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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 18, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND WARM Wbt Abilene Reporter —SUNDAY 'WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron VOL. LXXIII, No. 306 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 18, 1954—FIFTY-SIX PAGES IN FIVE SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c easier I Hoover Gives Warning 'ÆÊËÊÈm- WM On U. S. Budget Deficit World Peace Clouds Joy Of Easier NEW YORK, April 17 (JP— In aong, prayer and pageant the glory of Easter will be celebrated around > the world Sunday. And while Christians rejoice in the risen Christ, those of the Jewish faith—by rare coincidence-wili be celebrating the escape of the Israelites from Egypt in an even earlier era. But once again, as in centuries gone by, the joy of the occasions Is clouded by the age-old question: Will man ever learn to live in peace with his fellows? WorM Seeks Savior With the dawn of the H-bomb age—an epoch In which mankind may have devised a means of destroying itself—the Christian world now more than ever turns to the message of the Saviour for peace as well as salvation. High leaders and ordinary citi-7cn alike join in tomorrow^ prayer and meditation. President Eisenhower, a key political figure in the world's hope for peace, will attend services at Augusta, Ga. Pope Pius XII, one of the world’s foremost spiritual leaders, will impart a benedicition to the world in Rome. In old Jerusalem, the site of the crucifixion and resurrection, church bells as usual will call worshippers to the Easter services. In manv another country, the faithful will gather, some in the familiar, comforting confines of their own churches and many in the awesome splendor of great outdoor amphitheaters. At sundown today began the Jewish celebration of the escape from Egypt with the traditional first night Seder, or Passover feast. Some Jewish groups celebrate for eight days, with two Seders. Others continue the observance for seven days, with one Seder. Dates of the Christian feast of Easter and the Jewish Feast of Passover last coincided in 1923 and 1927. This will not occur again until 1981. Impressive Services Many impressive services have been arranged throughout the United States for Easter Sunday observances, and millions ot wot-Shippers will attend. The grandeur of mountain ranges and wonders of nature will form backdrops for some of the sunrise outdoor rites. _ ____________________ Gov. Howard Pyle of Arizona i ^^ Qjj Qamal Abdel Nasser i merit after an overnight meeting will conduct one such service at emer g ed j n t he powerful role of hrnk*» nn tndnv said the ill and the jrttjlnc of aBCS on south on/) militarYf anvprnnr nf rim of the Grand Canyon. The service will be broadcast through facilities of the National Broadcasting Co., the Voice *of America, and the Canadian Broadcasting System. With clear and sunny weather predicted for most of the nation, throngs are expected to gather for many other outdoor observances. Some of these will be on the summit of Hot Springs Mountain in Arkansas, at Virginia’s Natural Bridge near Roanoke, the Garden of the Gods near Colorado Springs, the summit of MU Davidson at San Francisco, and Death Valley National Monument. At Lawton, Okla., 50,000 to 100,-, 000 persons are expected for the; annual services and pageant'in the DALLAS UP)—A backer of the, xxasscr, a strong mcuv type u> nearby Wichita Mountains. A rep- proposed 139 million dollar Dallas- contrast to the gregarious Naguib, lica of the Holy City has been San Antonio Turnpike said yester- had served as vice premier, but built there, and hundreds of per-, day work will start this summer he actually has been the big power ions will re-enact some 62 bib- if the Texas Supreme Court rules throughout the Egyptian revolu- lical scenes. favorably on a tax question. tion. The Dallas-Waco section will be The decisive meeting raising built first, and the toll charge over \asser to premier was held in the the full route, though not definitely home of a powerful Council mem- Nasser New Egypt Head CAIRO. Egypt, Sunday, April 18 ■ A Revolution Council announce- \ T 4- r'tn 1 homol AKHril i mont nn nvpmiffht mPPtinfl premier and military governor of revolutionary Egypt today. He assigned a new Cabinet minister of “presidential affairs” to look after Egypt’s President Mohamed Naguib. _ Texas Turnpike May Be Started This Summer broke up today said the ill and faltering Naguib has resigned as premier but would remain as president of the republic. It said Naguib asked Nasser to take over as premier. The presidency without control over the Cabinet or the all-powerful eleven young officers on the Revolution Council, becomes largely a figurehead post. The new Cabinet is substantially the same as Naguib’s with two significant exceptions: Wing Cmdr. Hassan Ibrahim becomes minister.of state in charge of presidential affairs; Lt. Col. Hussein El Shafei becomes minister of war in place of Wing Cmdr. Abdel Latif Baghdadi, who has been shifted to the Rural Affairs Ministry. Nasser, a strong silent type in State Park Pool Will Open Today ber, Wing Cmdr. Gamal Salem His brother, Ma. Salah Salem, national guidance minister and fire- set, will be about 1*4 cents a mile said Roy. Baker of San Antonio. Baker, president of the Sam uonai KUiuailce mmiMC1 <*..u Houston Turnpike Corp., addressed, brand opponent of Naguib, made the Dallas Chamber of Com-j the announcement of the outcome. Abilene State Park's swimming merce’f central highway commit-j salah Salem announced the first jool will be filled and open to the tee. Cabinet meeting under Nasser as mblic Sunday, although the offi- He said the 246-mile toll road premier would be held Sunday dal opening of the park has been will cut traveling time between ovening. This is expected to name wstponed until next Friday. j Dallas and San Antonio by about Nasser military governor of Egypt, Jack Atkinson, park superintend- 40 per cent. a j 0 b that goes automatically with ►nt. said all facilities of the park, Construction of.the toll road and t he premiership, ncluding the pool and concession i a Dallas-Houston Turnpike plan- -* - «> - itand, will be operating beginning ned by a Dallas company awaits Sunday. The concession stand has a court ruling on whether proper-ieen open on week ends during ties administered by the turnpike vinter months. ! companies are taxable by the state. LEGAL WOES MOUNT Estep Denied Special Food, Private Cell By GEORGIA NELSON William Estep remained in Tay-ir County Jail Saturday, unhappy ecause he was not being granted pecial privileges. He had requested special food nd drinking water and a private ell. Jailer Sam Gilbreath said he ad refused Estep’s requests for pecial food and water, and to take Dme instant coffee to his cell. Estep was in a tank with Willie ,dair and several other prisoners. Estep was convicted in U. S. listrict Court Friday on charges f mall fraud and SEC violations, udge T. Whitfield Davidson as-essed him a $2.000 fine and two oncurrent five-year prison terms. He went to Jail after Mrs. Alpha dien and Mrs. Ethel Hodges had t first considered, but later re-wed, to sign his bond of $7,500. Dave Robbins of San Antonio, ¡step's chauffeur, took several rhite shirts and some towels to w Jail Friday night. Gilbreath aid Saturday these have not been lven to Estep. While In Jail, Estep has been rearing the same gray suit he rore while standing trial here last reek, the Jailer reported. M.s. Estep left the Jail yard hur-ledly when the Jailer ordered her I to cease talking with her husband through the window of his second I floor cell from the yard of the jail. She ran back to the car when j Gilbreath asked her. “Say, lady, do you want to go up in this jail, too?” Estep's legal troubles continued to multiply Saturday. He was served notice to appear in a Travis County District Court within 90 days for a hearing in connection with the cancellation of Atomotor Manufacturing Co.’s charter. Texas Ranger Jim Paulk and Deputy Sheriff Fred Ownby served this writ, which was issued by the Texas attorney general's office. U. S. District Attorar? Heard Floore said Saturday in Fort Worth that Estep would not be permitted to go to San Antonio to stand trial on a state felony trial there until he posts bond on his federal conviction. William Soltes of Dallas was Estep’s bondsman on the indictment before Estep’s trial here. Efforts have been made to get Soltes to sign Estep’s new bond. However, Soltes Is Jewish and was not expected to take action on the matter until the end of the Passover, a Jewish r eligious holiday which lasta throiiu April 21. Nasser told reporters the new setup was arranged “with full agreement of Gen. Naguib.” He said that after Naguib’s health failed March 29 the President expressed a desire to devote his full time to the presidency. Nasser said he conferred with Naguib Saturday morning concerning the Cabinet shakeup and that Naguib arranged to tend the Council meeting but was prevented by “sudden fatigue.” After the meeting, three Council members called on Naguib at his home and said he issued the order, as president, for Nasser to form the new' Cabinet. THE WEATHER u. 8. DKPARTMKHT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILF.NK AND VICINITY—Fair and warm Sunday and Monday. High temperature both day* 15 to #0. Low Sunday night 60. ' NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS Generally lair, warm and windy Sunday •nd Monday. EAST AND SOUTH CENTRAL TEXAS: Generally fair and a little warmer Sunday: Monday, partly cloudy and warm: moderate to freah southerly wind* on the coast, except locally *trong in the afternoons. TEMPER ATI'RES SAT. A. M. SAT. P. M. 54 ........ 1:3« ............ TO 54 ....... 3:30 ............ 81 54 ............ 3 30 S3 54 ............ 4-30 ............ 83 54 ............ 8 30 83 54 ............ 6 30 W 57 ............ 7 30 73 (13 ............ 1:30 ............ 67 7« ............ • 30 «7 73 ............ 10 30 — 75 ............ 11 30 — 77 ....... 13:30 ............ — High and low temperature* for 34 hour* ended at 6:30 p. m.: 83 and 63. High and low temperature* »am# date la*t year 93 and 53. Sunset last nightt 7:10 p. m. SunrUe today 6:07 a in. Sunset tonight 7 U p m. Barometer reading at l.3t f m. RAiO. Relative humidity at t:M p. ». SUt. Mundl May Ask Senate to Rule On Joe’s Role WASHINGTON, April 17 1 The Senate may have to be asked to rule on the part to be played by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) in the probe of his row with top Army officials, Sen. Mundt iR-SD> said today. Mundt, acting chairman of the Senate Investigations subcommittee. called this “an outside possibility” and told newsmen he hoped that “mutually acceptable arrangements” could be worked out for the conduct of the probe. A key issue to be settled before the start of televised, public hearings is w hether McCarthy, who has temporarily relinquished his chairmanship of the subcommittee, shall have the right to cross-examine Army witnesses. Mundt said that even if the issue should be taken to the Senate for a decision, this would not necessarily force a postponement in the hearings which are scheduled to begin Thursday. He added he was hopeful that the Senate, if called on to make a ruling, w'ould agree to give the matter top priority. He said he felt the Senate could dispose of it it in a couple of hours, although he recognized that it could stir up prolonged debate. “My hope is that the Senate would share the committee’s desire to get this thing done w’ith as quickly as possible.” Mundt said. McCarthy was reported to be determined to appeal to the Senate any move to bump him off the subcommittee for the duration of the inquiry. A source close to McCarthy, unwilling to be quoted by name, said that “if they try to put him off the committee, he will take it to the Senate floor.” McCarhy is expected to return from a Texas vacation in time to meet with subcommittee members Monday for a discussion of his role in the probe. Although McCarthy has turned over the chairmanship of the subcommittee to Sen. Mundt (R-SD> and has announced he w ill not vote, he has insisted he should have the right to cross-examine witnesses. He also has urged that the Army be accorded the same privilege. Mundt said yesterday, however, that he hoped McCarthy would agree to step aside and let the questioning of witnesses be done by the other members of the subcommittee and their special counsel, Ray H. Jenkins. Sen. Johnson To Announce For 2nd Term AUSTIN, April 17 (J 1 )—Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson has written his friends at home that they may expect his formal announcement for reelection to his second term “within a few days.’’ Johnson’s future intentions were first made known many months ago when he travelled thousands of miles and made scores of speeches reporting on his first term’s work as senator from Texas. Since Congress is not expected to adjourn before Aug. 1, Johnson likely will be too busy as minority leader In the Senate to put on much of a personal campaign back home prior to the Democratic primary July 24. But if any kind of serious opposition develops, the senator’s friends said he would probably step up the tempo of his radio reports and perhaps make some appearances in Texas Thus far Johnson has only one opt>onent. He is freshman state Rep. Dudley Dougherty, SO, wealthy oil and cattle man of Beeville. Dougherty has confined bis campaigning to statements issued through an Austin public relations man. He was not as active during the special session of the Legislature as many political observers expected a candidate for higher office to be. Gov. Allan Shivers yesterday eliminated himself as a possible* opponent for Johnson. Talk that Coke Stevenson Jr., might make the race for the office his father lost to Johnson In 1948 apparently has received little encouragement, although young Stevenson has had nothing to say about it publicly. Texai Republicans have said they would like to put someone in the field against Johnson, but thus far there have been no signs that they had found the man they are looking for. Halt Asked in Tax Cuts by Congress WASHINGTON, April 17 i/P)—Former President Herbert Hoover warned todav that next year’s federal budget deficit mav reach “7 1 ; 2 billion dollars or more.” Pleading for a halt to tax-cutting for the present and stronger efforts at cost-cutting, Hoover told the American Society of Newspaper Editors that “the disciples of more spending and still lower taxes are having their way.” His remarks were aimed ini large fart at “pressure groups” ■■ Iff* seeking large expenditures and de- l*|AMph rfftfflSllA in and« in Congre«« ter further big | | v||V|| LIIUCII|C tax out 4 ' ww «• The former president warned _ _ — that the potential deficit. 2 l a times j 11 aa 1% aa I Tv'AANf as great as the official forecast of |rRQP| I ||J|]|j\ the Eisenhower administration re- ■ wwoowi ■ p fleets an inflationary policy which' is “the surest road to disaster in 111*11^ A our society of free men.” W R|iff VlflVOllf*I% “It is the surest road to disaster I" ■III VHj VIIVIJ in our defense against the Communist horde.” he added. HANOI, Indochina, April 17 UB-— Patience Needed French foot troops lunged out of In an address prepare«' for a Dien Bien Phu today in a desper banquet ending the editors’ three day meeting here. Hoover said newspapers must preach patience to the states, cities and pressure groups who bombard Washington with appeals for “handouts.” Hoover promised that, if post-ponable outlays can be deferred for a while, his Commission on Government Reorganization will be able to report within a few’ months on methods of saving five to seven billion dollars of government spending annually. But he painted a bleak picture of' current progress of the Eisen-how'er administration’s effort to deem its pledge of balancing* the budget. ate attempt to bayonet Red - led Vietminh from their entrenchments 800 yards from the heart of the embattled bastion. On the heels of the bayonet attacks, Union infantry peppered the encircling rebels with grenades and machine gun fire, killing at least 20. But a French command spokesman said the Vietminh still clung to the trenches they dug along the vital air strip two days ago. While hand to hand fighting raged along the fringes of the bastion’s barbed wire defenses, waves of Dakotas and Flying Box Cars ranged overhead parachuting men and equipment to the harried “It is already clear that the def- garrison braced for a long awaited lcit for this fiscal year ending 76 mass rebel days hence will be larger than The high command said t’volun- BUNNY DOLLARS—These two young Abilenians, Holly Purcell and David Barrera, admire the $10 checks they received as first place winners in The Reporter-News Bugs Bunny Coloring Contest. (Staff Photo by David Barros) 1,887 ENTRIES Abilene Boy, Girl Win Bugs Contest the budget estimate <of $3.300,000.-000)” the Republican elder statesman said. “For next year instead of a $2,* 900.000,000 deficit, it will rise to a minimum of five billion dollars. “And if the George amendment Ho increase personal income tax exemptions) passes the deficit may rise to 7*2 billion dollars or possibly more.” te<*r paratroopers” had* been dropped into the fortress. He said this was not because the French lacked regular paratroopers, but to help conserve tbeir reserves. French artillery raked the rebels’ rear lines in an effort to knock the Vietminh’s big guns which have kept the disputed airstrip under constant bombardment. Union warplanes rained fire and explosive bombs on the encircling jungle hills where thousands of rebel troops await the call to mount a full-scale attack on the Six children in Abilene and the West Texas area will be assured of a happy Easter due to a Bunny by the name of Bugs. First place winners in the two divisions in the Reporter - News Bugs Bunny Coloring Contest are Holley Purcell, 11, in the age group 8-12 and David Barrera. 6, in the age group 1-7. A total of 1,887 entries were received. Other winners in the 8-12 division are Linda James of 1210 Grand Ave., Abilene, second place; and Martha Lane Burrow of Rt. 1, Ackerly, third place. Honorable mentions are Joanna Au-dette Partridge. Box 204. Seymour; J. V. Klinger of 2009 Merchant St., Abilene; and Douglas Rosenqui3t of Rt. 1, Avoca. Winners in the 1-7 group besides David are Cynthia L. Brown, Box 42, Stamford, second place; and Roger Dale Proctor, Box 935, Colorado City, third place. Honrable mentions are Marilyn Kay Teichelman, Sager-ton; Mable Ruth Love, Rt. 2, Anson; and Rose Diane Bond, 129 NW Ave. F„ Hamlin. Holley is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Lawrence Purcell of 1926 South 19th St., Abilene. She is in the fifth grade at Bowie Elementary School. Holley plays the piano and likes to color and draw. She has a younger sister, Sara Lou, David is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Jesse Barrera of 434 Ash St., Abilene. He is enrolled in the first grade at Houston school and also likes to color and draw. He has an older brother, Jesse Jr., 15; and three older sisters, Her-linda, 13. Ruby, 12, and Alice, 10. First place prizes are $10, second place, $5, and third place, $2.50. Judging was by Hardin-Simmons University art classes under the direction of Miss A. M. Carpenter and Mrs. Maurice Martin. NEWS INDEX SECTION A McCarthy Story , 9 Oil newt......... . . 10-11 SECTION B Abilene Homes ..... .„... 1* Indo-China War ..... 2 Business Outlook ..... 6 SECTION C Home Pilgrimoge . . 1 Pilgrimage Story ..... 3 Newcomen........ .....4 Hollywood Beauty . . . ..... 8 Fashionably Spooking ____9 Club Cotondor ____ 12 SECTION D Sports . . ........ .. 2-3-4 Church news . . ..... .....5 Radio & TV Log .... .....5 Amusements .... ..... 6 Books............. Peres mm »••••••••••• IS Nixon Says Oppenheimer 'Is Loyal' WASHINGTON. April 17 (*—'Vice President Nixon has expressed the opinion that Dr. J. Robert Oppenheimer "is a loyal American” and should not be barred from government work if he is not a security risk. These remarks about the atomic scientist previously had been attributed to a high administration official who talked to newsmen with the stipulation that his name not be used. Tonight James Reston, Washington correspondent of the New York Times, identified the official as Nixon. Nixon has had contact with the Oppenheimer case since 1948, when the physicist—who played a leading role in development of the atomic bomb—was questioned by the House Un-American Activities Committee. Nixon was formerly committee chairman. On direct orders from President Eisenhower, Oppenheimer has been denied further access to U.S. atomic secrets pending a review of the case by a special three-man committee. The Atomic Energy Commission announced it had received information Oppenheimer w8Â a security risk. Oppenheimer denied that he was a risk and asked for a hearing. Nixon said yesterday that, “if the man is not a security risk, if he is not subject to blackmail, he should work for the government.” The vice president, who has seen the full file on Oppenheimer, said: "Dr. Oppenheimer, at least on the evidence I have seen, in my opinion, is a loyal American. On the other hand, the information in his file is voluminous and makes ^ ‘prlya fade’ case of security This does not take into account what Congress may do in appropriating funds, Hoover said, but “if the demands of pressurte groups have their sweet way the situation bastion, will be etfen w'orse—some people j Military observers expect the have expressed the horrid thought rebel’s veteran commander, Gen. it will reach nine billion dollars.”Nguyen Giap, to launch a ma-Whereas the “handout phiioso- J° r thrust in an attempt to score phy” at one time was “tax and a victory before the Geneva con-tax, spend and spend,” Hoover fevence opens April 26. said the refrain is now “cut taxes,! These observers believe Giap cut taxes” but the spend-and-spend ma y be waiting for heavier mon-philosophy lives on. soon rains w'hich would bog dowia •The Immediate medication is French a nnor and hamper French no further reduction of taxes than! JIT attacks. the administration proposals, and,Giap was reported to have 45,-to systematically reduce govern-. fresh troops to throw into the ment expenditures until the budget a!(a ck. He began his siege of Dien < a. . . . . _ _ - • „ I i t e\ I. J n ■ * tin Iin a* *1 * I >,.UL £ deficit is met.” Hoover declared. “Then and then alone, can inflation be stopped.” Must Save Defense With a little patience, he went Bien Phu March 13 with four seasoned Vietminh divisions, but their ranks have been badly depleted by savage French resistance. Censhorship has not permitted on,* defense costs -can be reduced correspondents to report the num by taking advantage of new weap- Of Union troop* defending Dien ons and methods of warfare. There ” l , e , n But a reliable ^ourco is hope in this field, he said, be- See HOOVER, Pg. 5-A. Col. 4 told The Associated Press the defense force numbers about 14,000 men. Troops to Indo Are ‘Unlikely’ WASHINGTON, April 17 14* — j The State Department state-The State Department declared to- ment, which was carefully worded, night it is “highly unlikely” that did not “pull the rug” from under American troops will have to re- Nixon. In fact the statement was place French forces in Indochina, understood on high authority to but supported Vice President Nix- have received the Vice Preston’s stand that Southeast Asia dent’s approval before it was is-must be saved from Communist sued. aggression. Nixon's remarks to the editors The department issued a state- yesterday were made in response ment amid a hornet’s nest of con- to a question as to whaW would gressional controversy stirred by happen if the French wiThdrew. remarks of Vice President Nixon] Nixon prefaced his answer with yesterday. The Vice President, an- the comment that he didn’t think swering a hypothetical question at the French would pull out. a session of the American Society Nixon stipulated that none of his of Newspaper Editors, said that in remarks was to be attributed to the unlikely event that the French j him but the ^entity of the speak-withdrew from Indochina, Ameri- er teaked out todav in the United can troops might be sent in. States and abroad. This produced hot discussions on T } u . state Department statement Capitol Hill, with some legislators j ssued by press Officer Jameson opposing any such use of Ameri- j Parker saW Nixon did not *t*te can troops, and others demanding an y n€ , w u.S. policy toward Indo* a clarification of administration china in his talk but was simply policy. Sen. Knowland of California, Senate Republican leader, said is was defining a course of “possible action” that he was “personally prepared to support” in a “highly un- “conceivable” but “improbable” ugeiy*' situation, that the United States might even- j p ar it er did not name or identify tuaUy have to dispatch military Nixon but referred to remarks ”*t-forces. tributed to a high government of- But he expressed confidence that ftcial.“ President Eisenhower would ask Parker made these chief points: prior approval of Congress before ^ Nixon's speech “enunciated taking any such step. And Knowl- no new United States policy with and, like other administration lead- regard to Indochina” but rather ers, stressed that the responsibil- expressed ’’full agreement” with President lty for safeguarding Southeast Asia t h e poMcy outlined by is an international one, got a^taskl , i iter the United SUtea alone. i Us TROOPS, Pg. U M.M.I
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