Abilene Reporter News, April 21, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

April 21, 1954

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Issue date: Wednesday, April 21, 1954

Pages available: 66

Previous edition: Tuesday, April 20, 1954

Next edition: Thursday, April 22, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 1,005,004

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas WARM AND WINDY Ultnleite Reporter "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES" Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXX1II, No. 309 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING, APRIL 21, 1954—TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c SENATOR CALLED 'LIAR' McCarthy Widens Inquiries On Eve of Public Hearing COUNSELOR COHN . . . under attack By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON UP—The swirling McCarthy-Army row has been broadened, on the eve of the long-heralded public hearings, to include a top defense official and accuse him of trying to head off an investigation for misconduct. The latest charge fired by Sen. McCarthy was that Asst. Secretary of Defense H. Struve Hensel joined with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens and Army Counselor John G. Adams in trying to “discredit” the Senate investigations subcommittee McCarthy heads much of the time since 1941. was named to his present post by President Eisenhower and confirmed by the Senate without objection on Feb. 19. “Bare-faced lies.” he shot back to a statement by McCarthy saying that he was seeking to dodge investigation “for misconduct and possibly for law violations.” He accused the senator of an ‘‘attempted smear ... a diversionary move.” Hensel also challenged McCarthy to repeat his accusations in some forum where he would not have the immunity which covered the for- Hensel, a government official for 1 mal statement to the subcommit- McCarthy Refuses to Tell What He'll Say Here Today HOUSTON OP)— Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy came to an American shrine of battle today to deliver a last-minute speech before the start of his own bitter clash with the Army. He refused to discuss the contents of the speech. But he evidently was attaching more than usual importance to it. Long after midnight, he was still “working like hell on the manuscript,” as a friend sitting beside him put it. McCarthy said earlier he had already dictated a two-hour draft, but hadn't decided how much to retain. He speaks at the site of the Battle of San Jacinto (approximately 3;30 p.m., CST», Here, 118 years ago, a small band of Texans defeated Mexican forces in the third and final battle of Texas’ bid to become an independent nation. Invited by SRT The invitation was extended to McCarthy by the San Jacinto chapter of the Sons of the Republic of Texas. Arrangements were set up in the expectation that thousands of Texans would crowd onto the battle field to hear McCarthy. In addition to regular police, the county sheriff ordered 159 auxiliary deputies to take stations at the site. The controversy that focuses on McCarthy throughout the nation may be even greater in Texas. He has strong supporters here. But University of Texas students protested when it was announced that he would he the speaker on “San Jacinto Day.” They questioned the appropriateness of having him as the central figure of the state’s principal holiday. Protests Were Many Other protests came from Democratic Party organizations, and also appeared in the form of letters to Texas newspapers. The directors of the San Jacinto chapter, however, voted unanimously to invite McCarthy and an officer of the organization said there had never been any question of withdrawing the invitation. The extra deputies may have been ordered out in anticipation of anti-McCarthy demonstrations at the battlefield. Apart from these factors, the content of McCarthy's speech has stirred immense interest here. (It will not be broadcast directly by radio or television, but recorded portions may be used later, radio and television officials said.) Reporters Quiz Senator 1. Whether he will go further Into the charges of “undue influence,” “blackmail” and “misconduct” that have been flying back and forth between his office and the Department of the Army. 2. Whether he will discuss the hearings of these charges w-hich are scheduled to begin Thursday morning in Washington. 3. Whether he will take up the case of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheim-er, top atomic scientist, wTho has been suspended pending a review of his file on questions of security. 4. Whether he will amplify the statement about alleged delays in building the H-bomb. He asked two weeks ago in a nationally televised appearance:    “If    there    were no communists in our government, why did we delay for 18 months —delay our research on the hydro- gen bomb?” In the same statement, he used the words, “deliberate delay.” Declines Answers To all questions about the speech, McCarthy declined answers. He was genial, but he said. “I’d rather not say at this time.” He w'as advised of the statement by Asst. Secretary of Defense H. Struve Hensel—answering McCarthy's accusations—in which Hensel said: “If the Senator makes those charges without the protection of senatorial immunity, 1 will guarantee a lawsuit which he will not be able to drop.” $2,000 in Wire Stolen at Merkel MERKEL, April 21. (RNS)— Copper wire valued at $2,000 was stolen Tuesday night from the yard of the Taylor County Electric Co-operative here. Three wooden spools, eaoh holding 500 pounds oi wire, were taken. Four spools of wire were left in the yard. The burglars made entry by cutting through a heavy mesh wire fence. The spools were rolled out of the yard and to a borrow ditch across the road from the yard. Sheriff Ed Powell placed the time of the burglary at 11:30 p. m. . Mrs. O. H. Davis, who lives across the street west of the yard, said she saw two cars in the road and some men, but took no notice of it because the co-operative employes sometimes work late. However, her attention was attracted because the men were making loud noises. Lester Dorton, co-operative manager, said no employes were vworking at that time. Dorton notified Merkel City Marshal A. D. Fulton at 8:15 a. m. and Fulton called the sheriff. OTHER TRIALS IN MAY Bolton Sentenced For Roby Escape LUBBOCK. April 21. (RNS) —Two Fisher County jail escapees may go on trial here in May or June in 99th District Court, where a third was tried this week. They are John Brent Tarlton. Jr., 21. Snvder, and Huey Jack Pitts, 20, Dallas. Judge James G. Denton sentenced Amos Benny Bolton, 22, Dallas, at 9 a. m. Wednesday to serve one year in prison. Asked if he had anything to say before being sentenced, Bolton said no. The trio was charged in the beating of Sheriff R. L. (Bogue) Wilkins of Fisher County during an escape from the jail ar Roby last Dec. 15. All three were charged with assault with intent to murder RESCUED FROM DEATH — Gary Gorton, 14, is snatched from the flood-swollen Little Androscoggin River near Auburn, Maine, by his scoutmaster, Bernard Helwig Jr. Earlier attempts by firemen failed. The boy tumbled over a 40-foot mill dam. with malice. Pitts’ case was brought on a venue change to Judge Victor H. Lindsey’s 72d District Court here. Past practice has been to transfer nending criminal cases in this court to 99th District Court to avoid a delay in trials. A 72d court panel of veniremen for criminal case juries is called once a year. The last panel was called about six weeks ago. In the 99th court, veniremen to hear criminal cases are called once a month. The next 99th court panel is to be called next month. Tarlton’s case was transferred to the 99th court. His and Bolton’s trials were scheduled this week. Bolton was tried. Tarlton’s was companion case. Texas statutes prohibit the trials of two companion cases before the same jury panel. Thus, Tarlton cannot be tried until new veniremen are called. A jury returned a verdict in Bolton’s case at 11:45 p.m. Tuesday after deliberating more than three hours. The jurors were given four choices: <1) to find Bolton guilty of assault with intent to murder with malice: (2) to find be was guilty of assault with intent to murder without malice; (3) to find he was guilty of aggravated assault; or (4) to find him not guilty. Jurors decided no malice was involved on the part of Bolton. They recommended a one-year prison term. Bolton, had he been found guilty of assault with malice, could have been sentenced ti a maximum of 15 years. The defendant acted a little surprised and appeared to be rather pleased when he neard the verdict. The final state witness was Joe Wetzel, Fisher County deputy «her iff who identifiii various exhibits as being given him by Texas Ranger Jim Paulk. The exhibits included a sock containing a chain, two shotguns, a canebottom chair and a telephone. The objects were used during the escape. The witnesses placed on the stand by defense counsel were Neely A. Morton, Fisher County district clerk; and O’Neal Jones, Bryan, cellmate of the three prisoners. Morton testified that the burglary warrants used in the arrest of the three escapees prior to the jailbreak did not bear their names when he, Morton, first saw the warrants. tee. If McCarthy does that, Hensel said, “I will guarantee a law suit.” McCarthy, in Houston, Tex., for a speech late today, said. “I wouldn’t cooperate in any delay like that,” and he added: “Hensel knows it would take years to do this in a trial. We will be under oath when the committee hears this case and the witnesses will be under oath. He can call any witnesses he wants to. “After that’s over ... I can see no reason why I shouldn’t repeat this stuff ... If at some future time he still wants a lawsuit—and I don’t think he will—I see no reason why not have one.” He’s Willing Later The McCarthy statement said his investigators have established that Hensel made at least $56.526 in three World War II years from a private ship supply firm operating with government priorities. Hensel was then a high Navy official. Hensel replied: “The allegations that there has been anything illegal or even unethical in my fi nancial or governmental history is both malicious and dishonest . Sen. McCarthy knew he was lying . . .” Against this background, the investigations subcommittee agreed on rules for its hearings on the controversy and announced they will start on schedule tomorrow morning. Coverage is planned by major television networks. Dworshak on Committee McCarthy previously had turned over the subcommittee chairmanship for the inquiry to Sen. Mundt (R-SD). Under an agreement reached yesterday, he will be replaced temporarily as a member by Sen. Dworshak (R-Idaho). The rules adopted by the subcommittee, however, will permit McCarthy and Army representatives to engage in direct cross-examination of witnesses. McCarthy had strongly urged this procedure. Mundt said the Army will present its s«de of the dispute first. Hensel’s name was injected into the case yesterday in McCarthy’s 5,000-word “bill of particulars” replying to Army charges that he ard two of hi*? aides tried bv “improper means” to win preferential treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former subcommittee consultant. Charges Hensel Helped McCarthy, submitting the statement for himself and the two aides under attack, Roy M. Cohn, the subcommittee’s chief counsel, and Francis Carr, its staff director, said Hensel wanted to discredit ie subcommittee because he himself was under investigation. McCarthy pictured Hensel as exercising “influence and guidance” in the preparation of the Army report attacking him and his aides while himself under investigation by the subcommittee. Hensel, who was the Defense Department’s general counsel until his recent appointment as assistant secretary, said McCarthy’s references to him “reached the high mark of scandalous malice and the low mark to cowardly irresponsibility.” Troops for French SUPPLIES FOR WAR—American supplies for French forces in Indochina are unloaded from U.S. plane by U.S. airmen. Picture, delayed by censors, was made two weeks ago. SENATORS BELIEVE Yanks Won't Go Into Combat Zone PARIS (AP>—The U.S. Air Force is ferrying French paratroopers to Indochina for later dropping into Dien Bien Phu.    . . This was confirmed today here and in Washington. Charles Wilson, U.S. secretary of defense, said the 8,500-mile operation “is in line with present United States policy and in conformity with our existing military assLstance program.” He said it was undertaken at the request of the French government. The parachute troops are being flown from trance to Ir-dochina in C124 Globemasters. The Douglas planes belong to the Air Force Tactical Command. They will return to home bases in the United States, the Air Force said. The troops are to be landed in non-combat areas. Planes piloted bv French airmen or American civilians will shuttle them to the besieged fortress of Dien Bien Phu in northwest Indochina. Rains were upsetting air operations there today. The troops—number unspecified but believed to total at least 1.000—were flown from Paris’ big Orly Airfield yester- Failure at Geneva Will Aid Alliance WASHINGTON tf) — Senators Chinese Nationalist: and the South Wiley (R-Wis) and Ferguson (R-< Koreans are given a chance to Mich) said today any failure of jn    Chinese    Communists    in ,Ua r<Ann<,i> /innforonco In nnnff their area. Might Be Invited Dulles is reported to have said re- Sick PW Hurt By Dickenson, Witness Says WASHINGTON (3—An ex-prison er-of-war said today Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson pushed a sick POW down some stairs after the ailing man had asked Dickenson for food. This incident was described by Staff Sgt. John A. Davis of Niagara Falls, N.Y., who stared at Dickenson with unmasked hate during his appearance in the witness chair. It was the third day of Dickenson’s court-m a r t i a I on charges of collaborating with the Chinese Communists while a POW in Korea. Davis said Dickenson, 23, from Cracker’s Neck, Va., worked at the sick compound as a cook at the Red POW’ camp at Pyoktong along the Yalu River and “I saw him trade off chow for tobacco and candy.” At one point, Davis said he saw a sick POW go up to Dickenson “and ask for chow. Dickenson said there was no more. I, personally, saw some chow in the chow pot.” The witness said there was “s little argument” and he saw Dick enson push the man down three stairs. “The man’s legs were paralyzed for a day,” Davis said. Guy Emery, counsel for the defense, drew from Davis a concession that he could not remember clearly the incidents of chow trading. the Geneva conference to bring agreements on Korea and Indochina may hasten American efforts to build an anti-Communist military alliance in the Pacific.    yesterday’s    conference    in Wiley,    who heads    the    Senate For- jSp0nse to question-:    by Sen. Know- eign    Relations    Co:mnittce,    ^and    land Qf California>    the G0P fioor leader, that while    the two coun tries had not been among the 10 invited to join in an alliance, that would not necessarily preclude their later entrance. Dulles apparently had some success in quieting congressional fears that American troops may be sent to Indochina. Vice President Nixon’s statement lust Friday that this country    might have to send combat units    in the unlikely event that French withdraw' had stirred up a controversy. Ferguson, chairman of Policy Committee, said in separate interviews they >ee little prospect of either uniting Korea or bringing peace to Indochina at the Geneva meeting. But each said he expects Secretary of State Dulles—off to Paris for a north Atlantic Treaty Organization meeting befor' the Switzerland conference begins—to press U.S. allies for commitments to a new Pacific coalition pledged to “united action.” To Halt Reds When he left here last night. Dulles said in a statement he will seek an honorable peace in Indochina and a free, united Korea. But he said recent “reckless assaults” by the Reds in Indochina are “not a good prelude.” Dulles was reported to have emphasized to congressional leaders of both parties at a conference yesterday that one of his chief hopes is to effect a Far Eastern alliance to offset the threat of all-out Chinese Communist participation in the Indochina war. Ferguson, one of the conferees, said he doubts that much will be accomplished in attempts to agree with Russia and representatives of Red China at Geneva. Wiley Optimistic “If this conference fails to bring an agreement, I don’t see how our friends of the free world can help but see the need for a Pacific alliance,“ he said. Wiley said that while he is somewhat more optimistic about possible results at Geneva, he also feels that failure theie would stimulate action toward an “NATO ot the Pacific.” Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) told the Senate yesterday that the United States ought not to link itself in Asia only with military “weak sisters” and with “European colonial powers.” Jenner said that “wfe must not permit a single American to become engaged in fighting on the continent of Asia” until both the Wafer Situation Blamed on State HEMPSTEAD, April 21 (AP) — Ralph Yarborough, probable candidate for governor, laid the blame for Texas’ water problem on inaction at the state level tonight. “Today. 85 per cent of all the flood waters that reach our rivers > flow untamed and lost forever in 1 the briny vastness of the Gulf of Mexico. That situation has existed for years and years, but we hear only talk, and see no action,” Yarborough said. District Clerk Will Retire J. Neil Daniel, Taylor County district clerk, announced Wednesday morning that he would not seek re-election for the office, but will enter private practice in law in Abilene. Daniel was sworn in as an attorney by Judge J. R. Black in 42nd District Court Tuesday. He was notified a few days ago that he had passed a three-day bar examination at Austin in March. “My plan is to continue in my present post until the term ends 4 Hol-Rodders Get Warning Noisy hot rod drivers were given a stern warning Wednesday to stop disturbing people. Handing out the advice were City Atty. Alex Bickley and Police Chief C. Z. Hallmark. Abilenians have complained that drivers of the hot rod cars keep them awake until late hours of the night. Some of the vehicles are reportedly without mufflers or have cutouts. City Atty. Bickley made the following statement: “Under state law, any person w'ho operates a motor vehicle not equipped with a muffler or which has a muffler cut-out is guilty of a misdemeanor. “Upon conviction, he may be fined from $10 to $100. He may be confined to county jail for a period not to exceed 10 days.” Chief Hallmark said police will try to find and arrest anyone violating this law. Buses fo Air Show Scheduled Sunday Abilenians without cars will be able to attend the dedication program of the new Municipal Airport Sunday. A special bus is slated to run to the airport, George Page of the City Transportation Co. announced Wednesday. The bus will leave North Third and Pine Sts. at 12:30 p.m. Sunday, and will run every 30 minutes until 2 p.m. Passengers will be taken to the administration building at the airport. Following the air show, bus service is to continue to town until all passengers are returned to the city. Fare will be 25 cents for adults god 10 cents for children. day. At last word, they had not yet reached Indochina. It was learned that the U.S. Air Force also will ferry French troops from North Africa to Indochina, though American sources here considered the France-to-In-dochina operation a “one-shot” affair. Departure Point Secret The departure point from North Africa, meanwhile, was kept secret. Although officials would not say how many troops were being ferried. French Army Secretary Pierre de Chevigne addressed the 7th Battalion of French commando paratroops at Quimper Sunday and told them they were leaving immediately for Indochina without the month’s leave usually granted before overseas duty. “You leave In exceptional circumstances,” Chevigne told the troops after a parade, “which have forced us to call on you for sacrifices, “To aid our comrades at Dien Bien Phu we are putting into the battle all our forces.” Troops Made Available He added these reinforcements would permit throwing troops already in Indochina into the Dien Bien' Phu battle immediately. “You yourself may have the glory of fighting at Dien Bien Phu.” Chevigne said. The United States already is supplying the French with fighters, attack bombers and transport planes for their fight against the Vietminh. Some 200 American Air Force ground personnel have been stationed in Indochina to help maintain these planes. Twenty-five or more American civilians under private contract also are piloting some of the transport planes carryinig supplies to Dien Bien Phu, but no American Air Force personnel have taken part in the flying operations in the combat zone. BACK TO JAIL High Court Turns Down Sentell Plea AUSTIN (A*)—The Supreme Court today refused to give Rep. Frank Sentell, Snyder, a new hearing in the case in which the legislator was held in contempt of his home town district court. The Supreme Court on Feb, 24 ordered Sentell back to jail to serve the balance of his contempt sentence. Sentell had served 33 hours of a 72-hour sentence imposed by Judge Sterling William* in 132nd District Court. The contempt case arose during a stormy court room scene during trial of a civil suit. Judge Williams fined Sentell $100 and sentenced him to three days in Jail. Sentell was freed on a temporary writ of habeas corpus after serving part of the jail term. The Supreme Court divided 6-3 in upholding Williams and refusing to make the writ permanent. Attorneys for Sentell contended he was doing his duty as a lawyer in standing up for his client. Judge Williams’ attorneys said Sentell constantly interrupted testimony and obstructed the trial. Today’s action was on Sentell’s additional effort to have the contempt jugment struck down. Cool Air fo Follow Dust Here Tonight Dust probably will reduce Abilene area visibility to one to two miles Wednesday night, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Airport predicted Wednesday morning. The forecast for local dust came after a cool front pushed southward through Amarillo about 5 a. m. Wednesday, reducing visibility there to half a mile. Five hours later, Amarillo visibility had climbed back up to two and a half miles, the weatherman said. The Abilene area dust will be on the decrease on Thursday, the weatherman predicted. High temperature here Wednesday was expected to be 90. With cool air due to flow in behind the front, the weatherman said the mercury Thursday probably will climb only to 75-80 degrees. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY-Partly cloudy Wednesday, Wednesday night and Thursday:    warm and windy Wednesday and Wmesday night; cooler Thursday; dust Wednesday night, decreasing Thursday; high Wednesday 90, low Wednesday night 55, high Thursday 75-80. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Paruy cloudy, widely scattered thunder * tor m» and turning cooler tonight and in nortts* west portion this afternoon. WEST TEXAS — Partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershowers in upper Pecoa Valley eastward this afternoon and tonight. Thursday partly cloudy and »lightly cooler east of Pecos Valley. EAST TEXAS — Partly cloudy, warm this afternoon, scattered thunderstorm* and turning cooler tonight. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershower* and slightly cooler Thursday. TEMPERATURES Tues 82 85 87 87 86 84 80 78 P M. 73 72 130 2:30 3:.to 4:30 5:30 8 30 7:30 8:30 9 30 10 30 11.30 12 30 Wed. A M. .....    70 .....68 ......67 ......6« .....67 ......    87 ......88 ........ 72 ......    73 .....  75 ......77 Siuutt last night 7:20 pro. Sunrise today 6 03 a.m. Si’uset tonight 7:13 p.m. Barometer    reading    at    12:30    p m 28 18. Relative    humidity    at    12:30    p m.    52- Maximum temperature for the 24 hour* ended at 6:30 p.m.; 88. Minimum temperature for the 24 hour* ended at 6 30 p.m.; 65. 6-Cily Hubbard Creek Dam Proposal lo Get Hearing Formal hearing will be set by ing engineer, appeared for all the the State Board of Water Engi- applicants. neers on the application of six area Mayors and others represented cities for Hubbard Creek water. , the various cities. Informal, preliminary discussion Freese and Nichols wiU was held in Austin Tuesday. jthe engineering facts fo ) mal application. Cities in the group request a^ No indica{km was gjVen by the Abilene, Breckenridge, Albany, s^e board as to when the hear-Anson, Merkel and Trent. Later, wiU ^ hdd Htncock said. Tye will probably be added. j Also discussed Tuesday was Prior to the formal hearing, the Abilene’s request for water rights cities will submit engineering data on Deadman Creek. The city plans to the state board.    | to channel Deadman water into its Representing Abilene at Tues- ’ Lake Fort Phantom Hill reservoir, day’s session were Mayor C. E. j Filing fee of $275 has been paid Gatlin, City Manager Austin P. i on each of the applications ~ Hub-Hancock, City Water and Sewer bard Creek and Deadman Creek. Supt. Curtis C. Harlin Jr., City The group campaign for water Engineer M. M. Anderson, and rights on Hubbard Creek «near Howard McMahon, Reporter-News Breckenridge) could result in a publisher. Marvin Nichols, consult-[ giant multi-city water reservoir. ;