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Abilene Reporter-News, The (Newspaper) - April 13, 1954, Abilene, Texas CLOUDY, MILD Abilene EVENING FINAL "WITHOUT OR WITH OFFENSE TO FRIENDS OR FOES WE S KETCH YOUR WORLD EXACTLY AS IT Byron VOL. LXX1II, No. 301 Associated Prtts (AP) ABILENE, TEXAS, TUESDAY EVENING, APRIL 13, PAGES IN TWO SECTIONS PRICE DAILY 5c, SUNDAY lOc PROMISES TO FIGHT BACK Top Physicist Oppenheimer Is Suspended for 'Security' WASHINGTON J Robert1 Oppenheimer has been suspended as a government adviser on atomic matters for security cluding accusations that he sought to block -development ot the hydro- gen bomb. He declared he will fight the accusations. The noted physicist, sometimes called the man who built the .A- bomb. disclosed the charges him- self today by making public an exchange of letters with Maj. Gen. K. D. Nichols, general manager of the Atomic Energy Commission. Stories about the charges had been i published by New York morning newspapers. There was no immediate com- ment from the AEC. Nichols1 letter said 16 specific allegations of subversive activities had been leveled against Oppen- heimer. One was that he battled against construction of the H-bomb, even after former President Tru- man approved it. The letter, dated last Dec. 23, advised Oppenheimer: "It was reported further that you were instrumental in persuading other scientists not to work on the; Estep Engine 'Good as Jet' By GEORGIA NELSON William Estep's defense at- torney, Maury Hughes of Dallas, certificates Issued by the company. Parks stated that Estep "made all decisions" the company's attempted to put the atomotor (a I affairs. fuel-less engine) on the level with! Cross-examining Parks, Hughes mercury jet engines being devel- asked if he did not know that oped by the U. S- Army and Navy. I the government has been trying to Hughes injected this into tesli- perfect mercury jet engines, mony- during Estep's trial in U. S. U. S. District Attorney Heard L. Court. is charged with using iFloore objected vigorously. Story in Reporter-News Hughes unsuccessfully tried the U. S. mails to defraud and vio- lation of SEC regulations in selling stock in the Atomotor Manufactur- ing Co i introduce in testimony a photosta- Judge T. copy of a story which appear- federal courtroom was filled with ed in the Abilene Reporter-News, spectators, about half of stor-v described a fuel-less en- by gine operated by expansion and contraction of mercury invented by Samuel G. House of 2002 Grape St. being students accompanied teachers. President 'Knew Nothing' Robert L. Parks of 1741 North 19th St. was one of four govern-' lender questioning by Floore, ment witnesses placed on the stand Hughes said he had never .read CL Tuesdav morning He said that at Me story and did not know wheth-1 though "he was elected president his brother, B. B. Parks, the company he knew nothing about it- Other witnesses Tuesday morn- hydrogen bomb project and that the opposition to the hydrogen bomb, of which you are the most experienced, most powerful and most effective member, has defi- nitely slowed down its develop- ment- 41The commission has no other recourse, in the discharge of its obligations to protect the common defense and security, but to sus- pend your clearance (to have atomic information) until the mat- ter has been resolved. 'Hereby "Accordingly, your employment on atomic energy commission work and your eligibility for access to restricted data are hereby sus- pended." In reply, Oppeuheimer wrote a 43-page letter on March 4, which he called "a summary account of relevant aspects of my life." In the letter, the scientist took up each of the allegations raised in Nichols' letter including the statement that he had argued against development of the hydro- gen bomb in 1949. .Oppenheimer said he as.well as the entire general advisory com- mittee on atomic matters, made up of top-level scientists, argued against the rapid build-up jot H- weapons, which the scientist re- ferred to as a "crash program." He said the committee submitted a report to the AEC stated that "such a program might weaken rather than strengthen the position of the United States." Co-operated Later But, Oppenheimer said, he and the other members of the commis- sion shifted signals after President Truman announced in January 1950 that the United States would pro- ceed with the H-bomb program. Earthen Dam Bursts, Floods Snyder Oilfield "I never urged anyone not to bomb proj- company's funds or where its bank account was. Parks said he ing were James M.'Shelton of 873 never presided over a stockhold- Legett Dr., Mrs. Hope C. Lindley meeting. dlrecte_d any af- of La Luz, N.. M., and her son, fairs of the company" or consulted Buell Lindley of Alampgordo, N. with any engineers on the atomo- tor. He testified he received no sal- M. All three told of buying stock in the Atomotor Manufacturing Co., identifying checks they had writ- ten and stock certificates receiv- ed. Shelton testified that Estep told him the atomotor, which would revolutionize the motor industry, was a government secret being produced at Grand Prairie. He said Estep told him the atomotor would run- almost without fuel." Shelton and his wife bought 200 See ESTEP, Pg. 5-A, Col. 4 ary as company president and that his only function was to sign stock Abilene FFA Wins Judging Sweepstakes STEPHENVILLE, April 13. FFA Chapter was named Area IV sweepstakes winner Tuesday morning in the judging contests held Monday at Tarleton State College. The announcement came for J. B. Payne, Stephenville, Area IV i supervisor, and W. W. Reed of TSC. contest superintendent. The FFA chapter scoring the least number of points in all contests wins sweepstakes honors. Lowest possible score is three, in- dicating the winning of first place in all three contests. The Abilene teams, coached by J. I. Moore and Bill Coalson, VA _ teachers placed second in poul- week for all second-graders whose try third in livestock and ninth parents requested it, cannot start in dairy cattle, for 2, 3 and 9 until after April 25, Dr. A. G. Ap- points, or a total of 14, which was rant, who will direct the testing, lowest for area IV contestants. said. The Wyiie FFA Chapter teams. The vaccine is now scheduled coached by Bill Scott, VA teach- to arrive in Texas April 25 and er, placed first in poultry and may come directly to Abilene, Dr. first in livestock, but dropped to Arrant said. The vaccine may be sent to Aus- tin, however, and then transferred to the state's 10 testing areas. The National Foundation, in co- e President's decision he declared, "we never ;d the question of the wisdom of the policy which had now been settled, but concerned ourselves rather with trying to help implement it." Sen. McCarthy (R-Wis) said in a television speech last week that development of. the H-bomb was delayed for 18 months and asked whether subversives might have been behind the delay. Neither Nichols' nor Oppenheim- er's letter mentioned McCarthy. Accuser Unnamed Nor was there anything in Nichols' letter to indicate who had made accusations about Oppen- heimer. Oppenheimer, now 49, acknowl- edged that in his younger years he Bad associated with Commu- nists and contributed to some com- munist causes. TRIO ESCAPES DEATH Mr. and Mrs. Ruel Crow and T. M. Martin, all of Brownwood, escaped from this automobile a few seconds before a wall of water washed it off a culvert eight and a half miles east of Winters on Farm Road 53. The car was washed 400 yards away and covered by water. It is shown as it was being hauled put of the Gap Creek. Crow and Martin work for Santa Fe Railroad. (Photo b'y W. E. Little, Winters.) 20-Foot Storage Tanks Submerged By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Water piled up by heavy rain burst an earthen dam and looded part of the Kelley-Snyder oil field in West Texas Tues- day. Meanwhile, drizzle fell gently over drought-cracked fields and ranges already bathed by four days of downpours across he state. The broken dam was on Bull Creek above Lake J. B. Thomas, which supplies water for the cities of Snyder, Odes- sa and Big Spring. Water surging down the creek against the liversion dam smashed it late Monday. Tuesday morning 20-foot oil storage tanks downstream were under water and at least 30 derricks upstream from the dam were inundated. There was no loss of life because people in the area south- vest of Snyder could see the break was due and cleared out. Runoff from the rains had raised Lake J. B. Thomas 100 acre feet. Other reservoirs some hat have never lieen rent rising. The rushing water down normal- y dry Bull Creek brought fears ils morning for a bridge on the nyder-Big Spring Highway over Colorado River. Joe Pickle, Big pring newsman, said Highway Pa- rolmen were watching the bridge closely to see if it will hold. Pickle, secretary of the Colorado Polio Tests Set After April 25 receiving the special, f posfpone-1 Abilene> olio testvtrial about two weeks, health unit offi- cials said Tuesday. The trial, set to begin here this 31st position in dairy judging for a total of 33 points, one each for the first places, but rocketing to 31 in dairy judging. Jlore than 1.300 FFA members from 63 counties of Areas IV, VII, and VIII, took part in the 26th annual tri-area contests, the larg- est ever held at Tarleton. There were a total of 123 teams In poultry, 172 in livestock, and 163 in dairy. operation with state health, medical and and local educational authorities, is conducting a nation- wide field study of the effective- ness of the vaccine which may be protective against paralysis due to poliomyelitis. The vaccine consists of chemi- cally-killed polio virus of all three known types. For purposes of this study, approximately first three graders in Abilene and Tay- lor county will participate in the tests. J. C. Hunter, Jr., overall chair- man for the Abilene program esti- mates that second-graders will receive the vaccine. Children in the first and third grades will not receive the vaccine, but will be observed so that a comparison can be made between the two groups. Dr. Arrant pointed out the clul dren in each group, those who are vaccinated and those who are not, are equally important to.the study. He said that in certain instances it will be necessary to test small samples of blood at intervals dur- 'ing the study to determine the amount of antibodies against po- liomyelitis that are present. A total of three doses of the vaccine will be given to the second graders. FORMS FOR PARENTS These workers are preparing forms to be sent to parents of all first three graders. The forms are to be filled out by parents who desire their children to participate in polio vaccination field trial here late this month. Left to right, they are Mrs. w. R. Edwards, Mrs. Stanley Smith, H. B. Hildebrand, Mrs. E. N. Montgomery, and Mrs. W. H. McMullan. Studio photo) Jury Ponders1. Was Jailing Of Man Legal! The jury In the damage iuit against Sheriff Ed Powell and Sweetwater Chief of Police Joyd Rogers recessed until p.m. today after deliberating- for 55 Tuesday morning. Powell and Rogers are defend- nts in the suit filed by Wallace T. Williams, Abilene trucker. WE- iams says he was arrested by Powell and placed in Sweetwater city jail overnight without any com- plaint filed against him, and re- eased the next morning. The case has been on trial in 104th District Court since Monday morning. The charge of Judge Owen Thom- as contained' four special issue questions to be answered by the iury- The first instructed the jury to note "yes" or "no" to the question whether they found Pow- ell was guilty of false imprison- ment of Williams. The second ask- ed, in case they answered :o state how much reasonable com- pensation the plaintiff should lave for "humiliation-and mental suffering." The third question was similar to the first. It regarded Police.Chief Rogers. "Do you find that before placing Williams in jail, Rogers iiad reason to believe that Wil- liams had been found in a sus- picious place and under circum- stances which reasonably showed that Williams had been guilty of some breach of peace or was threatening or about to commit some offense against the law." If the answer was the jury was to state a reasonable compensation for the "humiliation, mental pain and suffering of the plaintiff." Testimony Monday was given by plaintiff and the two' defendants. Powell said Williams and Homer Pitcock, Williams' employe, has threatened to take off a bus a juvenile girl whom he was send- ing home to Colorado. Powell said he took the girl to Sweetwater to avoid the threat, taking along Wil- liam Tidwell, Abilene fireman, as company. At Sweetwater Powell said as he was purchasing a ticket for the girl, Williams and Pitcock came into the bus station, that Pitcock rushed toward and em- braced the girl. Powell said he invited the two to go to the city hall with him. At the city hall Powell and Chief Rogers conferred. Rogers alleged- ly placed both men in the city jail and held them until the nex: morning. Plaintiff said he was denied use of a telephone until 9 o'clock the night of his arrest and the next morning was released. Rogers tes- tified that he told Williams he was holding him "because he had con- tributed to the delinquency of minor." Williams testified Powell curs ed him. Powell denied this in his testimony, also denied that he hat arrested him. Rogers and Powel said that Williams was held unti the girl could be put on the bus put of his and Pitcock's Influence Tuesday morning the defense pu on the stand Abilene Policeman Leonard C. Winters. Winters test! fled he went with County Juvenue Officer J. T. Sparks to pick up the girl at ac-Abflene address, PUMPS STILL RUNNING Abilene Lakes Catch 330 Million Gallons Abilene's three lakes have caught an estimated 330 million gallons of water from the Sunday- Monday rains and the Clear Fork pumps are still running. That's enough to run the city a month and a half. Curtis Harlin, water and sewer iuperintendent, said at noon Tuesday runoff has almost all More Light Rain Possible West Texas is expected to keep ts blanket of soggy clouds through onight and possibly Wednesday, rat they have let loose all the leavy rain they have in store, Abi- ene forecasters said Tuesday morning. More drizzle and light rain may 'all, but no more of the soakers which dropped Sunday night and Monday morning are expected. The heaviest rains came Sunday- night and Monday, ranging from around two inches to the north of Abilene, to waterspouts estimated up to around seven inches in some jarts of Runnels County and south .0 Mason. Some towns got added rainfall Monday afternoon and night. Some of these late reports made to West Texas Utilities Co. by local sta- tions were: Baird .75 inch; Throck- morton, .10; Knox City, 1.50; Mun- day, .85; Mason, .10. These read- ing are in addition to Sunday rain. Abilene got a tdtal of 2 inches out of the rainy spell by noon Tuesday. This pulls the total precipitation for this year to 3.11 inches. This is better than at this time last year, 2.51 inches, but still far from normal rainfall for the first four months of the year, 5.38 inches. Downpours in other areas bulged cits' lakes. Lake Daniel near Breckenridge was over the spill- way. Lake Baird overflowed and backed water up over the road to Admiral. House Votes to End Special Meet Today AUSTIN House voted 76-44 today to adjourn finally the 53rd Legislature's special session at 4. p.m. The Senate would have to concur to make the resolution effective. The action came as legislators battled to push through local and pet measures in a race to mop up last minute details before adjourn- ment. The Senate meanwhile recessed until 2 p.m. drained from the watersheds o the three lakes. But flood watei are still coming down the Clear Fork. Rain around Abilene was the "soaker" type. .Most of i; went into the ground. The pumps, which lift water over into Phantom Hill Lake, started at noon Monday. Since then, two pumps have been on except for a short time during last night when water dropped and one pump was cut off. Lake Kirby is up three Inches, total of about 20 million gallons Lake Abilene rose two inches, a total of 10 million gallons. Phantom got the bulk of the catch, 300 million gallons Vhich put the lake up six inches. Of tha iOO million, about 78 million gal- lons have come from the pumps Harlin said. The boost from the slow the five-to-seven inch deluges al missed Abilene watersheds gave Abilene enough water to run the city between one and two months Average consumption, year-round is about 7% million gallons each 24 hours.. Phantom is now about 12 fee below the spillway. It contains about 12.1 billion gallons. It could hold 24 billion gallons. Lake Kirby -is 12.7 feet below spillway. It has in it about 64' million gallons against a capacity of 2.850 billion. Lake Abilene is too low to gauge depth below spillway but it does have in it an estimatec 570 million gallons. Its capacity is 3.250 billion gallons. Before these newest rains, Abi lene had enough water stored t e____________ ttreatisns to: spread fiver an trie rich lands extending to Australia, the Philippines The declsIpni-iteiSbiSM -for-ftht formation'of a SouttieaEt Asia defense system was announced in a joint British-American iommu- jique after a two-day conference retween U.S. Secretary of State Dulles and British leaders on a ''united action" program. A ton ranking American official, said Dulles was "very satisfied" with the meeting and felt the talks far towards establishing the unity ot purpose which he sought on Southeast Asia defense." Dulles was leaving by plane for ?aris to line up France in what the official said might become a 'Southeast NATO." Dulles held his fifth conference in three days today with British Foreign-Secretary Eden, telling re- porters as he entered the Foreign Office: "We shall have something to say this afternoon." The American secretary planned to By to Paris later, talk with Premier Joseph Laniel and For- eign Minister Georges Bidault, and leave for Washington tomor- row night or Thursday. British informants said Eden, at his talks with. Dulles Sunday night and yesterday, made this compro- mise offer: British support for -the American's proposed anti-Commu- nist alliance in the Pacific around Communist China, but (2) no strong declaration of united action in Indochina until th.e West finds out at the Geneva conference, opening April 28, whether the Com- munists really are willing to ne- gotiate -for peace in Asia. Tye Meets Tonight, May Incorporate MORNING EDITION OF THE ABILENE REPORTER-NEWS beglnolnf April 19. TYE, April 13 A town meet- ing to talk over plans to incorp- orate Tye has been called for 8 o'clock tonight at the Tye school. Bill Mauldin, resident of Tye and salesman for an Abilene packing will speak on "Four Rea- sons Why Tye Should Incorporate." The Rev; Temple Lewis, Baptist minister, will preside at the meet- ing. The incorporation move is -the preliminary step in the communi-1 ty's effort to join with Abilene, Merkel and other towns in a wa- ter project, Lewis said. Before Tye could vote bonds to join in the water program, it must be incorporated. Tye has never been incorporated. Tentative plan is to extend the boundaries of the original town- site by approximately 27 acres on the north, 100 acres on the south, 50 acres on the east and 40 acres on the west, Lewis said. He described these proposed ex- tensions as "normal" ones, taking j inhabited areas adjacent to the or-! igtnaltownslte of about 80 to 100 acres. I A community must .have 200 in-! habitant! to incorporate, Lewis said. The area being considered as townslte for. toe Incorporated city would include around'900 people, i The nropoied city bouwUrieil would not include any of the land in the Abilene Air Force Base, Lewis raid. City lines would go to within about one-half mile of the extreme northern portion of the base. THE WEATHER L'.S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE WEATHER BUREAU ABILENE AND Cloudy sr-d mild with occasional light showers todf.y. tonight nna Wednesday. High today, near 75 -degrees: lov tonight, near 60; high Wednesday in 70's. NORTH CENTRAL AND WEST Mostly cloudy with scattered, showers and thundershowers this afternoon and to- night. Wednesday cloudy and warm- er with scattered afternoon thandersnowers. TEXTERATBXES 5'JO i..... 1J30 Tues. A.M. 58 57 57 57 57 57 57 60 M H Sunrltt toaay ua-umiim ttniMratan Mr -itilni at KM Wmmum ttmptrmtun l tdKf at a.m.: 44, BaronuUr rudlnf it DC. H-J1, lUBUity M MTU
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