Abilene Reporter News, April 17, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

April 17, 1954

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Issue date: Saturday, April 17, 1954

Pages available: 30

Previous edition: Friday, April 16, 1954

Next edition: Sunday, April 18, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 994,916

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 17, 1954, Abilene, Texas FAIR AND MILD Mme^^portcr "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE SKETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron firPHTTHTP 1j V Jbil iliu FINAL VOL. LX}ÿII, No. 305 Associati Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, SATURDAY EVENING. APRIL 17. 1954—EIGHT PAGES MoreFiringsDue In FHA Scandal PRICE DAILY 5c. SUNDAY 10c WASHINGTON (Ä>)—Housing Administrator Albert M. Cole says early criminal prosecutions may develop out of a “full administrative cleanup” of the scandal-«hocked Federal Housing Administration. He also promises new top level firings. Cole summoned to a strategy council this afternoon key officials of the Justice Department, the Internal Revenue Service, and his Housing and Home Finance Agency which has jurisdiction over the FHA. All To Cooperate President Eisenhower yesterday armed Cole with a directive to all federal agencies to cooperate fully with the administration’s probe of alleged multimillion dollar rackets under the FHA’s loan insurance program in the home repair and apartment construction fields. Two congressional committees are set to open public hearings Trunk Murderer Escapes Prison CANYON CITY. Colo. UP)—Fer-man Espinoa, 33, Denver trunk murderer, walked awa^ from a work gang at the state prison here yesterday. Prison officials said they believed he was hiding in the immediate vicinity but searchers failed in efforts to flush him out. Espinosa, a life termer, was classified by acting Warden Harry Tinsley as dangerous. A former Houston, Tex., farm laborer, he W'as convicted last December of killing his common-law wife, Irene Reyes. Her body was found stuffed in a trunk in the South Platte River north of Denver. Grocer Robbed, Put in Cooler CHICAGO (iP) —Two gunmen robbed Matthew Zaucha, 35, of $300 in his grocery store last night and then argued on whether to force him into his w'alk-in meat cooler. They finally decided to put Zaucha into the refrigerator after he assured them he could get out without freezing. next week in parallel investigations of the FHA, and the Eisenhower order directed federal cooperation with these groups also. Cole announced yesterday that Burton C. Bovard had been “placed on leave” after he had refused to quit as FHA general counsel. Cole said that “in the next few days we will make such other removals as are necessary to insure a free, swift, uninhibited investigation of all relevant FHA matters.” Mentioning evidence already uncovered of “incredible” official laxity, Cole said he expects “in a fairly short time ... to develop cases possibly leading to prosecution and to take any additional steps needed for full administrative cleanup in the FHA.” Gambling Set It Off Cole later confirmed published reports that gambling by one key FHA official had a part in setting off the investigation. The Washington Post and Times-Herald said the FBI received a report that this unnamed official dropped as much as $5,000 in a single night, roughly half his annual salary. Cole said he knew nothing of a $5,000 loss, but that “I do know one official is known in some circles to be a gambler.” This official, said Cole, is in a responsible job. He added: “I had his situation in mind when I began the investigation.” VICTORY GRIN — Sleepless and unshaven, Patrick B. McGinnis grins at the news that he has gained control of the half-billion-dollar New Haven Railroad. The victory for the New York financier and his associates came after an all-night proxy battle at a stockholders meeting in New Haven, Conn. McGinnis placed 11 directors on the 21-man Board of Director.s of the railroad. Windshield Spots Still A Mystery CANTON, Ohio (J>)—Police have received nearly 1000 reports of auto windshields blemished in a mysterious manner in Stark County. Reports on similar damage have come also from neighboring counties in northern Ohio. Following on the heels of an epidemic in the Pacific Northwest, the rash of pock-marked windshields has completely befuddled authorities here. A supervisor at a closely guarded plant parking lot told sheriffs deputies the windshields of 63 cars in the lot were pitted yesterday. Air Force Asks Rental Survey The Air Force has requested the Abilene Chamber of Commerce to make a survey of immediately available one, two and three bedroom rental units, W. P. (Dub) Wright, chairman of the chamber national defense committee, announced Saturday. Wright said persons having such units that are not listed with a real estate agency or realtor may call 4-4180 to submit the information along with the price of the unit. He emphasized that this is just a survey and does not mean that the units will be rented at this time. Wright explained that information on units listed with real estate agencies has already been obtained and asked that these unit owners not call. He also stressed that the Abilene C-C will not be able to receive calls or letters on this matter after 2 p. m. Monday. sunrise OBSERVED AROUND WORLD First Easter in H-Bomb Era Brings Prayers for Peace NEW YORK The first Easter    I by the Army, in gardens at    the    | the scene of a colorful of the H-bomb era will be observed    Walter Reed Medical Center;    by    service to be conducted by    Gov. around the world tomorrow with the Navy, on grounds of the Naval Howard Pyle of Arizona, prayers for peace and salvation.    Medical Center; and by the    Air    On the summit of Hot Springs Rejoicing that Christ is risen    Force, at Bolling Field.    Mountain in Arkansas, the    Hot mingles with fears that man hasi Nearby, the Grand Encamp- Springs Choral    Club    will    present fashioned a weapon that could ment, Knights Templar, will spon- its    20th annual    Easter    sunrise doom civilization.    sor sunrise services at the Arling- service. The hope of men. women and ton National Cemetery Amphl-children at Eastertide was that theater. the occasion never would arise to' In Boston, the Navy will conduct unleash the bomb’s fury.    | a F’rotestant sunrise service at 5 President Eisenhower, on whose a.m. aboard the ancient frigate shoulders rests much of the free | Constitution. world’s burden of preventing war, i A half hour earlier, non-denomi-wlll attend services at Augusta, I national services will be held at Ga.    the Cathedral of the Pines, Rindge. Appears on Loggia    i N.H., on a knoll cleared of giant In Rome, Pope Pius XII will; pines by the 1938 hurricane, appear on the loggia of St. Peter’s j In remote little mountain villages basilica, to impart benediction to the world. The Christian feast of Easter, by unusual coincidence, comes this year on the same day as the Jew'-Ish feast of Passover, which commemorates the flight of the Israelites from Egypt. Dr. Israel Goldstein, president of the American Jewish Congress, said in a Passover message that the feast, to Jews, “is a 5,000-year-cld rite commemorating the brave free spirit which dominates their lives and thinking.” Although the Holy Land itself is torn with Jewish-Arab tension, church bells will call worshipers to service as usual on Easter in old Jerusalem, scene of the crucifixion and resurrection. Across the United States, hundreds of thousands of w’orshipers will attend outdoor or indoor sunrise services. A number, of the outdoor services, mostly Protestant or non - denominational, will be on hill or mountain tops. Good Weather Promised Tn a traditional gay note, women will don their new finery. The weather man promised “ideal” conditions for New York’s annual *‘Easter Parade” on Fifth Avenue. NBC-TV will televise on its net-W’ork scenes from Park Avenue at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel from 12 noon to 1 p.m. (EST), but none of the networks planned any telecasts of the Fifth Avenue procession. They were mindful of criticism they received two years ago that the Fifth Avenue TV pickup was turned into a commercial spectacle by publicity-minded people pushing into camera range to advertise various wares. ’What is claimed to be the biggest Easter egg in the world. 12*4t feet long and nine feet wide, is on display at Red Cloud. Neb., for an annual Easter egg hunt that attracts some 3.000 children. Minden, Neb., known as the “Christmas City” because of its briUiant lighting at Yuletide, is branching out this year with an Easter lighting displav expected to rival the Christmas show. 3 Services Planned In Washington, three military •unriaa aervlces are scheduled — in Northern New Mexico, the Penitente Brotherhood observed the Easter season without it.s former physical excesses, such as self-flagellation. Members of the order once believed only blood could atone for their sins. The group, long outlawed, was recognized by the Catholic Church in 1947 and since has been required to keep its rites within moderation. 100,000 at Lawton An attendance of 50,000 to 100,000 depending on w'cather, is expected at the annual sunrise Easter services and pageant in the Wichita Mountains near Lawton in southwestern Oklahoma. There will be 62 scenes and hundreds of persons in the Holy City pageant. The Shrine of Ages on the south rim of the Grand Canyon will be A 150-voice choir of soldiers stationed at Fort Hood, Killeen, Tex., will sing at Easter services at Fort Hood Stadium. A cast of 100 persons will present a sunrise Easter pageant in Lawiel Land Memorial Park, Fort Worth. More than 20,000 persons are expected to attend the eighth annual Easter sunrise service at Natural Bridse, Virginia’s famed nat-aural wonder near Roanoke. Sunrise services will be held also at Swannanoa, an impressive manor house on the edge of the Blue Ridge Parkway near Waynesboro. Five hundred w’orshipers on horseback will attend a traditional service at Lakewood, a suburb of Denver, Colo. The mountainous state will have other services at the park of the Red Rocks, west of Denver, and in the Garden of the Gods near Colorado Springs. Club to Summit Thousands of worshipers will climb to the summit of Mt. Davidson in San Francisco’s major outdoor service. Philadelphia W'ill have sunrise services in Reyburn Plaza, opposite City Hall, under sponsorship of the Junion Chamber of Commerce. Seattle will have three major outdoor Easter dawn services. Lawmakers Challenge Use of American GIs JOE'S TURN Charges Against Army Ready WASHINGTON m — A “bill of particulars” by Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) against top Army officiaLl today was reported in store for his Senate Investigations subcommittee when it goes into closed-door session Monday. McCarthy was vacationing in Texas. But he was expected back in Washington over the weekend to attend subcommittee talks which may determine whether the group can, as it now plans, launch on Thursday a public, televised search for the truth among the charges and counter-charges involved. Word from his associates was that McCarthy “will be prepared to submit Monday a written statement of specifications” denying denouncing accusations the Army has levelled at him and a group of aides, and spelling out countercharges McCarthy is raising against top Army officials. That could clear away a major stumbling block to a Thursday start of the I inquiry. Other hurdles still remairt, among them a decision by the subcommittee on just what role it will let McCarthy play in the hearing. Army Accused Him The Army submitted its “bill of particulars” three days ago. It accused the senator and two aides of trying to exert improper pressure to obtain favored treatment for Pvt. G. David Schine, a former non-salaried subcommittee consultant. McCarthy has stepped tempor-orily from the subcommittee chairmanship while the group investi gates him and the staff aides under the Army's fire. Sen. Mundt (R-SD). who wül pre-side at the inquiry, says he hopes McCarthy will agree Monday to step farther to the side by waiving the right to question witnesses. Mundt said yesterday the Army was not “as specific as we could have liked” in its bill of particulars. He said he expects from the McCarthy camp Monday a point-by-point reply to the accusatioins, plus one or more statements detaUing the countercharges of “blackmail” w’hich McCarthy and his aides had aimed at Secretary of the Army Stevens and John G. Adams, Army general counsel. Mundt said he had told all the disputants he wanted from each a bill of particulars of what it is prepared to back up under oath and under “the searching scrutiny” of the subcommittee’s staff. Will Be Documents The bill, he said, will be documents “on which each side stakes its reputatioin for veracity.” Mundt said yesterday the McCarthy camp is entitled to cry foul” because somebody leaked to some reporters an account of the Army’s official bill of particulars ahead of schedule. But he said an inquiry into the source of the leak should not hold up the start of the inquiry. Roy M. Cohn, a McCarthy aide named in the Army’s accusations, in a telephone interview from New York last night said McCarthy will take up the matter of the “leak” with the subcommittee Monday. Jesse James Says He'll Run Again AUSTIN, April 17 UP —Jesse James, state treasurer since 1941, announced today he would seek re-election to the post. WATER, WATER, WATER—Children wade in floodwaters near Elsa, Texas, as heavy rains force 4,000 persons from their homes in Rio Grande Valley, almost waterless a week ago. FINAL RESPECTS — Trainer-owner Terrell Jacobs pays final respects to his world famous lion, Sheba, in Hugo, Okla. The Shrine circus lion was embalmed with six gallons of embalming fluid and casket was made from two large washtubs. Jacobs holds six-mpnth-old Monarch who will replace Sheba under the big top in a few years. Demands Made To Name Official WASHINGTON f AP)—A top administration official’s declaration that American troops might be used in a last-ditch effort to save Indo-china today brought prompt challenges from both Republican and Democratic lawmakers. The official, who remained publically unnamed despite demands for disclosure of his identity so that he could be questioned by Congress, said he believes Indochina can be saved from the Communists by other means without employing U.S. combat units there. But he said that if French forces should withdraw, an event he called unlikely, this country would have to send in troops. He said this was because— ' and he repeated the words of NEWSMAN SAYS IT WAS NIXON LONDON (/P -The London Times’ Washington correspondent indicated today that Vice President Nixon was the “high administration source” who said America must be ready to send troops to Indochina if they are needed there. The correspondent started his story by saying the statement was made by “what is described as a high administration source.” After a few lines of direct quotes from the .statement, the correspondent wrote: “The only ‘high administration source ’ who made a speech this Friday afternoon was the Vice President. Mr. Nixon spoke ‘off the record’ to the annual meeting of the American Society of Newspaper Editors.” Oppenheimer Loyal, But A Risk, Official Says WASHINGTON LP-A high-level member of the Eisenhower administration says he feels that Atomic Scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer is a “loyal American," even though “the information in his file is voluminous and makes a. . . . case of security risk.” This official gave his opinion to newsmen, but stipulated that his name not be disclosed. He has had contact with the Oppenheimer case since 1948 when the pioneer physicist-credited with a leading role in development of the atomic bomb— was questioned by a congressional committee. On Ike's Orders Oppenheimer has been barred on President Eisenhower’s orders from further access to U. S. atomic secrets pending a review of his case. A special three-man Atomic Energy Commission panel has been sitting in the case. A “blank wall” was ordered placed between Oppenheimer and government atomic data last December after the AEC said it had received information that he was a security risk. The scientist denied this and asked for a hearing. The administration official said it is up to the panel headed by former Secretary of the Army Gordon Gray, to decide whether Oppenheimer is a security risk. The official said he is “sure Dr. Oppenheimer will get a fair hearing.” He said the physicist’s file presents “an extremely difficult problem.” The overshadowing issue in the Oppenheimer case, said this official, is whether the government should hold that past associations, even if foresworn, should forever after rule out government employment. Each on Merits “1 do not believe it should,” he said, and added: “1 believe each case should be considered on its merits, particularly when deaiin^ with an ideology which during the 1930’s had such an appeal among the intelligentsia and various other groups. “If the man is not a security risk, if he is not subject to blackmail, he should have a right to work for the government. “Dr. Oppenheimer, at least on the evidence I have seen, in my opinion is a loyal American. On the other hand the information in his füe is voluminous and makes a ‘prima facie’ case of security risk.” One of the allegations against Mosf of U.S. Due For Sunny Easter NEW YORK (B-Easter Sunday weather for most of the nation will be clear and sunny, the Weather Bureau predicts. The only showers expected are for the Northern Great Lakes section. Northeast‘and Northwest states will be cool while warmer weather should hit the Central Plains States, the bureau •«Ff. Oppenheimer is he opposed development of the hydrogen bomb even after President Truman ordered in 1950 that work on that super-weapon be pushed. Oppenheimer has asserted he dropped his opposition as soon as Truman made his decision and that he went at the task with a will. Name Not Mentioned Sen. Hickenlooper (R-lowa), a former chairman of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee and now its vice-chairman, was asked on a CBS radio program last night whether dlsloyi,lty figured In the H-bomb delay. “I wouldn’t pass judgment on that particular matter at this time,” Hickenlooper replied. Oppenheimer’s name was not mentioned. Asked if he felt there was a deliberate delay in developing the H-bomb, the Iowa senator answered that he did not want to state that the lag “was or was not deliberate.” Hickenlooper did say "the program was not started as early as I thought It should be started.” POLICE LOSE HAND GRENADE UNDER SEAT OF AMBULANCE SALT LAKE CITY (AP>—Richard A. Walker, with the glory of spring in his heart, went digging in his garden yesterday. But he quit quick when he turned up a hand grenade. He called police to come and get it. Told them he didn’t want to grow little hand grenades. Police finally threw it into the Jordan River—but not before a frantic search. They lost the grenade when it rolled under the seat of their police ambulance on the way to the river. CULLEN'S GUEST Fishing's Over, Joe Leaves Texas By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sen. Jo.seph McCarthy, controversial Wisconsin Republican, prepared to leave Houston Saturday for Washington after a visit of several days in Texas. McCarthy and his wife. Jean, had dinner Friday night at the home of Hugh Roy Cullen, Houston oilman-philanthropist. Cullen is one of the Texas millionaires who backed President Eisenhower in the 1952 campaign. Recently, however, Cullen has said that he believes McCarthy is the “greatest man in America. Earlier In the day Friday, McCarthy had gone fishing in the Gulf of Mexico. As reporters and photographers gathered around. Cullen was asked by one newsman; “What are you going to do if he (McCarthy) catches a redfish?” Throw Him Back' “Tell him to throw him back in,” Cullen smiled. The senator, whose Communist-hunting tactics in the last five years have excited wide comment and brought him worldwide repute is to return to Texas next week to be the principal speaker at ceremonies marking the 118th anniver-suy oi the BatUe of San Jacinto. The senator is to make his speech on April 21. San Jacinto Day, from the same spot where the Republic of Texas Army under General Sam Houston surprised and defeated the Mexican Army under General Lopez Antonio de Santa Anna. The Texas victory marked the defeat of Mexico and the beginning of Texas Independence. Meanwhile, McCarthy was still getting criticism which started when he accepted Cullen's invitation to make the San Jacinto Day speech. Asks Apologies W. O. (BUI) Cooper of Dallas told a Young Democrat meeting at Ranger Friday night that McCarthy should not be allowed to speak at the San Jacinto ceremonies until the Senator “apologizes to the parents of the 232 American fighting men massacred at Malmedy, Belgium, by Nazi S. S. troops.” Cooper said that McCarthy in senate floor speeches urged light sentences for the Germans involved. Cooper is a Dallas buUder and Loyalist Democrat who also criticises Gov. Allan Shivers and the Democratic State Executive Committee. President Eisenhower — “wo cannot afford any retreat in Asia.” His statement, made yesterday to newsmen who were cautioined not to make public his name, included a prediction the French government is “going to be putting on the pressure” to negotiate an Indochina truce with the Communists at the April 26 Cîeneva Conference. Would Deliver Indochina It wa.s his opinion, the official said in a clear indicaton of American opposition to such a move, that such a truce would deliver Indochina to the Communists. Although the official's declaration was regarded in some quarters as reflecting a National Security Council decision, the purported policy was challenged immediately by Republicans as well as Democrats. Sen. Hickenlooper (R-Iowa), a Senate Foreign Reiations Committee member, said in an interview he doesn’t believe any decision has been made to use American troops In Indochina under any clrcum-itances, “If we have such a policy. I’d like to know about it,” Hickenlooper said, “but I don’t think vre have.” Sen. Long (D-La), a former Armed Services Committee member, said no U. S. troops should be sent to Indochina without a congressional resolution approving it. And he said he would vote against any such resolution. Guarding Against War President Eisenhower told his news conference Feb. 10 that no one could be more bitterly opposed to getting the United States involved in a hot war In Indochina than he was. Consequently, he said every move he authorized was calculated. as far as humans could do it, to make certain that does not happen. The storm over the Indochina statement overshadowed a controversy over President Eisenhower's pledge yesterday that the United States will maintain a “fair share” of troops in Europe for joint defense of the continent “whüe a threat to that area exists.” The President’s declaration, issued from his vacation headquarters at Augusta, Ga., was addressed to the prime ministers of the six nations Involved in th« projected European Defense Community. U. S. officials indicated it was aimed at encouraging the reluctant French to join the organi-zation. Chairman Saltonstali iR-Mass) of the Senate Armed Services Committee said he was asking Secretary of Defense Wilson to describe the “official nature of the commitment.” Predicts Discussion Sen. Mansfield (D-Mont), a Foreign Relations Committee member, predicted there will be discussion in the Senate of what he said was the administration’s failure to tell members of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees about the announcement. Administration sources said it had been discussed with both Republican and Democratic leaders. THE WEATHB) U.S. DEPABT.MKNT Of lOU.UERC* WEATKE!* BlRE.lt ABILENE ANl> VICINITY—Clear and mild i.mperatuTfs Saturday and Sunday, high Saturday 15 to 80; low Saturday night 50; h^h Sunday 80. NORTH CENTRAL TEXAS — Generally fair and a little warmer this afternoon, tonight and Sunday. WEST TEXAS — Generally fair through Sunday. A little warmer this afternoon and in South Plains and Pecos Valley eastward tonight. EAST AND SOUTH CENTR.iL TEXAS— Generally fair and a little warmer this alternocm. tonight and Sunday. Gentle to moderate variable, mostly southerly, winds on the coast, becoming moderate to fresh southerly Sunday. . Prl. P.M. TEMPERATIKES Sat, A.M. 83 ..... 1:30 ........... 54 85 .......... 3:30 ......... 54 88 .......... .. 3:30 . .......... 54 87 .......... . <:30 ............ 54 67 .......... .. 5:30 ............ 54 88 .......... .. 8:30 .......... 54 83 .......... .. 7:30 ............ 57 80 ......... .. 1:30 ............ 85 58 ......... - t:30 ............ 78 58 .......... . 10:X) ........... 54 .......... .. »1:30 .......... . 53 ... - ..... .. 13:30 , ........ .... High and low temperatures for M hours ended at «;30 a.m. 53 and 88. Sunset last sight 1:08 p.m. Sunrise today 8:07 a.m. Sunset tonight 1:10 p.m. Barometer rcadmg at t;M a.m. 31^. Helattve humidity at a.m. 34^ ;