAN ANTONIO W-Texas’ loyalist Young Democrats, defiant of Gov. Allan Shivers’ senior party leadership, opened their 2nd annual convention here today with the “good wishes” of national party leader Adlai Stevenson. The Democrats’ unsuccessful presidential nominee sent his wishes by telegram. It set the stage for the convention “pledged to the national party.” Gov. Shivers opposed Stevenson in a break with the national party two years ago. Second Meeting The state convention is the second held in the name of Young Democrats this year. The first was held In Mineral Wells in February but Loyalists refused to attend it, contending it was dominated by the “Shivers machine.” Nearly 100 delegates registered yesterday and today’s registrations were expected to boost the total to near the 200 mark. They represent 30 clubs from over the state. Ralph Yarborough, Austin attorney and one of the candidates op posing Shivers in the governor’s race, was to speak at noon. Resolutions were expected to condemn cross-filing of candidates under the label of more than one party and to oppose Shivers’ candidacy on the Democratic ticket. Shivers was among numerous state officials who permitted Republicans to cross file their names on the ballot two years ago. Sorry He Can’t Come In his telegram, Stevenson told the Loyalists he regretted that circumstances made it impossible for him to attend their meeting. “But I send my warmest good wishes for a successful convention,” he said. His telegram added: “The prospect of a Democratic victory this fall presents a tremendous challenge to young and old, but I have no doubt as to the outcome of our common efforts to make the traditional faith of the Democratic party in freedom, in justice and in opportunity living and .blazing reality for all Americans.” A letter from Sen. Estes Kefauv-er also sent warm regards to the convention. He said in part: “If we are to be successful in the future, we must remain the party of liberalism and constructive ideas. 1 know the Young Democrats of Texas will do their share toward that end.” In another letter state Agriculture Commissioner John C. White wished the convention delegates success in their “continued work in and for the Democratic party.” Bolling Speaks Tonight Rep. Richard Bolling, Kansas City, Mo., chairman and keynote speaker of the national convention of Young Democrats last November, will address the convention tonight in a session open to the public. It was at the November convention that both factions of Texas’ Young Democrats were refused seats on grounds that neither qualified fully under national rules. New state officers for the Loyalists are to be elected at the convention's closing session Sunday morning. Their state president, Bill McKnight of Dallas, resigned last February, claiming the group was “too liberal” for him.Rites Today For Youth Funeral for Travis Kay Wright, 19, Abilene youth killed in a wreck south of Snyder Friday, was to be held at 3 p.m. Saturday in South-side Baptist Church. Dr. Frank Royal, pastor, was to officiate, assisted by the Rev. W. C. Ashford, retired Baptist minister. Burial was set for Elmwood Memorial Park under the direction of Laughter-North Funeral Home. Wright was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Claude Wright, 1110 Palm St. His father is division chief clerk for Humble Oil and Refining Co. The youth was killed Friday at 11:25 a.m. in a car-truck collision at the intersection of Farm-to-Mar-ket Road 1606 and State Highway 101. Wright's 1954 Ford was involved in a collision with an E. M. Little and Son truck-trailer loaded with pipe and driven by Curtis Eugene Green, 27, of 633 Cypress St. Green and another passenger in the truck were uninjured. Besides his parents, survivors include two younger brothers, Marvin and Allen, and several aunts and uncles. fore Pearl Harbor. Manion re signed as head of a government commission after he spoke in favor of the Bricker amendment, which would have placed controls on treaty making. Members of the organizing committee are Burton Wheeler, former Democratic senator from Montana; John T. Flynn, New York author; Howard Buffett, former Nebraska congressman; Hamilton Fish, former Republican congressman from New York, and Manion. Daniel Rice, Chicago broker, was named treasurer. Fish told newsmen that the new organization is “no third party.” He said it $ill be nonpartisan, that it will take an active role in the November elections and will “fight within both parties” for candidates who share the views of the new unit. Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis), in Milwaukee for a speaking engagement, said the new organization apparently is made up “of a good bunch of Americans from the names I’ve read.” He told newsmen: “I think it would be very healthy some time to get a realignment of parties so there would be no extreme right or left wing in either the Republican or Democrat party.” result in a new government upset. News of Dien Bien Phu's collapse had been expected almost every day since fighting for the north Indochina fortress started nearly two months ago. But the headlines, when they came, struck a har<^ blow at French morale and increased demands for peace—at almost any price. The cry that some way out of the 7-year-old war must be found was once popular only among Communists. Recently it had become shrill and insistent from many quarters. The government came in for severe criticism on Indochina policy in assembly debate this week. With the gallant defenders of Dien Bien Phu still holding out and the talks about to start in Geneva, however, the disgruntled deputies hesitated in throwing out Laniel and his Cabinet. A hunt for scapegoats will reopen the question. Already one deputy has announced that he wants the government to say who was responsible for the Dien Bien Phu defeat. U. S. Reaction Considerable attention here was directed toward U. S. reaction to the setback In Washington, several members of the U. S. Congress spoke out again in favor of plans for united action as insurance against fur ther Communist advances in AsiaSfaff Mum; Indochina The Topic! By JOHN M. HIGHTOWER WASHINGTON Uft - President Eisenhower met with his top Strategy advisers for an hour and a half today in an Unusual Saturday session and presumably a major topic was what the United States should do about the Indochina crisis. Those who were called to the White House, members of the National Security Council, left by back doors and the President’s office made no announcement of what decisions, if any, were reached. The Eisenhower administration is considering defense commitments for Southeast Asia which ‘might involve the use of armed force” to block Communist conquest of that rich, strategic area. But under “present conditions” the administration has no intention of sending American forces to fight in the war in Indochina. A “suitable basis” for such action is lacking. These basic points of administration approach to the Indochina crisis were laid down by Secretary of State Dulles last night in a nation-wide broadcast only hours after news of the fall of Dien Bien Phu reached the American capital. Action Asked Word that Communist besiegers had finally overrun-the Indochina fortress brought calls from a number of U.S. leaders for new efforts toward united action against Red Secretary of State Dulles empha-1 aggression in Southeast Asia. \ sized that the Eisenhower admin-I President Eisenhower messaged lstration did not plan to send I President Rene Coty of France American forces to fight in Indochina under “present conditions.”Area May Gel Showers Mild weather with possible scattered light showers is predicted for Abilene and vicinity this week end. The U. S. Weather Bureau here said the highest temperature Saturday would be near 75, the lowest Saturday night about 60 and the highest Sunday about 80. Texas generally had rising temperatures and a spotty cloud cover Saturday. North and central portions of the state were partly cloudy. Far west and coastal areas were clear. Temperatures ranged from 50 at Lubbock and Amarillo to 70 at Brownsville and Corpus Christi. Only rain reported since midnight was at Waco. A light sprinkle fell there early Saturday morning. 2 Amarillo (ops Face Perjury Charge; Jury Raps City Council Vernon Captain Dies in Crash SUMTER, S. C. Ub -The Air Force yesterday identified two flyers killed in the crash of an RB57 training plane. They were Capt. Leroy B. Nelson, 30, of Vernon, Tex., and Capt. Kenneth R. Branson, 31, Ariton, Ala. Nelson’s widow lives at Shaw Air Force Base, where he was stationed. AMARILLO OB -The Potter County grand jury yesterday indicted two Amarillo police officers on charges of perjury and charged the city commission “has wholly failed” to follow the jury’s recommendations that “four high-ranking members of the city police department” be dismissed. The charges of perjury were brought against J. L. King, chief of city detectives, and C. E. Hodges, chief of the auto theft division. King has been a member of the department about 15 years. Hodges has been with the force about three years. The city commission, in a prepared statement, last night named the four officers recommended by the grand jury for dismissal. The four are Chief of Police Sid Harper, Captain Jack Raymond, King and Hodges. Separate indictments against King and Hodges alleged in substance that they filed to give grand juries the truthful account of what happened to a $200 gift received in connection with the recovery by police of some $2,000 taken from the Nelson Drug Store last Dec. 23. In connection with the same case, the grand jury indicted Frank Borelli on charges of felony theft. In making their report, members of the jury asked that they be aHowed to remain in service until the term expires at midnight Saturday. The return of the indictment capped an investigation that began some three months ago and reached a period of intense activity about a week ago. The jury held several night sessions interrogating scores of witnesses and met several times with the city commission and city manager. The city commission in the prepared statement said “the recommendation was that the city commission ask resignations from the four members of the police department, but not having concrete evidence which would support such an action, the recommendations was necessarily denied.” that Dien Bien Phu defenders should know “that no sacrifice of theirs has been in vain; that the free world will remain faithful to the causes for which they have so nobly fought.” He sent similar word to the Viet Nam chief of state, Bao Dai, in whose land lies the fallen fortress. Eisenhower summoned a special Council today for a purpose not announced, but virtually certain to include discussion of Indochina. The Council is the nation’s top strategy body. It will meet at 8:30 a.m. EST. . Dulles, a Security Council member, used an informal “fireside chat” approach to his television and radio audience last night, making small changes in his prepared text as he went along but not altering the general tenor of his talk. Dulles Confident He expressed confidence that discussions now under way with 10 ’ friendly nations — Britain and France among them on the defense of Southeast Asia will result in a free world coalition that will rock Communist aggression there. But he cautioned: “This common defense may involve serious commitments by us all. But free people will never remain free unless they are willing to fight for their vital interests.” So far as the United States is concerned, Dulles said that entering into such commitment is possible only on two conditions: 1. Congressional approval would have to be given. Congress, he said, “is a full partner” with the administration in any such enterprise. 2. Other free nations would have to join the pledge and share the burden. In Dulles’ words, there would have to be “an adequate collective effort based on genuine mutuality of purpose in defending vital interests.” Dulles made a distinction between the long range problem of securing Southeast Asia generally against Red conquest and dealing now with the war which is actively under way in the Indochina State of Viet Nam. Abilenian Among League Winners; Finals Under Way AUSTIN (/Pi—Texas’ best high school debaters, editorial writers and shorthand artists were being decided in Interscholastic League literary trials today. The 44th annual league meet will dose tonight with finals in Class B one-act plays. Dan Connell of Abilene won first place in Conference AA ready writing yesterday with Kerstin Ekfelt, Bryan, second. The best newspaper feature story writer was Ann Albro, San Angelo. Other winners in literary competition included: Slide rule: Conference AA: 1. Alice Carmichael, KerrviUc; 2. Jack Furman, Kerrville. Extemporaneous speech: Conference AA: (Boys) 1. Donald Brand, Stephen F. Austin, Austin; 2. Joe Garrison, Lubbock; 3. Frank White, Beaumont. (Girls) 1. Nancy Goosby, Milby, Houston; 2. Pat Dawson, Waco; 3. June Dickerson, Midland. ;