Abilene Reporter News, April 13, 1954

Abilene Reporter News

April 13, 1954

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Issue date: Tuesday, April 13, 1954

Pages available: 50

Previous edition: Monday, April 12, 1954

Next edition: Wednesday, April 14, 1954

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Publication name: Abilene Reporter News

Location: Abilene, Texas

Pages available: 980,630

Years available: 1917 - 1977

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Abilene Reporter News (Newspaper) - April 13, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, MILDWan Ufatlme Reporter -jfzetos"WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT GOES"—Byron EVENING FINAL VOL. LXXIII, No. 301 Associated Press (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 13, 1954—TWENTY PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY 10c PROMISES TO FIGHT BACK Top Physicist Oppenheimer Is Suspended for 'Security' WASHINGTON W—Dr. J Robert1 Oppenheimer has been suspended as a government adviser on atomic matters for security reasons—including accusations that he sought to block -development of the hydrogen bomb. He declared he will fight the accusations. The noted physicist, sometimes called the man who built the ,A-bomb, disclosed the charges himself today by making public an exchange of letters with Maj. Gen. K. D. Nichols, general manager of the Atomic Energy Commission. Stories about the charges had been I published by New York morning1 newspapers. There was no immediate com-! ment from the AEC. Nichols’ letter said 16 specific allegations of subversive activities had been leveled against Oppenheimer. One was that he battled against construction of the H-bomb, even after former President Truman approved it. The letter, dated last Dec. 23, advised Oppenheimer: ■ “It was reported further that you' were instrumental in persuading other scientists not to work on the Estep Engine 'Good as Jet' By GEORGIA NELSON William Estep’s defense at-! torney, Maury Hughes of Dallas,! attempted to put the atomotor (a I fuel-less engine) on the level with mercury jet engines being developed by the U. S. Army and Navy, j Hughes injected this into testimony during Estep’s trial in U. S. j Court. He is charged with using the U. S. mails to defraud and vio-; lation of SEC regulations in selling stock in the Atomotor Manufacturing Co.    ; .fudge T. Whitfield Davidson’s federal courtroom was filled with spectators, about half of them being students accompanied    byj teachers. President ‘Knew Nothing’ Robert L. Parks of 1741 North 19th St. was one of four government witnesses placed on the stand Tuesday morning. He said that although he was elected president of the company he knew nothing about the company’s funds or where its bank account was. Parks said he never presided over a stockholders’ meeting, directed any affairs of the company or consulted with any engineers on the atomotor. He testified he received no salary as company president and that his only function was to sign stock Abilene FFA Wins Judging Sweepstakes STEPHENV1LLE, April 13. (RNS)—Abilene’s FFA Chapter was named Area IV sweepstakes winner Tuesday morning in the judging contests held Monday at Tarleton State College. The announcement came for J. B. Payne, Stephenville, Area IV supervisor, and W. W. Reed of TSC. contest superintendent. The FFA chapter scoring the least number of points in all contests wins sweepstakes honors. Lowest possible score is three, indicating the winning of first place; in all three contests. The Abilene teams, coached by J. I. Moore and Bill Coalson, VA teachers, placed second in poultry, third in livestock and ninth in dairy cattle, for 2, 3 and 9 points, or a total of 14, which was lowest for area IV contestants. The Wylie FFA Chapter teams, coached by Bill Scott, VA teacher, placed first in poultry and first in livestock, but dropped to 31st position in dairy judging for a total of 33 points, one each for the first places, but rocketing to 31 in dairy judging. More than 1.300 FFA members from 68 counties of Areas IV, VII, and VIII, took part in the 26th annual tri-area contests, the largest ever held at Tarleton. There were a total of 123 teams in poultry, 172 in livestock, and 163 in dairy. certificates Issued by the company. Parks stated that Estep “made all decisions” iit the company’s affairs. Cross-examining Parks. Hughes asked if he did not know that the government has been trying to perfect mercury jet engines, U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Floore objected vigorously. Story in Reporter-New* ... Hughes unsuccessfully tried to introduce in testimony a photostatic copy of a story which appeared in the Abilene Reporter-News. The story described a fuel-less engine operated by expansion and contraction of mercury invented by Samuel G. House of 2002 Grape St. Under questioning by Floore. Hughes said he had never read the story and did not know whether his brother, B. B. Parks, read it. Other witnesses Tuesday morning were James M. Shelton of 873 Legett Dr., Mrs. Hope C. Lindley of La Luz, N. M., and her son, Buell Lindley of Alamogordo, N. M. All three told of buying stock in the Atomotor Manufacturing Co., identifying checks they had written and stock certificates received. Shelton testified that Estep told him the atomotor, which would revolutionize the motor industry, was a government secret being produced at Grand Prairie. He said Estep told him the atomotor would run almost without fuel.” Shelton and his wife bought 200 See ESTEP, Pg. 5-A, Col. 4 hydrogen bomb project and that the opposition to the hydrogen bomb, of which you are the most experienced, most powerful and most effective member, has definitely slowed down its development. . .. “The commission has no other recourse, in the discharge of its obligations to protect the common defense and security, but to suspend your clearance (to have atomic information» until the matter has been resolved. ‘Hereby Suspended’ “Accordingly, your employment on atomic energy commission work and your eligibility for access to restricted data are hereby suspended.” In reply, Oppenheimer wrote a 43-page letter on March 4, which he called “a summary account of relevant aspects of my life.” In the letter, the scientist took up each of the allegations raised in Nichols’ letter including the statement that he had argued against development of the hydrogen bomb in 1949. Oppenheimer said he as well as the entire general advisory committee on atomic matters, made up of top-level scientists, argued against the rapid build-up ,of H-weapons. which the scientist referred to as a “crash program.” He said the committee submitted a report to the AEC stated that “such a program might weaken rather than strengthen the position of the United States.” Co-operated Later But, Oppenheimer said, he and the other members of the commission shifted signals after President Truman announced in January 1950 that the United States would proceed with the H-bomb program. “I never urged anyone not to work on the hydrogen bomb project,” Oppenheimer said. After the President’s decision was made, he declared, “we never again raised the question of the wisdom of the policy wfhich had now been settled, but concerned ourselves rather with trying to help implement it.” Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said in a television speech last week that development of the H-bomb was delayed for 18 months and asked whether subversives might have been behind the delay. Neither Nichols’ nor Oppenheim-er’s letter mentioned McCarthy. Accuser Unnamed Nor was there anything in Nichols’ letter to Indicate who had made accusations about Oppen-1 heimer. Oppenheimer, now 49, acknowl-i edged that in his younger years ! he had associated with Commu-j nists and contributed to some communist causes. Earthen Dam Bursts, Floods Snyder Oilfield 20-Foot Storage Tanks Submerged TRIO ESCAPES DEATH — Mr. and Mrs. Ruel Crow and T. M. Martin, all of Brownwood, escaped from this automobile a few seconds before a wall of water washed it off a culvert eight and a half miles east of Winters on Farm Road 53. The car was washed 400 yards away and covered by water. It is shown as it was being hauled out of the Gap Creek. Crow and Martin work for Santa Fe Railroad. (Photo by W. E. Little, Winters.) Polio Tests Set After April 25 Delay in receiving the special polio vaccine has forced postponement of Abilene’s polio test trial about two weeks, health unit officials said Tuesday. The trial, set to begin here this week for all second-graders whose parents requested it, cannot start until after April 25, Dr. A. G. Arrant, who will direct the testing, said. The vaccine is now scheduled to arrive in Texas April 25 and may come directly to Abilene, Dr. Arrant said. The vaccine may be sent to Austin, however, and then transferred to the state’s 10 testing areas. The National Foundation, in cooperation with state and local health, medical and educational authorities, is conducting a nationwide field study of the effectiveness of the vaccine which may be protective against paralysis due to poliomyelitis. The vaccine consists of chemi cally-killed polio virus of all three known types. For purposes of this study, approximately 3,500 first three graders in Abilene and Taylor county will participate in the tests. J.    C.    Hunter,    Jr., overall chairman    for    the Abilene program    esti mates that 1,160 second-graders will receive the vaccine. Children in the first and third grades will not receive the vaccine, but will be observed so that a comparison can    be    made    between the    two groups. Dr. Arrant pointed out the children in each group, those who are vaccinated and those who are not, are equally important to the study. He said that in certain instances it will be necessary to test small samples of blood at intervals during    the    study    to determine    the amount oi antibodies against poliomyelitis that are present. A total of three doses of the vaccine will be given to the second graders. FORMS FOR PARENTS — These workers are preparing forms to be sent to parents of all first three graders. The forms are to be filled out by parents who desire their children to participate in polio vaccination field trial here late this month. Left to right, they are Mrs. W. R. Edwards, Mrs. Stanley Smith, H. B. Hildebrand, Mrs. E. N. Montgomery, and Mrs. W. H. McMullan. (Roberts Studio photo) Jury Ponders: Was Jailing Of Man Legal? The jury in the $12,000 damage suit against Sheriff Ed Powell and Sweetwater Chief of Police Lloyd Rogers recessed until 1:30 p.m. today after deliberating for 55 nynutes Tuesday morning. Powell and Rogers are defendants in the suit filed by Wallace T. Williams, Abilene trucker. Williams says he was arrested by Powell and placed in Sweetwater city jail overnight without any complaint filed against him, and released the next morning. The case has been on trial in 104th District Court since Monday morning. The charge of Judge Owen Thomas contained four special issue questions to be answered by the jury. The first instructed the jury to note “yes” or “no” to the question whether they found Powell was guilty of false imprisonment of Williams. The second asked, in case they answered “yes,” to state how much reasonable compensation the plaintiff should have for “humiliation and mental suffering.” The third question was similar to the first. It regarded Police. Chief Rogers. “Do you find that before placing Williams in jail, Rogers had reason to bebeve that Williams had been found in a suspicious place and under circumstances which reasonably showed that Williams had been guilty of some breach of peace or was threatening or about to commit some offense against the law.” If the answer was “No,” the jury was to state a reasonable compensation for the “humiliation, mental pain and suffering of the plaintiff,” Testimony Monday was given by plaintiff and the two defendants. Powell said Williams and Homer Pltcock, Williams’ employe, has threatened to take off a bus a juvenile girl whom he was sending home to Colorado. Powell said he took the girl to Sweetwater to avoid the threat, taking along William Tidwell, Abilene fireman, as company. At Sweetwater Powell said as he was purchasing a ticket for the girl, Williams and Pitcock came into the bus station, that Pitcock rushed toward and embraced the girl. Powell said he invited the two to go to the city hall with him. At the city hall Powell and Chief Rogers conferred. Rogers allegedly placed both men in the city jail and held them until the next morning. Plaintiff said he was denied use of a telephone until 9 o’clock the night of his arrest and the next morning was released, Rogers testified that he told Williams he was holding him “because he had contributed to the delinquency of a minor.” Williams testified Powell cursed him. Powell denied this in his testimony, also denied that he had arrested him. Rogers and Powell said that Williams was held until the girl could be put on the bus out of his and Pitcock’s influence. Tuesday morning the defense put on the stand Abilene Policeman Leonard C. Winters. Winters testified he went with County Juvenile Officer J. T. Sparks to pick -up the girl at an Abilent address. PUMPS STILL RUNNING By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Water piled up by heavy rain burst an earthen dam and flooded part of the Kelley-Snyder oil field in West Texas Tuesday. Meanwhile, drizzle fell gently over drought-cracked fields and ranges already bathed by four days of downpours across tho state. The broken dam was on Bull Creek above Lake -T. B. Thomas, which supplies water for the cities of Snyder, Odessa and Big Spring. Water surging down the creek against the diversion dam smashed it late Monday. Tuesday morning 20-foot oil storage tanks downstream were under water and at least 30 derricks upstream from the dam were inundated. There was no loss of life because people in the area southwest of Snvder could see the break was due and cleared out. Runoff from the rains had raised Lake J. B. Thomas 4,-000 acre feet. Other reservoirs — some, that have never been full—also ► kept rising. Abilene Lakes Catch 330 Million Gallons Abilene’s three lakes have caught an estimated 330 million gallons of water from the Sunday-Monday rains and the Clear Fork pumps are still running. That’s enough to run the city a month and a half. Curtis Harlin, water and sewer superintendent, said at noon Tuesday runoff has almost all More Light Rain Possible West Texas is expected to keep its blanket of soggy clouds through tonight and possibly Wednesday, but they have let loose all the heavy rain they have in store, Abilene forecasters said Tuesday morning. More drizzle and light rain may fall, but no more of the soakers which dropped Sunday night and Monday morning are expected. The heaviest rains came Sunday night and Monday, ranging from around two inches to the north of Abilene, to waterspouts estimated up to around seven inches in some parts of Runnels County and south to Mason. Some towns got added rainfall Monday afternoon and night. Some of these late reports made to West Texas Utilities Co. by local stations were: Baird .75 inch; Throckmorton, .10; Knox City, 1.50; Mun-day, .85; Mason, .10. These reading are in addition to Sunday rain. Abilene got a total of 2 Inches out of the rainy spell by noon Tuesday This pulls the total h“-!,“' ‘efttef.ted.’ precipitation for this year to 3.11 inches. This is better than at this time last year, 2.51 inches, but ; still far from normal rainfall for I the first four months of the year, I 5.38 inches. Downpours in other areas bulged city lakes. Lake Daniel near Breckenridge w’as over the spillway. Lake Baird overflowed and backed water up over the road to Admiral. drained from the watersheds of the three lakes. But flood waters are still coming down the Clear Fork. Rain around Abilene was the “soaker” type. Most of it went into the ground. The pumps, which lift w'ater over into Phantom Hill Lake, started at noon Monday. Since then, two pumps have been on except for a short time during last night when water dropped and one pump was cut off. Lake Kirby is up three inches, a total of about 20 million gallons. Lake Abilene rose two Inches, a total of 10 million gallons. Phantom got the bulk of the catch, 300 million gallons which put the lake up six inches. Of that 300 million, about 78 million gallons have come from the pumps, Harlin said. The boo.4t from the slow rains— the five-to-seven inch deluges all missed Abilene watersheds — gave Abilene enough water to run the city between one and two months. Average consumption, year-round, is about 7xk million gallons each The rushing water down normally dry Bull Creek brought fears this morning for a bridge on the Snyder-Big Spring Highway over Colorado River. Joe Pickle, Big Spring newsman, said Highway Patrolmen were watching the bridge closely to see if it will hold. Pickle, secretary of the Colorado Municipal Water District which developed the Lake Thomas project, said the lake will suffer a major “loss” because of 1he break in the Bull Creek diversion dam. The small dam was built to shift water over into the new lake. Now, this flood water is rushing on down Bull Creek and will go into the Colorado River below Lake Thomas. The oil wells inundated since the dam broke are on the southern edge of the Kelley-Snyder field. They are in or near the Bull Creek "draw” which is normally dry. Pickle flew over <he area Monday before the diversion dam went out. He said water was backed up from 15 to 20 miles and a few wells behind the diversion dam were already inundated. E. V. Spence, general manager of the water district, and O. H. Ivy, production engineer, were at the flood site this morning. They will be joined by Larry Eads of Freese and Nichols, consulting engineers, to survey the damage. Pickle said it was not known this morning whether all of the Bull Creek diversion dam was washed out. Farmlands and ranges took a new, fresh look. Timberlands hadn’t looked green in years. Farmers Hope Anew Farmers, filled with despair just a week ago, had new hope. And in the hours before dawn Tuesday rain, light and in drizzles, fell on Wichita Falls, Midland, Abilene, Junction, Marfa, San Antonio, Wink, Brownsville, Mineral NATO-Type Alliance Due For Far East on so 24 hours.. Phantom is now about 12 feet i Wells, Amarillo, Fort Worth, Lub-below the spillway. It contains boclt an“ Dallas, about 12.1 billion gallons. It could ! The Weather Bureau said more hold 24 billion gallons.    showers,    scattered thundershowers Lake Kirby is 12.7 feet below | and thunderstorms were in pros-spillway. It has in it about 640 pect for all the state, million gallons against a capacity Nobody claimed the drought was of 2.850 billion Lake AbUene is too cnded But everyb0dy knew it had 1°» *° gauge depth below spillway,! j,een severely dented. At Brown but it does have in it an estimated field, happiness was almost com- LONDON Ifl—The United States and Britain agreed today to . seek a Nato-type military alliance of 10 nations, pivoted on Southeast Asia, in an effort to safeguard peace from Indochina to New Zealand. They declared Communist aggression. loose in Indochina, threatens to spread over all the rich lands extending to Australia, the Philippines and Thailand. The decision to press for the formation of a new Southeast Asia defense system was announced in a joint British-American communique after a two-day conference between U.S. Secretary of State Dulles and British leaders on a “united action” program. A too - ranking American official, said Dulles was “very satisfied” with the meeting and felt the talks “went far towards establishing the unity of purpose which he sought on Southeast Asia defense.” Dulles was leaving by plane for Paris to line up France in what the official said might become a "Southeast NATO.” Dulles held his fifth conference in three days today with British Foreign Secretary Eden, telling reporters as he entered the Foreign Office: “We shall have something to say this afternoon.” The American secretary planned to fly to Paris later, talk with Premier Joseph Laniel and Foreign Minister Georges Bidault, and leave for Washington tomorrow night or Thursday. British informants said Eden, at his talks with Dulles Sunday night and yesterday, made this compromise offer: (1). British support for the American’s proposed anti-Commu-nist alliance in the Pacific around Communist China, but (2) no strong declaration of united action in Indochina until the West finds ?s°3 S^bUlion1'gallons18 °apadty plete. The high school band staged out at the^ Geneva conference, Before these newest rains, Abi lene had enough water stored to run the city (at present rate of consumption with average evaporation) for two and a half years, SWEETIE PIE House Yofes to End Special Meet Today AUSTIN UR—The House voted j 76-44 today to adjourn finally the j 53rd Legislature’s special session j at 4 p.m. The Senate would have to concur to make the resolution 1 effective. The action came as legislators battled to push through local and pet measures in a race to mop up last minute details before adjourn-; ment. The Senate meanwhile recessed | until 2 p.m. a downtown parade and crowned opening April 26, whether the Com-15-year-old Kay Kissinger, “Miss munists really are willing to ne-Drought-Breaker of 1954.”    I    gotiate    for    peace    in    Asia. Boy, 11, Killed HOUSTON un-Hobert Warren Watson, 11, son of Mr. and Mrs. Stanley Watson, was killed yesterday when the roof of a makeshift cave fell on him along the banks of Bray’s Bayou. Police said he A DEMON ON WHEELS Be on th« lookout for SWEETIE PIE, a lovable, laughable little .’mischief who raises hovoc as her favorite pastime. You'll ever discover that she has on occasional sweet streak, too. Watch for this hilarious new comic >anel every day in the Tye Meets Tonight, May Incorporate THE WEATHER MORNING EDITION OF THE ui mays nayuu. ruiivc aom uci iu|i rvr DfOftliTCD MITWC i wwusitc iui Uit- mtuiiwiaicu wiy died of suffocation. Two com- AMLIiWI!# KfcrUK I LK-rSLVV5; wouid include around 500 people, panlons escaped Injury.    i beginning April 19. j The proposed city boundaries TYE, April 13 A town meet- would not include any of the land ing to talk over plans to incorp- in the Abilene Air Force Base, orate Tye has been called for 8 Lewis said. City line^ would g > o’clock tonight at the Tye school, j to within about one-half mile of Bill Mauldin, resident of Tye and the extreme northern portion of salesman for an Abilene packing the base. company, will speak on "Four Rea-  _ sons Why Tye Should Incorporate." \ ~ The Rev. Temple Lewis, Baptist minister, will preside at the meet-j ing. The incorporation move is the preliminary step in the community’s effort to join with Abilene, Merkel and other towns in a water project, Lewis said. Before Tye could vote bonds to join in the water program, it must! be incorporated, Tye has been incorporated.        _    ...... ...... Tentative plan is to extend the er With act tte^'afternoon ¿.under showers, boundaries of the original town-    temperatures site by approximately 27 acres on p M the north, 100 acres on the south,! 64 50 acres on the east and 40 acres on the west, Lewis said. He described these proposed ex-; tensions as “normal” ones, taking inhabited areas adjacent to the original townsfte of about 80 to 100 acres.    i A community must have 200 inhabitants to incorporate, Lewis said. The area being considered as townsite for the Incorporated city U.S. DEPARTMENT OF COM MERCK WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND VICINITY -Cloudy sr.d mild with occasional light showers todty. tonight ana Wednesday. High todav, near 75 degrees; low tonight, near SC; high Wednesday in the. 70 s. NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST TEXAS— never1 Mostly cloudy with scattered showers | and thundershowers this afternoon and tonight. Wednesday partly cloudy and warm- Tues. A M. ...    1:30      58 .    2 30 ............ 57 ...    3 30       57 ...    4:30      57 ...    5 30      57 ...    6:30      57 ...    7:30       17 ...    «30    ............    58 ... 9 30  ......... to ...    10:30       «4 ...    11:30      6* 58        13:30       Si Sunrise today 61* a.«. Sunset tonight 06 p.m. Maximum temperature for SAJbour period thing at 6:30 a m 66 Minimum temperature for 34-hour period ding at 6:30 am.: 58. Barometer reading at 13 30 p.m. 36 33. Relative humidity at 11:30 p.m. U%. ;