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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - May 8, 1954, Abilene, Texas Partly Cloudy Possible Showers Abilene EVENING "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 325 Associated (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, MAY 8, PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOe LAST WORD FROM DIEN BIEN PHU 'Vive la Messages De Castries and Radio Dies PARIS is the official record of the last communication between the commander of the for- tress at Dien Bien Phu and his superior at Hanoi, as. reported by the French News Agency from an official document: Gen. Christian de Castries, for- tress commander, at 5 p.m. local time: "The situation is extremely grave. The fighting is confused asd is raging everywhere. I feel the end approaching on to the end." but we will fight Gen. Rene Cogny, French com- mander in northern Indochina: ''I understand. You will fight on to the end. There is no question of raising the white flag over Dien Bien Phu after your heroic resist- ance." De Castries: "I understand. We will, destroy the cannons and all the radio equipment. The radio transmitter will be destroyed at p.m. We will fight on to the end. Au revoir, mon general. Vive la France." 'Commander' Taken The Red leaders of the Vietminh won a resounding military and po- litical victory in the savage 20- hour battle that engulfed the for- tress. A rebel broadcast monitored in Hong Kong claimed the "com- mander of Dien Bien Phu" and about 17 companies of French Un- ion troops fell into Vietminh hands when the last defenses caved in. The radio did not name Brig. Gen. Christian de Castries, but the reference to "commander" indica- ted the heroic leader had survived. The broadcast gave no word as to the fate of pretty 29-year-old Genevieve de Galard Terraube, French air force nurse who had been trapped ia Dien Bien Phu since March. BRIG. GEN. DE CASTRIES "we will fight to the end" Dirksen Has Speed-up Plan By JACK BELL WASHINGTON ISV-Sen. Dirksen (R-I11) said today he will ask the Senate Investigations subcommit- tee for a showdown vote Monday on a "concrete proposal which, if adopted, should end the McCarthy- Army hearings very soon." Although Dirksen declined to supply any details in an interview, GOP members of the inquiry group canvassed with Republican Policy Committee members at a secret meeting last night the pros- pects of limiting further testimony in the spectacular probe primarily to Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) and Secretary of the Army Stevens. One Republican senator, who asked not to be named publicly, said the informal decision was made, to urge White House officials to bring pressure on Stevens to agree to some such compromise. This senator said Stevens was balking at telescoping the hearings but predicted some compromise might be reached over the week end. i Army Counsel Joseph N. Welch, who turned down a similar pro- posal earlier in the week, would not indicate in advance the De- fense Department's attitude to- ward any new move of this kind. "I guess I'd better comment on that when it comes up he said. But Sen. McClellan senior subcommittee Democrat, served Abilene Couple Hud In Collision Here Of Auto and Pickup Mr. and Mrs. Thurman Averett Price, 1226 Park Avenue, were in- jured slightly when their pickup collided with a car driven by Hoyle Williams, Odessa, about 11 p.m. Friday. Mrs. Price is believed to have suffered a fractured leg. Hendrick Memorial Hospital reported her condition as "fair." Price was admitted to the hos- pital with minor sprains and bruises. His condition, said hos- pital attendants, is good. Price was in the process of turn- ing east from Mockingbird onto South 1st. and Williams was trav- eling west on South 1st. when the collision occurred. Williams was uninjured. v City policemen Walter Wood and William E. Dewberry investigated the wreck. THE WEATHER r.S. DEPARTMENT OF C03IMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND cloudy and mild with chance for scattered light showers today, tonight and Sunday. High temperature today near 75. low tonight near 60, high Sunday near 80. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Consider- able cloudiness, warmer Sunday and in north portion today and in northwest portion this afternoon. WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy to cloudy this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Warmer tonight ?nd in the Panhandle and South Plains this afternoon. EAST TEXAS Partly cloudy this after- noon, tonight and Sunday. No important temperature changes. Gentle to moderate northeast to cast winds ot the coast, be- coming southeast by Sunday. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy and warm this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. Moderate 10 locally fresh cast to southeast winds on the coast TEMPERATURES Fri. P.M. Sat. A.M. 70 55 71 55 72 55 U 55 It 55 69 56 65 SB 63 60 60 .65 59 57 High and low temperatures for 24 houn tnded at a.m.: 72 and 52. Hifh and low temperatures same date last year: 99 and 60. Sqrufi last nlKht sunrise today sunset tonight Barometer rudjac at Ija.: yt.lt. notice there is likely to be Demo- cratic opposition to any sudden narrowing of the hearings which have brought Stevens to the wit- ness stand on each of 12 days to reiterate charges against Mc- Carthy and defend himself from the Wisconsin senator's counter ac- cusations. Stevens testified yesterday in an abbreviated hearing that Mc- Carthy and his aides subjected him to "exceedingly serious" threats in an effort to get prefer- ential Army treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former McCarthy investigative consultant. McCarthy called for a word-by- word recounting of the threats while pushing his .contention that Stevens and others were using Schine in an effort to halt Mc- Carthy's Communist investigations at Ft. Monmouth. These are the principal charges and denied by the other the sub- committee is investigating. McClellan Firm With Stevens ordered back to the stand when hearings resume Mon- day, McClellan said that he doesn't see "how the committee in good conscience can deny any principal the right to testify." The New York Daily News, in a Washington dispatch, said that the Dirksen plan would have McCar- thy following Stevens on the stand Monday and that "formal charges" involving Adams and Cohn would be dropped. Along with McCarthy, Roy M. Cohn, his chief counsel, and Fran- cis Carr, his chief of staff, have been named as principals. Besides Stevens, principals on the other side are Army Counselor John G. Adams and H. Struve Hensel, as- sistant secretary of defense. Only Stevens has been questioned at any length so far. McCarthy said before leaving for weekend speeches'in Wisconsin that, as far as he is concerned, he is willing to abide by any decision the subcommittee makes on short- ening the hearings. "I would be willing to go on the stand and stay on it as long as they want to question he said. "Anything less than that would not be fair to Stevens." Jury Bills 7 Persons in Loan Cases LUBBOCK, May on alleged VA housing loan frauds were returened Saturday morning here by a federal grand jury against seven persons. Indicted were Weldon L. Russell Jr., Taylor W. Long Jr., Raymond Thomason Sr., W. 0. Hayter Jr., Helen McMurry, Raymond Thoma- son Jr., and Monty Don Thomason. A total of nine indictments were returned, U.S. Dist. Atty. Heard Floore said. The grand jury hasn't completed its investigation of the alleged housing loan fraud cases which were placed before it several days ago. A no-bill was returned in the case of Ocie S. Leveridge. All of the Saturday indictments were against one defendant each, except that Russell and Long were involved in the same indictment. The court set arguments on mo- tions for Tuesday at 2 p.m. A petit jury has been summoned for Wednesday morning. Britain Boots 2 Red Envoys LONDON announced today she had ordered the expul- sion of two Russian diplomats be- cause of attempted espionage. A Foreign Office spokesman de- clared the government yesterday gave two assistant military ah- at- taches at the Soviet Embassy 10 days in which to quit the country. He said the two men had "abused their diplomatic status in the United Kingdom by attempting to engage in espionage." The spokesman identified the two men as: Maj. Ivan Pupyshev, arrived in Britain in 1951, married with ore child. Maj. Andrei Gudkov, arrived in Britain in 1951, married, with two children. The spokesmen told reporters at a news conference that atomic se- crets were not involved in the al- leged attempted espionage. Debate on Indochina Begins; Ike Calls Talk Cease Fire Plans Under Consideration By EDDY GILMORE GENEVA IB-East-West talks to end the war in Indochina opened today. The long-awaited negotiations be- gan at p.m. with nine delega- tions taking part. Final decision was reached less than an hour be- fore starting time. A Big Three plan for a cease-fire line in Indochina was reported to be under consideration in Geneva and Washington, but indications were that no firm decision had been reached. The American position on the fall of Dien Bien Phu was said to be that a battle has been lost but not a war. The losses to the Com- munists were reported officially to have been enormous. The Communists were expected to propose immediately the expan- sion of the parley to include sev- eral Asian countries, including In- dia, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia and the Philippines. All the major procedural ques- tions apparently have been agreed upon. Eden and Russia's Foreign Minister V. M. Molotov will pre- side on alternate days. It was understood that the open- ing session would be devoted pri- marily to getting the Indochina phase of the parley organized. The initial procedure is expected to follow that of the Korean talks where the opening session lasted 'only a half hour. Western delegates do not expect to get a clue to the Communist position until the secona session. It was generally believed it would become apparent in the first major speech by the Communists whether there is any chance of an Indo- china peace. The fajl of Dien Bien Phu nat- urally eliminated what was to have beeji a preliminary for discussion cease-fire for the removal of sick and wounded. Nursing Home Fire Kills 3 HOUSTON (ft Three elderly women were dead today, victims of a fire which gutted a frame nursing home here. Another woman and two men suffered minor burns in the fire yesterday that caused an estimat- ed damage at the Alabama Convalescent Home in Southeast Houston. The dead were identified as: Mrs. Emma Glass, 80, Houston. Mrs. Mae Veazel, 80, Houston. Mrs. Annie Seelhurst, 64, Hum- ble. Hugh A. Lawrence, 73, Irving Stephens, 77, and Miss Mary Wil- liams, 68, were the injured. MEETING IN SAN ANTONIO Anti-Shivers Young Democrats Receive 'Blessing1 From Adloi By MAC ROY RASOR SAN' ANTONIO UK-Texas' loy- alist Young Democrats, defiant of Gov. Allan Shivers' senior party leadership, opened their 2nd an- nual convention here today with the "good wishes" of national par- ty leader Adlai Stevenson. The Democrats' unsuccessful presidential nominee sent his wish- es by telegram. It set the stage for the conven- tion "pledged to the national party." Gov. Shivers opposed Stevenson in a break with the national party two years ago. Second Meeting The state convention is the sec- ond held in the name of Young Democrats this year. The first was held In Mineral Wells in February but Loyalists refused to attend it, contending it was dominated by the "Shivers.machine." Nearly 100 delegates registered yesterday and today's registrations were expected to boost the total to near the 200 mark. They repre- sent 30 clubs from over the state. Ralph' Yarborough, Austin attor- ney and one of the op- posing Shivers in the governor's race, was to speak at noon. Resolutions were expected to condemn cross-filing ot candidates under the label of more than one party and to oppose Shivers' can- didacy on the Democratic ticket. Shivers was among numerous state officials who permitted Republi- cans to cross-file their names on the ballot two years ago. Sorry He Can't Come In his telegram, Stevenson told the Loyalists he regretted that circumstances made it impossible for him to attend their meeting. "But I send my warmest good wishes for a successful conven- he said. His telegram added: "The prospect of a Democratic victory this fall presents a tremen- dous challenge to young and old, but I have no doubt as to the out- come of our common efforts to make the traditional faith of the Democratic party in freedom, in justice and in opportunity living and .blazing reality for all Ameri- cans." A letter from Sen. Estes Kefauv- er also sent warm regards to the convention. He said in part: "If we are to be successful in the fu- ture, we must remain the party of liberalism and constructive ideas. I know the Young Demo- crats of Texas will do their share toward that end." In another letter state Agricul- ture Commissioner John C. White wished the convention delegates success in their "continued work jn and for the Democratic party." Boiling Speaks Tonight Rep. Richard Boiling, Kansas City, ,-Mo., chairman and keynote speaker of the national convention of Young Democrats. last Novem- ber, will address the convention to- night in a session open to the pub- lic. It was at the November conven- tion that both factions of Texas' Young Democrats were refused seats on grounds that neither qual- ified fully under national rules. New state officers for the Loyal- ists are to be elected at the con- vention's closing session Sunday morning. Their state president, Bill McKnight of Dallas, resigned last February, claiming the group wat "too liberal" for him. BITTER GLOOM SPREADS French Soldiers Pledge To Keep Fighting Reds PARIS was plunged into gloom today by her shattering defeat at Dien Bien Phu but the military vowed to keep battling the Communist-led foe in Indo- china. The loss of the bastion and its thousands of defenders on the eve of Indochina negotiations in Ge- neva raised speculation that Pre- mier Joseph Laniel's government might fall. In Saigon, Gen. Henri Navarre, commander of French forces in Indochina, issued a terse order of the day saying "the fight con- :inues" despite the serious setback. Annihilated The Communist radio in Peiping claimed the attacking masses anni- hilated almost French Union troops who tried to break out of Isabelle, an outpost three miles south of De Castries' headquarters bunkers. It was not known what happened to the hundreds of wounded lying in dank dugouts in the heart of the fortress. The Communists had turned a deaf ear to all French pleas for a temporary truce to evacuate the casualties by air. The French delegation to Geneva formally accused the Communists of stalling on Indochina negotia- tions until Dien Bien Phu could be seized. In Paris, Premier Laniel and Defense Minister Rene Pleven were booed and hissed when they showed up at ceremonies celebrating the German defeat in. World War II. The burning issue of France's Indochina policy is expected to come before the National Assem- bly again next week. With deputies already demanding the scalps of those responsible for the worst de- feat in seven years of Indochina warfare, the debate easily cbuld MCCORMICK IS HOST Man ion, Wood Top'America' Group; Election Plans Laid CHICAGO new organiza- tion which was founded to "combat super-internationalism and com- munism" has announced it will enter the fall congressional elec- tions, The organization, called "For was founded yesterday at a meeting in the Chicago Club. The founders said it was not a new political party, but that the organization will enter the fall elections "to fight within both parties for congressmen and sen- ators who have the same prin- ciples" as the new group. The host at-the_luncheon at which the new unit was formed was Col. Robert R. McCormick, editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune. The Tribune in recent months has been publishing a series of articles reporting senti- ment among people throughout the nation in favor of political re- alignment. Clarence E. Manion, former dean of the University of Notre Dame Law School, and Robert E. Wood, retired chairman of Sears, Roebuck and Co., were named co- chairmen. Wood headed the America First committee, which opposed U. S. Rites Today For Youth Funeral for Travis Kay Wright, 19, Abilene youth killed in a wreck south of Snyder Friday, was to be held at 3 p.m. Saturday in South- side Baptist Church. Dr. Frank Royal, pastor, was to officiate, assisted by the Rev. W. C. Ashford, retired Baptist minis- ter. Burial was set for Elmwood Memorial Park under the direction of Laughter-North Funeral Home. Wright was the son of Mr. and Mrs. William Claude Wright, 1110 Palm St. His father is division chief clerk for Humble Oil and Re- fining Co. The youth was killed Friday at a.m. in a car-truck collision at the intersection of Farm-to-Mar- ket Road 1606 and State Highway 101. Wright's 1954 Ford was involved in a collision with an E. M. Little and Son truck-trailer loaded with pipe and driven by Curtis Eugene Green, 27, of 633 Cypress St. Green and another passenger in the truck were uninjured. Besides his parents, survivors in- clude two younger brothers, Mar- vin and Allen, and several aunts and uncles. Vernon Captain Dies in Crash SUMTER, S. C. W.-The Air Force yesterday identified two fly- ers killed in the .crash of ah RB57 training plane. They were Capt. Leroy B. Nelson, 30, of Vernon, Tex., and Capt. Kenneth R. Bran- son, 31, Ariton, Ala. Nelson's widow lives it Shaw Air Force Base, where he was Uoned, participation in World War n be- fore -Pearl..Harbor. Manion re signed at head of a government commission after he spoke in Jhe Bricker amendment, would have placed controls on treaty making. Members of the organizing com- mittee are Burton Wteeler, former Democratic senator from Mon- tana; John T. Flynn, New York author; Howard Buffett, former Nebraska congressman; Hamilton Fish, former Republican congress- man from New York, and Manion. Daniel Rice, Chicago broker, was named treasurer. Fish told newsmen that the new organization is "no third party." He said it will be nonpartisan, that it will take an active role in the November elections and will "fight within both parties" for candidates who share the views of the new unit. Sen. McCarthy in Mil- waukee for a speaking engage- ment, said the new organization apparently is made up "of a good bunch of Americans from the names I've read." He told news- men: "I think it would be very healthy some time to get a realignment of parties so there would be no ex- treme right or left whig in either the Republican or Democrat parts'." result in a new government upset. News of Dien Bien Phu's col- lapse had been expected almost ev- ery day since fighting for the north :ndochina fortress started nearly wo months ago. But the head- ines, when they came, struck a blow at French morale and increased demands for almost any price. The cry that some way out of the 7-year-old war must be found was once popular only among Com- munists. Recently it had become shrill and insistent from many quarters. The government came in for se- vere criticism on Indochina policy n assembly debate this week. With he gallant defenders of Dien Bien Phu still holding out and the talks about to start in Geneva, however, the disgruntled deputies hesitated throwing out Laniel and his Cabinet. A hunt for scapegoats will re- open the question. Already one deputy has announced that he wants the government to say who was responsible for the Dien Bien Phu defeat. U. S. Reaction Considerable attention here was directed toward U. S, reaction to the setback. In Washington, several members of the U. S. Congress spoke out again in favor of plans for unitec action as insurance against fur ther Communist advances in Asia Secretary of State Dulles empni sized that the Eisenhower admin- istration did not plan to send American forces to fight in Indo- china under "present conditions." Area May Get Showers Mild weather with possible scat- tered light showers is predicted for Abilene and vicinity this week end. The U. S. Weather Bureau here said the highest temperature Sat- urday would be near 75, the low- est Saturday night about 60 and the highest Sunday about 80. Texas generally had rising tem- peratures and a spotty cloud cover Saturday. North and central portions of the state were partly cloudy. Far west and coastal areas were clear. Temperatures ranged from 50 at Lubbock and Amarillo to 70 at Brownsville and Corpus Christi. Only rain reported since mid- night was at Waco. A light sprinkle fell there early Saturday morning. 2 Amarillo Cops Face Perjury Charge; Jury Raps City Council AMARILLO Potter County grand jury yesterday in- dicted two Amarillo police officers on charges of perjury and charged the city commission "has wholly failed" to follow the jury's recom-- mendations that "four high-rank- ing members of the city police de- partment" be dismissed. The charges of perjury were brought against J. L. King, chief of city detectives, and C. E. Hodges, chief of the auto theft divi- sion. King has been a member of the department about 15 years. Hodges has been with the force about three years. The city commission, in a pre- pared statement, last night named the four officers recommended by the grand jury for dismissal. The four are Chief of Police Sid Harp- er, Captain Jack Raymond, King and Hodges. Separate indictments against King and Hodges alleged in sub- stance that they filed to give grand juries the truthful account of what happened to a gift received in connection with the recovery by police -of some taken from the Nelson Drug Store last Dec. 23. In connection with the game case, the grand jury Indicted Frank BoreDi on charges of theft. In making their report, members of the jury asked that they be to remain in service until the term cxpira at midnight Sat- urday. The return of the indictment capped an investigation that began some three months ago and reached a period of intense activ- ity about a week ago. The jury held several night sessions inter- rogating scores of witnesses and met several times with the city commission and city manager. The city commission in the pared statement said "the recom- mendation was that the city com mission ask resignations from the four members of the police depart- ment, but not having concrete evi- dence which would support such an action, the recommendations was necessarily denied." Staff Mum; Indochina The Topic! By JOHN M. HIGHTOWEK WASHINGTON IB President Eisenhower met with his top strat- egy advisers for an hour and a half today in an unusual Saturday session and presumably a major topic was. what the United States should do about the Indochina crisis. Those who were called to the iVhite House, members of the Na- ional Security Council, left by back doors and the President's of- ice made no announcement of what decisions, if any, were reached. The Eisenhower administration is considering defense commit- ments for Southeast Asia which 'might involve the use of armed force" to block Communist con- quest of that rich, strategic area. But under "present conditions" the administration has no intention of sending American forces to fight n the war in Indochina. A "suit- able basis" for such action is acking. These basic points of administra- :ion approach to the Indochina crisis were laid down by Secretary State Dulles last night in a na- tion-wide broadcast only hours aft- er news the fall of Dien Bien Phu reached the American capital. Action Asked Word that Communist besiegers had finally overrun-the Indochina fortress brought calls from a num- ber of U.S. leaders for new efforts toward united action against Red aggression in Southeast Asia. v President Eisenhower' messaged President Rene Coty of Prance that Dien Bien Phu defenders should know "that no sacrifice of theirs has been in vain; that the 'ree world will remain faithful to the causes for which they have so nobly fought." He sent similar word to the Viet Nam chief of state, Bao Dai, in whose land lies the fallen fortress. Eisenhower summoned a special Council today for a purpose not announced, but virtually certain to jiclude discussion of Indochina. The Council is the nation's top itrategy body. It will meet at a.m. EST. Dulles, a Security Council mem- ber, used an informal "fireside chat" approach to his television and radio audience last night, mak- ing small changes in his prepared text as he went along but not al- tering the general tenor of his talk. Dulles Confident He expressed confidence that t discussions now under way with 10 friendly nations Britain and France among them on the de- tense of Southeast Asia will result in a free world coalition that will rock Communist aggression there. But he cautioned: "This common defense may in- volve serious commitments by us all. But free people will never re- main they are willing to fight for their vital interests.'-' So far as the United States is concerned, Dulles said that enter- ing into such commitment is possi- ble only on two conditions: 1. Congressional approval would have to be given. Congress, he said, "is a full partner" with the administration in any such enter- prise. 2. Other free nations would have to join the pledge and share the burden. In Dulles' words, there would have to be "an adequate collective effort based on genuine mutuality of purpose in defending vital interests." Dulles made a distinction be- tween the long range problem of securing Southeast Asia generally against Red conquest and dealing now with the war which is actively under way in the Indochina State of Viet Nam. Abilenian Among League Winners; Finals Under Way AUSTIN Hi-Texas' best high school debaters, editorial writers and shorthand artists were being decided in Interscholastic League literary trials today. The 44th annual league meet win close tonight with fbals in Class B one-act plays. Dan Connell of Abilene won first place in Conference AA ready writ- ing yesterday with Kerstin Ekfelt, Bryan, second. The beit newspaper baton story writer was Ann Albro, San Angelo. Other winners in literary compe- tition included: Slide rule: Conference AA: 1. Alice Carmichael, Kerrville; ,2. Jack Furman, Kerrville. V; Extemporaneous speech: Confer- ence AA: (Boys) 1. Donald Stephen F. Austin', Austin; 3. ,loe Garrison, Lubbock; 3. Frank White, Beaumont. (Girls) 1. Nancy Goosby, Milby, Houston; i Pat Dawson, Waco; 3. JUM Dfckerwo. Midland.
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