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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 17, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND MILD Abilene Reporter- "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXm, No. 305 Aaociatzd Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING, APRIL 17, PAGES PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc More Firings Due In FHA Scandal WASHINGTON tB-Housing Ad- ministrator Albert M. Cole says early criminal prosecutions may develop out of a "full administra- tive cleanup" of the scandal- shocked Federal Housing Adminis- tration. He also promises new top level firings. Cole summoned to a strategy council this afternoon key officials of the Justice Department, the In- ternal Revenue Service, and his Housing and Home Finance Agen- cy which has jurisdiction over the FHA. All To Cooperate President Eisenhower yesterday armed Cole with a directive to all federal agencies to cooperate fully with the administration's probe of alleged multimillion dollar rackets under the FHA's loan insurance program in the home repair and apartment construction fields. Two congressional committees set to open public hearings Trunk Murderer Escapes Prison CANYON CITY, Colo. man Espinoa, 33, Denver trunk murderer, walked awaj from a work gang at the state prison here yesterday. Prison officials said they be. lieved he was hiding in the imme- diate vicinity but searchers failed in efforts to flush him out. Espinosa, a life termer, was classified by acting Warden Harry Tinsley as dangerous. A former Houston, Tex., farm laborer, he convicted last December of killing his common-law wife, Irene Heyes. Her body was found stuffed in a trunk in the South Platte River north of Denver. Grocer Robbed, Pur in Cooler CHICAGO IS> gunmen robbed Matthew Zaucha, 35, of in his grocery store last night and then argued on whether to force him into his walk-in meat cooler. They finally decided to put Zaucha into the refrigerator after he 'assured -them he could get out without freezing. next week in parallel investigations of the FHA, and the Eisenhower order directed federal cooperation with these groups also. Cole announced yesterday that Burton C. Bovard had been "placed on leave" after he had refused to quit as FHA general counsel. Cole said that "in the next few days we will make such other removals as are necessary to insure a free, swift, uninhibited investigation of all relevant FHA matters." Mentioning evidence already un- covered of "incredible" official laxity, Cole said he expects "in a fairly short time to develop cases possibly leading to prosecu- tion and to lake any additional steps needed for full administra- tive cleanup in the FHA." Gambling Set It Off Cole later confirmed published reports that gambling by one key FHA official had a part in setting off the investigation. The Washington Post and Times- Herald said the FBI received a report that this unnamed official dropped as much as in a single night, roughly half his an- nual salary. Cole said he knew nothing of a loss, but that "I do know one official is known in some circles to be a gambler." This official, said Cole, is in a responsible job. He added: "I had his situation in mind when I be- gan the investigation." Windshield Spots Still A Mystery CANTON. Ohio have received nearly 1000 reports of auto windshields blemished in a mys- terious manner in Stark County. Reports on similar damage have come also from neighboring coun- ties in northern Ohio. Following on the heels of an epidemic in the Pacific Northwest, the rash of pock-marked wind- shields has completely befuddled authorities here. A supervisor at a closely guarded plant parking lot told sheriffs dep- uties the windshields of 63 cars in the lot were pitted yesterday. VICTORY GRIN Sleepless and unshaven, Patrick B. McGinnis grins at the news that he has gained control of the half-billion- dollar New Haven Railroad. The victors' for the New York finan- cier and" his associates came af- ter an all-night proxy battle at a stockholders meeting in New- Haven, Conn. McGinnis placed 11 directors on the 21-man Board of Directors of the railroad. Air Force Asks Rental Survey The Air Force has requested the Abilene Chamber of Com- merce to make a survey of im- mediately available one, two and three bedroom rental units, W. P. (Dub) Wright, chairman of the chamber national defense commit- tee, announced Saturday. Wright said persons having such units that are not listed with a real estate agency or realtor may call 4-4180 to submit the informa- tion along with the price of the unit He emphasized that this is just a survey and does not mean that the units will be rented at this time. Wright explained that informa- tion on units listed with real es- tate agencies has already been ob- tained and asked that these unit owners not call. He also stressed that the Abi- lene C-C will not be able to re- ceive calls or letters on this mat- ter after 2 p. m.' Monday. OBSERVED AROUND WORLD First Easter in H-Bomb Era Brings Prayers for Peace NEW YORK first Easter by the Army, in gardens at the [the scene of a colorful sunrise of the H-bomb era will be observed, Walter Reed Medical Center; by service to be conducted by Gov. around the world tomorrow the Navy, on grounds of the Naval prayers for peace and salvation. Medical Center; and by the Air Rejoicing that Christ is risen Force, at Boiling Field, mingles with fears that man Nearby, the Grand Encamp- "i ment, Knights Templar, will spon- sor sunrise services at the Arling- fashioned a weapon that could ment, Knights Templar, will spon- doom civilization. t ".._ The hope of men, women National Cemetery Amphi- children at Eastertide was that the occasion never would arise to unleash the bomb's fury. President Eisenhower, on whose shoulders rests much of the free world's burden of preventing war, will Ga. In attend services at Augusta, Appears on Loggia Rome, Pope Pius XII will appear on the loggia of St. Peter's basilica, to impart benediction to the world. The Christian feast of Easter, by unusual coincidence, comes this year on the same day as the Jew- ish feast of Passover, which com- memorates the flight of the Israel- ites from Egypt. Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the American Jewish Congress, said in a Passover message that the feast, to Jews, "is a 5.000-year- old rite commemorating the brave free spirit which dominates their lives and thinking." Although the Holy Land itself is torn with Jewish-Arab tension, church bells will call worshipers to service as usual on Easter in old Jerusalem, scene of the cruci- fixion and resurrection. Across the United States, hun- dreds of thousands of worshipers will attend outdoor or indoor sun- rise services. A number, of the out- door services, mostly Protestant or non denominational, will be on hill or mountain tops. Good Weather Promised In traditional gay note, women will don their new finery. The weather man promised "ideal" conditions for New York's annual "Easter Parade" on Fifth Avenue. NBC-TV will televise on its net- work scenes from Park Avenue at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel from 12 noon to 1 p.m. but none of the networks planned any telecasts of the Fifth Avenue procession. They were mindful of criticism they received two years ago that the Fifth Avenue TV pickup was turned into a commercial spectacle by publicity-minded people push- Ing into camera range to adver- tise various wares. What is claimed to be the big- gest Easter egg in the world. 12'i feet long and nine feet wide, is on display at Red Cloud, Neb., for an annual Easter egg hunt that sonie children. Minden, Neb., known as the "Christmas City" because of its brilliant lighting Yuletide, is branching out this year with an Easter lighting display expected to rlvil the Christmas show. 3 Services Plinned In Washington, three military Krrtcei ichcduled theater. In Boston, the Navy will conduct a Protestant sunrise service at 5 a.m. aboard the ancient frigate Constitution. A half hour earlier, non-denomi- national services will be held at the Cathedral of the Pines, Rindge. N.H., on a knoll cleared of giant pines by the 1938 hurricane. In remote little mountain vil- lages in Northern New Mexico, the Penitente Brotherhood observed the Easter season without its for- mer physical excesses, such as self-flagellation. Members of the order once be- lieved only blood could atone for their sins. The group, long out- lawed, was recognized by the Catholic Church in 1947 and since has been required to keep its rites within moderation. at Lawton An attendance of to depending on weather, is expected at the annual sunrise Easter serv- ices and pageant in the Wichita Mountains near Lawton in south- western Oklahoma. There will be 62 scenes and hundreds of persons in the Holy City pageant. The Shrine of Ages on the south rim of the Grand Canyon will, be Howard Pyle of Arizona. On the summit of Hot Springs Mountain in Arkansas, the Hot Springs Choral Club will present its 20th annual Easter sunrise sendee. A 150-voice choir of. soldiers sta- tioned at Fort Hood, Killeen, Tex., will sing at Easter services at Fort Hood Stadium. A cast of 100 persons will present a sunrise Easter pageant in Lawiel Land Memorial Park. Fort Worth. More than persons are expected to attend the eighth an- nual Easter sunrise service at Na- tural Bridge, Virginia's famed nat- aural wonder near Roanoke. Sun- rise services will be held also at Swaunanoa, an impressive manor house on the edge of the Blue Ridge Parkway near Waynesboro. Five hundred worshipers on horseback will attend a traditional service at Lakewood, a suburb of Denver, Colo. The mountainous state will have other services at the park of the Red Rocks, west of Denver, and in the Garden of the Gods near Colorado Springs. Club to Summit Thousands of worshipers will climb to the summit of Mt. David- son in San Francisco's major out- door service. Philadelphia will have sunrise services in Reyburn Plaza, opposite City Hall, under sponsorship of the Junion Chamber of Commerce. Seattle will have three major outdoor Easter dawn services. Lawmakers Challenge Use of American GIs JOE'S TURN Charges Against Army Ready WASHINGTON A "bill o particulars" by Sen. McCarthj (R-Wis) against top Army today was reported in store foi his Senate investigations subcom mittee when it goes into closed door session Monday. McCarthy was vacationing in Texas. But he was expected back in Washington over the weekend to attend subcommittee talks which may determine whether the group can, as it now plans, launch on Thursday a public, televised search for the truth among the charges and counter-charges involved. Word from his associates was that McCarthy "will be preparet to submit Monday a written state- ment of specifications" denying denouncing accusations the Army has levelled at him and a group of aides, and spelling out counter- charges McCarthy is raising against top Army officials. That could clear away a major stumbling block to a Thursday start of thelinquiry. Other hurdles still among them a deci sion by the subcommittee on just role it will let McCarthy play in the hearing. Army Accused Him The Army submitted its "bill oi particulars" three days ago. It ac- cused the senator and two aides of trying to exert improper pres sure to obtain favored treatmen1 for Pvt G. David Schine, a former non-salaried subcommittee consult ant -'McCarthy has stepped tempor orily from the subcommittee chair manship while the group in vest! gates him and .the staff aides under the Army's fire. Sen. Mundt who will pru side at the inquiry, says he hopes McCarthy will agree Monday to step farther to the side by waiving the right to question witnesses. Mundt said yesterday the Army was not "as specific as we could have liked" in its bill of partic- ulars. He said he expects from the Mc- Carthy camp Monday a point-by- point reply to the accusatioins, plus one or more statements detailing the countercharges of "blackmail" which McCarthy -and his aides had aimed at Secretary of the Army Stevens and John G. Adams, Army general counsel. Mundt said he had told all the disputants he wanted from each a bill of particulars of what it is pre- pared to back up under oath and under "the searching scrutiny" oi the subcommittee's staff. Will Be Documents The bill, he said, will be docu- ments "on which each side stakes its reputatioin for veracity." Mundt said yesterday the Mc- Carthy camp is entitled .to cry foul" because somebody leaked to some reporters an account of the Army's official bill of particulars ahead ot schedule. But he said an inquiry into the source of the leak should not hold up the start of the inquiry. Roy M. Cohn, a McCarthy aide named in the Army's accusations, in a telephone interview from New York last night said McCarthy will take up the matter of the "leak1 with the subcommittee Monday. Jesse James Says He'll Run Again AUSTIN. April 17 tfl James, state treasurer -since 1941, announced today he would seek re- election to the post. WATER, WATER, wade, in floodwaters near Elsa, Texas, as heavy rains force persons from their homes in Rio Grande Valley, almost waterless a week ago. FINAL RESPECTS Trainer-owner Terrell Jacobs pays final respects :to his world famous lion, Sheba, in Hugo, Okla. The Shrine circus lion jwas-embalmed with six gallons of and cask'et was made from two large washtubs. Jacobs holds Jtonarch, who will replace Sheba undetthelSPfpin a few'f eiftr1' Demands Mode To Nome Official WASHINGTON top administration official's decla- ration that American troops might be used in a last-ditch effort to save Indo-china today brought prompt challenges from both Republican and Democratic lawmakers. The official, who remained publically unnamed despite demands for disclosure of his identity so that he could be questioned by Congress, said he believes Indochina can be saved from the Communists by other means without em- ploying U.S. combat units there. But he said that if French forces should withdraw, an event he called unlikely, this coun- try would have to send in troops. He said this was and he repeated the words of President Eisenhower "wo cannot afford any retreat in Asia." His statement, made yesterday to newsmen who were cautioined not to make public his name, in- cluded a prediction the French gov- ernment is "going to be putting on the pressure" to negotiate an Indochina truce with the Commu- NEWSMAN SAYS IT WAS NIXON LONDON London Times' Washington correspon- dent indicated today that Vice President Nixon was the "high administration source" who said America must be ready to send troops to Indochina if they are needed there. The correspondent started his story by saying the state- ment was made by "what is described as a high, adminis- tration source." After a few lines of direct quotes from the statement, the correspondent wrote: "The only 'high administra- tion source who made a speech this Friday afternoon was the Vice President. Mr. Nixon spoke 'off the record' to the annual meeting of the American Society ot Newspa- per Editors." Oppenheimer loyal, But A Risk, Official Says WASHINGTON high-level member of the Eisenhower admin- istration says he feels that Atomic Scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer is a "loyal even though "the information in his file is volu- minous and makes a. case of security risk." This official gave his opinion to newsmen, but stipulated that his name not be disclosed. He has had contact with the Oppenheimer case since 1348 when the pioneer physi- with a leading role in development of the atomic was questioned by a congressional committee. On Ike's Orders Oppenheimer has been barred on President Eisenhower's orders from further access to II. S. atom- ic secrets pending a review of his case. A special three-man Atomic Energy Commission panel has been sitting in the case. A "blank wall" was ordered placed between Oppenheimer and government atomic data last De- cember after the AEC said it had received information that he was a security risk. The scientist de- nied this and asked for a hearing. The administration official said it is up to the panel headed by'for- mer Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, to decide whether Oppen- heimer is a security risk. The offi- cial said he is "sure Dr. Oppen- heimer will get a fair hearing." He said the physicist's file presents "an extremely difficult problem." The overshadowing issue in the Oppenheimer case, said this ..offi- cial, is whether the government should hold that past associations, even if foresworn, should forever after rule out government employ- ment Each on Merits "I do not believe it he said, and added: "I believe each case should be considered on its merits, partic- ularly when dealing with an ideo- ogy which during the 1930's had such an. appeal among the intelli- gentsia and various other groups. "If the man is not a security risk, if he is not subject to Hack- mail, he should have a right to work for the government. "Dr. Oppenheimer, at least on lie evidence I have seen, in my opinion is a loyal American. On the other hand the information in his 'fle is voluminous and makes a prima facie' case of security risk." One of the allegations against Most of U.S. Due For Sunny Easter NEW YORK W-Easter Sunday weather for most of the nation will be clear and sunny, the Weath- r Bureau predicts. The only show- ers expected are for the Northern >reat Lakes section. Northeast'and Northwest states will be cool while warmer weather should hit the Central Plaint Staten, tht bureau Oppenheimer is he opposed devel- opment of the hydrogen bomb even after President Truman ordered in 1950 that work on that super-weap- on be pushed. Oppenheimer has as- serted he dropped his opposition as soon as Truman made his decision and that he went at the task with a will. Name Not Mentioned Sen. Hickenlooper a former chairman of the Senate- House Atomic Energy Committee and now its vice-chairman, was asked on a CBS radio program last night whether disloyalty figured in the H-bomb delay. "I wouldn't pass judgment that particular matter at this Hickenlooper replied. Oppenheimer's name was not mentioned. Asked if he felt there was a de- liberate delay in developing the H- bomb, the Iowa senator answered that he did not want to state that the lag "was or was not deliber- ate." Hickenlooper did say "the orogram was not started as early as I thought it should he started." POLICE LOSE HAND GRENADE UNDER SEAT OF AMBULANCE SALT LAKE CITY A. Walker, with the glory of spring in his heart, went digging in his garden yesterday. But he quit quick when he turned up a hand grenade. He called police to come and get it. Told them he didn't want to grow little hand grenades. Police finally tfirew it into the Jordan not before a frantic, search. They lost the grenade when it rolled under the seat of their police ambulance on the way to the river. CULLEN'S GUEST Fishing's Over, Joe Leaves Texas By THE ASSOCIATED' PRESS Sen. Joseph McCarthy, contro- versial Wisconsin Republican, pre- pared to leave Houston Saturday for Washington after a visit, of sev- eral days in Texas. McCarthy and his wife, Jean, had dinner Friday night at the home of Hugh Roy Cullen, Houston oilman-philanthropist. .Cullen is one of the Texas millionaires who backed President Eisenhower in the 1952 campaign. Recently, however, Cullen has said that he believes McCarthy is the "greatest man in America.' Earlier in the day Friday, Me Carthy had gone fishing in the Golf of Mexico. As reporters and 'pho- tographers gathered around, .Cul len was asked by one newsman: "What are you going to do if he (McCarthy) catches a Throw Back' "Tell him to throw him back Cullen smiled. The senator, whose Communist- hunting tactics in the last five years have excited vide comment and brought him worldwide repute is to return to'Texas next week to be the principal speaker at cere- monies marking the 118th anniver- sary of Battlt of San Jacinto. The senator is to make his speech on April 21, San Jacinto Day, from the same spot where the Republic of Texas Army under General Sam Houston surprised and defeated the Mexican Army under General Lopez Antonio de Santa Anna. The Texas victory marked the defeat of Mexico and the beginning of Texas Independ- ence. Meanwhile, McCarthy was still getting criticism which started when he accepted Cullen's invita- tion to make, the San Jacinto Day speech. Askt Apologies W. O. (Bill) Cooper of Dallas told a Young Democrat meeting at Ranger Friday night that McCar- thy should not be allowed to speak at the San Jacinto ceremonies un- til the Senator "apologues to the parents of the 232 American fight- ing men massacred at Malmedy, Belgium, by Nazi S. S. troops." Cooper said that McCarthy in senate floor speeches urged light reuiences for the Germans in- volved. Cooper Is a Dallas builder and Leyaliit Democrat who also criticises Gov. Allan Shivers and the Democratic Statt Executive CouinittM. nists at the April 26 Geneva Con- ference. Would Deliver Indochina It was his opinion, the official said in a clear indicatbn ot Amer- ican opposition to such a move, ihat such a truce would deliver Indochina to the communists. Although the official's declara- tion was regarded in some quar- ters as reflecting a National Se- curity Council decision, the pur- ported policy was challenged im- mediately by Republicans as weH as Democrats. Sen. Hickenlooper a Senate Foreign Relations Commit- tee member, said in an interview he doesn't believe any decision has been made to use American troops Indochina under any .circum- stances. "If we have such a policy, I'd .like to know about Hieken- loopet said, "but T don't-tblnk: have." Sen. Bong a former Armed Services Committee mem- ber, said no.'TJ. S: troops should be sent to Indochina without a congressional resolution approving it And he said he would vote against any such resolution. Guarding Against War President Eisenhower told his news conference Feb. 10 that no one could be more bitterly opposed to getting the United States in- rolved in a hot war in Indochina Ian he was. Consequently, he said every move he authorized was cal- culated, as far as humans could do it, to make certain that does not happen. The storm over the Indochina statement overshadowed a contro- versy over President rfedge yesterday that the United States will maintain a "fair share" of troops in Europe for joint de- "ense of the continent "while a threat to that area exists." The President's declaration, is- sued from his vacation headquar- at Augusta, Ga., was ad- dressed to the prime ministers of the six nations involved in tht projected European Defense Com- munity. U. S. officials indicated it vas aimed at encouraging the re- uctant French to join the organi- zation. Chairman Saitonstall (R-Mass) of the Senate Armed Services Com- nittee said he was asking Secre- ary of Defense Wilson to describe the "official nature of the com- mitment." Predicts Discussion Sen. Mansfield a For- eign Relations Committee mem- ber, predicted there will be dis- cussion in the Senate of what he said was the administration's fail- ure to tell members of, the Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees about the announce- ment Administration sources said t had been discussed with both Republican and Democratic lead- ers. THE WEATHER U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE ABILENE A Nil and nlld tempera.ares Saturday and Sunday- high Saturday 75 to 80; low Saturday ilght 50; high Sunday 50, NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS Generally air and a little warmer this afternoon, to- night and Sanday. WEST TEXAS Generally fair through iunday. A little warmer this afternoon -ad in South Plains and Pecos Valley astward tonight. EAST AND SOOTH CJENTRAI. Generally fair and a little warmer this afternoon, tonight and Sunday, Gentle to moderate variable, mostly southerly, vlnds a the coast, becoming moderate to iresh outherly Suaday. -t Prt. P-V. Sat. A.M. 54 230 54 M 54 CT 54 ft M C30............ M a 57 M B M w M............HMO M a and low tiMptrallini lor M taw nded at a.m. u aM Sunset last nliht tauM taOr a.m. toejfnt Bannttw ntxUM >.m. Btltttrt tanUdV M Mi u.
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