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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 21, 1954, Abilene, Texas WARM AND WINDY EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT VOL. LXXIII, No. 309 Auodutod fna (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, WEDNESDAY EVENING. APRIL 21. 1954-TWENTY-EIGHT PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc SENATOR CALLED 'LIAR' McCarthy Widens Inquiries On Ere of Public Hearing COUNSELOR COHN under attack By JOHN CHADWICK WASHINGTON swirling McCarthy-Army row has been broadened, on the eve of the long- heralded public hearings, to include a top defense official and accuse him of trying to head off an inves- tigation for misconduct. The latest charge fired by Sen. McCarthy was that Asst. Secre- tary of Defense H. Struve Hensel joined with Secretary of the Army Robert T. Stevens and Army Coun- selor John G. Adams in trying to "discredit" the Senate investiga- tions subcommittee McCarthy heads. Hensel, a government official for much of the time since 1941, was named to his present post by Presi- dent Eisenhower and confirmed by the Senate without objection on Feb. 19. "Bare-faced he shot back to a statement by McCarthy saying that he was seeking to dodge in- vestigation "for misconduct and possibly for law violations." He accused the senator of an "at- tempted smear a diversionary move." Hensel also challenged McCarthy to repeat his accusations in some forum where he would not have the immunity which covered the for- mal statement to the subcommit- McCarthy Refuses to Tell What He'll Say Here Today HOUSTON Joseph R. McCarthy came to an American shrine of battle today to deliver a last-minute speech before the start of his own bitter clash with the Army. He refused to discuss the con- tents of the speech. But he evidently was attaching more than usual importance to it. Long after midnight, he was still "working like hell on the manu- script." as a friend sitting beside him put it. McCarthy said earlier he had already dictated a. two-hour .draft, but hadn't decided how much to retain. He speaks at the site of the Battle of San Jacmto (approxi- mately p.m., CSTi. Here, 118 years'ago, a small band of Texans defeated Mexican forces in the third and final battle of Texas' bid to become an independent na- tion. Invited by SRT The invitation was extended to McCarthy by the San Jacinto chapter of the Sons 01 the Republic of Texas. Arrangements were set up in the expectation that thousands of would crowd onto (he battle field to hear-McCarthy. In addition to regular police, the county sheriff ordered 150 auxil- iary deputies to take stations at the site. 2. Whether he will discuss the hearings of these charges which are scheduled to begin Thursday morning in Washington. 3. Whether he will take up the case of Dr. J. Robert Oppenheim- er, top atomic scientist, who has been suspended pending a review of his file on questions of security. 4. Whether he will amplify the statement about alleged delays in building the H-bomb. He asked two weeks ago in a nationally televised appearance: "If there were, no communists in our government, why did we delay for 18 months our research on the hydro- gen In the same state- ment, he used the words, "deliber- ate delay." Declines Answers To all questions about the speech, McCarthy declined an- swers. He was genial, but he said, "I'd rather not say at this time." He was advised of the statement by Asst. Secretary of Defense H. Struve McCar- thy's which Hensel said: "If the Senator makes those charges without the protection of senatorial immunity, I will guar- antee a lawsuit which he will not be able to drop." in Wire Stolen at Merkel MERKEL, April 21. Copper wire valued at was stolen Tuesday night from the yard of the Taylor County Elec- tric Co-operative here. Three "500 pounds of wire, were taken. Four spools of wire were left, in the yard. The burglars made entry by cut- ting through a heavy mesh wire The controversy that focuses on fence. The spools were rolled McCarthy throughout the nation may be even greater in Texas. He has strong supporters here. But University of Texas students protested when it was announced that he would be the speaker on "San Jacinto Day." They question- ed the appropriateness of having him as the central figure of the state's principal holiday. Protests Were Many Other protests came from Dem- ocratic Party organizations, and also appeared in the form of let- ters to Texas newspapers. The di- rectors of the San Jacinto chapter, however, voted unanimously to in- vite McCarthy and an officer of the organization said there had never been any question of with- drawing the invitation. The extra deputies may have been ordered out in anticipation of anti-McCarthy demonstrations at the battlefield. Apart from these factors, the content of McCarthy's speech has stirred immense interest here. (It will not be broadcast directly by radio or television, but recorded portions may be used later, radio and television officials said.) Reporters Quiz Senator 1. Whether he will go further into the charges of "undue influ- "blackmail" and "miscon- duct" that have been flying back and forth between his office and the Department of the Army. a Dorrow ditch across the road from the yard. Sheriff Ed Powell placed the time of the burglary at p. nu Mrs. O. H. Davis, who lives across the street west the yard, said she saw two cars in the road and some "but toot ho notice of it-becanseJhE, co-operative em- sometimes work late. However, her attention was at- tracted because the men were making loud noises. Lester Dorton, co-operative manager, said no employes were working at that time. Dorton noti- fied Merkel City Marshal A. D. Fulton at a. m. and Fulton called the sheriff. OTHER TRIALS IN MAY Bolton Sentenced For Roby Escape LDBBOCK, April 21. (RNS) Fisher County jail escapees may go on trial here in May or June in 99th District Court, where a third was tried this week. They are John Brent Tarlton, Jr., 21. "Snyder, and Huey Jack Pitts, 20, D'allas. Judge James G. Dentqn senten- ced Amos Benny Bolton, 22, Dal- las, at 9 a. m. Wednesday to serve one year in prison. Asked if he had anything to say .before, being sentenced, Bolton said no. The trio was charged in the beating of Sheriff R. L. (Bogue) Wilkins of Fisher County during an escape from the jail ar Roby last Dec. 35. All three were charged with assault with intent to murder RESCUED FROM DEATH Gary Gorton, 14, is snatched from the flood-swollen Little Androscoggin River near Au- burn, Maine, by his scoutmaster, Bernard Helwig Jr. Earlier attempts by firemen failed. The boy tumbled over a 40-foot mill dam. with malice. Pitts' case was brought on a venue change to Judge Victor H. Lindsey's 72d District Court here. Past practice has been to trans- fer nending criminal cases in this court to 99th District Court to avoid a delay in trials. A 72d court panel of veniremen for criminal case juries is called once a year. The last panel was called about six weeks ago. In the 99th court, veniremen to hear criminal cases are called once a month. The next 99th court panel is to be called next month. Tarlton's case was transferred to the 99th court. His and Bolton's trials were scheduled this week. Bolton was tried. Tarlton's was companion case. Texas statutes prohibit the trials of two compan- ion cases before the same jury panel. Thus; Tarlton cannot be tried until new veniremen are called. A jury returned a verdict in Bol- ton's case at p.m. Tuesday after deliberating more than three hours. The jurors were given four choices: (1) to find Bolton guilty of assault with intent to murder with malice; (2) to find he was guilty of assault with intent to murder without malice; (3> to find he was guilty of aggravated as- sault: or (4) to find hhr. not guilty. Jurors decided no malice was in- volved on the part of Bolton. They recommended a one-year prison term. Bolton, had he been found guilty of assault with malice, could have been sentenced to a maxi- mum'of 15 years. The defendant acted a little sur- prised and appeared to be rather pleased when he neard the ver- dict. The final state witness was Joe Wetzel, Fisher County deputy sher- iff who identifi-; 1 various exhibits as being given him by Texas Ran- ger Jim Paulk. The exhibits in- cluded a sock containing a chain, two shotguns, a canebottom chair and a telephone. The objects were used during the escape. The witnesses placed on the stand by defense counsel were Neely A. Morton, Fisher County district clerk; and O'Neal Jones, Bryan, cellmate of the three pris- oners. Morton testified that the bur- glary warrants used in the arrest of the three escapees prior to the jailbreak did not bear their names when he, Morton, first saw the warrants. tee. If McCarthy does that. Hensel said, "I will guarantee a law suit." McCarthy, in Houston, Tex., for a speech late today, said, "I wouldn't cooperate in any delay like and he added: "Hensel knows it would take years to do this in a trial. We will be under oath when the committee hears this ease and the witnesses will be under oath. He can call any witnesses he wants to. "After that's over I can see no reason why I shouldn't repeat this stuff If at some future time he still wants a I don't think he see no rea- son why not have one." He's Willing Later The McCarthy statement said his investigators have established that Hensel made at least S56.526 in three World War II years from a private ship supply firm operating with government priorities. Hensel then a high Navy official. Hensel replied: "The allegations that there has been anything il- legal or even unethical in my fi- nancial or governmental history is both malicious and dishonest Sen. McCarthy knew he was lying Against this background, the in- vestigations subcommittee agreed on rules for its hearings on the controversy and announced they will start on schedule tomorrow morning. Coverage is planned by major television networks. Dworshak on Committee McCarthy previously had turned over the subcommittee chairman- ship for the inquiry to Sen. Mundt Under an agreement reached yesterday, he will be re- placed temporarily as a member by Sen. Dworshak The rules adopted by the sub- committee, however, will permit McCarthy and Army representa- tives to engage in direct cross-ex- amination of witnesses. McCarthy had strongly urged this procedure. Mundt said the Army will pre- sent its side of the dispute first. Hensel's name was injected into the case yesterday in McCarthy's "bill of particulars" re- plying to Army charges that he and two of sides tried "im- proper win prefeiejrtla treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former subcommittee consultant. Charges Hensel Heloe-1 McCarthy, submitting the state- ment for himself and the two aides under attack, Roy M. Conn, the subcommittee's chief counsel, and Francis Carr, its staff director, said Hensel wanted to discredit :ie subcommittee because he himself was under investigation. McCarthy pictured Hensel as ex- ercising "influence and guidance" in the preparation of the Army re- port attacking him and his aides while himself under investigation by the subcommittee. Hensel, who was the Defense De- partment's general counsel until his recent appointment as assist- ant secretary, said McCarthy's ref- erences to him "reached the high mark of scandalous malice and the low mark to cowardly irresponsi- bility." U.S. Airmen Fly ing Troops for French Yanks Won't Go Sick PW Hurt By Dickenson, Witness Says WASHINGTON ex-prison- er-of-war said today Cpl. Edward S. Dickenson pushed a sick POW down some stairs after the ailing man had asked Dickenson for food. This incident was described by Staff Sgt. John A. Davis of Ni- agara Falls, N.Y., who stared a: Dickenson with unmasked hate during his appearance in the wit- ness chair. It was the third day Dickenson's court-m a r t i a 1 on charges of collaborating with the Chinese Communists while a POW in Korea. Davis said Dickenson, 23. from Cracker's Neck, Va., worked al the sick compound as a cook at the Red POW camp at Pyoktong along the Yalu River and "I saw him trade off chow for tobacco and candy." At one point, Davis said he saw a sick POW go up to Dickenson "and ask for chow. Dickenson said there was no more. I, personally saw some chow in the chow pot.'1 The witness said there was "a little argument" and he saw Dick- enson push the man down three stairs. "The man's legs were para- lyzed for a Davis said. Guy Emery, counsel for the de fense, drew from Davis a conces sion that he could not remember clearly the incidents of chow trad ing. Water Situation Blamed on State HEMPSTEAD, April 21 W) Ralph Yarborough, probable candi date for governor, laid the blam for Texas' water problem on inac tion at the state level tonight. "Today, 85 per cent of all th flood waters that reach our river flow untamed and lost forever i the briny vastness of the Gulf o Mexico. That situation has exists for years and years, but hea only talk, and see no borough cald. SUPPLIES FOR supplies for French forc- es in Indochina are unloaded from U.S. plane by U.S. air- men. Picture, delayed by censors, was made two weeks ago. SENATORS BELIEVE Into Combat Zone PARIS U.S. Air Force is ferrying French paratroopers to Indochina for later dropping into Dien Bien Phu. This was confirmed today here and in Washington. Charles Wilson, U.S. secretary of defense, said the mile operation "is in line with present United States policy and in conformity with our existing military assistance pro- gram." He said it was undertaken at the request of the French government The parachute troops are being flown from France to m- dochina in C124 Globemasters. The Douglas planes belong to the Arr Force Tactical Command. They will return to home bases in the United States, the Air Force said. The troops are to he landed in non-combat areas. Planes piloted by French airmen or American civilians will shuttle them to the besieged fortress of Dien Bien Phu in northwest Indochina. Rains were upsetting air operations there today. The unspecified but believed to total at least flown from Paris' big Orly Airfield yester- day. At last word, they had not yet reached Indochina. It was learned that the U.S. Air Force also will ferry French troops from North Africa to Indo- china, though American sources here considered the France-to-In- dochiua operation a "one-shot" af- fair. Departure Point Secret The departure point from North Africa, meanwhile, was kept se- cret. Although officials would not say Failure at Geneva Will Aid Alliance WASHINGTON (fl Senators Wiley (R-Wis) and Ferguson (R- Mich) said today any failure of the Geneva conference to bring greements on Korea and Indo- hina may hasten American ef- orts to build an anti-Communist military alliance in the Pacific. Wiley, who heads the Senate.For-, Relations Committee, and Terguson, chairman of the GOP 'olicy Committee, said in separ- te interviews they -see litHe pros- pect of either uniting Korea' or >ringing peace to Indochina at the Geneva meeting. But each said he expects Secre- ary of State to Paris or a north Atlantic Treaty Or- ganization meeting befor? the' iwitzerland conference jress U.S. allies for commitments o a new Pacific coalition pledged o "united action." To Halt Reds When he left here last night, Dulles said in a statement he will seek an honorable peace in Indo- china and a free, united Korea. But he said recent "reckless as- saults" by the Reds in Indochina are "not a good prelude." Dulles was reported to have em- phasized to congressional leaders of both parties at a conference yesterdav that one of his chief lopes is" to effect a Far Eastern alliance to offset the threat' of 'all- out Chinese Communist participa- lon in the Indochina war. Ferguson, one of the conferees, said he doubts that much will be accomplished in attempts to agree with Russia and representatives of Red China at Geneva. Wiley Optimistic 'If this conference fails to bring an agreement, I don't see how our friends of the free world can help but see the need for a Pacific al- he said. Wiley said that while he is some- what more optimistic about pos- sible results at Geneva, he also 'eels that failure there would stim- ulate action toward an "NATO 'of the Pacific." Sen. Jenner (R-Ind) told the Sen- ate yesterday that the Us-ited States ought not to link itself in Asia only with military "weak sisters" and with "European colonial powers." Jenner said that "we must not permit a single American to be- come engaged in fighting on the continent of Asia" until both the Chinese Nationalists and the South Koreans are given a chance to pin down Chinese Communists in their area. Might Be Invited Dulles is reported to have said at yesterday's conference in re- sponse to questions by Sen. Know and of California, the GOP floor eader, that while the two coun- ries had not been among the 1C invited- to -join -in an alliance, that vould not necessarily preclude their later, entrance, Dulles apparently had some suc- cess in quieting congressional fears that American troops may be' sent to Indochina.' Vice 'Presi- dent Nixon's statement last Friday that this country might have to send combat units in the unlikely event that French hac stirred up a controversy. District Clerk Will Retire J. Neil Daniel, Taylor County district clerk, announced Wednes- day morning that he would not seek re-election for the office, but will.enter private practice in law in Abilene. Daniel was sworn in as an at- torney by Judge J. R. Black in 42nd District Court Tuesday. He was notified a few days ago that he had passed a three-day bar examination at Austin in March. "My plan is to continue in my present post until the term ends Hot-Rodders Noisy hot rod drivers were given a stern warning Wednesday to stop disturbing people. Handing out the advice were City Atty. Alex Bickley and Po- lice Chief C. Z. Hallmark. Abilenians have complained tha drivers of the hot rod cars keep them awake until late hours.of the night. Some of the vehicles are report- edly without muffler's'or have'cut- outs. City Ally: Bickley made the fol- lowing statement: "Under state law. any person who operates a motor vehicle not equipped with a muffler or which has a muffler cut-out is guilty of "Upon conviction, he may be fined from S10 io S100. He may be confined to county jail for a period not to exceed 10 days." Chief Hallmark said police will try to find and arrest anyone vio- lating this law. many troops were being fer- ried, French Army Secretary Pierre de Chevigne addressed the 7th Battalion of French commando paratroops at Quimper Sunday and told them they were leaving im- mediately for Indochina without the month's leave usually, granted before overseas duty. "You--leave in exceptional....cir- Chevigne told the troops after a parade, "which have forced us to on you for sac- rifices. "To aid our comrades at Dien Bien Phu we are putting into the battle all our forces." Troops Made Available He added these reinforcements would permit tin-owing troops al- ready in Indochina into the Dien Bien Phu battle immediately. 'You yourself may have the glory of fighting at Dien BKn Chevigne said. The United States already is sup- plying the French with fighters, attack bombers and transport planes for their fight against the Vietminh. Some 200 American Air Force ground personnel have been stationed in Indochina to help maintain these planes. Twenty-five or more American civilians under private contract also are piloting some of the trans- port planes carryinig supplies to Dien Bien Phu, but no American Air Force personnel have taken part in the flying operations in the combat zone. Cool Air to Follow Dust Here Tonight Dust probably will reduce Abi- lene area visibility to one to two miles Wednesday night, the U. S. Weather Bureau at Municipal Air- port ing. predicted Wednesday morn- Buses to Air Show Scheduled Sunday Abilenians without cars will be able to attend the dedication pro- gram of the new Municipal Air- port Sunday. A special bus is slated to run to the airport, George Page of the City Transportation Co. announced Wednesday. The bus will leave North Third and Pine Sis. at p.m. Sunday, and will run every 30 minutes un- til 2 p.m. Passengers will be taken to the administration building at the air- port. Following the air show, bus serv- ice is to continue to town'until nil passengers are returned to the city. Fare -will be 25 cents for adults and 10 cents for cnfldrta. The forecast for local dust came after a cool front pushed south- ward through Amarillo about 5 a. m. Wednesday, reducing visibility there to half a mile. Five hours later, Amarillo visibility had climbed back up to two and half miles, the weatherman said. The Abilene area dust will be on the decrease on Thursday, the weatherman predicted. High tem- perature here Wednesday was ex- pected to be 90. With cool air due to flow in be- hind the front, the weatherman said the mercury Thursday prob- ably will climb only to 75-80 de- grees. BACK TO JAIL High Court Turns Down Sentell Plea AUSTIN Supreme Court today refused to give Hep. Frank Sentell, Snyder. a new hearing in the case in which the legislator was held in contempt of his home town district court. The Supreme Court on ordered the balance, of sentence. Sentell had" served 33 hours of a -Jaipur, sentence im- posed by JudgjLJStKling in 132nd. District'Court. The contempt'case arose during a stormy court-room scene during trial of a civil suit. Judge Williams fined Senteli and sentenced him to three days in jail. Sentell was freed on a tem- porary writ of habeas corpus after serving part of the jail term. The Supreme Court divided 6-3 in upholding Williams and refusing to make the writ permanent. At- torneys for Sentell contended he was doing his duty as a lawyer in standing up for his client. Judge Williams' attorneys said Sentell constantly interrupted testimony and obstructed the trial. Today's action was on Sentell's additional effort to have the coft- tempt jugment struck down. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OP COMMEBCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND cloudy Wednesday, Wednesday night and Thurs-r day; warm and windy Wednesday and Wenesday night; cooler Thursday: dust Wednesday night, decreasing Thursday; high Wednesday 90; low Wednesday night 53; high Thursday 75-80- NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS ParUy cloudy, widely scattered thunderstorini and turning cooler tonight and in north- west portion this afternoon. WEST TEXAS Partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershowers In upper Pecos Valley eastward this alleraoon and tonight. Thurs'day partly cloudy- and slightly cool- er cast of Pecos Valley. EAST TEXAS Partly clouds', warm this afternoon, scattered thunderstorms and turning cooler tonight. SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS Partly cloudy, widely scattered thundershowers slightly cooler Thursday. TEMPERATURES P.M. 82 Wed. A.M. 70 68 87 85 67 80 78 ____........ 75 7S 73 15 72 TI Sunset last nigbt p.m. Sunrise to- day a.m. Stnset tonight p.m. Barometer reading at p.m. 28.18. Relative humidity at p.m. 5251 Maximum temperature for the 24 ended at p.m.: 83. Minimum temperature for tfce 24 hosrt ended at p.m.: 65. Hubbard (reek Dam Proposal to Get Hearing Formal hearing will be set by the State Board of Water Engi- neers on the application of six area cities for Hubbard Creek water. Informal, preliminary discussion was held in Austin Tuesday. Cities in the group request are Abilene, Breckenridge. Albany, Anson, Merkel and Trent. Later, Tye will probably be added. Prior to the formal hearing, the cities will submit engineering data to the state board. Representing Abilene at Tues- day's session were Mayor C. E. Gatlin, City Manager Austin P. Hancock, City Water and Sewer ing engineer, appeared for all the applicants. Mayors and others represented the various cities. Freese and Nichols will prepare the engineering facts for the for- mal application. No indication was given by the state board as to' when the hear- ing will be held, Hancock said. Also discussed Tuesday, was Abilene's request for water rights on Deadman Creek. The city plans to channel Deadman water into its Lake Fort Phantom Hill reservoir. Filing fee of has been paid on each of the applications Hub- bard Creek and Deadman Creek. The group campaign for water Supt. Curtis C. Harlin Jr., City _ _ Engineer M. M. Anderson, and rights on Hubbard Creek (DMr Howard McMahon, Reportcr-News Breckcnrldge) could remit in publisher. Marvin Nichols, consult- giant multt-cttjr water
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